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' 4 

M A G A Z I S E. 






[lit rigH Iff PuifyJUnff ZnnutoMMM ^JHklit in tkit U^aaiiu it mtrved.} 

YovifO Bbowv , 


T L 













































Book in-: 


































Duke of Coorthope 1 

WAkefleld-in-the-Manh 4 

The Boftdside Ian 9 

Dnuna » 12 

Mr. Sharpe K 

Dasetted 19 

A Woman's Way 22 

Found Browned 34 

Vigbt Linos » 129 

WhatHappsna ISZ 

The VlllsgB Curatfl: 186 

Dr. PortsouB 187 

WeddiDg-BeUa 142 

Sweet William 144 

Ueriot Serrice and Custom 146 

Young Brown 148 

An Idyl 161 

Parental Authority 168 

Good for Nothing 267 

A Berrnit 262 

So be it 264 

The Ten Pound Note ■. 267 

Taken into Custody 269 

A fashionable Wedding 274 

The Duchess of Courthopa 278 

Maiquis of Einsg^ar 288 

The I*w of Entail 88fi 

Mr. Mortmain 888 

An Episode 898 

Vingt-et-Un 898 

Beeping the Whirlwind 40S 

Every Inch a Duke 406 

A lAwyer'a Clerit ...; 618 

Usury 616 

A Police Case 620 

A Qiand Connection 627 

Frirate Inflnenca 630 

Alwddon 688 

A Cynic 5A^ 


Yomra Brotth — {Contimned.) 
Book IV. : 


Chapter I. The Carlton Clnb 641 

„ II. Ontward Bound 645 

„ m. " The George " 650 

„ IV. Qood-by, Sweetheart 652 

„ V. Mrs. Brown 857 

VI. Emigrants 659 

VIL A Marqnis 662 

Zkldi's Fobtuks, 

Book III.— Off the St^p. 

Chapt«r I. The Critic 101 

IL The Curtain 107 

HI. The FuUboaid Castle 125 

IV. The Oreen-room 226 

V. The Knight of the Silk Puroe 230 

VX. The Third Boudoir 246 

Vir. Clandia'a first Patron 250 

Vni. KingCophetus 356 

IX. An Episode 366 

X. Hi«rrima 877 

XL The Old Womua and the VTater 468 

Xn. What the Sun saw 493 

XIII. Pools and their Hone; 601 

XIV. Nunc Dimittis 605 

XV. Claudia at Horn 618 

XVI. Cup and Lip 624 

Book the Last — Falnuun qnn memit, ferat 

Chapter L For the Frosecntion 629 

„ IL "Sceptre and Crown rid la; them down" 636 

m. The Knight of the Sow's Ear 733 

„ IV. The H6tol 4Ja belle fitoilo 743 

„ V. The Gates of Home 750 

„ VL Claudia's new Studio 765 

America, Granges and Fanners' Clubs in 556 

AppaistuR, Bocket and Moitar, for saring Idfe from Shipwreck, and Volunteer 

Life Brigades 72 

Ailotto 706 

Aahantees, The 679 

Bath, Some literazr Samblinga about 27 

BroDtasiThe 64 

Casmstry of Jounulism, The 198 

Ciril Service Sopplj Association, Storj of ths 45 

Communism, A Vision of 300 

Co-opemtiTe Stores 336 

Itatch Literary Jest, An Old 666 

Dttia^Onr „ 21ft 



Edoc&tion, Fhyiical 34f 

Elementary Schoolmiatnues, LadiM u 090 

FreochPnos, The^ 411 

Oeorgia, Turkish 156 

Qiangea ftnd Farmen' Glabs in Amarioi S56 

Growth and Decay of Hind 641 

Hutoiical Pfaotognphs of Old Borne 667 

Hoora ins Library. No.VIL — ^Fope as a Moralist 583 

Hoiue-Uottoea, Tyrolese .^ 575 

Jack and the Bean-stslk 3U, 431 

Jonzn&lism, The Casniatiy of » 198 

Joiinialistai Parisian, of To-day 715 

Ladies as Elementary Schoolmistiessea 690 

literary Bomblings aboutBath ' , 27 

Litertuy Jeit, An Old Dntch 568 

Lore, My only 689 

Love, The Old 226 

Mars, The Planet: An Essay by a Whewellits 88 

Message, A 616 

Mind, Growth and Decayof. : 541 

Mont filane. Sunset on 457 

Moon, News from the , 173 

Old LoTe, The 225 

Omphale 484 

Parinan Journalists of To-day 715 

Physical Education 346 

Planet, The Ringed .,-• 386 

Pope as a Moralist — Hours in a library. No VII 683 

Press, The French 411 

Public Schools again : Thoughts of an Outsider , 605 

Knged Planet, The 285 

Socket and Mortar Apparatus for saving Life fVom Shipwreck, and Volunteer 

life Brigades 72 

Borne, Historical Kiotographs of Old 667 

Scotch (A) Theological College 207 

Soutliey, Bobert 468 - 

San-flstiing on the West Coast of Ireland 187 

Sunset on Mont Blano 467 

Turkiah Georgia 166 

Tyroleeo House-Mottoes 676 

West Coast of Ireland, Sun-flshing on the 187 


TO rux PAae 



WnxiAn Bbowv lkaxxd AOAunr am ois oak akd oabtbd a haiu is thk 

Babx 129 

"Gits us totjb kamd. V<m till kx — Yss oa No" 226 



Thb Bokb bad Hnt ocr ohb cold mobkiho ahd shot oft ris sab 385 


" WuERs, Sib, is POtrsB to am fouhd?" abkid Mb. Movledie 513 

"Coxx, KiMO," Bs said, as hx mtuna tBs hahd bhx held odt to hiu ... 618 

She took hbb sou's shafblt kaxd m hbr ottm 641 



JULY, 1878. 

t)oun0 groton. 





IB Odo-Flaotagenet-CUnsgold-KinS- 
gear-BeTfil-Wyldwyl, K.G., Dako 
or CoDrtbopfl and ReTcl, in tlio 
parage of the Um(«d Ktagdoin ; 
Slorquia of Oldmjth, Earl of 
AUswoii, and Uatou furtizoo, in 
Uie peeraije of Great Britftio ; Earl 
and Viscount Kingsbiid in tbo 
peengo of Irolond ; Eul of Win- 
gaid, in iht peersge of UcoUond ; 
and a banmet, wu natanUlj' a 
great man before iha first Befona 
Bill. He Heot eleven Members to 
Parliament, nnd persona vbu owi^d 
QTOiTthing to his patronage were 
to be foond by those «bo aongbt 
aft«r tbem, in ereiy departuont of 
State. Ue bad oncu coudescuudtHl 
to accept tbo Vice-royalty of Ire- 
land at tbo perdoaal regncst of 
tbo Princo Bcgent, vbo liked to be splendidly represented \ and bad 
been foi' a abort time a meinber of a Courtier Cabinet, wbich bad 
loyally paid some of his Royal HigbneH's debts ; bat he ««8 too mognifi- 
Tou xznu.— xo. IBS. \. 




Mot a penonogfi to care Car offio«. Ha wu ft iMder of tliat miglilf 
olignreliy vhioh eoatrailed sacceasirfl Miatstrief;, and nn parly loader 
would bavo Teutarod Lo form a gorerDmeat tvitboat counting on hif Bop- 
port or forbearauce. He led hia nomineos in the IIonHa of Coinmona to 
vote mach as they ploasdd UD questions aflecliag their priraLe iDt«rDB(i ; 
hai directly any measore was brought forward vhioh conoomod himsalf or 
the privileges of nobility in general, \m Orac«, and some doxen or two 
of Ilia personal friends, issned orders for Oa immediate witbdrawair and 
marched a compaet body of tbeir rotainora dovm to Westminridr to we 
that tho bosinMS did not go any fnrth^ir. 

Kcitlier the Bnke, nor any of hie political conneetioDfl, vera ankind 
man. Thoy kept great Etat« in tboir ooontry hoosos. Xhay waat 
nbrOAil with traina of carriages, and set the popnlaee ngape witb awe. 
Tfaey exacted an awo>striekcQ respect from orery one ftho approachi 
tbotDi in an easy onaffcoted way, jost as they exputod that even a 
Btoak, which was their favourite dish, sboold be Htred lo thom on 
plate, by a footbum in livery. Tboee it-ho paid them in fall, and 
ont haggling, all the doforoneo thoy claimed as Ihoir birthright, 
substantial leasona to bo thankful for what thoy got in rotorn. Tk. 
vas nothing out of Lbe reiaoh of the Wytdtr}*! influence. Placet 
pennons, hishopricB, commands in the army and navy, the enormon 
paid sincoores of tlie law, and the best borUis in tho Civil serr: 
whicli waa tb*u colled tho Service of tlio Crown, wers among the least of 
tho good things whiob depended on Ihclr favour; and Ibcy could 
mulish troublueomo peojilo as easily as thoy could crack tiats. £ 
one who bad dealings with them knew as a fact beyond dispotat 
concerning which oven dispute was in a mamier inexpedient, that 
ooald moke their displeasure foil when crossed too boldly. The atocka 
and the pillory were tttill in exiitteoce. A man might be whipped at the 
cart's tail by a rosolnte jndgc; and even jastlees of the pcaoe could do 
[strange Ihings, Appeals might bo made to tho higher cooris of lav 
by stubborn people, bat they were alwnys costly cmd seldom aoAeoBBftil; 
for wilnesiics wore Lo be publicly seen walking about in the nei^boorhood 
of the Old fiailey^ with straws in tiicir shoeSi as a sign that thuy wwv 
to bo hired, and a democrat who pcrsistontly made himself dl 
and refused lo mend bis inanoerH, might come to be biu>ged. 
nohillly were aflable and condescendiug wht^n ammicd, or indi 
but not a few of them liad shown at odd timea how sternly, and by w: 
auscnipoloos melfauds, Uiey could avesgo an afFroal irithoat «p 
opL-nly in tlto matter. Tho Bectiments of feiar or gratitndo 
the universal servility with which they wvn tnaM bjr 
iiol dep«ad ou n elavish tidhereuce to ancivut custom: thoy were leoUugs 
based a|i<m solid rcalilieti, and all Bensiblo porBoni were aware that 
an alyect aobsorviouefi of the whims or mterests of Ifaa he»di 
naitars of the country was tlie shurtest way to wealth and hou 
A nobleman eoold help or hurm whomsocrer he pUoscd, and if 






ni&iAt to 1)6 mlulilAToiu, tlio^ «u no owapc from lilm nt hom6 or 
ftbroad. A private nolo sml oat in a king's messouger's bug Kciared 
u mucli attention from Pripco M«Ucraicb and Fnnc« Polignne, or from 
Comit Ne89oIrodc, the Duke of CoaLroflano tind tlie It&lian cotuts, u a 
Ielt«r marked "conGileiiiial," despalcLed by momit«d express to I»rd 
GronTille or I^rd livtrpool. Somehow or other, by liook or by orook, 
disaflTccted people, howoTor canUooa, got into difficulties and never got 
onl of them. Noblemen were simpler of opinion th&l tbo world, and all 
that in it is, vas made (or them, and nothing occnrred for many yean 
to shake tb«ir faith in that belief. 

Thtt Diiktf of Coarthope. who lived at the cIobo of the firat gaartor of 
the present ccntmy, bad gone through the iiflual round of the pleastit«fl 
and pains of a daka of the period. It ttiui said that hi« joiith had been 
wild ; but thii;, if it meant anjrlhing, could only he sapposed to Bignif; 
that ho formerly was rich and Ught-hearttstl. Old Mr. Uortmtuo indeed, 
the family solicitor, vonid sometimes look graTO whon the stories of 
Iveuty years bofoio woro muntioucd in his bearing; a report had at 
one time b««n industrionsiy circulated ahont a Scotch marriage and a 
danghtflr who had myBtcrionaly diBappearcd, bat who might, noverthclaaB, 
some day bo proved hcireas to the estates wliieh mostly descended with 
the Scotch earldom of Wiognid which his Grnce bad inherited from his 
mother. But thts nunonr died ont, and the duke had long <tineo been 
married by a prelate, whom bo bad placed on the Kpiscopal Bcuch, to 
Lady Mary Overlaw, sole heiress and representative of another dake, 
whoso posterity wore named as snceessore to the crown of England, 
under certain CDnliugencicfl, by the will of Henry Vlil. It was said lu 
polite society, but it was not olwaj-s said, that tliey had one son, ft fine 
handsome young man with tho family taste for enjoyment, and that the 
dachoGg had died witbont giving birth to any other ctiildron. Other 
people, perhaps belter informed, averred that the duchesa never had a 
son at all. It did not matter mncb. The Pe^raije printed that there was 
a Puko of Courtbopo, and that was enough for polite society's jrarpoaes. 
The bereaved widower did not take his wife's death maoh to heart ; 
pcrhflpa he was othorwiso engaged, for there were many things which 
occupied hia attention just then. Ho entertained Lonis XVIII., and 
many of the French lords wbo followed him into exile, mth such 
pTtoeely eid(>ndonr that licavy charges on bis property, and troublosomo 
ities, which sahse^ently inconvenioueed his Oracu cnnHidembly, 
to take a rexatioos shape about this lime. Also he contested several 
oloetioDS to keep tho disciples of Hunt and Cobbett out of public Ufe, 
as Ucmhcrs for eonatituoncicfl which wore diepoaod to show an awkwaril 
bankcriRg alter iudepcndcnco. Notably, one Brown, a Scotch mer- 
chant, who had nmdo a fortnno from Tory hnmblc b«^inningR in the 
East Indies, opposed the duko's nominoo for a family borongb, with a 
nuieour and bitterness which seemed to arise from personal anti^'^. 
The violent goingfl-OQ of this Brown, who h&d vmi^TxdL^i^SVj \icftk^>. vnon 



l&ad ID Uie ueigbbaurliuod of oou of Uio dnko's eoUtos, iroro at lasl m6n- 
tioued to hii Grftce bj a confidentikl agont clurged with his olecUoo 
boHiness ; bat tbo dake erinoed no desire to continiie tUo eooTU-SBtioo. 
Tiie straggle, howevor, wu prolraetod with i>a«b obelinac;. that Mr. 
Broim WM half rniiiod, u>d had to set oat again apoD his travels to repair 
bis damaged fortone. Then the dnko smiled in u peeubar hard, vrjr way 
ho hod, drawing down one side of bis baadttome mouth, vhen be bod 
taken a determination ; bnt tie oerer visited tbo borough BgUDt tboQ^ 
all tba shoplceqwrs in tbo place implored him to do BO b tbe noitw of 
Injured trade. 

The latter years of bis life were passed in retirement. Ho wu old, he 
was goutj, aod even poor. ITo never qnite got oror the political ebanges 
vrbich occurred io 1831-2, and spoke of Lord Grey with great bittenieis 
fur having taken away bo innch of what belonged to him. Tbe new power 
«tiicb had been set ap in the state was money, and of that bo bad none 
at all. Mr. Brown came baek, and tamod his ovn ancle, Lord Uupart 
Wyldwyl, oat of bis Boat for Skipwortb, vrhicb poatibmt town was boiU 
within a stone'S'tbrow of bis pnrk gatos. And what was worse, be oonid 
no JoDgor punisb bis tdnantry, becaasa bo was in tbe bands of tnistew, 
and hii rents wore assigned or DQticipat«d. The past of bat n short 
while ago, when ho was all pntont, Bcomcd so far off that be somatimes 
doubtedwhetborbobadnot dreamed that hoonco wasgroat. Us, whowas 
now shelved and forgotten, while men Bpoko with bated breath of ooe 
O'ConnoIl, an obscnre Irishman, and a Krencb Cooat D'Orsay whom he 
hatl guod-humouredly paLranieed was V'lu^ of London. The only pica- 
duro left to bis Graco was that of cleaning bis cbioa, wliich oonooissearf 
ts!cemcd highly ; and feeding his peacocks uho knew bim, and pcrbape 
svmpatbised with bim, for they too were excladcd from tbo statu bui- 
(jaets of the sailor king, who bod succeeded tbo tailor king, Ot 
bo went to London for a few days, a hanker preeamed to speak 
the Duke of Conrliiopa and Iterel, a Knight of tbe Garter I His 
looked at the banker with a surprise almost pathetic, bat tbe rich 
was in no way impressed by it ; and whether il was this nnboatd-of 
potUnence, or the gout, or a constitution impaired hj tbe dinnsfS 
CarltoD House and thu Farilion, tbore soon afterwards appeared an artic 
in Tiu TiiHi-a which credited bis Grace witb all tbo virtues, and told a 
Ibonghthtss world that bo was dead. PosRibly tbe virioee may Lave 
diod with bim, to show a beooiuing reject for tbo momory of tb| 
of oar great noblu. 


WAKBnnr4i iK-TiiKMAiisn. 

Iv iLo ceutre of a sleepy villn^o on tba borders of Oifurdlhiro there : 
n buiall paUic-bottse, which was known to nil tbt rnggfavu* on lh« : 


for its Botmd bcor and sveot buy. Tho» w«re many vft^uors abont 
Uiirty-fivo ye&ra ago, nod tho " Choqaers," which appeared from a largo 
■ignboard, set in a cIuidbv framework apoo a post, to be the sign of tbo 
imi, might hare don« a good bosbeas. But Joho Gilfs, tho l&ndlocd, 
vas for ever boozing with bis euiitomera on a bench before tbu door, and 
did not keep Ter^ clear aceounts. Ho was a doll, good-natured &llo\r, 
who meant no harm to anjone; and oft^r hii wifo di«d there woa no 
one to see bto hia gains. If ho had his dinner ready at one o'clock, 
and a brown jug of mild ale »t bis olbow all day, ho tboQgbt there was no need 
to troDble himself abont anything elso. A girl, who was said to bo his 
wife's niooe, kept these domestic arrangomenta in remarkably good onlor, 
nod there was no one else on the premisos bat a contented ostler, wbo held 
bii tongne whencTor he conld do so wilhont offence, and did bis work 
in a aatiiifactory manner, thoagh not bruqUy ; for whatcrer be might happi^n 
to be nbont, bis oyee seemed to bo alwayn wandering in search uf the gtrl, 
who eridently gave blm subjects of reOeotion too dovp for wordti. His 
name was Tom nrown, and ho too was a connection of the deceased 
londUdy, for she had taken euro to p«oplo tho inu before her dopartnrc, 
thoQgh she left no children of her own. He came from Nortbnmberlnnd, 
and hod a deal of north-coantry shrewdness under his stolid looks. 

The girt was known aa Madge Giles for ovor^'-day porpoces. Tho 
corate, bowever, called her ' Miss Margaret,' and she langhed at bira 
for doing (to, bnt wah serTotlj pleated ; and it was pretty onongh to see 
bo>r come onf domnrely when ha was likely to pasa that way, and btusb 
to hear heraelf treated with so much respect. All that was known with 
certainty abont her, was that her mother had arrired some nineteen yenr^ 
before at the *' Chequers " in a state of niter destitutiim, and had died soon 
after her birth. Such incideiits are common enough among the poor, 
and if perhaps the gosMips formed their own conclnsiona^ tho Giles's were 
decent folk, and there was no coll to worry them with bad words about 
it. So the orphan child grew up to womanhood about the hooBSi made 
herself useful, and John Giles, who was nMually in a haxy state, thoaght 
that very likely she was a daughter he and bli wife had had withont 
knowing it. Madge ealled him father, and things wore very well aa they 
were. She was extraordinarily beftntifat, and e<]nally ignorant ; a perfect 
type of bodily perfection uninformed by a mind; an Knglish peasant 
^1 with no memcn'y, no clear ideas about anything. She oould reeolloct 
that there was a pnddtng for dinner last ChristnuB-day, and that sbe 
had fallen into tbo Are when a child ; bnt nhe could not remember any- 
thing that was said io her yesterday, nnless it directly concerned hersi'lf. 
She oonld not read or write, or count np to twenty without blundering, 
and oonld not tell the way to tho next town, tbongh carts and coaebos 
going thither passed the inn many times daily. It would bare been 
impomblo to explain the commonest thing to her ; and she conlrl not pro- 
BOnnoatliAnameevenof her friend the cnrate. She ealled bim "t* parson," 
wbere«£ he appeared m the Clergy List as Ihe Bererend Mannaduke 


Uowlody. Sho waa a lovoly animal, a koghuig, ainguie, cooldDg, 
aDtmrU ; and wbon Mr. MowMy thougbt of her, u hd rerj ofi«ii did, b» 1 
sometimes wondered whether wo are (dl bora with a Bonl, or whether m 
nttoin to a soul ooly throagh prarer and Borrow. 

It was OS a gnaty aflorsouo, lato in Octobor, whtn woods ard goldea 
oud drer; wind «catt«r8 its'^foiry trcasord tipon tho oarth,, thut a V*^ 
of obwna wcrti seat«d on tho rusUo beocbcs bofbni Lba rond-Bido ion. 
They wero diiukiag doop draugbtti of strong bct-r, uid euUng bread and 
baeoD np(m Uuir thumbs. Now and then th«y threw a iparo word to oaeh 
other botwcouwbitos, or a scrap of their food to tbo doga who guarded Iboir 
loads from tramps or gipniee. and who waited very iut«Ilig«att> and 
patiently, looking up at thom with wistful eyes. From timo to tine ■ load 
laagh went oS amoug thi^ni Ulio the crock of a waggoner's whip at aoma 
tola of the road ; but they wuro not a jocoUr eet. When they had eaten 
their sapper they uaualiy idoucbed otT one by one. and with a prolonged 
" GcC'Wo, Dobbin I " to the leader of their team, went lumbering on ihoir 
woy. At last there only remained one or two Hteody topera, Harry Jii 
tho bhtcksmitb, Mr. Joyce the scitoo, and tho Landlord, whoAe minds 
pcraona were couslaaUy io souk, n-ilbout appearing erer to get wet throat 
Night, sometimas so merciful, sometimoa bo full of puo and 
nnd heavy with tbo birth of trouble, came slowly over the laodsoape 
C^ows and oxen were drircn borne from puture, nnd one by one the 
lights began to ahiuo in cottage windowg. It was hardly a time tu be 
obroad. The sun, aft«r hiding it«elf all day, had fitfully brukeu out on 
hour ago, and left the sky red and aogiy. Dark oloods were mlliiig up 
in Titouio shapes from the west, nod a few heary drops of nin f^^.ll 
the sullen manner which forebodes a storm. 

J3r. Jriyce, the eexton, a spare little man who aeeated to bave no root 
aboat him tor tbe mighty tfuikards of alo ho imbibod, and who looked 
grave and respectable after bo had disposed of them that peoplo wers 
inclined to belJeTO some one else must have got tip«y in his place, com* 
menced fooibling Grst in the ample flaps of his broad black coat, and then 
in tho pockets of an extremely narrow pair of drab breechas, bat without 
rosolt. His gailcn had do pockets ; perhaps ho thongbt he might 
some in his hat, for he took it off wiUi a puzTilod air ; but only a 
and yellow cotton hamlkorchief foil oat. 

" Ah," said 21t. Joycv, allf irtively, " I do flee how it be agiu. My 
'oman's a took all the money, and a put un' in her ould etockin', 
abo hare. Do 'ee chark up three pintu, Madge. PU pay next berryin'.^ 
" That he otHoe pints a« oi ba' dra'ad fur ye, bcxIod, wi' mo own 'ana, 
ilo' fower a dock," anawered ^fadge, who came oat in reply to his c^ 
Ffihii was seldom asleep abonL a reckoning. 

•* Noino pints, as I'm * mon, Mr. Joyc^," roared the bhvrkimitb. 
" So it be, wcQvb ; so it be." 

" Koa, it hain't," retaraed the eostoo. " I ha' dnmk lammut wi! , 
Jolm Giloi, far company, bat it don't couit. Do it, Jdin ? " 

TOUNO Bnows. 

Th« lAodtord b«iog Uios itpp«Al«d to, tried tot a fev minatM to got 

nt Rom« Tind«i8UndlDg of tbo sQhj«ct npna nhich hia deeiaion wss uk«d, 
bat finding it all drowned, pul down his pipo, Uint liod gona oat in ths 
proeeu, ukd etolidlj Ivt Eall the words " nuff s«d," 

" John GHcB doan'l & waste on'a tftlk, /t« doan't, blndcBtaitb; be spaket 
to tbo pint, Uiat bo do. So I alius eattli, no' eo dotb partoa," remiirlud 
ill. Joyce, wboBQ language bad a faint Biblicsd Saroor about it wbeuoror 
ho wanted to get decently ont of a diffiealtjr. Sfor«OTcr, tbo rural mind 
is erer rend; with a bit of flattery for a crony who bos anytblug to givo 
away, and it is i^oito a mJatake to xupposv that sycopbancy is conGnad 
to li)« upper claasM. John Gilos bbcd figs ag well «s any king, and 
Mr. Jotrce baring giren bim aewoet ono, bobblod bome, omitting a cbocklo 
as heartfelt as escnpos from tbo breast of ao «xpttrteQced courtier who 
has eomplim«uted Ibo Piiiico vt Monaco oot of a placo in tbo booM- 
bold. Whother sucb things are worth baving, depends on tbo esteem 
in wbidi u m&a holdis beur and wina and staall cbango. 

Tbo blaeksmitb rote with a javq, 8tr«t«1iod hia greal limbs, emptJ4}d 
hia jog to tbo laft drop luid prepared to follow Uio sextoa^ when bo 
dolicod something eoming alowly down the lano at a little diataDCo. 
Pirsl it appeared like a red ipeek glnncing Ibrongb the trees, and behind 
tt followed an object gnnnt and shadowy, which dropped as it moved. 
The blacksmith bad good oyee, and after watebiog these things for 
gOTeral mioittes, be remarked U> Ibe ostler, who was looking after 
Madge, aa be pot away his pail for the night, — 

" There be wan of tbem there red eoaatfl yonder, Totn, a leadin' of n 
lame 'oss, which bare a broak down, to my mind. Maybe 'an oa'y wanU 
a shoe on, and I'll go down an' blow np the fire to moke ready for 'nn. 
I'd as lief earn a shillia' aa not." And the blackiumtb, thinking be bad 
made a joke, gare out a laoglt like the sound of a banuner upon an anvit 

On came the red-coat, with his horse toiling painfully af^er him, 
post the quiet mill, past the roetory, which bud not been inhabited 
within liring memory (the beuefioo to which it belonged being under 
setjaaslralion, and the rector in the King's Bench prison), past the 
ehnroli wbieb stood rloee by, past the etagnant pond, and the pound, 
wfaue a tinker's donkey looked hungry and discooKolate enoogb. At 
last the dismounted horseman slopped before the inn door, and as he 
did so the old Rtgnboard of tbo " Chcipiers " creaked as it swung on 
its binges in the autamn wind, and the rain fell faster, as tboagb the 
storm bad burgt through the otoad-gates that bad bitberlo restrained it. 

"Ostler I" sud the huntsman, in a pleasant hot rather peremptory 
tone, "pot np this borro, be has sprang a anew, and muke bim com- 
fortable. Ijandlord, let me bave a glass of your best ale, and I shall 
want a )^'g to go en to Drosington." 
I I Xbe landlord repeated tbo word "gig/' aa who ebonld say, "It it 
an wry well to want a gig, bnt wb«r« am I to find one 7 " and the rain 
hibad tbo road fastor and Cuter. 


TtOUNG mto\ra. 

Moanthne, llie bantsman had strode careleesl; into tho boaae, whip 
in band, a splendid and aohh fignrc of a man. H« iraa tail and atrtigfat^ 
with vell-cat faatarea, a eolnnr frnnli from health and oxerclM, aod dark 
hair ctnliog graeefally raood his temples. He had floog himaoir on a 
wooden chair be«ide the kitchen firo, and was hamming a tuna m a 
clear atrong Toice, not unmuHical, when Margaret Giles brought in aomi 
beer, and he looked ap at ber. He drank a deep dranght, for ho waa 
thiratj afler a long day with the Clondeadale hounda, which was the 
famooe pa^k in those parts ; then ho fixed hin large merry ayta again 
tbo girl, and said. " AVhat's yonr name. Mar;* ? " 

"Madge bo mo}* ceam, xar," replied tlio girl, blnshing. "It haio* 
Mary, aa I knows on." 

" Madge is a very pretty name," anawcred Iho buntemiin, laaghtog,^ 
and showing a »et o( line aflofal toeth ; whun Tom ChUor pot a atop to 
the conrcrsAtion, and pnllinf^ his hair in front na a token of reepecl, Ihoogh 
be did not seem to welcome Iho stranger's arrirul vary eardlallj, 
addntscd tbo himtsman to this wiao : 

*' Afaster do suy as how yoe do want a gig, xar ? " 

"Ah," replied the stranger, good-hamoorcdly, and apparently tkoIJ 
lecting aomotbing ho had forgotten. " Yee. I want a gig. Fat to al 
once, will yon ? " 

" Wo am't got no gig," remarked Tom Ostler, with risible reluetanee^ 
hat tfaere'a a waggon not far down the road aa alius atopa a hit at tbo 
' Barley Mow,' 'hont two mile on. Ye can catch 'an np, zur, if ye run for'L,'* 

"Thank yon," answered the hnntaman, throwing bimaolf back in his 
chair, with an amnaed yawn. *' I can't run after a waggon, bat yon can 
fetch it hack on yonr ehonldere, and Madge can make me Dp a bod 
there." He Inagbed more after this, and bis langhter was so joyona that 
Madge hraghed too, and Tom Oetler grinned, wonderiug what it wai 
abont Be did not nnderetand how anybody conld see the fan of sl»epui( 
in a waggon while there was a diy hayloft, bat he did not say so, beoauM^ 
hia words had got maty from disaae and woald not eome oat of him taaOfi 

The hnntaman, finding Tom did not move, bat stood staring at! 
and Madge, walked whisUing lowarda the window and looked oat. It' 
was ({oite dark, and the fltonn now raged with the fnry of od oqainoeUal 
gale. Behind him wan the mddy glow of the inn fire, and Madge, who 
waa bosy getting ready the landlord's supper. It bad a hangiy em«D,j 
that sapper, and the hantsman began to think a good deal about U 
PreaenUy he tamed ronnd sharply, cast an impatient glance at Toml 
OstUv, tapped the denl'a tattoo on the small diamood-ahapod panes of Iba 
inn windows, and then asked Madge if be coald bare a fire in a prirato 
room, some dinner, and a bed for the night. 

^V'bat was it posaeesed tbo girl as she answereil meohanieally, '' Yee T ** 
[jhe felt frightened after she bad said it. No traveller bad ontr' 
before reqaired a dinner and a bed at the " Chaqners," bat it was a larg« 
rambling boose, aod then were aeforal spare rooms wbi^ were oent 



wanted. Bbo coold light a firo in one of tliem, and put boom cldon shactfl, 
of which ehe kftd a tnrge store, on a bed in another. It VM not wry 
bard work to set abont this, and Ibe stranger iraald be gone next tnomiDg. 
Her idea of a dinner was eggs and baoon with fried eelf , vrbich ware plen- 
tifal aboat there, and potatoes. It in ncA a very bad one. There were 
balf-a'doE«n 6itcbeB baoging in the inn kitchen, plenty of eggs, and lire 
eels enoogb and to spare In the tank : so an honr later the bandsomo 
genUeman, comfortably boased and fed, wag ilor-ing liefore a fire of his nn-n, 
with bis boots off and his slippnvd feet npon the fender. 


The ■RoADsiDK Itni. 

The blacksmith bad orderod aaother jag of beor to moisten gossip, 
and had sat down to Boi>per witb John OileS, to talk about the tttratig«r 
and his horse. 

" I hav« heered," said the blacksmitli, roTorontially, " that such big 
blood 'oases as that there jooder do cost a'most a fortin." 

*■ Depeoda on what 'eo call a fortio," remarked John Giles, who had 
a dosty reeollection that soma oaa had told bim his browors were worth a 
htmdrod thooMUid pounds. " A josb can't cost a fortin. Hairy." 

" lie do,*'replied Mr. Jinks, firmly; "my brother noo a mon as lircd 
down aw%y somewberes in Leicegterahire, and as told 'ua as how Sir 
Franois Bordett paid a matter o' seven hundred pouad for a yosa tboy 
called ' Samson: ' be wom'C such a strapper &k this one, by all oeeaflnts," 
and the blacksmith hit the table nitb a thump. £Teiy one talked of Sir 
FnocU Bitrdett in those daTs, and his name was a hooeefaold word from 
ono end of England to tho other. 

" Why, that there 'men shoea an' hie saddle nn' bridle cost as much 
OS I earns in six months," continued the blacksmith after a pause. 

" Yoa eoma a good bit in six months," returned the landlord, nnablo 
to grasp afaot so tmfamiliar to hia experience. "A bit of iron an* n 
scrap of pigskin can't be wnth much." 

" Tbem there shoes be made of gan-barr'ts, they bo ; an' the saddles 
come all the way from lugy," said the blackiuuitb, who was oowiUlng to 
relinqaiab a marvel when he hod got fairly bold of it, and liked to make 
it ai wonderful as poesiblo, JDst as ha made a shapely shoe with hia 
hammer and tonga. 

Madge sat in a comer of the inn kitchen drinking in these wordi:, 
and the blackRmitb, hoeoming conscious, by the ma^ctie inflnonce of 
aympatby. that he had a willing liatotter somowbero in tho noigbboorhood, 
would bare held forth much longer ; but a steady series of snores, 
which began about this time to iasuo from the landlord, put bim 
oat in his narrative. The candle flared low in its socket nt the same 



time, and vained hbi it vu gro«Iug late ; so be eaid " good-nigbi " ftni 
voDt boDio tu l>(<il. JoUn Giles, being Uien avskeoed hy Ibe Eoililea 
»il«iUM, got ap. rubbed ItU e;«s drowsilv, aud bariug niiiltorfid aom»(bu 
aboat DIDO o'clock, toddlod off to tcbc oIbo. 

Tho girl Bat some tints longer by the kltebeu fire, thinhing ot 
kaow not wbat, bat thioluDg vwy dotpiy. It vna joara all«rwiiril« that 
«]]« beouae ronsoioaa of iha Ihoagbts -ivhicb bad passed Ihrou^ bar 
mind 08 ibe Mt that oigbt wilb ber noglactcd needlework in ber lap, b^ 
eytt fixed on tbo pioturoa <«rbicb grew oat of tbe living coabi, and "wl 
porbaps first aronscd hor torpid fancy. She moBt bn^e beon cdtting 
morfl tban no bour wbon Tom Brown, with a lastem in bis hand, 
bimiieir bftlf throogh tbe doorway, and breathed bard. Bnt tba gtjl, 
apparently unaware of bis proecDoe, did not move, so abturbod waa tb* 
in ber waluog dream. Wbat bod como over ber sinee tbe morniog? 
Sbe seemed far nwny from bim ; ibero was somotbing fitraogo and diftaDt 
in ber manner, like that of one wbo belonged to another order of area^oe; 
and tbe bonest fellow become eonscioos of an inferioritj be bad naw 
fait before. Slill there was an infinite teodomeM on bis Cace wbiofa n* 
iiitcd his coarse features, and gate an nntangbt graee to bis moTemenlai 
as ho eantioooly approacheil her, nnwilling to intrude so meaa s thing m 
himself upon bor thoagbts; bat presently bo spoko, and thoogh what be 
Raid was very homely, hhi Toic« aoande<l kindly and firm, oa that of a pn*- 
tccLor who would shield ber from harm with bis Uftf. if neeils were. 

" I be for to carry eammnt writ oa peenper into toun yonder," saiA] 

" Be ye 7 " answered Sfodge, impassiTcly, and atQl looktog at LIm fii 

" It be fnr bim as be upstairs," continued Tom, jerking in thai di- 
rortion with his thnmb ; " an' it 1»e matter o' a daxzen mile on «ad. 
I ahara't he back afore mamin." ' 

"It bain 't no odds," said tbe girl, still motionloM and abseol- 

" Yq bain't afecrd, be ye, Madge 9 " mqnired Tom, pntling down hi»_ 
lantern. " If ye be, I wuo't go, On'y say the word, I wnn't go." 

" Wbat shad oi be feerd on ? " answered tho girl^ angry at 
Jistorbod io bor roverio. 

"NouKht as 1 knows oo," replied Tom, scratching Ub bead. 
though unconrinr^d by hia own reasoning ; and he pasMd into the 
darkness notsids. Tho sonod of bis elnmsy etepa, aa ho plashed 
throngh the Hlorm, were beard for a few minutvs, and then aU wss 
■till, sare the monotonous ticking of the Dutch clock od tho kitehee 
wall, tho ehirp of the cricket oo tbe hearth, and tbe horn of mlaBoa (n 
tho air. 

Madgo tben remembered that she bad not cleared away tba atraikger** 
diuoer, and went to do so. Sba foond bim bat aaleep in a larg« ano- 
cbair, which bad not been filled sine* bar fiHter-raotber'a deatli. Tb« 
dying embers smonldared in ihs grate, and tba eandles gave a fitfiil light 



na tbej barut down in Ihoir sookoU. Sho did not Uko to wako tha 
slaap«r, uid uKw)l foreoms Lima irretolute vtbether to sUy or go Awty, 
Tha splendid appointmants of a gentleman of fashion, boloD^ng to a 
generatioQ somewhat more m^nidoent Uum llut wltieb has gocoMded it. 
were 8Cftlter«d carelvsal/ aboat tho rcoui. Tho masstto linadlo of bis 
hnnting-whip shona liko pore gold, and tho lub, which Ixnilcd along th« 
Oftkon fioor, was aa whito as a streak of snow. Ha had cub off Ibo foct 
of his hanting-hools to make sUpperi. aod thrown the tops asidv. 
Thcro the}' l^y in tlie coal-scntUo, with th«ir glittering silver spnra tossed 
all awrj bendo tbcm. A gold wal«b, richly chased with a coronet aod 
cipher in brilliauts, and a massira cliain, was on tho umuUI-pieoe, and 
it seemed to Madge a9 if these brilliaota were dtopa of water. Sha 
tried noiselessly to wipe them off, nnil fonnd thnt they were hiu-d. Than 
sUe rememhcFcd that nhe had heiinl of diamonds, which vere said to be 
of inesUmablo value, and she looked at them with a girl's oamwity, 
turning them in the li^bt and marveUiog at their flaahes. She was very 
near to him now, bat ho did not woke. One of his feet rcbted on tho 
feader; the other was Qaog ov«r an arm of the chair, and its clipper had 
dropped off. She had neTer seen each aioall feet, and she noticed, witL a 
woman's eye for finer}', that llio stockings on them were of white silk. 
Still he elcpt on, ond she grew bolder. She weot to the table to see 
what be had oaten, nnd fonnd to her astonishment lliat tho fried bacon 
was left notoacbed, and that he mnst luiro managed bis eels with a fork, 
for tho knives were all qnito clean. Then she looked again to see if he 
were yet awnke, hnt he nltpt on, ntid she bcotmc fascinated &n she 
looked. He was very stately and handsome, «'ith his scarlet coat aud 
poarl grey waistcoat, and tho blao silk neckerchief half auLied abont his 
neck. Hifl long hair, blaok as a raven'R wing, and worn in loTO-lofika 
neeordiog to the fashion of the day, fell over a furehcad white as ivory, 
and the rings on ooo of his Lands, which drooped oegligeotty beside him, 
glanced and sparkled like living things. The girl wba spell-bonnd, and 
abo could hear Uu leiatiog of her own heart as she stood thore, a&aid to 
atJiy, afraid to go away, and by-and-by afraid to more. 

It any ob»erv«!r, iniprt'sited vHh the theory of nice, bod been at the 
" Chequers " inn that night, he wotUd have boea strock by a cotain roeom.- 
bluoe which might be traced between this village girl and the young 
Lootsman. He wag dark, and she was fair ; hot there was a likenees in 
tkeir feainrpB : the eame abort upper lip and almond-shaped purple 
eye ; the same fall, well>cut mouth and strong choek, with a pectdior 
dimple on the chin, whieh was rather soft and weak in its oatUne. 
They had evon the same tom^s in their Toicc!), and the same tricks of 
muvumtut. They had both the same small, baoghty head, which thoy 
threw bock at tinuM in the same way ; the same shapely Lands and feet, the 
some norvoas limbs. The finer generations of animals resemble each other 
in this way ; why should not the finer goneratious of men and women ? 
For, after all, their resemblance was only that whii:h a poblo work oC vcV^ 



brooglit to the highest pitch of iwrfeetioD, may bear to aDotber work of art 
eqaolly finUhed; and ;et this yoanf; man and woman, who ivoald bar* 
seeoMM) to a eenlptor u ideal types of a splendidly matched pair, yrexo 
peer of Eoglaod ftnd a poor ponsant moid. 

At length the 8leep«r slitred noengtiy in his ohatr, as tboDfjIi 
careless dream bad d^nrbod bim, and be woka abntptly. 

■' What, Uadgo, my girl t " said be, passing one of bis jowalled bonds 
erer Uio»e bright oy»« of bis. " Why, wbat'g o'clock ? I am afraid 
bsTo kept yon oot of bed to an nnconsetosablo bonr. By Joto 
Z declaro it is nearly midnight. Bring mo a candle, my dear." 

Bbe did not understand what he «iid to ber. Her only idea was to. 
eeeape, and she bnrried airay trembling. Bnt be follomd bor, 
eangbt her by the band. "Madge, Madge t " be svd. "Yoa 
boiler, what is the matter 9 " And, for the first time, the stranger 
MAdgfi nith flomo of that eompIaeeQcj vbieh Grand Tnrli<i ore aecuBtomed 
to beetov on maidena vbom thoy delight to bonanr, and wbicb was imi* 
tat«d pretty aaccessfoUy in their deelluga with country chamber-maids 
by the yonng nobles of forty year* ago. 

Hho tnmed ber eyes siray from him at last, and fait ready lo 
Be released ber, and she felt Teied and ashamed of herself. 

" Fetch mo another candle, my dear," be said coolly, "and 
me my bedroom. I mast b« np and away early." 

8he bad never thought of that. She wonld bare ran a mile in the 
rain barefooted rntbor than retom to him, yet she tbongbt of bis going 
away with a sharp paog at the heart. 

The Stran^r obserred thifl, for indeed ho had a sharp eye in all that 
coaL-emed the iroakaosses of the adverse sex towards himsolt H« smiled, 
not nnSattcred that ho sboold have brought down an inn-maid at a glance, 
neither more nor less than a titled lady at Almack's. Then he drew her 
near to bim composedly, glided his arm ronnd hor waist and said : " What 
a pretty girl yoa are. Madgo I you must mako the fortune of each a place 
ng this. I give you my honour if I were a bumpkin I should bo tippling 
Htout downstairs all day ao as to have it drawn by yon." He laughed 
with A gallantry which would have iroosported a eonnteaSf lifted bar dhin 
with hia forefinger, and pressed a light kiss on ber cheek. Sbe qnirerecl^ 
from bead to Eoot, disengaged horself from bis cmbraco with a stifled ery^ 
and fled. 

cn AFTER rv. 


Poor {prl I one of Iba many who have tboagbt they could lake carv 
themsatvas I What had she done that a whirlwind should sweep over 1 
ynimg lifu ia this fashion 7 bat for the mattar of that, what boa the wil^ 
rose-bud done, which baa asked of Qod nothing bat a little dew aud ai 



of Banligbt, um) which tbo first gale blowa torn uid soiled into tiio olaj f 
Madgo had that rough knowledge of right and wrong which m&; lark 
inboro in lbo«e who haTe been neTcr preached to and noTer taogbt. She 
would liavo defended herself agabst tlie mde rODrtsbip of ploaghboyn or 
the ambigiloaB jests of tips; pedlars; bnl where was the training Hut 
conld bftTe st«eled h«r igunst a being who was t^ tmlike the other men 
she bad ever soon as day is oppoeito to night — a being who had paralyzed 
h«r facntties as UgUtnmg might do, blinding all her perceptions of good 
and evil and learing hor no power of reflection or resifltaDca ? His voice 
was ftoflcr and sweeter than any woman's aha had heard ; his ores were a 
ma^e in tfaenudres ; the practical arts of a wooer were so faciuliar to 
bim UiAt bo could fill a poor girl's bead with fiuicies as iotoxicatang as 
eow-prcsaod wine. In struggles like thcM, tbo conditions of the contest 
aro Dot bvoa. When Kducatiou is pitted against Ignuranco, Craft against 
Simplicity, Strength against Weakness, bearen alone can help the fallen. 

That ni^t, when cTorybody else in the boose slept, Madge eroiubed 
in the darkness dout the empty grata of the kitchen. The wind moaoed 
voirdlj ont«i(te as if in pain ; the windows creaked in their Ivnden frames 
(ind the falling of the rain conlinncd, eeaseless, monotonoQs and hard. 
Bat Madge was absent from all present sigbta and soonds, and fell ioto 
a kind of trftnce, whicJi was neither sleep nor waking. Vfhj was it 
that for tbo (irat tim<? in her life fhe now Ibongbt of her mother, and tried 
to recall an imago she had Doror aeon from out of the shadows thai 
thiokened roond her ? In the ebnrcbyard there went tombs and over the 
tombfl gmw flowers, and when tbo spring breozcs gently stirred the waving 
trc««, white blossMns fell in bandfals oror tho grassy mounds, whilst birds 
sang above a« if nothing but joy and peace eottld iniiabit tbo garden 
which old men called Ood's aero. And the parson seid thefle graves were 
simply resting places — soft beds where the weary lay iu qaiet tilt Christ 
came and led them by the band to a kingdom where there was no labonr 
and no sorrow. Sbe wondered whother her mother wan an angel and 
talked about her with the other angels, all In pure robes and crowned with 
gold? If she could only see her mother once — for a single instant — she 
who had nevpr known a molb(>r, nhu could whisper to her — something I 
For God would believe her mother. If Ho was angry with A^ now Ho 
wonld know that angels can only speak the truth, and for bor mother's 
sake He would take from hor heart tho toad ho had just put there, aad 
vhieb was omsbing her — He alone knew bow cruelly ! Disjointed frag- 
ments of prayers came back to her roeollcotiou, prayers of which she had 
never beforo comprohoudod the meaning: " Oar Father." "OQodoar 
Heavenly Father." . . . Ood was sometbint^ more than God then, and 
lb« panisbor of sinners ; be was Father I She staggered to her feet, 
stretched bor hands in front of her and wailed : '*2biwther, mawtlier I 
tell bim it was none moy bnlt I He knows it wasn't " — Iheo fell forward 
on bor kiwM with her fitoe against the ground and sobbed pitifully . . . 

Hoon posud, and slw hod erept again near the fonder, with hor 



limb<s DumbAil, ber bo^jT Lrembltng, aud bw feva«d head tMting on bar 
carrel arm. But the misU bad aomohow cleared. A Ewft masie of belli 
rippled tiurougb Hummor air ; tboro was a Eragrancs of rosea ; the twlb 
8oaad«d nearer; and lirdj swir^tl ohirpiiig towardi a altj m bliu, bright, 
ud vorm I Tba obnrch was l^fore bcr ; its doors stood opes, and cfovds 
voM horryiug in, bat Lboy vara not dud and women. The grrnvoa wKtaod 
to baT« giren up tbeir sleepers, Hud Bpotlws troops of angola, witb Iha 
unilea of cbildnn, beckoned her to follow them to an altar sbining witii 
tigbtfl moro than could be Dumborod. Then bymua oprose, first tmix* 
mored, then slowly and sweatl^ svclliog till they filled tbu chnreh. Tlun 
oUur angels appeared iritb braacbos and Uliu, wtucb they Btnwed npoD 
bor path ; and an onsecn band took bera and drew bei to the nllor 
where idie bad smu brides \tfd, and where now awaitod bar viUi a boaa 
of vAlcome tho man who had fired her poor dcaolate aoal with the paaaion I 
of loTD. . . . She would hnro Song bcraelf in bis arma, but oome- 
LIuDg restrainsd bcr. mid tboj- knoU together — the pladgiog bersell to be 
Cailbfol and obedient to bim ; be Tcwing to love, honour, and goard lug 
aU bis days. And tbo wh3fl the bella ehimed merrilj, the organ peuled 
its boBait notos ; and aba, looking at bcrsclT. saw that tbo was arrayed 
in white like the othoni, for Qod bad clothed her in Ilis garb of 
innoooDcy. . . . 

How long she lay in that uaconscioas sUtto, which is part doatb. part 
life, elie rocld never gaess ; bnt during weeks and montbs niWwArds 8b* 
jntinncd to start in her aloop, mingling tho risioaa of this one fiitofa] 
gbt with tba iadisUneUy remembered rcalitj. Whsn she riwovered bar 
iM« the darkness had faded. Two obliqna rays of light w^ra falling 
throngb the opeoiogB in the abntlors ; the wind had Inllcd, and tho raia 
oiitsido had ceased. A large cat, which had been prowling about in 
search of mice, started at her first movement and nuhed away with a 
clatter over tba coala in a conier» caasing bar to sit np on the gronnd 
terrified, and to utter a seroam. Bnt nobody beard bar ; and she pressed 
ber banda to ber aching forehead, to recollect where she was, and why 
she had come there. All she evokod wns a doll throbbing at tba temples ; 
and she Jbond ber limbs crampod and racked with pain. Meeba-i 
aically she rolled up a tress of her hair which had fallen loose ovw b< 
shoaldem, and inoohoren'Jy repeated to herself enatcbes of the tlua^i^ 
she bad dreamed, trying to sift them &om Ihe facts which had reaUy^ 
happened. The effort waa too much for ber in&nt brain, nnaccnstomed ' 
reaaon aave on things actual and visible, and too weak to reflect much oven ' 
on them. A stupe&ed and bewildered expression settled va bur face ; and 
there she rcnutioed sitting and hearkening tremnloosly to eveiy sound, till j 
she beard the iimt waggoner on tho road draw up bis team and about forj 
breakfast. It most have been nearly six o'clock iu the moruiu)( Ibeu, fbr^ j 
opon the extromo edge of the horizon, towards the river, tho aatamn' 
dawn broke dim and grey ; and the waggoner complimented bcr tot 
afiwt and ahoat so early. 





It mky h&T« bMQ ioida two honrs after tfiis, thai is hbont eight 
o'clock, when ihete ma a gnat commoUon in the viUtgo. It was CAtiaed 
by tlia uriTal of a four-borse coacb, oo which wore sottiHl five pdopla; 
and Rteh a coach and such people had seldom been s«cn in tbosc parts 
btiforo. It was a glittering painted thing with a dork hluo body, almost 
t^Iaclc, and red wheels. It was drawn by throe tlioroogh-brM che«tuuts 
and A grey. Tbo grey went a little tender on his off fore foot, bat mado 
II smart appoaranco nevertheless. Ths hones had rofiotlesand gtrcamera 
at their earv, and their bamess jioglod grandly as tboy tossed their bcada 
ftnd snort«d along tho road, tifUng their knees np to their noses. They 
wero drirea by a shrewd-looldng man, of some fiToond-thirty years old, 
very clean luilt, and tight about the legs. lie might have been a feather- 
weight when he was young, and now weighed »t mo«l eight stoDe. He 
was dr*s«od in blaclc from lop to toe, brvo for a wbita nocTtcrchicf very 
neatly folded, confined by a horseehoe gold pin, and a scarlet ondor- 

On the hind ecat ware twn grooms, like ibo Hervants ont of livery 
belonging to a great eEtablishmcot. They wore short black eoats, wbitn 
cravats, backskin breeches, and top-boots. They bad cockades in their 
hats, which then really betokoncd that their master was an officer of the 
Crown, and they wero as noat as new pins upon a fair-day. The third 
person was an impudi?ut lad, dressed in a drab ja<-kct and overalls, with a 
Scotch cap oa hia bend. Ha had a complete suit of horse clothing beside 
him, marked with a dake's coronet and the c,vpher " C. & It." Ho sat 
on the seat behind tbn driver, and amnsed himaelf \>y aqnintlng and 
making faces. 

Beside the driver on the box was a fat, oily man, wbo used a grottt 
deal of i>oiuatnm, and whoM garments of many colours tiat alillly upon 
him, as thongh they bad come straight from Lbo tailnr'ft. The small tips 
of his large jean boots were varnished, his vrhite but was glossy. He was 
Tanushedaad gloesy all over. His gloves wero white and tight, his ont- 
side coat was white and loose, his inner coat was blao, with gilt buttons. 
There were two monstrons pins in hia long flowered satin cravat, and 
eh&ina of gold, fresh burnished, dangled nil about bim. He held a esDe, 
with an agate knob mrronnded hy garnets, in hisgrcAt-coat pocket. 

The Doaehmao, who bandied bis cattle very neatly, bronght them 
cleverly up before the inn door, and one of Ibe grooms behind, xwiiiging 
briskly down from bis sfat as tboy stopped, ran a (ew stepe, lonebed his 
bat, from habit, for there was no one near, and called out sharply, " Is 
tbeI>ook ?" 

" All right, Bin," said the etad groom on the box, for that was the 
rank bo held in n noblemian's household. " Uli Orace is here. There's 



the l)ig bsy hoss sbakiag biseclf amoag tho dtickfl aa' gMW. Hi I girl« 
bring tu Mme rnm u»I milk. Tbeweocb loolut like ftghoct." 

Tbia lest obscrmtion wiis aildrcBsnl to Madge, who stared ai Uu 
gUUeriog eqnipBgo with feeliogs onl;^ kuowo to herself. 

The (aI man in Ibe whit« coftt now ilescecded neiT0Qsl3r irom tho box, 
Qukiog bin fiwUioIi] Indinronaly scenre at every stop, pD(Ei>d bimaelf out, 
put tbo koob of Lis caoe in hia moath tbougblfuUy, and stralUd bto tbe 
inn parloar. Then be Rtrntted out again, baring found nothing. 

*' Where's tbe Dake " — faehnd joRtbcgnntosa^witheonioiinportaaM, 
wbao tbe stud groom glancod gtiietlj down from tbo box at him, and 
obMiTcdin aaond^r-tooe, "There's bis Grace looking out atror from tbe 
winder, Mr. Sbarpo." 

Tbo fat man eoemod to grow emoller whoo he board this, au i bis nntig 
featitrefl put on an air of pri-oipilato bnmilitr. Ho look ofT bis f'l.iny hat 
with a rringing air and bowed to the ground, while tbe young bttntnoaa 
of tho duj before collod to him in tones of aetoDisbmcnt nod dupleamrot 
not ttomixod witb anxiety, "Hullo, Sharpe, I thonght yon mm kt 
Doneaster. I told yon to go yueiorday." i 

" Game's up, your Oraco, Tipeter'a lot bad cat the gmsa under my fe©l."l 

" Tt9 devil thoy bad. Tbey mnut' hftve naed a Bcytbo then, and I 
loBO ibirty tbon' again witb yon eonfonnded bookmakers. William, ftoud np 
Lafloor witb my clothes, and keep the team moving. I shall be down fai 
an bonr." 

" .\II rigbti your Grace," answered Uio man on the box, toaohing his 
bat. " Mr. Sharpe. wake np Massheer Leflore inside, will yoo, and toll 
tho Trcnebmoa to be off with the iJook 'straps, or we i^baU have something i 
at onr 'eds from that there winder in a jiffy." 

Mr. Sharpe, thus adjured, went hastily to tbo coach window, and 
bawled " Moossoo I>floor" till tbo startled valet ronscd himself, and 
proaonUy cmorgvd with a caqiet-bag, a dre8riDg>eass, and an Jndiarobb«r 
folding bfttli, witb which he went upptairs. He was a very dignified 
gaatlMnan, and looked like a minifll«r of state, got up for an " at home." 

"I say, 3Ir. Sharpe," now remarked tbe stod groom in a low voice, 
Peking aomethii^ off the near leader's ears nith bis whip, " we're bin 
and gone and hit the Pook prceioos bard this time, nt Doneaster." 

"A still tongoo mokes a wise head, William," said the &1 man, 
lighting a fat cigar. 

** What do I clear by tho flake, Mr. Sharpe ? " aakod tho stod groom, 
ramioating. " I've been a-lhinkin* a good doal about that there publio 
down at Epsom, since yon put mo up to it, and promised as how you 
woold winter yer rannin' 'ossos there," 

" Nerer mind abont tho public just yot. That'll keep, that will, 
William. Yoa've got a good pUice, baveo't yoa ? Well, Iboo, slow and 
nue, that's yer motter." 

" I don't complun, Mr. Bhnrpe ; Ihoagh the Dook don't pay np as ha 
might do, driU him I Tbeyonng beggar owes me a year an' a 'nlfs wages. 

TOURa nnows. 




an* there ain't oo signs of his mannoy, aa I bcos. If it worn't for the 
eorn-AbfiDdler and the saddlar I iboold cot htiv^ been able to pat the pot on 
at the Derb; thifl 7«ar, DohoT. Tbo coacb builder do say. Bays he, bu 
won't pre neither ma nor Bam a rap till bo gets his own bnidB." 

" He be blowed," said Mr. Sharpo. "Go to my maD, lU^netti, in 
Long Aerc. He koows it's all right tin I t«U blm it ain't. The young 'no 
miut bare aome more wbeeU when be gooe lo town, and yoa oan tvQ 
him Orowler's tbinga don't mn light cnongb. He's sore to bite at that. 
None of tbem cbnps can hold their nogs together if thoy hail a fotir-nbcol 
ftmutorA Tan behind 'em, bat they're allis agOK for light traps." 

" 1 don't aay no, Mr. Sbarpo, and the dodge isn't go hard to try, is it? 
His QracQ b'loeves anvthlnk n'moet as I tells him. It ain't very diffiekult 
to 'ombng him. But the grey maro she won't quite do, she won't." 

" Why not ? " sneered Mr. Sharpo. " Yoa got yonr commission from 
Coper, didn't yoa ?" 

" Yes, I did, Mr. Sharpo, and in cootgo many thaoka loyon far that 
an' all favera. Ooty Lord George bo waa a-talking to the Pouk about 
her last Wodueaday was a week ; and a nod is as good aa a wink. No 
oSenoe, I bopo, Mr. Sharpo'/ " 

" Ob, dear, oo, William. Bnt wttat did Lord George aay to his Oruco 
abcnit tbo groy ? " 

" Uislordeliip aeld she wani't mach good, onlees for oat'g-mcnt — that he 
did, )lr. Shnrpe." 

" And what did his Graoe aaswer ? " 

*' Oh, aays his Qraoe. says he, I knows that very well, bat old knife- 
blade won't ilo a bit of stiff for nuthink; and I thongbt bo meant yon, ku 
1 tolla yoa on it, Ur. Sharpo. Yon got mo my plaeo, and I bsm in dooty 
boond ao for to do." 

"Pat stockings Doder her ebo««, William," answered Mr. Sbarpe. 
" She'll go eren ooongh tilt tha Dook wants another, and then, why yon'll 
always find Coper ready witb a fiTc-poand note a log. That'll do, won't it?" 

" That'll do, Mr. Sharpo : but yer see the tnuro jibs ; and when they 
gpm a bit okkerd, the Dook gets hold of the whip, and, my oyo, how bo do 
pay It into 'em, and hollers, be do, onulT to scare a fioek o' shoep. Wc 
shall eapm'ze all on ua soma day, aud I might jast fait a bit hoATy, yon 
knows, Mr. Hbarpe." 

"Takeoff her beariDg-rotn, With'om, and pot tbo other up to tbo 
cheek. Keep the whip away from his Graco at stariio', and take care the 
boys gire ber her bead." 

The convaraation went on in this strain for some time, while the drag 
was moring elowly op and down before the roadsido inn, till the honta- 
mao's bedroom window was thrown open ngnU), and M. Lafleor, in 
teoken English, ordered one of the grooms, who were lonnging agaust the 
aign-poflt, to call Ihn coach, as bis Grace was coming down. 

Daring these proceedings Madge Gile<s liad gone about the boose like 
one stapefied by a narcotic. She cotdd not realize anything that had 
bappenod within the laat twolvu hours, and did not knov •o'^i^^'Oaist ^'on '«^» 



"Yo bntn't above n malter o' t«Dy»ar old « an' JQ got ft mimut" 
aAcA Tom Brown, in moob amftBemeDt. 

" I'm rii^in' sixteen ; fiftcan last Mlligar," said the bojr. ■* I koowB it, 
cot it's ihe big day at Donoaetcr." 

Tom firown gnbaided after tliifl ioformation, thongb probafalj his 
private opinion was not maeh altured by it, and prDBeniljr tbo ebort bay, 
wbo migbt bare been any age betw«en twelve and fifty, if judged firem 
bis appearance wbcn closely exunined, lod out tbo tall borse and propond 
to set off npon bia journey. 

"Wbo be yore msiBtor, atid wboer do 'an lire?" iQqair«d Ton 
Brown, with friendly iotorcst, as tbey took leare of eoab other. 

" Walker, ap a stroot." eaid Uid boy, trying bis latest aoqniremeoi in 
aquinUng; and tucking tbo borse'e bridle under bia arm, be began wbiit' 
ling " Nisey Dawson," and went about bis bnsiaoss witb the lame bona 
bobbUng after him. 

Xotbing happened for many dav-s after this at WakeGold-in-tbe-Manh. 
It was a lo«l, oat-of-tbo'way place, lying twelve miles from the neanat 
market town of any importance. The bind in tha ncigbboarhood, whidi 
was not very good for s^rioullural purposes, belonged to two or three great 
proprietors, and the sub-agents who collected their rents lived at Urth 
ningtoo. Tbo ion was tbo best houso in tbo Tilings, and there was not a 
person In it bat the curate. Mr. Mowlcdy, who over subscribed to ■ news* 
paper or read a book. Even Mr. Mowledy had been for some time away 
in the north, and his doty was performed by a hasty parson, wbo rode 
over from Pronington at a brisk cantor ovety Sunday, and kept bis horse 
wiuting at tbo " Choi]uers " while he hurried through a single service. It 
did not much matter : there were seldom more than half a score of 
bumpkins, chiefly old, who went to church at all, and Lhoy understood 
Dotbing of Mesopotamia, aboot which this hasty parson preaebed (a them 
from an old mouse-catoi stock of sermons ho found at the rectory. The 
rector himself bad been a hard-riding, six-bottle msn, who bad got into 
debt and disgraco. He had not seen bis pnrisbioners siuce bis insolvency, 
and had never at any prcrions period eonoemed himself witli their odo* 
cation or culture ; and Mr. Mowledy reeeired but B0(. a year for filliog one 
of tbe richest benefices in England as best be could upoo so meagr« • 

There was none of tbe frightful povorty of populous cities, no hidooin 
beggary with unheeded sores at Wnkefield. The people did well euottgb, 
and got plenty bo eat and drink. They had a Tcry prolific breed of docks 
and geete, whieh Ibey sent with butt«r and eggs to market onoe a wodb 
Most of them bad a pig and a cow ; those who bad not, worked eootontedly 
tor tboee who had. But there was probably not a more ignorant or 
iU-taogbl place in England. Long ago Mr. Mowledy hsd tried his hand 
at a tebool ; bnt tha blacksmith, Mr. Jinks' rulher, and tbe wheelwrif^hl, wbo 
led the eommunity, did not care to take their children from work to loam 
their letters ; and John Gilofl, of the " Cbequors," knew that Madge had too 
maeh to do at bone to go dangling after the parson's heels. Soby-eod* 







by ftU hope and ambitioo, perlikps ftll ileeiro to improvo lus care &om 
l^L point of view, died oat of Mr. Mowledjr'e mind> nod he t«t tliinga Uke 
thfiir ancient, immemorial coorso. 

He come back from the nortb a little older and more dejected than he 
went ; for hts brother and only roUtiTe, who had held a imall living on the 
borders of Northomberland as locom-tenens for the patron's gon, bad died 
during his absence; bat there was no apparent change in bim. He 
preached vreantj twieo every Sondaj, and onee on Wedneadn; evaningi, 
after his return, aud bis spare congregation u-ae increased by Madge ; who 
looked verj pale and thin, bat listened to him reverentlj withoat under- 
standing much of his discoarse. 

Ha soon noticed the girt** regnlar atleudanee on hia nunistrf ; and the 
heart of the loneljr man warmed towards her. He had scarcely more 
than the wage of a servant ; he had no prospocts of adraneemcnt, no re- 
spect for himself now. Ho coald not ask any lady to share his penary, 
and if he could do so bo knew of no one to ask. Ue might, how- 
ovar, take Hedge to his deeolate cottage, if ehe would go. She was a 
busy hovaewife, and would make him a good helpmate. Tbe» would b« 
noQuDg to shock her feeling;!, or estrange hor heart in bis meagre fortnooi. 
He would love her very dearly, and she would make his home bright with 
bet presence. The girl bad good natural abiltties. She mi^t be tau^it 
enoDgh book-learning to make Iter a pleasant compftobn Dpon inater*R 
eveoiiigB when their work was done. He knew she was Ihrifly and swoot- 
tempered. He only forgot that be was forty-nine years old and she not 

It was one evening early in Noromber that he spoke to her Qrst. He 
even fancied sbe was waiting for him, and looked kind welcome from her 
large, soft, purple eyes; but that could only be troagiuution, ovcn-rougbt 
by suliLude. The hoar froet was on the ground, and the landscape seen 
from the slile near the village church, where be met her, waa very tranquil 
nod lonely. There was a path that led on through some meadows to 
the rectory, beside which stood bis oTtn forlorn cottage ; it had been built 
fay a former more prosperous incumbent for his gardener. Ue walked 
beside Madge through these fields, where the blackbird sang his load good- 
Bi^t, and tbo wreu aud the speckled thrush were busy with the hedge- 
berries. It was sbe who spoke 5ni, and she asked him, io a sweet, grave 
voice, if ho would write a letter for hor. 

Mr. Mowlody, though sarpriscd at this roqucst, promised readily to do 
so, thinking in bis own mind that it ntight refer to some brewer's or dis- 
tiller's aeconnt which was overdue, and then he walked silently on beddo 
her. He was a learned man, was Mr. Mowledy, and had taken honours 
at his college. He might have done well in the world if be bad bad more 
energy, or less eonseieaee. But be let one opportunity after another 
glide by him in the race of life, and never overtook them or tried to do bo. 
And here now wag this geiiUiiniAn and scholar abashed in the company 
of a Tillage girl. If she had cared for him, if ho had met snob a woman 
onoo in the heyday of exiatonce wbon his blood w.& x o\Ui%,U «n<s& 'V^ <(^ 

hftd felt or could hare felt oq« spark of love for htm, he mtghl faav« 
helped out of bis difficalty. A vord or & toob voaM haTO done it, mai 
the pont-np t^nderneeR of his geoUe hexrl would have onrflowed. Bat 
most girls 'Ore cmcl where they kto indiiTereat. Their eyvt are do«ed 
their oars are deftf tn the concerni; of ftll except those who can win Ihi 
aficctiona ; and Pn>viH«nro liaa vriltod it bo in mercy to manhind, that 
wivoB and mothers may bo entirely oar own. So Mndgo. baring soid what 
she had to saj, nerer cioro cast a glance at the parson, bat went on 
alffientlyhreaUng dried twigs ^m the hedges, and listening nneonsdonily 
to the oarol of the birds. 

Tbey parted when llioy reached the road. The moon had jost tusnr 
and shed a (imreiiog light throngb an old otm-tive, of which the topnist 
branches were dead and n-itbcred. A waggon toiled slowly np a hill, % 
dog barked in a {ormyard close al hand. 

"Good-night, Miss MargRrot," said the parson, with n Ciltariag 
toloe. It WAS the only time bo had vontnred to address her. 

" Good-nigbl, zur," said Uio girl, and she too passed away from that 
good man's life ttnwon. 

ino - 
Bot J 



That erooiogr after John Giles was gone to bed, Blodge began to 
over her neediework, and when Tom Brown came in with hii lantern 
S6e that All was well before he went to deep in the hayloft, sho spdn 
kindly to him and oakcd him to hnvo a jug of beer, as in old limes. 

She drank some of the beer bei««lf, and wben Tom naked her (o aing 
hia fa-vooritd song 0T«r again, she sang it so readily and so sweetly that 
bis rough coarse nntore was quite melted. Then sbo led Tom to talk of 
Uio boy in drab orexalls and the big horse that had been left behind by 
the strftDgor huntsman ; who bad nerer more be«n heard of after he 
left the inn that October day, now two fall weeks ago. She nevor spoha 
of the huntsman bimiHdf, feeling with true feminine instinct that Uie sub- 
ject was not agreeable to her kinsman. She seemed to be bent an 
pleasing him, and suoeeeded so completely, that he told her nil abont tha 
urchin and his impndooco over and over again. She yraa espeetoOy 
onzioaa to fix the nann of the boy's mosteT and the place of his residouos 
in lier momory. and wunt over it snretal times with Turn, Unghing as aha 
did BO ; and asked liitn to tell bor if ^c had pronounced it rightly. 

" Eos," rt3[>eiiti.'d Tom, fur the twiuiticth time. " Maitter Walk«r, 
Ktroet, wor his oeamo an bidin' plaoBce, it wor." 

When Madge bad clvarly asoertninwl this fad, the conversallun Wi 
ou leas smoothly ; and, as Tom was jost going to say something nbo: 
"fikicings " and " trae kivora' knots," which had more or leaa roicrcDM 
to a riband she vat acwing on i cap, she sent him away to draw ai>o(li«r 




Jag of b««r, and irb«n lie cmd« back itambling frun buU on the wajr, 
flhfl was goDO, 

The next day alflo, vliilo John Gilos and tbe osUer wore bxisy, 
she called to a {>e<llar, wbo bad ncTcr pa88«d that way b«ror«, and civiUj 
offered him a crast of bread of bcr onm baking and a tempting alico of 
cheese with Mg btMsr. The podlar, oothing loth, wont bto tho kiteboD 
when thus tiddoBt hot ohBorrcd Hint lie bad had a bad day asd earned 
no tDonej. 

" There hain't nowt to pay, maislor," said tho girl, smiling slyly, and 
then she asked tf he could write. The podlar said ho could ' ' oil and on," 
and Burmised that she wanted a latter written to hor " bo." Bhe took 
hta banter ijnite good-hnmoiiredly, and, as pen, ink, paper, and cnvo- 
lopes (then recently invented) were all ready to ha hand, he wrote, with 
nuny itntnge contortions and grimaces, tome words she totd him. lliey 
were Caw words, and be did not toko long about it. "When bo had 
finishedi he inquired with an impadunl leer what direction he should put 
TipOD the letter; bat she took the dosed enrelope, and hid it away, after 
which fthe looked qnite nnconscioas, and wonld not ny another word to 
him. 80 ho got bnfled and angry, shouldered his pack with a surly look, 
and went about his business. 

In the daak of the evening she slippo'l odI, while John Giles was 
drinking with the blacksmith and tho Bciton, and she bad sent Tom 
Brown to got some floor from the mill, situated a long oiilo from tbe iliD. 
After walking briitkly tbroagb the glebe meadows, where she was not 
likely to meet anybody, she rang at tho parson's gate, and dropped a 
eortaey to that gonUeman as he camo in some emlrarrasament to moot hor. 
&lr. Mowledy bad only an old woman, wbo slept at home, to wait apoti 
liim ; and iho had left, as Uadgo knew, on hoar ago, so that he was quite 


HaTiog oitrtsied again, ehe took the pedlar's letter from her breast, 
fend asked Mr. Mowledy, with hor father's duty, to address it. 

Jfr. Ifowledy put on his lightest pair of blue steel Bpectaelos, which 
be bad purehoscd at an optician's shop m the City when Eummoned throe 
yeart before to see bis rector, m order that he might not appear at too 
great a diudTaotage in her oyoe ; and then mildly demanded tbe noma of 
ber correspondent. She replied demurely that bis name was " Walker." 

" And his Christian-name ? It is always better to write that, in case 
of mistakes," obserred Mr. Movludy, wishing porbaps to prolong tho inter- 
view with bia parishioner aa long as possible. 

Tbe girl hung h^^r head, 

'* I mesD," imid Mr. Mowledy, who feared ho might not have explained 
tdmeelf with eafGeient clearness, "hlii baptismal appellation — tbe same 
which was given him, as to all of ns, by his godfathers and godmothers. 
Tour name is Haigaret; mine is Mormadukc," added Mr.Mowlcdy, BofUy, 
and ho blushed. 

Kow Sladge had heard both tbe stud groom and Ur. Shax^ %«.^ *^(k 



and wikil ovar them. If Aba hoanl & ebip on the sUun, or ttaj one eaUaA 
her, sho would hide Ihem hnrriodly aw«^, and ytiih trembling limbs mml 
ghiMtly taee, aastura htirseU thftt hor oecupifttion bod not been discoTared. 
It wa« about tba tenth day after tbo loiter to Mr. Marmaduke Walker 

^2iad rcmoiucd uouoawered, thai a groat cLango came ovot Lho girl. She 
DiB ver; early in the monuog, and toUcd tbroughottt tbe day withoat 
eoasing. Sh^ arranged all bar cupboards, and tbo presses where Uu 
bouaohold linen waa kept. Bho washed and put anay all her glass 
china, and carefully attended to CTOiytbing Ibat hrul been neglected 

L'wanled sotting to rights. Before she wool to bed she rakod out 
Ititcben fire and laid it afreab, spread tbo cloth for breakfast, and 
:>mo slices of bread and butter, to be ready for John Giles «rbca 

"got up. She bade good-mght to Tom Brown very kindly, drew some 
for him herself, and opoiiod the door for him wbcQ bo went oaL to bid 
bayloft over the stables, elofltng it londly afl^r him and bolting it. Thi 
all these things having been done in order, and the whole booM 

Lioiigbly swept and garnished, she went to her room with a strango* ab 
r, and opened ber work-box once more. Bat sbe did not cry orer 
there was only a Bad, rosolute expression in tbo ^rl's eyes ; 
after silently cont«iiiplaUng ber worthless treasures for an hoar or 
aho opened her window and looked dovn into the road. She could 
clearly, for the moon was at ber full, and nothing was stirring for a mib 
around. The bat and Lho fieldmouse only were abroad ; and tbe low boot 
of (UQ owl coming from tbo mined rectory was the solitary sound wbtcb 
broke the stillness of the night. Not a dog barked, not a b'gfat wu seen 
in a. cottage, not a watcher kept rigU at WfdceGwld-in-the-Martib. Sbe ro* 
mained for some ten minnlcs, looking aoxioosly from tbo window, and 
having satisfied herself that she was oaobsorrod, she threw a shawl orcr 
ber head, so as to conceal her foalnros, and went •juickly and noiselesdy 
downstairs. Sbe bad thought of OTcrytbing. Tbo bolts, which had bMn 

^«Ieaoed and oiled that day, slid smoothly back at bor touch ; tbo door 
avd easily upon its hinges, her baro feet fvll unheard upon tbe ba nj , 
round. Bbe went un walking Tery fast, tnming neither to tbo ri^t n<;^H 
tbe left, till she came to tbe miU-stroam, at a plnoo when) it was t»^B 
deep and rapid. Then the slopped, and knelt down by tbe waiersjdc, and 
prayed with a smothered sob ; after wl loh sbo east a startled glance 
hastily roond ber, And liBlcned Uke Dome hunted animal. A fish 
leopt ont of tbo strcnu bad disturbed bor, and thera was a far sound 
wheels, but it died away and all vnm still. It was only tbo night 

hllttwty passing on its way to Droaiogton, and when il had gone thorn 
not ft human being who could hear hor brief cries and ber abort str 

Bbe went then to the river's brink, took bar sliasl tVnm off her beai_, 

tiod it closely roond the skirt of h«r dress in a tijjbt knot, so that ahe 
oould not moTo ber legs or feet, and sbe let bonelf fall beadlong into lh« 
enift'Eowiag waUtr. A load plaah, ouo natornl effort, with uplifted 
for life, and all wa4 over. Bbe was bomo fiut down stream. 

Some l^ittrarg gamblings about Jatb. 

As Bath was conaulcred the muet fiunoas and the most fashioDablo 
eaoitadam in Eugluud, uf coarse the medical iacult^ f ooruliod tboie. 
Tho b«ro of Ihu AVir Balh GuiJ* writ^fl — 

Aa wc til umu for lieuJtli, u » body BUjr ujr, 
I iCDt (ur die ductot the very ttut ddjr. 
• • • ■ • 

Tba ihKU>r utrlsccl ui> u> stad far « Banc, 

Aad tlu Diino wu «o wUUbk 017 hullh la ratnn, 

Shft begged DM to Mnd for « hw docum mon. 

"Whal Iiappeoeil aft«r tliii coiualtBtioit nocd not Lo related ; the eari- 

eniaro is amtutn^, it wmewbat eotoM, Batli, in reality, has been, foi 

moro than a centdrjr, funooa for otib'ghttncd medical professors of the 

best kind, tlioagh tbo wits have boea very prooo to gird at them. One 

J, of Aii3t«7's Imitators irritea — 

^V We'n [lombtlcH prorldcd with medicftl men, 

^^^^ Kat uie ur tiro only, Dur j«t dIm or ten: 

^^^B They'rq me&Ly MJJ.'s, thuDgb tboir aana I'm for^t ihtm, 

^^^^ Witb r at lop, but bcav'ii katnra wbv at bottoio. 

^^^ Tliis writer declares that the Fomoos Br. Hnrriogton — 

^^^^F 'rhottgli giitod hy natar* and genial m fuQuw 

^^^^^^v Sarh hcATvoIj vl ofbia ptttrom Apollo ) 

^^^^^^^V 'Willi tucdidne ar miuAc no iJdUcd to coBtroul 

^^^^^^ Tbe iliMoMfl alike of Uu body MkdKml; 

^^^K E'en liiin iliejr iMKlwted, aegbcted lo boor — 

^^^^ Keghctcd, yo gndo, toe the tneo of small bc«r. 

W Bat — forUt viMnint ante Uart'titytotta : Gomo of thcio I have alr«ady 
mooiiooed. I have now lo speak of anotlior famoas coutomporoiy of 
Nash and Qain, 

i>r. Cbfivue was, for mauy jmm, a weU-known chat*et«r ia Bath. lie 
praeliaed there for half ibe year, and fur the other half b London, as 
faahionablo physicians have since divided their lime between London aod 
BrigLlvn. I have read tuauy medical workg, but I Imow none more 
gravid witb good sense than Cbsjne's, and ecrlainly none so amnsiDg. 
Towards the close of bis life be beoamo an ndvoeato — though nut to the 
nncoinpromisisg uit«iit gomettmes stated — of the Tegetariao system of 
diet, aod what ho preached ho practised spon his own person. It is 
mu^ed of him Uuit ha neommouted Beaa Kaah to take to it, is his old 

3— a 



ag«, and ihai Kosh ukod him whother he inshed (o pormud* half t 
world to go grazing Uho NobacluuUiL'zzar.* CbojiiQ, in oBoeK, tflUl 
that ho would bodd hare to do »om«thiDg worse iban that, and ctlUd I 
aa " old blasphemer." On another occaiioo, the I^jsiotAii h«TOig 
Bcrifaed for tiio Beau, askftd him tf bo bod foUowod the 
*'No," aaid N'a«h, "for in that case I ibould beiro flung mywlf 0(A 
window and brokon my neok." It is probable that Naeh wu not I 
author of this joke, bat I am not learned oDoogb in jesl'Iore to itmea it < 
ita tnie souree. However, the Fop had tha advantage of the Ftij 
ftfUr all ; for be Ured to be eigbtj-stz, whilst Cbejna diod at sigh^ 
But Dr. Cbeyno, like another well-known Tegetorian philosoi 
Idmbef ). bad originally a reiy crazy conatitatioQ, and KO manj 
that, in the ordioaiy conrso of tbiogs, ouo might hare expected 
would hare only a short Ufa. and a wretched one. Both have gii 
world their own experiences; but the " Author's case," as wrritten by 
elder Ph^'sieian, is scaroely so convincing as that of the yoongor. CI 
indoud, ndmiU) that liring on animal food and wlbO) be liad a spell of 
twuoty years of eR8o and comfort, which does not seem to have been toon 
than he ei^oyed under Uio other Bystom ; but ho ran rapidly to flesh, ■> 
much BO that be grew to be Ihirty-two atone in weight, which mada 9 
difficult for him to go upstairs to see his patients. He aoema to hit* 
reduced hiniBetf by a procees the very roTerfie of that recoDuneiid«d hj 
Ur. Banting, and lived upon milk, roots, socds, &c. tat the rest of hs 
liie. Whether he made many coDverts or not, at BaUi, is not reoonled- 
But there are many pooplo hero who incline to this kind of diet, at the 
prewnt day, and pronounce authoritatively on its good effects. I C^rtainllj 
upon economical grounds, if on no other, it is to be strongly roeommendel 
during tho prevalence of the existing high price of bnteber'a meat. If wo 
could turn oar whole families and etttabllshments into Tegetaiung wt 

" GoUlonitii, «ba telb ibis itorf, ntvujv calls biu Dr. Ctiemy. 

t Dr. Xjuabc Kiocccded to Uw jvactic* nt WarwicJc long Imlil hy tile father at 
Wklter Sango Lonilor. I^ndor hiiaself vroa vnaaly ntUclwd ta Mn. Lambe, 
reputing nhoBi thov uit Mvcnd pastagca in th&t gKMi writrr'a coirotpotidcoDB. A 
very intcrcititi]; iDcmoIrof the great pbjHidan ha> tie«n written by &fr. Kdw«n] Hon, 
CSX, who rirfuicrlr held m diHtittgaulwd potition in the ladiati Medical Servirs^ • 
nwit occomplisbed Keutleman, vLo now retide* in Beckfonl'a otd hooN, in Iab9> 
downv Cn-fccnt. lU it no ablq advocate of tho Tenctuima v/sXem, and tn eKnlleal 
illtutntion of lu Kood eflbcta bo4]i Iwdllj nitd cncntiil. Tbe hook is ona of the baal 
exaniplea of bricC biognjdiy that 1 have Mcn, reoommeiKliiig itaelf eiinally to the 
pnblic and tbe prolcaiion. 

X I propoanded the questlAa, tlie otbcr day, to nrtrnl lolclligetit g«ntlAfu«ii,at to 
wluAhcr milk la oalmal or rcgiMable food. Tbo maje/itT contended thai U was the 
(onaer. Dr. Chtyno layi ii Is " vcpuUca iiuDcdiauly cooked by axuiaal beat asJ 
orgwu, and dinetly (wltJMmt cobg the dreuUlion) tbawa from tlidr cb^ld, or aa 
cmulumi at wgcuble* Id tho •tocoach." Dr. Idnbe, howDTCTi apfwan to hare de- 
KTilird oiilk at " an oikimal fltiid." Tbe pure vegotuiuu of bis time — the Newtoa 
family, aod 0<bir« atmii to baft aduiittcd U rory ttaat*edly, and tv have i 
cieam, bottsr, and chcaH alUi^tLcr. 






iboold be Ubs troable<l about our bcmsebold expeoditiire. And if -kq are 
to bdbeve tbe leading writ«rfl on the lalyMi, this dimicTition of the cost of 
liring will be maoifflBled not merely in tbe rotranebmont of our batcher's 
bills, bat in a cessation of oar wino-morcbiiut'g accoonte. It ts alleged, 
Ibal abstuMUco from animal food ia attended by nn nbsonM or dimi- 
nution of thfl destro for strou^ drink. But it is not easy to reconcile 
tbia vilb lbt> b«liof Lhnt tbo gr«at«et consaniars of strong drink are tbosa 
ivbo do not dip into the ficsb-pot>, from voek's end to week's eod. Kce«nt 
exporicDCCS woold scum to indicate that tbo bigber tbe price of butcbei's 
meat, Lhe greaUr tbe profits of tbe Excise. It bas not anreascmabl;^ ^>^^'^ 
asserted, that many of the poorer claBses in tbe great towns, especially 
in IJondoD, live upon cheap (in other words, diseased or patrid) meat and 
fish ; but tbe Irish, wbo tiTe cUteSy on potatoes, and the Scotch, whose 
ordinary diet is oatmeal and potatoes, do not seem to abstain from 

1 have <iaot«d tbe ^Tnr Bath Guidf so often, that I must now say some- 
thing about ite anihor. Christopbor Anstcy was bom to a good inhoritaDco 
I and had every adTast^o that tbe most costly edacation coald bestow. Ilo 
made the bestof his opportunities — but one tbing was wanting to complete 
bis happiness. Tbo robustness of his body did not keep pace with the 
robastQCBs of his mind. " The visible decline of his health." wrote his 
filial biojipupher, "in eonseqaeneo of a bilioas fever, was the cause of his 
visiting Both for tbe benefit of tbo waters, which he drank by tbo adrico 
of Dr. HoberdsD, and for which he was indebted to the gradual re-cstab- 
Jisbment of his bealth and spirits." What bo then saw and heard 
I inspired him to write that famous satire. The New Balh Ouuif. It was 
omapoBod. or, at least, completed, at Trumpingtou and Gcst pabUshcd 
at Cambridge in IIGG. It has been stated that tbe original idea of the 
work was borrowed from Ilumphrif Cliniur. Bat the noTel did not ap- 
I^car until some time after the poem bad been published, and bad achiercd 
A large amount of popularity. Smollett was at Bath in 1TC7, when, 
donbtloBS, the New Bath Guide was sabject of conversation. But the 
dedgQ of Humphry Clinker may have been coneeived at ao earlier 
period (for he had pud prcTioas visits to Bath) though not executed until 
a few years later. It need not be said that of that design tbo'account of 
Matthew Bramble's visit to tbe western watering-place was but a small 

The success of tho AVu- Daih Guide was wonderful. Dodeloy bought 
the copyright, and ten yeare afterwards said that he bad made more 
money out of it than out of any other book within the same space of 
time, and in a fit of generDfiity restored it to the writer. Editions of all 
sorts and siws have been poblisbed, and some of them with the worst 
niustrations ever seen. And the book is not altogether undeserving of its 
popularity, though doubtless its merits wore overrated at the lime. 
Horace Walpole said that bo would rather know Cbristopber Anstey than 
Oliver Ooldamith. Hot this strange choice is said to have been inflneneed 



rfttb» b; social Umn hj inUlleetaal cooBulfintioiu.* Ansiej's &on desoSiM 
his bUutr'e poem is an " epo " — r dosignntion, ithkh, baviDg an aInuMt 
infinite lalitude of iot«rpret«t)on, w« may mttet to pus. It u ocrtwnl; 
ODo of tho pk>iuiAnl«8t SMio] satires in the Ungnage. The flaeiuj t>t iu 
TeraificAtton has boon rarely oxMlIed. If ftmong the very rara insUneat 
that might be cit«>l, GoUlgmith'i Jlaitnch oj rmuon \% to be named, I 
Lihink that wo mftj fairly sarmiso that the TersiGcation of that pi««e «u 
SQggosled by Anstoy's poem. What Mr. Farstcr aays of tho former migU 
well besaidof theUttor: " Written viUi no higher aim than that of priinl< 
pleasontTy, a more delightfiil pieee othnmoarr or ft more finished pieeeof 
styls bu probably eeldom been written. ... An tndcscribabUi tiiy 
elegance perradus and oncirclos all." That tho sacoMS of sacli a pi«et 
Bhoold have bronght forth sundry imitAtitms from tbo pens of smolltt 
poetasters was to have boon oxpccled. Among others was pnblishedi ii 
1790, a Potliai/it to ijif jYfir Bath OtwU, by Anthony Paaqoin, ih4 
merits ol which may bo jndged by tlte following Bpodmen — 

The people of BoDi. ercr vince Qntn'< ImlryoD iIit?, 
Oa tbe btonch nnd ih* Afx )>e)itr>« anifik [>raii«, 
And expend « grtat jiart of Ui« itentuTOk' imiuira 
Ib wrting which ihey think Mfe's priouiri- pleunre. 

I donbt whether worse Terses than tbose were erar written — but at i 
later period (18U) a booli was published, entiUod Tlie iVand^vM of* 
TTmA at Bath, " a doggrel address to the Hon T. S.. from F. T. Esfra, 
of that city" — whirb diiiplayti eonMiilorftble tal«at. I haro already madt 
^notations from it.f It oomes more oearly to Anstey's broehure than uj 
thing I have M«n. 

'When Anstey settled in Bath, bo pitched his tonl in tba 
CroBcent, then recently erected. His son states that bo pnrcbased tbs 
house. It bad a good garden at the baek of it, in which Uie satiriflt 
delighted. There is a story cnrrent to tUe cflect that when the dea^ 
was formed for tho erection of St. James's S^inaro, Anett'y was deprived 
of bis garden, n tt that be was greatly exasperated hy such a cnrtaikual 
' of hia privil^pM and pleagores,^ upon which he delivered himself ' 
foUowing pungent epigram : — 

Te men of Bath, wke tfatelr natiBiena rur, 
To wait for unuts from tbe Lord knmni wbera. 
Wonbl jan pnnae a plan that caiinoi fall. 
Erwt a Diadlioaae and eotarne joar eaol- 

* i&i. fantmr m*« that Auley wmM not have been aotlooil " wlili anrthiBr I 
a mccr If, baaMea beins a achoUr aod a wii, Iw liad not bIot brrn a MwnW eil 
liamDnt." I ainnot And ont tJuit b<> waa «rcr a Mvralier of rwliaiaanl. JQjai 
whe wrote bii lilV, trrm* |i> lint* been qTiJIr ignnnint nf tliu Etrt. 

t C«r%Uilt i}fityi:lne (<* Jhoc, f. 699 ; and p. I of the i>r«Mnt paper. 
X TUa Uaj nuaint soroc explatiation. I)r. Tntittall «ri that Anvtay**! 
aeike to qidt." Ui* *cn an.n that ho bought the hmse. It thla be tm, 
haireoaly reoteil tbn gartee, traltas ejected oeeording to tbe modem fmeoabyn 
Aet of raiUamcat 


SUtng by this, Bath toaai h local poot to ftnnwer the anthor of (ho 
N*tc Baifi OuitU, and one vas found to prodnee these UtiAs : — 

WliiU croirOs airivc fiul n* our »tn«U incmue, 
And ihp piwl onl V U no empt; HpaM, 
nrhitr bealili kD'l eaBc here conn the grarc ami g«v-. 
ilA'Imcn Mil rnnU alons vill keep ivajp. 

It is said that at this time (ftboat 1700) there wore no pntonen 
in the gaol. Anstey did not tnach likt* this retort; but, being neither 
nuidman nor fool, he vras not minded to keep aw»y £rom Bath. Be lived 
OD, uid be died there, in ripe old age, and vu buried in WolMt 

But we most not ibrget the literarj* lailies who have dwelt in Bath 
and written nbaut it9 mannerB and itA nflag«g. Cnnspicuomi among tbam 
are Mrp. Piozzi, Madame D'Arblay (Miet Barnoy), a^d Mies Aorten. 
Tbo first-named Bpont many yeara at Bnth, whence r' e wrote many 
viTaciotia ]ct1<'r>^ to her friondi:. Bhe wn« there with ber £r?t bnsband in 
17B0,* and with her M*ond in the winter of 1767-1786. "How little 
I thoaght," sbo wrote on tho first day of the latter year. " that 1 should 
celebrate this Istof Jannary, 1788, here at Bath, Eiirround^ with irirnda 
and admireiB, the pabUe partial to mo, and almost orcry indiridnal, whosa 

Idodneaa ib worth viabing for, Bceerely attaehod to my husband I 

have passed a delif^ul winter here— caressed by my friends, adored by 
my hnsband, omosed with eirery entertainment that is going forward." 
This, however, wae only a fihanee Ticnt, probably for the benefit of her 
hosband's gont. They lived principally in Wales — paying occarional 
Tifiits to tho old honeo at Btreatham — ^the gradnal di<iflppearan«c of 
which 1 watebod with iolinite regret, for it was BBfiociutod with my 
earliest recollections. Piozzi died in 1809, and a few vein ftft«rwards 
she took op her residence in Bath. She appenrB to have sojonmed there 
for 9om» seven years in a itato of rampant eeaility, retaining all ber 
wit to the last, bat none of her ms'lom — if she ever had any. She 
gave a great ball at the Assembly Rooms to oelebrald ber eightieth birth- 
day, and led off with hor adopted son. She mndo lore to a handeomc 
yoong actor, whoAe grandmother she might bare bc«D. Sho lived in Gay 
Street, of tlie dangers of which she has given an ac«onni confirmatory, of 
the alarming Dtatemeuts, before cited, of onr friood Matthew Bramble. 
" Dear, d«ar 1 what a fragile thing life is I A yoong man wan riding 
foil gallop down tbo street yesterday, and fell down dnnb at the Teiy 
spot where Miss ShnUJewortli was Itilled. This street always was like 
Viigil's Tartoms, and onw 'tix like the high road to it." In IBl?. 
as alroa^y stated, Qneen Charlotte went to Bntb. "The Qaeen 
has driven lis all completely distracted," wrote the lively old lady 

* Tho Tbraln mlded pHodpaDy on the Sontli P«nide. Bome aoconnt of tlita 
eariy vlifc will be foimd lo a stfwe^iBnt antu* of Kfin Barney, who aooanpoiled 


in NoTember ; " inch a bngUe Butb oerot witita<Md bdbre. Sbo diiolis 
■t the Pomp Koom, porposeH going to sny ber prayoni at tbe Abb^ 
Oboreb, and a box is omkiiig up for her at the UimLio. Of Uiu oloatcn 
in Ui« Pomp Boom, who swana rotmd Queen Oaroline (Ch*riotta), w if 
ebfi were actoallj ibo quo«n btw, cotutiers wilJ giva yoa on seeoanl," 
Bat sba tells her correspondent ia the foUowiog 70»r, " The Queeo'i 
a])proacbiQg death gives do concern hat to the tradwmea, wbo w*ot to 
aell thoir pinks and vcllows, I suppose. 

Mra. Piozzt bad a groat fuodimss for aclon, especially if Uiey were 
handsome ; and, as all the best of both sexea Tisited Bath in Uie fint 
qaarler of the century, she had froeiaent opporlimitics of entertabiiog 
them. The Kemhled, Mrs. Siddons, Miss O'l^eill, Charles Youoji, and 
others arc freq^aently mentioited in her letters. Tbst she was no jtidgo 
of acting 16 Tery plain, fiH>m the fnct that she ihonght Conway a great 
performer. " Conway is ia high favour at Batb," she wrot* in 18S1 — 
" the papers say so — so do priTate letters. That young man's ralna will 
be Home day properly appreotatod." And yet he waA but a stick of an 
actor — his only merit consisted in being what was onee called " a proper 
mac." What amoant of patronage the fdarti received at that time, oxc^^ 
apon speeial oeeasions of benefite or bespeaks, it is not easy to KseerlaiD 
from the correspondence of the day. Bat I am afrai4 that it wm Dot 
very groat; for the author of the Wontlert of a Wtek at Bath (IBll) 
tolls US that, although tho manager — 

TikM can to enftfo 

T1i« i;reat fjouikm mctttn to «Pt otT hit Btago i 

Yet I^wis nod PairceU awl IlaiinijFUT, thoe 

Never fill rll ihe tioxea, bowerer tbey pka*e. 

Bat (ho writer adds — 

One ix<ciMinni tltrro i<, when the belles rdiI the bcnax 
Hogilge CTcrv pliuc, ■nd the bonxe overflmra ; 
Wben gentlemen-actors Attempt to [icr(om>, 
Then all the l>eau-Tnoni]e sally dawn in a stonn. 
No matter wIikI play— the asunUbing sistit 
U tlie bear tbst can dance and the cthw that U white i 
Tbn' pnppica an thioi^ n«ttli«r cerioDi dot ram, 
"Hm womlir Is «II Itin' tlic itcarc Wtvj got IbeiVi 

And the lapM of sixty years bas made no diOerenee In this. I can 
neord, from my own ex]>erience in 1878, that the Unea abore <]not«d aro 
painfally true. The theatre ia not patronised, when Lboeo wbo saro tboir 
living by it devote their skill and industiy to the representation of tfad 
host pieoee ; but it waa difficult to obtain a seat a little time ago, when a 
party of amateurs got up a performaneo in which thoy '* attempted" 
some broad lareea. As a general mie, it has been said that " tho worat 
profMsIoBal is better than the best amateur." This is true of averythiog 
but cricketing. It ia omphatiealty true of aoUng. It has boni bo aft«Q 
said that " history repeats itsalf," that I, wbo sometimes dabble in tustotr. 




am adumed to repeat the Skfing. Bat I find in tho vdIiudc, from vbleh 
I liava jtut gaotod, this pasMgo — 

This nigbt there's a oaneut : xod there, if ;oa're wilUoe 
To \»f fin' yimr mntie > bit und n sLiUin;*, 
Voall ftn'l k11 tlie riddlvn und niufitn of ooto, 
And hear CnUUni ka* gat a ntre lAroor. 

Thcro was rery kldy a grand " TiUenH Coneort " ndTcrtiirpd lioro for 
meks anil weeks, acd when the time c&me the greatest Ijric artitttt) of Ihe 
[age bad a sore throat, and was, tike Catalani, MHispictums by her abaeDce.* 

Aioong the most chonshod friends of Mrs. PioxKi, when she waa Mrs. 
Thrale, wm Funny Burooy, allenrarda luiown as Madame D'ArbUy. 
Th^ oorrespondeDCo is fiill of endearing terms. Hat tlio elder woman 
ooold not bring the yoougor to congrololate her on her fieeoiid marriage, 
and from that time there was an irreparable rapture between them. The 
woonds could ne%-or W bealed. Id 1782, the one was "my lovely 
BotDBy," and the other " my Bwooteei of friendB." They BMmed, at one 
time, to live on the reclprocalioD of the most foUomo Buttery, and on 
laodiDg thctDBclTCB each for the benefit of the other. It is hard to say 
whether the widow or the spinster wrote ^o greater amotitit of gushiug 
Donaense. Bat in 1784, there was a dead iileuce between them. The 
grare hod closed over their friendibip.-f It is mypiirposo, however, only 
to lay that there is in Miss Barney's Joonials and Letters a good deal of 
sprightly tnatler about Datb, whither she went (after a previous visit 
to the city) with the Tbraica in 17S0. vVilor a few days' joamoy, they 
alighted at the York House. Fanny Buruoy woe in eestaetes. " I really 
admire this beaatiful city," she wrole, " more than I did when I first saw 
it. The honses are so elef^ant, the Hrcets are so bouotifol, the prospects 
CO enchanting, I could fill whole pages on the geaoral bouuty of the 
place." The Thrales took a bouse at the lefl comer of the South Parade 
— " moat dehciously situated, meadows, hilla, Prior Park, the soft-flowing 

' I had iaIeiKled, had ipan |>«na]tted, to tiave diicouraed at sooig length on 
Batli thcotm and theatricals, and hatf made mntij natca (or ibo parpoM. Wood 
tlie aicfaiU^cL »»jk, " I'lajrn iirg actvi] some of th« olhvr eveninf[> af Uw wouk in a 
cellar mder part of the ballrooRi of tiimfiaoD'* AmcidM/ Uodm." Hit book w«a 
rnblbbed ia 1? — . I hare a note of a Inter writum bj l^ily Loxborongh is l?S2, 
in whicli bho aaya : " We hnve frkndlr Dtbelloa, FoJataffs, Richanis the Third, who 
cQt«rlM[i une tiaily for half the prii<c of yoar GanickB, Biaiys, and Riches." 

t I fioil iht* followmc in iih^ Bnraey'i Journal of 1787:" Mr. Plaher aoid to nte, 
' A friend of vovn, loa'ain, drank t«a with nie lately— iwe who did not aak alter 

•■ * And who was tluU T ' 

" ' Thpre can be bat odc of that ilcmipllou in ibe universe ! ' 

" lie tBcanl, 1 fuaod, {mor Mre. I'iatu. Majr the lie tia{ip7 I She has had her 
, abare of making ma othenr!ie~a Hbarc the world bolda not power to give to ber 
again. Aku I alio has Inst what gave that aBcesdJincr ! A nd tboae conaot loac give 
RTBai pain who have furfvitnl their power to si'-c pleasarc. 1 llud this inijfc luon 
and niorv strongly cvciy time I think of ber : but wltera I find ita stnoglh the aioat, 
ia that I think of bvr, any way, Itsi and leva" 




Atad, whataTer n&lara hta ia ofibr." * Th« " Imntifnl Oureiu " aad tb^ , 
" exqnisita CrcBccnt" eliiLimed ber. She myr mnch soeiely 
Thrales, and seemuigl; xeiy good flociotj. Among otlierg ehe i 
Msiey and Dr. nwrington. Tho litter is tli»eTib»d u " dlj, 
and vary AgrecablD." Of the formar ilio vpobo slightiaglj, tmt ftdmlttfid I 
lie improved on neqaamtADc«. li^ven tlion, lioworer, she conld not 
di sdmisnon vitbont infasiDg into it n dafih of spito. " Mr. AnstnT," 
aba BajSi " opene more on moro, and approocbes more DCftrly to 
latber agreeable. If bo cotild but forget be h&H nritt^n tbe Ilath OvU 
wiUi how mncb more ploasnro wonld everybodf cIbo remember it." 
coming from one wbo Dover forgot for a moment that ebe was the writ 
oi£pfli»ii, 18 aometbing tmly delieionn. In onotber pasaage. still speak- 
ing of Mr. AnRtey, abe writea, " Ah ! how difTcrent and rax^frior onr 
Rwoet father, wbo never tbmhs of his autbnrsbip and fame at all, bnt who 
■u respected for bolb by everybody for olaiming no respect from anybody," 
It ia a pity, indeed, that ibe charming Fanny did not inherit a Utttt) of tbe 
modesty of the sweet doctor. 

Of the onco lunooB dUeitanir meetings at BAtb-Easton, lltw Bl 
gives some ftccoQQt : " Do yon know," nhe askfi, "that, notwilhstaD^ 
Batb-Easton ia so mneh Inngbcd at in London, oothiog bero is mom 
tonisb than to visit lAdy Miller, who is extremely coiions la ber <.' •'' 
pany, admitting few people who are not of rank or fame." Lady .M ... 
herself she doflrribea as " a round, plomp, ooarse-lookiog damo, of aboal 
forty ; and while all her aim is to appear on elegant woman of CaehioD, all 
her BnccesB ia to seem on ordinary wnm&n, in very eommon life, witb fio* 
olothes DD. Her manners are huitling, her air ia moek-importnnl, and 
b«r manners very inetcj^nt." 

In tlioee days Spring Gardens, on the other side of the rirer, were 
attractive resort, to which oven the qnaliLy betook tbemselres to 
breakfast, or to drink tea and to dinport tliemselves. There ia an ami 
aeeoont in the Knr }Uth Guiiif of a Tiifit to this place, and ita ecio-~ 
seqneneeB, Fanny Barney deseribes several visits to Ihaao 
at the instigation of tbe Bishop of Peterborougb, who improvised a 
there, and stood treat. She was a freqnent visitor to the Theatre, and ' 
would seem from her jooraals, if not from Mrs. Piozzi's, that it was 
wall attendod hj tbe ehief people of the pWe. Bbe ^metimos weal Lo 
the Aasonbly'Rooms* balls, but gonerally declined invitations to danee. 
Mr. Tyvon was master of tbe oeretnoaies at that time, and he is Hpoken of 
in terms of high commendation— Pat as X have anntber lady of whom to 
write — one wbosa works are now held In mndi higher eeteem Uinn tboM 
of tbe anthoTMS of FreHna — I camiot afford space for longer notice of the 
Taio and vivaeions Fanny Barney. 
lOaa Aosten resided at Bath with her fiunity from tba ppring of If 

* It has tieon MaUd tbit at a laMf psrtod, after bar tatxtati Bianiagv, Uri. IH 
lived ia Gaj »Ut«t (.Va 8.) 

aoin? LiTEnAfflf RiMtiisoB aSottt bath 


till toward* (ho doso of 180S. They lived, firallj, at Xo. 4, Brdiuj 
Terrace, and afterwards in Oroen Park Cuildii^. On the death of her 
fstfaer, in Febni&iy, !&)!•* the widow anddaaghten removed to lodfpngB 
in Gay Stroel. Thence tho family betook tfaoniHlTes to Soatbampton. 
The author of the Memoir of Jane Anstea nys that his aunt " does not 
i^jpear to have had any vork in hand daring her four yeoni' resideoco in 
Bath." Tot tbero is assaredly strong intemal ovidenee that Norihitnfftr 
Af4fif »nd P^miaxi'in (Iho latter certainly) were written daring or afler 
that Tcsidenco, Ihongh (hexc i* a surmise that tho Miss Anitens, vben 
yoong pHb, visited Bath with some relativos of the name of Cooper. 
The InOKrapber says, " y onhanger Af-ltnj, thongh not prepared for the 
pTMitill 1603, was certoinly first composed in 1708." 

Is another chapter, Ur. Aaelen-Leigb states that " JCorthan^^r Ahhttf 
was sold in IBOB to a publisher in Bath for ton pounds ; but it fotind no 
little favour in hit eyes, that he cboee to abide by bis Rrst stop, rather 
than risk l\irthor expense by pahliehtng sncha work. It seems to havo 
lain for many year^ untouched in his drawerF. , . . But when fonr 
novela of steadily increasing, though moderate micceaii, had given the 
writer some confidence in herself, she wished to recover the copyright of 
thin early work. Her brother Beory undertook the negotiation. He 
found the purehaser very wilting to rcctuvo back his money, and to reiign 
all claim to the copyright. When the bargain was coucladed and tho 
money paid, but not till then. Tdx. Henry Austen had the aatiflfnetion of 
informing him that tho work whioh he hod ostecmod so lightly was by tlm 
anthorof PriJf owl Pffjudi>-f." The probabthty I think is, that North- 
Oftfffr Ahbty, the Hcone of the groater part of vliich is laid in Itsth, and 
Uia local colouring throughout moat fiiithfu], if originally written in J 796, 
from girlish rocoUoetiouB of the place, mort haTc boon subsequently greatly 
rertsed daring the resideace of Die family in Hath. Tliero is a ripe 
knowledge of society apparent in the book, sneh aa could hardly have been 
attained daring those eocly visits to the Coopers'. With respect to P^- 
ntan'on, I think that there is atrong internal evidence that it whs written 
dnrii^ this rosidenco at B^th, and a certainty that it was written njur 
September, 1804. In that month Miss Austen was at Lymo Itogis. Tha 
chapters in Permation relating to that picluresqae little watering-plaM 
must have been writton from personal observation, and there is a fresbnoiis 
abnat them vhioh seems to iudicate that tho impressions were rei^eot. I 
do not, therefore, quite ocecpt tho biogmphf'r's statement, that Miss 
Auetcn had " no work in band during her four yean' rosidcuoe in B ith."! 

" Jlfl WM hnrieil m Walwil chiirclij-iinl. 

t Mr.Aostco-Lrieli «Utti Hint Miw .\n«ti-n Mtd.icn nrtiPVPi- ttff^xtA t/> bar let ton 
Uic Jnte of Ih" jtm in which they wttw wrliicn, riwreflponilinE with (he fonr vMra 
1901- loos there an only twol«ttew in tbc metnoir, oat writtrD from Lyme, the other 
Uatn Cmj Suiet. Bath. The Ultcr U ■nr>(<c««<l to have ticen wriitta on the Xlst of 
April, 1809. But m her father is italp<l tn have ili«il in tho Fabniarj of that year, 
anl JaneAniten writn (two ncmtlia kfl^rwaH*) in tti« tiighMt ipiril* nlxint tac«nv*cn%j 



There are many people ftnd mimj Ihingff conoselad vitli tbA 
bifltory of Balh, in days beyond Iba momory of iia pnseDt mlubituli.' 
U»t I might bave discoorsed apon, with pleneore at l««8t to myweltt tf DOt ta 
my readers. Sacli ouustaoM aro compalsory in the Kmtted spaea at 1117 £»- 
ponl. I conld not mmble on for ever aboat the beaatiral oity, whidi b 
Utas Bozney's tiuie was so " tonish," which, wbeo it took three daya to raM-h 
it, was Ireqaented by all the chief people of the Inad, bnt which, tboBgh 
still one of the pleaaanlest dveUing-tdaeoe in the comitry, and eon be nndud 
in three hoars, is not now a iaTOtuite resort of faehion, or the eberiabed 
borne of genitifl and learning. 1 can only make two more icleettons fivn 
my list of Bath worthies. They are both within the memonea of linng no. 

Among the later celebrities of Bath was William Beckibrd the jtMa^ 
—cemmosly known as "Beckford of Fonthill" — who wrote tbe romaaoe 
of Valhek in eftrly youth, and some Tolnmos of traTel* wban he waa 
older. De had a tiiate for baildiog towers (or, as tbey are called by 
othen, " foUiea ''), and for collecting pietnrca and nrticles of rerta. On 
tfaeea objoetB of curiosity, which he kept as mncb as pos^bte to lumaeli^ 
he expended vaat eama of tuoney which he had inherited &om liie father. 
a West Indian merchant, who was twice Tjord Mayor of Xiondon, and who 
died irith the civic hameee ott his back. The father was deeply and 
widely regretted — which biatory cannot record of the eon. 

For my own part, I am disposed to think thai the elder BcekfoRl 
vaa n more intereetiag character Uian the younger. He wu a pkb- 
spoken, honest man ; just, generotiB, and charitable. He snabbed George 
the Third, and gave a banqiiot in the City daring his seoood mnroralty 
to both Uoosoa of Porliamoat, which cost him ten thoasand pounds. , 
In thoee days the after-diooer toasts were less " healths " Iban " eeoU- 
mente." Among Ijord Mayor Beekford'stoiuta were, " May the ftandamc 
liberties of EnglaDd bo revered and de&ndwl ! " " 3ilay the noble aasortan' 
and protectors of Hnglisli liberty be held in perpetual remembrnncel" 
" May the viololore of the ri^ts of election and petitioning against 
griovanoee bo confoundod I " " May corruption ecHse to be the weapon of 
Qovemment I " This was 10 1770. One can imaf^ the etartliog elbet 
wliieh 8Qcb a toast as the Inst of these would hare produced at Gnildball 
or the HansioQ Boose, jost a century later, if snbntituted for that of 
•' Her M^esty's Ministers." Not contented witli the rentiUtion of tlMM 
UtMnl sentimentB, Lord Mayor Beekford desired to iodaee his gnwti 
to Kgo a document "binding them while in public life to speak and act 
by the dictates of couaeienea, and to pledge themselves to ■"■ ■"*■!*■ in* 

ealla, aad tntferts, and eraalii^paTttei, It Is sol eairf to raeoocile Um two datea. 

Iba letter ef which I an qmdcbg, aba aajs: "U^oooila George («t the 1 
waa verjr Uail, aad talked aease to me erery now uid then, b tba inlerrali of 

taon aniaiated foolariaa with Miw It . who li t-cry juat^; and ratbar I 

umI wh<iM gTMciiMu Biansen, xvadj wit, %nA •nit'l renuub, put me Boniowliat ia Bilad 
of tuj oU arquftintaBoe I*. L^" Mitnrfitld Park }im» oothing to do with Batb, bat cM 
U IneriitUily renladed hj Ibii of rnnnj' Prico, Coonu Edtatuid, kiii) Mim Cr 

^olobl^ tbo iotogrity of tbo CoDstiUitioD, withont ric^s of ambition or 
■ggrjiodiMnidDt, aoaooompuiidd hy pIao«, peusioa, promoUou, or aaj 
pcraoiud adrantftgo." It i» atAtod that Lord Bockingham fltrongly 
objoctfid Lo this prooofidingt and that Iho inlonUoD was fonigoDe. Shortly 
afi«r this, h« ouido the Ikmans speocli (o Oaorge tho Third, whieh excited 
hii Majesty's roaentmont as ranch u it delighted the citizcni of Londoc. 
Tho biographor of thu yonnger Beekfotd says that soma sceptical [Htraans 
hare qoestioDod whether tho speech was ever i«[>oken. Just before 
dinner at Gmldludl, little more thim n year n^^o, I read tho greater part 
of it engraved in marble bonoiLth Bock&id's slalae, in the BaaqnetiDg 
Hall. It was spoken on the 19th of May, 1770, Less than six weeks 
afterwards he died. Ho hod tnTeUed np finm Footbill (no Tery easy 
jooraey ia those days) to attend to some buEnen oonneeted with tho 
mayoralty, and bad caught a ihemnatio feTcr which ended his useful life.* 
Much honour woe done to him aflor his doatb — especially by the 
, citizens of London. Among tho olegioe Tcrses which commemorated hb 

>ileceaw, was a poem containLag theee Uno* — 
A patriot Una from tnothci erer jtHt. 
N« place, nor peaaion oobU bvtrmv tiU Utut i 
^— His MNil uBUlnttd with the gulden bait, 

B S^'U Kon>c^ !><« n^soiaic maxltas of the greaL 

As bo bad Homiotbing lilce iOO,00(M. a yoar. this was among the least 
of bis merits. What place or pensioo could have been of any use to 
him ? Some ingenioos friend might bare whispered to the poet to sab* 
atilnto the word "title" for "pension." He diftd plain Mr. licckford. 
Worse men bare been mado peera, even in oar times, on accoant of their 
money. But, as the writer says, in by far the best lino in bis pieoo. tbo 
alderman was one, who— 

XMd what Im »id ami said whito'cr he UK>D];lit. 

BO ho had no chance with Qoorge the Third. 

When the j^nnger Beekford sold Fonthill to Ikfr. l-Vrijnhar, be came 
to resido at Beth, and lived at tbo end of LansdowDo Crcsocnt. He was 
then in his eixty-third year. His biographer f nya : "Tho life thltt 
singularly gifted man led at Bath woe as retired as thnt at Fonthill. Ho 
broagfat there the same habits ; bat they wero on a diminished sealc. 
The inhabitants of the city is which ho resided know as little aboat him 
as those of tbo metropolis. He was seen occasionally on horseback with 
the Dnke of Hamilton, passing throng the streets ; hot not more than 
bolf-a-dozftt persons, literary men and artists, were admitted to his ae- 
quaintance. Bis old porter st Foothill, P«f<0, a dwarf, continned to be 
bis porter at Bath. Old servants were still in bis service, and stron^y 

" tn tii« intmm he faiwl gonv np lo tlic Kin^ with m mlilnu <m tbe birth nt one 
ortl>e HQBicroBa roj«I children (■ Prinrawi); Gvurga kepi him w&iring for bome time, 
and then Met b\m a nwauge bj the I^»d ChanbcrlatD, Mying : " Thai u be had 
thenght fit to (peak to tho King after tho answer to &b reranestnuee, hU M^)h9 
denred that notfatng of the kind lalgbt happen for the fntore." 



atiafb«d to hio), m both hig t«nuitr7 and domattica bftd bMo ftt Foot* 
hill." Tliin, at leael, in tininf-thinf; in bin fnvonr. Bnl it vonld Ita hard 
to CDoeeitG aojr eoverer oondeamatjoD of a man of rut veuilL, thmzi Hit 
tMemeat hy i friendly hiographor, thut the inhftlittAots of Bath kstw 
as litUe ahont him aa the citlzonfl of LondoD. It h plain that ba 'wu 
not Dundt)d to giv« to the poor, or olherwise to do hh duty {» hia lHn(h* 
boors. He died in bis dgbty-finh year, on a May morning in 1844, 
baring probably been as UtUo a benefactor to his toMow, as any man wba 
ever lired to many yearg and tpent to rast a earn of moooy. 1 am not 
enrprisfid, thcroforo, to find Ibnt he baa anything bnt a f^ood repntetioo 
in Itatb, among the few who know anything alwut liiui. Ho was, iniUodt 
a vain, iiel£i<b, egottata«al, mtb^r priggieh sort of pvraoD,* with modcnt* 
aHlities, which hin wealth vastly magnifie^I In the eyfrs of bia panUBhtL 
Bath has certainly ruvenged hcrcielf npon him for hie noglcct, by neglecting 
Imn in tiLm. I hare oClen heard htm ppoken of as " Mr. Bednnih." j 
Among the reeognised eights of Bath is "Beelcford's Tower." It* 
Btanda io the Laosdowno Cemetery — a statemeot which, althongh pcrfeotly 
tme, has Hooiething of the sppearanee of on anaohronism. Tar the tower 
preceded the cemetery, which was laid out around tho bonding, and xa 
con&eijaenee of itii anlecodoul existence. For Boekford had directed that 
bis remains should be bnn«<l at the foot of the tower, vrhich was Dot 
within coMccraled ground — a matter which did not disqnict him in 
InaRt. AS it has not disquieted many visor mon. After hia deatfa, Uu^ 
eircni^jaeont ground wafi oold ; and there was a design of approprtatin^J 
it tn tho parpose of a ten-garden. In this crisis, BoekfOTd's dangfator, I 
Doohess of Hamilton, intorvoned, and with filial revarenri^, nnt to be too < 
highly oommended, i^pnrdiasod Uio ground, nnd presented it to tho City ■ 
of Bath, for a cemetery. And a Tcry beautiful cemetery it U. Beelt- 
ford's body rests, thcrofore, on contiecrated ground ncaz Ibc Tower, nt 
itndergroond, bnt in a handsome red marble snrropbagns, within an en-' 
treoohed position, near the batie of the " folly." Tho tower itself is, of 
ooano, dismantled. It contains none of the treasures of art, whieh it 
wofl onee considered a privilege to be permitted to cxamio*. Bat the 
Ireasnres of natore are the same as they ever wcre,^ and yon may see 
from the opper windows much finer pictures than you could bava 
on the inner walls of the eeeenlno bnilding.J 

* It i> nlated in liU ytewtotn th«l be a«iil to a Mentl, " Now nark a linenlar 
I;, which will aertr happen tn yen Kg«in an loop a« yon Ijrw. A fpw ■' t 

t,r« yao my Lireio/ KrlnntTitiMaTy faintm: I now pive yon niinthrrff 

, tenmtf yesn aftrrwardfl. ^Vhatdo vod think of th»t 7 " "Yoor Litr will' 
■MM <Ut t>tt nnoiig lhat(?)(i4 cxtnuirlitiarr anthnra" •'Yea; nnd of extraoritinu^^ 
artipn, li«>." h« Interroplri. 

t ThU tntcVt ivrai to be a trahm t bat It Is sot. For Brrkfonl'a umrt U te 
bolIlM tolooltOTcr ihf city of lUUi inUtltv dtrinnt wjnolrr. and ihe rara! prr^pert, 
dicrafan, Im* Uut lnwii marrvd )>v the ot-tirltj- nf vrhiifvU and moKNia, u uUurrwiM 
tt mlgtit hare tie«o. 

X Beektagd't tomb, a* orieiaally denlgned, had a heat/ iron railbg Monnd It 



"^The Mmitiira af William Tifckfcrd of Ftmthlll, pabUnhed snonj- 
Inonstyin ISfSd, by Mr. Skeet, has the distinction or being one of tho 
TTorfit books ever 'writttm. It would 1>6 Tcry dnil but for tho elip-abod 
B^Ie. wbicb is soin«tiinAS extremeljamnding. Tnke this foran extrnpte^ 
" He (Aldenn&n Beckfoid) laid it down oa & mnxim that do odq ebotild ba 
miffiBTedto Bign bis own confosaion of * crime ifA«i hrau^ht Iw/urf himutlf."* 
A^ain. " On a friond teUtng him (Willi&m n^^ckford, tbe ynnnger) tbat 
A« knew hh sg« from t<ro lotten to Lord Cbatbam, in one of vbicb A<i 
■aid — * ^linm vat mode a Christiim of but night.' < Weil t and no doabt 
yoQ thick a very pretty sort of Christian I was moQuiactund into.'" Kueb 
■ jamble of fu't waa n«ver, perhaps, known before — Uio remarkable Cact 
being that the "he " who wrot« the letter to Lord Chatham ia not onee 
meolionod. The he tos WUliom Beckford, the eldor, who did not writo 
that his 90D waa " made a Christian of." bat " that htn son was made a 
Cbrittian." One more exnmpl^^. Itippeftrs that B«ckford tbe younger, 
with an amoont of fihal rcvercne-e and good tasto not to bo too highly 
Bppr«ciat«d, told some one, in the oonno of conTeraationt that his tathar 
had "Boonwof natorol chiUrm." On which the biographer obserreii, 
" Not Bcores exactly — be recognised and prorided fur them aU. ru irdi a$ 
f0r a JauffhtfT, Barbara, Mrs. WaJe. His Bona were Richard, Cbarl«i, 
John, Itose, Thomas, and KatbanioL" This makes onfc a list of seTen — 
certainly " not scores «nvj/y." Bot the most noliceablo point of all is 
that the biographer eeeois distinctly to repudiate the idea of a daa^t«r 
being a child at all. 

Far more to be held in remembrance, as one of the worthies of Bath, 
is "Walter Savage I^andor. By ties closer or less olofle ho wrs connocted 
with Bath for a period of sixty years. Ha sowed bin wild oaLi here on 
firatcomiog into his paternal property ; he married here ; and he Uesboriad 
here. For many eonsecatire yearn, towards the cloae of bis life, he dwelt 

witli pitlAni or jAen of ubmmrt. A IwJil writer, with rfferencc to the Wldcombfl 
cetnetcrj, at the very nppoiite extremitv of SAth, in which it wu *t ama time placed. 
tMji :—" Tbe whale space in front of the chapel is occapied b^ tbe cDcloearc of the 
lorob of Beckford ot F'mlhil), with iu bcafj- raillocs aai hewn stone piere. Whu 
m p\tf it is ibnl he dltl not himwlf design it I Thrti, fndceil, Iiii gnire wnnM ham 
hmn im omamcni ; wh<>Teaii now it araTnii lueleMlf' to ttctapy (he fomi^Tviand of the 
ehiipel, Tliv n»l cTmiiilc tutnh, which kbs raftda midcr bin ilircction, ii one of the 
nuwt cbulc and benutifnl cffoitu of tbe aralpCor which tnodam times ban) prodoeed. 
DMceadnl from tlio Saxan iiinga, be Is intenvd (?) ahova groiiml. liii tomb beariag 
on bright br«cn ecrolln the wordahohinmoW wiot*," ic. &c.— 7'«iwbi/r* Rvmhtm 
aA»at Bath. Aflcr rciiiuj^ in Widcombe for tome liniv, the wirophagn* dxrnib thn 
LansdoWDo Hill asain, aed lliwe it b now to be i»*n. Tlic outer w«h1u (nilinga, 
Ac) I wa« told hy thv pmiding ^oiiw of tl>« oeraeterj had b«en lold. 

* 1 am reminded by this of a most dclkiotu bit of inftmoation that I rcMBtty 
foand iu a la»liiF3Dab1e Jxnd.oi paper :—" Certain arialocnitic hid tea of the West 
End," it waa stated, " who oanni-.t \iTfxtk the idea of ilioir churrfaes bcln^ cleaood 
ont bf the baads of hireling moaiaU, hare formed UieniBelvn into a socteQ' called 
the PA«Au, tbe mBiabeis of which are wlemnljr pledged to do fAa vorA ^ civoaiaji 


almost cntirelj in Batb, and bo would hare died here but for a 
ciroamstuice, vhioh caasod him, when in hig eigb^-foarlh jear, tjibtg 
advice of his fiioodf, to bolake himself io ItaJjr. The n&turtd impetooalr 
of his temper, acting npon ajndgment impaired by age, rondsred him 
Boareol; neponsiblo for on Orct which none defeodod and all deplored. In 
the words of one who lored aod admired bim, he 

Into ■ dark UhidcimIoqs mk of clout),* 


>gth. V 

and this temporary- obscuration is nob now forgotten in Bath, whoro fitiD 
anj mention of his name eommoQly elieita the remuki " Oh t he did so- 
and-BO, and he had to leare the place." His loeal repatation, perfaa|)e* 
is oren Ides than Becldbrd'a — bnt then he did not build a tower of 
and stoDO. The tovrer which he bnilt was of another kind — exe^it 
numfulum, w cat, — aod years will add only to its beaaty aod its strength. 

What primarily took Laador to Bath I do not know. Probably, in 
the first instAoce, he came, aa many othoni did, from the days of Matthew 
firamble dowawards, becaoee it was comparatively ncceasible from Walef. 
It is enongh, that on tmeceeding to his property, he came hero to spend 
his mon(^ and to write his poems. Mr. Foruter, ^uoUug a letter fimt 
lAndor's younger brother, says that be had " the reputation of great 
wealth, and tbo certainty, at his mother's death, of still greater. A fine 
carriage, thruo horsus, two men BcrrantB, books, plate, ehina, pictoraa, ia 
everything a profuse and wasteful outlay, all confirmed the gra&deor." 
" Upon the whole," adds Mr. Forsti^r, on his own noconnt, " not a H£i 
for such a man either pro6tablo then to bare lived or now to roeall." 
Of course it eonld not last very long. Win affaurs soon became involted, 
and he had to think serionsly of disentangling them. He adopted a mors 
modest plan of living, and aooght better excitement in foreign travel and 
the throes of literary laboor. He visited Spain, and he wrote Covut Jttiittm. 
He lived then on the South Parade, in the lower part of the city. Of hit 
habits of compoaition we have, at least, one extraordinaiy glimpse in a 
letter to Sontbey. " I believe," he wrote, " that I am the &vt maa wbo 
over wrote the belter part of a tragedy in a eon cert- room." As aooo u 
ho bad cumplflted this magnificent monmnent of his geQiaa, be fell in }ove. 
" lb is carious," he wrote to Soutboy, in April, lull, " bbnl the evening 
of my beginoiog to transcribe the tragedy, I fell in love. I have (band 
a girl without a sixpence and with very few aeeompLishments. She ia 
pretty, graeefol, and good.temporcd — three things indlRpensable to my 

The yooog lady was Mies Julia Thnlllior. She was a member of ■ 
family well known and much respected in Bath during a long series of 
yeata. The bead of tbo honse was of Swiss extraction, a membar nf 
noble bmily, who, probably for some political reason, had been enm 

* Bebert Browuiae. I do not ineaD Lb^t Uw |ioeC wrola thla of iMaAar, 
wrate It of Paracelina. 




to emigrate. He had bosiQeii!) rektions iritb',8pun, which kept bim mach 
fewiij bom home, bnt his vtfe bad broaght np ft large nomh«r of boys imd 
girk in a moat exemplaiy manner. Itlr. Forster Bays that Landor. when 
he married Jnlia ThaiUiAr, " seems lit^rallT to hare hail no other know- 
ledge of her than tliat she had more curls on her head than any other 
fprl in Bath." This wuts not propitioas, and the marnage, as might be 
expected, was not a hAppj one. The Mographar, with praiseworthy eac- 
donr, says, " with whom primarily, and to the greatest eitent, the blame 
most be held to rest, I do not Uuult there can bo any doubt." And ha 
adds an extract from a letter written by Mr. Robert Landor, In which the 
brother eays, " I will do this little wife llic jiutieo to say that I saw 
much of ber aboat three years after her taorriage, during a long 
jotunoj throngh Fmnc« and Italy, and that I loft ber with regret and 
pity." One of the sisters married Goneral Stopford, and with the Stop- 
fords Landor eeems to hare booa on tonus of pleasant iuUmaey all his life. 
I remember to have read some cbarming v^rsiclcs which he wrote to their 
dangbter, lAdy Chiu-Ieg Beaoclerk, obont 18-18, in tho Kttpaaka, or the 
Book of Btauttf, iUastratiDg one of tbe loreliest portraits I crer saw In my 
lifo. I snTied the artist whose privilege it was to paint snch n bend and 

Tbo old loTe of Bath, which bron^t bim back to it after many days, 
found expre«flton in one of Londor's early letters to Sootbey. " Yoo 
remind mo of Batb — if not a delightful, a most easy plaoo. I eannol 
boar brick houses and wet pavements. A cMty wiUioBt tbem is a eity fit 
for men before the falLf But, alas I they fell before they built. The 
South Farado was always my reeidenoe in winter. Towards spring I 
removed into PoJtcney Street — or rather towards sommor— for there 
were formerly as many nigbtiogales in tbe garden and along the river op- 
posite the Sonth Parade as there wore in tbe bowers of Scbiraz. Tho 
sitnatton is uuporaUclod in beaatr, and is mrely tho warmest in England. 
I conld get a vralk into the eouotry withont crcnsing n street, which I bate. 
These adTantagCfl often kept me in Bath nntil the middle of Jmie, and I 
always rotomod about tbe beginning of November." Bonthey's tostimoDy 

* There I* n nota at p. S37, roL iL of Ur. Firmter'a bingnphr, rclnUnji to tfa« 
jonngnt biotlicr of LHiidor'swife. Speiking of tbe poet's relationa with the Thaillier 
frnmilv, Iha biographer Miyt : — " Be enjoyed, alao^ ihroagh life the friendliest regard 
of aaettiAr of Us wife's nlathw, tbe yoaagBM of her brotbim, bla gndaon, and cjil]»d 
Waltar idVu him, who became a most dittinfaiifaed en^oeor officer Ui India." 
Fttead uid cuDipoiiioa of lay yooDser dajft— friend happily still of my old aev— to 
think thu thou shoolili t V>g so tlesrribcd u to bo ■carcoly recogniubk, ercn by ooo 
wbo luu knami the* for ncnrly fifty y«an I Tito broth er-in-Uw, li> wlH)in refertinco 
is here made, was aot namtil Walitr- but La/uhr. Be is now Colonel Hcdty Edward 
Landor TballUer, of thoUcngal ArttlUry, not Eagtneen, and ta Sarreyor^Oenerat 
of India. 

t This peaaaes is out Ttiy dcaj-. But Lawlor codM hardly bare meant that Batb 
ma fiM fr«oi w«t pavcnientti. I tm tony to have to record that the pamncnta 
•eem always to be wet. 



in biroar of Batli vras UiaI "in Bjuld of thirty yean' labour 
spoiling it, it atill nimninn the ploftsnnteBt city in tba Idogdom." 
years haro passed eiacc tbis vae ^iltoa, (md it is slill thfl pUasuitttst 
in tbe kingdom. 

\Slicn, in the latter yoara of hia lifo, Lan3or, after long ««' 
Ttftly, rotarncdto England, tie heeiUttid wbetherbo ivould |iitoh 1: 
Clifton or in Uatb. *' It vat my intention,"' lie wrote to SoiiUiej in Sc 

tt^mber, 1687, "torclam nt the end of the tonnlh tn Clifton 

bftvo a great love for Clifton, aboro oil pbico!< in England ; yot I eansot 
endorc tbe eight of fiowers and fieidR, where I bad ever Kpont plensnr&ble 
bonri. So, instead of Clifton, I think I shall go to Bath in the middle i 
nexlmontb." '* That is," writes Mr. For«tcr, vorypertiiuoUj,'<io Ibo 
plaee where be bad lired tbe ino«t pleaeurable boura of bis earl; life." 
be went to Batb, endsogonmed there tweotj-one year?, receiriogfrrtmi 
pAjing risitj to bicnia, rcTiaing old and writingncir bnokp, and ellogethi 
leiding B geninl, chenry, Bocial life, by rn mranis Ib&l of » Utpraiy recini 
Xo man bad more friends, or friendB hotter worth baring ; among tbci 
were I)r. Parr, Sonthry, Charlrs Immh,* I>r. Birch, Bnhfrt Browning 
bis wife, the two Hart^s, Bir Willinm Napier, Algomon Swinbarn*, 
John Fortter, bis admirable biographer. Ihe lut-nanud ot theee 
orery year to Bnth to spend Jjandor'a birthday with bin). His 
critical judgment was of immense ralno to the poet, who inToriably wenlE^ 
wrong, when be rcjocted the counsel of bis friend — and so loss so, wbra 
bo failed to nceept tbe same kindly advice with respect to aflairs of a mora 
personal cluiracter. 

Up to tbe Tcry last day of his li/e tbis old lore at Bath eltrsg lo 
lAndor with as mneh alTvctionate tenaeity as ever. He said of old 
be bred Bath bccaaso it reminded him of Florence ; bat in later daij 
be lored Florence bccaaso it reminded bim of Bath, thoogb it <■• 
compensate bim for the loss of Lbe English city. Pnring tbe ; 
ilia enforced hanishment preceding Ms death, ha aaid more than ooee 
that there was no place equal to Bath. " Had mallei^." he wrole, b 
October, 1858, "compensated Milo for Rome. We have them daily. 
with ortoldDs of I&te, and beooafieos. Bnt theso do not indemnify mc 
for Bath — the only «ty I ootild ever lire in comfortably." And again, 
io December, 1S£0, from Florence, " Bath has no resemblaoee on eaiih. 
and I iMvar have been happy in any other plaee loa^ together. If ertr 
I see it again, bowaT»r, it meat be from undergronod or above. 1 aai 
qolta ready and wilting to go, and would fnin lie in Wideombe ehnrrbyard. 
aa I promised one who is no more." He bad made up Iub mind to bff 
boned there, years before, and the certainty of hie dying in Italy bad 
not iibaken his resolntioo. And, indeed, 1 am not ffiirpHs<>d. AIaia*t 
might it be nid of W^ideombo eborebyard, as Sbeltoy euid of Kcata'i 

* LaiKlor met Jjuttb in ths floab oolf race, — ^bat tfmo friomUhip* ripea U is 



bnri&I-pljiec, tbat " it inigbl make ono (n love with death to tluolc of 
being boricd in so swwt a ^ot." Lnndor bod oelvbmted it in totm : 

WMcomlo : few wtek witli U>M thair raUiog-plAoe ; 
Itdt I, wbeo I lutrc mn mj nary nee, 

Win throw my l-naat npcm llij- clinrchjard Uirf i 
Altboogh nult^ant wins od rmlca ikore 
RsTtt Mimndid »«, itnl I ahan lift nonraro 

Uy hoaij head a>joT« tbo hinlnc lorf . 

His "weftpy raop *' wm closed for eret on tbo 17lh of September, 
1864. The lait years wore saddened by tbo rosnils of the onfortanate 
fend «bieh bad driven bim from Bath. And it mast be an abiding Bnnree 
of sadae«<i tn hifl friends, among wbom I d*as all who loro bim for bis 
vriliogs, tbat tbere is oo outward sign of tbe voDom baring ceased to 
ranUe in faia bcart. Bnt the great Benrober of all b»rt« maj bsm 
orderM it otberwiso at the last. "Who knows ? 

Uow it bappcDRd tbat, after all, bo does cot steep la tbe EagCsfa 
fbnreliTftrd, I do not know. He bad wrillpn, in 1857 : " Three monthfl 
hcDM I pbnll onrc more pnrcbasc a landed property, siinatod in tbo 
ptrieh of Widcombo, and compriaiog. by actual admoasorement, eigbt 
feet by fotir, neit adjoining Wie cbnrrb -tower in the said pariflh."* And 
ngain, in the following year: "I drore onl for the firat lime, and wag 
less fntigaod tban I cipcclcd. My oljoct was my borial-ground. It has 
be«ti fiiad on near tbe rfaorchtoireT at Widrotobe. Bitty y«arB ago, iQ 
this ieft9on (Jtme), I promised a person I dearly loved it ebotdd bo tbcrs. 
Wo were aittitig andor Fome old fldera, now mipplaiited by a wait of tbo 
cbnrchyard." He was then in Bath. Bnt erea from Italy he trrot* to 
Mr. Forater, that, " by means of tbe amflU remnant of tbo pittance be bad 
takoQ with bim, be had ao arranged tbat be sbonld alaep bis last sleep iQ 
the graTO-yard of tbe litUe cboroh sear Batb, where lie had chosen bis 
place of rest." And the biographer, after reoordiog Landor's death, 
Btatofl that " he was laid in the English burying- grooad, and a stone 
placed over the grave." * But tbo only monumout In b« fonnd there is, 
in Bholloy's words, " a monnment of an nnac-eompUabcd pnrpose." 
TbrioG I made a pilgrimage to Wideombo chnrcbyard, bnt eoald not find 
Laudor's grave. Oo my third visit I saw tbe incumbent of the parish, 
who oonrtoonsly gave me the information I songht. The gronnd for the 
poet's grave bad been marked oat, bnt neilber the body nor tbo tomb 
bad ever come to England. Landor's remains tiv ii>t«rred in the Italian 
eity. Florence and Bath contended for him living. Florence gained the 
mastery in death. I am boond to add that tbo mistake was mine, not 
Mr. Forater's. "Tbe Koglisb baryiog-groand " apoken of by the blo- 

* Of lUs stone 'Ur.7onterflT«iaeario»acc(mBt:''On It bad l««nvDt correctly 
hi* niutw and tlw date) of bin birth and dead) : hai tho Florentine ston»-ca Iter's 
Engllah wtu ImpcriSct, lunl U» won! ' wUe.' which shoolcj ham ■ppcannl in the last 
aad trifaate of tba tv^ of thv Imcriptinn, bad Ukea tli« (|iut« train tetUfpblo (bnn of 



graplier vaa the Eoglisb borjing-groand io Floren«e. PeriiApa Oua 
miglit have becQ more clearl; statad, uid somo oipIftDation might bare 
bow oflered of the reuon why the remaiua of the Poet were not snfiend 
to mt irhero bo wished ; bnt I oamiot be angry iritb lui omluion whieh 
earned me to cne of the lorelieit spots in the Dsigbbourbood of tlni 

l0T«lj Ci^.« 

I mtut pause here. I have written f&r more than I intended, bat not 

to much ae it would please me to write. I hare been aecascd of mioj 
omifliionB (among others of the absence of all nolic« of the illaatriotu Mr. 
Pickwick), bnt I was compelled to neloot from the mnltitndo of Bath 
worUiiflB only a few for pojposes of illoslralioD, and to write spariiigl;^ of 
pbicea and tbiBgs. Some amogicg pages might have been written aboot 
the old Bath hofitelrics— the ••Bear/' thp "Bell," the "Three Tooff, 
and olhen. And acaae epaeo might hare been devoted to an necoimt, in' 
n giUTcr Bpirit, of the reUpooB edifices of the city. It may bo a fancy 
mine, bat I bavo often tbooght that there is no place in the kin, 
which, with reforCDCo to the extent of Uio popolntiun, has so many hoiuei' 
of worship. Perhap« it is, that eo many binvg bmlt upon the alopw o( 
the boHntifol bill, more are viable at the samo time. I do not. boTerar, 
think that this wholly accounts for Lho apparent erubeianeo of chnrobes 
and ehftpcls. Evory conceirablo duoominaUon of CbristiaDS has good 
aooommodntion for worship in Batli. I put this down amongst oUksr 
blvaiitages, and not the least, for which the Queen of the West is eelft' 
brated. I come ronad now to the poiiit from which I started — making the 
end meet tbe beginning. Id whatsoever eplnt the words bo nttored— in 
bsaedlctioD or malcdietioo — tha bost advice that I can ^ve to my rmden 
is to — 

"Go TO Bato." 

* I sliouJd hate Btatcd that lasim, daring the IsUlt nan of bit naldSBoa I 
Bath, lired la lUren Street. 

^^t Storg oi fbc (Cibil Strbiw Supplg Association. 


The Ciril 86mce Sapplf Afisocialion u Iho otdeat Co-operative Sod«t7 to 
tho Serriee, and it has been the modal upon whiob all otbcr Londoo Co- 
opoiaUre Societiee bare been funued. AlUioogli barely eight years old, 
uid in ita conuaeoeemeDt most humble, it is notr BeUiog goodi at tha 
enormoos rate of 760,000/. a year, and is fast rerolatioiUBiDg tbe retail 
trade, not only of Loodoa, bat of tbo 'wbolo oounliy. Sorely tbe story of 
iti rise and progrMS Im worth tbe telling. 

Tbo AsBoaiatioD originated in tho PoBt Office. Tho winter of Id&l-S 
(like many other winters, aad for that matter eummors Loo) Ibiuul a 
good many of q4 Post-Office men engaged in it rather bard atrugf^ to make 
both ends moot. Some of oa bad venturod to ask for higher pay, and had 
been frTomed with the usaal fympatheiio bat deprefi»tug repl v, that it waa 
regretted that the circtmutauoee of tbe case would not jubiify any addition 
to onr salaries, &e. &e. 

Feeling, as we did sharply, tho general rise in tbo coet of living, 
eepeoially in the price of all urticles of clolhiug ooaooqaeat on the Amen- 
eim War, ana or two of as had aliwdy betbongbt onrsohes of Oo-operation 
aa a means of laBBcoing oar diffieolliee. I, for one, being a Liberal in 
pohtioB ((or there are some few Liberate in the OiTil Service) had wutelwd 
with intereet the doings of the Rochdale PioneerSf bat ooold not at all see 
bow to apply tbiur oiperionco to oar own ease. 

One day, bowerer, two office frieadii came to mo — it wu, as I well ro- 
toember, a foggy, gloomy day in >!oTemher, enoagb to make one more than 
oBoally despondont — and declared once for alt, that tboy must either have 
more to spend or manage to spend leaa. They had given np all hope of 
more pay, and &s a last reeouroe they proposed that we should try to spend 
less by means of Co-operation. Their idea was that wo should indaeo a 
number of Foet-OQice men to procure their supplies of coat from some 
one eoal<merehaat, in Uie expeetatioa that by the largeness of the united 
order, and by the payment of ready money, we should obtain a consido- 
rable abatement in price. Talking the matter over, we resolved to try 
haying on this phu ; but we soon agreed that cool was not a good article 
for tbo ezpeiiment, and in Iho end we decided to make a beginning with 
tea. That very afternoon one of oa ou bis wfty borne called at a eelebroted 
whoteeate hooee (I even now withhold names for fear of tbe wrath, til 


teUU tradera) &ud Iviirat Uuit by bovisg bolT a cbust at a time, and pay 
ing for it in read; money, vo sboold b&to from 61/. to Oi^ a lb. Wv 
Uiorcforo iuTikd a fow other offico biooda to Join bb. Each wrvto down 
on « lut tho quaDlity ho would Uke, at tho Bamo time bazuLing in the 
money to pay for it. Somo of the moat eaatioos limltod thomselveg to ■ 
bmglo pound ; oLbera boldly co-operated to llto oxknt of ivo poonds, a 
few nab men pledgod tliflmBetres to threa potmdj, and we pmmoian had 
to take enoQgh to make op the full order. 7ho tea was boogfat. and aflor 
uffieo hours wa weighed and divided U aaoDgst the puvhasers. It pruni 
to be excellent, ondfioon a demand arose for mote. Other men In the 
office, ytha had heard of out raooonfdl vcatorc, viahcd to join, and Ihit tisM 
there waa no need for us promoLora to take moro than vo wanted. Some 
one now lackily diacoverttd hii oniply cupboard in the oflieei and here m 
locked op oar s«cond half chest of tea till we eould divide it amongft oopfl 
boItm. ™ 

This cupboard was tlio original storo of the GtH Sorvico Supply 

More tea being very shortly needed, wo prepared tot a tliird parebaw, 
and DOW 60 many joined a& that wo had to buy a whole cheat. It wai bo 
joke to make np 100 \hn, of lea into p&rculs of two or three lbs. a plooci 
but wo were lucky enough to find one who, like old Trapbois, was WtUtng, 
nay eager, to nudcrtako the toak for a consideration. This was a Auay 
little fellow, since dead, whoso duties woro ver^- bumble, and inlary y^ 
moro so. Though QamiiuiUy a clerk, ho was regarded as a kind of croM 
betwoen a clerk and a moascnger. Poor fellow I while his small salaty 
bad DO prospect of increase, bis large fantily iocreased but too fast. Hia 
leunnoration fur Ihis piece of extra service waa the surplus t«a (inos 
three or four pounds) contained in each chest, beyond the nominal amotal. 

Our BuccHBS in tea led us On to bay coffee ; and each time tlut ou 
liat went round the office moro and more men asked leave to join. 
poor cupboard soon became too small for our ever increasing stooks, 
which, moreover, we thought of adding sugar and other groceries. With 
no small anxiety we found oorsolvea constrained to hire a store-room oataiil< 
tho building, a step thai wo felt could not ho safely taken unless we fonned 
ouraelvcB into a regular AsEOciation. Hence uroee the FuEt-C>ffico Sapp'; 
Attodation, which, being an«mArds eitcndcd to the wbolo of tho Civil 
Berrice, in tho end look the title of tho " Civil Ber^ce Supply AFSotna* 
tion." Oar firet impulse wut to call ournelves the "Post-Office 
operative Society ; " but even Iho boldest of na ehrank &om so hazard< 
an avowal — so strong only eight abort years a^ was the pr^udico against 
Co-opemtign, rtgi^Tjcd as it was I'V many aa ideDtical with Socialism. In 
a word, wo tuok tlio thing but not tho name. 

A small committee of Poei-OOieo men was formed; and after much 
anxious deliberation tboy roBolved, and a daring etep they thuught it* 
take a little room at a rent of twelve shillings a wmJc^ in tho porhap* w 
oreX'biUo&ablQ mighhoadiood of Bridginrator Square, Barbican. 


The following is in extrnot from the originBl prospoctoa of the AsBocia- 
tioD, Qow B Tvy scarce oad higLl; prized dooajueiit : 

Thia AnocUtJoD hM been fanned for the parpow of inpiiljuig offlctnof l)w 
Poet Offiioe ud their MeaAa with Articlea M kU luDib, both fix tloBMatio ooiMim|Hioa 
■ad {cntnl aae, kt th« Iowcec wholesale fnaa. 

Thg Ailvuitagts of ihv adicmc a.n wbnoa3^ Wt its full bcDcdts ean b«flt be 
lecond by a sewrol cuubluiUuD la auppon of It oa Ibc pfttt of tbo oOeen of iho 
varioax dqwrtmeatg. 

It u intecdw] tli>t Uw articl«s mmdctncd In tfa« •eGODipttiiTinfr pdee Utt atwll 
bo paidiaaad by Ihe Conunitlec ami dutrifauted anwnj;*! tba mvmbvre. Arrange* 
DMUfai fM the Rippt/ of all other glides luTo been entered into with Un fimu 
named in liw accoiB|MiDjriDg liit. 

Even when the Associatioa v&e fairly started, uid eanjieg oq its 
bosinoss on Ub own premises, the Conunittec did not Tentnre to order any 
goods withoot ascertaming from the members what qoaotil; of each nrtielo 
wai needed. Tbo bnoinesa hood outgrew the ruom in Bridgwater Square, 
and the Committee, in a fit of oxtrnordinnry daring, flogngcd from a 
printer the opper floor of a small hoaso in Dath Street, on the ground 
iloor of which the worth; typographer carried on his own bnsiness. The 
uomomhlo house wherein the third store (counting the original cupboard) 
was carried on, has long since been polled down to make way for the new 
Fost-Offlce bnildingfl, but those who went there to co-operate in those 
early days must have a vivid rt>ciutleclion of the dmtow Blaircaso, whore 
one waa elbowed by printer's de^Hs, and of the daik little rooms crowded 
with pnrchaaerB. Hero, however, we stayed bnt n short time, tho busi- 
ness growing 80 rapidly that within a very few months tho Committco bad 
again to seek larger premises, and this time, after making temporary 
nse of some premises in Wood Street, they took a really dexperate leap. 
After many a htrat for n house big enough to muol any prubable increase 
of baiiiQess, two of oar Committee discovered a soitable one in MonkweU 
Stre«t, a very narrow, out of tho way Ihoronghfaro near Cripplegate 
Church, and filled « ilh eonfidcDce by post saeeess, they Look it oo their 
own responsibility at a rent of 400(. a year. Great was the anxiety of 
the rcnuJndor of tbo Comnutt«e nt this bold proceeding, though the 
intention was to sublet tho upper floor of the house to 8omo Firm that 
should undertake to sell gouds to the memben at whcdesale prices. 
Tenants were feuDd in certain hosiers, relatives of one of tho Post-Offieo 
elorka, and tho arrangement worked fairly wull for a time, hut as soon aa 
it could safely do bo, the Committvc regained possession of the floor, and 
onderlook the sale of hosiery on its own account. 

From this point the ooirative, from being one of small beginuingg, 
becomes tho story of a large and rapidly incroaaiDg bnainesa. 

Firsti the Committee obtained part of an a<.iJoining house, then tho 
whole of it, and after a time the other ailjoiniag house, and part of a 
house on the opposite side of the street. A fresh house was taken in 
TiHiera Street, and subeeijuently a larger one in Long Aore, for tbo 


MffiTenuDM of We«t Had mambert . B«ibre Ibu Uau, « great pnami 
had been pnt apoD the Commitioo to open ft Wort End Btor« ; hot Huq 
would not then maka Lha vealnra, and liiifl, imougst other caium, W 
Ui the eslablishmeDt of th« siitt4r Aasociktion, entitled " Tbs Otvil Sor 
yiee Co-operatiTe Socie^," whieh bjia ita stores in the Haynuilcel. 

The City bouiMss of the Associatioa mil. doriag ^tha pnesnt nootk, 
h« remoTed to very ]&rge and bAndRoni& premises, near tho Heralds' Col- 
lege, in Qneen Victoria Street, now bailding eipreaaly for ita tuw. 

I have not menliooed the extreme dU&coUy which tfas OomBlttH 
experienced ui inducing whoteaale bonsefl to deal with Uie AxsoataticcB, 
eipeeially wben ite doingH found their way into print. Though tmij 
DKmey was always oSeied, together with good ordorB« moat of tbs wliol»- 
aala botisea hnsg back, declaring that onlefis the orders were vary btgi 
Indeed, they shontd not fe«l warranted in encoanterin^ the fierco oppoei- 
tion of tho rotttU traderti. And uuw let tu mark the oonseqaenooa of thii 
opposition. Very large ordtira being out of tho qnestlon, so long it 
eostom proceeded only from a limited number of p«r£ona, oacb of niode- 
rate ineome, and Civil Servants geoorally not yet juiuing in the aunt- 
ttenti the Co-operators were obliged, in self-defence, U> extend wtmiaiiaa 
to qoasi-momberahip beyond Civil Service boands. Even this oxtraneou 
aid barely carried them through the straggle ; the retailers having, over 
and over again, saeeeeded in deterring particnlar firms from snppty^ing then 
with goeda. These ^uaai'momberH, however, ealled by as " sabscrit 
were by no means admitted to any share in management, which iode 
daring the first year was strictly confined to a Poet-Offieo Commit 
though aTterwardii extended to represuutatirea from the OivU Serrira 
generally. The oscliisiou of the general public from uathority we havt 
regarded as one of tho chief ceases of our aaceess. Snbs«rlbers, hoir- 
ever, by an aonoal payment of Us., obtain all the commercial advanta^ 
eqjoyed by fall members, except that their purchases are not deUvcreJ 
eaniage-free. The full members become so by taking each a 1 1. share, of 
wLiehi however, only IOj, hua beon called ap. Ko one ie allowed to hold 
more than a single shore, nor are shores saleable or tranaforaLIe in asy 
way. On a member's death, his ehoro ia eanceUod, and his depottt 
retomed to his faiuilv. UutU about a month ago any Civil Servant not 
below the rank of a clerk was eligible as a sharehoMer ; but actual adioia* 
sioD to the ahardiolding body rwiairod the approval of tho Committee. 
Tho number of shareholders, which has largely increased daring the last 
three or four years, is now abont 1,200. 

By the roles of tho Association, any proGts which may be made are to 
be spent in redaoing the prices at which the goods ore sold. Even in the 
outset, prices were not fixed higber than is deemed needfiil lo tonr the 
working expooses, which now amount to only G or 7 per cent, oa the 
wholesale purchase price ; but, of coarse, the Committee ia Its onlcaU- 
tions bos always taken good care to be well on the safe lido. It ii, , 
perhaps, owing to extreme prodcnce in this matter, though, probably. 



ilnore to tlifi Deed felt for a couaulcnble working eB[iiU1, that the Afisocia- 
iion b&s grotlaaUj ot'cumolated Uie emu of fttout 76fi00l. Tbe vory 
iitu^itu'io of litis cspilftl bu, however, proved a source of danger; for, 
ithoot qnertioDr some pcnums have ni diOWcat times ohtuincd abaras 
ninpty in tbe bojXi of bmakiji;> ap tbe A^SMiaUoD aod getting m sbaro of 
tbe fipoil. UappUjr those anjustiCablu slteiopts have hiUlorto lAwtyu mot 
vith eignol dofbat, on orarwbelaUDg m^Joritf of the iLareboldon being 
detcmiioed lo mumtam t|io AflsoctAtioD in buD«8t and faithful uccordiuace 
with tbe principles upon wbich it was fonnded. 

th6 lut beJf-jcarly meeting of tbe ABsoeiation iQ April, a pro- 
was brongbl forward, to limit tbo flhureboIdiDg bod^ to Uie present 
nambor. After a prolonged and animated dtscossion, it was rcaolrud lo 
Bobmit the proposal to the vote of the whole of the sharoholderBf which 
wus taken l<; ballot. Oat of tbe i.WO ebftreboldon oolf 1,300 votfrd, 
bat of UiOM who did Tot« there wan a mikjority of 400 in favoar of tbe 
propoaali which waa aceordiuglj carried. Ofcoane. eoold the nceumu- 
hited profits ^e divided, this limitAlion of tbe namber of sharehulders 
would give the Khnrea a eonaidemble t&Iuo. Legal opinion, however, it 
^ entirely ag&iaat tbe poflsibilit; of thos diflpaaing of any post aecamulatiijiu, 
■ which by the roles can only be speat in reducing the prices of aiiielcs 
H Bold. It is oxpceted that thoBo who have thus obtained a limitation of 
Biho sharobolding body, will sow eudenvoar to cury snob on altoratioD ia 
the rules as will allow future proGts lo be devoted to a Mldow and 
Orphan Fand, or to same sacb imrposc. Any change in the constitution 
of the A&sociation, having for its object tbo beuu&t of the Civil Servan'.s 
Pi •■■ !-om tbeir fn>nd« the subscribers, is viewed with much 

oir. . _ '. >iur bv most of the earlier mcmhsre of the Society. 

The nanib«r of eabscribers is now limited to 15,000. Whilst this 
oiunber fomi&hea a eltenlete safficiently atrong to enable wbolewle booses 
to diarogard the retail traders, &ouio check is pluced npon tbo onloignmeut 
of the bosineBs, aad consequent increase in the bdiour and ntspODsibility 
of management. 

Tbo estroordinaiy rapidity with whieb the business has grown, will 
best bo seen from the fullotiin^ table libewing the umoont of salea >t tbe 
■tpras daring each yeur of the Afsociation'a exi^teuce, viz. :— 







Amamt tff Sttta. 





. 447/>00/. 
. C4«,<M0f. 

. 723^00/. 

iiig the half year ended March 31st ht£t, the eales reached 
809,000/.. beiDg, thorefiiro, »t the rate of 781,000/. a ytar, vu..-. Sm 

TOL, XXTIU. — XO, 103. %. 


grocer; and wine, 410,00<K. ; for liosieij ud clotfaiDg, 102,000/. ; nai fee 
fiuey goodj, statJoDerj-, See., 162,000/. At the prMcnt time about 8,100 
11m. of teft and about lH lous of sugar am sold weekly. 

The articlvs sold it tho stores coiinst principally of grooariss, ogus, 
and tobMco, vino and spirits, hosiery and drapeiy, fttationciy, boob ui 
none, vatchos and jawsllary. But most of tbeee articles, ami, 'aitti. 
almost ovtary otbor nrtido of ordiuarf demand, can also be obtAiood bf 
Bwmben and sahflcribers at low rates, though, of cotuso, only for rei^ 
money, at all stieb warehouses and shops as have BirangemeDts with bi. 
The latent Quarterly Prtca List, whtcli, from a single Bmall sited L« 
grom to be ft hook of more Uiaii 200 pngcs. shews that tbti oovenu^ 
firms are uot less than aboat ^50, while Iho reducUim promiBsd a 
prices ranges from S to 2i> per cent. It is bolioTcd that this additioial 
bnsiaess afflotmts, at least, to 800,UUU/., and not improbably to as wak 
as 1.000,000/. a year. OouUrary to what might bo expoctcd, this pst 
of tbo system works satiti&ctorily ; for, tliongh porcbasers nro lonteito 
eomplain to the Commiltco if tboy over have roasou to stippo<« O^J 
do not obtain the full discoimt promised, few complaints aro Teo«I<aL 
These, however, are all thomughtr examined, and vhenorer thoy pmn 
to be well fonudcd, the offending firm is struck off the list. Monanr, 
members soon loam from eoob other at what shops they aro cirillj s»i 
fiiirly treated, and act accordingly ; so that some of tho firms which han 
been connected with the Association from its early dftya. liavlog gradoil^ 
aeqaiied a high repatatiou amongst as, ore now doing a ruy 
business with onr members. 

The members have tbo advantage of a tailoring department, carritA i 
in Bedford tilreet, BtraiiJ, which, hon-ever, was for a long time a ■oures fi 
groat troablo to the Committee. Hncb difficulty was oxporJESo^ 
getting, and still more in keeping, good workmen, who led in a tajt 
manner ; and tbo work was frequently so badly done oa to convinco 
Oommittse that th« workmen wern bdog bribed to spoil tho clothM 
tniated to them, and thus to entail loss npon the Associullon. AiUr • 
while, and by the cxereise of great pontOYeraDce, these diffi>^alUe« bsn 
an been oTercomo, and the tailoring department promises to ba a gnit 

Kotwithstanding that the retail price of tho articles sold at tbo BloM 
is on tho avorogo some 6 or 7 per oont. above the wholesalo price, 
happens evety now and tlien that, owing to a ri^e In thu matlcol 
between the pablicatioo of the qnarterly price lists, the market price 
eom£S higher than the retail price at tbo Stores. UnloEs the utiek U 
one of lar}{0 i^cueral consumption, such as tea, the Committee adb<irca ts 
its retail price until the issna of the next Qnarterly Pnro List. TUi 
sometimes loads to on attempt by retail Lrudurs to boy np— of eoarti 
Ibrangb some sobscriber willing to play (also to tho Assoeialion— il 
tho stock in hand. During the Franeo-Oerman war as attompi «■• 
thus made to buy op all the Champagne, and not many month* ago a 


[rapid ma in the market prioe of vhiia pepper and of anehoirieK led to 
EUoilar- attempts with these utictoa. Large orders oio never novr exo- 
cat«(i witlioat such iiKiiury as aatis&ea the Commiiiee of tlieir being auide 

^ia good faith. 

The As6ociatioQ diractly omplc^i about 400 people, and pays np- 
vardti of 4b,I)01J/. a yem in BaUiriefl atiil tragefl. The stores m Long 
Acre staod at an annual renin! of GOOl., whilst finr the new stores id 
Queen Yietoria Street the mere groanil rent is no less than l,iOOl. The 
premisos themselres wo are about to purchase for 15,000/., while a 
further rent of 20W, a year is paid for a warohoatta at Waril'i) Wlinrf; 
where are kept targe stooks of every artiole in the price iibt. and where 
are executed all large orders for goods. Something haa been said as to 
Ihe causes of our wcU-doing, bat it seems desirable to iuquiro farther into 
the reason of snceoss so unproctilcnlod. The Assooialiun is now one uf 
the largest buyeni nud sellers in Ku^land, nay, in the world ; luiil yet it 
wa commenced and has been carried on by a body of men who in their 
ocdinary employment neither boy nor sell. Moreover^ the p^rsonntt of the 
Conunittofl so changes, that at the present time there is left upon it bat 
one of the original membars, while every fresh Committee-man, of coarse, 
has to leant Uiu very ABC of cnmmerciuJ biisiuess. For explanation, I 
belifiTO wo may fairly point first to tbo high senao of hononr which 
perrsdos the Qoremmont service, and whieh always renders it easy to 
find abtutdance of men whose integrity is above soapicion ; — seooudty, lu 
tbo admirable training for bnaiDOss (viz., the adulation of means to an 

' endt AS. Ur. Walter fiagehot happily dolincs it) which the Post-OUico 
aerrifo affords ; — and thirdly, to the corporate natore of the Civil 
Service. In the establishment of almost every ordinary trading com- 
pany, as it seems to me, the promoters vm at some advantage for them- 
aelres and their friends beyond what ia avowed, getting perhaps a larger 
allotinent of sharee, or obtaining thera on more favoorablo terms than Uie 
general pablic, or at least aecoring appoiutmeots for their nominees. 
Indeed, so general is this practice, that it would, 1 suppose, bo 
impoesiblo to pereaado the puUic that a company had been formed 
on BUi^ a footing as to give equal benefit to every individual shareholder. 
On the other hand, when the Civil Service Supply Asscd^ktion was 
formed, not ably did not the originators of it obtain any special beuofit 
for themselves, but no one ever ima^pned that they did. During the 
eight years that the Aasociatton has boen in eiiatenco, though nearly 
2.C00,O00/. haTO passed through the Committee's hands, there has arisen, 
80 far M I kiiyw, no sospiciou whulevor of iiuy dishouesty, or uveo of any 
qnestionablo dealing. 

As I have before stated, tho Association originated and was organised 
in the Poet Office — a department >(hieh, under the guidance and eontrol 
of Sir Bowland Hill, had seen a great rise of able and en«^eUe men. 
£vou in eorliur daya. Post Offieo nicit had of course talien constant pari in 
ft vast nod conipUx Uwioet^ ; bat tho introduelion of penny-poatoge bad 


prodigionsly enlarged tbis bntilaess in oU its Uruwhos. Itforeorer, Ea 
Bowlnad'a sjrBtetn of maoftgcmeut — particnlartv hu bold nppUcnliiB •( 
the priocipU of promoUoa ^y merit inat«Ml of by lAnioritjr — had nol oa^ 
ftdvaooed Able men to importani posld, bat had bronght out thnra^Mrt 
Uie serried ponders previoaaly laloflt. Mr. Boudntaon. in a ncBsl 
lecture, staUid lliut Uie indirect resalLK of Str llowl&nd'a postid rsCsrai 
have been even greater than the diivi^t. Amongst Ibcse indireet reealh, 
as due to tbe general spirit of activity aod enterprise thufi cngendtfat. 
mAy, I believe, be retikoned the estAbUshment of the Civil Servic« Sepf^ 
Association and tbe kindred sooletiea wbicb this bu called into Cfe. 

Auolher main element of Boccess ts ^ha eoiporule nulore of tbe P^ 
OfSco, and of tbe Civil Service generally. Tbia providad a Urg« bncbta 
coanexioBt already linkod together and aee^asihle without tlie aid »f id- 
Teitiaements, bo soon ub the value of tbe AssodaLiou wa« prorcd. Umt 
over, there was a epecial guarantee for integrity. Krvrj one la tbe tu^ 
Office either ImowB or can easily know Eomctbing of everj brother odUr 
of whatever rank, and LbiH holds good, though perhaps ixi a leseor da^Mt 
of every Gov«niuient Jepartmeut. Kvery Committ«e'Diao has &U ttiatll 
reputation ns a Civil Servant wasof fur too great a value to be eadi 
by any an&iir dealing iu the affairs of tlio Association ; tlie mottTS I0 
titado being no stroog, that to pat men of oven modoratoljr good of 
standing on tbe Committee was to reodor it certain that tha work 
be honetitly and diligently done. While, however, the Aesocintioo f« 
tbos for snececded so admirably, it seema tu uc that its Cuture eowa, 
not IJret from danger. 

Tbe sbamboliliag body, composed as it is of npwards of 4.000 
Servants from all branches of the Service, who have beeu admitted It 
membenbtp without any reference to their GtDMis foi' tho positioo, his 
sometimes proved vcfy aomly. Latterly, bowevEr, the iatrodaetioci*' 
the plan of voting by proxy has grefttJy rodaoed tho power of the ooo- 
parstively small IracUon <k shareholders who ant dispoied to be troaUe- 

The pay of the Committee, too, for dnties involving macli samfies ti 
woU'camod loisnrc, conKiiIcrabto labonr, and great reFponaibllity, is xmj 
low. So long as salanen are timited to SO/, or 90/. ft jeaTt the CoxomitlN 
mastremainatoocbangeablcbody.nnceeapablemencannat be peitnonat^ 
retained on such terms. Hitherto the Association has been mainly wrnl 
by men wboee chief motives were pride in its stieeeiw, and a denre to bsoelt 
their feUow-offieers, but of course this will not last. T!in time most eooM 
wbeu the chief inducement lo sack service will bo Ihu deaire of adding 1^ 
income : nor should it be expected that the Assoclfttion will be maintaii 
in full rigour, unless tbe payment to the Committee be made sulbeienl 
indace well qualified men to sen'o mainly as a matter of basiaen. 

A reilaolion in tbe shareholding body, with a limitation of it to salt- 
able pvnwns, is now out of the quosUon. Many of as Fost-Odleo mi 
thought, and still think, thai a groat mistake was made in not naoli 


retaining the eoctrol of the AsBociation in the Post'Offiee seirice ; though, 
of coarse, we quite approTed of admitting the remainder of the Civil 
Berrice to all the other advantages of membership. I feel no doabt that 
. shoold the present Aseociation ever collapse, the Post-Office men would 
rapidlj and saccessfnllj organise a new society on the plan of keeping the 
control in the hands of a moderate nomber of trustworthy and reasonnble 
men of their serrice. 

About two years ago, when our Association limited the nnmber of snb- 
flcribers to 15,000, a new society enUUed "The New Supply Association " 
was projected to take in those friends of Civil Servants and others who 
could not gain admission to the old. Several of the then members of 
our Committee joined the direction of the new Association, which is cbn- 
dncted upon the same general principles rs onr own. I see by the first 
annnal report that the Association, which has its stores in Long Acre, has 
during the past twelve months sold 20,000/. worth of goods to its 
members, so that it has made a good commencement. 

I must mention, in conclusion, that I have never served, and certainly 
never intend to serve, on the Committee of Management myself, althongh 
I have had the opportunity of watching its work from the commencement 
to the present time. 

A Post- Office Man. 


t^t ironies. 

Ko soil lias tbo moiKipoIy of Qumns. Alike in iiio barbftrie empdrM i 
ILe East and tlui ChriBtiaD DaUoDS of thn 'WcaI, vb hchnM nuiafe* 
less praofii and taouumonts of that force vldch has bean invsistilik is 
bursting tbo narrow bounds b; wluob it wu Bougbt to bo coniiDsd, nl 
whicb men cull Oenins. Tliis power, or adapUbtlitj, or vhateTor niM 
is cboson to bo given to it, is seen to be independent oT the eooditiM 
which affect mcii genorally, or at least it rifoa saperior In tbem ; it ii i 
law to ittwlf ; io Uio world's durkest agon it bus cndonToored to piOH 
tbd secrotfl of the nniTorse, and has nttored langai^ ^bich baa becD tl> 
Bccd of wiadotu for succeeding gcoeratioDs. IltmiAtiilT liaa been bM 
iadituolubl; knit tc^otber, nnd tba gnlf of tinto brid^ over, by a Cofr 
fiicioB and a Bacon. Triilr independent, indeed, of tho acciilcnls of tiw 
or place, " the light that never vaa on Innd or sea," — to give u bmi 
applicftUon to Wordawortli's gmphio cxprcngion — beams forth apoo aO 
ages and peoples, bat id gleniRB aa filfol as the ligbtoing which dean* 
Uie dense tbonder-cload. Tho greatest onbrolcen snecossion of the 9bA 
is tbis same genius, yielding tboM pnteatiolitios which have operated fa 
Lho ovil or tlie good of mankind. Wore and enthnsiAsms have b«B 
kindled by it, and dying hopes bave beim revirified br its li£»-| 
influeoco. It cannot dio. Tt^ light may bo ob^cnrvd, bat oerer eit 
gojsbod. Wbore the Divine spaj-k exists it mast btieomc monifoat, 
t<i impertsliiblu. 

Bat our proscnt pnrpaso is to look at genius fi*om a point which 
seeBes evea mom of intorest than tte impcriflbability. It i« to oott Hit 
appearance in scones n-bicli it biis crei favom^d, and where it ba« oiwan 
diuppointed the world. How firoqncntly in histoij has it taken up 
abode in the most anjiromisiog soil, whoro tboro seemed uo root far 
rare nad citraorJinary ^'rowth I \Vh*re nature has most darkly froi 
and the sterile aspect of her moors and hills has bad a corroflpc 
iufioence upon the population, tbcnoe bavo sprang somo of the eh uJ w at 
spirits, whose lives were fragrant, and whose memories still 

EiDcll tKci-t tiiil blmaom in llio du«U 

Perhaps no oxample conld be cited in oar literary aamls wtiiob nc 
clearly demonstrates tbo irropressibility of gentos Ihan Ibnt of the remwk- 
able tho of ststora who wcm known originally as Currer, KIlis, and AcImi 




Ben. Thetra1jsnrpriBingTigoorofthDirmoDt.aIeoDstittitioiiscan only bo 
ratet; ganged hy a eon^duratioD of the mitaral and other disadvan- 
; which thej sneoMsfoUj overcame. To num; pentoos, we sappoao, 
Ihey will eTer remain hot a name, thongh one almost sjnonjmoos with 
aturdj iadep«Qd«nco of eboraeter ; but to those vbo more deeply study 
their separate iBdividualttieft an nntold wealth of interest and profit will 
be diacoTcrod. Their life'u history proTes that in the rnout barren rogioDfl 
the pover of geoiiuf can floohsb. The bleak, Tvild moorlands, with their 
poverty of natnral beanUee, vrerc the ttnisory of rich lives, whoae ioflaenoe 
— with that of all other Urtts iu whom the Diviniiy has intimately gpuken 
— Itill lives, and nmsl lire, for long generationE. The pensonul narrative, 
as related by Mrs. Oaelccll, is one of mingled p&thoe and rarity. Some of 
Ibo points in the Life of Cborlotle firotitv it will be adTtsablo to recall lo 
the reader's attention boforo the works of the fchreo Bisters IbemselTes 
are passed in review, tlxworth villngo, wboso parsonage was bo long 
lbs rosidenco of the Bruotes, is tn the West Riding of Torbsbire, and 
cttnatfl only n few miles from three towns of considerable importance — 
Halifax, Bradford, and Keighlcy. Tbo friend of Charlotte Bront*^' has 
endesvoarcd to giro some idea of the appearance of the diettict, but evea 
she fails to depictitro it as it exinted in the early part of tbo prtnoDt cen- 
tury. In addition to the dull, monotonous strcteb of moorland, with hero 
and there a "bock" or a crag, as the solo rarlattoa for the weary eyo, 
there was a popiilaliun to be met with which in some respects exhibited 
no advanco whatever over that of the Middle Ages. 3for is this scarcely 
to bo wondered at, for within the lioowlcdgo of the present writer, to 
whom the whole locality is porrcvlly familiar, there were living a Caw 
years ago mdlridnala who bad neror beheld one of the foremost powers of 
civilisation— the railway. Great natarol sbrowdncss uadoabtedly was a 
characterlstie of the inhabitants of the lUdiu;^, aud in many cases a rough 
kind of bonhomia was added, which, however, was freqncnUy made more 
oSensive than positive rudeness. Add to this that there was very Uttlo 
opportonity afforded to the poor for culture — twelve, fourteen, and 
sixteen honru per day being their eonstnnt labnnr at the faclonrs — and 
the imagination will have little left to do in funmitg an estimate of the 
exoteric existence of the Yorkshire character. The people were, and 
indeed now are, bard-fiKted, hnt ecareely so much bo as the reader of 
Mrs. Ga&kell would gsLhec ; for many hare a passion for personal odora- 
menlf whilst others will spend considerable time and money in attaining 
profleuDey In mnsle, fur which they Irnve a natnral talent lieyond that 
possessed by the iobabltants of any other county in Eugl&nd. Tbey are 
good friends and good haters. The misers, moatly, arc to be fonnd in 
tbo typo of small maoufacturcra or cotton-spinuers, who, bereft of many 
of those graces which HhoiUd adorn the bomau character, set themselves 
wiili dogged perButeaoy to the making of "bmss," as they term wealth. 
With soma the puaion is earned to a lamentable, and at the samo tlmo 
amawDg exeen. A eharacteristie story is told of a person of this class. 


Trbo was tolfirablj rich, And hnd l>oaa xi^ixfid n-ith Ulness Roon ftfier Ukibc 
oot his policy. Wheo the doctor made him avsro of bis bopoIsM dal4 
bojnmpcd up deligbUd, KboutiDg, " By Jiogo I I sbail <ia tbe inSQiiON 
eompanjr ! I alwavs wnn & lacky ft:Uow ! " Another Irait in ^to^ math 
poorer in stattoD than thooo just reft^rr&d to waB Ibo fixcdnoas of iLw 
religions priuelplea. Th« doclriao of ElccUou biul firmer root is tfatir 
mlnda— 4iid bdeedhas now in those of their saoccnorV' — than u foRiBlto 
be tho CM& elBdwhere. Tho foetwy hands wonld Btuid ut tlio \oam liH 
Dotoro yielded to comumptJOD or to Uio harduew of tho banlotu it n* 
called apoQ to bear, hut in tho honr of diasolatton, ns in oroty boar d 
EMitient existcticti in tho past, would be appuent the cooTictictn tbtl ■ 
Burutj' an tho euii roso in the tnoniiiigi so eamtv were Uiey theouirhct 
predestinated to a trinmphasi salratJOD, of vbich it vaa an impossihib^ 
the; «oaId bo riflod hy tho combined powers of the UDiversA. AnidK 
this flt«rD and cnrieMing race, then, was tho lot of tbe tniiterH cttat. and it 
iroutd baTe been strange bad not tbeirgeniaa been directed in iu tuimlibsg 
by raeh distiocUro Bturoandiogs. To anderetaud at all the spirit of lk« 
vorkfl, it is ncce^&rv to have some preliminarj knowled)-o of Iba kbi 
jnst indicated. Precocttj distiDgnishcd the fcholo trio, though thai is 
□oi an nofailing si^n of (iitnro cetebritji'. When childicn, tfaoir anmrai 
to qnestioDB were clever and cbaracterieUo. Emily, whose intellect wi> 
always smgnlarly clear, firm, and logical, when aaked vhat ahonU bl 
done with her brother Uranwell, if he tihcmM be naughty. Inultuitly replied* 
"Reason with him, and when be won't listen to reaiiuo whip Litn." Aoi 
as another indienlion of the quick ripenbg of faraltics io this remarkaKi 
family, it may be montioood that Mr. Bronte said he eonld conTeree wiib 
his danghter Haria on all the leading qaeations of the day when she vu 
only oloTflDyaare of age. Early fiiniiliiu- with all the forms of vaSmag 
aod death, the life of Charlotte Brontu from its commcseemeut to its doM 
may be said to haTA beeo one prolonged endnrruue of agony* Yot Ui* 
grandonr of bor eooragc must always etriko ns t» ana of tho mbUiiMst 
speotaeles. When a child ahe lost those who wore dear to her, and then 
were none who coold nodentand the vast yeaniiogs of ber natni-e. Xben 
came the stirriiigs of her genins, and she longed to take flight, hot bar 
wings were weighted, and she was kept eDob&inod to the doll earlb. A 
few more years, and another troable, almost worse than denth, ca«t its 
borribln shadow oTor her path. Tho melancholy story of her hmlbcr 
Simowcll, whom ebe lored deeply, in spite of hia numberlesM erroni nod 
terrible slaTery to one tnastC'r-pasnrin, is matter of general knowledgo, To- 
liis end enrecf-ded that of Ktuily Bronte, tbe sister whom Charlotte ks|mi 
eially loved. To see her drift oat into the great TaliauwD Scu ira*. 
troable ineipreesible to that lonog soul, which bad watched bor with 
fostering earo, and hoped to hare witnoeacd the nnirerval acUoowlodgnuisi 
of ber splendid geoius. Seldom was the heavy cloud lifted from the bead 
of our author on Oiose dull Yorkshire hillti : can it bo matter of surpriM, 
thca. that bar works Bhuold bear the impress of the ehoiaoter of ho; Ufi* 2 

TBE BllONTiis. 


Tho wDoder i«, that Iba ran sboulil break tbroiigfa rI all, u it doea in 
SUirUy, with b^nms of real gcnislitf nnd checrfaltiM!). Rnt tho ^ia wu 
deatmetiro of tbut gcotlor kiod of hamoor of vbiclt va ore sore Cbnriotto 
BroDtt* most hftre hod orij;ioal)y a cnDAidaratitd ecdovnMDt. Slia was 
necessarily propelled toirarda the painting of vhftl was freqacntly harsh, 
kud alwavs pecoliar and extraordinary. Her pcrceptioDs were keeu — as 
will Iw admitted by the cloae atmleiit of her works — not only of hiiinan 
lifct but of nature, and what she wrote miiat therefore eibibit t)ie qnalitiea 
of- trath aad streuglh. fieTore dtficiplinu wait^'d npon bcr tbroogh all her 
history, aud ita rcGoUa are graphicidly depicted in her worku, each of 
vhicb deals with the experience of some stage of her brief aiisteoee. One 
olmoHl wonders, as we fallow her career, wbere bcr bnpptuess came firom. 
Tbero was no society, no wealth, none of tho common dcljgbts of life for 
her, whilst doalh was always apprpaebiog with measured, but tneTit&ble 
alups, when not, indeed, already in tbu hoaec. Doubtless her literary 
occypations yielded her at Umoa intcnso eiyoymont, bat sbe poeaeued, in 
addition, a faith in Proridonce which muiit have been like that of a child 
for simplicity and strengtlf— a faith to which toBny, who boasted of their 
Christian excellenco, were perfect strangers, and to whom its existence in 
her was utterly unsaapected. 

The iron will of this truly great woman was never broken tiQ Uw 
period came when she mnst yield up her own life. Then the weakaetn— 
if Koch it can bo called— which aho oshihited, arutre not from any fear 
lecpccliug Lvrsclf. but for tho teuJur aud faithful husband whom sho waa 
teaviog behind. DesolatioD, blank and ntter, overtook the father and 
husbmid when her heart eesEcd to boat, such as the old parsonage had 
DDTQK •xporieooed huforo. Cbarlotlo'B spirit had nerved otberfi M hug as 
it was with them, and the tenement uf hrpe was not completely ehntterod 
till she died. Tho pietore Mrs. Gaskell giTcs of the closing momoots and 
of the ftinoral ia rory toochiog. With regard to tho lattor it painfoliy re* 
minded her of the scene after the death of OUver Goldsmith. Mr. 
Forater thus dcscribea it : — " The staircase of Brick Court is said to have 
bocn filled with moomers, tho reverse of domestic ; women witfaoat a 
home, without domesticity of any kiod, with no friend but him they had 
come to n-ecp for ; outcasts of that great solitary, wicked city, to whom ho 
hod never forgotteu to be kind and charitable." Such would have followed 
Cluurlotte Biontc-'s remains to the grave, hut the anrvtvors wanted not tbe 
qmpathy of strangers, their grief being too keen to be aasnaged. Tho 
detractors of the writer of Jane i?yr<^ could have hud littlo real tmdcr* 
staudini; of her. Thoee who know her beet were Ibe fallou and distreaned, 
to whose wants nhe had ministered, and, better still, into whose bmised and 
dejected souls she had poorcd the sweet balm of sympathy. Such shall 
jodge thti woman ; as for bor geoins, that will take care of itself; itafrnila 
ore too gonnina to bo in danger of porishing. 

Tho novels of Charlotte Broulv were totally dissLaiilar in style to all 
which had boen prnviously given to Iho world, and their quality was sot 



Rnflh u U) lie tt tlia first momMit attrsetiTo. BfaMnUno in Utetr stmi|ft, 
and vary lorgelj fo in tho cast of thoa^l, tbero could bo bo wondH tU 
the pn)>I)c Bhouid nsgiime Currer Bell to he of tbo Btismc-r sex, and wrm 
permst in Ha d«1iutoQ after the most eipress assunuieo to the ecmtiarr. 
Certainly one can sympattuse with the fe«Iing of aitoaiahzaent that ■'«•' 
Ei/rc should have been written by ft woman. What rigonr there la la it 
compared with the novels ofnnotber great artiGt, Miss Aastcn I Foriboir 
fordo she has even cclipied her own ohiof of oovel-writwa. Sir Will* 
Scott, whilflt rialzac, who, an Cnrrer Boll said. ■• nlwajB left a nnstv taib 
in her month," is ol-io onUiripped in tho dolineation of pusuion. Hibj 
readers were duuhtlcss repulsed &om a latr and candid pcruaal nf tha 
worka of Charlotte Bronte by certain advorac criticisms which bad pto* 
noauced them cxtromoly ooarae. Tho unfaimass of this oharETO «e thiak 
it will not be diflicult to show proMnUy. Faithful transcripts of the life tk* 
had witiipasod th*y certainly were ; diatortwi thoy were not. Sjieaking of 
fiction, the anthor of Th§ Curio$\litt of LUrmtura has said — "K 
as they were long jiwmifactnrtd, form a library of Ulitemt* «Dtbor« 
illilcrato readers ; bat as th«y are crtaUi by gi>nins. are predotu to 
philoBopher. They punt tho character of an individual or tho 
of tho ago more perfwUy than acy other Bpccies of compnaititm : it is ia 
DOTcls we obflorre, as it were pas&ing under onr own eyca, the refini 
fiiTolity of Lha French, the gloomy and disordcrod sensibility erf 
German ; and the petty iatrigaes of the modern Itiitimi in svimd Vcbi 
ooTcla." We accept ihia as a tolerably enbalantinl appraiBcmonl of 
rdle of tho norelist ; bat in order to bo streogtbenod tn ov opinioo, lal as 
look at what the (.'minent j^osopher Adnm Smith Raid of tbo tnu 
noToUst, and soroly do higher praise coald bo desired by onr etoiy-writen. 
"The pcwts and romouco- writers who," ha says, " beat pwnt the refiw- 
mentu and duhcacicit of love and friendahip, and of fill other primt4 and 
domestie afTections, Racine and Voltaire, Biehardflon, Marivanx, and 
Biecoboni, are io thiscuso much belter inalmeton than Z«no, Chryai|^tt)^ 
or Kpictetos." But snrely wo need not stay to argne here that the Dord, 
when in the hands of a tnie gcnins, can he made one of Ihu beat instmcton 
of the human raoo. It is so becanso there is Dothing or the abalrnct nbotil 
it — which tho mind of mankind generally abhors ; it is a reivird of the coa- 
erete existence of tndiTidniil» like ourswilres, and mnst tboroforo bo praCt- 
able both for amusement, interest, and gmdauce. A good uoveltat 
•earcely be appreciated too highly. In this claaa we placa Chariolte B: 
she folfils tho requirementa glanced at already in tho words of Ur.D'Ii 
and ia in every respect a hithful delinentor uf tbo scenes and paraooc 
ftrafoBses to describe. How faithfol, indeed, few can scarcely toll, bat (hs 
ttaaa «ui darkly feel it oo close aoqaaintaace with her. The charge ef 
Munotss brought ngainst her works she herself indignantly repoUifd, bat 
the base notion of such a charge mast have emelly wonndod ber B]pirit, 
irideh, though atrong and hraTO as a lion, was yet pore and tender as thai, 
of a ohild. She said, " 1 trost Ood will take Gram ma whaterar powor 

f ttaV 

tat M^i 



inrentioD or expression I mny h&re, before H« lots me beeome blind to the 
sanM of vbat is fitting or anGtUng to bo said." And it is oa record that 
aba wu deeply griervd ood long ditttressed hy tbo romarit omde to lier on 
OM OMwion. "YoQ know, yon and I, Miss Bronte, baro boib written 
mag^ity books 1" Mrs. Gaskell goes so Car ss to admit that there are 
pMSHges in the wriliogs of Carrer liell whicb Ar« conne ; for oartwlves, 
w« can seareely nnderstand wbat is meant. Bongbness thsra is, bnt in- 
doeencj none, and coarseness seems to as to imply a little more tbon mere 
roQgbn«g8. Several of tbe cbaxnclars itbe h&s dmwu ard reprodactions in 
^rpeofthe wildest natnrea, and the overreflned sensibilities of some 
naders aro possibly shocked by their extreme nataralness. Charlotte 
Bronte simply Iboaglit of painting tbem aa tliey appeared, never Ihinkrng 
for n moment there could be barm in Uying in deep abadows where doVp 
shadows were required. Fielding was eoiirse, W'ycberley and some of the 
other dramatists more bo, bat their exampleu show that coarseness is an 
nnfoitonate epithet to apply to the writings of CnrrcrBcll. If applicable 
to them, it is totally inapplicable to ber. Hot eoatssnoM — if sneb qiiality 
csisl At all — was nndetaebable from ber sntijeets. She woold have ceased 
to bo the true delineator and the real artist she aspired to be, bad she 
Bwerved from the outlines of character eho nndortook to fill in. In trath. 
we need only turn to Sftirtnj and Jnm h'ljr* to prove the position that 
Charlotte Brontt* was for beyond the common naTolist. In the former story 
ve have characters which for sweatncss bnTebeGnmrDlyuxeallcd, whilst in 
the latter we have a Japiter of ragged Mtieogth and passion. The novelist 
has power to go oat of heivelf — that nttribnto of the great artist. Vi is 
genius which impels, and sbo mast obey. If tho ehaiaclors are occasion- 
ally coarse, she is uneonsctons of it ; she is only aware of their trath. 
Do need for ber to Inp off the distorted branches in tho hnmon forest of 
b«r delincationa in order to secure a level growth of modioority. She 
eottld not if she wonld, and is too intent on ttia manifestitions of natore 
to do BO if she eoald. Sueb creations as please the ordinaiy romance- 
moDgor would be an abhommoe to ber ; it ia .heeaoso sbo exalted Art 
that di« could not depart from the True, with which the former, wbsn 
real, is erer in Bniaon. 

77(4' Pn>fe»$or, which was tbo first work writtoQ by Charlotte Bronto 
oetoiisilily for publication, thoagb not by any means her tiret effort in 
fiction (nbat anlbur docs not carry the recollection of many juvenile 
cmdiUos?), oxhibits a great amount of conscious pover, but abo an in- 
ability on liie yatl of the writer to give herself free scope. A comparison 
between this and eiieceftding works will ehnw bow abc was cramped in 
its compoeitiun. The ator,- ia good, nevertheless, though numerous 
publishers to whom it was eabmilted decided otherwise. Its author baa 
possibly hit opon the isason for its rejection, when in tho proTace she 
says she detcrmlued to give her hero no adventitious aid or success 
whatever. lie was to succeed, if ha did so, by the sheer force of bis 
ovn brab and labour. " As Adam's son he ehontd share Adam's doom. 


and <lraui tbroagboat liio a vaxeH asd moderolo cap of eqjojiui 
Tliese principldN wero of coarae unpupnlAr ; th« novel- rt^en uf 
[lav ilemftnded somelhing which sbonld exhibit mere nf the romsatii 
the heroic. Battling well, however, trith malenals whieli wen ia tlm 
ouUet obstmetJTe, Ciirr«r It«U scliiavod » «uLi<tanti«l sueeera. Tbm 
can he no doubt that her hnflband, in ctmscntiog to tho pBbliDAtioa oftte 
voltime aabseqnenllv, did a wise aot. There is much iu llie wurlc wbt(& 
is ch&raetetistte of its anther aji she appfrora in her lat«r dov«1s, and t^ 
drawing »f at least one of Ihe choraetorfl, &Ir. Unuailen, it nastalT. 
Some of tbo matoriale, we are told, were afterwards need ui ViUefU ,- bol 
if so Ihej are eareruUv disgaistd, and tho world conld very well aflnri 
to wetoomo tbo two. Pasaoges oeeur in The VTiyfttwr whjoh ore alnitfit 
BtartliDf! in their etrength of pasnioo and eloquence, and which akm 
TConId hftve given to Currer n«ll tba stamp of originality. All Um tofl- 
sonio WRT by which the peraoo who girca tho tiLIo to the Tolnme is l'^ 
ia marked by tbe iutoiucst Bjnipatbf on the part of tho niiLhur, aal 
although Um reader may t»ot he able to feel znneh personal aDtbaaimna b 
the vnrions eharact«rs, ho mast at once yield the point that ho is pemsinf 
tho thou^bta of no common mind. The Talnablo knowledge whidii )hl 
anthor acrjnircd abroad ia ntilieed with considcrnbte skill, whilst sbe 
cqiinlly at home when she eomes to delineate tho Yorkshire Jnmiljr of 
Crimsworths. Iler ideas of love and mnrmge, afterwards bo follr 
reloped in her other novela, are here toached npon. " I am no Oriontal," 
sayn tbo Ptoressvr: "white necks, carmine Ups and cheeks, dusters of, 
bright cork, do not sufTice for me, without that PrometheaD >puk, 
will lire after tho roses and lilies are faded, the burniBbed hair 
gray. In fion^hine, in prosperity, tho flowers are Tcrr* nell ; bnt hs' 
many wet days are thcr« in life — November seasons of disaster — wboa 
a man's hearth and home woald bo cold, indeed, without the cUafi 
cheering gleam of iutoUucl?" Lore without the union of aonls, 
author nffnin and again insists, is a d^ltiMuo, the nheen of a somnur 
day, and qaite as flttctbg. Altogether the idea of The Vm/tKor was tni 
and as an indication of the grooves in which its authL'r'u genius was 
afterwards to ran, wo would uot willingly have lost it. As a psychological 
slndy akme it was well worthy of preserrotioo. 

But better and more remarkable works followed. Tho reading wnrU 
bas very seldom been startled by siicb a gennine on*) pow«rfbl pt«e« of 
originaUty as Jane Eyrf. One can almost gange the feeling, utter r«adit$ 
it, which cansed Charlotte Orontv to bo each an enthasiafitio 
Xhaokeray. Uo, at any rate, she knew, weald appreciate her eSb 
was be not alio engaged (with oven more splendid talents) m the emsi 
against eonrentionalily ? Ho, at least, onderstood bsr btiniing wmdi, 
when she afiinacd tbikt "couveuLionnJily is uot morRtify, «elf-ngbt«oas- 
oeti is not religion. To attack the 6rst is not In assail the la«t. To 
plnek tho mask from the faco of the Pbariseo, ia not to lift an im 
band to the Crown of Thorns." Those words will sofHcieaUy show 



slio endeftToared to Iretd in the stapi of " (Lc fiist sociil regeaorator of 
the day,*' and to vthara elie inscribed Uia second «diUoQ of her most 
videJy knawn bonk. Jnnf Kyra is ui ntitobiogrnphj, and its tntfinUon 
is to pies«nl a plain, tuibiuBcd BamitiTe of a womtm's life from its com- 
meucement to a pcrind wli6n it is snppoeed to have ceaited to poaceM 
interest to mankind gooerallj. Il is told fiaariasalj, and ^th a burning 
{no. Bat tberfi is uu luj'pfetsio veri; tliat, its autbor wotUd bare Econied : 
perhaps il would have been better for it) ri^cptton in some qnartere — 
limited in ranga we are happy to think — if thu uarmtor of the Btory bad 
jlloetied orer some portions of her beruiue'o history. She baa chosen, 
bowerer, to adhere to ntem reality, imd Hero it is finally for aa, nn- 
pleasant and rough tboogh it bo in aome of ite recordod oxperiaDoes. 
The book ehows the most oppout« qoalitica— tight, darkneee; bmaty, 
deformity ; strength, tendemesa. Itn pathos is of the finest qoalitf, 
stirring mos% deeply beeansa tt ia iiimplc and aofbrocd. The Bitnadons 
■10 voty vivid ; Eeveial seeDes being deinetod which it would be tm- 
poaaible to eradioato from the memory after the most extennvo reodtng 
of serial litoratnrc. Even tboee who regarJ it aa eonrso mnst admit 
its stiaoge fascination. It was a book that coold aflbrd to be iodependcat 
oforitidftm, and Aocordlngly we find that, before the reviews appeared, 
anxious and continaous iniiairies reepeeling it began to b« made at the 
libraries. There was not much fioUon bcitig writton which fixed the 
pnTilic eye, nml the inKtie of this nuvo! almost created ui era. ForgottAO 
non* is the BAvage criltcism of tho roviowcr who Boid of the author of 
Jatie Et/re, " She most be one who for some sufficieot reason hag long 
forfeited the socit-ty of Icr bvx," whihit the work which baffled his jadg* 
ment, but earned his ritnperatioQ, still remains, a memento of real genius 
which could Dot b« soppresBod. Although chiefly remorkabla for its 
prominent delineation of tho pasnion of love in strong and impulsiTO 
natures, thura aro many other pointa which ore noUffeablo abont it, and 
should therefore be mentioned. The keen ubeervation of the writer is 
manifest on almost every page. Intense rcaUsm is ite chief charact«n.Htie. 
The pictures are as vind and bold as though utched by a Bembrandt, 
or drawn by a Salvutor Boss. Dickens has hcoa olmOBt eqaoUed by the 
doscriptioQ of the school at Lowood, to which Miss Eyre was sent, and 
which might well be described as Bolhogirla' UoU. Here, faowovor — 
meUncboly lot f — in addition to indiOercnt fooil, supplied ia wry Umitod 
quantitieB, there was a good deal of threatening about " damnatioD." 
The hypooritieal minister, Mr. BroelUehurat, had somatimos the worst of 
it in bis dtuUtDgs with Jaiie t'yre, as, for instance, in this : " '\>'hat is 
bell ? " "A pit fall of fire." •' What must yon do to avoid it ? " The 
answer was a little objocliouablo, as the aolobiographer says — "I most 
keep in good health attd not die." As a corrective, she had given to her 
to rend Thf Chilli's tfuiilt; eoDtaimng "an account of the awfully 

raddeo death of Uartha G , a naughty child addictod to falsehood 

and doeoit." Certainly If this mental paholum, combined with the 



mntoriol 000 of nftOflOOtiB bnmt porridge, was Dot poioDt in li«e|siig 
the old Adam, it vould bo uupouaiUe to monlioa an effMtiuI ttmtiji 
would tliiiik. As the story pi^grfissos it bAOooic* toost thrUltog, tai «e| 
an introdncfid to & ehuactor wkicli is [rcgaoDlJy rogardod, uul 
fritbonl roasDD, as Correr Soil's musUirpicDa of povriirfal drnving. 
Mr. Boohatter. StroDg and yet voek, a Tcry IhnnderboU for atna^j 
antl expIosireDesm and yet a bandlo of ordmary bamjia wiwkaM 
iudivtdunl Btanda fbrtii as roal and living a portrait aa is to be foand 
ia word-painting. Ho is attrantiTO in spito of hia DDmerona iaolU, tai 
wlierQ i» Uu) cbanutor who more stood in need of pity 7 Picture lam d 
^niomfield, uoilod in wodlouk to a raviag mamao, wbo in ber paxosTMd 
attdioptcd bis lifa, whilst bo, lo return, saved ben: — tbst Tcty Ufa wbid 
vas a oorao, and brought unnLtorabla ^om to bim. Tbon. too, Ik ■■ 
lb« form tbat be loved, but could not rolain, aotl yfet felt tbo mori 
of a wicked lint inufl'iiblo Iota towards ber — widted, becaiuM of tbi 
which bound bim to iho wild being wbo boro bia name. Add to aQ 
that bis ostaro was as Mnsilivo aa it was inleaae, and wb«rB la tbo 
who coold not pity Fairfox Hooboater? Behold bim again xtUtt 
boon maimed in the fmitlesB endeavour to eavo tho uauiao from doati 
Ha dMchbci bimaelf as " no better than tbn old ligbtnioR-stniok ohssta&t 
trto in Tbonifield covbard ; " but b tbo process of purificatii 
oounted as nothing which baa brought about this reeuU f— 

" JnBC t voa think me an iirclipotts At^-, I ilarc mj : hnt mr hf«rt ntrHii 
gnttitiuJe tn the hcocAcent God ai tfaU earth jiut onw, llo scei not mn maa 
bni for ctoono' t jodgcs DM as maa judec!;, but (ar aiom vriRlj-. I did wronx - 
woaid ban solUeil my liiavesat flowoi^-brcaibinl Kuilt on Its ixuilvt tbn Otn 
BnalcbtxT it from me. I, iu nij «tilI-iKi>kcd nhellum, alfonsl nmnl tlie i\\t[ 
iniitc»l nf bending to tbc derm, I defied it. DiTiiM jutlr^ pnnnic^l its «>ur 
oMier* I'uiie thick od me : I ma forcctt to jirm tlirMif;h llii' xnll^r Af tbi; at: 
dfcalb. Kb cbastttMDenta am migbtj-, ami ime aniote ni6 wbkb ha* boniblcil 
ercr. Yon Icaow I va* \t<iaA of atj atnngtti. bat what is It nmr vhna I rniMt 
aver to fareijpi piiiUnco as a child docs iU i>r«akneH ? Of liitn, Jaoc^nnl^ 
laic— I began b> iM aail aekiKmledgo tho hund of Cm] in mjr Oiiuut. I lici;an 
p«riLiK« reaonc, rcpentaiKW ; the wiih for tecutidlemest to wj Maker. I 
aoBKtiiDca ti> pniy t very brief pmyen ibcy wtre, b« ^cry mhw*-" 

Terily, this is tbo cpitomo of an Axporienco worthy of \xSag s^t 
Ihisod i^itb, und valuable lo bg writtco. 

Tboro eaa bo no doubt that the brat and greatest cause of tbo 
vividno^a of the writings of Cbarlntto Hrontii and ber aislers is tbe 
that mOBt of the cbaractera depicted are as faithful copies (rom real life) 
though an artist bad sat down and limned their feature*. More ng : 
Ibe artist baa nolbing lo do with psychological obaiaoterisUcs, whieb, in I 
case of the antboiv, are as accurately described as the fimtorea. Uavit 
fixed upon their subjecta for analysis, tbey dung to them lika a abadoi 
a aecood self, and tho reiy isolation by wbicb tbey were aiirroondc 
tlrenglii lo their couceptions. The characters are Inu to tbnr rvtipa 
natoroe, and their final ends are fearlessly worked dot. Having i 

Tire BIlOSTfiS, 


tlw book vhicb mada Uie fame of Ckariolt« Brooto, let as glance at bor 
neit most importxuit work, nod the cma which wc Ukd bert of all — Shirltt/. 
It optns with a chapter io which a ytia at bumoar unsiupeeted ia Cbailotto 
Bronte- ia mamfeHted, aad wa know of no other anther wboao aketefaet lo 
nmeh Tomtnd as of QtMt^b Eliot u thti delinoaUon of tho throe ooratefl. 
triie writer has oomptotdj nnbonl, relaxed from the scTerify wbieh •» 
|p»ally predominat«« lu h«r otbvc wotIk, and fpreD play to a qoiot and 
jwt quaint lirollor; vhich ia poeitivcly irr«si6tibte. A little farther on, 
bowoTcr, wo eomo to mora serious bouncss ; and tho torrible maohioery 
riots which 80 digastroosly retarded commeraal progress at tbo period at 
which thia history is fixed, afford excellent scope for those graphic de- 
EcriptioDS in which Carcar Sell stiyods almoit aoriTolled. Iba West 
Biding of Yorkshire, and some part* of Lancashire, were especially sab- 
jeetod to bardahips and imfuUs on acooant of these impTorementa and In- 
dentions in man gfac tare, and the sketch of Kobert Moore's campaign 
against tho bigoted factory Operatives in bis employ and that of his 
neighbours is only a (ui£j one as regards tho disposition of tho OTonta. 
ttadi things wcra common at the Ume of tho Luddite riots, but in adopt- 
ing thesa riots as the foundation of ber story, the author also took 
cbanotArs living in her own day and at bor own door, so to speak, bopmg 
that they woold Urns pass uoreoogaised. But tbo iact that the riots 
oocorred thirty years proTionsIy did not blind the people portrayed to tho 
knowledge that thoy were gazing opon their own portraits. The Torkes, 
tbo tiiroo oQialcs, and Urs. Prior are all portraits, whilst Shirley herself is 
Emily Bronti-- idealised, or rather what Emily would have been had she 
been placed in diffaroot circomstancca. Thoogh tho book is singolarly 
strong in individuoliUcs, there is, foitber, more general merit in its writing. 
ItsBCsnie effects are beaoUfnl ; the deop Ioto of nature which possessed 
the soul of Carrer Bell h more obscrrablo hero than olsewbore. It ia 
what we should describe as a norel good " all round." It bos no weak 
side ; it is tho most perfect piece of writing the antbor has left behind her. 
Thora ia not the turrible sweep of passion we see in •Jane Eyre ; the 
loa^iaesses of life arc unootbed down a littlo, and it seems altogether 
more hnnonisod and bumanisiDg. Tbo most opposite CTtinta are toncbcd 
upon skiUoIly. Who can forget, for inebiDeo, tho description of tbo ro- 
rival ia the new Wesl^^ytin Chapel at Briurfield, when "Boad o' Bill's" 
aanonneed positively tbst be had <'fun' (found) liberty," and the excdto- 
ment am<nigst tho brethrcu was intense. Why osn't tbose worthy poople 
tsko their religioa a UtUo mora i^uielly ? As our author says on this 
ooeasioD, "the roof of the cbapsl did ruH Hy off; wbicb spoaks volomes 
in praise of its solid slating." A little farther on wo get another sample 
of power, occurring in tbe daseriplion of a female character. "Nature 
made her in tbc mood In which she makes her briars and thorns ; whereas 
for the croatioQ of some women she cciicrTes the May momii^ boon, 
vbxm with light and dew she wooes tho primrose from tho turf, and the 
lily from tha woodmoeB." Again, we find in Ibis novel that olthoogb Carrer 


TBS BB0!tl1I& 

Bell was oot % gnat pocteai tbroogb Ibe nBiul mediam of 
adanee, iha «on]d write fine, genaiiw fwictry ia ■ pros« Betting. "Vitam 
tbi IblknriDgdtBeripUoD of Dston put ioto the moutli of Sbirlejr: — 

"luw — I DOW Ko— • wnnmB>Ttuti: herrolMiof blneftirir'Ri&dD tnth>r'mbiH1^¥ 
tbe be»th where joimUt Hock is gming ; a tcit, wliUe m aa Ami 
ber tiooil ta bw leet, ttu\ kntbe»qiies of 1) j^tnin^ fUmo oa )u Uiml' 
1 lee b«r tono, purple Ii)u: UuithoriioRi ibnTiwblubluiihbliinc!! iJir »tar- 
liar ttOiAy ■>«» I citunot j'icinrt; Okw are clmr — tbot art tir^-p n» tkkt*— 
UIk4 nii<I fall of worDliip— tlicy lmat>l« with tba Wlnew of lora and Um kaaU*« 
prsv«r. Iter furdiuail hna Um expaiMe uf a clotxl, MUl ■■ ptflcr Uuui tbfi earljr mm. 
Hmh long beforo lUrk. gathers : «b« n«liiic» bcr boMm on the riilge of Sdllbru' U"*^. 
ber mi^ty biioib an Joitied bcficath it. Ai> kDcclinc face to fact! oIm •{•eaii 
G«L Tlut Etc u JclKinili's lUugbler, u AiLiub ma hiatim." 

Oar Tonng poets mif^litwell eorei a power of poette dMcriptb 
thia. Am witb «ll true poetry, tbera is oot only the form bat the 
The expronloa, coming m it did £rom the fooliDg, beg»t8 iu ub the 
•gain. Oliior pawiflget of eq'ul bcaotj contd be culled from Ski 
genu gUUering bore and there in a great hroad Gold. Kstnro, 
happiuuBS, uuHTfi loss, gain, are the tbetoea dilated npon. oo 
wUch mticb is given to delight, to improre, and to engender v™I 
Obarlolto B.ijqL5 exhibits a marked contrast in ona mpoct to the 
female novelist at prenoot livinf*, and perinapa Shirley ia the 
example of what wo mean. Hor bith is uawAveriog— faith ia tl]« Uo^ 
Bat bocaBU fie is Unseen she voold teacb 08 that that is uo reasoa < 
He ahonld be Unknown. Neither does she fonn impoMible jdetAT' 
Sbirlerjr ia u grand a cbaractor in ber waj as Dorothea Brooke, bt 
ean comprehend her better. And tboogb Sbirley'a soni was dtw] 
abe had yeanungs after greatnesB, her hopea were not placed 
fruition, as in the ease of I>oroibea. The former aays : " Indispat 
a great, good, handsome man is the first of created things. I would 
to contend for empire with him. Shall mj left hand dtspote for 
eedence with my right ? — aball my heart i]narrel with mj pulse 9- 
mf reins be Jealoos of the blood v^iiflh fiUs them 7" Some foolti 
thia kind, of coarse, Dorothea indulged towards Sir. Caanuboa ; bl 
her oaso the idol ia shattered, whilst Bhirley obtains in the Iota of 
Moore all that she craves for. It was Dorothea's late to be olwajs ' 
ing humanity fail, and created things insafficient to fill the void 
nature. In thia aense Shirley is the superior oharaotcr. Boridi 
love, she had a Lruor insight into the means of procoriog happinen. 
dtaeorered that it most sometimes be worked fiir vfith her own 
Thus, then, waa her natnre rompletely rounded. With nireretDee 
Supreme were added his richest gift of love and the link of 
to Innd bar to the rest of mankind. Not so aerenely boaet 
DoroUiea, and tiot perhaps $o lofty in intcQoot, she in yet a more 
ccaaful charuclor, Ou her forehead there ia uot written — Ciulnre, 
IT the liaten Brooic had early in life been accustomed to mingle id 



eiety. and had not bean imprisoaod witbtQ tba vallsof Haworlh p&reonage, 
tbere can Iw UlU« quaslioa lUal wo should havo had morv masterly and 
more iMoeral worka from thetr handa. The skill th^j oxhibit in dfllineating 
Ufe alionid not hate been oonfioed to the inbahitanta of thos« northern 
moors, bat should hare beeo employed ia other bauats and otbvr seenea 
Uluwite. Their &eld hai been neceftsarily restmted, though their genioa 
had full play on tho subjaeta within their reach. Bat to d«>munstrato the 
oapacity to luru exporienee to accoont wherever il m)(;ht be obtained, wo 
only naed to direct the reader's altcQtioa to Charlotte Bronte's latest 
work, ViUeiif. It ia redolent of the JlaTonr of Brussels, where tho author 
and b«r sister spont soma yoani of tbeir lives. To the ordinaxj Enf;bah 
reader it is probably the most uninteresting of alt the works of Sflss 
Brontt.-, as page after page is composed mostly of French, and that some- 
times difficult and idiomatic. This doubtless operated to some eitent 
st its popularity with the mass of novel-readers, though the book 
to have earned the moat larish oneomiiUDt from Uie eritieB. It 
exhibits, however, the genios neither of Jan4 Eyn nor of ShirJstf : it ia, 
in truth, snperior to the Action of ninel; per cent, of nOTOlists, fant it 
■carcoty warranted the exttavagant terms of praise which were ahovcrod 
npon it by t)ie roviewers. Those valoable indiridualg, however, w«re, as 
is loo often the caso unfortonatoly, wise after the event — that is, they 
found it tolerably sole to cologiso a now work from the hand of one vho 
had already established ber position u amoDgst the most ori^al writers 
of the ago. One or two of tho tlrivnaiU fttrsomt evoke sentiments of 
•pproTol DO account of their originality, conspicuous amongst them 
being Mr. Paul £maaael and Mi«s de Baasoupierro ; hut on the whole, 
the hook is disappointing, for there is no one chamcter whoao fortunes we 
arc anxious to follow ; and a novel which fails to begot a personal interest 
must be stiid to have lost ila chief charm. 

Emily Bronte — for it is now time that we should say something of the 
two other persona in this remarkable trio — was, in certain respects, the 
moot extraordinary of the three sisters. Bbe has this distinctioo at any 
rato, that aho hna written a hook which ntands as eomplel^ly alone in tho 
language As does the Puradiu L^sl or the Fif'j'im'i I'mireas, This of 
itcelf, setting auda snbjeot and constniction, is no mean eminence. Emily 
JauD BroutL-, hh is well known, was tho yoongect but one of the Bcv. Mr. 
Kroutv's children, and died before she was thirty years of age. Karly in 
life ahe displayed a singolarly masculine bent of intellect, and astonished 
those with whom she came in contact by hor penetration, and that settle- 
ment of character which generally only comes with age. Bbe went from 
home twice, once to school and once to Bmsscls, but it was like the caging 
of a lioneas, and her soul yearned for tho liberty of home. When in 
Bnusela she attracted and impreeaed deeply all thoae who camo acroes 
her, and M. Heger deelared the should have been a man, for " her 
I poworfol reasoD woold hare dedoeed new spheroa of diseovery from the 
■ knowlodge of the old, and her strong, imperious will wonl d never have 
I TOL. xxvm.^MO. 108. ^ 



b«eD d&unUd b; opposition or diffieolty : ttvnr Iiatd giTco w%y but wk 
lifu." On her niium to Hnwortii the begftn to lose is b««ofy bat to |« 
in impresslTeaesB of feature, and sbe diridad li«r time betwees fcoMlf 
douiMtio duU«fl, Ktodies, aod ramblas. Sbrifiking eatirclr £rom emtHl 
vitb tbo Ufo vkiefa eomnuulfid bor, sfas gave boTMlf up to tainn, Oi 
result being apparent in her works, wbicb riwaal a moal iatiinato MfiMfr 
ance witb the great Mother in all her mooda. Ear mind was abao ll fli ^f 
free to all ih& leesons whicb she shonld t«Aeb, and sbo amfamoBd tfaoawfl 
tbe moat pasaioaiUe Icmgiog. ** Her oaUve bilU were Cur uoro to bnrUm 
a Kp«otacIe ; they were what she Iired in, and by, aa much as th^vili 
Hrdfl, their tcuanla, or na ths hoaUier, Ihoir produce." Her deserij 
thun, of oatoral scenery, aro what lb«y should be, and all thev ahoi 
Any T«*der of her works mnst pfirforeo acknowledge tho aoenraer 
obsomiions. Bor life, however, s«omGd to he an unprized ooo, 
that eistor who tovod her profoundly, and who keealj npprc^^intod bergoW 
as it esaajed to natolA tta wings in the sun. Bat whilst nbn Uvadtki 
world mode no sign of recognition of her strangely weird powen. Mis 
iUnesfl came her indomitable will still ooahled her to pretwot an niifirwlnil 
front to sympathising friends. She refused to see the doctor, and vny 
not baTo it that she was ill. To the Inst she rotuned un isilopcndfll 
•ptrit, and on tho day of her dontb she arose and dressed hvrselT ni aasaL 
Iler end reminds na of that of her brother BroawoU whose -will wh m 
stf ong that be insisted on stnnding np to die and did aotuolly so £a 
Ilmily did ererythiDg for henelf on that last day, but as the boms 
on got manifestly worse, and could only wMsper in gasps. The ectd 
when it was too late to profit by btnnnn skilt. JVnthfriti't Jlri/i 
principal work sh« has left bohiud her, shows a massive strcu^h 
of tho rarest deg«riptlon. Its power is absolutely TtUaJe : from tha M 
page to the last U reads liko tbc intellectual throos of a giant. Xt is te- 
fnl, it Ulnie, and perhaps one of the moat unpleasant hooks crer writta: 
bat we stand m amaze at tba almost incredtbto fiiot that it was initUnlf 
a slim country girl trho woold hftvs passed in a crowd as on insig^lnri 
person, and who bad had little or do experience of the waya of tho wotU. 
In Heathclifl*, Emily Brom<< has drawn the greatest villain extant, aftff 
lago. Hu baa do match out of Shokspeore. The Mephistopi 
Qoetlie's Fuiul is a person of gentlemaDly proclintlea eompiuvd 
HestbelitT. Tbero is not a redeeming quality in bim ; his 
T«ry repellent ; he is a uuiijuo specimeD of the htunan t^er. 
BroQlc in her digest of this character finda one nmetioratin;; ciron 
in his fiiToar, one link which connects him with bamanlty< — viz., hb. 
for DQo of his vieiims, Uaruton Eiimsbaw. But we cannot agMe 
his feeling towards Eamsbaw is tieeesiTely like that fellnn affo 
aonelimos deetmys its own offspring. Jj to his allegwt cetvem far 
Dean, perhnpa aUo the Il'Ks taid aboal that tho better. But fl 
Hnjhu ta a mnrrcllons cnrtODty in tetter*. Wo ehallonge the 
produM another work in which the whoto atmoipbare loems so sunhaifBJ 

ly sedk 



with tappressod etectrioitv', iui<] bound in witb the blackneu of tempest 
and dwoliktioQ. From the time vhen joong lUttlicUff i$ introdaeed to ns, 
" as dork almost u if lio euno from tlio dtrril," to tbo lost page of the 
«tot7, tbcro IB noUiuig bat sava^rr ind fcrocitv, except whcu we aro tAken 
I Kwuj from the penoui to the seeneB of the narr&tiveH, and tr(>at«J to tboso 
I idetoKt in vbieh Ibe autlior euels. Tbo Hoigbts \isv\(, tbe uM uortli- 
ooootry toanor-hoQse, is made inteoaelr Teal to qb, bat Dot more so tbui 
the central fignre of the storj, vbo, beh'oring himself alooo one night, 
throws open tbo bitUco, and cries with terrible angoish — "Cathj-I oh, my 
heart's darling. Hear me this once. Catherine, at last I " Then his 
hlttorr is ToeatHttilated, hy trae who witnoased .his life in all Ita stages ; 
and in the paeeaga where Cothenne informs her narM that uha has promised 
to marrv Edgar Linton, but ongbt not to have done so, we get tbe I'ollow- 
isg example of ronccntrated force : — 

' I bate tio iDcm bminesi to xamy E<I|t<ir L'utton dias I bars to be in troartn. 
Bui U wunld itegroilo me innintry Ileathdif! now; so h« eltall netcr know how I lotv 
bhn, anil that doI tietmtue lie's banilnunic, Ncllj, Iral l«aui>e tie'« mote mrwlf than I 
ain. \VbnIev0r onr soula ire miuleof, his and oiino aro the samc) and LiatoD'ab aa 
dlHercnt a:* noonbeamii ftom ll^ulop, or froei frtMu Are. . , . Who la to M{Nttate 
wf they'll uiMt tho fate dE Milo. I cumot ucpresa Hi bat taniy you anil ererjrtndjr 
have a anOoa tliat (ben: it. or clionld be, aa caiideiwe o( jusre bcj-nml ;'>a. Wbut 
were Ibo atK of nijr creation if I w«ceentlre1j> ronUiu«d here ? My jtmst miwtioin 
tbit world have Ixvd IhathcVtSTt raiw?iics, and I watched aud felt cacb tmm ihc 
begbuilfli:; my ereat thonght in living is bimaelf. If all «]n pcriobed and \» re- 
nained, / thooM mKII rontinuc ti> be; umI if all cJm irfDaineil and he wn« nnaibilabO, 
the nnivc^rae would turn to « uiigbtT Btranf^ ; I aliouM iiot teem ■ jiiul of iL Mj 
lore for XintoD is like the foUago in ttie wowta: lime will chiiii;;c il. I'm well awaiv, 
«• wioter tbaagM th« trcce^ Mr Inru for Ilcatticliir leMmlik^s the eternal mc-ks be- 
ncalb: n source of little ritdhlQ dcUi^t, bat tueecsarj. Kellr, I am IfeatliclUf ! Ue'o 
alwari, nlwari in mj mind : not ■■ a pleanue any man than I am alwn^t a plcamre 
to myaelf , Wt as my own IfcUi);.'' 

Then comee Catherine's death— ^hen she aski forgivetioss for having 
wronged him, and HeathoHff answon, " Kiss mo i^in ; and don't let mo 
Bee ;oar tym I i forgiTewbat yon have done to me. I love my murderer 
: .-hut .voHi's 1 Uow con I?" Tbe Lale of woe proix-^ds; the dcspaiiing 
Iman looging for the dead, nntil at last he faces death, and being asked if 
he will have the minister, replies — '* I tell ;oa I havo nearly attained my 
Ueaven ; and that vi oUiers is altogether tltiva^ifd and uucorct^.'d bj mc." 
He then sleope bcssido her : the tragedj of ei^teen years is complete. A 
great deal has been said on the (laesUon whether snch a book ns ]\'u:l4cnn.j 
Hfi^ha onght to be writton, and Charlotte lirouU- tier^elf feli. iinpeUc-d to 
otter some worda of defenee fur it. \Vhord the mind ie healthy it con do 
DO harm ; but there are poeaiblj organiiiations apon whom it tnight exer> 
cise a halofa) inflaenee, Witb legard to the drawing of HeathcliS', Currer 
Bell scarocly thought tbo crcaiion of snch beings justifiable, but sho goes 
on to aay thai " tbe writer who posseuee Iho creative gift owns something 
•f which be is not alwaja master-something that, at times, strangely wills 



iiQ(1 vorlt8 fur ilseir." We are afraid thnt if tliii opmlfiD wer« 
its logical iBBQcfl it woald be foand iocapsblo of haixt^ supported. 
ItpUcation of sadi books a« M'ulitgriny JleiijhlM wjtboot eomt| 
gaoina wonld be a UmentBblo thioft, do donbt; yet* while w« 
defoMl it oltogetiur possibly as it stands, wo sboald regret 
seen it, M one of Uie moAt extraordiaaiy and powerfal p 
wbolo rongA of Enf^lisb literature. 

Anno BrontiL-, the yooDgest of Uie three sistsrs, was tuUke CU 

and Emily in diBpoution aud mental conatilnUon. Sbv waa not 

rons, and seemed mora dependent upon tha B^oipatbj of otL 

cbarocteristicB are apparent in her vorlie, tliongb m her p 

there are tottchen which almost remind one of Emiljr. She was. 

less, deficient in tbeent'riiy which distinguitibed her sisters, And vi; 

getbec frailer in body, and more tender and oerone in iiptrtt. Tha dert 

element in h«r nature was very strong, as will be seeo fjrom a pen 

her poemn. Her scnfdtivoness was great, and apt to be wooqi 

bitter eiperiencea she was eallod upon to endore as one of the 

treated individuals called govemeeaee. Some of these eipe 

has eommomorated in her story A^nes (irty, which, howerer. ■!» 

notable powura of ponotratioo and insight saoh ae thu world had 

aeonetomfid to look for in the nnthors bearing the cogoomea of Bel 

is the tnoHt inferior of all the works written by tlie aicttors, thongb in! 

ing in nuiny aspects. Possessed of a less detenulned will tttaa fl 

Anno Bront<< bore her sufTeringa patiently, and as the hoar of disao 

approached, the lerrors wMeb had bound her spirit wero dinaipatad 

she passed away, we are sssoied, in a calm and triaoiphant mnzmcr. 

lost Teraes arc most beautifhl in sentiment, and worked ont with oott 

able skill. It is a carious qnostion how this geuUe woman, neverth 

came to write sacb a narrative as Tkt Trminl of IVtldftli IJail, 

some of its detaiU \a morfi offensive and repalaive than the 

rviuto'fcv of her nest older sister. The drunken orgies of 

don and his cotapanioaB cannot fail to be dii^sting to tbo reader, 

though the relation may b« in colour. Moat probably that po 

story was suggested by tho sad practical aeqnaintance the a 

been compelled to make of the cfTecLs of tha rice of dronkennesa 

brother Branwoll. Tho sorrow entailed by hJa condoet woiglied u 

deeply, and she gave relief to her feelings by picturing the sJn wil 

ita hideous coQsequeneea and deformity through the modinm of fioti 

might be that she had hope sneh a revelation would be eflectlra fur 

and ecrlainly all who road tho story cannot bot be afTeeted hj 

wrstched portion of it d«voted to the dolinvatiuu of a drankaid. 

the atroagflst, the most strikiiig part of the volumo. and tha mytit 

its prodocUoa by such a pare aool as Anno Bronte's can only he expli 

on th« hypotheidf we have affloued. The lore of Gilbert Markhani 

the allraeUvo and elerer widow is n delightful episode, and eioelh 

told, and the closing chapters go very £u to redeem tbe onploaMati 



. we vera eompeUed to cneonnter ia Iho bo^jr of the work. As with Emil/, 

Anne DroDtf'« strong poiul as a uov«Iisl was is tbe delineAtioD of ooo 

graod master pwR<m iium tha moment when it entered into the voal 

I to tbe time wbeo it assamod DompIel« and ondispQted posseuion of it. 

I 'We see thui tyrannr of paistOD in Heetbcliff; we bebold the tyranoy 

I again in anntber direction in Mr, Handngdoo. In both coses, bowerer, 

[it is fiDall^ loft wilb as repulEivo an appeorasce as tbe gnpbic peooOs of 

' tbft aitistfl were able to cooimaud. No one can a£rm tbat rice is 

fiTsr winked at : it is, on the contraTy, drawn without cloak or xeH, in 

order tbat its deToleos may bo osbamed, or tbat those who are in danger 

of becoming its victims ma; b« arreited aod eppalled. Sacb, we take it, 

I is the great lesson of T/i* TtMrnt of Wihiffti HaiU and readers, eron 

: witboat sjmpatbj for the nalbor, would be tmjnet to eSmn tbat tbe lesson 

11 not taagbt wilb sufficient dusUuctivenees and force. Tbere are sooie 

things which only need to be described to be abhorred ; and this feeling 

piobably led to the prodoctjon of the work just allnded to. 

Of the little volnme of poetry written eoDJoioLlT by Cnrrer, ElIJs, and 
Acton Bell, and pnblished before thfiir prose works, there is not maeh to 
b« said, except that it might teach a lesson to some of the poets of the 
present daj, that tbu best inspinttion after all is to be derired from contact 
with Nntore herself. Many of these rorsos are not only WordBWorthian 
in their simplicity of eipreasiou, bat also in their reverent feeling for the 
Great Teacher of all tree poets. Tbey are rills wbicb spring from tbe 
best sooree of inspiration, and, whilst they do net lose the idio-iyoeractoa 
of their respective sntborB, are all inibaed with intense love of out* 
ward beaoty, aud breathe of tbe n&liro beatb npon which they were in 
most part written. The poems which bear traces of the bighesi flight 
of imaginalioQ are usduubtedly those of EUls Bell. Her genius here 
attains a more refined DxpreMion, wilboal lo«inf; nuything of its power. 
In seA-ural instances she bos Borronnded an old sabjeot with new and de- 
ligbtfol Interest, and even where her choice has fallen npon more aombre 
sabjectd, tbe originitlity ie so great Otat ivc are loit in admiration, and 
bxiKuT folly into the theme, glad of the new thoughts even when the old 
theme, pvr *t, has no cbarmii for as. Amongst the many Gue things which 
have been said of Memory', where are there four lines which concentrate 
BO mach regret as are found embedded in Ibis ulterauDO 7 — 

I dare not Ivt it longuisli, 
Dwm nut tnilulji* iu roeraorj** ra|rniroua pAin ; 
Umc (ItiiiLi&g <!«cp of Ibst diTiiint ttngnl&h. 
How could I tnstv ttio cmpiy world again ? 

This was no maundering of a simply nenlimental epirti, but the outcome 
of a soul that bad sofiered, and had not lost its stteugtb, though a deep 
somtw eacompasted it, and obscured its viaioQ. There was not the li^t 
that afaona in the old dayti, and the regret tbat bos overtaken many a 
heart formed a truthful uud fine nUerauce iu one who was ^ft«d wtlh 
a pover of etpreision beyond her (ellows. But the last lines which this 



woaderfnUy-giftdd womxn ever WTOt« itriko na u being ipedAQr tctt- 
irorthy. llioj u-fl aa addreei to tbo Doitj : epa«e fnila lu to qiiot* ih« 
all, but as n epecimei] of tiioir Btrength «e may givo the ful 

V^H are tlw tbouoBti'I crevd* 
Tltni tixiTo menVhwta ; tinatltniltljr rain t 

Wmtlilexs ma wiClieTAl wmOs. 
Or id la I lulU* uiiiid ibc bodtidlcH naiib 

Tn waken dcnbl in nua 
II(i1ilii% to UU b; Thine iDfin!^. 

B • • • ■ 

Thonpli i-nrfh and man were gone. 
And RIM AUd unircncR imkiI (obc, 

And Tlioii Kcn IvA alvoi;, 
Even- rxistcuco woul>l uswt in Thee. 

Then 1« not mom fur dcittli. 
Nor atom thai lltti tnitiht could nttdcr wH i 

TIkhi, 'J1(ou tut ItciiiK <in>l Ureaili, 
Aqd wtiat Tlinu ktL iobj octct he Afimjvd. 

Wc iviU not 8liiy to iorestiftftte llio tlittology of ihu passage, 
apecimcn of poiilii: vigour it U vol! worthy of ropricUDg. Tbo 
Cbarlc^ti] IlroDt(< slriko ua a« boiog tho least excelleot io the coUmImK' 
Correct M tliov tro in sootimflot and exprMsion. thoy laek tbo empbaatita 
bo perceived in tboM oflior SLBt«r8. Tbe praliabitity is Ibat wbilc Ebs)t 
and AuuQ Drout'j would bavo attained coQsiderable etnmnDce as poflf 
Charlotte would \ittv6 wasted her powers OQ a branch of liu-niuire Co wbU 
Bbe was not qnite adapted. In the ease of EmQy, tbo briof, decunii 
epigrammatic f^rm of cxprcBsioa Buitcd b«r geoius, just a» Xhm da vvti oDJ 
cadenro amtod that of AoriA, bnt ChartoUc had hctldr Boope in a nuin 
didaclie and cst<!Bded style. Ono spirit broalhoa Lbruii-^h the poena li 
AotoQ Bell — thnt which animstcB the trembling euppliaot tpptmSiog M 
noaven. Th«y ar« ail a ningle cry coached in dilTorant, bnt oiquisita itif 
guags* the rry of a dependant for euidanee by a H-jvoriii;n huid. Tfc« 
mooda may diffiir, bnt the Bubstaoee of the soul's nepiraticti i» the BamM 
and th«ro am fo«r aweoter religions permit thou that which eoutiuiia Iba 
but thnnghtd and wLihes of Aeton Bell. The Terses aro ao irell km 
that we rofruin from reproducing thorn : but tbey Day be taken aa a 
illnatration of the spirit which animated the author, and form a to 
farewon to a worltl iu which abo could neror bo eaid to have b 

%\'ith rogard to tbo position whieh the Dronlei oecnpy amongal 
wo express ouraolvea with nomo diffidence. In Hamming up tbclr 
DWiita, and pronouncing npon thoir works, it mnat he donf as a wbol 
with no abRling ont of parLlcolar ueellcnces. So, whilst ChaxloLta 
infinitely cclipeca novclisla of the highest repnlalion in isolatod tjoali 
aoch aa tboHo wd haro already ondearoarcd to puiot ont — it mutt ba 
faawd that when «e >p«ak of her aa the artist it cannot bo aa pertaining 
y«ry bigbest rank. Eergcniua i6iotease,biiLDotbraad,iu)ditiab: 


alone vhich distiiigDishea the loftiest minds. Bat if she Cails to attain the 
lUndard of the few writers who have been npliflcd by common consent to 
the highest pinnacle of fame, she is the eqtial of an; authors of the second 
nnk. It is not too mnch to predict, in fact, that manj meretriciona works 
which have been commended for public admiration will lose in popularity, 
vhile those of which we hare been speaking will increase. It Is impossible 
for two of the works of Charlotte BrontS to fall out of our literatnre. 
They have been stamped as genuine gold and will keep sontinnally in cir- 
culation. Works which fail to pass this ordeal are those which are either 
weak or false ; these are both strong and tmo. We obtain from the 
author otjaiie Eyre no mnltitnde of characters, but those wo do get we 
become closely familiar with- — and one being of verilable fleeh and blood 
is worth a thousand insabstantial imitations. The noTel9 deal with no 
particular forms of religious belief, or social questious, which the anthor 
would doubtless bat have regarded as accidents of which she cared to take 
no account ; and hence we may affirm that after the lapse of fifty ycftrs 
her works wonld read as freshly as when they first made their appearance. 
It was humanity ehe strove to produce ; not its creeds, crotcbt^ts, or pecu- 
liarities ; and it is for this reason that the labour will triumphantly stnud 
the test of time. The inner life of a soul is very much the same in all 
ages. Its hopes, its fears, and its joys do not change with the changing 
seasons and the revolving years. Ages pass away, and those writers and 
writings which have only appealed to transient phases of thonght or psr- 
ticnlar changes of society are swept away as by a resietless current, wbiJet 
those who defy the potency of the waves are the gifted few who have shown 
the genaino power of interpreting natore, or of dealing with the pagsions. 
of the human heart. 

§0c[ut iinb gtortpT ^LpparuitiB for saljing ?Cift fi 
^jjipwrttli, aui (lolunttcr ^xfe grijgabts. 

WfiscKS oOen oceor ia po&iUoiui inaoMSSiblc to a liCebo«t, as 
ToeV bpseb, or at a grent dinlaoce from lifulxiia stations ; aztd 
been fonnd ooccssajy 1o institute a sapplemontu-y Mrvic« Tor attoli 
genciei. Th« rocket and mortar appAnitUB, with the inpromw! 
dAvolopments which it has received witbm late Tears, bolb in 
tDOcbimiiim sncl in Uio mariner of n'orking it, ia geueraliv liaU rcci 
in KQcb cases, aod bas fregneQlly done good serrioe where a 
would hftve beon neelera, or fould not bo had. As Ibe subject is| 
little known, wc shall endearonr to give a descriplion of tbe nppi 
divested as far as possible of leebnicalities, and of th« nuumar ot Vi 
it, and some account of the organisation of tbe VoltuitQ<ir Lifo 

and Companies which bavo eonLribulcd so macb to its more extended; 

effactivo aw, and of tbe kind of wojfc which th«y are called od to pr- 

For this means of isaving lifo from fibipwroeks the countxy is maib^ 
indebted to the humane exertioos of the late Captain Mtmbv, vbo, akic 
stationed at Yarmouth in the early part of tlua eentuTi', dovoled mad 
timo and laboar to the invention and perfecting of the appaxatos wtiA, 
with nomc improvements in details, is, as now used, etibstantiallj tM 
same as be left it. Tbe most important change ia tbe subelitatioo i^ 
Ttoxcr's rocket for Ibo morlar ami Khcll used by Manbv, whirb were lia)a< 
to many olijeclious. Dennet's " twia" rockets, also formerly in iu». lisit 
been withdrawn since 1BC&. Tbey were very uncertain ia tbeir Bigbl. 
Bomelimes fniled to ignite, frequently brt<ke the lines, and worv, beskks. 
double tbo cosl of Boxer's rocket. We shall, therefore, eonfino ooratlcii' 
lion to tbo Boxer ro<ket, and shall begin our description of tbe apparatu 
with il. Inking tbo rest lu the same order aa they eomc into use at a wreck. 
and thnii combiua tbe description and working of tbe several partA. II 
may bo stated in tbe outset that Ibc important stations are provided with • 
well-appointed eirt snitable for conveying the entire apparatus, with wj 
It is kttpt ofiiiipped and ready when any occasion for its nsa is 
arise, Tbe cart is fitted with drag-ropes, by which it may be 
nest borsos bsing employed for long distaneea. Tpon u wreck 
the catL in at once burned to tbo nearest fteeessible point, and the vroikof 
rescntng tbe crew is began. 

All rockets from which a considerable velocity ts reqnired nitul hava 
a hollow cone b tbe centre of tbo bead Urge esougb to expoN a 



mifficieol florfafd of the mflammabl* compMilion to generatd tb« qiuuititf 
of gas De«e8SAi7 to give the desirod propalston. The peetitiarity of Uie 
Soxor Life-Baviog Rocket is that thia cona is not cootiooouB Ihrougbout 
tbe head, which cooaistfl, in faol, of two rocket bodici placed one in 
elongation of the other. The cftvities ti, a (Fig. 1} oni sepuated 
bj a solid porlioo of composilioa (h), and when this is bamt through, 

Fig. I. 

tha cffeet of the front cavity is hronght into action, and itnpartB a tre«b 
itnpvlM to the rocket. The object of Ibis arratigemetit Is to obtain 
an eren vetocitj thronghoat the flight, to give greater length of burning 
nod flight witboat anjr eudtlen ^'iolence or developiog too high a Telocity 
at anj point, which might break the line attaclicd to tbe rocket. The 
lengtli of tlie I2-pr. rocket U 24 inches, and seeorely fixed to one 
side of it is the rvr/itt tiiek (r), 9^ ft. long, and of uniform tbickneBS 
thrOTigbout. The front of the stick, at tbe pArt where the ^laa i&tmeA 
from the rocket, is protected by & bLcoI of tinned iron, tacked orer it for 
■ length of 1-1 indie's. Each end of the stick is hollowed, as shown in 
Jig. 1, to receire the rocktt linr, which is passed throngb, and lies along 
the back of the slick, two &tboms of it having been thoroDgUjr wott«d, 
to prevent as far ai possible tbe ebauco of its getting borat. The end 


of tbe Udo ]i tcenrird bra common overhand knot; one brass washer 
and two of india-nibber {d) are placed between the knot and the stick, 
to ri>dnee the effect of the sadden jerk which is given to the line when 
tbe nK:ket in fired. A secnnd knot is made in the lin« near tbe hinder 
end of the stick, <>o that if the line sbonld be burnt near the rocket tlto 
knot ma; catch the stick and maintain tbe coooeclioa. The roetc<t Unn 



is a Ihin ropo, as light ns Is compnUblo wilfa tho nacmam y «tnsf&. al 
of Ktifficieot loDgth to allow oi tlio gT«A(o«t posftblc fli^jbt of Iki m^ 
and stil! leave ouo end with the part; on ahore. The llna it Jititi c 
/akitty fioB Id a box. tts Hbown in Fig. 2, tb« object htiag tohni 
Ktrtn^tA so that it mny nin off smooUiIy, asd -vritltout IU17 oUtnyH 
or raTelUng, wbirh vonid moei liheljr mtisa it to siiap, or ta atm w 
&il of eS'ectiog tho desirad commnnicatioD. If tbo line bw b»ea kiu^ 
to tbo Rceoo of a vicek loose, or if it u neeAssary to nso n lina a Mceri 
time, it mnel be faked on the (^onnd with e<jnal care. Beforo fim^ h 
rocket* the faking pins are lifted oat of tbo box, wbiob JB tiltad aldS 
tovr&nlfl tbfl trreek to facUitftte th& fre« ran of tho line. Wo ahallinyi* 
that tha lino has been attadicd to the rocket, and iiroperly disposal t] 
tbo persoDH toM otf foe that dutr, and ve aov come to tbs Bad » 
portnot part of the whole operAtion, the laying and firing of the mU, 
on nbicb tho saccosa of alt oflbrta to effect a commnnicatitHt with a vt!A 
in tbo Qist placo dopeudl. The rockil stand, ot /ui me tor firing tbo rods 
from, consists of a roetongaUr Irongb, largo cooagli to receive tba ifi 
of tho roekot, nod, in proloogatiun of it, a narrower and phallowcr tia^ 
to rccoivo the stick ; both aru uado of sheet irou, aud the Utlv i 
stre&gtfaened hj an iron rod undemoalb, and forma one of the Ugp i 
the tripod sappurtioi; tho Btand. From the head of Ihia the othae tai 
legs open latterly. On the right eide of the rocket bod is fixed a hM 
qtudrauk plate, with plummet nod lino to indicate elovation. Oa if 
left side protoclod by a cover is n Etrosg lock of umpio constnsetaa 
with a lerer-trigger to explode by percoesioQ a tube coDtftiiung ■ dal^ 
nating inixtaro, which communicnlea through ao aperture in the ej&t^ 
tbo trough with the vont of the rocket. A liao from tho trigger » U 
down the left leg of the stand, passing through ono sfaeaTo at Lbs 
and KDOthor near tho foot. Or the rocket may be firod by taeaai ot 
port-tiro through au opening on the right eido ; bat for tbia the mbl 
ro)]iiirct to be primed with a fuse which takes about ti%o seconds tu birv- 
It ia beat when poasiblo to use tho lock, as by meaoa of it iastattt adnfr- 
tage may be taken of a fnvonrablo lull in the wind, which is of gcnl 
impottAnce at the sturtiag of the rocket, when its speed is itloweet. Iba 
rocket baring hocn placed in the frame with tho vent nncappod, and lli* 
line prop«rIy disposed abreast of tho frame and a httio to tbo leewacl 
of it to prevent the IJoe coining in contact with it in mnning oat, tk 
frame ia tben laid and pointed at the proper eternlion. (ircai care mnt 
be taken tlmt tho frame is perfectly lov^:'], as if it is down at ono oi* 
tho flight of tbo rocket will be inclined in that direction. 'J'his ta 
moat (roqneot eanne of bad shots when thoy oeear. If Jlring aeroae 
wind, aulEciont allowanee mnst be made, so that the rocket aad Line 1 
not bo rarried to leeward of the wreck. If thoy paaa to windward, 
lino ia nifty Ulcely to be carried on board by the wind or iea; tbo objert 
is to send tlio rocket if possible through Ihe rigging, if standiuj;, 
OTor the wreck* aud tlua is most likely to be cffootod by ibc 



fllevnUtiu thnt will turj tbo reqaircd disUinco; and, bcsidflB, witli a 
low elei-atioD tbo distanco U mors (juicki^ tnTtned, and as Uiero is 
l«n iino oat it is less liable to bo d«dectod by ths wind — 85** to 88** 
of elarnUoo gives the maximnm nuigo, irliieh nrongas aboot 870 yards. 

Tbe rocket is DOt a mienle ealenlated for accurate flight, jMiiiealarl^ 
aerosa a strong wind. Tfaa ceDtro of graTity is in the head and ia not co- 
incident wilb tbo centre of figare, nad tba meehanical action of the wind 
ou tba eticlc. coustnuUy teods to tarn tbe bead np tbe wind, and as tbe 
propalsiTO power is eontinnons, and arts in what^rer new direction is 
given ta tbo rockol, this tendency would ultimately point tbe rocket 
fttraigbt into tbe wlad. Tbis serious cause of deflection ia fortnnftt«ly 
eotmtoractcd in the case of the Lifc-sanng Itoc^et by tbe effect of tbe lino, 
ibo pull of which from Lbe sUrtiog- point, iu spite of the bend caused in tbe 
eontra by tbo wind, is suiGcicQl to kc«p tbo axis of tbo rocket parallel to 
tbo ori^^innl lin« of flisbt, and this et«adying effect inorcasrs nitb the length 
of fiiglit. Hencf tlio rocket will not bo pointed up the wind, but rocket 
and lino together will bo carried down the wind a certain distance, which 
may be allowed for. Grsatcare is always takon wilb tbo first shot, both 
beoauae it ia in all eases dosirable to offoct a communication as quickly aa 
possible, and becaoso tbo cbanco of dolug so is much greater when the 
line ia dry, light, and carefnUy faked, than after it bns become wet and 
ditty from baing previously used. The man who pnlls tbe trigger stands 
to windward and paescs the trigger lino under bis foot so that tbe direetion 
of the pull may be i/onn tbo leg of the stand and not tend to difltorb it. 
Bbonld tbo line not fall within reach of tbo shipwrecked erow, another 
rocket is immediately laid aud Crcd, the lino of tbo former oQe being io 
tbe mcAottme battled in for use if required. If happily the line bait b«>en 
seized by tbe crew, thoy make cerUiin preconeortcd ^gnols, with flags 
dating tbe day, and with lights at night — that is, if tbcy are acquainted 
vith th«m, which is rarely the ease. It has been found that fire oat of 
every six crews who have bad to depend on the rocket apparalns for their last 
ebaneo of life, have been ignorant of tbe method of ueiug it, and lamcntablQ 
mtstakes baTC, io oonjequeoee, sometimas been made. It would be highly 
desiraUe that orety ship should be compelled to exhibit in some conspi- 
euoQa pUce short printed directions for tbe use of tbe apparatus, or even 
to cany a small model of it, which might be explained to tbe crew. 

Suppose the signal made, we are now brought to the next part of the 
apparatus — a "vhip" of manilla line of about one-and-a-half inch mrtr 
through a single "laiiof block." Tfao rniM Hnck is on ordinary block aad 
pulley with a tail or firoo end of rope attechod to it about two ralboms In 
length, by which It may bo mado fiist to tbo mast or some other part of 
the wreck. A whip is tbo name giveo to a rope i-oiv or led over tbe 
puUoy or wheel of such m block, and in this case the two ends are spliced 
so AS to fonn an eadletis rt.pc. The inshore oad of the rocket lino is now 
brift or AiBtened round both parts of the ii-Ai/t about tvo fathoms &om the 
toil^ Uvck, and the signal to baol off is given bo the crew by a man told off 


for tbat (latf. Wbil« the or«« are h&aling off the <rAip, wliicli ts lb 
bcATiost, almost the only ptrt of iho work which falls ta theai« Utou ■ 
BfaoreftracKrafallopKyoat the lines cleer of kinks, snd noljutoztfaat% 
ciu) t«k« them in, to aroid aa ninch u poHsibls all riak of their (uuUng o^ 
other, or rocks, wreckage, or &dj obstractinns id Iho var. Wb«s &i 
orow have got the taiiM Itoek on board tbev God attached to it a uJf 
board with theu dir&ctiona in English ou oda side, and Preocb • 
tbo other. •• Mnhe iJn IfiU fj the block /itu lo the loir^r wujl v*S vf, 
(f moMta an (/one, then to th» le*t pi-cf yoa can JintL, Ca$t v0 vmtiL 
liiip, »ff llial thr mpe in fJu hlocti fUnt f/w, and thaw ai'/tmt tu tk» AunT 
AOor this, all tlie work is done hy the party od shoro, who have am 
oommoniGatioi) irith tbo wrtM:k !>>' nieoaa of an flodless ropo lanmng orvi 
pulley attached to the ship, by wlueh they may sond^uiTthing off or 

uytbtng aabore. The sigoal hariug been received, the hawwrr, a thl**- 
inoh manilla rope, is attached abont tvo or thrco fathoms from its eod Is 
one retnna of the whip, and is scot off to the wreck by haultog on Ibt 
other. AloDg with tho hawser the crew receive ntiothvr tally board St 
reoUag thsm to *' Make thu hmrur jait almit tutt jWi ahat« tkf bui 
hloek. tin' ait cttar and thaX iht rope in thr blotk runs /nv, and «A«r 
*!'jnal lo tU« $horf." Great care is ueceesary to prevent Lbo bawaer nt 
whip lino from tirUting ronod eacb other, aod with tbia vinw they ai«JU>/ 
in oontrary dirvcttous, the liawMr being a right- banded, and Iho whip * 
left-handed rope ; it is also necessary to keep both retams ot lb* whip 
w«U m hand and well apart. 

The hawsor having been sigoailed last, it is now time to Bond off ihl 
ArMrAM Itucy, This ui a tiii'it hjr-liui>y with ptttKoat irrrehes, mf ahowB 
in Figs. 8 and 4, to Mcore pereons inaeosible or helpless from fiiUin^ sal 



of it, or being washed out wben it is neMsuftty to draff tbetn throogli tbe 
ntrf. AUacbed to the sliof; is a tmveUfr or invArted block with a brnsa 
sfaeave or wbwl throngb whiob the end of tbe hawser has been led beforo 
^eing sent off. One totnra of the whip la made Cut to tbe traTelW, and 
by hanliog on tho otbar rotani tbe breeches baoy ta sent off to tbe wTeekt 
and nt the sauie time tbe hawser is beiog i^f vp, thut in haakd taot. 
Where the Dattua of the shore reqmrcs, and other eonditiotu admit, n 
truujrfh- eompomd of three boUow iroo ej'tiDtlers ts ercctci], from which is 
imspeiidod a nrrtW $nat(h hioctc, that is a bluck openiog at one side fio as 
to admit of the h&wsor being at once let in witbont the delay of threading 
ittiiToogb ^m the end. Uy this Umo tbe men told off for that daty will 
have buried an ancknr vHh one fluko in the earth, sand, or sblogle, or if 
the shore is too soft for on anchor to hold, a stoat plank 6ve or six feel in 
length mth a latbom of chain of soffieient strength fastened round H 
amidships, is botiod three or Cbar foot ondorground, the end of the chain 
with a ring attached being brought to the surface. To this or to 
the anchor the hawser may bo Bet ap by means of a douhU hhek taekU 
purchanf, a doable systetn of poUpys. The objeet in makiag taot the 
hawMr and elevating it by the triangle is, if possible, to keep the persons 
coming asboTD clear of tbe n-arcs, wreckage, and roeks. As soon as the 
breeches baoy reaches the wreck the crew, even two or three at ■ time, may 
get into it and are brongbt ashore by their rescners banllng on the retora 
of the whip attached to tha baoy. The booy is i^in sent off and the 
process repeated onlil all ore landed, a ooommmation always grootcd with 
hearty cheers. Great care is necessary in sending olT the breeches bnoy 
empty, as in a strong wind it is sometimes blown right rooad over the top 
of the hawser, of coarse fooling the whip with it : the best way to preroat 
snch a mishap is to mn it ont as rapidly afi posaihle and allow no slack 
line oat. 'VS'hea the work is completed it is desirable to bring in the 
hawser to prevent its getting chafed or otherwi bo damaged, and that it may 
be ready for nse if again roqoirod. This is effected by means of a miur 
80 eoastmeted that it can be mn ont smoothly on tbe hawser to the wreck, 
when a emart pall landwards brings two kmfe-blades into action which 
sever the hawser. 

Tliia is the fbll working of the apparatns, which is always carried oat 
wfaea cironmstaaces admit, bat varioas modiScalions are freqoently neces- 
sary. If tbe motion of the wreck is vcr^* violent, tbe hawser is not set ap, 
as with tbe tackle need it woald not bo passible to follow readily enongh 
the oaoilUUons of tbe wreck, and the hawser woo^d certainly be snapped. 
In Bneh a rase the hawser is mannod by a sufficient nnmber of hand*, 
who by hattUng and letting go humour the swinging of the wreck, and 
still keep the bawser saffieiently tanl. Agab on a very flat, soft beach, 
when the triangle could not be erected, nothing woold be gained by nsing 
the bawser. and sometimes the iauncdiato break-np of a wreck is bo immi- 
nent that not a moment is to be lost. In these cases the traceUer is 
nmored from the sling of tha breeehM baoy and one end of the whip is 



led tbroogh tii« thimhU or ring attAched to iixe aling«« and tiu enii 
tliaa made fast to tho oppouto sldus of tba haoy (Fig. 4), irkieb 
both travels oa tli« whip and u btuleil bv U. SometimM t2to 
aro moie Riunmary than any descrihod. When a wreck it bmt 
tona rMli9( or a pier, tbu eommtmicaliOD is dfrti(>li'd bj throwing 
Uae io vhich is uttacbud a hficiwj-rllck, a loaded stick to oanj 
fnrtbtir ; the whip or bawaor i» Bent off as may b« jodgod b«it, 
crew acramblo aahcro, often not n momoat ioo Eoon to OBoapD}: 
jaws of death. 

In all eaacj when the apparatns is used, two mfin are equipped n 
belta with Ufo-Uuea attached, whoso daty it Is to go into the soif to 
ftoy that may bavti betm wasbed overboard from tba wrack. 

Tbo apparatus ie under the charge of the Conat-guard or Ciutaaii 
ttie diilcrcut stalioas, and the chief officer present luu the pawv 
Bompel omeis of horseB to Uod them for aso in cases of shipwreck, 
to order all persons proRcnt to a-isist in nny way he may reqaire. BA 
eren from tbo difficulties that have been pointed out as oooturtzig is At 
use of the appamtas, it may be infened that ooskilled aasistunoa ii 4 
little service under the cireamstflnceg nsnnlly attending a wreck, esped^T 
at night. Tbis wotild be still more apparent from a glaneo at Um ^ 
mianto and prccua drill, verymttch resembling gun drill, each man haiiif 
bis apecial daty assigned bim, which it is considered oeoessarj to pradiM 
in order to-seeurc the worlung of the apparatus with rapitlity and soeeen 
The eoast-goard are seldom present in sofficient nDmbem to act by ih^ 
selvc!*, and sometimea wrecks occur simaltaneonaly, to more than oot d 
which it would bo impossible for them to attend. The need of akiUadtfl 
o^puDiscd assist4ince was never more punfoUy apparent than at the undt 
at tbo month of tbo Tyne of the StanUy, passenger steoiiMhip betwiA 
Aberdoen and NowcaeUe, in Noromber, 1804| by vlueh twenty-six penoBS 
perished after many hours of terrible agony. The foarfal soeoea of Oaf- 
night determined some ftenUcmen who hod been helpleBs witncMse ^ 
Ifaem to take care that there, at least, for the fatore trained and oAaed 
belp should norer be wauling. The reHult of the movement then B:iait0l 
was the Tynomonth Volunteer Life Brigade, wliich has serrsd u ^ 
pattern for nearly 150 brigadee and companies at ditTerent places akec 
our coasts, and is still regarded as the ebtef, a« w^ll aa imnsnt of s9 
existing brigades. All new apparotns or improTemonta nre sent to H te 
trial and report, and all represeDtativca of foreigo Qovenunents daaSrooa 
of becoming acquainted with the working of the apparatoa ar« retsmd 
to it. 

As the craft of all desonptiouG annually entering the Trno fhr cuetd 
in rnnnber, although not in tonnage, those entering any other port is lb* 
kingdom, and it is the only port on the north-east eooEt to which ship 
can ran under etrcss of weather, although yet but ii ~ '-^d to 

aanre as a borlioar of refuge, Ibere will always be nv< 
well-drilled brigade at l^emoutb. The massiTe piers on 


tiio riror, vhleh havo been boilding siQca^lBSd. aad uo still &r from com- 
plete, and 13ie dredgtog operations of Ibe Biver CommisaioDers, havs 
greatl; im])roTed the ontraooe to tba barliour, as woII aa tbe whole cotirse 
of the river under their jorisdiotioa. Jost before the eommeucemoDt of 
tbe i>i«ra man have been knovn to wade across tbe rirer At the bar where 
tiiBM is now neror lass thui twenty feet of wuter. The piers eouvorgo, 
but are sltll aboot thxee-qoarters of a mile apart, and with such a depth 
of water tbe waves, particatarlv with an eatit or sontb-east wind, roU in 
in unbrolien TOlnme aud force, and the greatest danger now lies inside tbe 
bar or what used to be tbe bar. A ehip, oooe hirly within the pierv and 
standing up the rirer, has ou the north side tbe B&tterj Itocks ikying uound 
the foot, of a loft; promontory overlooking tbe month of ibo river on 
which stands the old Spanish Batter;, and then, oontinooas with those, 
but trending up the river, those " injamts $toptiic* " the " Black iliMmt," 
the scene of ever recurring wrecks, whose low-ljing undefined nglineu Is 
well described hy the name the; bear ; and then Cutbor op and more ad* 
vaneed Into tbe channel, and .somewhat more olerated, the Prior's Hock, 
bearing a beacon, whieb onoe passed, danger may be considered orer. 
All those rocks are eovered nt high water up to the base of the olifGi over* 
hanging them, and are bare at low, sod in all intermediate states of tbe 
tide present a chaos of contending white and black — white breakers and 
naked black rooks — us ugly a sight as a poor mariner eould have on biB 
lee when, with tbe force of wind and wares, is combined, as is fre<]nently 
the ease, tlie instdtons ett of a strong obb-tido intensified by a fresh in 
tbe river common during tsLorms. Ou tbe sooth-side is the Herd Sand 
within the angle formed by tbe gootb l*ier and the channel, which, though 
not BO swiftly destructiTC to ships nor so fatal to Ufo ns the coocbant rocka 
on tbe norLb, seldom sonouden a ship that has been ooco driven upon 
its shoals. Between these dangers, on the right hand find on the left, 
thorc is a deep aud safe channel when it oan be kept ; hut if a ship is at 
all disabled, ifatlbelAstmomenther steering gear is broken or thrown oat 
of order hy one of tbe huge waves which still rise and break on the bar, 
her position is one of imminent peril. The intention is, when the piers 
have been c»mtid to their foil extent and the entrance hss been sufficiently 
eontraeted, to widen and deepen the basin within by partially removing 
tbe roeks and by dredging, so that the waves eoteriug mny spread them- 
selves and speedily die away, and then any ship, whatever her condition, 
having onea got within the picr-bcads, will at the worst be within reach 
uf reocoo by steam-tugs. The Tyno will then bo a horboar of refuge 
much needed on tbitl coast, to which all ships in distress may run, as 
indeed they do at present; but to eOect all thst maybe aceomplifihod 
wilh thia Yiew, much yet remains to be done entailing an ezpenditoro 
which ean hardly be met from local rcsoarces, but lowbicb no public con- 
tribution liAS yot been nude. The Kivor Commiseionors huvc already 
expended upwards of 2,000,000/. of borrowed money in addition to their 
nnnaal eipanditnre from revenne on the piers and rirer improvement, and 



vithoot Stat« aid it is to be feared Uiat tbc^ wiU be eotDpellul to am 
Ibeir pier works do fwrtber Lbaa tb« tntde reqairaments of the port dtSHtti 
leavinj; the barbonr to soma extent n nnare raLber thui a nfog« to«(» 
scis UiBt etn DO toDger nitbEtand tbe fury of tha Btorm in Ihu opes ha. 

Th« TjDoinoutb VoIuDt«er Life Brigade conaitts <?f aoaxlj IfiOiM- 
bcrs, who are formed into fonr dirisioDe, &aeb under tbo aunmand (< i 
captaiQ, elected amtaiill; by the efticient menibers. Xhs eonstitntiiioai 
management of tbe Bngade vill bo best nnderetood from tbe (bllovif 
copy of tbe rales wbicb have beea adopted by the Board of Trade furtti 
legnULioo of all brigades and oompaniaa enioUod for tbo same porpott. 

Tbe Brigade is composed of all elossM of iocioty roaidvat in tba iMi^ 
bonrbood, and includes elorgjmeo, doctors, man of bneiDess, and IkM 
in their employ, and a good proportion of boatmeu, fiebermen, asdaa 
who luT* fonnerlj b«4D sailors. The dross vom at drill » ■ dark 1^ 
guernsey with a wide ligbi-eolanred waisttwlt, haring the imttaUofAt 
Brj^'ado cuibtoidurod on it. Tbe belt is always worn at wrecks, and it oecB- 
>fti7, particularly at night, to distiogntab memben from other penw 
present, who are somatioies npt to foroo themsdros whero ihay can aij 
bo In the way. Ibore is n regular practice drill onea a month, bsl 
oft«n more freqnoutly when it is desired to test some proposed ioncffi*- 
m^nt in the apparatus, or to exhibit its usetothereproscntatiirea of Hoivp 
Btntes, and oUwrs who may wish to adopt it. From tbe iutereat ahewia 
tbe inbject, both by America and several European l3ovexnixieat«, «• 
may hope that our sailors will soon find the same means provided for thcr 
rescue from dauger oo foreign shorofl u aro now lo commoii along oor on 
coQstB. Tbe naoal place of practice is from the north side of the p*- 
montory already referred to, which is soparatcd by a email bay. csIM 
Prior's ElaveD, from tbo North Pier and the loftier Castle liueks, on wbilh 
slaDd TynetDonlh Castle and Fort, the Xiighthoose, and the mini of Ui 
ancient Pnory. Tbe distance from the firing point to the pier is i^ort 
160 yurds, over which persons are taken to and firo aa if from a maul 
The intcrreniDg space ia occupied by the sea and roeka, either wholly at 
partially covered with water, and tharafuro presenUng all the difficaltiH 
usually mot with in cases of wreck. A proportion of these driUa take plaet 
at night, and it is always considered fortunate when the weathor prorei 
Btormy, that the conditions may as nearly as possible roSBmble thoae tA 
real worii. lu order that a member may be rookoued effeotive, ha most 
attend at least fire drill* in the year. The time from firing tho ruokat 
landing tbe first man varies from six to twenty minutes ; but as tQatmct 
is geoerally combined with tbe working of the apparatus, it is seldom i 
more i>p««d ia aimed nt. Their ihortast pezfonmanoo in actaal work wbca 
all the apparatos has been nsed wu in the case of tho wreck of 
/^yAf •/ iA« hnrtiH, when a er«w of five men were Uaded in twooty-fa 
minutes, the four lost being brought ashore in ten minutes, tbe delay wit 
tbe first having arisen from their ignorance of the u&o of the apparatoa. 
The Watch Uouie of tbe Brigade stands within an eDclosare band* 


the Sptmiah BaUeiy, clow to Uie tSfto of the cliff, orcrlooking tho month 
of tb« riTor, and eommAiiduig a pcrfeot tjcw of Ibo offing. Away to iho 
eonth ig HMD X lofty witll of rock, starling at no Rr«Rt dbtasea Itoid 
tho Sonih Pier, in the Trow Rocks, aod eoatinned by the fantutieally 
CBTenied imd isohUed rooks of Marsdeo to the Boater, the fiuihcit point 
Tuibtc, imd lor mileB beyood, v!th hardly n break on to the moatb of the 
'Wear, agobst which the Eca in elormy weather beata with eeaeeleu friry. 
The Tifiw of the coast line to tho north, aUoost equally roeky and procipI> 
toofl, ie cot off by the Caatlo Rocks. The Watch Hoose in a woodim 
Btroetore about forty feet in length, divided into two aparimonte : the 
larger for general ueei and the smaller to receive the rescued crews, whore 
they are supplied with dry dothiof;;, food, and restoratiTM, and receiTe 
erery attention which their coDdiUoa may reqniro. The walla are hung 
round wilb rules, regolatioae. and notices, a few choria, and display some 
vwy saggestire trophies, tho namcboards of TeMels wbOM crews have 
heaa aarod by tho Brigade. Around two rides of the home moi a deep 
vaxandah, which on the riret-side it was found necessary to close up, and 
fit with eltding windows and panels, as without some such protection it 
was most dlfficalt, parUcnlai-ly at night, in such hurricanes of wind, rain 
and BDow as often occur, to keep up a caroful and ccnstaiit out-look. At 
lught eflpe«ially, the watch maet bo inocssont, as ships, or rathorli^tfl, 
for tbat is all that is &oea or reported, start almost inslantanooasly from 
the darknesi. 

Suave, mail mapio tattastibiu nqoora veetii, 
B letra nrngDnm altcriaB Rpcctart lahonm— 

and tho Tynemouth Brigade VTatch Hoose preBenls opportanitics and 
fuiUlJoa for this enjoyment each as Lucretius could hardly hare contem* 
plated, bat Ibo motive which brings the watchers there night after ni^t, 
is Tery different from tho temper which finds satisfaction in uritncssing 
Bolforijags from uhich the sufieror is exempt — if saeh can ever be accepted 
aa • true account of human feeling. People would not crowd to see 
their fellow-meo hopelesaly crushed and OTcrvboUned ; tho fascination of 
BDch scenes h'cs in tho strife, tho contest of skill and courage against 
brnte force, and in the hopu of victory ; and the cheers which greet the 
hindiug of one man after another show that the ipe<ctators have not been 
thinking of their own seenrity, bnt have been sharing in their hearts the 
feelings of tbo BufTerers. From this position are witnessed Hcenes of 

ible f^ndour and powor, and sometimes of ivild and indoecribable 

,nty, which, although th^ may bo surpassed on many ou nnfretiuented 
coast, are rarely to be bmq asBociated with the human interest which 
possesses the spectator who sees, or knows not in what moment ho may 
see, his fellow-men battling for life against force aa irreaieUble us pitiless. 

A storm, like all great realities, is grandest when best seen ; It has 
Dotbtng to gain from iodiBlinetiices of view. Ntght, if it increases tho 
danger, conceaU nbat the imaginatioo cou hanlly ruprodneo and cauuvt 

yoi- xxmt. — so. 16a. ^ 




tnrpnss. Ib« low driving aoad orerhadd i« swept mlong eWMlMtj) 

formleas mnrkinen ; hngd mus«s of fouo, cfanmed np to tha woi— ^ 

the rocks, ue torn up Iiy Uio Qoroo bluU or tlio n-ind anil vfairiwl vi^ 

throogti tho uIti smiliiig against tba fiice of the olifls auil Uw groao Im^ 

»bore, wbieli arc flerlud with whiU) «■ from the rcmsiiu of ft mtam^tm^ 

The black neky coast Imo fo Uio soaLb, until it is lost In a stulmi 

confoaoa of stu^ging *pn*7 *&<! elood, mqqu dwArfad ttuder Um mii 

wbibe coIomoB that aro hurled up from its base, tbo snnuniti ct ^^ 

atmok hj Ibfl lorel vind aboro, fitrcam fat inland, ■ rnggod eartali \ 

■pray, while tbu hearier inosset thunder down Again in m tbovri 

cfttaraots. Tbo nearer pior*, with their lofty stn^g^ un btuied w 

ihfl wares, ivbieh loap a hundred fisot aborc Ihom as In sadden mfi 

and wrath at their pr«matare arrest. Ont at Ma, on far as tlw «^<j 

P«notrat«, all ia a seeoe of trlM and tnmnltuons eommotioD, wwilttBrfW 

as tbfl waving tops of forcst-troos, bat incomponkbly morft liolaat { 

suecfiSBiou or conunou motion eau bo obBorv«d — wavQ loapa above «d 

against tho lowering doadi), to fall back borflt and bslBed, imUl. 

the shoio, they seem to maraud tbeaiHlTM for the assault, and 

on in Bmft sucooeding Unee, roar up their turbid niighl, 

quiToriog, coiling, until thcj? precipitate thAiDOdlves into tho 

foreruns them, or ore hnrlod nnbroken against the roBka. 

towards the break, of such a storm, tho son darts out for a m 

all the eontiUcss rcalurcs of the Bceno, before obscured 

and indistiDctocss, etond oat sharp and clear as bj a n; 

roTeUlioD ; or, at night, whan tho lower rook hat boon swept away, i| 

the cpper clouds have again piled tliemselrc? itilo mouses, the fall bmI 

poors down between them lhroQf;h tbe storm-wsshed air a flood of ifa| 

lees light, which transfgrms all the tenor and grandeur into wild bsiri 

and attrial grace. The rocks and piers ore masked in shifUiiR wrealM 

snow-whito cloud, the crash and roar of the breakers is carried off| 

the wind, and the wares, now all silver-white, a]>pear la 

and ehaie aiuk other in hormlesfi play, Boemiogty ineapabU 

ship or tile ; and on tbe eiireme veigo of the hnrtxon, boyoad 

light Qud fiulhor dftrkacSB bounding it, there is a streak of pas^ 

oalmost bri^tness, which seems to speak of a regbn beyond all of 

light and peace. Bot it is ver^- rarely that a smiling heaven Hi 

figures tho wrathful face of the deep, and most commonly a 

out in the luUon gloom which bos been one of the most 

opprosant featorna of Its prarious eoarse. 

In and) weethor the Brignde keep watch in sufficient foreo day''ij 
nigbt in tbo Wat<b Hcuae, and membeni who may spnu J part or 
in their own housss in tbe Tillage are conilautly on Uie 
■igaals. Wbsn the watch has to la maintained otcr a week c<r t*] 
as is somethues the cose, Uie duty, largo as the Brigadv i«, 
■erere, and someUmeA for Bueh a period tho more responsible members, i 
those who also Sana the Ufeboat craws, which are not so namoraoa. 


Biwp oot cf Uieir clotbos. Xboro are two lUeboata on iho atatiOD, ooa in 
Prior'fl Haven, and the other in the river ; bat Erom the rocky n&toro of 
the sliora tt it) seldom thej conld be rjsed on the north side, and mors 
wldom they coold be launched. The lifeboata of Korih and 8aath Shielda, 
the hitter of whifih elums the invention and first use of the lifeboit, are 
generally more available, and being kepi eoDsfantl; afloat in the borbonr 
in stormy weather, are readily tovred by togs wherever their lerriMfl can 
he of any nso. At night, the time of greoteit danger, the ma«t«r 'a always 
goodi as many members* otherwise engaged daring the day, ore then able 
to attend. If many shipc are eotering the river, they are kept on the abut 
the whole night, bat sometimes, when a storm hod lasted two or three 
days, several hoars may pass witbont a single sbip appearing. On soeh 
owanooi the eariier part of the night is spent in chatting, playing 
dnoghte and dominoes, listening to Ules of wrecks by those who have 
mffored or witneased them, or to " narrative age," recalling tb» time 
when as many as forty wrecks have been seen on the rooks together — for 
in the coarse of time every io«k abont these shores, and every foot of 
sand, have charged tbemsehraB as heavily with the tragedy of nnroeorded 
honuin Bufforing as the sods of any battlcfiold the moat renowiied. 

About eleran o'clock there is a great making of eoQee, which is served 
cmt with broad and cheese, and again between three and four ; and no 
stronger stimulant is over allowed excspt in oases of gnat exhaustion. 
After midnight the gomes have all been discontinaed, the talk has 
grodnally failed, the nntended lamps throw gloomy shadows on the 
nnoeUad roof, and project pillars of blaeknees against the walla, men slip 
qnieUy away aad extend tbemselvee on the benches 'which rnn roand the 
aides of the room, or let their beads droop on their folded anna on the 
tahles. The wokelhl seek what pastime or entertainment thoy can find in 
the stores of a small bat exceedingly mise^aneons libmry, tbe gift of 
friends, and insidd all is stillness, amidst tbe roar of the waves and tbo 
raving of the wind oatsido. If the watch report a " light off tbo bar," 
all in iustaut commotion, coats are hastily bnttonod ap, soa'wosters firmly 
secored, and all tnm out to watch one more daol between man and hts 
handiwork on one side, and all the puwan) of storm, dnrktiofiN, and mis- 
chance 00 the other. At first nothing ia to be seen bat a light, pltnigin^ 
■loggervig, and reeling in the darkness, now visible, now suddenly 
qoenehed, now seeming to overhang tbe shore, and then uinking into tiie 
far distanee, aad always, except to eqiorieiued eyes, appearing to be in s 
fatally wrong course. Boon, nnloss the nigbt is very dork, the dn«ky ont- 
linc of the ship beeomes visible sgaiust the while water which borderB on 
'both sides that streak of grey within which she strives to keep, and if she 
weathers these last dangers, she is watched on her way np among the 
barboor lights with not a litUa of that itwYxnn of relief luid thankfulness 
which alt know most iiU her crew at the sudden change from extrento 
peril to ahsolate seenrity. Bat if the ran for tbe barboor is not to have 
this hm^iy isnu and A beoomes orident that the ship must strike on one 
~ 6— a 



siilo or tho nUi«r, tha Rif^nKl-gnns ore irti, two for tba norlh biuI tliTMfit ' 
tbi) Booth tiit}, followed b; a Bkjr -rocket. Tlic reporl>; Birike ihiiji i^J 
middan Agauist tii« villa^ ; the rolliog ^oes, wbicli at other Ham f» I 
long themselTCB Bmimg llus roekii, are Bvept awaj hy th« swift wisd, tUj 
odI; tlio hard, BtarUing, urgent shock is heard ; aloog the ■tnetsftmi 
A flnddvo bftn^g of dcors And the sound of borried fiMl on tha 
but before thoM cah reach tho etaUon, tbo cart, (UvTBya r«sdj wSk 
full oquipmeat of tho appontos. ia oa its wa; to the wrook, the gw 
carried where tho c&rt cftDiiot go, and tbo work of reBOoe |raxiceodi wUb i 
much promptiLudc and rcguhuitj as oa ordiuoiy drill. 

Much has been EAid nbont Ibe nneortaiDty of tbo flight of the 
bat tbo TynDmonib Brigado hiiTc noTcr failed to got a Une spoodiri 
board, oreo up to a diBtanirG of S50 jardn. ^Vboo fioilare hag 
it bns becu owing to tbo erow being uuacqoAinlod with the um 
apparatus. lu the ease of the wreck of tbo Jtibrs, two years aoo, 
onl7 man who roacbod tbo lino laohod bimEtolf with it to th« stamp (4 ' 
most, and could not be tnado to ooderstatid that he ongbt to haul H H 
and in consoqueBee he and threo others perished eloae to Bhore, odIt 
who were waehod orerboanl being sared. Tha two Brigades at thv 
of tho TyuQ, Tor there is a BimilAr duo — the South Shields Bt 
tbo lontb side, have togethw saTed about 100 lirea daring Uw 
Tears tbo; have beou in existenoe. 

The dangers and bordBbipato irbieh men expose themselree is 
ing tbo rocket apparatus arc not eqnal to those incuired bj the en 
lifeboats, bat still they are for from ineonsidorablo, aad in h>iim 
hare prored fatal. Ur. Byrne, late chief oflicor of tbo Coast Gnardi 
Tyneiuouth Btftti.->^-, ut^rcr recorcrod from tbo effect* of tbo Jong 
on tbo dreadfnl night of tbo wreck of tbo SuttOty, ftod tbo iujantn 
roouved in hia gallant eflbrts to rescue her posseDgon and crow. Vm' 
reeently, lit. Albert BraTton di&il from the effects of over-oxertion tai 
QXposurD in saving life at tho wreck of the flot/nl AitilaitU. Bui tbo «■ 
perieneo of a single night of tbo TTuemoutb Brigade will givo an iAm d 
tho dangers nbi^^h tho voluntcen are colled oq to face in Lbe diaehaMt d 
tfaedolies which thoyhave undcrtAken. Tho 17th of Deeomber lasCvM 
remariuible for one of tbo severest S.E. galea which have rtsHcd thbonatf 
for tome yean. Many Rhipa had made the barbonr in safafy dnring tb« 
day. No casualliea bad occurred, except that one banino had etmckn 
the Black MutJt'tt, bat got oS agniD with disaUed stecringgear to boooiM 
A total wreck on tlio Herd Sand, licr crow l>cing taken off hj ooe of lbs 
Shields Ufeboata. At night tho wind cootinuod witli nnabatod tary, M 
bad gono round almost to tha east, and was tbnii more favnamble t* 
taking Ibe harbour. About ten o'clock a light was neon oil' tbo hoad d 
thsDOtthpier in ntDOEtdaDgorouB poutioD. Ifnho had eomo from Os 
IKHiUi, tuid overshot the fiur-w«y, her fotowas oortaio. she eonld sot uuh bnnl iilT; if Bbi) hiul como over sen, or from Itio north, wbirh wm 
bnrdly poesible, and bad way enongh on bcr, aho might stilt wontfaer tfcs 



ptHnt. To aroid false alarms, Um9 guns are never fired except wbw a wreck 
appeara ii>entable, bat tli6 Brigade, knoving from former experience that a 
vreek od the faera meaos sodden and complete destnieiion, had already, 
when the guns fired, got in motion along the rails ou the low level of the 
pier a iraggon containing a complete sot of the apparatufl kept there to 
m&nt sneh sadden emergoaciM. The abip proved to bo the barque Conntt 
of Bouth Shields. She struck Grel on the nihble, and was then hnrled 
broadiide ihll against the stAging of the pier, the outer tier of which aba 
smaahod down for many feet, ondoiug at one oraah the paiofol work of 
£i¥oarable op[>ortuniUe« exteDdiiig over toau; months. Huge piles, nearly 
three feet in diametor, were snapt like reods, and next moniiog the little 
Haven was foood choked with a wreckage of gigantic timbers, mingled 
with Ui« punier fragmeuU of the wreck, hurled up in a coofusion that was 
half terrible and half grotesque. Finding that the wreck was alongsido 
tba pier, to 8avo time the biiwaur and handlLne were taken oat of the 
wa^on and harried along, Oie eattre distance being about 000 yards. 
Oq reacluDg the wreck, the Brigade fomid that she had rebounded from the 
pier, and was lying on the rubllc. about forty feet off, her mainmast and 
mlzxenmast gone, which, with tiio afttfr part of the hull, bad been smashed 
by the fall of the pior timbers, killing instantanooiuly, as was oflerwardB 
learnt, the eaplain and four of the crow. Tho mate, who, with foor others, 
euaped Ibe fall of the ringing, made for the fore-topsaiJ yiu-d, which almost 
immediately fell overboard, carryiog him with iL There were thus only 
four lofl alive after the flmt moment of culliaion, and of the wreck little 
more eoold be seen than the furedeck with foremaBt nod bowsprit, which, 
from the total snhmersion of tho after part of the wreck, stood tolerably 

It was ertdently a case for the promptest measores, and accordingly a 
haodltne was thrown on board, fortanately with socceds at the 6ni 
attempt, and the survtvors, alter losing some time, as is froqaontly tho 
case, in ondeaTonring to send a warp ashore, banlod off tho line and got 
the hawser on board, which they quickly made fast, and three of them 
in rapid sueoesaion, with the sailor-like cloTorDOBS which bad been 
Mckoned on, eame ashore hnnging on to Uie hawser nith hands and foet. 
The Ibiirlh, a yoaog Dutchman, did not appear to havo the same 
coufide&co in his own powers, fgr ho stripped to shirt and drawars, and 
now heutated to make the attempt. There was enongb to eaoso tho 
atoatost heart to piuiM, and few would have run the hazard hot to eeeapo 
certain dealh. llie waves were romuug almost parallel to tb« pior and 
dividing cm the head of it, and gathering np against it, tore through 
between it and the wreck like a forioaa roaring cataract, dashing not only 
a heavy spray high over Uie hawser, bat harUsg against it great snrging 
masses of water, whose foroe the most desperate hold seemed but ill able to 
withstand. The load oraahing of tho wreck, na some of the foremast 
rigging fell, at length determined him to start, and he had got ahont a 
third of the way when, on the elearing away of a heavy wave, he was seen 



to hftva lost hold wiUi Lis logs mnd to be hanging oa by tlw axuMttl^ 
Afl ooe wave aft«r aDDther patsed ha eooU ba aoen, for tlutfe ma a III 
moon bnriod amooK the rack ovoriiead, straggUiig bopalaaaly, ni 
indeed, aimleBaly, for what appeared an Inerndibly koig tima, bol nfc 
perhaps, not more than two mioaUa a]togotbcr. Some tnombuB 
Brigoilo niahed to go off to him, linl wisolj, &h it proved, Mxey 
bidden. It veaa determined Lo eodiI off tbo lireechea buoy, bat aa tl 
allowbd to use a snatch block for the iraveiUr, ulthoagh on 
emergeuey as this It might be OMftil, it bad to bo ran on from tho aad of 
hawser. This was done, and it only remained to attach a line to bnaf 
back. Odo of tho men was atanding near the edge of the piar vilL 
band oo the hawser in front of tho baoT to prevent it raxming dTi 
all waa ready, when the Brigade was made aware that thej thi 
were within the waah of the sea. Thoy had taken their positioii 
tho head of the pier nnder the staging ; many of the xtuuwiTe 
frost of thorn, broken at the baae, bat still attached to the acoflbldbg 
(he top, rocked and swung with eveiy wave, making the whole 
with its ponderoas crauaa and machioei7 overhead, groan and 
way that might bare roiaed doabte, if there had been time for 
its stability. Chains rattled and clanked, and the wind raered amOBj 
dark timbers, laahing over all torrents of hiesing spray, trhon in ons 
thoee aeoesses of violence which seem to be peiiodieal in Btorxoa, a 
tea swept along the pier, knocking down mwA of the men on the ba«w' 
which, bearing against the weather-side of one of the pilos, fortoul^ 
enabled thom to bold their gromid ; bat the man in front of the bresAa 
bnoy was hnrled into the sea, and many others narrowly escaped the ■■* 
fate. With the same sea the foremast of the wreck went. The iM 
overboard had on a cork jacket, and rose to the sar&ce immediately ; Llim 
life-bnoys with lines wore thrown to him, one of which he bad seixed, and yi 
(^ven the word to haol np, when be was dashed away by the next «■<• 
among the piles and anfinished masonry, no doubt to instant death, iA 
a farce to which alt hnman power of resistance was pitoonsly nn<ti|lrf 
TliQ man on the hawser still clnng on ; the breeches buoy, releaaed §«■ 
the hold of the poor fellow overboard, and struck by tho same mw, fad 
been shot out to him, but witboat a line attached. Ho bad got hoM of 
it, and had gut into it, and had grasped a lino thrown over bint, and ia a 
Csw aeeonda he too would have been safe on shore, when, aa if eoUeotiif 
all its fory for a final assault, a tremendoos sea come hurtling tti 
RHuing oat of the darimees. tore away the entire nnuuttit of the ■iiafik 
wreBobed tho hawser oat of the men's hands, and almost draped Ihv 
orer the brink. When the mass of wator rolled past and tho spniy Mt 
^not a TMtige of tbo wreck was to be seen, and the Corwut, which, aft* 
lltaUling three days with the storm at sea, had bat a ijnKrter of m 
hour before been within a cable's length of safety, was now ahatlawd to 
inoomenUe fragments. Tbo Bri^de immediate^ retreated from flMfr 
AnguvoB position, and retiring half way akuig the pEer, ma&y of tbv 




«laiab«re<l dowa to tiie rocki, wb«r«, m it wbs now hai£ «bb, Uiej Orel 
1>egaa to bIiow kbore irAter, nnd whenever a fragment of vreok appewod 
iMuiag Bay nsanbliuica to a man, a dash was made into the snrf. Somo 
,£ueied tb«; could li«ar ori»«, bat it was rala to bop6 UiAt any liring thing 
conld haTo pABsod the rooks b«tw«ca tliem and the wnek. The body of 
the I>tttvL Bailor, whpse desperato etragglo vaa so fearfully temuaated, 
■was toon found, bnt life was gono beyond recall, and very soon the 
Bngade was withdrawn from nsvluss risk, uud, many of Lhom wet t^i the 
seek, zesomed their watch fur tho nigfal. By this time the lined rescoed 
men wero seated by the liro warmly clad and dry, all but tbeir hair, 
which, still Fall of water, ahtm-ed how recent their peril had beeii» 
eihibiting, as sailors always do under snch oircamstaitoes, the most 
iiiwgyminii; modesty and a toaching humility, which eeemg to be divided 
betveon Ibankfulness and wonder that they can ba the object of so moeh 

All this time no one could toU who the Brigiide man was who had 
been nwept off the pier. Men are so mnffled np at this work that it is 
hard lo recognise thorn in the dark, and the moet painih] snBpeose 
prevailed until two o'clock the next morning, when the fears of many 
ware resolved, bnt to the certain sorrow of one bereaved &mily. The body 
was fbond on the Battery Rocks, tvad proved to be that of Robert Arkley, 
one of the most eiomplaij nod rospoetod members of the Brigade. 
Although Arkloy'a daily work wa« at the Northumberland Docks, three 
miles up the river, and bo lived about a mile and a half from the Station, 
yet no one was mora regular in his attendance. Often, when he had 
but JDst ntnnied to his borne alter a long day's work, if the guns were 
fired he rushed off immediately, lenviug his ffroning meal ontnsted. His 
wife had a strong and distreasing presentimont that some evil would befall 
him in tlu Brigade serriee^ and be always cneonutered fW>m her the 
strongest oppontioD to his going ont, pariieolarly at night, and be has 
been known to make bis escape by the window when she bad secured the 
doors in Uie hope of keeping him in. And thus he eontinued, fearless 
himself and devoted to the doty he had Dndertoken, ontil his wife's woni 
iiears were terribly verified. 


S§i Iplnntt ^nrs : mi £m»]1 is R '^Ibcbi 

The plaDot Mars has retaroeci to oar noctonial skies, after 
fftvounilily placed for rather morA thftn two year^. Ho Dov 
tiitODghoDt the night ns a niddy Btor la tbo coDstellation Vtfgo iBrfni 
gaishcd by hia iitipermr lastre, M well as by his coloor md the rtfuvilb*- 
of hiH tight, from the loailing brilliontfi of thai conBtoIIaUon. Ni^ ifl> 
night, ho will rise vturlier, h«comiiig towards July and Aagtiat bb erenl 
Bi»r in the ordicary sense of that expression — for, elricUy 
already on eToning Btar. 

When Mara nas last in a favoorable poaitioD for observatioOf 
appoarod io tho pages of this Magaziae an essay, oaiitlod Ld/€ in 
dascrtbmg the considerations vrbiflb have led astronomoTB to b«lJevA 
in this planet conditiooa may prevail which woold render liib poaaiHi 
lor Buoh orentoreB aa we are familiar with on uorth. Tbat ettmy^lA 
in fact, with tho argoments which woold haTo been employed by fiiumlK 
in T"ft'"t<""'"g his po&ition agaiuet a \Vh«woU of tbo preirat day. W* 
prc^KMM in the present eesay to discuss certain consideralions whiefa poiit 
in a difTcront direction, and wonld cortunly not bo loft nntonehBd fej: 
WhowoU if ho now livod, and sought to maintaJa his poaitioD sgiynst fti 
beUoToni in more worlds thaii otic. 

It ia R little hard, perhaps, that on attack ehoaU be miule M^""'! 
tho habitability of Mats ; for, though we are in the halnt of BpeaUBg 
aomewbftt confidently of life in other worlds, it is, as a mottor of fuel, il 
Mors alone that astronomers have hitherto roeogtuBed any Approach ti 
those conditions which we regard as neoeaaary for the re^tunoMali oi 
li'ving bebgs. All that is known oboat Mercnry and Vootu, tead* n 
the coDdasion that vory few of tho creatnroa exiaUng on oar flarth easll 
live in either planet — and asaoKHlly man is not among those ereal 
It is not merely that in both tboao planets the averago daily enp; 
heat is fur greater than wo could (mduTO nnseathod, bat that troia thi 
of these planets — the slope of their oies to the level of tbeir 
supply of heat varies greatly in amount, so that at one time 
much moro than even that average eapply whieh wo could not baar, ustd d 
another uo bent ut roeeifod at alt for many days in sncoetaion, or olat * 
supply BO small in quantity that boings like men voold perish irilh (hi 
reaaitiog cold. And when paasiiig beyood Mars, and traToning ttw 
woDderful ring of small phinuts, we come to Jupiter, where, lo iai 11 
diroot solar beat is otmDcmed, wa aro assured that there is no! a Utta 
of the supply which would be oteMsai; for hangs like oorselvas. Ta 



the gap beiwMD Mars and JupiWr to quite onlUce Uui which idpftr&tca 
Mors dam Hie earib, and the earth from Venos (refornog of eoona to 
tlii< putbs of these bodies). From Uare to Jointer is fully six times the 
distsnce firom the earth to &[&». and the sdba light aod heat at Japiter 
are ru(Iaeo<] tn lew than the ninth part of tho light and hoot which are 
rucoivud b; Man. Of coone Satom, ITranos, and Nepltuio are ■till 
loss fitted to be the abodes of creatures Bitch as those which inhabit the 

Hsis alone had given promise of faahilalulity in the ordinarr seofie of 
the term. And the aUidy of Mars hod rerealed many intcrestiDg resnltd, 
spparcQlly confirmiug is a striking manner the opinion that he is a 
"miniature of oareurth" — a globe resembling the earth in physical 
hahitades, and like hor the abode of h'riog oreatttrcs, amoogst which 
may bo races resembUog man. Wo know that Mars is not so rery mach 
briber than the eoxth from tho sea, as at a Qret view to dispose of all 
Idea that he ts inhabited. Ilia year is not so mnch longer than onrs as 
to mndor our coneeptiuns of his seaaons iocompatiblo with the axisteneo 
of To^ut&blo life resemblicf! that which exists on the earth. Then we 
know that his seasons rescmblo those of the carih in thur range: his 
arelie, temperate, and torrid zonos occupy nearly the same rolatiTe 
portions of bis globe as ours do. His day, s;^-iin, only differs from the 
torrcslrial djiy by about thirty-seven minut<^9. Water certainly exists on his 
mrfacfl, and the vapour of water is present in his ulmosphero. Oceans 
and e<mtincut8 can be recognised on bis globe— they have even been 
mapped and charted, and globes have been formed of the raddy plauot. 
The polar snow.eapa of Mara can olio bo seen, and their increase and 
diminntion with the vnr^-ing seasons can be readily recognised. Tlio 
mgns of dgnd and miat and rain, ocsaa-carrents and air currents, bare 
been trnced. la fine, OTeTTthing which one could hope to find as 
kUvo of the hahitability of so distout a world, has been seen in Mors ; 
and aocordingly it is not greatly to be wondered at if the theory that 
he ifl inhabited, and by beings not very unlike those eusting on onr ««rth, 
should have been eomfortsbly accepted by most of those who hare con- 
flidorcd tho subject. 

Vvt tbcru has always been a eerious di0iculty in the way. Although 
the distance of Mors from tho sun is not so much in excess of the 
earth's as to eomp4 ns to forego tho idea that he is saitably wormed and 
lighted (reference being ulnrays made to the wants of sueh crvalores as 
iro are lamili&r wUh), yet thefe is a BuJIieiint discrepaDcy to render it 
somewhat surprising that the metcorologiecl eonditioua on Miira ghoold 
appareutly resemble thoee on the earth very closely. This would not bo 
the pbiee for nice ealoulations, and therefore we ^to results without 
entering into tho details of ibe proeosses by which thuy have been 
obtaioed. It is the case, tlien, that the average duty supply of lij^ht 
and beat on Mars (sqnore mile for s>]aare mile of his surftee) is toss than 
the supply oo the eoilh io the pioportioo of two to fire. When ho is 



lit fais noiircrt to tbe mm, Uie daily sapply amoDnte to rutb«r more Mas 
% half tbnt roctiiTed hj tlie cartb ; but when he i9 at bin Cuthett, tb 
daily anpplj faXIa t« little mora than one- third of tho earth's. 

This is a totj ccrioas defieicne; vhon rigbtly ondeistood. We nut 
not content onrselreB by oompaiing it to the difldren«o betnrean ihb bMt 
of a vint«r day and a enrnmer day. We oft«n bare to endnre for ■mnl 
(lays in goeeeuion a much gr«at«r degroe or cold than wDiUd foUov Ima 
the mere rednction oC the son's ordinary heat to one-third its prCMDl 
ralDQ, and tbe defieteney is not dostmotiTo to life. Bat it wonid b* qatic 
aaotbor matter if the whole eapply of tight and beat to tho oorth *tn 
redueed in thia proportion. It tanst b« rcimf^mbored that to tbnt ra' 
wo owe tho eontinoaneo of all tho forma of force, inetadiiig ViUUtr, 
tbe whole earth. " Tbe nut's rays," said Sir John H«w:faal in 18M,' 
" are the altimate sootee of almost every motion wbieb taken plneo tm 
Bor&ee of the enrth. By its heat are prodoced all winde and thoae tif- 
toTbaiiwa in tbe olectrio oqailibnom of tho atmosphere, which girv n» 
to tbe phenomeon of lightning, and pmhahly, also, to torrcBtrial mi^ 
notiam and tho nnron. By their nvif^-ing action Tagatablos ar« eubW 
to draw support from inorganic matter ; and beeome in lb*)r tatn lb( 
support of animals and man, and the sonree of those great deposits el 
dynamical elBeienoy which are laid up for hamau use in oar cottJ sbila. 
By tboDi tbe waters of the raa ai-o made to cireolate in Tapoar thnragk 
the air, and irrifpile the laud, producing npringa and riven." 

What would happen if the source of ali tbeae prooesses, of ever; fbrai. 
in fact, of force existing and acting on tho eartb, were to lose more tfaas 
ODo-balf of its power ? Wo can answer thin qaestion best by anotbv* 
What would happen if the engine working a mighty system of maehtouy 
were deprived of more than one-half ite due supply of fuel ? Tbo e&^w 
might eontinne to work, hat it woold no longer work officienUyi tbe 
maehinorf would no longer serve ite pnrpofie. And in like manner, tbi 
great maebinerr, wbieb is maintained by solar action on th* earlbi 
would no longer sobaerre iu porpose — or if the Toeahnlary of ieleolofj 
mast be eecbewcd, this great macfaineiy would no longer do wbal it is ae> 
Inally doing, it would no longer moiotaio active life npon tbe Mjlh. If 
lifis still continued it would be slogfpsh, littia more, in bet, than S:na^ 

And if tho failure of Ibo solar supply at Ihifl present lime would lead 
lo sBcb a result, how much more complettily fatal to the enatAQco of aD 
snoh life as we now see npon tbe earth, would have been a d ol kl o a t ian vt 
Bolar light and beat daring tbe long-past agos when so many fonu of 
force were stored np. To take one sacb form alone, and to consider ft 
only as it nBecis the reqntremonts of onr own conntry — " tho ' dapodls of 
dynamical efficiency ' Uiid op in onr coal Btntn are simplyt" as Tyodall 
t«Ua na, " tbe soii'a rays in a potential form. We dig from oar pii^ 

* Befon lb« Budoa hail lugge*^ '^^ to Bui)hni(»i« lo wbon It la maumMit 



oonnalljr a boodred millioa tons of eoal, the mechanioal a^aiTalont of 
wbieb is of almoet bboloas rastneBS. The ctnabnEtioo of ■ Bio^ pound 
of coal in one tninata is eqnai to the work of throe hondrad botSM for the 
mne timo. It would rAqoird one hundred and oight millions of horaei 
working daj sod ni^ wiUi unimpairsd etrength for a jear to p«rfona so 
unonnt of work eqniTsIeDi to tho anergy which tha Son of the CsrbonileroaB 
Epoch mvoetfid in one year's produeo of our eoal-pits. 

If Man then not oolj receives day by day a moob smaller supply of 
lighl and b«at ihaxt om- earth, bnt has t»cn sisiiUrly oireoiUBtaneed dnring 
all those past ages which supply the ffuts stadiod by gool^^ts, what 
opinion most wo fona as to his present fitness to bo tho abode t^ orealnres 
like those i^eh exist apon onr earth ? It appears to ns thai there eaa 
be but one answer to this qoostion. Oat only doabt must depood on our 
aeceptanee of the opinioa on which the question is based. If iu any way 
the supply of heat has bom incrcumcd, or — ^which amoontg to tho some 
tlung — if a greater portion of tho direct sapplyhas been stored op, then, 
and then only con we regard Mars as a suitable abode for Uriog creatores 
tike tbose on the earth. For we may dismiss the sapposition that tho 
inberdot heat of Mora's ^be Is such as to compensate for a deficiency in 
the supply of solar h?at. So fiix is this firom being at all probablo, thai 
on the contrary an additional diffienlty is introduced by the eonaidcratioa 
that in all reasonable likelihood Iihrs must have parted with a very much 
greater proportion of hia inherent beat than our earth. His globe is very 
much Hmatlcr than that of the earth, and the total quantity of maUer con- 
tained in it is litUe more than one-ninlii of tbe matter contained in the 
earth's globe. Now, it is knonn that of ttro bodies equally beoted, the 
smaller eoola more rapidly than tho larger. And certainly we baTo no 
reason to beliore that at any epoch Uars was hotter than the earth at the 
some epoch. We shontd infer, indeed, that Mors was always mnch tha 
leaa beatod body. For aeeording to tho most generally reeoiTod explana- 
tion of tho original istonso heat of tho planets, soch heat had its origin 
in the roth of matter drawn in by the attraotire might of the aggregation 
which was, so to speak, the embiyon of the planet. Thus the smallet 
planets, which must necessarily hsTO had loss attroctlro energy than the 
larger, wonld impact a IvM velocity to tlie inrustiiog o^atWr, and Uiere* 
forc would be less intensely heated. On all accounts it would follow 
that Usis is, at tbo present time, a macb colder body than the 

Oar sole resonreet therofore, if we are to adopt tbo theory that tho 
climate of Man resembles that of tho earth, ia to assnmo that there is some 
pecuHarily in his atmosphere by which it is onablud to retain a larger pro- 
portion of the beat received from the son thou happens in the case of 
onr own atmosphwt. If wo are farther to assume that tho eonsUtoUon 
of the atcQOSphete reeemblcs that of our air — and uo other assomption is 
compatible with the belief that enuttnrcs such as we are familiar with can 
exist in Mars— we must assume that tbo Martian atmosphere tft much more 


dense than our owiu We need not euler licre into the eoosidemtiooe ob 
whivii thia infereDce in based. Let it enffiee to remarlt that then a i 
steady decrease of wumth iriUi elevation in all porta of th« eaxUu tUi 
deereaee being unqaeetionably doe to the giMter tentiity of the ur m bj^ 
xegioofl. And il is cert&in that if the densi^ of tbe air wore in aaf ¥i; 
inereeeed, there voiild be a correepoudiog iocreuo of warmth. 

Bnt wlicii we apply this conniderfttioo to the case of Mom "We ftad » 
diilicull; iu tbe dt.«proportioDate nmotnit of atmoapliQre which moit be 
auigned to this BtaaU planet. It seems a vei; Dstnral and pnUU* 
aesumptioD that every planet would have an atmosphere proportional ia 
qaautity to the qonotity of matter in the planet, Thnit since Iha osaai of 
Mora is Lnt about one ninth of the eoi-th'a masS) ve sliould iafor thai lui 
atmoepbere amounted io qoRutity to but one-ninth part of Lho earth'a il- 
moephere. Of coarse ve could not lay any Btresa on BOoh an aaBinaflifla: 
bnt it tnnst be regarded an more probable, on a pri'jri grocmda. than b? 
other. Thia would leave Mtini with Tunob less air over eoeh Bqnar* nib 
of bifl gnrface than there la orer each sqaaro milo of the earth's mrfiut^ 
for the GuHJico of Murs ie much f^atei than a ninth port of tbo Miib'i; 
h is, io fact, between a third aud a foorth of the earth's sar&«e. Bit 
thia ia not all ; not only (on tho nssnmptioti we ore dealing -mtb) voald 
there be mach loBS air over each mile of the sorface of Mars, hot thu 
smaller quantity of air wonid be much losii Btrongly attracted towards th» 
snrfaeo of the planet. For. owing to hie small balk and the canq«nt)«* 
lightness of the materials of whieb be is oonBtrnotcd, Hare exerts less IhM 
two-fiflha of tho attmetivo force which onr earth exerts. A mass wUdi* 
on ooreaith, would weigh a pound, would on Mars weigh Uttte more thtf 
six oonces; and the atmospherio proeenre would be corresponding^ 
redneed, eron Ihongb Mors bod as mnch air aboTS each sqnare mile el 
his sarfaco s« there is above each square mile of tbo earth's. This qoati- 
tit; of air would be twice as mneh as we shonld infer from the mast ef 
liars, and we should require jive tiroes ns mnoh nir only Io hmre as 
atmosphere as dense as our own at the sea level. An atmoei^iece ahosl 
twice Bfl dense an this would perhaps give a climate as mild, on thi 
average, as tlint of our earth. But it seeroa rather a daring assmnptiim 
to assign to Mars au atmosphere exceeding Un times in quantity vhst 
we should infer from the planet's mass. 

It euems, on the whole, Bafor to abandon tho theory that Uors is a 
saitable abode for such creatures as exist on the earth ; and to try to 
eiplftin observed appearances unhampered by a theory which alter oU ii 
not in itself a probable OQO. For indeed we can employ in a rory efliMiin 
way against this Uicor}' a mode of aigumcnt which is commonly urged ia 
its favour. It is reasoned that since the earth, the only planet we know, 
is inhabited, tberofDre probably tbo other pknets ore so. Knt w« ban 
vnuji that, Ro Imt as the cvtilcuce goes, all the other planetti, suve Man 
aUiro, ore probably not inhnlitcd by beings anch as those wbieb exifl 
open V'O earth. Thorefoie, oren on it priori graundti, it ia mors likely 




F Ihftt More t8 similarly cirtamslnncod ; auec there are eix ptiueta in bTotir 

[ «f this utrerencD, aod only oii«, uur «arlli, against it. 

lo resuming tho ioqoiiy, with the theorjr of Man's habiiAbility aban- 

^doQcd fortfao nonce, we tami recall tho facts Thieh have becti demoD' 
nspMtiDg Mars, only wa xtaj now view Uwm b a new light We 
or thai he has polar snow-eaps ; hnt we arc no longer bonntl to 
regard these snow-ooreral regions as in any aeaae resdmbUog oar arctic 
regions. Again, the aeaa and oMans of Han may he permanently frozen 
thronghoat the greater part of their depth. Tho wat«r-Tapoar which is 
oertaiuly present in his atmosphere may be rallied only by the midday 
sun, to be precipitated in early erening. Winds and currenta may 
ei|TialIy well prevail in a raro as la a daoaa almospbere. Tho whits 
mosecs which have been compared to clooda, and whose diusipation has 
been held to imply the downfall of rain on Mara, may not be rain-clouds, 
bnt iaiow.clond8 ; or wboro there is no downfall, they may bo not cnmolns- 
elouds, bat eirros-elouds, — that is, not sach cloads as oxo raised iii oar 
donso air near the seA^levol by the son 'a warmth, hot ancb light flaaey 
olooda as ars suspended high ahore the lofli<>f)t mountain summits. 

Ik appears to as, indeed, that if we make any change at all in oni 
views about Mars, we mnst make a great change. If we soppose the 
Uarltao air moderately dooap, comparable in density at any rate with oar 
own air, then since we know that coosiderable quantities of aqueous 
Tapour are raised into that air, wo seem compelled to eonclode that thero 
wootd be a precipitation of mow (under the eiroumstaoees already eoa- 
■idored) which should keep the surface of Mars as permanently snow. 
eorerod as oar mooQtain-boigbta aboro tho Enow-lino. As this is not the 
eafie, for Mara is not a white planet, wo muit assomo so great a rarity of 
the Martini atmosphere that SDflicit:nt water-vnponr can never be raised 
into that air to produeo n permanent snow-cnTolope by precipitation. 
This riow (on which we vball prescnUy touch ogoin) of course accords 
well with the d priori opinion respecting the Martian atmosphere referred 
to aboTe. And therefore it seems to us mamfcstly the most probable and 
satisfactory coarse to assume that the Martiao atmosphere bears about 
the same relation to oars in quaolity which the m&gs of Mars bears to 
that of the earth. On this assumption it is easily shown thnt the atmo- 
spheric pressure on Mars corresponds to about four and a half inches of 
the mercurial barometer. Wc may take Jira inches as a fur probable 
estimate of the height of Martian barometric tabes, scppoeing there ore 
any reasoning crcntarcis ou Uurs who baro made the same discOTery as 
oar terrestrial TorriccUi. 

At this stage it may be interesting (o ioquire whether the mere tcnaity 
of the Martiao air, on oar aesumplioD, woald be a fatal objeeUon to the 
theory that cteotorM like men can live on tho planet. Could any man, 
for instance, eiisi for any length of time in an aimosphoro corrcKponding 
in pressure to only foar or fire inches of the common barometer? or 
eotild any race of men, aflcr a gradual process of acolimatisAtion, become 


enabled not merely to Uto 'm sach on Btmosphera bat to Uirive i^< 
to ondergD ordinary laboun, to trnvol withoot beicg A&nly MhwMteJ 
it nMd wero, to dAfond thomaelvcB ftgninst ibeir enemies or fratam 
natorftl danj^irs 7 

XbQ experltneni luu oever yet bMD tri«d. Nor is H ««J7 to M 
[k MiUd bo. At-ronnats hoTO reached a height whers the ataaai 
prMsoro has baen reduced to below raven incbee of tha eomsHn 
meter; bal io attaiouifi tbia bAigbt tb«7 vero expoaed to otb«r i 
than thou diu to the mero lonnit]* of the atmospfaore. Wo raftrhi 
the Hlabntod asecat by OoxwcU aad Qloisker, oa July 17. 180^ 
tho esormona eleratioD of 07.000 fis«t was attaiiwd, or nearly t«m 
flbcFTo the Humuitt of iho lodiciit monntain of tba earth. Bat, aU 
UiQ fiircQmiitaoc«B of aucli an aecent do not altogotb«r oo r respood to I 
depending solely on ntmoBphorie rarity, H is pTofaablo that tha 
romorkabla effi3ets result from this catiaa, and tbenfoni it will ba in 
considor what happeaod to tho aiirooauts in tbia joaniey. '• Prvria 
the Btait," says Flammarion, in a vork edited by &tr. <Ha| 
*' Glaisher'a pnlso stood at 7G beats a minnte ; Mr. Caxvt^'a il 
At 17,000 foot, tho pnlso of tho former was at &1 ; oftha lotUr at 
At 19,000 feet, Gtaiehor'a bands and lips were qnito bine, bqi M 
heo," At this height the atmospberio preflsure waa redneed la I 
onc-balf the pressore at the sea-level ; b other words, the [ihhhiim 
responded to aboot fonrtecn and a half inches of tho mcreniial tiarM 
Atter pasEiiig beyond Ibis height, distressing symptoms iron Mtperi 
by both fti^ronauts. " At 21,000 feet, Cilaisber heard bis haait hm 
and his breathing was becoming oppressed; at 29,000 feet, fa« ba 
aenselees, and only retoroed to himself when the balloon hod eoa&e i 
again to tba same lorel. At 87,000 feet, Coxwell coald no loD^ar a 
hands, and was obliged to pull the string of the toIto vHh hfai ImO 
few miaat«s later ho would baro swooood away, and probably loot lui 
The temperature of the air was at this time twelvo degrc«s bdi 
This certainly does not sn^est that life on Iho corib would b« p: 
the air were redocod in qoantity to tbot above the level 
Coxwell and Gkisber ou this occasion. But the baromalar 
nearly seven inches high when they b«gan to descend, at vi 
Glaisher was nearly two miles above his fitinting level, whilo 
all bat powerless. And then it is to b« remomberttd, as F 
r«mvlu, thai in batloon ascents '* the explorer remains 
pending UttJe ornoQuof bis strength, and he can thorafore 
elevftlioQ before fiseltng the distnrbanco wbioh bringa to a haU st < 
knm level the traveller who osconds by the solo strength of hia mn 
Uu fteop sides of a mountain." ^Miat would be the statfl of n tm 
hatiii|{ to ex«rt himself in an atmosphere reJaeed to Gve'SevDntba 
density of tho air in which CoxwoU was jnst able to save his own 
Glaiaber's,— literally <' by tho aldn of his teeth ? " 

Ta itkov the ttStti of active exertion in bcreosinn the 





rosnlts of groat fttmospbprifl tcnnity, yro may qnole iha eiperieDeo of 
Do SaDBBoro, in his ueoDt of Moot BUoo, ooUng hoverer tbnt recent 
AJpioA trav«llar8 seem to have been more &Toared, while the gaideg 
Tranld nppeAr bo htTO heaome mote inured to the hardehipfl of high 
plaeea than thej- were Is 1787. We learn that " at 13,000 feet, upon the 
Pfltil-Phiteaa, vbere he passed the night, the hardy gnides. to whom the 
lirerioas morebing was abaolute child's play, bod only removed five or m 
spudes-fnU of enow tn order to pit«h tlie lent, whoo they were obliged Ut 
give b and take a rest, while aereral fctt ao indisposed that they were 
oompullod to lie upon the snow to prevent themsclvca from rainttDg. 
The next day," iays De tianstnre, " in moonttng the last ridge n-bieh 
leads to the flnmrnitr I was obli|;ed to halt for breath at every fifteen or 
Bixtaen paces, gOQer&IIy retnaining nprigbt and leaning on my stock ; bnt 
OD more than one occaeiou I bad to lie down, as I felt an abeolalo need 
of repose. If I attempted to enrmonnt the feeling, my legs refosed to 
perform their fnnctions ; I had an initiatory feeling of faintncsa, and was 
dazzled io a way quite independent of the action of the light, for the 
double crape over my faea entirety ahettered the eye*. . . . The only 
thing which relroshcd mu and augmented my streogth wae the fresh 
wind from the north. When, in moonting, I had (his in my face, and 
ooold swallow it down io golpe, I eoold take twenty.fiva or twenty-nix 
paeefl without stopping." 

It most not be overlooked, however, that some of the effects thus »• 
perienced appear to bo dne to the presence of impore air. For expert- 
moots mndo by De Saoasore abawod that air near the enrfaee of snow con- 
taisg less oxygen than the mu-roiindiDg ajr ; and fionssiogiult points oat 
respeetbg "certain hollowBandGncloeedTaUoytof the higher part of Mont 
BluiD — in tb« Corridor, for instance— that people generally feel so 
onweU when traveraisg it that the guides long thought this part of the 
motnttwa impregDated with some roepbitio exhalation. Thus even now, 
whKMTM the weather permits, people asoend by the ISnufs ridge, whore 
a porar air prevontn the physiological disturbances from being so intense.*' 

There are, indeed, parts of the earth where at an elevation nearly na 
great iw that at which De Saossure experienced sacb nnplMsant oQbota, 
Qie iuliat>ibuits of eonsiderftble oittoa enjoy health and strei^tb. As 
Boaastnganlt well remarks, " When nno has seen the aelirt^ wfaioh goes 
on in towns like Bogota, Micuipampa, Potosi, ko., which have n height 
of from 8,500 feet to 13,000 feet ; when one has witnessed the strength 
and af^ty of the totroadora in a bull flgbt at Quito (U.fiil feet) ; when 
one baa seen young and delicnte women dance for the whole night long in 
loeatities almost as tof^ as Mont Blano ; when one remembers that a 
celebrated eombat, that of Piobineba, took place at n height ha grent ns 
that of Monto Boea (15,000 feet), it will be ndmitUd that man can 
beeoma habituated to the rarefied air of the bij^best mountains." These 
places are, bowovcr, tropical, and it is nmaifest that cold plays an im- 
poriaat part in producing the unpleasant eeasations which are oxporicueed 




of wmiii(«*4«fi««gvirti,ndaaMr pboicaiaaiMti 
ftfili, it Anrfi MiM, wifli Hu ido rfitocMe cold. N'«j»aifiabi 
■<mlw«illlMl 111 fti ynamtm i4 wi tnil wiitj iwifif lln ■iliwi rfl 
**CDMiloot," ■■yljpJ'flt "wIlBoiproiMeglMaew. Toanwjr, 
MUtmI Mrfh-Mit -viDdi ben in Loadao thniag^t the win 
• iia«l»Mc»af oww. GoU ntut !»*• Ifca itttng dfjeel to 
•Ad Ikli oti^Mt — lb* Afuotu npoor of tbe air — is Ae direct 
faMfc," It is ■»!<■«. 1km, tbart Uw saa ncrii ooob^ he«( cm 
nfaw lb* nyoar ot ml«r l&to tbe plaaet'f EtacMpbMe (u indeed ap« 
HopiA tiuljiiitt bu Uught til), ftcd it is also dear that tbia T^cnir ■ 
bt eaanytd is acmu waj lo lb« MArtial arctic ic^unB, ibeie lo baj 
dpHakid in Ui« fonn of ioow. And Uwo tbU difficult a mirada 
Antordibg to oar i^cu tbA vhole earfftce of Mars ia abore tba snowll 
uty Tt^oa cfu oar tBrtb wbaro so great a degnw of eold preT»U«d wa 
ffniiibii I'jr no ([rotl an BtaioflpbeTie tontuty would be far ftbon Ibo a 
Ua* nan it tb« oqnator. Uow Ib it Iben tbat tbe enov ever inella, 
minlltltijf doM ibcA wa eoa hco lb<t mddjr Bur&ea of tbe plaiiet 7 

An ntiilauatioo, firat iiaggeiitcM]. wo beli«ve» in Sir. Matttcn 
logialoai book onJled 7Vic /''uW n^ tha Sua, remorei tkii 
Vlw ininr aettuUljr rulluiti oa Man utuit ba itniU io qaantjt; 
|ii>i>iMiiii till! huu'd bent M not cotnpolont to nunc up uny grant qm 
WNliir vni'iiiir. Tboro caiiiiDl, then, bo injtbiug like tlie mmmolaiio 
■nuw wbiob itatbun iu rotfloui abovo our snow-line ; bat instead ot 
ib4iM tuuvt vsikt over tbo nuflwo of Man oxcop*. nvar tbe polos ■ 
waUnii of enow, or ratb«r Ibora will bo orditiaritf a raete oo*Ua] 
bail ttmi. Mow tbo pun ot Alan, tbougb potrerlois lo raise great «p 
llU«i u( va|iour Uiln iliu v''""'^'' tuuQous almospboro, ic p«zfeol(j e 
patmt lo moll and vnptmiru this thin coating of snow or boar fitML 
dlrooi biMt iif Uii' fltin, ■billing Ibrungb ao tlun in ilmoipbare, mna 
•ottildvfabU wliurvtvr tbe tou ti nt a soQicicnt oUvation ; ud of mm 
tka vac; tuiiuiVfr of lb« ait nnden Taiwrtsaiion w noch Uw 







the boiling point {kdA eooseqoeoUj all temporstaras of eTftporation at 

ghnen ntee) would be eoiroKpoadiogly lowered.* Accordingly, daring Uie 

giMftter port of the Hfortiui day, thd hoar firost and wfaal«T6r light mow 

might tiaro &Uoq on the preeeding orening wonld be compUitcly diwolved 

away, and Unu th« ruddy earth or the greenish ioe-maasea of the so-called 

oeeana would be teroaled to tho terrestrial obMirr«r. We may pietnre 

the rcfiolt hj conceiving one of those Martian globes which Captain Bask 

^^tt recently caused Messrs. Malby to make from Mr. Proctor's charts, to 

^^^Mnt eoatod with thin hoar frost, and then held before a fire just long 

^•Bongh to molt tho hoar frost on the part of the globo neareet to the fire, 

I leaving the fcatorM of the rest of the globe concealed from view under 

■ their snow-white veil. 

H Those who haTefieeoMarB imdergood teloseopie "power" wiUatonee 
B recognise the exaet agreement between this hypothetical process and the 
~ actual appearance of the planet. All rotUMl the bonier of tlie disc there is 
^ a white light eomplotelj concealing all the CeotimB of the Martian continents 

■ and oceans. Of this peenUarity no aalislaetaiy oxpIonaUoo has hitherto 
~ been adranoed. Sir. Proctor, bileed, has shown how the peonliarity would 

present itself if the Martian atmosphors were loaded with roonded clouds 

(reitembllDg our sammer woolpack clouds ; bat it is a little difficult to believe 
that all over Marti such eloods as these are prevalent. Moreover, it is to 
be noticed that these woolpack elonda ore morning and forenoon phe- 
nomena on our earth ; towanls noon they either vanish or beeoiae modified 
' in shape, and as evening approaches the clouds ordinarily assnme a totally 

■ diAerent aspeotf bebg extended in long flat ahcote, the iiratta cloud of the 
I meleoroIogiBt. Even when roaoded clouds are present in the evening sky, 
I Ihcy are not tbe separate small white clonds absolutely essential, as it 
I appears to os, for the theory advanoed by Mr. Proctor ; but the great heavy 
P cloud is seen 

That riSM upwmnl mIwimj* bighcr, 
i^ And onward drags a JatH^urin]; tircMt, 

■ And lof^In raend Uic drear; went 
^^_^ A lixnniiig tiutien fringed with fire. 

^^KAooording to the views hern snggested we have as the principal feature 

■ of Martian meteorology the melting of the coating of hoar frost [or of light 
r mow, perhaps) from the mddy soil of the planet and from the frozen 

Rorfaee of his ucoauB in the forenoon, and the precipitation of fresh sdov 
or hoar frost wheD evening is approaching. ^Diroughoat the day tbe air 

* Aaicrnctt ether duiulranU^^ prcMslcd by lian, teganlcd m an abwle for 
bcJngx !%• outhUw, is llie ctminiBtancv tkot if Ut otmosplwra ha id proportioD to 
hilt nan, u we hatv lusojiwd, it mxift Im) impoa«lilo to boil food iinipcrl; on Uie 
rnddj pluiel. For wmi«T woold boil nt n tonperatiiR) ■bout nren^ degnea below 
oar t'oUin^ point, to that it wonld iMreljr be iit-aUd vuongfa to parboil. A enp of good 
UM 1* on inpoMibllity io Mars, and eqnallj- out of tlic qoeadon is a wdl-boiled potato. 
It doea not make nattan more pleauot that tho tn-pUnt nod the potato an* tmpos- 
aiUe, of (bamaelvc*, oa Man, and iliat Ibenfove the powIbQity of boUing them may 
bo rcgardctl as a teeondary cotulderalion. 



renuuBfl tolerably dear, bd ^ u can be judged fh>m the UtleooopM ur*|l 
of Uie planet, thoogb there is DotUiog to {trereDt the oecasionAl I'mrmJi- 
tioD of light cuTTu or Bnow-eloads, especially in tho Iiarcnoon< Wub^iin^ 
in iact. that the pheoomeoB nhioh hare orauncuily be«o rag^rded u ioi 
to the precipitation of rain from true mmbos cloodA over MmrtiAQ ocoti 
aod eonttnentii mOHt bo ascribed to tbo di&aijwtioii af turrus doaii ^ 
Bolar h(»t. 

Bat we most not Ml into the mistake of snppoamg that Imxwom Ai 
Martian atmoepbere ia at so tow ■ prcaauro thai Sluxiian benatbv 
(toercoiial) probably atond at only foar or Hve indies, the atxauaphai W, 
therefore, exceedingly shallow. Eren on our torth an atmosplMM fH* 
dating thia amouut of prcesore vould eitead Duuiy milea oboie the «^ 
level, for u a nuttUnr of fact tre know that at the height of eight or b» 
miles, only, the atmospheric pressnrti is thas rudueed, aad eveu thebvt 
aataBBtee Ruign to the atmosphoro a height of fi^ milea, or romghly torn 
tatty milflfl aboTo the height whore the pressure oomeponda to five indit 
of the commoD barometer. Bat in the caM of Mam the atano^bini 
preasare dimiuiahes machmore slowly with altitude than on our owBCiilk 
We have only to climb to a height of thrae-and-A'holf miloa to find lb 
preaaare reduced to one-half (no matter what the height we start from); M 
seven miles it ia rcdnced to ono-fonrth ; and bo od. Bat owing to lb 
relatively small attraction of gravity in Mara a height of nine milaa sial 
he nttutncd from liU huu-Iuvl! hefiTO the atmoefdierie prtBaOTO U redaoed to 
ouo-half, and a height of eightecu miles before it is ndtus«d to ona-iuoA 
and so on. And instead of forty milei! (whidi, aa we havo aeeo* is fti 
lowest estimate of oor air's height above the lovel where iin pruaaiwil 
like that of the Martian air), we find a height of fiilly Heventy-fire miles ■ 
the minimom. Wo may £urly assama that tbo Martian atmosphaia tt' 
tends to a height of at least lUO miles from the planet's smrfooa. 

In audi an atmosphere there is ample soopo for air-eurrentat and ll ■ 
probaUe that owing to the tenoity of the air the winds in Mars wdoU 
have a high velocity. Tbey woald uot necessarily be violeut windi; 
since the force of wind depends on the qnanti^ of air whidi is in matla 
qoito as moeh as on the vdoeity. So that we need not enlortafai lb 
theory which was advanced some years since in the SpcfUttor, that tntf 
; in Mara mnst be small in codsoqoence of the great violence of Uartaa 
'liarricanes by which all lofty trees would bo destroyed- Even at a roladty 
of a hundred miles per hoar, Martian winds wooldbe less desiniotirD Qmb 
gales on earth blowing at the moderate rate of twenty milaa per boA 
Bat on a globe so small oa that of Mars, compared at ieasl wrjth lb 
earth's, swift air-ctirrenta would bo very effective in earr}'ing off from tb 
eentral heated regions the mtusturo- laden air. In this way probably lb 
pobr snowB of the planet are recruited. The polar regions must, ta lui 
■ the part of veritable ooDdensers, if the eircolation of the Uartiaa it* 
'moaplwrfi ia oa brisk oa it may well be believed to bu. There most m tbi 
eaao be a continud gathering of fresh snows at the poles, and a oontisa) 



downward moUoa of the gUclcrs Uuu fonned, aocompwiied DecoBS&rily by 
a Torj aetiTfi bbnudoi ud erodoQ of the pUndt'a polar rogioiiB. It Booms 
by so meusa improbabla, morooTor, that ts Mr. Hftttien Willianu opanM, 
there may be fiuai time to time gnmt calutrophee in tboeo polar r^ons, 
prodoeed by th« toppling over or tba rapid downwud sliding of gruLt 
fllaci&l missee. For many conraderalioQS soggoat tliAt tbsro most bo an 
ootiTity in tho process of taow-gatheriog at tho Martian polos altogether 
-nnlike any^bing known on our earth. It is notowortbyalao that aceordiog 
to raliablo obsemtionfl ohanges hars taken plue in tbo aspoet of tho 
Uarlion soowcaps which imply eatastrophea afiectiog ica-matMa of 
enormons dimeaaiona. AsanredlyDODe of tho ehaagea taka^ ^ooa in oar 
own polar ragioiis eoold be diseeraed at so great a diatanca aa separateB oa 
irom Mars, aaro only the gradaal increase and diminatioo oi the extent of 
the Nio«-coT«niig m winter or Bomnwr is in ptogress. An ioe-mus aa 
large as Bpitsborgen or Kova Zembla wonld not be aepamtoly dlBooiiiiblo 
from 10 great a diBlaoeo, and thenlbto the complete destniction of each 
a maaB by eolliaion or dovmfikll voold ba quito imperoeptible at that 
diatanoB, tfaongh it woold bo an mconoerrably atnpuuUnu terreBbiat 
eatutroi^. Bnt masses of Martian ice, ^uito readily dtseemiblo with 
good teleacopea, bave been fonnd to disappear in a few hours, snggeatiag 
tbs most startling conoeptions as to the offoets which most have been pro- 
dooed on tbe compemliTely small planet where tbeeo remarkable eTonta 
have taken plaee. 

Tbe bOowing obaorraiion, for instance, made by tbo late Piofeaaor 
Mitchel with tho fine refractor of tbo Cinoinnati Obsenratoiy, iodioatea the 
oeetureoee of an event which must have been aooompaoied by no incon- 
oeiTable nproar, — 

A wTKck 
As tbongh tlie bu*eu and «aitfa ironld mioft'^- 


'* I mU record/' ha says, " a stngnlar pbcnomeDon eoiHweted with tha 
anow-sono, which, so fiu as I know, has not bean notirad elsewhere. On 
the night of Joly 12, 1815, tho bri^t polar spot presented an appeanuuw 
noTor oxhibilcd at any preeediag or sneeeedlng obssmtion. In the very 
eontro of tbo white sorfoce was n darft tpot, which retained Us position 
danng several boars, and wu diBtinctly seen by two friends who passed 
the night with me in the obserratory. It wsa much darker, and better 
defined than any spot previously or sabeeqoently obeervcd here; and 
indeed after an examinatioa of more than eighty drawings, I fiD<l no notice 
of a dark spot erer having been seen in the bright snow-zone. On the 
/oUoviiui m-«niny no tracs of a dark tpot vat to bt tun, and it has never 
efoM &MM m»Mt." Does not this obeervation sn^eat that a great mass 
of lee had afipped away, leaving an intervening dark apace, which in a 
few honrs was mowed over, the gap remaining thereafter invisible 7 Ko 
other explanation, indeed, seems possible. Bnt how tromondoaa a eata- 
filrophe to be discermble from a station some forty mllliona of miles away I 


Ortmliog eren thst Mitcbel uaed a poirar of 1,300 (which wa Sni pm 
in LnnRMV Practical Astronomy u the luglicet power of the Ctndni 
teloMopa), Mars vu still viewed w from a distance of 40,000 milai nft 
Uie naked «y«. Let ftnj otM i^ hu obsorred tho aspect of an i^ 
region, aa smd with tlio naked c;e from a diitanBo of forty milM {te 
region b«ii^kD0WD, so Uuit he could eetimate tba d«gr«ebjrwbkbdiiUi« 
r^dafiod aveii the moat impocing moontun faatorcs) oonaidar whmt ndi 
be the eflbct of remoring tha point of view to a disianee odb fbooail 
times greater. Not merely would a moantaiii-raiige, bat a whola CDVitn. 
be iDTtaibLe at saeh a distaneo. Bat add to theee eoamdoratlans th« &(! c« 
the moat stupendooa monntoiQ oataalrophoB are reduced apjiareDtlj to attff 
iDaignificaDco at a distauca of a few Diilaf, and are altogether nndiaeeniUr 
at A distonoo of thirtj or forty miloB, and ira Bfaall bo abla to iiuilcnlarf 
iboDgb wo romain utterly ojiiLblc to oonceire, the. Tastneea of tba <^ 
Btropbe on Uara, the offoots of which could be discerned rrben Timnd m\f 
the oakad eye from a distuice of 40,000 miles. Od« woald uaaginattii 
the very fraino <^ tho Bmall planet most have been shaken. 

It does not appear to us altogether unlikely that the varying bmobM 
which nutionomeis havo given respecting the polar llattoiuiig of Mm 
nay find their true oxplanation in tho theory we have been eoo^4an| 
It 10 certainly remarkable that eminent astronomers, like Sir W. HomU 
Arago, Dawas, Beasel, Hind, Ikfain, and others, ahonld have arnnJ >> 
the most conflioUog results oo an observational matter of anch jiti^ 
■impUoity. Wo hBv« Talaes of the comprsanoo rar^-ing from Sir Wa 
Horschol'a, who made the polar diameter of the planet a full sixtMBthiM 
than the equatorial diameter, to Dbwsb'b result, that the planet ia not Irik 
tenod at all. Nay, some observations have even suggested that thapte' 
b elongated at the poles. If great cbangca of elevation take plaoe at A* 
poles of Mars, owing to the rapid proeesB of accumulation of the K«tiM 
anowB, those diacropancies would bo aeooontod for. 

Bnt whateTor opinion vo form on details of this sort, it appoW 
tolerably clear that m all its leading featnree the planot Mors is quite la- 
like tha earth, aud on&t to be the abode of creatures reaombUng Ikflsi 
vbicb inhabit our world. Neither animal nor Togetable forms of lifeknon 
to ns oould exist on Mars. To the creatures vhich tliriTc in our arrtu 
refpons or near the summits of lofty mountains, the tonid zooe of SEm 
would be altogether too bleak and dismal for existence to bo pMsAk 
IhsiSt Oar hardiest forms of Tegetablo lifo would not live a aittgto hear 
If they eould be transplanted to Mors. Life, animal aa well ai HiUj^aMl 
there may indeed bo on the mddy pl&oct. Iteaaoning ereatttm ntf 
eust than as on the earth. But all the conditions of life in Mar*, aO 
that tends to the comfort and well being of Martian creatures, most diAt 
10 remarkably from what is known on earth, that to reaaomng "bmofi 
on Man the idea of lifii on our oarUi must appear wild and fanoiCol is lbs 
atceme, if not altogotbvr untenable. 


Itftra's goxinnt. 

BOOK in. 



Tbi OaiTIO. 

HATEVER might be ths 
incapfccitj of MdUe. 
LeeuQska'i pockets to 
oontaia her fatoro 
woalUi, Harold Tfto^ 
baa's were amply larga 
enoogb to ooatain hii 
presflDt pOTortf. The 
bcggu girl and tho 
doctor bftd bo far 
changed plaeea thftt 
N .-'^11 what aha waa promiMtd 
for BiogiDg a soDg six 
times a woek he would 
havo ecosidered a 
BonorooH raward for 
the parchass of his 
brain for a year. Tie 
l| ' tj \ ^' v^ >A BTioh an oxrep- 
tiODally nnlnrky posi- 
UoD thai ho bad not a (nond io all London to whom be coatd apply for advieo 
of the cbonpeM kind. If ho biul Joyntetl his stadent dars to billiards in* 
atoad of his profomton he would hiirc bet^n bultor off: ho could think of a 
doE«n moa who bud wadted their aeason of utady aod were now reaping 
feas for lltur pnini, ns comfortAl>Iy nfi i( they had nover Bown a wild oat 
in thoir Una. If he bad citlUrabd bts body inBt«Dil of hia brain, he woold 
haro b*pn at no Ions ; be could bare rotomed into the ranks art! foand 
health and content in bowing wood and diawing water. It ia all voty 
well to Bay that Uio world ia wido and ttml ovorybody con find something 
ido : thf titi'ory would bo perfect if ovOTyboJy conM live opon air till 

Bornnlhitii* is fntitii], 
Btill, thatigb Itifldid not imim mnch worth keeping, somathiDg bad to bo 




done to IcMp it The Clandia epiBodo had crashed out all thtk b«| 
ever posseHsed of cliifiUeit^ : uabltioD had not time Co take ihn 
love, aod be felt aabamed of liimsalf, as though oeonpied In 
nnntterably mean, in hsTing to giva Lis whole onergies and to it 
whole povere to tho took ol how ha slioold cootrivo simplj not to i 
in solitude. The more he UioU)jbl ovur tho malttir, the lees bai 
himself ibr his misforttmoa, and tha noro, I fear, ha tried to 
blame from his oirn shonldcra to beis. He did not qtiJto 
he wished to piesenre hia self-respect in Uie teeth of obasoe, audi 
tbonght he bad to blame BcaaeiboAy, bo wa« compoDot] to blame ber^ 
passed in review every possible manaer in which he could vaete faiii 
the best adrimtsge) from being a law-statioaer's copying clerk up to i 
ing in the line. To wail for Lord Lisbam's roeoTcry, eTen if it 
prove hot a matter of days, wonld rcqairo too long a fiuii eiw 
Bedouin vbo dined on dates, or for a hermit who broke fast on : 
aikd he wu tired himself of depending on tho random pafcrot 
poen. A Bleerage passage to Aostralia, saggested by his ban«aj 
ment to tho Esmeralda, would bo too dear to a man who oouldl 
half a cTxnm. Of coarse b» read every word of Tlu Timt»* mirw 
and formd nothing that wonld not require delay. At loat ha 
out with walking and Uiiukiug. bat did not return to his lodging : 
prevented his sleepbg In a bed that he cooJd not pay for. He 
atrcets, and thought on. 

At about four in tho morning he passed a eoflee-BiaU, wi 
tbongbl be might as well dine cheaply. It was Dot far from CoToat < 
While ctyoying bis cap of brown water and slice of bread eTen 
be bad oqjt^ed Lord Lisbum's obamptgno, be felt a slap 
abonlden, and, colouring wiiii shame at his oecnpation, Inmed rot 
saw Carol. 

" Been making a night of If. oh ? " asked the latter. " That's i 
I generftlly make a street breakfiiet myself. One sees life and 
nature and all that sort of thing. There's notluDg like morning %u : 
take it late as I can't get it early. Jast look round, and don't teQ niel 
a Htreet in Venice like the ULrond. In this Ibo ftr«t time yoa'ra 
ing at a eoflso-etoll ? I'll join you, and we'll stand bread and 
ronnd^wo'll feed the unfeathercd sparrow. Ihere — help yonrBdi 
round," he said tdumphanUj to the doctor's half-doKeu ragged 
panions : " bread and batter for eror^body. and nothing to pay, 
does it all eome to 7 Have you got any nbangn about you, Vaughan ? 
the poorest nuui going, you know, and the most ronfistiL-nt : I oevet I 
aay change about me. Here, man, you're not helping youTBetr: fgiyt 
we pay for nil. Pray, may I oak yon, my dear sir, if you always 
that ? rtecatue 1 flattered myself that I knew of a tmiqtie 

The man, who bad covered up the tower part of his huie with a 
eomfortor and bail already ed^^d away to the farthest comer of the i 
suddenly laid down bis oup and walked quiekJy away. 



" TfaAt'sPolitfiQessI " saidCftroI. " Kerer mind : there's more for Ui« 
net of ;oa. I Sit;. Vaagban, just hand me your epflra coppois : I'll pay 
JOQ next time." 

It vas on unfortmiftle meeting, for by Ibe time ttie eoffee-mereluutt'a 

ck vna exhanated in the exerciBa of a cbarity for which Carol managed 

|to get the credit, Ilarold Vanghau'H intcnddJ cheap dinner had reached the 

limit of bis mcAna. There was nothing left but to fill his empty poclcetd 

-with his pride, for the want of something more Euhstanlial. 

" Voa are ou the press 7 " be naked of the man whom he was dt(po§ed 
to espeeialty dislike and deapiee. 

" 1 DO the prosH I You nean the Prega is on Mo. Voa might as well 
«ay AtUtf, or what's his name, was on Uie worU." 

" Then yon might happen to know of things — sitaationfl I mean — that 
a man coold 511 who, like me, can read and write and has some modieal 

and seiontifie knowledge -" 

" Sitnations ? Hondreds— thoosand^— uiUions. Mik* and hundred* 
weif^ts oftiiem. What do yon want ? Aconsnlship — an lupactorBhip— 
from police to laetoriee^— " 

" I'm not so ambitions. I only want something to do that isn't 
oioeUy picking oakum or braaking stones." 

" I see. By Jore—jnat the raiy thing. Como with me— Brandon's 
off daty ROW, and I know where to find him." 
" Brandon— who's bo ? " 

" Didn't yon meet him at the Oberon 7 He's just made editor of the 
I Trumpet : I got it for him. They wanted me, bat I like to Work behind 
Bcenoe and pnll tho strings. He'll pay yon like a prince and woric 
in like a slare." 

" On a newspaper 9 I've never written in my life— and u for news- 
papers, I seareely even look at The riniM/' 

" So much the better. Brandon will do the giammar and spoiling — 
[that's what he's paid for. Between yon and I, Ihal'a what l>«'s fil for. 

[He's written books, bnt they newr sold Sir. Brandon in? Just 

sing? All right : yoa needn't annoiince me Brandon, I think 

^oti know my old friend Vaagban ? Well, lie's jiitit Ibe mau for you ; 
[knows ali abont everything and can wrilo like BjTon— better than yon, old 
fellow — splendid, by Jfore." 

" IfOQ want to join our new slafT, &fr. Voughan ? I'm very busy now, 
flo yon mast let mo get oTer the ground qnickly. What can yoo do ? Have 
iy<ra had czpcrieneo elsewhere ? " 

" MoDe whaterer. I'm only a man in want of a bad day's wage for a 
bnrd day's work. That's no reeommendatioo, I know. " 

" It's not wise to Mv eo, Ibou^. I've been in Ibo same boat myself, 

aadf now I'm oat of it, I ciDfosti it's no recommendation in my own eyes. 

[All the same, bonesty'e net sneb Tary bad poliey. Bat yoo have written, 

[Carol says ? I realty read eo Uttlo that it is nothing against an antbor's 

le for me to be ignorant of him." 

" Norer « word." 

" Joflt wLkt I wu Ufing," broka in Cirol. " You doa'i 
write fine En^isfa, yon know : ^ou want men who know nU alMMii 

" Cotiainly ommseidncfl wonld bo an «dvuttage. BqI wt 
special line 7 Bo long u yon'ro not a (ailnro in fiction Uko m] 
fftiltire in bctsi like oar friend Carol, 1 don't moeh mind wluL 

Reviewing— Financ* " 

" Certainly not Kinane«. In fact I am ashamed of l«tlli^ 
brought b«re to take up ^-oor time. I am a pbjBiaaat 
knowledge I can boast of is wb&t I picked np at Gny's." 

*' Yes — I forgot to say that," intomipted Carol. •■ Tho t* 
a pbysieian : a roan who Icbows man : science — eoronerB* 
lonacy — hospital scandals — rholem — sanitary reform — tho! 

By tho way, he knows all obont that " 

" So does everybody ; thanks to the Trumpit" 
" Thanks to mo." 

" YoSf a nice stoty yon told me, every word coDtradiclAdj 
liabam's own lawyer." 

" That's gratitodo I I appeal to Doctor Vaogban." 
''imio was not present," said Harold, qnieklyp "and in no 
the cose, besides." 

" Well — I like news, bnt I like discretion, too. By tho wuy,\ 
ever in practice 7 Yon won't mind my asking yon ? " 

The doctor saw well enough that ho was being treatAd ■■ a 
his old profession, and a norice in his now. Bnt bis wbolo 
for a place on the Trumpet seemod to him so utterly absurd, 
noi feel the least inclination to slur over his disadvantages. Ho 
Brandon wanted to be rid of him, and he was ashamed o( U 
be bronght thoro in the character of an impofltor." 

" Yes — for a short thne at St. BaTooa. Dot as then 

doctors than patients " 

"You're a St. pAvonB man?" exclaimed Brandon, with 
ohaogo i^f manner. " Yon know Qrayport, then, and Forloif^l 
that coon try ? " 

The mntaal intlaence of four or five people upon ono imoth«r l 
bat one fragment, even of thoir common story. A drama wit 
winds and indirect inflncnces from withont is false to life, 
be according to rale. I cannot, for the itako of dnunalto tmi^, 
fact that Sfanrice Brandon had a story of bia own, and that iJi fy i 
had an iadiroet infineneo npon ibo proepeeta of Harold Vaaghmn. 
few who are saffioontly fwraed in family aflhirs to know bow 
Manriea Brandon cams to man; Boae Oorbot of Gray|>ort 
Batoux— who cbnnco to know how ooe who bad in bis time krioi 
fu mora Mttcr titan UnTold VMugban, aod bad fouod UTa, and 




sympathy in "all that ooimtry " — there is do ueed to uy vby "St. 
Bavoas " w»a ft magic vord to him. For the muiy vho do not know 
^IhfiM things, I need only uy that iu naming St. Baroua, Harold Vangbao 

U^t«d upon an " open S«sttmo." 

"Well then," said the hosband of Bose Corbet of Orayporl, "I 
don't mind if I gifo you a trial. Only a trial, mjnd. Carol will say it'* 
for love of his bri^t ejos — bflUare ii or not, as you plesao. Bring me 
Bometbing to-morrow. Do yoa Tindorstand pictures 7 Beeanae yon can 
go to an exhibition this aAornoon^ I don't want tochnicahtien — anybody 
can do that who'e been in town a season. I've got lots of tlint article. 
What I vont is a man vith no friends to puff up, and no friends' enemies 
to blow down — to say what be likee and doesn't Uke, and to giro the great 
Briluh public a few plain reasons in soppoit of its own Tetdicts. I want 
yon to pat tho talk of the galleries into good grammar, that's all, and to 
steer clear of teeluucalilies and sympathies with porticnlar Hebools. Com- 
mon Eonse and common English, nothing less or more. Above all, no 
pedantry, and aay JQKt nrhftt yoa really think abont ovoryhody without 
the least fear of being wrong — the hambng's Carors department, and Ihe 
pedantry's my own. Bnt I hare no time to ex])lain : yon mnat catch my 
meaning, and I shall see tf you do. Yon don't know any painters ? " 


' ' Yoa don't know one school from another ? " 

" I don't even know what they are." 

•• Have yoa seen many pictnros ? Are yoa fond of them, as yonng 

The etrught line between Harold's eyebrows deepened. His recol- 
ins of pietnres and of St. Bavons were not ojalexir tie liott, hke 
■ I don't think I should bo wrong in saying I detest them." 

"Bravo I The very man for my ontside critic. Go — here's a pass 
for the season — and detest aa many as yon please. Scatter the dove- 
cotes, bat don't be a nnivoreal kite : when yon see anything yon think 
Tory good, don't stint your praise. Have no enemiee, and no friends. 
ilVben you've been long enough m the work to make frieeds in the profes- 
sion, perhaps I'll lot yoa loose on the mnsieal world, and so on, till >'on 
have no more worlds to coixjuer. Ton shall represent the nniversat 
ignorance of omniseiMiee. Carol already represents tho omniscience of 
nnivenu] igooranoe, and I bold the balance between tho two to save yoa 
both from being found out in your blnnders. I won't ask yon to do your 
very best this time, hui please to do as well as yoa can ; and we'll talk 
bnsiness to-moirov." 

" 'I'bere — what do you Lhink of that ? " naked Carol, as they left the 
office. " Ah, there 'd lots of money flying al»oul the world only waiting for 
people to open their mouths wide eooogh to ask for come. I sec yon're 
one of them thnl think yna cui't plnv tho fiddle boeaoBe yon never tried. 
That's &tl hambug. Only stand u]i nnd Qooriah yuor fiddlestick boldl^i^ 

VOL. x(vm. — KO. 103. ^ 


ZELDA'fl FOBTinra. 

out! all the deaf poople vill tiunh Fagtmoi oottuDg to you. Ad«3 Mvn 
yon and I, it's Uie de&f people Uiitt paj to hear. I explained all Qutlt 
Bronilon long ago. Bloviog one's oim trampet'e no good — itoa!r«!i 
ot^er people trying to ont-blow yoa. Ncp — floonsh yonr SS3\r^.ei, wJ 
always toolc as if yon vere jnKt going to begin." 

'* I daresay yon 're right — Ibongh I can't uy I adnuro lb» ukct- 
Bat suppose one baan't even a fiddlestiel: to flomish f " 

*■ Then take a eart-whip, and fionriab with that — That's CrilieioD.' 

"That seems io be tbo very tiling I bare to do, ftceordiag to VJ 
boHtraotions. But may 1 tuik — I bare been thinliiTig eror aiooe I nri ja 
to-day — to vbat possible cause I can owe tfao good oflicoa of lo obb^ 
a stranger '/ Of eonreo, I am infinitely obliged, bat stfll 

"Ab, you're thinltiDg of noUiing for ootbiug? Homo 
ahftium — yon know whnt 1 mean. By Jove, I saw you were tt> 
man for on art eriUo tbe moment I set oycs on yoa. Tm Bovvr wi 
nerer nude a mistake in epottiuga man since I was bom. Didn't! 
ont Brandon ? Didn't I bring ont tbo Leczinska. vfao'U bo «t the tof i 
the tree before this week's ont ? And do yon tbink I did it bees 
eared for tbem? Not I. I do things because I cbooso, mndEke le 
behind and pall tbe vires. I'to made a man a bishop before now: ffl 
worth while to be my friend, I can tell yon. Yoa miTtt't think it, M 
lliero isn't a man going who'd be exactly what be is if it mm't tot Dm 
Carol. And they all know it, too. And yet I'm the poorest nu « 
Enropo — yes, I, Denis Carol, who coold be a mUlionairo axij day if Ite 
fancy seized me. Bat I don't please: I bate money : I shouldn'l b* Ul 

the man I am if I wasn't poor. A pipe, a ernsl, and a garret tb^t 

Forlane. You think it's the rich that rolo tbe world ; Dot they : jt'i U 
men wiUi nothing to lose. I wouldn't cross the road tci pick » ki 
pomids a week, nor twenty. By the way, old fellow, now yoa'ro o« b 
'J'nimju't you eon do eometbing for a fiiend of nuno~~that Leexingka fi- 
She isn't a bad sort." 

*' I don't know what sort she may bo, bat an yoa know, fih« 'a > 
JHend of mine. ^Vho is she — I mean off the stage 7 " 

" Oh, the dearest girl In the world— A hnndroda weak, on mv mrtii 
honour. They thonght no end of her in VToisuw. Yoa']i ^ve bar t 
lift, won't you ? " 

*' I reaDy don't see how," 

*' Kcver mind how — that's my affair." 

"Well," Ihoagbt Haruld Vaoghau, as be Itiraed into th« gnUciy, "I 
mppOBe I mnstn't quarrel with my broad and bnUcr. But is my wfai^ tt 
to eonsisi of nothing but chances 7 No sooner do I umko iit< n,\ taiirlt' 
follow Diedicine at St. Bavons tbao 1 find tD>*«eLf voltuitof!' 
NorUi P'de ; no SDiiopr do ] make np luy utind to go to Um iwrw i» 

(ban I lind myself made Art Critie to o newspaper in London (be nV 

last thing on earth for which I'm fitted. But it's uo good «pcetiUtin| mif 
«e. X will give fai to destiny, and think myself lucky Utal 



at any rato iletennmed that I shall not stiuTo. Aa Sir Carol — oo, I 
votx't even spdcolatA about him. Aad if I wake to-morrow aud Hai mj- 
self a milUoQairo or a murderor — llic two leaei possible tliinga I can think 
ot—l will be Borpriaod at oothiag. 2Io — not if I boMuno Claodia'a 

Thns bfi josted with hmscU bitt«ilj aa at tho bail of l>Iind/ald dostiay, 
and then plunged, into tUo mazvs of his catalogno. The painter of No. L 
vroold haTo felt flattered if he conld havo loeD how long tho critic stood 
Lteforo it in appanat coatemplatJOD of ila merila. Bat I doabt if whtn 
tha critio pasMd on bo No. XL ho had any defiuito idea as to whether it 
had lepruentod a eabboge or a cow. 


Tux Cl'htaix. 

OitB day Dp and anotli«r day down ; that had been Zolda'fl ozperience of 
tho rolling world from the day aho was bom. To barter her bracdleta for 
a crufit of broad on Xboisday and to tide in hor own carnage on Friday 
was a pleasant contrast, bat not at all strange. If the poople of England 
had Boddcnly oome roand her and crowned her tbeir qnoeo, aho would 
have accepted her election aa port of an oniDlelligtble -bat parfeetjy 
natorol conrse ot events : as not a whit more wonderful than being paid 
in poonda instead of ponce for unging a song. It is only readers of 
history and Inogntphy apeido down that are o^'or astonished at tbo wildosl 
prusks of Fortune. MoreoTer, it is said that poople nerer feel astopiahed 
I in droama, and tho Ufa of Zelda, if not literally a dream, was voiy like 


And yet, when do we liro more intensely than when we dream ? , It ia 
anion;* the rieions of fUep, not among thoaa of waliing, Ihnt wo grow 
old and white-haired. There are people who ncrer dream, happily or 
unhappily for them, and such people DOT«r grow old. After all, tho body 
. olaims at least half oar caro and Ihoogbt when our oyoa are open : when 
osx eyes are abnl, it claims nothing. In aleep, rago, Ioto, dospair, 
terror, shame, remorae, all the tumnltooas host of the pasaona, take 
prisoDcr (he angtinrded soul. It is in a single ni{jht that men's hairs 
bare grown white aoddeoly : never in a nngte day. Then we hsTo no 
ahield of common sense to keep off ghosts, no Mendly shelter wherein to 
hide from Ihcm. Our lovere and friends are lor from Qs, thongh by onr 
aides : we are alone in chaos. If any one will qnestion himself honestly, 
be will find that no aetoal onotion has everoqoalled in intensity the night 
fiuuiefl which ho langha at when bo wakes and mostly forgets by the end 
of break fast- Ume. 

It ia aometbing of this sort that I wished to suggest liy piling apna 
^Ida's aboalderB the burden not of one but of throe lives. Of coarse 1 


ZEU>i.-B roBT(7n. 

bwv Uiftt ererybod; hu at least Uitm liTes, if nol nine : hui tha a 
most easen the lives are all so inextrieaU; ftts«d mnd jumbled logiftt 
thai to saj which is whieli ia wetlni^ {mpoaeible. Bot hen mi « 
dMnel as tbosa of thiM pemws. In the fint place — firatlj, Uen* 
most obnoatly— slu was Udllc. Pftnlioo Leexinska. She, that iaiomj, 
Udlle. Paaline, was a bondlo of whimi and eapriets, that n«T«r sbfit al 
nerer dreamed. It was sba thst ate and dranlc, rolled aboat is ke 
carria^, lasgbod a great deal, and eiuD}^ Ufa after a &ahion. h «■ 
lAie who hod risen to hor new cimunstanoea like a sk/roeket, or fatta 
like ft eapUro balloon that baa broken itd cords. Flnallj', it was iWi ti 
Bylm and not Zelda, to whom Lord Liabom introdaoed biauelf lor ifa 
Bceond time. 

Ter; diffsreBt vu tbo panorama whieh opanod it«elf befm Ion \t 
the momiz^ shadows of midnight brawls and dmnkes miadiief in MA 
Harold Vaugfaan had made his second acquaintance with Zelda. Bi 
Eairlj woke np one moroiug to find bims^ 'Ting io * stxmoge roan; fti 
noBse was awAT, and, in spito of his weakness, thero s«em«d notkti^l* 
him io do but to proceed on a vojage of diseoTCir — he warn not obb b 
throw npou memor>' any work that coold be done wilh hie ayesL B* 
managed to dresa, bat to opoti the folding door was to htm to opea U« 
Boon the gato that leads to health from sickness. Hs bad aeafeeljrjri 
foil the iloor, and bis head was fhll of the anwholeaomo atmonluRif 
the back bed-room in which he had bo loi^ been imprisoned, sotbilfla 
mddeo change of light, air, and odour made his bnuo rod for an inriMk 
tnd his foot an&bto to adrance farther than Utc hack of the Doansl Am. 
He had boon strong onoogh to escape from the narse's kingdoni, bat m 
not fet strong enough to bear the atmosphere of an; othor. Tbs tut 
stogo of conToloseonee, like iho first struggle ont of a &intixig-ilt, tg il^ 
a pain worse than the disease. All sorts of forniless asaodfttJocM ■! 
KCoUeeiiona crowd themsolves into h moment upon a braia tnsqaUi 
of coping with bAlf of them. He to whom the open bob brevxM M 
been daily food, suddenly lelt himBolf ready to swoon at the da&tik 
frngmuee of a few noaegaTS, and at the feeble radiance of a London s^ 

Ho made no attempt, &n«r Ilarolil Vaughan's fashion, to take ta d 
the dolails of the new scene, and to bring them into unity with a nxJft 
glance of tlic eye. As soon as the momentary giddiaeM was over, he mf 
oontont to lot his ai^t nut apon the varions nneonneeted detntls wtt a 
a sort of langnid and passive effoTt, which was half pleasoM aad hlf 
pain. Tlic room was sltlt in a state of litter, bnt the Iitt«r was no k^ 
angracefnl. Wine-stains and Uood-stoins, and eren dast^alaini, k< 
boon long igo cleared away. Tho mark of Aaron's knifo in 0«lte 
inaro was not faled to bo so indehlilo as that of Uimo'c bntehen ii 
■lyrood. l^voiything made up a pieturo of ntill-lira that would I»m 
driven a tidy boneawire wild, bnt would have done a painter's heart gosl 
to look upon, for Uw sake of itJi brilliant contnmta and briUioot eoloiO- 
AU Uw (oniiturg had indeed the unpicturosqno fault of boing hrtoi i 




fitcm eorniee to threshold ; but its hoM and materiala wm dttbad in vhb 
a gablime contempt for the eoDrentioDal proprietiaa of honsB deoorotioD in 
ail their fomu. Hw ladj of th« bo«rer, whosrer sbs nu(^ be, had no 
more wrnple abont oSnidiog agunst all reeogmaod kva of eoloor, as tb«j 
are ondentood bj civilvwd people, Ihao Nature berMlf bis tn painting 
aanfieiB aod bnmintog-birdB. TbiiB vcre do half hoes and tinta that an 
adiamcil uf bt-ing downright coloiin ; eTeiything vaa nncKmipromiaiDgljr 
rod. green, wbito, tqUow, or bias. It was all aa if a child or a aavsge 
had bMD pxea earu hlatich^ at A" attran^ant nphoteterer's. A amt of 
baxbario bol healthy vigoor had takan the place of tasto ; and the rasoit. 
althoD^ bixam, bad aocordingl; a harmony of ita own. ETerjihiog 
that eoold b« bright wag brilliant ; ererything that might be of gt^ waa 
gilded ao aa to look like gold : even the tablecloths were of amber Tolret, 
and the aereena of peacocks' feathers. A thicktarkejeaip«t, ofgorgaou 
pattern, vaa the plainest pi6M of fnnutnro tn the room, wlucb monant 
ires remarkable for being frowded wiU) wholly nmrsnwwry ihiagH. Thai 
thero were at least six clocks, all gcnng, and all going wrong : there wa? 
YGDotian glass enoogh to stock a shop with ; inkstsnda without pens or 
ink ; work-baskets without worit ; a dozen writiDg-desks ; bolf-a-dozen 
mirrors ; and any oomber of Tases, many of them be^>ed op with mAm- 
Uins of fresh and bded bonqnets, not ranged with any symmolxy, hot 
apparently allowed to walk about and ose the tables and choirs according 
to thatr own whim or pleasure. The general arrangemmt of all ibs 
vildenua of toys was eqoally nngolar. The largest table was thmit 
into a eomer, as if of no use hat to serre as the coach of a large whito 
cat, while its proper place was occupied by a grand ptono, rJaJ n g oat of a 
tallowy sea of ragged mosio that threatened lo orerwfaslm it in timou 
There were no books and no pictores: under one of tbe aide-open 
vindowa was heaped op a pile of sofa enebioBa ; in the other, a gay- 
coloored foreign bird was pluming himself and chattering to the eptirows 
cf tbo sqnarft, and a mosical-boi was amusing the wbitd cat with " Tht, 
Du Utyit mir tiH Binm." 

It was odd to bear tho poor little German waltz tone playiag all dose 
to a white cat in the sonshioe : bat evan that s«emed to be somehow in 
keeping. Lord Lisbnm lot himself sink into the choir, and aQowed him- 
self to feel aa though at h>ast one foot of his had strayed into Oiiry- 
land. Tbe scent of tbe ionamerable bootiaets began to steal into his 
blood, and to intoxicate bis enfeebled Dsrtes, so that ha even began to 
forget that he badly needed bodily food. He was being snifeitod 
with a feast such as people eat in dreams. Golden Sqnaro is tunrer 
noisy, so that though the windows were open, none of tbo coarser 
sounds of London made tlivlr way in: the air carried with it no 
more than the £ai&test hnmming from the Burroanding hive of human 
bees and drones. Presently Lord lisbura's eyes began to gee throng 
tbe lids instead of between them : the smell of the flowers began to 
Boond like a disiaot ohona of waves and voices, and the waltz tone to 


kelda's jobtttnb. 

Inm into it &int p^rfozrid. I tm not bota thftt faa did not fuier hioiHlf it 
board the Erntradia, boand witb a cargo of eats aad peacocks for llie Nnft 
Polo. In a word, be began to dozo, and finally vmt off into tha olnat 
bcalthiest, and most droamlMS 8l««p that ho bad kiiown smee Iw wui 


\?heD be KToko, it waa wttb a ttart : b« Boemod to have diY>p|i«d dHD 
from far off Bklca, and come with force to the ground. He Colt num wmi 
than' in tha morning, and yet corioaBl; re&»bod. His ejras oftad 
wilhoni au eflbrl, and the Grst thing tb6,r noUc«d wai tririal ttiongh Bi 
Mt viu gono. Possibly, bowerer, it had hut ehangod its ahapa ; isr thi 
BMOod thing that bis eyes noticed was the preMtncoof a eompaiuoa btti 
nook of dniamlaDd. It waa a woman, of coarse ; but that waa aS ht 
ooold tell, for though she vna dreased Ibr indoors, her face was dMdj 
ooTored \>y a bhtek lace veil. The maacal-hox was stUl playing tha ■■ 
tone over and otot again, and as hiH ele«p had boon droamleaa it-atwd' 
to bim Lhikt tlio Lranaformation of tho whito oaL had been aecompliahed fe 
fthoat tho Bpaco of a demi-aemt-qaaver. 

Hia &rsb impiilae was to start to hia f«)«t ; and he followed it w <ai- 
denly ag his wtj»knes9 allowed. She noticed the moTomoDit, and tsnNi 
bat neither rose nor raised her yeU. 

Lord Lisbam bad far too modost an opinion of himsolf to be sbr. tal 
on this occasion he certainly felt his tongue tied — ^portly, perhi^ia^ fara 
not having naed it bo long. Bni if there was one tbiDg on whkk W 
piqned himself, it was apun btiiDg at home in all niaaner of atrnfi 
adTcntnres, and aa this vaa abont tho strangOBt in vhieb be bad «nr 
found himsolf, ho felt that his rule in Ufo obliged him to bo more than ttt 
master of the sitnatiuu. 

*■ I am enro I bog yonr pardon with all my heart, UadomoiaBQat'b 
began, for tho sake of saying BomoUiiDg. " The fact is, I emn aamlj 
ten yon oxacUy how I camo here : I am anre I don't know for otftaa 
wbaro I am. Is it really tmo that I hava been your guost for I d«1 
know how long without luiowing it? I only wish I could Uuuk of BOtB* 
fray to tell you bow avrfuUy ashamed I am of myiclf. Sorely thia b td 
tho room where that row happened after ftnppor ? Yoti most really 1^ 
giro mo, for to toll yoo tho truth I am not sore whether I'm on my h**' 
or my baeU." 

Tba girl sat BtUl for a moment, and thon, with a sort of nnmlng 1m^ 
threw baraolf down on her kneea before bim and kisaed lus hand thnn^ 
bar Toil. 

" Tboro," aho said, aa she atood np again and draw horsoIT la^ Mil 
to hnvo a good look at him : " Kow I'm belter. So yon w«n> not lo A 
after all." 

" Not this time, thank Qod. And I mmit thank you too. Bow ialkt 
world con 1 thank you 7 " 

"Thank mc? ^Vhy?" 

'*How canyoa ask why? navon't I boon taming the whole ptaaaUi 


ft hoepitaJt and made mjBelf a Dmsancu to yoa tot vetHa ? Mj oulj 
axooM it Uut I mfidfi sore they'd lakeo me back to the botel. Mj whole 
mind seems like a bliul!. Haro ;oa really been taking cars of me tJ] 
Uiu whib ? " 

*' Not at all I haToi'l. I vantad to badly, bat fitst tbey woolda't J«t 

no, and Uum " 

HiB bux M a little ; be would bavo LQced to think that be bod been 
naraed likA a woondcd knight-titraiit bj the kdy in vbose eaoM be bad 
done baltlo. 

" Well," be said, " yon hare been hoetera all the lame. Bat vho were 
' th«y f I don't teem to remember anybody. Wna it Vanghon f " 

fibe shrugged her Bhouldera almost np to her oars. *' Xu — not bOj" 
she answered. " I think I frightened him off." 

"Who vas it then? I don't snppoEO that old voman came ontof 

" I'm Bora I don't know what they Trera. There was tk« doetatr Ibey 
oalled Sir Oodfrey, and my Lady PonroM wag Mndiag after yoa er^ry day 
vith broth and jeUioe; yon couldn't cat tbemi bat thoy wero very good ; 
the naree didn't like them, so she osod to give them to me." 

" By Jovo," he thoogbt to himiclf, " I Caooied a romance, and the 
heroino of it was only eating ap broth and jellies. The little glotton 1 
And how coolly she owns it loo. I shall begin to think she is the cat in 
good earaost. Bat has tbo cat bad no time to chaogo ber face n? veil as 
ber shape, that she keeps her Toil down ? And Vnnghan — what can hare 
ba|rpemed to him ? — I'm tore you were qoite welcome, Mademoioello. So 
Lady Fenroee baa been doing the maternal, as nsnal — anybody else 7 " 

" I don't know — I never oscd to see them, and nobody was let in to 

'*Thcn Vanghan may have called iAerr all. Cot do yon know that 
yoa could really do something for me — bettor than all the nursing in the 

" What is it ? I should bo so glad. It was so bad for mo that I 
eonldn't do nnythiiig." 

"Fm afniid you'll tlunk it abominably common-plueo," 

" Common-plaeo ? VThftt's that ? " 

*■ WoQ, to tell yoa the tratb, it means something thai oortainly has 
vory little to do with jon." 

" What is it, then ? What do yoa want me to do t " 

" Jotd to get me a orast of bread and cheese. I'm simply D&mia^pd 
— and if yoa eoald ask for a gli|SB of beer beadafl— " 

" In a moment. Bnt I'll ^to yon Gometbiiig better than broad and 
ohoese." And she ran at once to one of her sidoboards. 

" Kot ehieken-broth or jelly, I hope ? ' ' 

'• No — soma real ehick^, I always eat podtry, thoogh somehow it 
isn't half as dee aa when I osed to catch tbom." 

" MademoiseQd Mema to be a jftformetu," he thought, not noticing 



her laal piMO of sutobiography. " All Uia l»eU«r, nnder preial 

" And wb*t wilt j-oD drink ?— Fm afraid I htTen't Buy braiid; t Ui 
joa cmn auuiAg« vitb MoB«Ila — " 

" ]VUDage with it f Wbv. do joa think rm an oge% to aSa 
ta*Ddy at Ihia time of daj 7 " 

" r thoBgbt men alwajTB liked bnutdj twet. Tha w fT tw r a't Ot 
and there's the MoscUo." She plae«d the food^ witfaoat b dotb, n 
impracticable sort of work-table, ptUled a knife oat of a eard nekMl 
fork from a porcelain jar. 

" Tm Bore yoa will let mo thank jon now — if yoo did not tail 
Btck, yoo aro cortoioly feeding the hmtgiy. Shall I give roa tOBW wait 

" No ; I oerer drink ftoythiltg hot water, and sonietimea eoflt*-" 

" W«U. she doesn't drink— that's a relief," he thongfat to htinseU, 
ho throv himself npon the fowl. Bat hia satisfiutioa with her 
WM of short duration. She took a good-sized cigarette oni of an 
bird-cage, lighted it, and puffed it qoietJy as she looked at 
althoogh she thus allowed him to see hi:r lips and chic, tha 
ooTsred her eyes. 

" I have surety strayed into the Arabian Nights." thooght Iha 
of Smbad. " I can seo the lady is not harolippod. and that is A 
Does Hhe iut«nd that veil to serre as a challenge or only to tcntiff bm * 
I'm sure sho can't want (o hido hor cj-es ; and if that is bo, I ssppaa 
she is only waiting to be asked to show thorn." 

He had banly tasted the wine, bat the few moathjhla of chiek«b%ri 
he bad been able to swallow had got into his head, as often happm b 
too eager conTalescents. As he seemed in for an adventure, ba loi^ ■* 
wall make the moat of it. 

" That eigarette of yoars looks rery nice," be snid. *■ Co yon mk 
tliem yonraetf ? I think I'll join you. Ho ; I won't bare any man «iw 
And now," h« added after & few moments of retaralng sleepineaib " ^'' 
going to ask you to do mo another &TOQr." 

" As much as you like." 

'* Will yon let me see if my hostess is realty Mademoisello 
or somo fiury princess ? " 

" You mean lake otf my Tell ? " 

" Please— unless yoa are a nun, which Tta sore you're 
Torkisb lady, which I don't think yoa aro." 

" No — I can't do Lhnl." 

" What — not grant me so easy a fiiToiir? Do ;oa never let ymt 
b« seen ? Is not that rather orael 7 " 

" Thoro are things that ought to be seen and things that ooght not b 
be seen. My eyes are ttungs that ongbt not to bo seen." 

"-Why, what a myi!t«rioas person yoa are, MademoiMtla I Arvyoa 
afraid of baming ma up witfa a flash of lightning f I am qutt ittaiv 
OQoagh to see a woman's lace, I assore yoo." 



" No— 70a bsTo seen Uum once too oflen. Yoa shiui't Bee tbem tgaia. 
There— that's enough of IbaU" 

" What— never ? Whv, the once that I saw tbem wua't half ODongfa. 
Come— just for one moment." 

" Kot for one." 

•' Bat '■ 

" Do 700 want to moke mo angiT 7 " 

" Yee— if that will mitlce 500 aoTeiJ. No, I ilon'i mean that," lie 
added, noticing real impatienoe in her tone. " But if you hi^ro any reaeoo 
(or hiding tout eyes eicopt that the; are too beuatifol " 

•• TheT are hatofoL" 

•' Uthatwhj?" 

" I won't take off m; reiJ — thal'a whj." 

" Bat do you nerer let people ue yonr eyaa — not even on the etoge ' " 

" Natct mind what t do on the stage. People mtist take their ehanee 
then, and I must toko mine." 

** Then it l» only from me that yoa wish to hide ? Then," he added, 
lo hinuMU^ " it is a challenge, after alL I had better pretend nok to care 
^I damay she'll let her mask drop bat anoogh thou." Ho wai joat at 
the age when men think thut they andenUnd all tb« tricks of women and 
that they are able to play at cat and moose with thorn. 

" Well then," he said with the air of a man who did not care three 
straws aboat (he matter, " I mnst BUppoee that I mast conBole myself 
wilh thinking myself in company with a kind-hearted finailisk. Anywiif 
you are first-cooun to Uie Sphinx: and I'm no hand at gnoesing riddlM : 
I g>Te it Dp." 

" I'm ghd of that — yon don't know how nnheppy you made me, tulk- 
iog in that way." 

" Lot'i talk of something else : though if yon nso your voice I dont 
axaetly aeo what is gained by your shutting your eyes. Tell am Sni about 
that fellow Aaron. Qafl he been eaagbt ? " 

" Not he I " 

" Haren't the police been after him ? " 

" Oh yes — they're after him. Bnt that's another thing I dun'i want 
to talk aboat. I're dnne with Aaron." 

" So hare I, I hope. By the way, wo were talking about Yonghan— 
Vn sent for him. Yoa and he haren't been (luarrelliog, have yoa ? " 

" Quarrelling? No. Bnfr— bat " 

" Bat what ? Don't yoa tike him ? I'm sorry for that, for he's the 
beet fullow in the world." 

**I know that. But — don't let ns talk ahontDr-Vnaghan." Her cigarette 
was out, and eho tossed it away Ehorply, without looking to see where it 

" I wnoder what she will talk about. Hang il, I must got hor lo say 
Bomelhiog. Well, I'll make another try before I'm reduced to the 
veather. Are yoa sliU sieging at the Oberon ? " 


z£LD&-a roBTtmt. 

"Don't talk to that way, plauo. I don't know abont hfllf vi£«, 
bnt I know that people tiaTO bem torn limb firom Umb." 

" What ; 50a rc&lly belwTO in diunoas ? I shall begin to tktak jn 
aro a witdi, and that is why jaa bido ytm eyei." 

" Oh I dtm't speak of my «yes." 

" How can 1 help it ? That's yonr bnit, not tninfl. 'WeD. Ulurn 
■croBB the King of the North ^Mnd^ I ehoU be prepared. Anynr. b 
eao't bo a toagher costomer than my friend Aaron.^' 

" I wish I conld tell yon vhat to do. I only know tksl it riSa 
Upon E dragon and wears a erown, bat ia aomala n aB Cka • diOd ; tai I 
yon can maka him like that, he'll do yoa moM good tban bnrt, aalti 
yon where to look for gold. His spirits arc like sDitkai^ and nabi 
Doisa like bulk." 

" Yon don't mean to iay you've seen him ?'* 

" Ko; but he's t>een eeen by them that know how to make bin tarn. 
I wish I knew." 

" I vnsh yon did, with all my heart — I'm mm I don't. Bnt are m 
really in earnest? " 

'M^jliat — don't yon know it's as true as the atan in Lha aky? 
yon believe only what yoa see ? " 

" As yon am bo serions, yea, I do. Bnt who on earlh erer 
yoa aU this aon»ensc— I moan aU these things 7 " 

"Of course yon can't know what I know; yonro aot — bal 
mind. Who taught me ? Why, who tan^t yon what yon beBere? 

" I would give anything to see yoor boa ; X would boliere ia lb 
King or the Korth Wind, dragon and all." 

" I am not wise myself ; but I hare Ured with them that u*. M 
at tM, so that I can see you well. 1 tbooght so ; yon are rnantug i^ 
fearfnl danger, nnlees yon aro warned." 

" Of course I am running into danger; I don't think I conld Ufi ill 
of it. Bat are yon a forlnno- toller ? " 

" I am nothing. Bnt it will be mod to go among the 4fla<»»rJ* 
who laugh at tliem, and witboat a wise man." 

" Is that oil ? Oh, then j-on may make yonrwlf easy : Fm goiH* 
take a rety wise man, indeed." 

She shook her head. " I doubt yoa know a wtsa man when yoa ■> 
one," she said gravely. 

" Thank yon for the oomplimimt. But I think I know oo»— I bm 
Harold Vaughon." 

" Harold Van^an ! " 

Shu started so suddenly, thai a sufpioion leaped tnto Lord liaimnt 

" YftB ; why not ? Don't you think him a wise man y ** 

" 1 don't think anything of him," she said with a toss nf head Hai 
ahnwt ibook her veil down. To bis own ostonUbment, ho felt as tbon^ 
00* ooraar of his heart had been tooeh«d by the tip of a cold finger. Dtt^ 

ZEioi'fl Fo&Tmns. 


U hi WM not the k«st in lore — bov slionld b« bo f — tha nupicion tb&t 
the ftnger-lip mi^t belong lo jealoasj wu too afaBiird to be raeogBised. 

"I'tn sorry yoa doo't like Yaogban, Uunigh. He nved mjUSe 
aoMf" ha wGDt <m, Acfeaiiag hu frieEni from an aUuk that hbd oerer 
bMn nutdo, "and is a Qnt-nlo feUov. He'll ouko a uma, and I'm 
prood to b«Te him. I wondet vfay be dooan't eome, thoagb ? Piri>«pi 
he was out— by Joto, do 70a know Trt been boring joq for tbrec wb<^ 
hoars ? I wiab jon'd give ma onotbar f^aaa of wine ; wbit a baby I feel. 
Kerer mir.d, I abaU be all right wbeo I'm oa board again. And now — 
win von do ono tlting for me before I go back to mj own room ? " 

" AurthiDg, if I can. Bat " 

" Plcue, DO bate." 

" I've been thiuklDg. 1 told 70Q thai I'm not wise, bol I know people 
that an." 

" Lueky girl that yon are 1 Well ? " 

" I don't know what yon're going to ask me. But if I do eomettung 
fbr yoot yoa most do something for ma." 

" Anything, and witbonl a bat." 

" VoQ pTomiso ? Yon swear it ? '* 

'* I giro yoa my word of boaom'." 

" Tou must vwear tt, or it won't do. Yoa say yon boliere in some- 
thing ; swear by all yoa balieTc." 

" If it will satisfy yoa — rery well, I swear it, u loog ea it is neither 
to bclicTc in Egin, or what«v«T bis name is, or to giTe op the North Pole, 
or to—" 

" No ; it's DoUuag yoa can t do. Yoa swear it ? " 

" Jaro." 

"Is Ihatyoar oath?" 

" 1 can't do more, except giro yon my word of honoor, and that I're 

" Attend to me, then. I can see soma things, bat not all : ud when 
it eomes to roling the great one*. I'm blind. Yoa may say whai yoa 
like; bat lliere's more in it than bears and icebergs, to keep brave men, 
an with diflereni stan, from finding their way. I know the stars ; bnt it 
wants stnmger than me to help the stars agiinst the evil onee." 


"Yoa 're attending? Now I know of me that knows everything. 
Wban I need to be with Aaron— ^ " 

"A pteaaant companion yon most bare fonnd him, t should think. 
Bct^— bofim yoa go on — I know so little aboat your profoaaon — bad yoa 
1>oen ain^ng with him before yoa came to England 7 " 

" For years. I don't know how to t«ll yoa what I want to say. Can 
yoa keep seorata— &om eToiybody, I mean ? " 

" I hope so, tboagh I don't like them." 

" Bat from eTeTybody~«Ten from yoor own right hand — even from 
Doctor Taagban?" 



"I shall be proud of yoitr oaa&Ameo, Uadomoisella." Hi* kaoi- 
ledge of woman-kind taflght him Uut to be told a a«era( froa *M 
anoiher aao ma to ht definlUdy coceloded was a Bp«ei»l token otCpBK 
And so, perhaps, it ma; bo, aa a mlo. Ho had not yel l«nied tkat ■ 
sneh matters exoepttoDti ootauniber rules bj a million to ooe. 

" I will tmst 7011. Vvo not alvsTB been Udlle. lJoezuid»— j hml 
alwayB boon n Pole." 

" I flee— jour etago name and y<mx stage cooBtxy." 

" I BUppOBO 80." 

•' la that put of the Mcret ? " 

" That ia the secret. — No; don't aak me (joestioag. Fm flhgk 
toll joa only what I please. Do 70a know a big town— & Umg ti^ d 
from hen P " 

" I know many big toims, ■ tot; long way off. Do joa bmu ■ 
England ? " 

" It's not over the f»a. Bat it stands on a ziw that nag bftna 
Tocka : the river mas into a greet rirer : there is a laiigo islituvh : ^M 
am big ships and saibra : there are women there who wear bflwff^ Eh 
that coal-box : there are trees in the middle — " 

" And you oaa't think of the name ? " 

*' I don't know the name. Bot yon mnat go thore^ or eloe jeBd." 

" Withoat knowing where ? There aro hnsdrods of noch bmft 
thongb X don't qolte andentaail aboat the bonnets." 

" Bnt yon baTo sworn to do it." 

" I know that— bnt can't you make my going a little mnrt ea?' 
Ton nay that it's not Acroaa the sea — how far ia it ? Which way ii H 
Do yOQ know any place near 7 " 
. ' ' Ko — there'e a place caUed the Old Point Hotel, and the Boyal Aztf.* 

*' Hare yon been there yoareelf 9 " 

" Yoa are not to ask me (luoslions. You aro to do what I tel jol* 

" And hftTing found a place with ships and pubhe-hotuee — f " 

" WhenoTcr Aaron was there he naod to go and see the Wife 1?ana 
He wonld nover lot me see hor — " 

** Then you httve been there ? IrVho in the world la Aaroa t " 

The GTcr ready anger came into ber voice. " Do you want ne b 
tell you lies 7 Every time I answor a qnoatiou it eholl be a He." 

** F<H^ive me, prey. 1 won't ask you another qoesUon." 

" Ho never let me see her : I think he waa eonehow afiraid. Bol 
heard of her fSrom others than him. Bho waa a great Jiani — « Qoaa.' 

** Do yon mean to say — a Qoeen of what? AQoeen of gipnaat" 

" I doe'L understand yon. She is a Queen. She is called JMj 
Uargaret : but yoa won't find her that way." 

" And what does she do t " 

" I toll yon what I have been told — whet is trne. Bbe 
coouDon. (she came from over the sea. 1 have hoard Aaron 
about H often with old people : he'd never lot me listen, bnt Vvp abali 


d U4 



Gave to b« uleap, and houA it all vitboot mj tyta. Shd wu tterei n 
iQd fika I bara bees, but euao u if £roiD the vfiir etan, ready-made. 
W lir«d with great p«Of>l«, cot liko as, tni wore riog» nad artin. It'i 
rial to think of, hot Iheyaaj* she'd killod a child for tha great denl. It's 
I woodsr she's got to he wise, and oho nerer laoghed aat cried. Kow 
It Utob oil a]oDe b; bcreolf in a big honse, and ualtea gold, and «hat- 
■vr flho aaji is tme." 

" Vfhj. she is s red witdi — and this is the ninoteenth cuntmy I Is it 
Mnble that there nro snch things still ? " 

" Bho knows how to role the great odbs: hov dto ahoold she make 
le ffM ? I could teU 70a all sorts of things I've bnni— onlj- it's not 
Lcky to talk about those thtngs. Yon most go to her." 

" I should fa« only too happj lo nnearth a lire witch. Are jon qmte 
m thai 70a ate not one as ttcU 7 " 

" Yoa moat 119k her everything." 

•• What— iiboni getting to the North Vda ? " 

" Yon hsTo sworn it. And wbaloror the tcUs you, yoo most do." 

<■ I donbl no moro whether 1 am on my head or my heels,'* Lord 
tishnm tfaooght. "I am most certainly not on my heels. What on 
artli does it alJ mean ? I am in London, and yet in a room that looks 
OK liko Dogdad. I am talking to the Toifod Uis, and hare swora to 
ait an onknown coontzj to ask a witch who 'soaificcs children to Iho 
ml how to get to the Xorth Pole in icpit« of the King of the Xorth 
'iod. No one wonld bolicre me if I plodgod them my booonr. And the 
orst of it is that I feel my wits giving away. Oh, if I conid only 
lanage five minutes alooe with the dumb-bells 1 Is it the effect of that 
Dnfbnndcd glass of MoboDo ? Or is it detlriom ? This is London, this 
I the ninoteoath ceuUuy, I am I, twelre times twelve ore a handled and 
brty.foor. No, I won't ^re in. Pon oerer walked in boot*— the 
ftBherman nerer oangfat the genii. If she would only lift np her veil I 
Lmlmad oris she? " 

jEIe forgot one thing in lug eaialogofr— ibe sweet soft voice that spoka 
B if its natoral langnage was an enchanted song. Not ereo (he wildest 
oosense eoold soond like itself when spoken in snch a tone. I have not 
elt on this theme, nor will I. Words deal with thoo^j^ : they are aa 
oi themselvos to denota tones as thoy are to dapifit haes. What 
to be said when a voice does not make people think bnt simply feel f 
omen's voiees ore for the most pari tike their handwriting — as convea- 
and as deT<nd of moaning or character, 'ilioy oil say the same 
, great or little, with the fame inflections and in the same tonea. 
Then a woman doM not speak from the ends of her teetfat but from the 
ihest, that is to h^ from the part whordn the heart lies, we reeeive Iho 
ame impreestoa aa when wo wclcomo handwriting from a wcoann's hand 
hw from loops and angles, from thin np-strokee and thick down. Bho 
Day not ba liidy-Qks, biA she is sore to bo a lady : she ts more likely to 
« gentle than ganteel. 


ztiDi'8 FofiTmn!. 


This, howdT6r, is to keep «U11 within the ljmit« of Uuntg^L Z«Ui'i 
voicA mnst be snggested hy n &bld, if mtxeij oat of roTfln^ far ill 
BTiggeated bo maoy. 

" I netver bear uij nmno." eomptaiaAd an envjoiu beAch>trw. 
htta the bircis : they worry me." Suddsnl; the BoA bra«ze want 
and bis owd leairae aad brancbvs do longsr rastlod and stirred. "C» 
gntefal irT«l«h that I am," ho oxeUimcd : " I oeTer tbonght I barl t 
noU. aod alt tba while I was ftwUng tbo gweeteat mucie in the wcdiL" 

That is vby Zelda'i Toice, nbila eha ta tpeakiog, moBt be left iku. 
U was not Iboogbt about, bat only board. 

'* TboD joa will go 7 " abe asked, aflar a pauo — r&thex in; 
eofkaideriog bia eonditioD of body. 

" YoQ bare bonod me to go. Only promiae in yoar torn 
wiU tcU uobody of my fool's — of my eirand ? " 

•' Whom Bbould I tell ? " 

" Bat I mnst find ont first where I am to go. And wh^e I am tkaa 
bow ia this Wise Woman, as yon call bar, to be fousd ? I BBppoH|H 
woold hardly adTiae my adrertJBiug io The Tima ! " 

" Lot m« see. Do yon know a place called XewmBrket, when 
bara racoa ? " 

•' I aboold think I did." 

" That 18 on the way." 

" W«U, Ihat'a Bometbing. Do you know the next towns f " 

'* Canterboiy— Ibat was one place after Lioeoln. And 
Lincoln ibero was — let mo see — Wincbeatcr : but I can't tell job 
between Wlnobeeter and Norwich, except Sbrewdiaiy. And it wa« a 
long way from Mom-ich." 

" Ratbor n roundaboot way from Newmarket lo Nonncb, lea'ti* 
Ton cso't help me mnob. that's clear." llore waa a gtcmigblfiir^ 
diffieolty to bo attacked — that pat him on bia mettle, In spile ef A> 
abaardi^ of Lbe whole afliur. II was almost as good as looking tat tt 
Pole itself. And then tbo qoest was impoaed by a Toico worth obtyw^ 
though no inflnenco was raiiwd from any eyes. 

"Here goes, tbon," he said, with his ratbor boylab langh. *'9* 
rente's no ose, bat I'll make sure of the duscripLion. Yoa baviu't a sesif 
of paper ? K'crer miod ; I darcaay I'ro got aomatbing io my p«M 
Ah, what's Ibis 7 That'll do— the card lo Lady Penrose's balL Ihili 
no nae now, thank forUine. Let me see— river — big ebarch^-«bi|»- 
minen with eoal-soattlee. Trees in tbo middle. Two inns — royal ana 
And now it's time for my farour. I want to bear you sing. Tra In* 
good, baveo't I?" 

" Yoa are too good. I lovo yoa. What shall I ungf ** 

" How can I tell you wtiat to sing ? What wus that yon sam '» 
Fyleitt's BraffUi — that song by Abner ? I nersr heard anything Htail 
and IVo betm eTorywhere. — I suppose." he thonght cunningly, 
mast take off bor vetl to sing," 



Bat she did 00 Baeb thmg. "WaB^ a barpdu'i a bargaio. The 
aong isn't Aboer's, nil the same — I know whiob yoa mean. BuH'ts been 
)f TTtfng maeh. bbtia tlungB label; — 1 otJy ling my old ponaftnaa to rayaelf 
lunr. Jost listen bow I can shake— Thora I " 

" Smva t Bat I'd a great deal roonar hear f oa Biog to /uoiveU^ if 
jK>n don't mind." 

"Lucas vuold scold ma fBarfoU; if lie knew — but I don't care &r him. 
And jei — N'd, don't ask me to sing that song now." 

" la Umt how joa think mjr promiMOOght to be kept ? " 

•■ The devil I Xo." 

He would have been still more beinldered coold he have seen 

b images that now historic song of hem raised ap before the prwut donna 

iho tnuslated into the Ungnage of her grand piano the Qourisbas o( 
Bob the Scraper. Ever ainca the ni^ of the dobut eha bad steadil}r re- 
fnsod to sintf those nnlaekj' words. But tbero was do help for it — Lord 
LiBham had Giirly booght it, and she had nothing to do bat b<i^. 

" If I, m m«ftn, wen Roy«l Qneen 
Of Bag;Un<l, Vnatx <» Sjmuo, 
Soeptn nod erofm, I'd throw them down, 
So I mif^bt uil the tuia " — 

"Sram I " again eriod the sailor carL 

" For a uUor Ud tny heart ha* had 
That uUs Dpon lli« wa. 
Ami mirk orglim, I'll nil with him 
If he wooU Mkil tritb mc." 

Lord Lisbom was too tnlvnt apon the foil oontmllo, Inller and richer 
hj lor than when Harold Vaogfaan had been stopped b; it on his path of 
lUe, to bear a knock at the door. " I shoold think bo voold sail with 
yon," ho said enthoBinsticall;, •• if that'a how you ask him." 

" If lie, tho last ^ara On mur. 

To whom my bean is troo. 
Were o'er them all ma^ iwlminil, 

And captain of the ci«w^ 
Thraii(h «Til OKtK, thioujh ila aoil kliam?, 

I'd ull (he aide wortd'* SM— 
Fall fool or ftar, t wooM not core, 

If lie wouM cnrv far bk.*." 

It was not withont reason that Lord Lisbaro had boasted of bis lore 
of danger. It was with good cansc, I hopo it is clear, that bo laid claim 
to the title of gentleman. But never in all hiti wanderings bitd he been in 
greater danger than now of what people would consider a breach of the 
maxim that nobUne aUige. It is true that he was en&ebled b; iUnesSt 
and hj the strange exmtement of the last few hoars — that, as he bad 
owned to himself, he was, morally apoaldog, not atanding upright on his 
boels. The few now tiring who may have hoard the voieo of Mdllo. 
Leezinska will partly gaess what I mean, bat even tbey did not folly know 
tho voice of Zelda. Not even Harold Vaughon or the boors of St. BaTooa 



had hoaxi HaX : ii vas rescrvod for Lord I Jsbam to hear the finl4di 
of tbo gnftiiig of Kci opqa tuitoro. Bbo was erea snrpriaed wt lundl t 
tbo raddan beat whioli «Miiied to haw ooma out of it and throo^ il vUr 
the nukg. Lord Usbam was aa £ar ont of her mind &• if he hadbaai 
fbo flcah at the North Polo. Bat if ba vaa nothing lo bor aa her «pi 
fimcies chased «aeb other uucottsdoualy throogb vmrj nook Btid conartf 
bar mind'a mazCt thia foroign aotnu, irbo ntoked uid Bwon a&d hiA 
dored him with hor ei^eaa and utz&vagandaa, was e™^ii>UT bagbHi 
to oxereiao a atrauge faacioation OT«r bim. Tb« veiled hue, the n^ 
and ponetratiiig voice, more mnsicol OTen io speeeh th&n in song, Hitm 
hatStlk aarroandiDga, the wild idws, the sympatby she had ahawa vH 
bia omx life and aims, aod which be naturally extended to htnaolC^ 
toiol^ did not tend to drive the remains of fayar from hi* vam* 1W 
words '* I love yon," tboogfa be was not so vain as to tnko them ElmQ^ 
bad narertheleas not fallen on barren ground. lie felt aa if the nB|U 
acted like an elixir, to make him well and strong — as if there nughltWt 
worse fate in the world than to take her at her song's word tor the ))■■ 
of tbo Etmrraldii, throngb fgol nnd Enir, mirk and glim. 

InstinctiTclj, he felt that he mnst do something to make tba Sn 
of the enebantfrd chamber raise her veil. 

" If be wottld care fcr xk," 

waa etill in hia ears and tarning into lomeUung more than molodjr i^ 
the knock that he had not heard at the street door was repeated n Hi 
door of the room. Ue started, and did not notiea that Zelda* «te 
fingers still lingered od the keys, started more than he. 

'<Conio in I "ebe cried; and started once more to eeo that her eUio^f 
had called Harold Vaoghan to bar side again. The eotneidaoea ■> 
nainral enongh, bnt no coioeidenees seem natoral in Fairylasd. BanU 
Vangjum bad como at the first summons from Lord Lisbtxm, and ani**' 
to find bis patron — ao it looked to him — in strange eompaaiTf wiw i '**«t 
all the circnmatanoea from a rational point of view. 

He bfiaitatedi aa well be nii^t, before the veiled lady and her ttxa^ 
room. Bat be had not followod the conrso of the dream, and bts mb^ 
waa like the entry of Common Souse into Faiiylaud. Zelda got tq> beo 
the piaDO, and withoat a word went ieto a comer of the room and enAd 
herself up among the heap of sofii eoshiona. 

" Ah t I thought yon'd come, oM fellow," aaid Lord Liiihani, flu^ 
n[i to hia forehead. " Bat I'm dead tired. Til go and lie down is (hi 
next room — yon can talk to me there. You're rsali anyhow." 

The doetor took his hand and then hia arm. 

*' X never hoped to find yoar lordsihip woU enough to nt np-~aO tta 
better ; yun oan change your ijnarlers the sooner. Bat do joo aaaa tf 
' that Sir Qodfrey letj yOQ sit here in thia horrible ataoepbcn ^ 


" Ttiia ia Qoi my room \ I'to not bean out of bed till to-day." 


'* Ami you oaght io b« id bod lot a w«ak to come." 

" Como, old fellow, it isn'i fair to hit « Dum wben bo's dovs. Yoo'ra 
ri^t tbongb, I daresay. Tbink joa, Slademotselld — (or yoor Mog, I 
mean. Yoa will oot be rer; *ngcy if I Sod my way Iiero aguo, in spUa 
of your flowers ? " 

But sbe only oarldd bersolf more deeply in her sofii easbioBff ud 
answered not a irord. As good m her Tiators bad pofsed tboimurdooiH, 
Bbo cropt back to tbo pt&DO and begftu to bam b^t loog to hantU, very 
softly, over aguo. 

Bbo wfts sc4ircoly in tba middle of ber fijsl stanza, boweror, vben abe 
lioard tbe doctor speaking to ber. 

** Pray koep your piano qaiet, HademoiMlle," bo eaid ; •• I have made 
Lord Lisbom lie down ; do yon want to diire bim into a fever ? Yon 
haT« already Let him tbrotr himself tack a weelc at least, if DOt more." 

" How dare yon apeak to mo in that way ? I have not pat np my nil 
K moment. This is my room and my piano, and I'll do aa I ploase." 

" Let ber go on," said Lord Inborn faintly trom within. " It doesn't 
distorb mo at all. It doce mo good to bear some mosie." 

Harold Vaoghan closed Un door. " 1 think «ii had better undanrtaod 
one Huotbor at onc«, MademoieeUe," be sftid. "There is clearly some 
mystery aboat you. Of eonrse it is nothing to mo, yon will say, and in 
ODo way it iM nothing. Unt I hope I am not soch an ongratoiVd bmto as 

to feel that what coneens Lord Lisbom eottceraa me. I suppose 
is no need to beat aboat tbe hneb with too ; mco in my profeaaon 
utd women in yooxB are people of the world. And 1 cannot get rid of a 
atninge fancy that we have met before. Yoa are now a Pole, I know, and 
a fiunoQB actreaa ; it ae^ma insane to think yoa were erer au Eo^iah fltneV 
mnger. Bat am I right in thinking you wero not ehristooed PaolinOj bat 
by tbe Btranger name of Zclda ? Is that why yoa hide yonr face from 

" Kever t I don't know tbe name." 

" I have never xuen yoa — if you ore not Zclda — oieept in some dis- 
gtdse. If yon are not Zelda, yon will have no objection to lifl np yoor 

" I won't lift Dp my teil." 

" WeD, then, it Ja as well yon Bhonld know all that I have it in my 
power to tell Lord Lisbom." 

** Ob, yon may tell him what yoa like— it's nothing to me." 

"Soyoo say." 

" I do say lo. What do I eue ? He won't believe yon. And if ho 
did, what B&oold I eore 9 " 

'* The world thinks yoa woald caro a great deal." 

" Who'a the world ? Yoa mean tho people that bear me sing? " 

•• Contempt for the world baa a rcry graceful look, Madcmoisello, bat 
yoQ msst bkTo learned as well as I that tbo world nerer sabmits to be 



" I don't know what yoa meui." 

" Sarely you do." 

" Then yoQ mean notbiog ? " 

" I ae&. It iDitsyoti that Lord LiBbani shonld ba eoiDproimial ? 

" CompTOQUsed ? " 

** Dao't yen Imow thio word 9 Walt, yon euil protaztd to tojamim- 
fltaud mo if I epeak plain ilungs. To Jadge from appoamieca,iii 
oo doubt ploaaa yoa to bear Ibat poople aay all that can hemiiiit 
troman vho remains, all by bonolf, to oniM a yotmg nun wbo ii 21 rf 
hot lodgings, espoeiuUy when tlio voman ia ao actrcsa and the man u i 

" All that can bo said ? Wbcro's the harm ? Onght I to ban Imrf 
him oat like a dog, when bo was burt for me ? " 

" No ; bat if you cared for your own repatation you would ban pM 

'•Cared for what?" 

*< Wbiob do yoa mean — that you don't care for ii, or that tl inl 
ffOrth cAring for ? " 

" I mean neitber— nolbing. Yoa are loo wise for me. I deal bn 
reputation nor compromiBS, Why should I go ? Why should p«^ 
eare whero I lire, or what I do? I sing for thorn uid Ihoy p^w- 
that's all. If yoa mean anytlmig wrong, it isn't tmo, it cooldsi h: 
and if there was, ii'ti nolbiu^ to them. I'm as fr«e to do what t liba 
ttwy, eo loog as I koep myself from tbom, and let nobody touch me." 

Harold Viogbon, in spite both of his pcofMBioD and his prabaiA 
waa not quite so much a man of the world as to feel inatiuctirely 
people were vpoaking truth and whcQ falsehood — be had had to 
with but two women, of whom ooo, as be believed, had been EiIm 
bim, while the one before him. be felt sure, had lied. Kor was be, I 
Lord I^bum, ready to bo carried away by the romance of an ad' 
But even be caoght himself admitting the suggestion, " Can this pcsi^ 
bo the most incredible innocence that man or woman over beard oft 
Bat ho was angry with bimBelf for such treason to eommoD aenae. 

" WeD," ho saiJ, "of course I can't control I>}rd Ltaboni; I hs« 
no right even to adrise him. Bat I ahall adriae him, whether I ban ft* 
right or DO, and will toko the oooseqaencos." 

How conld he read what was really occupying her whole oua" 
Kotbing was in her tboughte bat on all-aliBorbing horror of his ideati^vV 
her with Zeldu. She would hare gone to tbo stake rather thaa b« 
eonfuied tU— at least to him. 6he did not in the least eomprehstid ^ 
he eared about knowing it : she only knew that ho did eare, and that n* 
cDoogfa. AAer all, what was the first spur to her theatrical ambttioa bo) 
tbo hope, without a conseloos motire, that she might be ZoldA. the begp 
girl, to this great man no more 7 What aho felt towards him was M* 
like awe thaa lore—tui uuboin passion that might become lore, but Ibl 
might also become hate with equal UkoUhood, for in hearts like bA 



m\ach hftTO neTW knovn tiie (nil taste of dthar, the two tOMt oppnut« 
pM«0P8 tre in their oat«et eoriooBly akin. Hate ud Ion are at all 
•rwta 80 ^ alike, that th^ make na itDgla oat OB0 pmoo &«m the 
world, and care enpromol; aboat what he thinka of onreelTes. If ZeUa 
had been afflicted with the ooim of Mlf-analj^, she would hare loaned 
mach from her bitter disappointmGitt at the little affeot of what she eoa- 
Bidercd Lho magnificcocfl of her BOiroiuidinga bad wemod to hare upon 
him. IJut, at the same timo» she was imptened b; thvtr uot having 
snfficed to coDeeal her from his penetration. 

Ko ; anything was better than that be ahonld think of her as she 
hated to think of herself. He had impressed on her the test of the veil : 
I it anut be nndergone at the risk of ezpDsnre, ereo at the risk of the 
' irorkiag of tho Evil E70. 

"Who is Zolda ? " ibo asked suddenly. 

U« Ufled his shoaldets eontemptoooaly. " Nobody," be said. " Only 

rl who brings mischief to all she eomea near." 

Be eoold eee her tremble from boad to foot, and she Btamped on the 
ground — that faToarite gesture of bets, that soemed to imply eTerything 
At once wilhoat words. Bhe fell almost goaded into nsing the power af 
Trhicb he bad now twice accused ber. 

" Will yoa belicTO mo if I let down my veil ? " 

"I shall see." 

" Then see t " she exclaimed, tearing off the lace, and shewing him 
two eyes glowing like firo. CooId that passionate, bcantifol woman's &M 
be that of the beggar of St. Bavong ? He was astonished oat of bis 
BBspicions, and his own eyes, as if ashamed, literally went down before 
hen. Ko ; if this over had been Zelda, it was Zelda no more : she was 
right thtfd. He had never seen a face like this before, and hie recoUcc- 
lion of special featoree had grown dim — Ibonsands of women bare dark 
Awes and blaek bair. In the flash of the moment be was aboot to 
stammer " Xo," when his eyes, in their fitU to the floor, cangbt sight 01 
something at ber Ceet, which bet sadden movement had caoied to drop 
from ber bosom. 

He stooped doiwn. picked it ap, and held it before her. She was 
mote than answered— it was the gold witch that Uarold Vanghan bad 
lost on Whit BloDday. 



Habold Vaudiun threw a few shillingB away that OTcning to hear the 
pickpocket in bvt n'Jti i){ /iniint i/<iitnit at the Obcron, not as critic, bat as 
apoetator. Ut thaaght she saug liadly, bat as the popnhir faTOorile was 
applaaded to the roof, as moali he set down hie jadgmvnt to his own 



want of knovledpie. CafoI wob bulging aliont, of contM, in bif 
UTBUiriotis (wpacity u ODttUcbcd mamgR of evaryUiiog asd i 

*' Tbon" — ho mid, wbon in tW course of his nbiqaJty beliftiti 
for a moment opon Hnmld Vnni^an. " Onlj to thinlc all tlui wmUl 
bean thrown nvay if ii hadn't boon for me. lan't abs splendiJ ? " 

** I darotnj iihe in : but I believe I'vs beitfd m go<kl in ft 
hotwo befora now." 

■* Von doTMB;? Wby, thore's tiro hmtdied ponndi in Iha 
thore'e n pennv— what can yon b&j more ? That's Aii, tf yoa [ 
By tho way, yon're nn nri critic now, thanls to mo. Who do 
had better do her portrait ? Of coarse I know aD tho 
coold make them do anything, but jart think about it, will yc 
body that could cany out my own ideas ? By tlio way, too, 
havo soma now anocdotoa abont her — tho old ones are getting atdib 
Polish buBinesB did very w«U, but rather too well : there are thn* i 
Polish sojnani already, two of them English and one Irish, and «^ 
Brown or somotbing, wbo failed two youB sgo as an IUIIaii, ia 
oons oat brand-now as a CircMsian. We ean't give her a ebango of i 
I mppow, or I'd outbid iho Circasriaa with a Chinaso. I 
wouldn't be Bafe to say that aho's going to bo married to m iwrtais ; 
nobleman under romnntic circumstances? One might hint tlxat 
dnehesB in disgoiso, or that somebody has committed floicido for 
mado Iior a present of tho blggettt diamond in Europe, or that 
ueaped from Siberia, or poisoned three hnal>ands, or sopports i 
grandmother — any would do : perhaps 111 give them all a tan. II 
rU tako the grandmother first: it toaehcs people. It's the loaA< 
nators. She shall b« blind and denf, and eaved Ni4>ol«on in ths 
&om Moscow. Any old story of Napoleon does for a pag ; Aver^UidjiII 
think it's trao, go long as there's a name in it they've hiMird vhon IhdyiwJ 
babies. Keep the ball rolling— that's tho game. Hash — pray dost 
M much : it's very odd wherever I go how people always look at 
won't come behind f Oood-by, then : I'm going to baro a talk viftl 
Lecidnska," he added, very loudly, so that oveiybody within 
might hoar. 

It is impossibte to exaggerate the agony that tho inopportOM 
oovery of tbo watch hod brongfat upon Zetda. The knowledge thai 
bad b««n allowing a castle to build itself in the ur came to her 
ocoosly <K-ith the collapse of its foundations. To be found out in a ' 
did not moan to her what it would liarc meant to anybody else >■ 
position. It carried neither moml tihame nor Hoeial fear. It never i 
bto ber head to connect th* idea of sending for a poUrenian with BajoU 
Vauf^an, and if ths thought had ooeorTed to ber it would not hav« tm/t 
in the shape of Ebbt. 

She was a woman hopelaasly alono in a worM that sh* oo«M ool 
eomprehead. All tite fire of oatore was within her, hnsgering sAsr 
onUei. Had she been a beawn-bom artist, it may b« enid, woold shs i 



iinalf hfVt Kfld soni ink) Uie rwoer UuL bod Immq gireo ber 
■Hqffkad Ui«rciD foutid tbc utia&ctloa Uuit ut, MvordiDg 
eomiouQ-pIacoflf boetovs npoa Ibosa icbo foUon Hor for hcnvit, 
d not Tor b«r revuril ? Pok^I^ : and ^trt tbeM might bo tho ima$ 
a to ber, tad it migbt oul; bo a torment to bor, ail iha saaie. To be mo 
lit 000 mofft iar«ty know wbut nrt meanH. From Lqcm, ZgMk bod 
Meil tbat Art means tbe drliheralc practice of pc^aiitie rnles. From 
trol, Bbo bad learned that Art mMina tbe readicsl waj of goUIng moncj. 
am Aimot) abe bad learnad tbat Art mean* performing liut'own miulc and 
I otbor. FtnaOv, from tbe great public, tbo Iilgbniit court of appefti, abo 
d Ifiarofld tbnt Art means an occaatomd uwniitg's amnsament. It was not 
ety tbat bbe, to wbom tbo books of history and oiperieneo werv SnUed, 
paid bo Triiier tban tbey, and abo looked upon ber Bolitarj indnlgencics 
her natninl mnsjcal isfitisct as bo many Iblliee. Sbe was bound to bo 
so to ber geniiu, ami to bend it into a machine for getting oU aho eoolS 
of a voild that, except as an eoonaoTu gatbering of gollit, was notbing 
ixer. That Eho snoeoeded ao marvtUocuU^' was of eooise owing to bi^ier 
alities which ahe ooold not eootriTo to cnuh or coooeaL But aa Hbe 
nld not poBsibly ?nppoct Ibis, and as oooe of ber gnidcs, phDoeophers or 
'ends bod ever uttered in ber hearing or out of it a single noblo word, so 
o was compelled forwaut of knowledge to despteo her own ^coiua and to 
il an ooUet for tbe demon withni bor in leas wbolcsomo wujrs. 
No wonder that the whims aod capriMa of tbo ffinut (l(jana were with- 
at end. fVjoIiab admirers admired and ^ncoara^d them, common- Beoso 
)opU B&ecred at them na afleetation or charlatanism. They were nutbcr. 
ni then neither did whinu and caprioos proTido an oatlot : tbay w»ra 
ut palliatiTea, and «ymptonia that aho needed one. Tbey were simply 
lOTsl iaanea. Bat ber banker's book and her boog,aetij were real: as real 
xiatoncei to ber as IlaroM Vaiigban. Perhaps all alike woro droes and 
reams, narotd VaogbAn noil all. llie roal Harold Vao^han was moat 
Banredly no hero, save to her. It was not his faaU, howorer, that a girl 
lose (o regard bioi Ibroagh a prism. Not ereo jot will I eall this love, 
jr lOTQ, like art, roqoircR an clnnoDt of cooHioos knowledge. It veuB 
,cr the worship of an idea, which a larger sool had somehow rhanc^d 
find growing oat of iUelf and to bnvA traimpUnted into a smaller. I 
ppoae tveryhoAf mnjit worship somrtbing or other, if only a commtm 
ilay fetish : and large Houbi bave a ctmotui tendency to wonthlp the noaD 
is but human tifttnro to fixl dnwn to what U meet iinliko ontwlTea. 
b tbe bettor, in t?pite of tho apparent waalo and hiltornoss, Tba 
<nl, Utu high to be wurMlipp<.-d, wortibipe : Uiu Boul too HmaU to worabip, 
worshipped. Th*^ smaller is eunubleJ, and the f;rcBter onoobletl, so that 
gain in the rml; fitting way. Bat as it is bettor to give tban to ro- 
civc, BO, as is moat dae> <he graoler wml tit tbo greater gaiiicr after all. 

Bo ont of tbeac three poor comor-stoncH, a bank-book, n bundle of 
onqnots, and a bloeUicttd — it was Vaughan himself who bad giron luni- 
the Utl^-lhe ihnelbld Z^Jda, Sylvia and Paolbo bad lnn\t o^ \w( 



mansioii in the air. The petals of the bundle beoame leavee of 
and the leaves of the book became Bbmee of the bridge that n 
eTeryvhere, even to saoh a star as Harold Vaoghan. 

What the end was to be had not even begim to shape its 
mind. The whole Btoiy was with no more visible b^imiii 
than the bridge of trap-doors in the vision of Mirza. She I 
tried to look forward beyond the next nmset sinee she v 
and as her life was confined to the present, so was it all 
intense. Her nnconsoions life implied the idea of some 
other, and of course it was to bring happiness : withoa 
hope, intense life is a contradiction in terms. And here at I 
her third life, in which she was not Fanline, not Zelda, b 
She could not act the same part night after night withont to 
extent confasing her own identity. This was one result of hei 
nised gemos, but it was also the resolt of the intensity vrith ' 
lived every hoar, in whatever form it came. It was not that 
deliberate comparisons between her life on and off the stage. 
never qoite ceased to be Sylvia, even when she was most sim] 
The great sitaation in the last act, where the heroine has her 
the necks of all her enemies, was the grandest ideal of huma 
had ever been presented to her — indeed the only consistent and i 
ideal. This was the thirst which the discovery of the watch ha 
creased by destroying every reasonable hope of -satis&ction. 
almost in the mood that leads ns to move fiends to onr porpose if ' 
naiit powers rafose to be reconciled. 




AUGUST, 1873. 

gonng proton. 


KiOHT Lons. 



HE BeTArend Hr. Hovle^j had osia 
dcligfat OD tMg soblnnaiy iplura 
of nuremrded merit. Hevubud 
at fishing. II& Bu^it h&Ta hid 
Bome diffieoit^ in raeoociliiig ft 
Bport BO crnel to » l«od«f eon- 
■riaifle, bat ha refleoted tbmt S- 
BWD Ptttar, ud Aadnv hti Into* 
IhAT, with JuDM SDd John thd 
nu of Zebedw, were «0 fiahen, 
H wen ifl dirioei; and bjr the 
fint niles of aooad doctrine that 
which thej did unrepnmd eoatd 
□ot be nmsidered wrong without 
hem; by an orthodox dsrgymaa 
of the Established Choreh of 
England; on the eontrazy, it wu 
vortbjr of respeet and tmitatioD. 
Mr. Mowlcdj waa M mercifiil a 
man that be practised the Ibbw- 
man'« art with as little pain to the fi^ u their cue allowed ; bat b« waa 
also a logifliui and a eaaoist. He reflected that he might be a bumble inftrn- 
m«Dt In the hande of Proridaoee, selected to wage war agaiiut the order of 
Apodea, who rothienl; derooxed anaib aod other barmle« living thingi 
aUvc, proiriing greedily aboat m the dariman beaoath the waters to Htiaff 
VOL. xmn. — so. lOi. 1 . 




UiQ lust of oonqneat and the aa of inordluttto appeULe. If Mr. Motltl; 
took them eaptivo find hIaw thorn vhilc troopiDg oo Ibeoe bloodttaif 
expeditions, it was oaly tbo asago of lawful warfare, and he cooU Bit It 
viewed, even by the Apodee, if they reuooed caadidlj on Uis sn^tet, ■ 
any other U^l than as a ohampion and defender of the helple«. 

The bead is always the dope of the heart ; and aa Ur. MoiHrir) 
delight was aagliog for eela, he waa mire to find a corufortAliIo excoM te 
BO doing ; indeed it ifl among the advanlageB of loaroiDg thiit it Ria14H ■ 
man to discover maay excellent and coadusire atgnmente io bvoor ef ha 
wiahea, and to c^mfouod his opponents who have seldom stodisd 
sohjeot so deeply. 

Moreover, Mr. Mowledy caught the eels gently, wiili m ball of i 
twisted into nooses, which got into their toeth as they nuurandad absat i| 
Bsanh of proy. Ho did not torturo them with hooks. Tli«r« w«« i 
worms impaled upon the siring. Truly. Man, however, is a rational i 
and will tiot bo bikulkcd io pursuit of pleaniM by a eeeood obctack l 
torns np nnexpcetedly after ho has ovorcomo or thrown down 
Mr. Mowledy thought long and patientlv before ho found a scdiriSI 
the difficulty of the worms. Bnt be would not give it np, sad 
satisfied his intelligence that it waa a eonvenleat and proper etutoofel 
them by sLtntngem, or n garden spade, and apply them to the me 
For man has dominion over all the eroatares of the earth, and mora t 
ally the worm, which is a speoies of tho sarpcnt.— it is plainly bo 
the Swedish tongne, and that has mnch affinity with the Anglo-E 
pare £nglish. Now, the serpent is on aoenrscd beast, whom baadii) 
be braised by the heols of all who are boni of woman. Xher« is 
bctwoon the serpeut and the whole haman race; not ths eiunity of i 
or prejudice, bat a jast and perpetual displaasnie «qjoined by tt>« law, 
destroying worms or serpents. Mr. Mowledy was only carrying into 
jcntion the mild Eentence which had been passed npon them for tha I 
offence of haviug brought about, by craft and subtltrty, the awfiil ei 
of umukiud frum Ud«u, caused the woman to bring forth bar ehfldiwJ 
sorrow, and man to eat only of bread in the sweat of his iaue, till 
in wrath to the daat from out of whonco he waa tahim. 

Neither could it be urged that the eondoct of wonns or soipeDtt 
file Fall had been such as to merit any remiasioo of their ptn 
-They bad evinced no signa of repentance, They had aoeeptod baUIs ' 
jnankind, they nadermined and cankered all his works, tlury 
his Hubstance, overthrew his ptJaces, made leaks in mighty %h' 
liis vtiry records, and feasted finally on his retnaius. Xher are :< 
[Jlhe infernal brood of Satan, umloigoiog, as Linmens and otiutr uat 

lare, no metamorpbosia ; having no eyes nor limbs nor bowels of < 
Fjoasidon nor fntnra exisUmoe. Their name la a synonym (or that xwSMBi 
'.which gnaws and torments the wioked, for decay and sickly griaf, W 
jnings debased and despised, ioz worthJen thioga which work men Si 
jIov« amre, secret means. 

xoinsa BBOwn. 



Xbas Mr. Moirlddj? htmD% fall; •rgosd ooi Uio cue of tbe wonni with 
^fifift^lf, tbaj being abMnt ia eontuouicj, he hsA no mora scmplea lonebiog 
their impalcniciit ; and wheo his duly to his pariflhioners had haaa por- 
fonued iu eucli wia» m we liave Mao, he hombly trusted that he inight be 
pdffmittMl to sit etill half the night oow and then in a punt tot piaaatorial 

Mr. Uowledj was iat«ntly watching Iuh lioes od liiat Norttaber tii^t 
wlum Uadgo had Hed from the inn, and probably Ihinkiog h<m find a diafa 
of aela h« might i«nd hor oa the morrow, for ha had board thai sLo had 
bMD ailiag- Xh» spot where bis pant wm mada fast waa aot nQf»Toarable 
far flueh a aalijeet of eontfiiaplatioii. It was a dark deep pool behind the 
miUi and now lay deep in ahadow, nntroabled by the brawliog atream 
wUeb mabed tarbalently above and below it. Groood-bsit being also 
deposited there in ctuutiderable quantitiee from the dast of the mill, and 
Mr. Uowled; being on good terma with the miller, thia pool wai lua CkTooriltf 
pieee of vater. l^oromber oigbta, however, are cold and condbrtUaa, w 
towards one o'clock the worthy gentlenuut, who never aoffered his CsTonrito 
putima to interfere with men uaportant tUnfpi* bethoaght him that ho had 
some of his flock who lived • long way off to risit on the following day, 
and that n little sleep would be DAodfol to fit him for the laboore of hia 
calling. Tfaoiefore he first began to diaantaa^ the atriaga and wnaa at 
the «nd of his lines, and then slowly io roll them Qp for another oeeasion. 
li was not abort oreasy work, because he had nobody to help him, and his 
fingan were half Erazoo. The siting stiflened almost as soon aa it came out 
of the wnter and slipped tbroagfa bands made clammy by contact with tb« 
e«lB. The loops o( his tines, moreoTor, caught in weeds and projoctiog 
roots of tmea, which bad thirstily Ihnut themselvDa into the stream. 80 
be was gbid when it was over and be could nnfaelen his pant to go home 
before the day broke. Hewas jnstahoattodo ao, when be beazd a sndden 
plash, as of a bod; falling £rom the opposile bank, a fow yards above the 
mill ; and immediately aftorwarda a motionteBS bnman Conn was bonte 
rapidly by him on the sviil-flowing waters. The fiill moon sbone very 
brightly on the i^tanied face of a young girl, os it sunk and cdso again, 
dashed aboat by the eddies; and Ur. Mowlod^'s heart stopped — smote 
with a floddeo and awfol angoisb — as he recognised the pole featoiee and 
golden hair of her who was all the world to him. In a moment he had 
plmtgpid into the mill-stream, and struck out lostily. He had been a 
■trong BwimmeT in his yonth ; a Winebaster boy and an Oxford man, ho 
was always fond of the water, and now bis old piaoUce stood him ia good 
stead. Making r&pidly on beyond the spot where the body had snitk, be 
trod the water and watched till it rose again. Then be dived gallantly 

I for it, caoght it midway as it went down, and bore it to the nearest shore. 
He was nut a bad pfajsiciao, this obscare country parson ; and he was 
aware that when a person is eubmerged onder water, soiSxation ensnee, 
Dot in coDseqneoce o( the access of water to the Inags, bat merely from 
lbs exolonon of air, and that if breath could bo once biongbt back to Lee 
I :j_ 






Bbo wonlil Uto. He knew also that aa oho bail not been bubb fl 
minatas 'm tUo water, and liad oot been imnwdiatcly sabtaerged, Hm 
good hope, if Um UManfl of rcBtorfiUoc w«ro at hand ; and &iliiig Ai 
eoald oalr do bil bait. Now tbo mou of tlie mill had long gov 
bnt the mill stood opea, and there wore etill Rome embers of ft 6n 
had het^n left barning for him bj his Iriendlj p&rishioncT ; ao h» < 
the girl qaiokly thilhor, threw his largo boatiug-eloalc imd radt «z 
be bad iritfa him OTor her, and did all things needfal, till bar AM 
breath gradnallj rolonied, and Sladga, opening her 0708, Iook«d « 
aroond her. In less than lialf-on-bour she was ooonpletel^ le 
eonseioamess ; attd, hansg been eo short a while in the water, 
to retora homo. 

The good gentUmnn, with Ui« tuuftt« dolicary and chiralryof aCIa 
mind, forbore to ank her aoj questions ; and when she n-oold haw 
him an explanntion ho eteyed her softly, and Bought witb wonb 
and lofly charity to oalm her trottble, be it what it might — to raiat h 
again in ber own eateem, as a human soul, procfoua to all Qw 
the posaihitities of the fatore, to him, a Minister of tbe Choniii 
precious, moat revered. A cvdinal speaking to an em p r eai k 
chosen better, Bimplor, or more respoctful hmgnage. 'When tba 
gradually came back to b«i checks, and ho saw that ftbe waa no 
and qnitfi quiet and resigned in manner, he knelt down, biddil^ 
BoleniD fteeeiits to do Ukewise, and prayed ferrentljr in tbe Wi 
affecting words familiar to him throogb years passed in bearing noi 
to the afflicted of hh congregation : — 

** Lord God, who hast wounded tu for onr sins, and consmm 
for oar transgressioiis, by Thy Inte hoary and droadfiU vieitation, ahi 
to the midst of judgment remembering merer, hast redeemed oar 
from the jaws of death ; we offer unto Thy fiitherly goodnesv oor 
oar BOnU and bodies, which Tbou hast doliTcred. to be a linngB 
onto Thee, always pmising and magni^ing Tby mercies in the si 
Thy Chnrch, through Jesos Oirist onr Lord. Amen." 

And baring pmyed Uios, giving to the Most High the glory 
miracnloQs preaorration, he rose from his knees and bleeaed her ■ 
forbearing to intrude on her when ho could no loogar be of nso, an 
tenting himself by watching her^mseeD when she toft tbo mill, h 
ahonld laint or fall down by the way. Lut she arrived K«f«ly at faer 
about two hours after she bod quilted it, and passed uni|ne«UotMMl tkl 
tbe open door into ber chamber, where all was itil). 

chaitkr i. 

Whai Happexb. 

Mu. HowLxoT was \-ery III for Rome days after he bad bravolr rcMan 
drowning girl, and it is ooe of tbo many ioozplieatile tfaix^ in ihtt « 



lat heroic Mtions uc seldom performed vtUi impanity. Hu wet elolhos 
ud avflDged thomselTes ou him for Uieir unttinf^ly niiQ, and stnick him 
own with an auseeD blow, which brought ou fever and Bguei leaving 
ua to reflect, in Lhit condition, that Virtne in Tcxily it« own reward. 

Aloanwhilo aBiin %i the " Chequers " resomed their Eonner ospeei, 
Dd went on &beoInt«]j as if uotbiog had happened. Madge did Dot T«* 
avar her cheerfolnesB for long afterwords ; bnt she went about her work, 
Bd seemed lo take a pleasnre in it, or to find relief from bodily oxer- 
oit. Sha vaa peaceful enoagh if left aloue, bat aDilen and eveu defiant 

Kay ODO interfered with her. fltiveral tJmen also she asHertcd her 
idepeodonoB in express terms, which troabled John. Oilee not a little, 
be reminded him that aho was not his daa^iter, that she was naoght to 
bn, nor he to her, but a Jnend, and she added that she waa minded to 
un hur own living and to see the world. She expressed a desire lu take 
irrka in Loudon town, and asked th4 brewer's man, wheti he come with 
is ^gantic hoisos and bis casks, if ho know of a place for a hard- working 
irl " anjwheerg," it did not matter in what Loom or city. Ue answered 
tint he knew of no sneh place, and that It wonid be wieasy to come ai 
Q aooonnt of the hanloeas of the times, which ever glvee and will give a 
bort and ciril replj to an unwelcome request ; and he told her, being 
ludged thereto hj Giles, that she did not know when she was well off. 
Iheo she tamed to Tom Brown, in her restless desire to be gooe, and 
rdered him to £nd a place for her, begging him with sighs and tears ia 
Mo no time about it. 

The poor fellow thnut his knuckles in his eyes at the bare thought of 
Jsiug her, and beioogbt her in his rough way to tell him if any of her 
fiighbonrs bad ^tcd her occasion to be angry, that he might right bor 
rith his fist and tongue. He would give them a piece of his mind, ho 
onfidently said, (he did not think how small it was,) and thump them 
Dto their seossa. It is the English pUin, and not an oril odo ; for senso 
ompelled by blows ie wondrooily diserftot aod modest. 

Hut she said nothing in return. Bh« seemed subdued and sad. Id* 
aod, she was becoming perplexed and half distraught in her trouble. She 
lad tried, she alone knew how desperately, to put an oud to it, perhaps 
J death itself, if her secret could bo known, afterwards by llight. Both 
jeans had lailed her ; and, like a bird caught in the toils of the fowler, 
ow she flutterod in a passkm of fear and woe, now cowered timidly, and 
eased to struggte. 

So it happened that when Tom Brown eamo into the kilchon that 
ight, the girl's feelings were dull and blunted with overwear, tihe n-as 
not ill, but she was weak and listless. Her poor honest workiDg hands 
ong down beside her, and she ooold no longer collect her thoughts. Sho 
ih a little light-beaded, and wondered in a hazy, batf-unconiwioas way, 
rhethor sho should ever be like the idiot girl who went about with straws 
her hair last harvest. 

Sho took no notice of Tom Brown, but let him sit down by the firendt 



and Ulk to bor u lie would. Qe looked Hko Bome good 
kMjang gaud orer bcr, uid hiB radd B|Meeh wu little better tluuij 
meaning growl, eomiiig from a faiihfal boart, wliieli voold hire 
broke to pUaue bar, 

" T&tHigfi" cried the fdmpio foQov tt tut, uid Cber« wu e 
patbbfl in his coarse appeal, " Oi eam't a BfooS it do mawer. FS |d i 
list Tor A ettdjor im you wuo't ta^k oi waa oi aies yew. Oi'd ba' 
yow a botkirt mon an yoa wad wed. An' ibow at bain't for t' bee, tbn 1 
mattor o' twontcti pond I bn' eeaved oop — doeo tajk t' bInoL T 
onder t' bjrick Tonder." 

Tbo good loot shook and blabbered like a boy av be apoke, 1ta\ 
was in grim earneit, and be took ap bin lanteni to lesro ber for i 
irbeo sbe, with a Reared aspoct and mien like that of one inl 
while walking in iilet^p, asked bim what he weald hare of ber ; 
he told ber again and again, tilt she understood hia meujiog, idia 
and wniDg ber haode till the blood ittarted between tho nails of 
He aboto gently up to ber with antaaght afleetion, and talkc 
ID boniely phrase of the childhood tbey bad passed together, 
manj times and oft be had held her on his kneet as a littlo mite : 
Urnn his arm ; tall first she smiled, boin^d into foirgetftilness 
momoDt by the deceiver Memory, and then sbo sobbed eooi 
answering Mm in gupa. Any one, she Raid, might wed -with' 
■B she wan, if they had a mind for tbeir bargain. Tbo pnraon, Ibe 
smith, or be. It wae all the same to bor. Hbo only wiuit«d ft mmd^ 
broad, and eonid work for it. She thanked God for tbat. Sfaa wooUj 
beboldeo lo nobody. Her voice an she spoka was somethnas 
even fierce, sometimes hashed and KuppUcatlng. She hardly ' 
know what sbo was saying, and ber mind wandered &nm one solijfdl 
another. She told Ulm she did not eare what beenme of her, or 
and tbat nhe did not Like him, or erer conld bke him ; and then i 
to bis arm, and went into hysterics. 

By-Bud-by she was qaite worn out and as weak aa aa infant 
pressed her agsiin in plain words to wed vritb bim, and she 
passively, Raying little; but before they parted it wna Battled 
ttiem tbat be might have the banns put up od the following St 
eenfessed that the had attempted to kill berseif, but would try to 
him a true wife if be eonId foigiro ber ; and she thoagbt sbo 
him nil, while his doll comprehonsioD sospeotod nothing. Bba 
an inartieolate rillsge giri, andbe an ignoruit eoontry btinapl 
mistakes sometimes ooenr between more lettered people, and taw 
tho mysteries of tbe soul througb tbo dark glass of language. 

An boar before she had fonght angrily ogoiniit the joyless 
pursued her so aorolontingly. Kow it bad overtaken ber, for 
for worse she was bnmble and submissire to it. Tbe strife was otwr, ' 
she bad yielded. She warmed Tom Brown's be4ir, spteed it with ant 
uid pal a roasted apple in it, la she used to do on boBdays befor* 



otrangor faauUm&n eiiTna. fihs lit Lis Iant«ni ythen lie veol nvajr, and 
kissed bim aa ebo bftde lum good-nigbt. Then abe TroDted tinktly, irith 
dzy «7elida, to ber room, a&d slept soiuhU; Ui« aleep of otter exhtiu* 


The Vuxaob Cobatb. 

'cm Bbown droBsed bimfiAU in bis best, witb n fiorery waisteoat, fibort 
trovsen erumplod at tbe knoos, and tt. coat mncb too large for Mm ; be 
look a opuega; in bU band, aod be went vttli BbuDbltng ntepa and 
■hB«{^*b gftit to B£c tbe panoQ. Jobn Giles, vbo had a Inddled nntlon of 
vbat was going on, and had a generally intoxicated or mnodlin regard for 
Ins wife's kinsman, felt pleased to keep Madge and bim about tbe bouse, 
aod saw do reason wb; tbe; sbonld not many as bo bimself had dono. 
Tho pair walked on in silence at about tlie same pace, thongb John Giles 
vraddled, poffing as be went for want of breath, and tbe rousger man 
slonchcd along covering a yard oaeb step. They kept wide apart, thoo^ 
their dispoattioos were so amieaklo ; but John Oilos baTiog indalged one 
of his umall goouebcrry-colonred eyes with a movement not nnfike a wink 
al Htarting, Tom felt at a disadvantage, and tnracd bis Bhamebc«d bead 
half over his shoulder to escape from banter wliieb soomod to tiekle him 
beyond endurance. He liked, yet dreaded, and flinched from it. He 
knew that OQes, who loved his joke, was watebtog slyly to poke bim in 
the ribs and talk oi Madge. The dull man bad no other way of being 
fanny ; and Tom Brown could appreciate RQcb wit, aod give and take a 
Jest as GOea bod often proved. Tbe distance wbicb Tom obsorrod 
between them was after all but a eooniug trick of fence, and John was 
sore to have bis thmst before tbe day was ont. 

Thus, each on guard, yet both weU pleasedr they came to tho parson's 
gate, and Tom Brown rang the bell. 

Jobn hit bim io a moment then. "Faytb," bo chuckled, <'y« b4 
mrl reddy wi' t'rmfj, Tommos." 

" Co bain't rovrnd t' ring, be it ? " mattered red-cheeked Tummus, giv- 
ing himself a crick in the ncok by his gpasmodlo efforts to escape bis tickler. 

John Giles's humour woa not very ahnndant, but it was long- 
wiuded to a provvrb. Uariag once got bis joke he would never let it go, 
but hit yon on the same place with it for years. He laughed till he was 
ohnofit bUck in tbe facD abont Tom having got bis weddiitg'ring for 
nothing, said he sbould never want a dinner while he bore off the bell — a 
phrase whieb bad more meaning in it than bo thought, and bo woold hare 
jeered on till night now Tom was at his mercy aod could not strida away, 
bat Mr. Mowledy called to them from his window to go in. 

Thay diepnted who sbonld cross the threshold first, and shoved eaeb 
other forward by the shoulders according to tho forms of nirat cer«mooy* 



Tom BrowD, who wm ths Btronger, piulidcl in Johti at ImH, tdJ bMf 
taken off their hats and wiped their brows, they stared bclbra tttoB; i 

thej polled each other bj their eoat-skirts, which were Ifragndaqk 
beeaoBA tbaj tikod their money's worth from tho tailor, and bfigaTB dill 
aD nprigbt mind, u buth wcxo readj? to aTOaeb. 

Tb« pamoD mildly asked Uuim wbjr tbey came together, or tri^Oq 
eaout atBU,aDdliop«dtfaatuoithiDg had gone ill with them of Uioartfi 
inn. It WM not Sunday, and the worthy num marveUi>d to bob Ih^ Ami 
io saoh array, twiddltog Lheir Ihaube and all abroad, so big withtfiai 
aod yot nnable to bring forth. 

They said that nothing had goue ill with them, and John aaraalAt 
parson it was a fine fro«ty day. 

Tom, thus oDoonraged, added ifaat there had been a deal of aa 


The p&tEon answored " yes" to these remaxlcs, and then the earn 
Uon stopped, till John obccrred, " that frost waa a b«tt«r thing te Pt 
roads tbui beavy Bnonfalls." 

"Ay, zur," said Tom, " especially wbeo no thaws." 

The parflon smilod, thoogh ho was bUU ailing and confined k thi 
hooas by racking rheumatism. Experience bad long since taught him sa 
to bony any man's cattle ; so bu waited wstli a pl&cid, benevahmt asfim 
eion which was habitaat to bis features in repose, for that which Froti4a* 
might send him neit. 

ProTidenee sent him nothing for tea minatss. Tom Broim lookadf 
at tbe eeitiog, and John Giles got back bis breath, which had been ponp^ 
oat by ehaokling. The Corate's cat puxrod as she lay on the acantf n{ 
by the fire, and the pale beams of a wintry son fell athwart tho motrn* 
Uw sordid chamber, caeting a deeper shadow on ila unpepered walb t^ 
MBnoQ furnitare. It is a beaatifal saperstition which preurvM 
belief that an angel passes wherercr there is sileocQ. Perhape u n 
WW passing Uieo, foe tho Curate had need that ougoU should mtniitw i 
him- H« had heard in im time the message which comos to oa aO &« 
the Eril One, and might hare chosen the things of this world had bf ^M 
it. If he had said to Satan, " Got theo boneo," it was bat meicthl 
ihenld now be comforted. 

At last John Giles anbarthaned bis bosom of the tnomealoos tift 
that Tom Brown and Madge wore to bo nsked in cboreb next Siutd^. 

The blow was strock fall on tbe good man's heart, and it fiiU IQts 
axe on tender wood. It was well that the God of lore had sent an aatftllt 
him Uiea. 

Mr. Mowtedy shaded his eyes with his band and turned away froBda 
hglit. lie went to his bookeoM, where he kept some maaoscript sen 
and copies of the parish registers, and be prayed silently. When he sp 
to bis TisitOM again, his face wore an nncarthly garb of pallor, hat afvn i 
was a dinno light : It might have bwn a ray of that otBrnal glory miA 
iUomined the brow of Israel's lawgiver when he oune frmn oaamaakn 



witb Uie Kiag of kings upoo Stimi. lih tratli ouJurvUi from geacmUon lo 
gcnemtion ; we may all seek help nod eoanscl from od hi^ 

The Carato's votes was vciy firm and calni. He wished )um porbluonbrii 
bajipioeM and eoatsBtmoDt. lie r^miudcd U^e hridegroom of Uio aacretl 
and mdiBSolnble luilare of tbo contract upon which he wns nboat to enter, 
nod aiiked kindly after the health of Mies Margaret without oue faltcrisg 
accujt. Then he took down the name of Thoma« Brown, and filled np the 
uucusBan' printed fonaa and notices wilh a atcady hiind. Uanng dona bo, 
he nskvil fot MtiJgo's ivgi&t«r tff baptism, to see if ithe were of full a^e, and 
iq^iured irhelher she had father or mother liTing. " I should have 
ansalted it before," said Mr. Monlcdy, with a slight oonghi " bat Uio 
ipUimal registers of this parish appear to have been partially, or io soma 
altogether, CAten Qp by mice." 
John Giles replied that he would look for this document among bis 
doeeuBed wife's papers, and the two men went away, giving hearty thanks 
to the Cnratc, now the tee was broken, and ho accompanied them to his 
r, whure he took gentle leave of Ihom. 

~WheQ they were gone, he «at down and wept, with his grey head bowed 
ipoD bia hiuids, and the list hope flod from his lonely existoneo hero below. 
AH wiu very ailoot in bis room that night and cTormoro when he was 
lono. PeHiapfl the angel came and dwelt wilh him. 



vfia not BO easy to find the copy of Madge's ccrLifieate of baptism nmouf; 

le rclicfi of the late landlady of the " Cheq^aors " iuii. Hlie had left • few 

lid clothes behind her and much linen. If there bad been a paper it bad 

>eoD swept away as rubbish, and waa luitt, or not forthcoming. So John 

Cilcs told the parson be eonld moke nought of jt. wheu be saw him next 

day; and the Curate, after moslng for awhile, recollected somotbing he 

lybaul heard long ago, and which bad Iingere<l m his memory. Thurvfore, ho 

Ket out npon the following day, by eoaob, for London, to see Dr. Furteous, 

Toctorof Wakefield- in- the -Uariib, who had told him that scmething which 

j-Qoiaujed iu hifl memoty, and who bad kept the pariah regiflters bufure 

■lia time. 

W The rectory of Wakefield was at this period one of thoeo scandals o( 

■(be Cborch of Kogland i<liich have out yet (juiUi ceawd. It woe worth 

four thiiusond u yi-ur, luieured npon land which bw) ^rwiually risen iu 

value by improved culliration tn the lapae of ages, while Ibe pupolation 

i«f the place bad dwradl«d in like proportion to a few sectfo of souLi. 

[AVakefield hud first been &monii for its bows and arrows, thun for ita 

cloth ; but comoiexoe and mecbauicM had moved away from it to other 

places, ud now it prodoced oothint' bat a few egg« and a little poaltry. 


lOtnfO BROWN. 

It lind OO09 been Ujo Met of n wealtby moDasterf, axul tba mm 
tmufonncd into the rendeoofl of a shopko^ing poor nude b^ 1 
WM now in nuns; tho shopkeoping peer's monoj haTing gone 
Qoxt geoention to the agarere, from wheace it came. The latest 
of tho liring hod been one Dr. Porteona, a gonilaiiua of good fiu&i 
had fttUon ioto difficnmoe ; his linog had been sequMtrated, and 
not been eoen at Wakefield for a doien years. P^oplo ofteo 
brother, Sir Btchar<I, who had once owned half tho oonntj, 
nuuter of tho Cloadeedsle hounds ; bat be too had driflod Ioto 
some said he wad at Honlogne, and some at Florence — and 
representatiTo of tho rioh benoSco or ita patron vns Hi. 
Tillage cnrate. 

He had only seen Dr. Porteoi]ii twi«e sinco he bad 
the onro. Once at a cinb in Pn!! Mall, when the preti: 
to hia engagement vere arranged, and ooco at a soUeitor'a oAcaj 
his stipend was in nrrear. Upon the latter occasion. Dr. PottM 
declared, with many handsome apologies, that he had reoelfi 
Mowledy's stipend b; a mistake, which he sapposed settled the ^ 
and be BQggested tbut tLej sbuuld now start afresh — a proposition k 
the Oorate agreed, not, howoTOr, withont bowildcrmoDt ; hot he m 
man of business. 

Hix recollection of this Doctor of DiTLuity was that of a potltf 
dressed clergyman, of great suavity of manncT, who had treati 
with pnnctiliooa politenees, and loft him to pay for a inneheoB, wkd 
Doctor had tmlered, as though he were the treasarer of k bilbo 
thoq^t Bneh mnndaoo things too profane and small for «oel«ii 

Mr. ?kIowIedy had nerer soen Dr. Porteona ainee th«8e transai 
and had neror got the arrears of bis stipend then overdne ; so be M 
delicacy in presenting himself ossammoned before his superior, 1 
should appear to him aa an importunate creditor. Still Datj | 
eallad Mr. Mowledy with its still srmaU voice, he went. 

Dr. Forieons lired in the same pariah as the Archbishop ofC 
bury, not, indeed, from choice, but of neeesaily ; and he lodged in a 
respeetebloloealilyi-tiUod "Mclina Place, Lambeth," boouuo It was 
the " rales " of the King's Bench Prison. Hr. MoKlody had no 
in finding a reaidoneo known to all the haokncy eoachmaa of 
bat was sorprised, on his arrival tfacro. to find that so grftud a 
as the Doctor had coudeseeuded to lake up his abode in so ■mall a 
It was an nnproErperoDB, dilapidated honse ; it hud a neglected 
sided or raokoty look. As the Curate raised the knocker of tho 
obserred that one side of it was broken and the other was looM. 

A slatternly girl, the maid -of- all -work of a London l> 
the saborbs, ansvered to bis he&italiog rap. and behiad h«r 
elderly getiUeuian guing out for a walk. 

He was a looselydressed peraon, in large black rlotfaea. 



fpoltod wilii troD-monJd. He wore a shiit>fnU, k vhite nockclotb roMin- 
bliQg A paddhig-bAg, blaek gaiters, and a liroail-brimmftd h&t, rather 
rasty. His &ce Beaiaed red at first sigbt, but on cxamioAliou changed to 
I purple. Htii eyeA were bloodslint, bis oose, rerj balboQS as to its shape, 
iftB grantilAtcd lihe the mulberry. His legs irero thin and shriTeUed, hii 
stomach was round. Ho had a grave, magnterial deportment, and in all his 
shabby do^radatioo prcscrvM the nanusLakeablQ bearing of* gentianiati. 
}[c looked at Mr. Movlody with the keen alanned ^anes which 
iuTUiably choraoterizefl an; human being who has been btmted to earth ; 
and he knew him instantly. 

" Dear me I " si^d ho !n a magniloquent Totee, which seemed to come 
Erom the middle of his throat, ** my excellent and worthy eolleagno and 
.friond — permit me to say /rUnJ. How do yon do, rererend sir — bow do 
[yoQdo? " 

Dr. Porteoas bowed with extreme altability, and hurried down the door- 
steps into the dreary garden, which lay waste before the honse (ai some 
such garden did botore most subnrban houses flro-nnd-thirty years ago% 
aad as he did so filr. Mowlody heard a shrill vixemsh female voioe in 
porsiiit of Itim. 

The Doctor, however, baring safely got bfiyond roach of it, panscd 

grandly. The natiuml manners of a well-bred scholnr then rctnmed to 

him, and be asked, with a simplicity and good neuite lUmost tooehing, 

[what forlonato circomstanoo had proenrcd htm the pleasare of tfao 

FCnrate's visit. 

" I think, sir," said Mr. Mowledy, not unmored by what ho saw-^ 
for he loo was a gentleman — " that yon hare some private knowledge of ft 
young woman known in your parish as Madge, or Margaret OBes, bat 
ft who was baptir^cd under some other name." 

I *'Tes," answered the doctor, patting on his nnfortnoalo professitmal 

■ manners again. **I am folly aware of the circomstancea to which yon 
B refer, Mr. Mowledy. As a clergyman of tbo Church of England, my 
Hwured and responsible — ^moet responsible and moat sacrod — calling is 
duly impressed npon mj memory : and I may say, "Mx, Mowlcdy, (hat 

Ittot an boor of my exietenco passc>s by in which I am munindfol of my 
This was not preoisely what Mr. 3toivlody wanted, and he said so, 
with much deference and reKpe>et. 
" Lot ns dine together," said the Doctor. " It is now five o'clock. 
Jb your oliib the Oifbrd aod CambrldKu or the ITniYersity? We can 
ibfin talk over the sobject, in which I obficrrc yoo take an interest. 
Young women, indeed, natnmlty inspire beneToIencG aod regard, and I 
may say that no profesaion, bon8o«ver sacred be its character, can, or 
indeed OQght to, withdraw ns wholly from an inflnaoce which rofiues the 


lie- heart. 

'<), ui)d briefly said "ho was not a member of 

any clnh,"<~-o fact which Dr. Porteoan know rery well ; and if Mr. 



Uowlody bad been membor of both these clubs tho Doctor cooU 
ItAve aeeomp&tued him to eiLbet of Uiem, for be va» boned sot to 
b^ond the " mica " of Ihu prisou in vUieb he vriis, hy & logftl fietton, 19' 
poKil to be ijicftrcented for debt: Uioagh tie bad nioouUj bo«chlt 
limitod libcrtj from tho manh&l ot goTemor of the King's Bewib-^ 
officer who waa pnTilcgod to Boll BmitU supplies of liglit and ut, flfl 
ten guioeu each. 

" W«ll, then, rorerend sir," sikid tho Doctor, with lofty oomUirr, '*jk 
mast dine with mo. I hear joa hbre do objectioo to modoniU fatn^ 
— Day, i will taJie no rcfasfti ; for what sayi Bt. Paul ? DoM b« M 
o^join the clergy to practise hospitali^. Let us obey tiu trmihing d 
that saint and ganUeman. ThcT cook a nunp-ftteak well nut far bi 
fa«nce. 1 b«6«ocb joo, w Christian brothachoo<i| to Moompuj 

Be entered t neat little hotel, vhere tho waiters evidently Jom* 
•od ordered a gcKnl dtuoer, with a bottle of their best pact — Iff 
good of the honse, bo said. 

They nt down together, and his beart opened to the good d»ci> 
" Ah. rererend sir," remarkod Dr. PorteoQS, " there waa a tim >i« 
mj lardot was always fall of old vino and fat Tatuson, end I nmld if 
oITarDd you a haunch, with some rare old Uadeira worthy of ytiar *- 
periencdd taste, and which had twice made a voyage to tbo Indiss; ^| 
we must bo oontont with — what yon soe." " 

lt£r. Mowl«dy profostwd himself poifeetly saUsGed, es todeed lis f* 
and tho dinocr coDtinnod tilt, by-and-by the viae Venning tb« Dvfl* 
into conGdenco, ho retiiuncd — 

" Yes, reverend sir, I was not always so nulacky as I em aov-^ 
sport of bUea fortones. I remembermy brother said to me, *B}tf |* 
Med — for ho callod ma Ned — you ehaa't sturvo, though I Lato brm^ 
the old pUc« tumbling down about our ears. Fatii<!r*B end ■«tt*> 
moDoy is gone — so is youre, my boy, at Ncwmarkot ; bat WUl fiostte 
is JDst dead in lime, lliebop Boiylur, C'ourLhupe's tatur, will ordu J* 
and yon shall have the Ciunily Uviug before the smesb eomcs siite 
creditors can seize it.' 

" Uohard had a warm heart, and wo drank many bottles of B ^lg ■^^ 
I romembcr, that uight before wo (Hirtod. 

'■■You'll hnve to raittc money onongh, Edward, to pay my Mtt^ 
bonoar to the Duke,' ooQtinaed my brother, * and you must Imy an aaa*? 
{or UUle Zephirine ' (Zepbirine, Mr. Mowledy, was tb« greatest <■■> 
dancer of her day. She married the Polish Prinee WalkTraki duE^ 
afterwards), * and the rest will bo your onn. Yoa'U throw tna Btm^H^ 
aeroes the wator ool of your tithes now and then. Nod, when V\ 
lack, — won't jou ? * 

" Of cnorse I agreed to ovGryttuDg, yon know, ilr, Uonrl^hr 
Boetor, bis moulh Uing fuU of a ulad nluch be bad ptipHni^ 
atleatieo ; " only, onfortunately, I am trta to cooCoa that I 



' ihkt 1 hftd Dot fiiur UiDOituid a-jfiu-, which wu the 
fall iucoma of tho living ; wborew 2 had oul; eix handred, for Shari>e, 
the moDdy-Under, &Lh4r of Ihc pnw«iil Sburpe, bled me woefuUj-, ereu as 
ti» thieree mvjA hare hlod the trarellor whom tb« good SamAhtan found 
■od oonriBbod." 

Ue fmisfaed his etorr, and told aaother, Uieu noolher, washing down 
the rejnioisccnus of the post irith draughtd more aud moru copious, till 
Hr. Mowledjr ohBorv&d. on a meek eonsultation of his ailver watch, thatl t 
wad growing lal«, and with Bome deit«ritjr tamed tho conTemtion back 
to Uadge. 

"Ah, to bo Bora," said tho Doctor, eoDdeseendlDgly, as ho opened 
the third boUle of port. " I remcmter ahe was christened in the name 
of Margaret Wjldwyl. I dined with tho Doko a few dajs after, for ha* 
WM an iotiniattt aiuouate of mj brother, and the; iiuid to re&esh them- 
B«lvea with wine and wager huus of mono; with each other. I told his 
Gnioe that I liad had the hoDoor of pcrforsung the rile of bapliam to a 
kinswoman of hia Ultutrious lamily. 

** * The devil joa had I ' said the Dnke, looking black aa thTmder. 

' D it, parson ' (for I regret to montioD his Qr&ee alwa}^ used profaao 

oaths alter dinner), <if aojF Scotchwoman is taking anjr 

liberties with mj name, I expect yon to pat a stop to it, or IH sot one of 
my bishops at yuo, and atrip the gown off joor back, by George 1 * 

"i knew that his Gr»ce eoald keep his word, and would do so if I mad« 
Lim angry, for tbero wera no loss than three right reTerond fathers of 
the Choreh who owed their aeats in the Upper Hoose to the Wyldwyl 
inflaence ; so I hold my tongno, of coarse, and nothing more was said 
ftboot it. But either the Duk« himself, or I>ord Got^ge — well, wo won't 
talk scandal, for the credit of the cloth. Her name, however, is Margaret 
Wyldwyl, prouoouced Wjril, as you know. " 

Mr. Mowlody did not know it, and he said so ; whereat the Doctor 
went off agalaat score, and gave bim much curlouii informaliou as to tho 
jtrbitmry pronunciation of Eagtiah iamily names, Ue also promised to 
■end bim Margaret Wyldwyl's baptismal register, of which he had pre- 
served an authenticated copy, from respect to the ariBtoetacy ; and In duo 
time did so, "to prevent onoeeessary scandal or inquiry into such a 
snbQoel," he wrote, with other wtill-ttiroed aeotenees to like cfieet. 

Xbs Curate hanng thus obtained the object of his visit, rose to go* 
and the Doctor, with great orbanity, nUled I^r the bilL 'SVhen it come, he 
aaked the eorate carelessly to s«ttle it ; and on Mr. Mowledy })i]tling down a 
fiTe-|Krand note for that purpose, he absently took op the chongu, saying 
he would ^T« it to Mr. Mowledy when they got borne presently. So the 
Curate accompanied his rector bock to Mcllna Place. When they got 
there, and knocked tat admittance, an angry head in a mob-cap was thrust 
irom the window, and the shrill voice, which Mr. Mowledy hnd beard 
heiurD, rated the Doctor in no moaxurod terms. The Corato'a heart waa 
touched to see the poor gentleman au bumbled, and he moved away a 



litUe diBUnee, to he out of l^Mrinf;. «lii]fl the Btorm blew ortr. Ba viU 
for Bomo time whilo coarse Uonts and bard inreeiirea fall pelting a ii 
Doctor's hoed, end whea bo (liBsppeertd with m sadden jerfc, ea (bao^ 
polled into tho hoasa by a elav, Mr. Uowledj sigbod gentlj orer Ihi )m 
ot bia smell sariDgs, end retumod to Wekofiold-in-the-Menh vUk |01 
pit; and emu some respect for tbe cutewsy. 

auPTF-n xrn. 


Tns Oarata baring received on entbenlie copy of the beptiAmml eertifiali a 
due oonrso &om Dr. Porteotis, celled at Ibo " Cbcqnere " with thkdecB^ 
in bU pocket-book, to asKiire Jobn Giles Ihflt there naod bo DO fnttf 
bbfliede or dela; to retard the wedding. He even showed the i.iOilillii1r. 
io bis precise, eonscioatioas vaj, to John, in proof of the fad. rpc 
seeing tbe certificate, John scratchod bis bead and snid he wooU "I* 
d&n^ if be hadn't a pcapor loilto that there " in tbo lining of bis W. 
lie had indeed taken it out of bis wife's cupboard cue day after her ted, 
and pat it there becinse the hat was too tar^ for him. Sow bo raw"' 
it cbeerfnlly for inKpocLion, and tbe two papoiB being minntolj eoiepsnt 
were fooadto be identical. 

Tbe names of Thomas Brown, batehelor, and Mer^vvt W;U*Tt 
spinster, both of this parish, bobg then doly pnhllshod in ehmth ■ 
throe saocessiTe Btindays, and nobody seeing any just caaso or inifs£- 
ment why they sbould not be joined in holy raatrimony, the)- xten mnr iri; 
and a joyous peal of bolla was mng from the cburcli steeple es ifat 
walked bone Ihrouffh the meadows, attended by a party of bnmpIdaviB- 
wiabors, who dined somewhat nproarionaly aflcnrords, beiag^ Mte 
th«roto by John Giles wilb a willing mind. He soon gave tbe hnsfaial 
altogether up to them, being naturally averse to trooble, aad glad to fan 
it taken off bis bands. But nothing was ontwardiy changed at tbe i& 
Tom Brown still did his ostler's work og before. There ims not maA 
to do. The waggonara mostly broaght a truss of hay with Uiom. 
some com and ehaff ready mixed in noec-bogs. There was only 
tnmgh to fill with water every morning, and to lake oat a bong to let 
drain off at night before a freth anpply was pot in. Now end thtt 
farmer stopped bis eort going or eoming liaeb from Proningiou sxatkst 
onoe a week. But farmers' horees are petient cattle, and tbej mMsb 
repaired anytbiog be^'ond a pail, and a hendfnl of clover. The oewfy- 
married pair bad an easy life. The " Cbei]nera ' ' bad its set of steady ea« 
tomenit who come and went at regttlar boor^. The money they paid wu 
pot in the kitchen drawer, a few pence at a time, end when tho bnwir 
ciune he was pud out of it in coppers. They gained eaongh to live opM 
uud pny the uilUr, tbe all-sorts shop, aod occasionally tbe distillar; \m 



tiM<7 put QoUung bj. The; bud tliwr ows pooltiy, eggs, rnOk, b«coD, 
pork and vagetAhles. At Christmaa tfaere vu as ox kiU»d in tbe jUlBgB, 
and Ute Wake&eld folk dirtdcd it among tluu, paTing ehiefl; in kiitd or 
in vork for each portiOD. They had little ae-ei of money, and if ftbodtfle 
srmy had isTaded Esghmd, thay wonid hare had do harder task tiian In 
resolution fi% shilliagB bI WokeGeld-ln-tho-MarBb : half of them wonld 
eartainly haro be«n in pence or &rthingfl. 

Madge Beamed perfect!/ raeanoled to her lot, if Ahe had ever fiutoied 
she had reaeoo to be dissatisfied' ittth it, and at no unbeeqiieDt period of 
h«r life did she ever appear io regret her marriago. Her hoaband waa a 
eliunsy, good-temporod fellov, nho did all he eonld la please her, and she 
ruled over her boasehold, as iromen vill. in a natoral way. 

Her health came back, and her figure developed Into matronly proper- 
itotta with snch sorpristDg quickoees tiiat she aeqoired a eltaraeter tar 
great enci^ and deeisioD anumg the gossipfl of the village. 

**Thee haao'tbeenss bung a maykin' up Uiee moiiid, Madge Brown," 
said Mrs. Jmks, the hlaett smith's mother, ahoat three months after the 
wedding. " T' blial etiamger won't be tn lamg upon 'on 'a rowad, that 
'on wan't, eo I t«lla 'o e - now mark moy worrada." 

Bat t^ge happened to be btMy bangbg ont mme clothes to dry just 
then. 80 she was obliged to walk away,' aod when she camo baek made 
Mrs. Jiuks DO aosirer, hsviiig to iron an apron ; which work she evidently 
thoDr;fat admitted of do delay, iar she raked np the fire with a lood 
clattur. And thoogh Mtn. Jiuks, both then and afterwards, showed a 
liMBale desire to recur to this sabjeet, it eo chanced that SUdge had 
Always something noisy to do whenever she toiuhed npon it, thongb Mrs. 
Jinks was an old friend of hers, and Ibo womon liked each other. 

*' Wal, Madge, ye'Ii carl ma in yera trouble, won't 'ee, Madge 7 I bo 
alloB then, I be — ynnder at the large wi' Harry. Tommns have onlee 
far to pat that bed nr bis'o ool o' t' winder nnd holler. OfH com to 'es 
farst &a oold \6gfi '11 earr' me— that I well." 

Madge promised to tieod for her as soon as bor experience ahoold be 
Doeenary ; and Tom Brown also engaged the prufeauiaial BervMSB of a 
nodfeal man at Urooington. Kat oeatber Mj«. Jinks nor the doctor weio 
nnfortnnately present when the event fanpptned ; for it oconrred <]aite 
unexpestedly, to the extrvme inoreaee of the prophetic reputation of Mrs. 
Jinks, who, hearing with great delight that a man child had been bom to 
Tom Brown, prematurely, and in the night, joyfully eielaimed that she 
bad always foreeeen it ncold be a seven-monlhs' child, and bustled off 
to iMast of ber foresight and take her share of Die baby, who was tike 
all other bablea, beloro and sinoe, the oomoino property of kindly 

She biuid sheeidah Tom Brown very prood of his new dignity as a 
family man, and waildng about wiUi his hoboaited shoes off, thai "f 
oiBwlher and oLoylde shad gel » bit o' aloape," he said, with a roo^ 
tenderness. Bai Mrs. Jinks knew better what th«y wantt^d than be { and 

iteilher Tom, oor John Qiluis, who pnudd UIb tisto in vrinlmig Qfw ki 
beer in r^plj to ail mquirioB, could Bft&ly say their souls veto Uuil «R 
fur Uis naxt ten dajrs, baing dfispoticallj ruled by Mrs. Jinks. Sw bl 
nnoonscioaa]; mastered Uie theorf of penonal gOTammeai so tbosm^i^ 
tbat ndthai speech Dor thougbt vu &%e aader her. She wsa, u ^ois 
paraoiugos havo b«en and nro, the absolate mistress of an afaMdnk kii^ 
trho could ooither hear, Dor see, nor speak, anil who vas in all itcpd 
an infant with no nill of bis own. 

The two num w«ra xery glad when Madge eame dnwn again with k 
bttbj in b«r arms, and after havinjj been churched in the ciu4iai(* 
manner, vent qnietlj' ahont her daties. 

Hra. Jioks, howerer, having fairly earned her renowu as a pn^iLMs. 
vasfiilty determined not to part with it, or to sufl^ it upon anj acconlW 
become dimmed b; dUuae, and, therefore, she now predidAd, Ihst «l» 
evcr a sevca- months' cliild was born, it was a hutq eiga he ironid hsnu 
impatient temper. 


cuaptkk i. 

Sweet Williiu. 

Some diflereooe of opinion had aris^i at WBkoficld-in-tb«-Mmkt| 
all the fionefms of the parish belonged uf right to the goesipe, as I 
name which shonld he given to the seTen-mootfas' child whoas birth 1 
boeojastreeorded. Ur.Joycoyraa for baring him eslled " Be^jomia,"! 
the sexton spoke with sooio authority in ounsequBnee of liia 
with the chorchyard — a place which few English persons have 
tunid to dissociate from the Cbnrcli. Mnt. Jinks stood npon 
and dociared that it had always boon Ibo custom at Wakofield, finm] 
immemorial, to call a first child after the uumo of his graud 
John it was, and John " it did oogUt fEir to be." The 
said they might call him " Harry " too, if they Uked — a oanw which 
bad found good enough for working porpoeei ; snd these wgrthy 
bad BeiLIed the whole thing between them, when Tom Itrowo, who 
not been eunsulted, saggested it might be as weU tu aak lus wiCa tax )i0 
advioe apon the subject) ud he did so in a shy way pocuUar to hit o 
coothf aflectiooate nataro. 

" 'TwiilL be a grand cbristvuin', Madge," said Tom, toualtOM !■ 
shock head of hair, to get rid of some of his snpei^uons feeliiifcs withsd 
-noise or distorbaneo. 

Mrs. Urown, who was unusually pale and weak after bur ij-uewv, 
smiled faintly, but did not answer. Sbe only eoddled her child akav. 
ud rooked him on hot breast by an almost imperooptible mon'euent. 



PreaooUj Tom Bitivii put out his ^guitic Uianib, reiy slowly and 
nidlj*. poshiog it forward a bJur'a-broadUi at a ttm«t till it touobed tha 
mple, which wns his son's Deck. " Pratly." said Tom Brcnm. It was 

ly the Duly word of tmdoanaoDt bo Juiow j bat the hoDOBt fallow'* 
ie wna oU aglow with prido aod ploasore. 

" TamiDBC," monnared Ida wife rerj (Sfiutlj, " Tro boon a troo la&g 
tlioe, TamiDiu." 

" So tbM hast, EuAwthor ; tbere bain't no daoyua' on it." 

" Tommos," said the joung womiui, again. 

" What's your wall, Madge ? " askod ber husband, twdoriy. 

" Do 'm beleava is ^oaatM ? " sh« mqoired, with balf-doMd ayas. 

** Noa," ansverod Tom, tonzling his hair rather euergetieajly, and 
en be added ; " leastways, oot ooless tbeo dost, Madge." 

*' 'Twheer a ghoast, Tommus, I sosd t'-ooigbt; thoe didst tmdge t' 
roniston iritfa that there snmmiit writ on peoapcr." 

'* WhiMir it, mawthor ? " answered her husband in the lono in nhl^ 
le hnmoajts a child, for he had do definite ideas on the sotgect. 

" It wheor a gboast, bo itwhcer now, Tnmmna," repeated the woman, 
ore confidcQlly, and a light Mem«d to break oter her face, as UtoDgh 
te were jost relioved of something that had lain beary on ber mind. 

" Let as daodlo t' choild a hit, Msdge ? " said her hosband after a 
lib, and he opened his arms awkwardly to take the Uttle sbapelees mass 

humanity into them. Madge placed ber treasure tbere for a moment, 
it keeping anxious hold and watch orer it If it had cried or moved, sho 
jold haro snatched it away and hushed it in her bosom ; but the 
fant seemed soothed by the strong gentle touch of ils father, and put 

feeble knuckles in its eyes and smiled on him. Mother, father, and 
old were all linked together in Natore'e Own bonda by that cottage bed- 
de ; and there was a second birth of Love and Trust which bappenod 
them, coming on ijoile silently and uuperceived. 

"^Vhat will 'ee carl thy choild, Madge?" then whispered Tom 
rown. •' Mrs. Jinks do say it should bo John, Mrs. Jinks do." 

Uadge considered this proposition for some minutes, but it did not 
em to obtain fSTonr with ber, and a dreamy, ecstatic expression grew 
to her eyes while aho mused. Suddenly her fncc seemed bo smile all 
or, and hite monnared as sofUy as the cooing of a dove. 

"'Un's ueoom shall be William, Su-«/ William; be maun have no 
ber neeam bat that." Her poor ignorant, nutaoght mind, guided only 
|r mothar's lore, bod mode a short tremuloaa flight into the regions of 
imonce. Many far-off sounds and echoes linger bezplicably in the 
omor}', thongh we neror heard them ; many seem a subllo part of our 

enee. A Lady Amabel WyUlwyl had composed one of the sweetest 
Tics of the IGtb century, which remains a popular song to this day, 
d " Sweet William " is the burthen of it. It was a. onrioas coineidenoei 

I the child was eonteqaontly chnstoned William Brown. 

The rite of baptism was dnly petformcd, and the young Christian me 



ferauUx admittad ioio the fold of tha Cborch opon the IbUfmiog ft 
JobQ OiIm, tb« bUoksmitli aud Mrs- Jinks jointlj nod WTtr^jn 
the pomps uid T&nities of the world od his belialf. Mr. MovUd 
the Borriee bo Bimply and. Utachingly that Iklr. asd Mis. Bnc 
Harrj Jioki found teftm in their eyoB wbaa it was orcTf UttT* ku 
why ; bat Mm. Jinks, who came oat in great forcfl apon the a 
Docaaioo, called tbem " Malloy CawdJes," *ad indalgod {n tita i 
obstnperoiu hilarity which sceou natoraUy to aceoropuy th» 
most Bolumi OTimt of oar Utqb. 

chaiteh n. 


Kommo more was heard of the Btrang* linnt«nian, who had oi 
and slept at Uie " Chequers," since he drova off from tho roadadc 
that October moraiog; and after a whfle all recoUectioa nf hia 
away from the minda of the TilUgert) at 'Wakefield- in- the -Manli, 
romombraoce of a guest thai tarriutli but a day. 

Thomas Brown and hia wife bad a nuuerons fazoily 
William, and lived happily. Bat it was remarked thai Hadfl 
good loolu soon afler her mairiago, and that sbo bod a bad dm 
follo^tiog winter. She did not eeem to get better during the net 
spring or eommBr, and when tho cold weather oama on again i 
Tiaibly worse, She could not tell what was the m&ttcr with hit. 
felt no pain ; sho was in no immediate danger ; shu fasd only a ■ 
something baring boon lost oat of her life — an inward and ip 
emptiness — as if that were wanting to her nature whJeb coold DCTcr 
be fbond. Like a plant growing in a soil mi&vourhl>le to il« hftJI 
vigoor, she drooped and could not come to maturity, thon^ abs fif 
The Drouinglon doctor, a merry old gentleman, waa called in loi 
bat eonld not make out that thero woa anything the mattor : h ha 
mended her port-wine, which be likoi liimaolf, and sent his apprtal 
stady that " mogolar cose " (which was not siagular) " at tho * Cbe^Ofln 
ont Wakefield way," bo he said carelessly. The apprectioe 
Madge by feeling her pabo in black glorce, and looking at her thn 
pair of gold epeclaeles with Une glares, ont of whiixU he oonld 
He was a London tradesman's bod, who had a grave Mnse of 
fenional dignity. He sent ber some mixtcra and pilla of tui 
eompositioQ, in which adds and alkali were so euiiooaty nuuf[Ied, 
eork of the first supply blew off oo the road, and the bottlo, Dte«lv b 
"Xwo tablespoon&ils three times a day," arrived empty. Huso, ta 
ioioos Interest in her case, he brongbt some pills, which looked, to 3 
niitio eyes, like swan-shot, and wore said by the appronlieo, in 
langoage, to eontain iron ; but they had Inin abool »o long iu Dr. 
lorgery drawer that they had lost all virtoo, if they trot hu] any, or 

lOUSG BfitrWH*' 

tlu iron Ibejr M)nt«iit«d lud tuned nifty ftod refoaad to Ml. Tbe 
!i78id&n''f art at boBt is bat ui ezp«cisMatal idaoee : at vrorat it ii a 
game of ohance ; and oountry folk get doctored in a wiq^ which might 
id Uii! wise, if ihfif w«ra not too uueh oc«flpi«d to tliink about it, 
I Btedietnea preseiibed (h Uadge did not do her aay hann, beeansa ibo 
. not take them ; and, poasiblf for the isme reason, tbey did not do her 
' good. 80 she gr«w thinner ererr year, utd, when litUa more than 
she looked afaaoet an old woman. Coontiy pei^e gBDanllr aga 
' ibao tbe dwellen in oittee ; psrbape becaose tbe conditioDS of their 
00 tbe whole 1mm healthy, pethapi becanse they tack tbe wine of 
which ifl a nnieemant. 
Also, it happened that while the voting Browna incivased a» fut as 
atnre would permit the proef-ts of their prodnctioo to be earned on, Um 
lABS at the " CheqaorB " foil off. A cow Unt of railway betweoo 
an and Londtio woa opened, and a elation waa bmH at abont 
mile« fmm Wakefield. It did not seem to make mocb diffefiBee at 
The bnnen Towcd Uiey wonM neror sit behind a tea-kettle vlnte 
I waa a uag in England ; the waggoners and the earners crawled along 
as Tuaal fer a month or two ; bat the coaches soon stopped, and 
[ inersdibly abort spaee of time one slmme-faccd bumpkin afteranother 
o£r to Uie tea-kc(Ue, and aent his prodoee to market by the same 
irejance, tilt waj^n and earner's cart were aeen tto more. 
John Giles* niBtomera dwindled down to a few old erontea, and if fala 
had not been a copyhold, held at a peppercorn rent trom the Inrd 
the manor, be mtgfat hare been obliged to more out of it. Aa it wu, 
and hl» oonLrived to do pretty well, thoagh tbov seldom saw ailTer 
looey, and now and then my lord's agent, or the eqnire's bailifl', aa 
rode thloD{^ 'Wakefield to collect their rcnla, wondered that peofde 
loold think tbomselTes poor who had ten or twelve acres of garden and 
loW'land roond their honse and a railway-alBtioii close by. Bat 
leithor Giles nor Tom Brown had an idea at this time thst milk nnd eream, 
id eggs and batter, with tfanr rery potatoes and cabbageG, might be sent 
London at a profit. Indeed, John Siles died witfaoot bdng any better 
ilbnned. One smome^p aft«raoon be refosed bia beer wlien Madge broogbt 
to him as nana], and an bonr afterwards was fmind ^(e dead, with the 
rown jug mitoaehed before him. 

Be was Kareelj buried befi>te the lord of the nunor toned np in the 

lape of one Mr. Sharpa, a London lawyer, whom Madge iboagbt abe bad 

bafare, bot eoatd oot reeotleet where. Ur. Sfaarpe claimed a heriot, 

rhieh was in law originally a tribato given to tbe lord of tho manor on 

ion of hia ■*E"c'"B iii & war. It eoDsisted of military fomiture, or 

! horses and arms, as appears by the statntes of Cannte (c. 69), which 

haro thair than in Uie goremment of Britain : for olthoogh brds of 

lanora in England do aoi any longer ostensibly ongago in private wai&re 

in Uieirown aeeotrai (save for buMnesapnrpoees and throng «n atttfmay), 

; ilmnfbztt do not lotnal^, and as a matter of fact, require A«r gM, 

the beet hot», flow, or oz Cbal Um daeoutd tanant bad 

of, aod to cany oS Ifaa aomo acconliog to l&w for htriol tfrvict. 
ho was cnUtlAd to seize bj boriot oastom koy speoifio utielo ol i| 
or other Taloshle object od the promises. It might, and TOiy d 
bftppOD, thai th« lord of a nuuuir toight take k vaJnabla rao»-faa 
rich jewel worth more than his oopyhold; it funned also pwl 
teDaat'B eetate, on*! the law ooutts delighted exceedingly in th^ 
mioablo suits Arising out of such ptetADtiooa. Bat in the pnuonl I 
Mr. Bbarpo oul; foaiid to tha way of liva stoek a blind old hon 
saperuuiiiated cow, of which he cho8» tho latlor, remarking ttul tq 
no put of her earcosA which vas not good for somothing ; wfcl 
respect to othor goods aud chattels, the most valaabla Hitngat 
•tna Madge's large box iu which she pat her work, tt waa an oaki^ 
vluoh soanded hc^ow when stmck, though it was apparentlj taHi 
rather otuiouHly carved, with a Doko'a coronet engraved in braas ■ 
lid, aod benoath it, in Old EngU&h letters, tho initials " C. A K." { 
gave it ap rather oowiUiogly, aud transferred its coutonts to ibe I 
of a roomy chest of drawom ; not without reilectioos, wliiob bad loJ 
in her memory. As she did »o, tho cnunplod piece of paper wa 
stranger had given hor fell to the gronnd, and she know now, frol 
matare eipericace, that il was a teo-pound ooto. Sbo looked ak 
and wistfully, her coDntenanoe growing dark and dejected ; hat it I 
ap again, as it had done on that day after her conGnoment, and ahal 
her tombro thoughts, aha wrapped up the muncy rarefoUjr in a s| 
for goodlttok, potting it under lock and key. Bat she Uioagbti 
deal of this money. It was tho largsct sum she had ever seanJ 
assnmed an exa^cgerated importance in her eyes, as though it \ 
fortoDO with which something might he done, if erer tho time canu. 
there bo William's money. It shaU bide tilt he needs it," 

V* 1* ..-J • ' - - ■' • , i. J. • -_ i.^^ i__ -CI -J « • 





tbej mmM uiTtliini;, or were moved to joy or whtow. They eat 
silcQtly ikad long ; tliev inhiilcd doop breaiha of iikimmed milk, half a pint 
at a time. Tbe; appeared to haTo almosi u soloam sea» of the goodnora 
of eating, and masticated tbeb food as if they wore rnmtnating over tho 
obsomnee of a religioas otutom. Perbaps it is the nugo of saying grace 
bcforo and after meals which ofUn (ipres to oar peasantry that notable 
gravity of demeanonr vben eating; porhapa it iaraaUy an inward and 
spiritual thankBgiving for hr«ad going on in tbe hearts of those who ofteo 
hear bow hard it is to come by. 

'* Wbe«r be ower Will, mawtber ?" ashod one of tho boys, afayly docking 
his bead down and looking away while spea^g, a(l«r the manner ol 
FiDglisb poor children. 

William Brown'a mcaa was the largest and duntiest, his honk of brood 
was tbe beet buttered, and his mug, marked " A fairing from DnmingtoD,' 
was filled with new milk frctb from the cow, apon pretence that there was 
BO more skimmed milk, Ibaagh there n-os a whole panfnl in the dairy. 
Bat William himself was not at table. 

" I knows wh«er he be," cried a little girl, showing her ragged tocth 
bom ear to oar, and aaiggoring as if aba was being tioklod. 

" Wbeer bo be now, Madge ?" asked her mother, tying on the smalt 
dflmBfil's pinafore mare firmly round her plump frceklfd neek. 

" Will a been bird's- oestin' agb. and t' keeper saioe there be steel- 
traps in Bar Riebard's copses," growled a surly mtte, a^d six, bangiug 
his bead below his ehcst. 

" Hawther," sqneoked liltlo Madge, "tbeer boonrWill. Hejmnpod 
over Ibe wall and knocked daewn two lipo abbleytots," added the child, 

t " TtU^alfrdt, 

^^^E Year tangvb ihall be till," 

H yelped tbe children in ohoms, and Madge began to cry; when William 
W Brown entered, carrying three tront wrapped np in freeh crass, and the two 
apricote ho had shaken from their stalks as he vaulted OTer the garden 

He was an extraordinary hnndijome lad, not at all like bin broLbors 
and sisters. They were clnmey, Uiiek-set lonts and hoydens. He wan 
tail aod Klim and straight. Be towered as be walked with a firm elastic 
step, and his shapely head, well set opou his flat shoolders, looked roiuid 
from (dde to side with tbe airy grace of a stag. He was admirably bnih 
to endnre &tigae. His chest vna ntther deep than broad. Hie limbs hod 
not an onoeo of saperfloous flesh apon them, and were bard as iron. He 
could jnmp farther, mn faster, than any lad in the cood^ of his age. 
He wna nearly serenteen years old. bat, like most dark persons, be looked 
in early youth much older than bo was. He had IxIh mother's Coatores, 
the some deh'cately- shaped, haaghty nostrils, and large parple eyee, the 
same fbll, handsome mouth, with the drooping un&«T Vi^ ol^^^lV^'«l^A^ 




but iua hair v&a Llaek as the nven's plomt^ aad Uiere wu bO. Dt 
fiyntAMi rwcBtblancQ Liotwoiui htm and honest Tom Brown, who niai^ 
,bu iDPper with trouqciil Balisfution in u coriifir uf the olil IdleheSt iW 
his oE^ri&g vere so busy vitii mag Kud {>laU«r. 

" Hero, lather," Mid WiUiam, in ft elfiar, bold roiee, utd hasaf 
stnught befoi« him with tho feorteiu ^&noa of a yoimg oagU, " I in 
^^miiight >'oa a brace of troot for eappor, If mother will iry LbAm fat w 
hfiTs boea Cshii:^ in the mill-stniun «ith Mr. Movladj." bim, 
[^Mt«r WilliAm vns genemll; fishing of an aftemoon mtli tho Oot^vW 
taoghl him to read and wiit«, tboagb h« waa not a tot? apt «yk 
id had tulutn a deep interest In him, for reasons of which bia ZDoUmi^ 
goasMd th« veil-kept secret. 

" An thoo last vi' over parsoD, Willam, it b< arl roi^ht," 
[Xcxu Brown ; " onl; dannot go fur to get into no trobblo aloag d Sf 
icbard's keepers. Thero'a thai tbore Ur. Sharpe, Tto a 
lim as earr'd off the don cow, haa all th« bar«s coanted and •«* f | 
llo liunDOD town far fiUo, It woimut do fhr to tatcfa a hair of Uuir 
[.■Willom, boy." 

" I knocked over a puu TMtRrdaj, father, with old Moody'a 
B, bat I ga%-e it to Ned lleoTe. tho trnder-keoper, who as^ 
l|nake a killing fly for him thli taonth, and I did ; and we ai« 
AbbiUug with my ferrets some day," said the boy, gaily, 
[, "IduDDot Ray no, Willnm," answered his bthcr, patting his Isak 
Into that Hbuok head of hair of his aceording to hia woat wbaa poiM 
I f Unly do 'ee glTe that Uicer lawyer Sharpe a wide berth. Be'f a Ui 
'an* that he bo, VilUam — leastways, do offence to yoa. mj lad." 

Ihere vm a curious and probably icTolantary tone of defereno* iati* 
manner of the father towards his eldest son. Tom ftroim's piri«ad 
CoeUngB were really mingled with a good deal of inarlicalato tuAat^Am^ 
• that ho ahoold have begotten such a son ; and he often woudisred tkst i 
peven-montha' child ahoald be ao strai^t, and tall, anil atron^. 8««b- 
tenths' children, he bad heard, were generally wuak and sickly, wfaot* 
^'ilUam coold leap, alanding, orer a Gve-barrud gate, haadlo a aeyths 3 
elo¥er an if hia lithe arms were mndo of the same nteol as the bl»de d K 
The boy conld keep pace with the Clondesdalo hounds acroav eoontij, sii 
get in at the death of a fox without blov^ing au extra br««tli, or sgria^ 
a sinew, after a burst of forty minutes over hill and valloj. Qa msU 
break a thorough-bred horse, and make him, riding as the crow ISh. 
inthoat flinohiug ; aad Ned Hieorer, the DroniogtOD dealer, waa for *^ 
if^g to get hold of the boy to show his cattle veil u front, llo cseoII 
throw a wroDg-headcd colt for the farrier, and Horry Jinks nerex kR 
joite at home ia his forge without William, who passed mach time wiU 
jths blacksmith and his family, fur reasons heroiuafUir mantiot>cd. H« MiU 
fight too. and did so iJreely, knoeking his hrothen' heads together aa thoo^ 
they were sine pins, if the young bumpkins showed signs of impad««i 
or iasabonlination, and he had tatelj' thn^d a waiQQaaar, six £set hi(Eh aal 


^|Hu leal broftdi wUh extreme skill and coolaeas ; b&Ting Uken lessoiu with 

j^^n gloTOS M ui evljr period of his existence (miraiiZ* c/tV-fu) from Mr. 

u Mowlodv I In faet, the bo; waa u hold and aeUvo aa a tiou's whelp, which 

aitooisbed letiuugic Thomna lua lalhor, and filtud him with a ceapect half 

^Bomic, half touching, for ttua remarkable seven- monthe' child, who was, 

■Dcrertheless, bejrond doubt or question, bis own oSspring. , 

H The hoy promieod to pay aUention to bia father's warning, and than 

Btbe treat hanug been fried, and the sapper over, the children trooped out 

into the fields ; all of them gathenog mitoralljr rottnd William Brown «8 

ibe central figure of the group, The; stopped at Lheir aceustomed 

tryating-plaee, whtob waa a large daok-pond of couaidorable width and 

depth, with a woepiog-willow drooping over it. There were some noble 

elm and oak trees growing near in a shad; sjlviui lane, and the birds, 

rejoicing in the smnmer, Bang amidst their branches, for it still wanted two 

follhoara of sao£et. The urchins went about their games, one to his taws, 

the ether to his Blicklubnckii, whQe William Brown leaned agniost a grand 

old oak, and taking oat a clasp-knife, whieh the Cnrote had given blm 

npon his bitthda;, carred a name deeply into the baik of the tree. 


As iDtX. 

Two of bis brothers. Jack and Gill, or Giles, were swinging on a gate 
near hini , and plajing at odd and even. 'Wlien they tired of this pastime, 
Bays Jack to Gill, — 

" I wiubes as 'ow 't wbeer Sunday." 

'< Wheerfor, naew 7 " aaked Giles. 

" It be pnddeo-daj, bain't nn ? " answered Jack, laconically ; (or h« 
already felt some returns of appetite, Ibough a glistening crumb of bread* 
and-balter was still on his aether lip. 

" O) dauno," obserred Jack dubtonaly. " Oue Sunday theer wom't 
no puddon; mawlbcr she gien us goozbnrry-fule." 

"Millie," shouted Gili*8, appealing (o a higher tribooal, in hope and 
fear, *' hain't Sunday pnddon-day ? " 

"Hodonno an' be doan't keer, Willam, be doon't," remarked Jack, 
kicking the da«t up with the iron-bound toe of bia aiumpy little fool, as 
be Bwutig bis brother backwards and forwards on the gate. 

•' What do 'ee keer for, 'Willom ? " aaked Giles, olyly. 

"Mother," answered the boy, slowly, " nud the miller's old horse ho 
boo^t of OS last year." 

" Then what fur beeet thee alius ouUiu' SaQy Jtaks'a uoam upon the 
trees f I'to seed it on a matter o' six trees here about," said Giles, 

.t« and got out of roach, when the; set op ba 
like Lares. 

'When ihcj hod gono bftelc whooping ado Qio honM, 
■hot hie knife, Rod began to whiatlo vory BweoUy ui old 
" Where are yoa going to, m; pretty maid ? " 

Tb« boy whistled it all through, and then over again, the 
notes ringiiig very ploasnutly iu the atiQ «TeQing air. TbAD bo i 
his tnne for another old aong, " Whlitb and TU oorae to ibM, 
Bo had seartely got throogh the first bare of it wbon a roBjr &ae,] 
aoiniAted flower, peeped over Lho neareat hedg«, and a buxom Ut 
with milk-wbiUj teeth and round, bright^ wonderiiig eyes, 
op to him. 

•■ ^Hiat miOEOS thee to late, Sally ? '* said the boy, with 
reproach in hia voieo. 

" Motber sent me with these new-laid g^8 to yoar motfaar I 
the lent as on Monday," answered the gizi, panting, *' and I was J 
to hont for them, I can tell yon." | 

She pnt her basket onder a tree in a safe pl«e«, and tluy h| 
together, with their bttdb round each other like two children, as tbJ 
She DCetled very oloee to him, and preeontly she be^an to lecture hi] 
an apparent sense of womanly proprietorship, very grave ajid i 
•0 young and sweet a maiden. She told him he ratut not 
Itiohard's preserves, otoq to gather wild-flowers (or her ; and 
be a good boy for erer and ever. He asssred her that ho vroolj 
to be a pattern of excetlonoo in crery respect, provided sho wooM | 
promiso that they should Uyo together when Ihcy grew ap, at 
by their fathers and mothoni, and that she woidd oerer byr aoT el 
etrettmstaBco oonscnt to bo separated from him for a d&y. It 
innoeeot talk, and the boo, typo of honest, peaoefnl toil, 

om Utjj 







'T«ru oo a (umiiicr'a cvuniog, 

Th* CQm wu ripcoiDC Ifaen. 
And I had jiut rctamril from eca, 

Tlirce vojngc* aoil ten. 
We'd fonght againtt tbo ^wniuil, 

The Fnndimui and the I)wic, 
And both ny haads wen full of gohl. 

With prfwa from tbc 110111. 
I ukcd her if she would be nine : 

Sfaetmilvd; bot dion ibc lighed, 
And UiG new-born Ho|>a within ow. 

It laid It down DDd died. 
I Went Bvrajr to tern afpiin, 

I did not wjMk oo« word, 
And tbe buting of 017 own beort 

Wm llie oulj wiuid I licuil. 

My Marr ebc had ^Idcn hair, 

Ucr vytt wore tituc aail bri);lit, 
Ilvr v<:>ii.-« w&a 1i]i« tJie little liird's 

That warhW* in the ni|;bt. 
S!>e wmN tnr i>n1v trnc love, 
• '• * • • 

Tboro wcro thirty or fort; reraes more to ibe B&mc effect bofora all 
ended liapptly betiveea ibe lovers. The girl joioed ber voice to WiUiun'f, 
and their notes mingled together in a rich tenor and a clear snprAno, rtBlng 
and futUog in the sweet mouotoooas cadouees of most home-made English 
songe. The; were so occupied with their music and each other that they 
did not notice Horry Jinlis, the girl's f&thor, who now stood with his 
stalwart anus resting on the gate, and watching thorn with a pasusled, 
Ihoaghtful glancs, not quite &ee from anxiety, hat very kind and friondly ; 
ho baring fall tmst in the handsome yooog lad, and bis dan^ter. 
Presently be spoke. 

"U woo't do, Willie. It -ftTin't do. Thee hast got no brass, andtboo 
bist too young a chap logo BwcL'Uienrtiag yet awhile. Do'ee eome along 
of me, Sally 1 " 

He, Hi. Jinks, was Beality, who sent pretty Itomooce off to bed with 
B flea in herear aa osoal. It was really a pity. 

cbaftbr v. 

Parkhtil Acthority. 

Fatiikbk and mothers nsaaUy mean well by their duldren ; bat \}&k% \\tKQ 
['Jb osrtain respects an nnrortnnate resoishUnui ioldn^ uiQl <\tw,i^ta. *^ci^ 
roL. xxnu.—so, Iff-t. %« 

est liaxTj dmu, -w&o iMUt DO Hfttm (O bh amugtitcr, ^^^H 
gone on Ddver taindmg, youDg Drown 6nd the girl inB^H 
their swMUiearting in a eomruiialilfl muuior, married in doa ti 
iotU(^d at Wakefiotd-in-Ui«-MRrab. This woald cortainlj haTO I 
boet and most profitable tenuinRtion of tbc bnsineas for Umrri 
blocksmitb Had furrier of this pariah. But EogUeb people geaen 
tbe Kngliib p«&gftQtry id partioalar, appear to think that thunj 
thing wrong abont lore-trinking, uid Uiat, in the ease of their own c 
tho commeDoemcntfi of it ahoold be surlily watched and sqUo&Iti 
It is a great blonder. There wouM be ninch more joy and ptu 
world if tbo hearts of yoong folk wcra cooonraged to develo) 
aelTfls in a Datand way without ibame or concealment. The c& 
of girls are often bopeleasly mined, they bMome £al»o, cnnnisg, a 
gether abominablo creatorot, boeamo they «ro forced to bide tkcsii 
For the aame reaaoDi some boys (um ont alter reprobates. A m 
deal of nooMUM has beeo said and writWn with ft grave laoo a^ 
mairiagoB. It is alt wicked cruelty aa well aa nosMnse. Young i 
maids ean no more be forbiddt^n to tore than flowers can bo eoq 
not to blossom or trees to put forth no leavofi. It is, of eotuw, 
posEible to eut off tho bods &8 they appear and leave au -a^j 
boosts too may cat away tender foliage, bat thiE. when d< 
defitracUoQ, not coie. 

Tbo blatltsmilb'a datightor was a Tery pretty girl, xery g 
bouBewifely. She would have made an excellent helpuiato a yea) 
later, which wonld hare been qaite as soon as she or hor oncuuacix 
would haTo thought of marriago. Willintu Broun wonld have do 
as well at Wak«field-in-Lhe-KIarab us he did when dri-von away 
the blacksmith' II awkward way of taking time by tbc far«lock( 
his littb world oat of gear by tbia stolid and uuiotcUigo 
10 Curate bad taagbt him the radiments of education 


a yea) 


lave do 





' BO enUioly wanting in imaginative lxii)pen«<, that vhen lu« drawings were 
cloulj cumined it would be fbood tbnt thoy wore strict reprodactions of 
^ facta. Ho bad nettber added nor token away anytHag, bat incioly ropra- 
M acat«d bis model witb complete tidelttj. Sxtch a lad mnat infallibl; bare 
' giowD up to be somebody and something. lie wonid probablj hava 
I joinod tbe coonty yeomanry and &iat got into uotioe tbat way ; then, si be 
B had tbe fortonate gift of making frienda, and was a frank, modeat, service* 
H able yoang fellow who could da a bnndrcd handy things and was too 
BBtroBg-hoerted, as well as too good-natured, to take oQunee, Eomo ptace m 
~ the many uicbea of old England's homes would lurely have been found 
' for bin. Herit of any nsefal kind, which ia not made ap of pretence and 
■ canity or adverUaemonts, is so scaroe and prcdoas a commodify, that 
thoM who wast it are certain to seek it out and cherish and pay it baad> 
Homely. There is oo soch thing as unrewarded talent of the practical 

I sort ; from the moment it is known to be really worth something, and not 
wholly a sham, Tair fortmica follow it. All this boy wanted vraa a Etazt, 
and that tiuvcr fails any one who waits for it without losing his t«mpeT. 
No matter when or where his ataK was made be would win the race, for 

I ho would nin it amidst weU-wisbers, and no enemy wooid lay io wait to 
trip him up or set traps for him. He might have begun life as a vfllage 
Jack-of-aU-tradra; but in any case, supposing he lived the aveni^ term 
of human existence, ho would end it in wealth aod bonoor, barring 
"What a loeky thing it would have been for Harry Jinks and his 
dan^ter, if the blncksmith could have seen into the future, and lull a 
ehildiah courtship to take ila ooarae, and ripen into domestic happiness. 
But he waa as blind as we all are. Just when wo ehoold be taking our 
oleareat view, nod ko soon as a bright prospect opens before us, oar eyes 
are darkened and we cannot disoem H. Some impudent elf or spirit of 
mischiof steals round us, and ineists ou leading us oAtray, by tweaks 
And pinches, till when we ore almost too tired to more band or foot, ho 
takes OS back whence we stortod, revoals the beauties wo hare neglected 
and abandoned by the \ai<set gleams of sunset, and the last thing we bear 
*M lught closes over us is the sound of tiis scofiing laughter as to leaves 
fM duped and sorrowful. 

> Twenty yours passed away boforo WUtiam Brown spoke again to his 
< nweetheart. She was then n washerwoman at a watering-place, hav- 
ing missed her road in life, under her Catber'a careful goidance, and 
married a sot for a Euiali businoss, which went to rain, and lefl hor a 
widow with eight small ohildren at thirty years of age ; when it was too 
late for her to begin again in her own way, poor lost body. 



Curhtsb (^tat^n. 

"A 1UXD80ME bat worUileaa nation." An4 vith thoao irords 
flmnmanly diflmisfue tlie GeoTgians from his pages. 

Poor Georgians I VTitii all due rMp«ot for the great hictofin, 
cannot but feci inclined to dispato tho propnety of the l&tter cpilbit 
beatovs on them, M-era it aven For nothing else than tho oorroetniM ti\ 
■former. B«auty and goodness had ooee bat a aingia tuune, ooamm 
both in the moKt copioaa of all laDgoages, the expression of tb* 
of all minds ; and Greek philology, like Q-rBek pluiosopby, howenr )i$ 
butaslieal at times, had tha most often a true fonndatioD dscp iitti 
nature of things. la inde«d &ir without bo ofUn fonl witliin 7 or b i^ 
the onLsido fonn raLhcr moro generally a representation, a repiolaiHI 
iudoud, luid a coueoquenoo of the iiuer being? Tber« are, I aai ad 
aware, mooj mse adages to imply the eontnuy ; bnt we may noeote 
that personal beauty, rare, in all tmth, even among fromen, is jel wtf 
by far among men, tho makers of these wise adages ; and it ia ort id* 
alone that have ctilUd luiftttftinablo grapes sonr befbro now. 

Bat to leave gcncralizntious, and return to otur Oeorgians. sneli M &if 

[vo this day. Bauness, whether of the state or not, has made me aai 

lan once a looker-on among tbem, and givi>n me smple opporind^ ii 

Judging both how fur they still dcserre their hereditary repolaliett !■ 

physical beauty, and also how far they merit tho aocompUiuenfau^ ai^tdiM 

stowed on them, not only by Gibbon — who from the rery iiitimi if 

lis scope may cosily have been obliged to oontent himself oeeasfand^ 

rith comparatively scanty or sapeiGcial infonootion on some poizits— |B 

by other more special writers. 

Lsige allowance shoold be made vbea we criticise races which* o«ta( 

chiefly to a misforiune of geographical positioQ, and the dangerous tUt 

Ugoity of more nomerons and more powerful neighboturs, hare fur aaiy 

I sges reeeired and borne a foreign yoke, till ita impreas, fi>r good or evil. 

S lias been fairly stamped into their Bhoalders. Bad luck maj hare mm 

i}o do with the fact and ila eonseQaencea Uuui bad dcserring. It is is 

blame to Croatia that it in mled by Aostrian adtninistratioQ ; ner, if 

gDarnuteeu fiiil them, could Lniemboorg or Bd^om be held refpaiAl* 

wore they swaUow(.-d np in the German Empire. 'What can a little fiA 

do in the presence of a big oeo bat bo ealpn by it, and, aeoordini l> 

6ydooy Smith's wise reoommendatioa, tiy not to dioogroe with il t 

Now Qeorgio has for cenlnries past been that little &fa ; or, la nee s 
eomolicr metaphor, on onamed, JaDan, and wounded man, oror vboM 



proetnt« body Tork and Ponsiui have, gcooiatioQ afkr genoraUoo, loniibl 
tbeir flwefl frontier strife, till ItoenA eoming in g>To the dacl k Mid- 
shipman Kaay, or liiaogiilAr, chsract«r. Not, hoirovor, lUi c(|iulAtcral 
oa«, bot illastrmtJTe rather of the old axiom whtcb B«Dds the wealieflt to 
tbo wall ; Persia, nndonbtotllr tho fMiblest of the three Minbntiuits, baTing 
to give ap ber bold on Georgia oltogetber, while Turker, a little — bat 
onl; a little — atronger, maoafted to retaia a curtailed portioo or ber prey, 
of whiefa, hoirerer, the lion'a share naturally fell to the Uon of tho parti- 
tioncn, Damely Rosaia. 

With that larger share, now koown as Rossian Geor^, I bare for 
the moment nothinji; to do. It is indeed to its inhabitasta thnt Gibbon's 
aotitbetical aotice chiefly refers ; bxit they, unce the historian's time, have 
trndergone a great change, that of Raraificatioii — a. process likely in many 
ways to render them at once less worthless and leas handsomo. It is 
rather of the smaller sectioo I now woold epeok, thai yet iootnded — 
thoTiRh for how long to come may well be quesUonod — within Torkish 
limits, and hardly at all changed by tho lapse of the last ccntnrr. This 
is "GDijistan," or Tnrkish Georgia, n ooootry rarely Tisitod, and moro 
rarely described ; oren for the OBmanleoa thcmselrcs, its present masters, 
it is all but a " terra ineognila," and lo that very circmuslance it ohiofly 
oww what interest it poeaeeses. 

To a misgoTemcd and deelining Empire like that of Torkey, whero 
administration is only another name for fiscsl exaetion, and whoro the 
praMDce of the roler is ohielly made known by the diminution and decay 
of thoM h« rolsM, tho thoughts and inrestigations of the tmrollcr are apt 
to be direoto4 lo the past rather than to the preeent, to hratorioal rolics 
ntber than to aetoal life. Palestine explorations, Assyrian oxcaTations, 
Kphfisas diggings, and tho like, while they bring to view tho splendoars 
of former ages, discoTor no less the nakedness of the modem land. It is 
smoog the dwelliogfl of the dead, not of the living, that men go in qaest 
of monnmonts and bones. Indeed, of all tho rost torrilories which by 
tho grace of God, and tho forbearaoeo of neighbours, own the Rnllan's 
role, Egypt is perhaps the only one of any importance that has a present 
to speak of; and a VUlag« Lift on rAi* 'SiU, or the like, oan be read, if 
sot with the same cogemesa as a deseription of Iho Tbeban marrels, or 
the graceful relies of Philv, yet with tolerable iolerest. But when we 
flome to Syria, end even more to Amitolia, onr view is fixed wholly on tho 
past ; and tho Ottoman tent, pitched amid the ruins of a score vl shattered 
ciriUsations, only attracts oar eye by its iocongruousness with the memories 

Yot here again some local exceptions may be found : in spoU where tho 
Stambooloe foototop baa not boen deep euou^b impressed to stamp all 
lift and vigour out of the land : where something kUII remains of national 
enor^y and type, to arouse sympathy fur the present, and allow hope for 
tlw fhtore. Ono of these is Turkish Georgia, or Gmjistan. 

Refneaee to any atlas will shon that Uie extreme &OTti[v>&u!usm Vcnrs. 



oftha Ottoman Cresceat Ualf embraees Uio Black Sm on iU t&iMr ttlgii 
vblla its oater carve rests partlf on Uic aovly-dAfiaed Btuiuui bvB^ 
pAitiy OQ tho great inland tract that once iraa Anuonu. 

Ibe angle tbas formod u ouupiod by Qorjistao—^ xuuo« flxyMBf 
Hm long-maintained nationality of its inliabitanta. 

It is a noblo region i fow mwo bo. Lofty monataina, gnaaU lb 
most, intoriicctod by deep and Ka]l-wat«red vftlley* ; vast and a|^ 
foresta of oak, beedi, ebesDnt, aab, pino, and fir, all of lDxiin*itlt dto 
colossal growth ; great eveops of rich pastarc-Und ; flow«r-cnaaiU 
nteadowB, jotted v-Hh griiat Lnes, and OTwhong by peaks and pntipa 
beyond the iinaginingH of a Salvotor Rosa ; wbUo the Uion^cr al i» 
m^erfall mixes with tho eoaselua roor of tho foil torrent IWiin below ; At 
boauty of tho ApannineB and the grandeur of the Alps iu one. WbsfM 
tbo soil is ciilti^'at«d — scratched, 1 might say— thoro springs up from kt 
hnlf-wild abnndnnce of crops and CmJti com, tiarloy, vines, u^mi- 
growth ; while tho Croqoant traces of anciant boi abandonod minw M 
IB not abandoned under Ottoman mlo ?— bear witnoss to tbe wwftk if 
Butal, coppnr, zinc, iron, loail, nud silver, Ircneath tho eorfaoe. Snnrfci 
on tho towering peaks of KoikLal Dagh, near the sen, nzid of KdlM^ 
close to tbe Itnsidan irontier, each of tbem abov» twelve tbounad fcslil 
height, all tho year rottnd ; while in the gardon-Uka Telliea of UiaA 
and Showshct, immediately bolow them, tho apricot and lite pcuh i^ 
and the clustering vines only need a more skilful care to rival tkoflld 
Borgnndy or central Italy. Bice-fields and mnlboiry groTca, wben A 
I is roarod, line tho riTer-coorses. 

Sooh is the conntry throagh which I wandered Ux seTenl fwir* 

[veeks, nnrestnunod in the liberty of my way hy tho praeeription of mlfc 

'tot the best of all reasons, that not a single road exists ham ; bbI As 

f tracks, even whore ondeBerredly dignified by the name ot horw-palbs.n 

rail as nearly as possible like each other in ronghnesa, Btoepuen, nsiea' 

neBfl, and oroiy other unroadlike quality. Indeed. lur nbont hatf «■ 

rambles we had to lead our horses by the bridle : as keeping oo tte 

liacka while at snch angles, and along such razor*cdgiui aa we cosi tB Brfy 

had to traverse, was ont of tho gneKtion. 

i3ut before we lose oorselTes in the mountain labyrinlb, lei ne kill i 
Uttlo onder those green spreading walnnt trees by tho maluag walitkl 
among tho rocks, and do introductory honnnr to tho UnBo of oar lim^ 
Uer of statistics, or at least of preciaion and detiiil. 

Of the three disti-jots which compose the main of OnijialAA, one, IM 
of Ijwanch, Uca along tho lower valley of tho Great Chorok Btreem, As 
Barpasoa of Arnau ; it is the only one which enjoys the bononr of pOMs* 
ing a town, tho town of Artweon, wliich, with its eleven hnndred ImMK 
besides baths and mosqaoa, bat no schools, eUngs to the rapid liffl ifc 
slope leading down to the river, exactly at the point wbete it fint bpeonsi 
navigable for boats, some EiCty milea distant from the sea. The olbirtM 
^iittiietMt Sbowabot and AJBnk.\ia i^xrtkiai '£.>A,>AlQ^a^wft Ubad^l 



latter approaching the tottaU Tttd smnller tracts, EeBkoem bj imm« ouil 
Cborok-SoQ, beloiiging Uie one to LiwuDeii, thv otbur lo AjanUi, coinpl9t« 
Qtigulan proper ; which anmberfl in ftll About four hnndrod tQU^. utd 
two handroil Ibonsond inbftbilJuitB, malo lud fomalo. 'Whcwoew destrcLh 
taore isfonuutKm cf Uio kind, la it Dot written io the Book, tho IMuo 
Book of Coofatar RoporUi f Beck and it viil b« footid. 

" A race of men " — I qnoto once more from Gibbon — " whom natuo 
hat eaet in ber moirt perTeot mould, is degraded by povort;, ignorance, and 
VIM.** For th« inhabitADta of TnrkiBb Oeorgia this is oiijy too tme ; yet, 
aitoaied as tlwy are, it eoald hardly be otherwise. 

Poor, igDoraul, viciutu, bjuidaome Oeorgifiost I am fond of them, 
and cumot help being so ; good-lookin)*, that they certainly are, men, 
women, and children, in no ordinary do^reo ; a fair, bright complexiooed* 
tight-haired, long-haired race, tall, lilho, and with all tho moontu&Mr 
grace of bearing; cheerful, loo, conTtrstblc, flociable, thonf^h wibl, care* 
bn, ont-of-elbowa. lawless, scapofrraee ; yet snch as hayo evidently in 
tbem the making of mach better tbiogH, had they only a chance. But of 
all the bnndrod and one nationaliiieH under the Ottoman ineabae which 
has a ohance 7 The best off arc those who are the moat left to liiem- 
selvee ; and who in eonsoqaeDce, if they do not grow richer, do not at any 
rate grow moeh poorer: if they do not get better, do not either got 
eoQsidorably worse. 

Their drms is very chAracteriBtic. It is a moontain dress, admirably 
adapted to the ooontry they live in ; trowsem loose shore, bat tight-fitting 
as garters below the knee to the aoole ; and light open jackets, fancifully 
nnbroidorod and braided ; the ordinary colour Vandyke brown ; tlie staff 
itself home-made, warm, and stttrng. Their linen, too, is bome-made; 
■vary eottoge has a Bmall patch of flax belnni^og to it. Torbans are un- 
known : the bead is cuvered liy a doth hood, of the same material as the 
jacket, with two long pendant strips on either side, which at neod are 
fblded across tho chest and ronnd tlio neck, formiug an excellent " com- 
fi9irtftr"in cold weather; in warm, they axe wrapped round the hood 
itself, BO as to giro additional protection against the heat of tho sun. 
Hood and strips ore decorated with simple braid, or silver, or gold, as the 
mgfi, or oJrcumstaDeea, or TOnily uf tho wearer may direct. Koood his 
waist orerj Qcorgian wears a leather \itt\t, oflen carioutty worked with 
brass or sUtot, from which hang a gourd-shaped powder-flask, silver 
tnonnted, a little brans bottle, containing oil for the guiftock, a eompU- 
eated cord or thong, said to bo for binding possible captiren, but as DSO- 
ful in many other ways as a sehoolboy'a ball of twine ; and in the girdle 
are iavanahly stuck a long doublo-edged knife or dagger, and one or two 
ht^ silror-adoniod pistoln. In the hand or over the shoulder is a single- 
bnrraUed gun, long, bright, brass- mounted, with a flint lock; this tho 
QeorgtanDsver fitils to carry with him, and to make good use of, for he is 
an eatoaUsDt shot, and baren, wild goats, and other game, ore plenty in tho 



Vory picturesqae, too, aod cariona aro the Q«o *gii t n dnt&gbj 
Kotninnliy elnsscd in Tillafjos, bat in fact sUuding eaafa Iuhwb bIoim, tl 
oxistoucfl of a hiuulet Is only miwlo kaowa by etrny pstcfaes of raUmtiMk 
two or three spriugs and romiing cbanneli of etystal-dotf wtX&t, mt, 
Bomewfaere or other within a circuit of a few miloB, a gronp of mfait 
trees, and onder it» nbelter a large square wooden buHdiog. tha ate 
reaembling oa exaggei&tod bird-cage, the cevcB and portiooe tnUfmkf 
tbose of any ChineBO temple ; thu whole being a mosqoe, bat vadoBiili 
its most simple expresuon, vritboat minaret, apse, or adijaoct, exerpti 
lew wooden benches or trunks of trees laid horiKmtAlly neartluenlBMi. 
the ordinary mcetiDg-ptaea of counoU or goesip. The hoium, iao,m 
like the mosque iu thuir exuberance of porches, open galleziesv and om- 
hanging roof-eaves, a style of architeetore snggested bj the oaij bdltiil 
material now used, wood, from the (anndaUon posts in the groimd, tafte 
wooden shingles that do duty for ttlos on the roof. 

This was not, however, always the case ; for the wbole dtstdrt it 
jotted over high and low with the nuns of stone-built ohnrdMS ml 
eaatlefl, belonging to formor times. Xot Byzantine in any respect; At 
Georgian architecture, whether cccleMaettcal or secular, oomes iiati 
□oarer to the later Bomao, as we sco it in Bouthcm Europe, and looks ■ 
if it hud been first borrowed directly from those models, and 
developed itself with certain peculiarities of its own. 

Thus, for iuBtancB, one of the Georgian castles, that which goardi ! 

passage of the Cborok rirer at a place called Gonieh, is 

EomoQ in ontline ; «o mncb so that the best idea I can give of it, is I? 

eomporlag it with the camp-ruins now called Borough Castle, in BdUL 

^1^ it, tho long lines of wall, somo twenty feet iu height, and frost in 

to nx in thickness, enclose au opeu SQuare of abont a hnndred yaidi MCk 

iray ; only tho materials, instead of being alternate layers of roogh itSM 

[and brick, are here stone only, bat united by a eomont little or not at al 

I'Infenor to that of Roman use. The towers, too, squat ocj alfiH^ft ioM* 

^'four on each side, besides those, somewhat larger and higher, at the snfllg 

are i^uare instead of round, and in height slightly ofertop the waO. 

, Feur gates ; and over the principal one, to the weet, a Geoigiaa iasai^K 

tion, which my ignorance disqualified me from deeipheiinig; (boflghfa 

klhis the viUageis coueoled mo by saying that it was not tha qi^^mI 

one, which had been defaced by Saltan Seleem, when be uuiinuMel 

country and casUe near four centanes ago, but of recent date, and pot 

there by some private hood not long siooe. But a mora palpable ini- 

lalioQ of a Itomun fbttified camp than this stronghold 1 never nv. 

Much more incdiieTal in appearance, with its bnikeo hntlieiiisiils. 
noiTow loopholes, bortixans, and fragments of high towers, is Uia i^lpa^ 
tant fortress of Chikanzir, to give it the Georgian name which has m- 
porsedeil the more euphomuoB Iris of Arrion's time, where it Crowns frea 
its lofty storm-beaten cUlT, on thu same line of defe&Od lizrthar 
Tradition osmbes it, aa ii does Vbe tnii^imVi c& ^&ift ma:) eiwUea ia 







Bflifthboorhood, to Qq««i) Tanmr, who toldd ovor Georpria in Uio (wi^Hh 
eaDtorr, md tiho here, thej say, took rofagd when ftrttig Ironi tbo 
B5>:iiQtiQ« urms, aad mad* a brave and saixotisfal stand. IUrIotj doea 
Dot, I UeliOTC, eoofirm these dotuls ; bnt, whi«h is mneh more to Uio 
point io popolu cstiniBtioD, tho foot-print of Qiiueu Tamar herself docs. 
In fact, nt tbo haAo of the cliff, nod ocewionAlly wufibad by tbo sea wLon 
D slriiag veslerly gale drives np ilA heaped vnters on tbo eoast, I wsa 
aboun, oo a bago granite alub, deep imbedded in Lbo Baod, the iupnieil» 
clearly defined, of a naked baman foot, long and d«licate like that of a 
woman, bat deeply indented, sod of darker colour than tbo rest of the 
stone. A enrioos freak of natoro. Others will havo it that it is tho 
miraeolons memorial of a Greek or Georgian priest, fleeing from Maho- 
metan peraeonlion ; while tbo more Kcalons lifobomctans, not tobe M out- 
done, claim it a relic of nomo namelees saint of their ercod, ivbo by tho 
eflicac; of bin preacbiogs converted the neighbourhood to Islam. So all 
nnito in venerating it ; and I mys«lC «bo hftvo necu the imprcm of 
£uieied lootetopa on the Mount of Awousion, on the Saldirab of the 
MoBqne-transformcd Templo, on tho paTtfOient of the Romiin " Pomioe 
qna -nMi " near tho gate of Ban SobasUiino, and othcrB, can bear witness 
thai this one of Qaoen Tamar, thoogb by no moans the moat celebrated, 
is by Jar the best of its kind among them all, and certainly not the least 

Between those (wo stylce, the earlier or Roman, and tho htcr or 
mediiG^ Oeorgian, are aeycnd, so to epeak, traneittoo eafeUes, not 
nnlike in eonstmctinn those called Lombard iu Northern Itniy. Hero the 
principal featore is a bage sqtuire, or slightly oblong tower, fifly or sixty 
fe«t in height ; its wkIId are masKive, and pierced with small sijnare holes, 
and a window or two ; the Bnmmit crowned with large battlements. Tbo 
materials are atone, partly hewn and pariiy rough, with cement of a 
quality inferior to that nsed in the earlier buildinge. Wherever the tower 
is not rendered inaccessible by the steepness of the rock on which it is 
bvOir oat-works, divided into courts inner and outer, are added ; the walls 
are low and thick. The castle entrance is always near an angle, and 
donble, loading by n winding passage into the eoorts, bnt tbo keep itself 
hoa often no door ; tbo only admittanee boiog a window from which a 
ladder, ten or more Eeot in length conld bo Ui down or drawn up at will. 
Indeed, in one of the finest spedmeiui of this kind, which I visited 
among the wild moontaiuB of Hamdiocn, where tho Gcorj^u frontier 
touches that of the kindred, bnt hostile, Ktingrelian province of Lazistan, 
I found that the entire csstle, keep, out-works and all, could only be 
approached by a break-neok scramble over a coaple of lir-trunke, cast by 
the peasants across a chasm in tbo rook whore once a drawbridge, now 
long sinoe vanished, had probably been. The doojon towor was in Lhis 
inirtflnw about seventy foet high, nod eif^btoen square ; its position on (k 
giant {nnnacle of rock, ptemiog from among Ibu &CTiM«<K)dk%%K>'<ux&., 
whiJa the torrent river /oamod and roared hnndtcd^ ot U^i XteVfvi , '««& 

■«|~VI «<11IVB9| 

i A9 MB iUV llllimi «V iH 

by "Immii," u)d«omeof mmpftntiTelytaoenidftto. 
Utig-plao«i,balfrortnwaBS, wkicbiogeQenilapiNBnaioebaara 
KwmblRnee to tiie nuDed slcoufEhokU of tb* Rluiie, mn to tw 
-vrhcre perdied «ieh on iia abrupt or isolftted hdgbi at thm enlntiM i 
ToUoy, or OTOThnugiiig a narrow doGIo : tboir form is pictarMqpi^ 
gular ; tboir b«tU«tu«Qted wnlU, tanr«t uid tover, moTfl raiuilX 
mauiTeDein of coiutraction tluin for arclihdetani or 
Straagd apocryphnl legonds ate attached to most, nzid 
the " &[aidoQ'8 Tow«r," is a eomaiOQ appeUation. Ooe 
attnMbed my DOtioo by ths onnBuftlly oU^ut [iroporUoiu of its 
had loDg, I waa told, boeD occupied by oa **"*"^'«t 
figure Cn-quenUy in Qeorgian storifla — who, finding fa«faolf 
by saTagd besiegera, and having lout the grGat«r part of 
etipnlated for the lires of tho rcunuderj and theo ordoring 
the cafltld to bo flang open, cast herself haadlong &om the 
into tho abyss bolow, raUior than incur the dangers pecnliar I 
luriex. Name and da(«, of course, auknovm. Uore fi 
tooately more blgtorical, are tli6 talas tcdd of the grixa rain* 
Tonnd v&tcb-tovor Aiiwccn eutio looks down ovar a abear 
hundred foot perpendieolar to the nulling vnters of 
K'low. Hero, Bcarco a c«ntiirj- bnek, a UTago chief eetsbl 
whose delight it was to forco his pristmors to leap (mm tbo topi 
Poetical jostico — let ns hope jostifted in thia initancu In' 
this Georgian Adretz oa reroiviuf^ a )iimilartr«atinuut from hta 

Bat rioh 08 Owiistan is In arcliit«fltanU monomonta nf this d 
is lingniarly poor in its relioe of eedaaiaatical boildinga. Moatl 
chnrebcs h«r«aboQt8 B«em to bftv« b«en, like the mostjaes of the | 
day, cither constmciod wholly of wood or at least roofed witb 

J, and tbns to have disappBarod almoet (umnltanoonaly wiUi 



or roTind Ui» windows «o&mata of ehollow-eanKl Bnnio knots, or n eonven- 
tionftl Tio«-pftU«m. What, howcTdr, diatingoiihAS theM Goorgiui ehnrdieB, 
meh u tliej lav, horn an; othen with which I am acqwuitWd ia the Eaat, 
18 a sqoAM Mhy towor, forty or fifty f««t high, placed lil, auJ united with 
thewsBl cod, vhilA tho pHneipnl cntnr, eontrarj to Gro«k naage, ison odb 
side of tba odilleo, ho Ibut tho whole bcoTB n strong Ukeaess to as otd 
^illnge Norfolk or Huflbtk chiircli. B«]&7-tovr«r« are rtre things tfaronj^- 
oot the East, bnt whcD the; do oecar they nr« alwi^i, except in Gmjistani 
•sporated altogether £rom the main boUding, like the finmom Campaaile at 
Florence. A fine example of the kind is affcNrded by the Byzantine 
ebnreh, now a kfosqao, of St. Sophia, nt' Trebtzond, the work of the 
Emperor Mtfanal I. in the Lhirteenth reutory, where tbe eq^uaro tower, 
vitli it« open lantern a^top, ia fnll sefcoty feet in height, and stands at a 
dlitaoce of forty paacs &om the western porch. 

Of the proeoss by which this nnmennu, ambblo, and fairly intoUigent 
popuUtion was severed fttno Chrtstendom nud incorporated into Ishuii, 
no reoord NDiiiins. This mneh is certain : that a handred and fifty years 
ago, neeordiog to their own statement, and even Uter I should think, 
Jnd^og by the eomparative frei>hnet)i) of the church minn in a oUmate 
whan damp, henvy rnios and snow, and a Togetation rivaUmg Ifao Inza- 
rianee of Yuoatao eon^pire to hiulen the work of disint(>gr«tioD and decay, 
tbey were all Obristians. It In eqnally certain tbnt at tbe present day, 
Uiey are all withoat eiception Mahometans. Ko oompttlsion, no inTasion 
BTen, iB Mtlier mentioned in birtorr, or ollnded to by tradition ; and, 
which is stranger still, no eTtension of tbe Tnridsh Empire wan then 
taking ptaee eastward ; on the contrary, it waa rather lofung ground. 
Ootdd the dread of KiiEBian encroaebment, firet felt along the northern 
Oeorgtan frontier abont that time, have driven tbeeo tribes to seek closer 
■Uianco nnd protection with tbo Turkn hy means of rc-Itgious onion ? 
Possibly their ObrUtianity pat m lightly on them then as their Mabomet- 
aniam does now. Tbey themscWos have a story that a very eloqnent 
preacher, nnd holy man, oame amoog them, and converted them all to 
Islam by biu sennoiw, •• Nonseitfle," said I to a young Ooorgian beg, 
■who had told ms the talo with a very ereditable amonnt of gr&Tity, " that 
can never have been the eaase. Yod know as well as I do Ihut uo Chris- 
tian baoooies a Mahometan, nnd ritr rvrsn, except it be from fear of 
LDUninsDl danger, or hope of material advantage. Id the nlitwnce of theae, 
tba fiaasl senoons would eonvort nobody ; and as to proofs and miracles, 
yon are aware that tbe two ereeds are much on a par." He langbed, and 
answered, ■* Of conrse thoro was oomo motive of the other kind, but of 
what it was we bore no record lell." 

In fact, for about fonrtaen centories, Crom the days of Chonvoa and 
Jostiniaa, down to our own time, this mountain gronp has resembled an 
island, raood whieh the eddyiug wares of frontier war have raged atmoet 
withoat eeesiog, but have never wholly overflawed. U^.utk^u«A «.u\ 
Paiiiiaiu^ TtuAoauaa sud ityzautiuert, Ttuka aad VeTgwM aQfon, '^Asavtaa 



Mid Toriu, bavo all foaght arounJ tbem, Ktreated, or ctuupuni ; «k 
thoy, Boouro ia tUeir ftlmoGt inaccessible iab^rlntb of tmTino uiil en^ lait 
taken no moro sharo in the Btrifo oroond, than b; makinf; or rop«lllog m 
oooodonal foray ; and, whan vieiary had declared itself for the one or Ui 
other of Uioir boUigurvnt uoigfabouni, paying as little tributa and obadioa 
as possibla to their ncir mizoraiii, whoever he might t>e. 

To the Osmuilce Sultan, the " Padishah " of the Maliamdtan «acU, 
go loag as ho wuu coutvut to rale Ihcm after their ovm ftthirn. that ii, 
through the medioBi of their own horn chieiii and b«g«, tho Qeoipa 
MoBlimB vera at first attached with proper seophjtic fienrotir. Of tlui 
thoy gave repealed proof daring the many waru, or, ona nugU alaM 
b*y, the one long war, vhich from tho close of the last caatoiy to As 
middle of this, bomod or smooldorod along tho land-line, and eodad tf 
giving tho ontiro tioathcrn Caocaeiu, witii ttfl fur plaina ju^frtinii^ U 
llassian donunion. AU this time the Mahometan tieorgiaxu on the entk 
and west kept np a gnorilla warfare, lees forodoos, bat hardly )«Ma ftf- 
sistoDt, than that maint&iuod by tho Circassian trilwH on the aoat aai 
north. But when the Ottoman GoTernmont changed its tjp« from atm- 
feadal to baronncmtic, and admioifittalJOQ merged in mere organievd tmti 
extortion, with tho governing Pashas and other Stamboulee ofEeiah fardi 
agents, the old spoil of loyalty n&a broken, and Georgian eyu an m* 
more often and moro longingly turned to Xi^ than to CoostuitmoplA. 

Indeed, without a degree of provincial Utet which a peeado-edolraliaed 
government can hardly he expected to poesesi, this state of ihity vu, 
sooner or later, ineritaUe. From the noblest beg to the moauMt peaaMA 
there is hardly a Georgian trho has not relations, or at least *l»«»it^ 
under Russian rale across the fronUcr, with whom be is in cOQataat eoi- 
respondoDoe of vieila made and rotamod, and from whom ha leaz^ lh« 
transterminal existence of n slate of prosperity and pcngreu whidi Is 
casjaot bat feel contraBte bitterly with the poTerty and ignoranee to vhiA 
ho hims^, the Osmanlee subject, is condemned. For, in spite of 
{rontier-goarda, passport regnlatioiiB, and military **eordoa," antml 
iuteroonrse between Russian Geor^ and Turkish Guijislao ia rmthr* 
aad intimate ; nor does difference of creed, or, officially Bpealdiv, of 
nationality, much impair the sympathy of a common origin. *' Bbod ii 
thioker than water " with the clansmen of the cast aa with tho elaaiMM 
of the north. It is amusing enough to aaa, as I often have, a Ifnan'anitiJ 
Oaoigiau, in big clumsy boots, long-akiited eoot, and dirty 
enter the rickety bnt carpeted diran of a Mahometan kiiisoiai], 
the much more pictoreaqae, hut less laviUied-looking drees oif Asbtie^ 
faihiou, rises to embrace him. It ia Bums' CvRar and Loath orsr a^aio; 
and there is no wnnt of cordiality or respeet on either side. 

Meanwhile tho attachment of the peaaantt^' — the devotion would ts 

an Bueter word — to their, own hereditary chiefs or begs, thoogb aboni 

of their fsodal rank and moltlbi of Vtunt aiMAaVra.1 lands, is strong «s 

0fer; loifMdf Uu measorea takw \>j Che 0\.VMina.u <a<i<iwuBi.«iAk\b-' 

r oT Asiiiie" 



it, hare h«I a contrary eBftct, by tnpplyiDji a new tie betwetn aobl«B aod 
people — tbat of common diaaotislactioD. Both eluses bavo CArtainly ft 
BoffioienUj loog list of grieraaoes agaiast Uiotr bUok^coated Statabooleo 
lDagt«rf, whoie condaet is sucb that it cau oft«u bo only explained by a 
6cltlcd determtnatioo to alienate Iho aifecUons of these frontier Iribos, and 
tw drive them etiugbt into the arms of Raesia, who, for her part, is ready 
enoagb to receive them. 

A Georgian beg, one of the most influenUal in tbe land, and chief of 
an important border clan, had, aAcr mach brure gtterilla fighting against 
the Ruasiiuie in '55, at last thrown himself, with several of his followers, 
into iha besieged fortresa of Kara, and ili J hin daty manfdUy in its defenee. 
When, after the events with which all are familiar, the place Borrendeted 
to fiunine, tbo bc^— I pnrposoly abstain from names — and his men beoamo, 
of com-so, prisoners of war with the rest. Thoa they remained four or fire 
days ; bat when tbo time eauo for mareluiif; the captured ganieon off to 
Tillia, or other socuro ptuces tu tbe CaneasuB, the Oeorgioos were, on the 
eouLrary, set free ; the Russian general deolaring, with a polite gcnoroaity 
that might have been a UHeful lesson to some other generals nearer homo, 
in a more recent war, that his hostilities regarded the regnlar troops oidy ; 
and that the beg and his elanameu being irregular, be held them ood- 
combatanls, like any other peacefol inhabitants of the Turkish Empire, 
and eoDseqtieotly not liable to the penalties of war. With thin bo dis- 
missed them, disarmed of eonrse, but not even under parole, to go homo, 
or wherever else tbey might think beat 

Tbe policy, as well aa the hnmanity of this conduct in evident enongh ; 
bat it is difficult to perceive either the hunuuiity or the policy of the 
Turkish Government, which, as soon as the war was over, rewarded the 
beg's services by a fine aud imprisonmAQt, ou the ground that bo must 
bftTe been in treasonable corrDspondonee with the RusBiani. othecwiae he 
would not have met with such lenient treatmeul at their hands. 

" Upon my word," said the beg to me, " had I been minded to betray 
the country to tbo Russians, I should have had do need of underhand 
doiogv : for there was not a man unong the Ttllagera who did oot wish it, 
and I do not think the Turks could havo douo much to hinder na just 
then. But after all," he contiuuedt " I have reason to be more satis- 
fied with them than with the Russians ; for the former, at least, by shnt- 
tiog me up in prison, paid me the eompUmonl of ahowiog thai they con- 
ndarod mo a pCTSoa of some oonae^Qenoe ; whereas, I never felt so smalt 
in my life as when the Russian general told me to go free, without doing 
me the honour of sending mo under guard to Tiflis, and evidently implied 
that h* did not care either for my havlug funght against him, or whether 
I might not fight again in the fotnro." 

Iiet ns pay this gcDtloman—nobl&man 1 moon — a visit, and eoo how 
bo lives in the meanwhile. 

It is mild sommer, and the beg bae left lua itxiA/a xbvAvMM. \vi ^!Kkb 
thick woods!, kudo twain miles distant firom the BoMiui ^Qtiu«t,vu\'u& 



fp>ao» u his wont is, to pan tb« hoU«r taonths of tfao year tinds mpm 
amid lh« mouutaia pastnreE 'bejcmd the ptoe taog», wbaro at • bai^ fi 
belwew agbt and nioa thousAQd fed sbovo the bm — hi« wiat«r boMi ii 
at Uift iiiod«rato oleration of futir thonsBod — ho looks aiicr tiU hboMM 
herds, atul bolda a Idod of op«D court, niucb frti(]uoutiMl by kU Ibo (AM 
firoDi the districts aroDttd, tu and Do&r. \V«, his Tisitors, ant a biry 
pftrtv, begfl, nghftfl, and "delikana," or " wild-Wooda," i.*-. iiJtmf 
jonng baebalorS) lomcparaQwrgisa.otberabalf-OeoisMn balf-ToilMMni 
bf noe. As we ride np Uid steep grusy alopes I notic«» si • bafj^rf 
more Uum s«Taa thoDsaQd feet, vhoro ovco the July air blows IkmbK, «i 
wboro DO poasaat dow would Teotore to winter it from Oolobtr in kf^ 
tbo niios, <Hr traees rAlber, of two Inrgo villagefl, aod a Btono ebanh,a 
indiflfttion amonf^, I regret to say, many similar, that tho elimats of Ibas 
mgioQK — 08, 1 bolioTO, of »imo otbor loogitudes— has grudaaUv bat aotabb 
coded daring tbe last few centuries ; tboaj^h whether froin a p^ioi 
diminntioD of solar heat. neeordinjC; to Professor Tbomaon'e alan^ 
tbooiy, to enlmioato in tbe rcalizatioQ of Byron's gbrnMy drasB. « 
wbetber owing to some traiispositions of land and sea in oar Xortba 
hamispbero, to take Ljell's more oonsolator; view of tbo matter, 1 4e Bit 
pfebood to decide. 

At lost wo have reaohod the top ; the brink nir, so diflnrptit from IbU 
of tho heated vulleyti below, has id a oiftDiier intoxicated onr boracs, <rtia 
iaatoad of showing wmriness after so bard a olimb, ore sqnoAliag, Mi;^ 
ing, rearing, bounding ; it is all tb^ ridais can do to boM (luai a. 
Bofora spreads a wide ondalating tal>le-1nnd ; it reaches tor wSb» tai 
Biiles awa;, till it slopes off eastward into Bnsman Georgia, and wwgtrvi 
■inks into tfao hollows of ^howHhet, whore dwell theloTclicst. bat oMtki 
ansfeorest women, and tbo baodsomest. bat not tbe most virtnau'Beat' 
QiaotgiBB race. For north, its downward dip is clothed with forsal lo ^ 
, Jerer-stricbeQ coast of the Blsck Sea. Bat right in front of tt9 is a iMi 

;o and block, with tbrpo or four smaller teats on a row beluttd ; lbs* 
are evidently for women, attoodsnts, and domestic life, wiulo tb« large ass 
is the "salamlik," or goDotal parlor, of tho beg himself. Qolis k^ 
a littla granite ridge cuts kntfu'tiko through tbo tnrf; and from mukf H 
woUs oat a Fpriug uf water, crystal clem-, and icy cold. 

Tho beg, wboid anesstral poucssions nqoal in extonl T Ipoaliiiiirr 
at Icftst, and whoflo word o^-on now. lot who may bo tbe oflirjal gtfwstf. 
is lawOTortbe wbule frontier land, rtseK mid com«H fofwanl to gnti h* 
gOiatAi' 'What a splendid hond^e has. I have seen something uf Iki 
kind among the damigodH of Greco-Roman BCQlplurc. Adraoobigage IM 
deprived his form of Uiu supple activity wliicb gare it a groee ramaikaUt 
oven among litHtrgianit in youth, bat has hardly dimininh^d his poaaiflBfcv 
hoKomannhip and every form of bodily exureise. To this ha aUs 
degree of mecbanieitl skill that a trainvd workman might eur^. Fas 
fri*vii liri liimsolf, 'OBMsisfcail, wmii«(«i.iA.t\T<'ft tkV ■ '' " 
bimiia. Had biJt ; (or flDotber k v*^ ^^ yikWW. ^^- 



oUnooot. ThoQ h« sets U work on the cooBtnietion of a uUing-lMMt, uid 
wtton finiBhed, Mils it od a cmiso of dissovei^ all orer Ifaa gKot moim- 
Uia Uke or CluIJer, close by, iOuadiaK ^twjwhtn to d«tonaiQO what the 
retl depth of the waur, commoDly aaid to be nnfttthomable (bnt he fonnd 
ti, OB be told mo, tvontyBoTen fathonu at most), may to ; and vbetbar 
the triditJoiial dtj, saidtobeflabme^«db«ii««th, isreailjtben. Beatdaa 
these amaBoments como inning, bmldioj;, plaotmi;, shee|>-b»ediiig, 
cattle- teodiiig, horee-reiuiiig, and evOB-^io which ha has doua wooden^ 
road-maldog : and jet , vanoas a« tb»co oocapatioofl are, tho rfisott Mm&es 
the common sayisj; aboQt Bach attompts, b,r proTiog him master, not of 
DOO0, but of all. Lastly bs is — be the nominal OoTanior of Osmantea 
«t«alioD who bo ma; — the ultimate trtbmial of ^tpeal throaghoot the whole 
«utsro half of GoijistiLn; the arbiter of disputes, director of eoanetlv, 
■oeial and {lolitieal head of the little nalioo. 

Begs and not-begs, noble, geuUe, or simple, we are seated in the 
tent ; ita han^ngs are of aillc, beantifnlly cmhroiderod. and stall bright in 
colonr, the youthful labour of the chief e aunt, who diud a fav years nnoa 
at the respootable agi> of tiinety, or tliereabontfl. Coflee it sorred ronnd 
fbr form's aako; then wino, spiritB, and a sort of fmit-loocheon appear; 
and with a lontark that " a tent is liberty-hall, and there is nothing to 
hinder oar ciyojiog oarielvefi as we choose," the Bog sets the example of 
jollity in word and docd. la rush half-ii-dozen ehilflren, four boya nnj 
two giile, one of tho tatter a real beaolv, theu agoa between fiftoeu and 
five ; these are tho yonnger ooee of the beg'a nnmeroos family ; the elder 
80IUI ore looking after tba farma eleewbore. The biggest of the boys bore 
pneoni, a (air eurly>bended lad, takee up at his father's orders, a book of 
Pereian poetry, and begina translating it off into fluent Turkish : I hope 
tho version is a correct one ; if not. I cannot tuctify it. Two other 
pretty boys perfono a clarionet dnei. on iustrnmonte of their father's 
making, selecting an English air — at leoet they tdt me it is ono — in my 
honour ; while the smallest imp turns somersets, stands oo his bend, and 
goes thnugh other gymnastic feats. The girls 8it on their htther's knees, 
or tsAse foch of the guests as tbey are familiar with. Other risitorB drop 
is, aomo on bnsinees^ some on amosemcnt ; the day goes merrily by. 
But before the laid slant sunbeams baro died oS the height, a hoge 
wood-fire is lighted before the entraneo of tho tent, a necessary preeanlJaB 
agsinRt the keen oold uutside ; a pluDtiful supper is served ; and drinking, 
with talk arid mumc, nisomed till midnight. Georgian ftlahometaniiou is 
not rery deep In the grain ; besidos the event, coming sooner or later, of 
Busman anuoxation, has already east its shadow bof<H'o. 

Yet oar host, and sereral others now under the same oanvas, fon^ 
bravely, and adTentnred freely tho livcB wbi(^b many of their kinsmen losti 
on the Turkish side, fifteen years ago. Now not one uf them would draw 
a swotd. " We mean to look en and enjoy the fon," my they, when 
<]Ucstioued oe to the pnrt they wonld lake wero ftno\!tiei viu \a \ftfi^ wi\. 
iwltufoo the ompiros. Perhaps this might uol icaU'j ^tonq ^^u?it ^ma <A 



eoodnot, if pal to Uio Usl, for men do not alwajB keep to what tltey fam 
forecMt nh«n Ihe ctists aelajd]; ootaes ; bnt there is do doobt tlul t^M 
wonls do very eomoiXj ram np their preflent fooliiig. 

Jutleed it woald he hard to euy why thej Bboald think or Ik) 
differently. The Ottoman Government has iakon nwaj their put, mA 
oflers them no hopeful futitre. Beaidee, how abstain from eo mp i ri n 
their own condition with that of their kinsmea on th« other Bido of tk 
frontier close at blind ? The contrast is saggostive and sodoetire in ooe. 

" Well, about m;solf I do not caro bo moth," mye tho Leg, u iS« 
long talk w« itat, surroonded by horizontal alMpbg figviea m the nl 
glare of tho hoapfid wood embers by the door; " mj caro«r hu fnHtj 
well wound itsolf np ; bnt what on oarth am J to do with thosa boji «f 
mine ? The estate is not moch, hardly enough u mattM* go for Iht 
elder ones; tbo rest woiUd bccomo mora peaMnts, no bettar than then 
arotmd them. Trade ? That is not in oar lino ; wd know nothing ibs^ 
it ; boeides, there is nooo hero of ooy kind. Xbe army f the naT^f yaa 
know wfa»t tho average mn of officers is in the Ottoman oervioa ; hi^Jii^ 
my children, becaaso thoy ore mine, wonld be iQ looked on, mii|iMii4 
kept back in every way. How oven am I to give them a deeoni •lDe»> 
tion 7 where put them to school P At Constantinople ?— I wonM tliktf 
see them dead than exposed to the chanee, the certainty, of tha taial ■( 
Osmanlee rice to that city. And if not at ConBtantiaople, vbsttf 
Yoa will allow," ho concluded, with & kind of langb, "that the poailki 
of a Ooorgiau uoblo in the Torkish Empire is a pleaeaot one ; very." 

M the chiefs, so the people. And it is for this reason that I hsM 
dwelt Boinewb&t at length on the fortunes, ways, and words of an iwlm- 
dual ; boeause, with no great modification, th^ are not only pcncul brt 
gunormi ; and one may, to a certain extent, be taken as sample of bB. 

The Georgians are fond of agricnltoral labour of every kind* sal 
gkiUol at it ; and with a temperate climate, averaging that of osaW 
Italy, and a fertile soil, there in notbiug, except the fatal adminlstaifiK 
blight, that renders all landed prop«rty in Tnrkoy nnpiodnotive and alaMt 
valaelees. to hinder Gnijistao from rivalling or even exeellisg the tnaHA 
oess of Imeritis and the gardens of Katais, But what most distlagnUai 
them is their skill in handicraft. Gnns, pistols, aworda, dsaets, 
embroidoiy, stlvor-work, tho slaple arUclos of manufacturo amnng a ••■>■ 
barbaroaa p*!oplo~for all those Georgia holds the Grst rank in tfci 
Anatolian market ; and tho prtmitiTO simplici^ of the toola employid 
enhances the cunning of tho worlur's hand. Pity that it aboiild net 
oftoDar ocenpy itself with more ascfal objects ; bat this defect, rigkUy 
trndentood, is not so mnch attributable to the ortificeiB at to tMr 
sorroundings. Ilat for trade and eommeroe the Qoorgiona abnr so 
sptitnde, not even for shopkeepiof; ; and the few shops — I do not thmk 
there aro two hundred througbout all tho riUagee — in Gmjictas tn 
ioTMAhly kept by str&ngetit, tao«\]i7 ivnacmuAt "wXw ^ooa far a Av 
jDontiu ot vpecoUtiTe profit, aniV iVen ^ vvv;! »4j;ua. 

Nor hAve ihaj — and tiua is o( good atigat7 for IbcorproeiMetaoreiTi]- 
iQ — t&j tam for a putonl Ufo ; Uieir flocks nnd berdfl are iodeed 
OQongh OD Uw grusy mouaUin ilopo», bat thtj are invariably 
landed b; hired Koordos. Tho Goergians haTO maoy of tha iuEtuictB of 
Uod, aoae of tboM proper to a nomado race. 
Booiol, fond of dmaa and ahow, of song and dance, of gatfacringi and 
merrj-makiDge, of drinli, too. and, I regrat to aajr, of gumbUog, thay are 
Init iDdifiereut, tlkoagb proseljto Mahometans, and the " reTiTal," ao 
narked in its inereosing intensitv amonR the Arab, the Indian, and, to a 
certain extent, among the Turkisb and Turkoman raeea, has little or no 
oxiatenee in QtuiialaD. Perhaps too tbey feci the eraiitaalitr of re-ooion 
under Rnasian sway to thoir Christian kinsmen aeroea the border, too near 
a probability to allow of modi seal for, so far aa they in partiealar aro 
eoDBOtned. tbo daeaying fortunes of Islam. " We onrselTas ibaU lire and 
die Mtibometans, bat our children may bcfome wbatcrcr saits them beat," 
IB a eommoD saying among them. It is also, so fiir aa I know, pecnltar 
to them among MosUmi ; certainly, I nenr beard the like of it elaewbere. 
The &« UoUbj), Mofteea, and tbelika in Qurjistan liUigea are, like the 
shi^keepera from without, generally from the more eAraeai Bea-eoaet of 
Laastao. or the bigoted oeigbbotuhood of Trebii:ond. 

Of GeoT^iaa morality, in the strict sense of the word, ' ' least said^ " it, 
I fear, " sooneet mended." Little indeed, among a people so aitnated, 
ooold b« looked for, and little is to be fooud. While the men aro 
habilnally out in tho Gelda, or clamberiDg the tail beeeb^lrees to look after 
their Cbvoorile bee-biTBg — the honey of Onijistan is first-rate — niebad 
high ap in aome forked branch among the palo green ahadee, the women at 
borne have it all tbetr own way, and it is too often the broad one. Not 
rarely too these, what we may charitably term faults, coming in collision 
with justly HTOuaed jealousy, reanit in tragic crime. Many iiisttuicee, 
Dftodlen lo repeat horo, were told ma. In one -village an entire family 
bad been extemunated : in another, the brothers of tho faitblesa wife, after 
fotally aveoging the family disgrace, bad turned brigands. This featore 
of Gaoripan obaraetar haa faowerer not only its bbick, bnt, such is homan 
nature, ite brighter side ; a rank waed crop may gira hope of a froitfiil 
soil beneath; a polished marble stsb more often covers dry bones oely. 
Beaidee, law there is none to speak of, and erery man, every man- 
eluld even, is armed. Schools, too, except a very few— a dozen at most 
throogbout the whole breadth of the land— of the most primary kind, do 
not here exiit, and there are no teachers in Garjiiitan but Need and 
Paseion. no leaaooa taoght bat tfao spade, the sickle, Ibu loom, the forge, 
the knife, and the «Ter*Ioad«d gnn. Aa for Government — the official or 
Ottoman Goremment, I meon^it reeogniaos no obligation towardH its 
Oeoigian nlifeeta, except that of taxing them, and coUocting their taxes ; 
a diffienlt task the last, it most be allowed, in motutains like theoe, where 
armad oolleabora have generally to bo sent for Uu work^ and whence they 
do Dot always retoni. 



It is Moar to pall dowu tbu to bnilil ap, to dMtroy tlu 
' LatteT'dK)* Saltans baro brokoo the links, clonisy ott«8 it mas< 
'jeieffoetiTO, which bonnd soeietj iogotber aoder tboflemi-fedt)>Iatttifli^ 
of the local b^i, aad have BobHtitated nothing bat tax-gatbaroi el 
titbe-coUoctorsiii their stead. Only in out-of'tbe-wnj fn>Dti«r dMcti 
like Gorjiitan, far from Conatantinoplo, and almoflt inacc^iBibl* lA 0* 
offiiOBl Effeiid«0 tribe, eomathbp; of tha old adtntQiBtratton yrt Esfjora, 
poirarleM lor good, pow«rfal for eril. Shorn of lands, ircaJtli, tillf, ai 
0TC4pt vhat tho babitoal rMpMt of tho peaunta may •till iMm 
liim, posiUoD, a Geor^aii beg is mocb too vealt to eofliptl ttie. 
though oftoQ strong ooough to oxoito distorbanee ; eoSarea fho bv b 
euiaot, break it ho eon, and do«s. H«»ditaiy riv&lriea, rillagfr-irafc 
robboriest kidnapping, murders, all bare here, as cbaziMi or elreaattait 
may diroet, almost onrMlrainod seopo; tbo Oltaman. or fltinTwIi 
Government eatittot put thorn do-wn, and tli«re is so other sslbsifff 
powiir left to do it. In fact, when one wanders tbrongh tb«se Uticbt- 
tangled paths, docp glens, loocly dcfilce, and dark forpote, ozw waaAa^ 
not that Aev^M of viotcnco and blood nre tiumetiniM douo, but thai thrrir 
not more froqnent ; not that Guijit-tau tniTctUog Is ronsiderod 
Bomo, but that it is possibU. 

This is, howflver, ehicdy among the nati*«9 ther-- ' — ; a 

has little to Caar, a Enropean least of all. Tbc hosj l^-mo 

is always to be bad for tho asking — in ono hanilot. OEuail y iuptie^ a fcsC 

[■of safb-oondoet as far aa the noxt, and so on to the «tid of ths JoanM^; 

f And Eonqiean wayfarers in particBlnr are covered by the sr^is of a i^- 

, iary fear of nfl«r*eai]iunoe, and penalties all the more droaded het^ 


In (act, daring my long rtnings in Oaijistan propttr, ray own pMiaal 

, •xperienoe only records one adrotitare of tho robbsr or brigand daa; I 

' moan, in whioh I fell in with snob. It was in the Ajarafa regiosit tb 

rwildest comor of this wild land ; and if I rceord it, I do »o bAonw lb 

•itoation, though it was not exactly pleasant at the moment, ^ntM iaUstiij 

piotoresqae ; so pietoresque indeed aa almost to neutralize any diaagrsctUt 

Bonsatiaas that the beident might otherwise hsTO oaased. 

The TaDsy was sneb a lovely one ; high moontaiB walla (oirariBg ^ 
' to tho sky in a msma of fir and beech above, uid thick oodergrowtli bdo*< 
' all in the fdllast, brightest lea&ge of snmmer, bat now daziteniag «tt 
tho first tran^iaiont shadows of s calm smnmsr ereniDg, and tfaa nfsl 
twilight of tbe Bonth. The futh, narrow and rough, led aloiwmlt rf* 
'iommt, till it oame to a corner ronnd a jatting mass of roek, what 
uotber large nod deop mountaia etrQum orossod it Irom tho right, whb 
between predpioe and wat«r a eJnmp of hnge walnat tree* spread o«l tbot 
w)d« brsnohes. and deepened the ^oom of the glen. A spot of wqaUk 
beanty ; bat one in which it was awkward to figbi, and inniniBnila lo try 
rnnning away. 

We bud yet half an tionr oi ao lo ^o Vtoift v« unSA Toaofa th* tOi^ 



len ve iateudetl balling tot lb* m^ ; bat, endumted irith the soeoQ 
arotmd> I was riding slowly, vitb &n omed aUendnat, a Trabizoodiui, in 
front, and a eoapio af cegroes, with a natiTe peasaatt to bring op the roar. 
But just as w« tnrnetl the rock, lb« thttngbt strucV ma, *' Wh«t a BpUbdkl 
poet for aa amboab 1 " and at the same inBtAnt my horse — a Tarkoroan 
bay — rtait«di aaaSed uneasily about him^ and voold have stopped. I 
urged bim forward, but with diffioaltf. Soddeofy two men, droMod in 
connbry ololli of that nodyke-faroTn eolonr wbieb of ail others is the 
least distiogaiibable at a dirtapce amoDg open-air objects, atoried up ngbt 
in bronti each preaeottng a Bhiniog long-barrelled gun, white two others 
■imnlUneoosly appeared, like toy fignrea sot loose by a spring, from 
HBong Qw boabaa alongndo, and a third pair as promptly took post oii 
Uw Author bank of the torrent opposite, thna making nx long gons, and 
all levaUed, not to mention knirei and ptatols, of whieb each man luid a 
prstty little arsBnal in his girdlo. 1 

One of tbo men, a fine toll yoong fellow, aa indeed tb^ all SMmed, 
eamo up to my Tcebizondian grurd in advance, and took hold of his 
bridle ; another approaahed ma, bat obsermip that 1 pat iny band on a 
knifu in my 1>olt, fell back; perhaps be thonght 1 was going to draw 
a pistol, whi«h would certainly haTe been the better weapon, bat in bet I 
bad anno about mo, Hnwerer, tfaa Trebizondian had, only bo was too mnoh 
bighteaed to ttM it, and, like a fool and a coward as be wan, began to 
kparlaj. This of coarse encotiraged tbo would-be robbers, who now closed 
thh and matten began to look aerions, wfaen tiio two negnna, who now 
osBko np firom behind the roek, perceiving that lometbing wae wrong, 
■pnrred forward, one with a platol in hand, the other with a largo drawn 
knife, and shoaLed ont au saTagely, that the Georf^ans, talun by sorpnao, 
fi^ back. W<) were now foar — five indeed, reckoning oar peasant gaide, 
L btti ho, ibongh armed, Beemed inclined to keep ont of the way, a friendly 
f neutral, of all characters the most proroking to combnlanU. However, 
three of oa bad arms ready, and appeared inclined to nse them ; the 
Trebizondian, too, b^^ to plack np heart, and grow fierce. Hereon oar 
aflsailaota gave np, and retired into the thicket, leaving tbo ford opou. 
That they might better eee how litllo account wo made of them, I called 
to them to stop, and asked bow far it was yet to ancb and such a village, 
and whether we were on the right way. Two of them tomod roond, 
with villaiomuilr solky facea, then thongbt better of it, and saying "All 
right, not far on," barricd off after their companions. By thin time night 
was setting in, and in a few minntea more it was qaite dork. Jt'ortonately 
oomo peaaantd of the hamlet we were going to having heard somehow or 
other of ottr approach, coma to meet ub with flariog pino-torchc«, and 
piloted us to onr lodgings, which ebe we might bare hiul »ome diffiootty 
in finding. 

" It was all a mtatake ; if the kds had known who yoa wore they 
wooJd nevar have meddled with yoa," was the apologetic remark of oar 
fbot t that nig^t. I think bo ira« right : anyhow Ou>iM^ \ iramui^ ^ 



forlnigbt moro Bcnuubliog up ftad down the Ajarah glona, and fell i& «& 
pIoDly of armed peasant bauds, oone of them ttgain formed. Ihwiiirlwi 
into so s«cDic ft group fts that which gavo soch a poeoliaxiy 
dianeter to the wild ralloy io the still aommer twilight. 

Too TDucb stress, howerer, tibotJd not be laid on defeetx which 
accidcDlal in a people, and the resalt rather of cirramBtances thaa tf 
inherent dispoeitioo. An iU-govemed frontier will soldom bo fotnxl fit* 
from brigAndage ; nor can mach respect to law be exp«cted wbent !» ik 
in a genera] way, eiioaUy nnpromnlf^ted and nDonforeod. To rereri. Ml 
for proof's salw, bat tUostration, to a nmiJe already employed, the vj 
abandanee of the weed-growth in the Georgian charaoter. Beems to wbbhI 
the hope of a fraitfai and betlor crop, were the soil properly tilled al 
guarded. Something of the kind — moch, indeed, by oompuiaon — In 
already taken place in the neighbouring and kindred HiueO'OeofpM 
provinces of Imeritia and Gonrol. And coold the great and iaaifj 
historian of the Dfclinf and Fall hare added persoaal aoqtiuntAnea nik 
the inhabitants of Turkish Gnijistan to historical reeearcb, ba wevU, 1 
think, while eonfinmng the epithet of "handsome," b^Te, with w^ 
oibieed, or at least modified, that of " worthless." 

Indeed, thongh certainly little disposed to close with the inrttatioe— 
one so often made in half-sarago coontries, and to me ahmys wal 
nulaneboly, becanso, like the ragno dutch of the drowning naia si Im 
U»n a straw — to remiun and take np my abode among tbem, yet wtel 
qoitted the Georgians and tboir land it was with something of repel, sdI 
more of pity. Fortune has used them hardly in the past, and their foto 
is at best doubtful. In " PromeUins Unboond " Sbdiey's Asia is bopAI 
as bir ; and the fairest or her children ooght, were the noble day-^«Mi 
. of the poet anything bat a dream, to be of right the most hopefiol lim. 
Bnl truer, I (ear, though sadder is the Spirit that speaks by tbc ■■■ 
voice io a later dream that has, for the Ottoman Empire in Ai^ ■§ it 
Eorope, ■ much wider application than the "Hellas" of which it btso 
the oatne. 

Ob cnw I moBt hsM bdiI death niura T 
C«NM ! mtut mcD kill and dis ? 

Ciau I drmin not to Ihr Unjgt the am 
or biltcr propliecj I 

Hk worM it weary of the p**t— 

Oh night it die or rut at last. 

w. o. p. 


Htlns from iht gloon. 

Tnv Etrl of Bosm, to Those lather the world owes the tel^Bcope whieb 
> turns lis giant eye gkywards firom its andorgroiuid homo at ParsoDitoiri), 
baa receutl; poblislied, in tbe Bitk«rija) Leotur« of tb« iloyul Society, the 
revults of bia saoceMful efforts to mcMore the moon's beat. It is not 
onr pnrpoBO to eonuder Bpccially Lord Roase's roMuaheSt which are 
indeod of Boeb a nature aa to be UtUe soiled for th«M pe^. We pro- 
pose rather to avail oarseWea of tbe atteotios jnst now directed to onr 
satellite, in order to discuss some of the must remarkable and interosliDg 
facta wbicb bare beeo learoijd respecting tbe moon, and especially of 
tbose which are least likely to be familiar to the general reader. Bat 
ire cannot refrain from touching on a strange though not onezpeeled 
roflolt which foUows from Lord Roase'a rewarohe*. The cold, pale 

XQOOD, that 

Climtu Uie Kkf 
So silently and with bo wu a &ce, 

has been sbewn to be ia roslity so warm, that no eraatnn living oo oar 
earth conld ondnrc contact with that heated sorfaco. Tbe middle of the 
diso of tbe " white full mocm " is hotter tban boiling water. It has tbns 
been tbe &te of science jet onco again to destroy an illusion which had 
for agea snggeeted a f&voorito poetical image. Poets will continue, 
indeed, to sing of tbo cold moon. 

Chute u ilie Ictcla 
Thst'a curded bj Uio front from piuwl iiuiw. 
And hao^i un Dinn'a teiD[>le ; 

bnt to tbo student of astronomy the coutrast between tbe poet's fancy and 
tbe reality will mar tbe imagery. 

Tho mooD in her Hoientifie aspect has been tnffieiently coy. howoTar. 
Kotwithstaodiug her neameBS and the seemin^y foTournble conditions 
nndor which we study her, very much less has been diticoTercd respecting 
ber tban was anticipated when Galileo first observed 
ImagtQcd Ud<1« and regiom in Iter wh. 

Sbe remains in many respects a mystery to os. We see little in her 
itraetnro or aspect thai ia intelligible. ^leTortheleas, what has been 
learned is fall of intarasi, even in ita very straogL-nsss, and in tho per- 
plexing problems which it saggesta for our consideration. 



Every oos proballj knows Uiat iUe moou is netuiy 240,000 mill 
firam tho eaitii ; that she Ib about 2,100 milos io diAznetcr, (whkliilbii 
Uum the flurth'e dimmetcr, alioat aa lOD is Icsa titan 807) ; that tho m^ 
rarioM exceeds hers about 18^ iliaes, while the earth's toIuxog exeesd^Q* 
mooo'i about 49^ times. If to this ve add that tho tnoOD is madtof ■■*- 
vhal lighter materiitl, or, to speak moro exaoUjr, that her msnn ilsiMJIf ■ 
somewhat less than the earth's, so that the oarth oxcoeda her 81 tiMi ii 
mofls or gouititf of matter, vo have iDdicatc<l the principal eireaaiSKm 
vbieh efasraeUmse the moon's globe w eomparod with the earth's. Vtdrf 
have a word or two to add preseuU.r. however, about her probable sbfii 
Ws eommonlf regard Uta uooo as a aataltita of tha eai11t.«i« 
■ra taoght at school and io our loxt-books, that whilo the earth knk 
roond the sun, tho mooo travels rocmd the earth. Bat in reaUkjr ii»k 
orrooeoae, or is at least saggesUve of error. Tho moon oo^t Is h 
ngarded as a oompaoion pl&nct, travelling with the oartb *nMmd ti*^ 
33io distioetion is not at all a fanciful one. Tho eaith is not Iba b4 
bose foroe the moon diiedy ob^. On the eontnuj, ahe is tUn^ 
than twice as stmn^j by the son. If tha smtianH ai the osiftas 
Imoon Mold be watched from some (ar-distaot statndpoiat, tltt obaaMi 
|tmoTements noold by do meona sti^^est the Idea that tJw naok v 
circling ronnd tho earth ; and in fact, if tho earth yraro concealed &■ 
-visw while her satellite was thus watobod, the moon wonld appivfc 
circuit round tho sna in kd orbit which could oot be distinginafasd. &■ 
that which the caiih herself pursues. It is only from our earth u i 
standpoint that the moon seems to have the carih as tlio eentn noiA 
^T which she Irarels ; and to shew bo«- readDy we msT be dsteiTtd '■bP 
▼iewing an; celestial hodj*, we need onlj remember that, aa Man ta 
rlho earth, ereu the eon seems to have her as tho ccatre of his 
'•It is well to know the tme natare of the moon in this roepoai; 
whon, instood of regarding her as morelj a sabeUite or attoadant vfoa Ai 
earth, wo regard her as a eompouion planot — the losst of tlie ann's in* 
funilj of pUneta — we perceive that io studying her we am mahinij 1 1 
step towards the knowledge of other worlds than omrs. 

The moBt etHking feature in the moon's tclescopio aspoet II 

vooderfnlly disturbed condition of ber surface. lier Uce is aeured ad 

pitted all over : nay, this bat fnintly expresses her eoaditJiMi, unce 

nno can examine the moon carefully with soitablo telascopie puwnr, -vii 

^oot being impressed by tho connetion that she has, so tu ^cak, ^aaf 

LBiany times through the fiie. Tht^e are great seams, aa if at soma SMCk 

^slsge of her cxisteooe her whole globo hod been nmt apart by iaAaeal 

forces ; and the duration of this oorty stage wonld appaar to ban I^ 

considerable, since there aro tteveral systems of these seams crawns ui 

intercrosnog. Then would seem io hate come an ago dnris^ iAU 

largo regioDs sank as tho moos cooled and contracted, loartef al^ 

lagiona elevated, as m the case of tho great ocean valleys bbJ oooHsmI 

almtfoBS of our own «arth. With fuiher contcacUon oame Ihs fiiiiMfia 



of ffrthi eonngtLion*, thfi laoar Alps and Aproiunta and oiber mottntain 
nngoe. Bat last of xll, it loay he premned (U the roBaot nsnlte ol 
BfaUct't rossiurcbes into ralcuialogy mro to be tseepted), earn* Uut naoet 
Tooddrful of all tbe Bta^ of dtst^uuM, tlia great «r& of orater rorfoa* 
tioD. Odd wonld sav tli&t the sarfoce of eoonrwns ituaT traeta bad 
hiUiled onr liko lome Beetlung laneetinal mbatiuuie, mm it not that 
isWriaU known lo om eualJ fom eohdrent babbles apannlng ciroulai 
ntAny milee in diameter. Vet no otbor deseriptkni givae so jast 
on idea of tbo actaal appearance of extenAiTU tracts of the moon's sorbwe, 
6XMp( OHn, egaalljr or even porbaps mora laneiljil : — If the whole of one 
of ibiMo ro^ons, while stlU plnalia from {ntanaitj of heat, hod been rainod 
upon b; liijoid metooric massas maoj tons or oven many bondreds of tons 
in weiftht, theu someLhitig like the obsenrod apjwftrattea wootd probablj 
barvu resulted. Indeed, it is rather a Btomge eirenmrtapca thai a frag- 
BM&t of a abb of green sbiUe. (ricturod in LyeH'a Oaologjr, with casts of 
laiu-prints kfl by a tdiower which fitU ^ra on njfM siiiM, prewnts as 
true a pisture of ceitun lunar tracts, aa a model east oxproBBly to lUastrats 
what is seen in aa actual photogrRph (moon-painted) of one of tlioss 
regioos. 'Whatever opinion may be fbrimid as to the ngoifieanos of this 
fiwl. it is certain that the preaont aspect of the erster-covercd rogioos is 
qoito inconustent witii the idea Ihnt tbere was a single eootiuaoas era of 
erater fbmiation. It is manifest that the coalour of the whole surJaM 
Jbas booa ohoagad orer and oror again hy tho forces whteh prodneed these 

AlthoQgh we find little iu tho moon's aspect which ramiods us of 
Csatnres at prosenl presented by tho snrfuoa of the oorth, we mnst not 
too oDofldently oanms that tho two globes l»ve beau sxposed to ijoite 
disunular processes of ebaoge. It is very diHicnlt, inilued, to fonii doAr 
iileus as to the real euofotmaUou of tho oarth's erast Tmdemoatb Uuws 
hqrets whioh have been fonned, dixeetly or indirectly, by the aotion of 
air and water. It reqaircs bat a ftllfihl etody of geolof^ to recognise how 
impDrtantly suoh action has aflected onr oarth. Indeed^ thera is not a 
squaro foot of tbo earth's snr&co which docs not owe its pnescnt eou- 
fignratioo either directly to weather changes and the action of water in 
the form of nuu or snow or stream or flood, or else to processes sneh as 
vegetation or the saeceseiou uf varioos forms of animal Ufo. In tbo 
moon, so Isr as ean be judged, wo see the natnral skeleton, as it were, 
ofapbust, the rock sorface preei>icly aa it waa left when the internal 
fwets ssased to act with energy. There has been no " weothcring ; " no 
iMaring.dowD of tb« tnrbce by the action of wat«r; no foreiits bare 
fonoed earboolierous layurs ; no strain like our chalk Formations have 
been deposited ; %'egot»Liou does nut hide any ptui of the sorface ; no 
soowa bare Ulon, and therefore no glAciers giiod down tho mgged snriaee 
of the lonor rallsyB. With one oxceplioo, there is not, so far ns can be 
jadgsd, any process wbicb is at work to disintegrate or modify the sleiilo 
ftoe of tho mocD. Tho oxooption is tho prooesa o( alt«T&&lb vc^imniA. 



and eoDtnetion of tha mooo's cnigt, u the lonar Any ftsd oif^i fttn ■ 
in bIot eacceeaon. VuqaeatioDahly, the change firotn ■ hoftl of loai 
fivo boodrwl degrees Bt midday, to h cold bu more inlenM thao Bf 
wiUi irfaieh we are acquainted on earth, mast caoBe a gradoal ebaagt k 
poKioDs of the moon's sariacc. 

But ire ar« thus led to u most intenetiiig questioo respeetiaf ll» 
moon. It IB manifesi that now, at auj Tat«, then i« ao wai&r kdA wt 
liUlo air (if any) on tho half of the moon tnrood tovartU ns. Y«l it ■ 
argued that tfaMe volcanic disluihancca which are tt)dicat«d so BtiikiR^ 
ly the mooo'a upeet, imply tho former ezutonoe both of water wuitiA. 
Od onr earlb water appean abeolately neeowary to tho oeettmiiae cf nt 
canlc eruptions. Our leading soismologiat, Mallet, I&ya duwD the nb* 
" nithont vntcr there con bo no eraptton," and it uraa long sinee pobttl 
I out by Hamboldt that oil the ocUro volcanoes of the oartli are eloae to &• 
I tea. Of coarse the chiof ovidonco iu favoar of Ibis riow eonaieti ia ft* 
Fnatnre of the snbetances omitted dnriog eruptions ; and. in p<MDt of fwti 
the riev may bo regarded rb a domonflttated Umttrial relation. Tbea it 
U quite impovBible to conceive that so many and anch rioleat araptid* 
as the Innar rolcanoes in<licate, can hsTe taken plaoowitbont t}te endwi 
of qoantities of vapour 80 enonuouB thai a diacemibto atmosphere winU 
from that caose alone, have been formed around oar mnan. Tho oarWii' 
acid gofl, for example, which would be ponred oat if tho lunar ToteaaM 
in any degrso resembled omrs, vronUl form a gasaou onTolope of no iaeao- 
Btderablo depth. This will be manifest when we recall Galileo's Jitrip- 
lion of tho Imiar craters as regembling the eyes in a peacock's tail (k 
number. Besides, it is difficult to imagine how any pUuctcozild befomel 
Vitboat an atmosphere ; aod althoDgh, no doubt, tho mooo's small BM* 
Evoold todieato a roiy ineonBidDrablo ncria) ouTclope, yet it vonU Mt 
[•xplaia the emnploto absence of nil traces of air. 

The conaiderations hero mentioned have long fonnoil one of tbr 
mysteries of aetronomy. Wo sea in onr moon a planai vlack 
. to bare oeeaoB and atmosphere, which even wonld aeom one* li 
have had them ; and yet she now shows no trace of either. 

The eflbrta made to eipUio the matter have been sofficiontljr atreBooM 
Whiston BUggCBted that a cornel had swept away the lunar air lai 
oceans, a view the more remarkable becaose be held the tbeofy tihaS wr 
own oceans had been formerly reemited by a comet which prodsMd a 
oniTeraal deluge. Of course what is now known about eometa wiD ani 
permit ns for a momeut to entertain the supposition that one of ihtm 
bodied could cany off any portion of the moon's bebingings. A coBSt 
might rain a shower of metoorio stones upon the moon, and so raernit W 
mass : indeed the idea has l>eea aaggeiited of late that this bappsosd !*■ 
peatedly in those far-off ages when all the planets ware aiposod to soik 
iuQaencee, their " growing mass," as W«ndeU Holmes layv, 

Pellid with BUr-do&t, bubcJ wUb oMteur-hotla 







That the mooD fibootd borrow from eometi ia not unlikely tbenbre, but 
thut comet3 ehonld rob Uio hmkid is altogetber imprabaUa. 

There is another thwuy eoareelj less ikacifdl. It has been so^^tcd 
ibat tbe moon baa gmwu int^oMly eold. Hsr small orb, though uum 
inBtinct with fire, hna long ainee parted, according to this theory, with all 
its iuhcrant beat. All the fOTms of life that mee existed on tbe qiood. 
animal life, vegetable life, aad the life which ooi imaginattoD pictnres 
where grcut notaral ebacgod are in progreaa, have been, bo to apeak, 
tcozen out. The moon's oceans bare concealed to theli atmoet depths. 
l%e Tery gases which once formed her atmosphere hare frozen, until at 
last die has become the dead globe we eoe, norer to be warmed again into 
life, and baring no other ose in the economy of tbe tuuTerse bat to iUa- 
nunate onr earth and regnlate her tides. 

Bot while it is quite eoneeiroble that tlie inteneitj of eold daring the 
long lonnr nigbts may be amply sufficienl to turn every gas we know of 
\aU> the solid form, it ia manifcHl Ibnt the intense beat to wbicb the mooQ 
ia expoaed daring her cqcoUy long day would produce cTen more remark- 
able ohaages when pooiod upon sach a Irozon nir&co, than it would effect 
OD snch a ^obe as onr earth in ite present condition. Imagine our 
oceans froEen, and tbo air also frozen, bo as to lie Id great drifts many 
feel deep* over tbo whole surface of the globe. Then coocetTo the smi 
to poor his rays down upon that frozen sarface for a day lasting two of 
onr weeks, bis midday place being nearly OTorbead^ Is it not manifest 
that the frozen air would be melted aud vaporisod (tamed, that te, into 
onr ffttniliftr ur), and then Lbe ocean melted, and enonnotu quantities 
tnmed into Tspoo -. fine h are tbo nclunl conditions in those Innor regions 
whieh form the nuddle uf tbu moou'& fitcc. Yet at the time of full moon 
no ngns of change can be recognised, at least none which correepond to 
the TaponuUon of a frozen atmosphere, and of frozen oeeane. The 
simple fiut, however, that Lord Itosse's experiments prove that the fall 
moon is greatly bcatcd , disposes at once of the bncifal theory we bare been 
considering. For a frozen Innar atmosphere oonid not be heated beyond 
the point (corresponding to ao exceeding eold) where it bceomea gaseoas, 
until Uif whole of it bad nssomed this form ; and after that, the water 
nodor tlie atmosphere conid not bo heated aboro boiling heat without 
tumbg altogether into steam. Now j>f two thinga one. Tbe boiling beat 
woold be either high or low. If higti, that woold imply considerable 
atmoRpheric pressare, and we eonid Qot hot recognise on atmosphere pro* 
dociog each pressore ; if low, then the degree of heat to which the moon 

* W« (to nut know tbp actiul <Wplli, twoutw wv Ao aat koow fihut ia Uw Jnutty 
of ioH>l oxv|^i or Holid Dtingca. But wc know that if the iknitit; of these dcmeota 
wben rHui-^d lo tbe wtiil nUte, were eqaol to that of ice, the •tinofphero woaM be 
cooTertcd into a boIiiI lajer, tuore iluui thirtr (cet deep, (or the water^Mteoulcr 
Mandi at fun tbui thin; ftcL If (rgctn nzy^n nml nUrogaa an as deaie «a isa3< 
cuty, thai the Ujvx woald be cnly two and a liaU Icct In ftt[i!ti. 

TOL. xxrm.—ao. 164. %, 



is roiaoil, ai Lord UoBse'fl oxporiraeote show,* zttunmins a 

TUero is onotlier rtraugA ihoory in expluuKtion of tlia *frw<mr*t ct wia 
and air ia the moon, dao to Dr. FimoU&nd. According to Una ifaiMrj, th 
ooeaofl and atmosplicro wlucli oac« exbtod on the moon lutTe nov «lfr 
dravn into tbo moon's intonor. " ITwatdr ti ono time exisl«d M 
snrtaca of tiio moon," saya FraoUaadr "wltitliar has it diaap|>eaMA! 
we anuinc, in aooordaiiM viUi tlio n«balar hjpotbeBts^ tiutt ttie 
of matto- composing TMpeetiTitly tho oortb and tb* moou onoe 
mn eqnalljr elevatod tempatatiirer it almost nBceaaarily iaiUowu tioA Af 
moon, owing to the oomparattTO mnftUnen of her suua^ wonU eoel mm 
rapidly than tbo earth. This cooling of tbo moon's nuus wad, a 
aeeordaDce vitfa all analogy, have been attendod with eoDttmetioft, ittl 
can searoely bo eoneeiTod as ocenrring vitboat the derelopoMBt dt 
onremotiB Ktmotore in the interior. Macb of the caTemotu atnriB 
would donbtleas eommnnicalA, I7 means of fiasoTM, with the aaAm, mi 
thus there woold be provided an internal reoeptaola for the oesiBr i* 
the doptliB of which even the bnming son of tbo long lunar dmj vnsU k 
totally nnable to dislodge more than tmees of its vapour. J^Mtaaaaf #• 
solid mass of the moon to cuotxact on cooling at the sune rato as pai* 
its rofrigeratioQ throagb only 180 dogroaa of the Fahronheit HmmimlK 
(tbo difference between the bailing beat and the &«exiiig p<rfi(t) Mdl 
create cellular spaoe. eqnal to nearly I'lf milliona of cable milM. vbd 
would bo more thau soffioienf to engulf tbe nrhole of Iho Innar smm. 
supposing them to bear Lbc Bame proportion to tba mass of the mMtK 
our own oceans bear to thnt of the cnrtb." 

lioom might certainly be found is this way for all tho huar omm> 
beeauM tbe moon's anr&ee anionots only to 14,600^0 s^nait adA 
and therefore the coUalftr Bpnco dcdneed-aboTO amoanta to the «atan<f 
an oceau eompetcot to cover tha whole sorfiico of the moon to Um ^4^ 
of a mile. Bat then, where has the lonar atmosphere gone 
wonld re^Ttire mneb more room than the oceans, if orij^nally 
to onr own Atmosphere in density. For even at a bei^t of 9A 
the moon's surface tbe dL'nsJty ot the air woold only be ledoeeA M^ 
half, so that half tbe lunar air woold oceapy a shell of apaeo ooieciaR tt« 
whole moon to a depth of 22 miles. It would thus reqnini fit liBa> 
as mueb spaee as Frankland's tbeoiy gires, nod atiU the othsr brf 
wonld be left ootside the moon. Bnt oren the oeoana are not yttf sidf 
aeeounted for on tbia theory. We most aasoma that when they sortii 
on tbe moon's surface they were not qoilo so hot as boilttig wnter oe Ik* 
earth. In fact Frankland's theory depeuda lu grciil part tm tl»» jiioWtt 
oxistance of glarierfl on tho moon, and It nood hanll 

* tArd RoiR KpamM ths effect ef n4«ct<d nnn heut truui Uue 'y-ii 1 
tvoon smVt* m a wmed body. Wc il« ont rxpUin h^re Ibe prierjpke wItfeA 
It puSttbltt to <luthi{iidili botuvcn Ukm i'^'o form of licat t bat their saAdi 



voold be no gUciers whQe tho ooeanB, and Iberofbre the solid mooD, were 
at tb* tempsntare of boiilog waUw. Bow then ia the rc&igerfttioD 
through ISO degro«a to take place vitbont punng far below Die freering 
potot f Bat DrozfiD oceans would assnrodly not find their way into the 
moon's interior through the fisenrca of Frankland's theory. Apart from 
Uiifl it mufil ba remembered that if the moou had a veiy rare almoRpherc, 
iho boiliDg point wwild ho reiy much lower than on the earth ; while, if 
aho had an atmospbero as dense aa oars, it remains impossible to ander- 
Btaod where that atmosphere can have gone to. 

I have said that the thooi7 reqoiree tliat formerlj glaciers ahoald 
have existed on the moon. It ia muniiest that, apart from the theory, tbo 
<|ae8tion whether there were ever any glaciers on the mooa is full of 
interest. Por if there were gladers there must hare been snow and nui, 
u wdl as v-iDd correotB to bear tho moiatore-lnden air against tbo slopes 
of the louar moQQtain ranges. It mil be well, therefore, to indieato the 
orideooe wfaich FrankUnd finds for the laoAr glfttiiers of bis tbeorj. 
** What may we expect to see ? " be says. " Under favourable cirorun- 
stancee the terminal moraine of a gla<a«r allains onormoos dimensions ; 
and consoqnently, of all tbo marks of a Racier ralley, this would b« the 
one most Itkoly to be first poreoived. Two such terminal moraines, ono 
of thorn a double <me, haru appeorod to obscnrors to be traceable upon the 
moon's soHooo." His de«onptioii ofthu pOKitiou of these would not be 
intcUigiblo withont a lonar ctart ; bat students of tbo moon will ander- 
Btond whore to look fur thom when we montioo simply that one lies near 
tbs end of tbe remarkable streak from Tycho* to CulUaldns, crossing 
this streak exactly opposite Lubmiezky, while the other ties at tbo 
Doiiliom oxlxomity of tbo lonu volley whieb runs past Uia eastern edgo 
of Rhoita. 

Iiuecribing tbe first, rnnkland says, there are " two ridges forming 
the arcs of eccentric circles. Beyond tbe second ridge a talae slopes 
down gradually northward to tbe gonoral level of the lunar surface, the 
whole preaooting an appoaranoa reminding tbo obderrer of tbe concen- 
tric moraines of tbe Ahooe glacier. These ridges ore ^isib1e far the 
whole period daring which that portion of tbo moon's surface is illu- 
minated ; but it is only about the third day after the first quarter, and at 
the corresponding phase of the wamng moon, when the sun's rays falling 

* Trdu) is ihpU spot whom lite (iUI mticm tboira a gstbering togethrr of Mrenluf, 
icwtiat u at dlher cott-cnd of a pcded otatigv. IixUed, small |>holosnipbB ot llic 
; moon Jook m> lancli like vli"toi:Tup*>» of • i*«jW'1 omn;;? Ui«t. ■* \V«niiBtl llaluKw 
, ninit;- iwrscva •ni>|>onc KiitmnQBi«r>i li«.vc BubatUnt^xl thu t)nui|[« Ivit Ui« tnuon.Ri) 
Ibaiato tiiemwliv* tfonliK lumgioc Uow pleulug aiich on idea must t>o to ouf 
U Buc^ ItaLtiuriiriJt, and citliera, i>l)u luivc uthaii*tc<l the ComtTirfflces of ni«> 
ehivnWAl iiij^i-iiuiij,- (o iDAkc tlwit' grrnt ltlw'>i|)M tml; follow the nuMB, and have 
QfriMtA at hinaito labour the but photognphie ■pplUnou to Kcore good nsatdta. It 
ii only right to say, howtvtr. tlisl bo ona wuul<l (or a suHnsmt sualiiku the nuatcr- 
pleeea e( these astniiMDen fot |>lioU)RTaplii of a pcckd orangi, eluoa tbci[ ua w:^uS, 
In (Uitlnotans to rfswi et tbo mooa trith excellent tdescopia. 

ncnrly horizootally, Uirow tho deUils of Uua part of Iho moon** gi 
into *troD;j reUef, aod the appeanDces suggest this explanotioi] of thefi.* 
It vrill he muntfest thai ihe evidence for gUeifirs od tbc tnooo ii not tUo- 
gclher irresistible. On the wfanlo face Of that hemiapfaere, unm taSfigv 
of fi^nare miles ia «xleut. which the moan turns oartliwards, tiiere am M 
two spots where appearances are reeognisocl wbteh saggest tbe id« (f 
glacial tnoroinas. This is oot eonviaciiig, ospemoUr wh«n vra muoiW 
ibnt ondor thu best telescopic scratiDy <ret applied to the moon we tee br 
snrface oolj as we ahoulil sco a motiotaio rcgiou od the aarifa from a &• 
liuiee of more thou odo bandred miles, and thraogh a dcriM and p^- 
liuljod atmosphore. For all the atmovpheric efleeta un multipliod pn- 
eiscly in proportion to the potror of the telescope employed, so tint fna 
vbeo wo use ao high a power m 2,400, which voaU tbcorcticullr rvdm 
the moon's distance to 100 miles, ibe atmoephore bctwcco d« uh) ^ 
moon is, na it were, mnltiplied 2,400 times. 

Bat we bare not oven jot czhanstod all the ingenious theories wAxi 
have been devised hy thoBo who insist on endowing the moon of fcntf 
ages with oceaos and an atmosphere. Vt'e bare secu a comet eallad fats 
earr^ awaj the lunar air and wat£r, next wo bsTO bad them fixizso ap, ml 
thirdly the moon's interior has oponcd to romoTo ifaem Irom oar tqU. 
But a foorlh theory remaius, which, Ihaugli not leas startling tfaaa tkf 
others, has found singular farour OTon among astronomen of rap^ 
According to this fourth tboon-, the lunar ocean* and atmo^ben km 
withdrawn, not into the inside of the moon, but to her oth«r or fp^m 
side. The farther half of the moon la ncrcr seen bjr us, aad inf 
uaknown has appeared to- afford a farouraUo opportunity of applrti^ Am 
principle " omno ignotum pro mtiifioo." Accordingly, it has been am- 
plied with oceans and an atmosphere, in fact with a double gaautHr of ^ 
and water; inhiibiUuta arc, of cotuso, not wanting whoro circnoMtnRS 
are 80 HoitaLlfl for tbeir subsistence; and in fine, another world 
the onaeen half of the moon. 

It would bo unfair, bowever, to deseribo thtft theofy aa tiiougb i 
merely based on our iguuriuice of the state of things on the farther 
of the moon, — as though, in &ct, it resembled ono of thu jtrHt-Hmtl 
Fontenelle (who was an ardent bolierer, by the wvy, in the babitahjtilT «l 
DOT satellite). The theory was originally suggested by a ™q*hflifMrtK^il 
ioijaiiy of singular profuudiLy. The bIuIFuI German mntlutiBatidsa. 
Uuson, foond reason to helioTa that if the moon's eeotn orgraTilj it eot 
exaelly at tbe middle point of that diameter of bent which ie dir«etd 
euilhwurdi, her movemcola must giro evidence of the fact. If the eaatn 
of gravity wore farther away than the middle jioint die would show a iti|M 
pconliarity of motion in ono direction, white If the centra of graTity esn 
QoarM* than the middle point she would show a peeultmrity of the oppwt* 
kind. On eianuotpg the moon's actually reoorded nKrtioaa, TTana^ tan- 
n'dmred that bo had evideooo soffioing to prove that the oentno of granny 




if more thaa thirty 

•fhA. ioal 



tiosed. Ko^ cleArly, if lh« mooo'e tlutfn in very ntArl; glubuUr. bat slia 
is Uk« ft ItMtded die, hearier oq ooo aide Cban tha oLbcr, L«t ot-o&us aofl 
atmosphero muat pass oyor to the louled sido. To heu Uu cmpliktic inoJo 
of doeeribuig mattem emiituvcil hv Sit Jobn Ilcrsch^l in a K-tter tu Uia 
prascnt vnter, tbe farther sida of tlio muon, oceordbig to UimiMii's v'lev, 
is "like a great lake basin, naarl; forty miles do«p." Of conne, 
Horsohel did cot meao thnt Ihoro i« a grout concavity on tJuit side, any 
more than a geograpW wonld mean that tlio ocean bottom is concavo, if 
he spoke of Ibo oocan barin. fiot tho et&to of tbo CarUuu' side of the 
moon, according to tb« tbeory we are coosid«riutr, is precisely as tboogb 
matter were exoarated an-sy to a depth of nearly forty milos, IcAriog, of 
eoane, ample room for every drop of watf r to flow to that unseen half. 
Tbo air woald also flow to that aide. It is not, boworcr, altogether eo 
clear tbnl tli» air would bo conceded in the same way that the water 
would be. Tho fnot is, one half of tho moon ia not it7i(«//y hidden from onr 
new. There is a " balancing motion " (techuieally called tbo " UbrotioD ") 
of the moon, by which ahe now tilts one part of tho farther hemisphero 
towards tlio earth, anil Lhen another part, with a singolar altetnatlon 
which brings the balaaciog round «o a? to affect in turn every part of tho 
moon's edge. And owing to this pocnliftritr, icstend of one half of the 
moon remaining eooeealed from us, about forty-two parts oat of 100 only 
are altogother and at all times unseen. It a difficult to baliuvc that 
an nlmospbere coerced so much less dian our own (since (be moon's 
atiractivo power at hor sorfaco is but onc-sixtti of tho earth's ut hers) 
would confioo itself strictly within limits to narrow. 

fiat ID reality, evidence has boen obtained in favour of Hansen's 
ftudamont&l theory which, if iwlmitted, disposes altoncthcr of the con- 
eluotms bosod upon that theory. Tho coQlioeotal astronomer. Ooasew of 
Wilna, has very carefully examined some of De la Roe's Innar photographs, 
Uken when the moon was at opposite stages of horbalanetng motion, and 
by noting how mueb the seToral oratcn, &c., are displaced, he baa found 
the means of dotermiuing the shape of the moon's surface. According to 
his measnremeDts tho greater part of the vimble surfiuso of Lbs moo» 
must be n^ardod as an eoormoDs cloration, rising in tho middle Tally 
seventy milea above the mean level. In fnct, tho moon, according to tbesi; 
mouoreme&ts, wonld come to be regarded as egg-ahaped, the souUler end 
of Iha egg being torned earthwards,— only it will of coono bo understood 
that, regarded as a whole, the moon's body would not differ very markedly 
from the globular fMm. It would be shnped, to speak plainly, like a 
neirlj roand ogg. 

Of course, this way of Uirowiog tho centre of gravity farther away 
than the middle of the lonar diameter dirMted towards the earth, leads to 
resnlte qnite different from thoee whieb would follow if tho moon wofo n 
globe in shape bat loaded like a ilit- internally. Tbnt great bill of matter 
on the earthward Hide of the moou wonld draw the oceans and air awa*/ 
from the farther side— not, indeed} to lis own aantnul^ Vbi\ ''v&> tttX Ha "Oca 



middle of tb« diso w« goo, bat to its bkse. In Caei, there vooU U i 
galhAriog of tho w&t«ra is & zono ftll round the edge of the moon'f iMUt 
diso, and over tbia zodo tho UinospLorie pnwore would also bo gnaMt 
SiniiOi u ft toatlor o( fitct, tbera is do laga either of wa.t«r or etr m tt» 
zona of tho moon's snTfft««, v« must p0rforr« abtuidon the Qatar id 
Inoar oeoaas aod air still lie uiTwhorc on tho sorfaco of the moon. 

Tbo reader will probably coQclode, ab the eviJeaeo seems to re^B)K> 
that all ideas to tho contmry noturithitAnding, the moon has n«Tv Ui 
oithor a watery cuvclopo or on atrial one in tho alJghteiBl degree ew- 
pHnblo in relAtiTe extcut with thoeo oa oor oorth. 

But before vro peas to the curtdoa qnMtioiis snggoatod by the oiuSk 
vigoi of i^leiit voloauio action on the maon in Fonner ages, when ecBltf 
wnler nor air existed in any considerablo quantity, let as pMiM fcf ' 
momont to discnw the remarkable renlt attained by Quaaev. 

If wo snppoM that there really is a bulgtog-out on tho enrtbTvd riif 
of tbo moon to the enormous extent iudicated by Gauow's measunKKAyj 
we have a Buigiilar problem to inquire into. For thooretMitly, 
Nowton showed long afaiee, tbo moon ought to bo in ahape wh>l| 
motrioianii call on ollipfioid. The earth's globo le sligUUjr 0atbttM<l 
way, and we can each a ^ure a spheroid ; but now snppoeo lha( buiitfj 
bebg eompreseod at the poles, ebo were also (as some think she utmtf 
is) eomprOBSod (but to a mach amaller degroo) at two opposite parte e( te 
equator, bo that the equator itself was slightly oral ; then she would Wk 
her shortcut dieunetcr, as now, the polar one ; her longest diameter «tlM 
l>0 the longest diameter of her oral equator ; and sho might bo Bsii t* 
bare an intermediate diameter, nz., the shortest diamvt«r of her efBlbr- 
So it should be, say* Nowton, in the case of the moon. She dunM b 
most compressed at the poles, or nearly at the north aod south peUi tt 
her disc ; her Igngest diomctor shoold be the one tamed Urvanli th 
earth; and a thw&rt diameter lyinf* nearly esnt and west would be W 
third or iulormediato diameter. Then he ralculated the length of thM 
several diameters, and found that tho shortest would not diflkr IM* 
than sixty-two jarda from the longest. This is something veopf diflMI 
firom the sereuty miles re.tnlting from Onssew's measrtremeotB. 

If then that monstrous hill exiEtii, we must look for its ori{^ Is so* 
extraneous caoae, since we see that a globe assu min g its Datural ligei* 
under such conditions as proTailod in the moon's ease would ffMOt 
no sueb exeresoeDce. We believe we are justified in saying that Um fte* 
tograpbie oTidenco is accepted by Dr. tie la Ruo himself. In faei, lAsi 
two pictures of tho moon, in opposite stages of her babuieing, areleohsl 
■t, (be stereoKopio riew shewB Gussew'i great hill aettioSy staoJiBf 
cmt ss it wero, before the very eyes. We vrntnro to iptait Sir Mb 
HacBebel's Bcoount of the principle of this method. bceauM of tkL 
singnlarly etTecUTe way tn which he presents tho matter. Be sai 
"Oaing to the libraUon of the moon, the same point of b«r antl^l 
tffm fometinieB on oue side nt Vho »n^ ot ^»» ^oa^ «uk voomUsm 



tbo other* the dieol being tlw stitaa &a if, Uio mooa romaining fixed, Iho 
oye were slufted from right to bft Ihrongb an ui^ equal to the total 
libralioo. Kow this is the ooDditioD on which slereouopio riaion depends, 
BO that by obooBiDg Wo opocha whoa the mooo ia prewnted in the two 
aspvctfl but adapt«d for the purpose, and taking ieparate and indepon* 
dent photographs of it in each oepcsct, the two, eterooficopioaUy oomhinedt 
BO eomplately satisfy all the roi^ntsito oondiUoos as to Bbow tho Epheiical 
(oraijust rti a ijiant mujhl tuf it, ukoie sUUun uvu jtucA that lAa inlervat 
belieeeii hU cja should fqual ihe dittatiet betw^m ihe pi<ici vAere the eattk 
ttoad iMnt oiie vimr tnia talun, aad ihat to which it would AtfM betn 
rVHtoftd (f/itf moon httng feijartUtl na JtM'f) Iv iftl the olhtr, Nothing 
cau surpass tho impression of r€^l corporeal form thoa eoDvejed by somo 
uf Lhoso pioturutj as tskon by Ur. Da la Rue with his powerftU reflsetor, tho 
prodacUon of which (as a step in some sort lakun by man oatside of tho 
platMt he inhabits) is one of the most remarkable and ocexpected triomphs 
of seioiiUfie art." 

Both tho meitstuuiuuntaudthosiuplo coatemplaUDnofthoslerooseopie 
pairs of lontir piclures appearing to indicat* Uw tiuiic result, wo luay pro- 
oood to ioqmro nndor what drvamBUuieu that result may baro beoo 
brought about. Tho tnio oxplaoatioD can Ecarcoly {oil to ba a mngnUr 
ono, whatever it may be ; so that if we are knl to a riew wblch may 
appear 8«nsatioiuiI, this must not bo regarded as a snrprising circa nmtanoa. 

Now lut it be noted that whatever ideas we may form ss to the pasi 
couditioD of Our earth and the other members of the solar ^tem» we can 
Bcareoly rofose to admit tho gcuerol theory that in long past ages every 
ODO of these globes was in a coudilioa of inleuse boat. That our earth 
was f^trmeilj tiinefied by tatennfy of heat, is the opiniea of all who Imto 
oarsfiiily studied ber surfi^oa ; and theio arc few men of scieneo who do 
not, oiler examining tho endenee, conform to the tbeoiy of Ueyer, (hat Lhe 
eaith wu formerly in a vaporuos condition. Assuming that as oar poei 
iBUmla has esprmod the theory — 

Tbia MTurld wu once a fiuUl b«jt« of 11|:be, 
Till toward tho ceulm Wt the slnnry tktt* 
Aiid tdilicd iuto miu, that nhocting cut 
The pIsiKu — 

WO can form do other eonceptioo of oor earth's 'primal conditioB than a* a 
TBpour globe. Our moon likewise afford nbimdimt evidence of harii^ 
0UC4 been in on intensely henUd state. And doabtlees Ihero was once a 
timo when thfl earth and moon were both (at the same time) vaporous 
through btcDsity of hent. 

Now wo have not gooe back to that far distant epoch for the purpose 
of seoldiig there for the secret of the moon's present figure. It appears to 
OS NMonahlo to tmee back to soeb an epoch the Bingalar Isw of the 
moon's rotation, vrheroby she always keeps the seino fiice Ituucd towards 
the earth ; for fiu off thongb that epoch may be, it is not sepanted from 
our timo by so cnormons a lapse of sges se cooLd b« Kt\ii\K5. S» "XmSui'^ 


SEWS raav the moos. 

A rftpidlj rotating moon to the moon'u [aMent tHrtng/uly bIov rotftbos 
Id Uie distant era tlioo, vhca the mooa was a Taponr nucletis witltn ib" 
gfiifbt vnponr-gtobo which vab at some Etitore period to form t^ eahh i 
Uvo iipOD, the moon Ihos iuvolved learned to rotal« sjnchrono 
her revolution. But gradually the farth'a ^-aiwar- globe «l 
dimcnflioas ontil the moon was loft oalsido — or wo nut; sa; thai th« 
porous enrolopAa oroond Lho two cliiof naclra co far sltraok as bo In 
to be anjvh«re intermixod. From tliis time forth ibo mooa noit itm 
cooled nkore rapidly than the earth ; and the timo nansl at length k« 
arrived vb<m the moon hiid become an opaque orb^ vrbUft Qm earft * 
vhich we live via sliil a aim. Kven at this early stage of onr anftna 
the moon must have no rotated aa to tnm the same face tovarda Um ttA'i 
then glowing orb. 

Bnt now a circumstance has to be considered wbiob. startling ftiH^ 
it may &oum at first, is yot conBletont with what bas boen McarfMi 
respecting the snn and other bodies. There is a great mass of etilaa 
tending to shew that our sun utpeht matter from his Ulterior with a tWocQ 
Euffioient to oany such matter entirely away from bim. This ha* b* 
Ehevnby the. microscopic and cbomical structure of ffloteorit«a, bf iWf 
patha and rates of motions, and by many circuiDRtaDccB which vil! ^ 
found detailed at length in the nrtlelo called " Moteoia, SAod-bearia^ Bi 
Otherwise," in the ConihUl Magtmim for Xorember, 1873. It is ll* 
Tf'ry strikingly supported by the Wlianoar of the so-callod m|tiB»' 
promiueucea of tlio sun. PbBBing from the sun to tbo m^or pUnifc 
which even now seem to haro some of tbo qnaliUcs of eobo^iBkbir 
netondary trans, and must certainly hare been sncli long wSmt the m^ 
and her fellow minor planets had cooled down into the ooBdttwa d 
habitable vrorlds — we find very elriking evidence to shew that tbnM luH 
suns or major planets cruptod from their interior the naat«riml of ■ria' 
Eystcms and of those comets of small period which have been <«IMfll 
comet- familieK of the major pUnets. The evidence on (his poiol vS W 
found fully detailed in the article called *' The Recent Motoor SbomrtaA 
Meteor BhowL>rs generally," which appeared in the Comhill Mayaamim 
daanary last ; and the cirenmBtance will there be found nntod. OmI « 
Docd not tntjuiro into the dimensions of a body, in conxidcriag the Mtf^ 
biliiy of its expelling matter from its int«rior with a valocitj safSdaat >> 
carry such matter silogether away ; since, in point of fiaet, the inCisiM^ 
(for instance) of the major planets compared with the aan, is compnn^ 
by the inferior attractive p^mer which tlielr erupUonal forces turt k 
orercome. All that is required is a sooUke condition with nifpeet t» 
heat ; granting this, a small globe like the earth, or etrcn ao azoaU a ^M 
OB the moon, would bo as competent to expel matter to groat itiataitf 
from its interior, as the major planets, or as the sun himaeir. or eTtn sa b 
^Orh like Sirius, exceeding our sun atleat a thousand timw in Totoxna. 

So long thou as onr earth conb'naed to a snidika atato, the woaid 
prvbaUy oxpel matter in aU AJz«ciC\ona --tn^Xt. % ^cVvnli^ small indeed m» 



puod whb ihe relod^ of matter cropted from tbo nm. but qaito aa 
Urgo relnltvel; to the attractire power of the eartb. This proe««s of 
cootiaizal eraption wcnltl not exhaast tho o&rtb, eimplj becaasc it ironld 
Imi eompenBated bj azrivala from vitbout ; uhI moreorer, far tbo grester 
^utltf of the ernptcd matter Tronld doubU«Ba fait back opoQ tfaa glow- 
isg orb of tbe earth. Bnt it is manifest, that vbatever matter ir&s 
araptod direotljr towards tbe moon, so a« to fall upon her, woald ro«nut 
her miuia. As we must aMumo from tbe k&oira maaa of tho earth that 
■be waa for ages in a eunliko couditioo, ve most believe that dnring those 
aigea that face of tbo moon which was coniiQaaUy directed earthwnida 
reoeiTed no isconBiderable rapplj of omptaJ matter. For it mnst he 
TememborGd thai when the {troccaa began* the moon was mtiob larger in 
Tolnmo, thoQgh eoosiderubly less in maaa, than at tbe present timo. Sbo 
would, therefore, at that time intercept a mach greater proportion of the 
empted matter. MoreoTor, sinee, after she bad shmnh into a fiemiplastio 
but still growing orb, tbo moon mnat have continued for a rety long tima 
subject to this rain of earth-born misailea, there is reason for regarding as 
Teiy cffluidorablo the qnantitj of matter by which her hoik wan Ibna in- 
ereoaod. Moreoror, if it be romomberod that tbo meteoric miiteil&H thus 
axpelled from tb« earth would necessarily be exceedingly hot, probably 
liqnid eren before their fall, and ecrtnlnly Uquefiod at tho moment of 
eoUinoa witli tba moon's surface, we gad a priori cvidoneo for that very 
downfall of liquid drops, of which, as mentioned nl>ove, tbe present 
aspect of tbe moon seems to afford oridonec. It is certainly a noteworthy 
annimstaiiee that a theory devised to explain a mofit striking pcenliarity 
of tbe moon's globe, should Recount also for a feature, not loos striking, 
which had not been specially in view when tho theory was tnronted. 

W» nrnst pass, howaTor, &om tbasa eoastdaratioos, because tbe evi- 
dence on which they have been based is too sOght to warrant any 
prolonged or exaet diacassion respecting them. But a few words remun 
to be said on tbe question which originated tbo strange Ibeorics dovised 
to explain why tbe moon at present afaows no traces either of oceans or 
an atmosphere. 

Wo have said that on our earth tho taw secma established that where 
there is no water there are no volcanoes. May il not be, boweTer, that 
lliia law doca not extend to tho moon ? Mr. Afathien Williams, whose 
work, Thm Fuel of rA« Sun, has sn^eetad many new and striking con- 
siderations respeeting the celestial orbs, bas brought to bear on this 
qneatton an erperienoe which rery few stucicDls of astronomy hare 
pos Bono ad— the knowledge, namely, of tho behaviour of fused masses of 
matter cooling under a variety of drctimstanoes, " I hare watched the 
eooUngof neh mnssea rety fi-equi^nt1y,"he <taya," and have seen abundant 
displays of mintatnra voleanie phenomena, espeotally marked where tho 
cooling has oeeuired under conditions most nearly resembling those of u 
gndoally coding planet or satellite — that ia when tbe foscd matter ha& 
beta MflUiMd by a resisting and eontractii^ crust. T^« mQcV'icmafiu^\& 



that I bftre seen uo Iboae presuDled by Iho eooUng of Uw ' Up < 
from padilling rainMee. Tills, an il flows from tho fnnuLco, U ra'^Mfil 
vtoot iroa boxtts (calldd ' clniler bAgiM '). The folloniujj phflKWaa 
DBoaltjr obBcrmbla on ifae cooliog of the fased einilcrr in a dneaiir kpi 
Pint a Uiui solid erust rorms oa tbo nxl hot Bur&eo. TbiupMd^Fak 
infBciOQUy lo blkcken. If pierced by a slight thmsl from ao inn rol^ Al 
rod-hot nalter vitbin is seen lo be in a state of OMtbizkg acttrilT. mj i 
coBsiderablQ qaautit; exudes from the opening. If « Ix^i^ fiBcd'nlk 
fused cinder ia left nndintoibod, a reritable cpontonDmiB roIemM crnte 
takes ptac«, tfaroagh snme portion, generally near the ctintre^ of Um uli 
crust. In some case*, this eruption is soffieienUy violoni to tifH arf 
spuria of moiteu cinder to a height eqtud to four or fire times lbs tittrf 
tho txigic. The crast onr« broken, a regotor erater la rapidly fbn&i^ai 
miuiataro streams of Ibta coatinue to pour from it ; sotnetitxnw slnlial 
ragolorly, Dceasionally vith jerks and sports, dao to Ibe barstiog itf MHl 
of gas. Tbo aocomnlotion of thpHo lAvn-streams femu « nigttfav«M.II 
height of Trhieh goes on increasing. I have sfwm & bOfifie abotttttf* 
tveho inches in diameter, and nino or ten inebog deep, sarmomitadilib 
way by a cono about five inches bi^ with a base equal ta the nboliaM 
uftfaobo^. Thaa e*meit ami cmten could W but UttU imymtti^t 
mod^ttr dftirin;f to rrpretfnt a typical rvhnto in tmptum." 

The aspect of iho moon's CTater- covered sorfaee nrtainly i«sA 
bettor with (be snpposition that acUvo procesws Uko 11k>m dmAti^ 
Hr. Williams wore in operation ivhon Uiat sarfaoo was. formed, tW* sft 
tho theory that slovr and i»t«'rmittent rtdcanic Mtioit Uk« tllai «itfc itai 
wc are tioie fiimiliar on tmrlh, modelled tho moon's Bnttncg to itspnrt 
configaratioQ. In tbo former easo water would not bare beva asM 
and raporoas matter wonld not haT» been oipellcd to an estsol ioM* 
cilahle witb obserred pbenoDena. 

It is maoiicHt that we havo in tbo moon a sabJMt of re«««n^ «ial 
has been by no means cxbmisted. Ascertained facts respcctiiift bcr bt« 
not yet bccm orpkined ; and doobtJesB many faeU still ram^in tatoaB*' 
tained. Tbo moon will boroaftMr be exaounod with gr««t«r ^ItlMHffe 
power than has yet been applied, and when thin is done appeBMonaai! 
be aocomited for which are at present nnintelligible. Agam : aw » 
qairies into the qaestion of the evolntion of onr solar Byvtoa, eaa iuif 
Aul to throw light OD the pecoUar relations prwcalcd hy ihm moos ^ 
referanee to tlie terrestrial globe. Wi^ beliere thai ths probloma bumK^ 
by laoor resenreh, perplexing though they unqacstioiiably aro, wiH Mlbl 
found innolnblo ; and it is most probable that their solatioti w31 1B !■> 
tbnjw important light oa thu history of oar «artfa and bor fi Hun ipiiMbiiJ 
l^laueto, DO the giant planets whicb tniTel ontside tbo tc : ■rrtHL 

'and UstJy, on the past history-, presenl eoudilioo, and fut; ..„ ti\ 

great ecotra] luminary bearing sway over the planolary symimm, • 


§un-fisbing oit fbe Wtsi (Toast of ^3l«l:ina. 

A OLEVEU FroQch writer illustrates na EB^iah man's love of spoti by 
pntliog in his moolb tbo muming ealut&Uoo, " It is a fiii« dny ; let as go 
oot &nd kill somctfalng." Ko doabt the loro of ^lort ia inber«Qt in tbe 
Briton, ind ferlnnntoty Uiora are bat fow sports which uor islftnd cannot 
allbni. In Iho month o£ Jium, kouo hvr years ago, I received from a 
yachting frivnd nu invitatioD to epcad some time with bim. Ho Biud, " I 
cannot offer jon the cooTcnicnces of a dab or & slip, or tbe nuiUcal pica* 
carca of a crowded harbour ; but 1 can ^vo yoa some mm-fiahing, and a 
UuA*! (if roni sali>vrsbet off AchiU Head." I accepted with gladness, as 
sot aluDo bad I never seen tbo nild west ooaet of Irdlimd, of which I had 
tieard and r«ad nioeb, but I bad ocTer even beard uf Uiu sou-fisb as an 
olgaet of pnryolt by Ibe votaries of tbo " gentle art." I bad can^ 
eruytluDg in the abapo of a catobable fish that swima in fresh vater, from 
• ■ndgton to a salmoa, and bad made no mean bag bstimoa of polloekt 
lerol, and conger-e«ls ; bnt it sun-fisb I bad aevar seeit. So I caro* 
poekod my salmon and troUing-rodB, and, starting next day by " Tbe 
Wild Insbman," us tbo Irish mail baa been cbristenud, arxired at WqbL- 
port, all«r AD aa«?«ntful jonmey of tweoty-four boiint. 

Bo for 1 bad fbllowod my triend Browa's direcUons : be bad dated hia 
letter from Lubskfla. and told mo that my boit plan would be to iaquire 
at Wcstport for the route btrtbcr westward, nnil fuUow that which might 
be mobi suitable at iho moment. Having dined at tbe hotel, I nskod the 
waiter the way to InniskcH. Uls sppearanoo was, by lbs way, at Taiionoo 
wilb my preconceived ideas of what no Irish waiter sboubl be — bo was a 
dapper little iat old man, witb a biboloos lace and a merry twinkle in bis eye. 

** Xba way to luniskea is id ? " bo ropUod, as bo tbonghtfblly went 
UirOQ^ the moUoos of wiping a plat« with bis napkin. " Bugor, yer 
honoor, there's a good many ways; ye might post by Nepbin and 
Baogor, into JJelmoIlet, on' go from that in a booker ; or yo might go 
tbroogh Mnlranny an' Ballycroy ; or ys might go tu Acbill au' Lhmst to 
<lod ta pnt ye across some way or oUior ; or 'i 

" My good man, I want to know the eborto&t road ? " 

" Bodiu], Lbeit, yer bonoar. tbe shortest road iiui't a road at all at all, 
in rogard iv its bein' the say:" then my mercurial &iend maila afiren- 
zjed rush to the door, and called " Dinny" witb all bis might. 

"Dinny" endently came to tbe call, as I board an animated con- 
vcirsation in an unknown tougoe lor a coaple of minates, when tbo waiter 
returned, saying. " Tei in ktdt, ait. William UUbcil i& 0.1. SDia cgut.'j ^f^ 



hie bookoT. and lie'e tbo man thai can lavo 70 at Iciitislirs boAdycM 
Armeil villi tbe nama of Gilbort's booker, I saanl(?rcd down to tb* 
vhich is over a mile from tbo fawn of Wontpori. There a loBg I 
imposiiig coTQ-stores, all empty and deserted, with • gnsK-gravn 
told a aad tola of departed prosperi^. The fihippinf; eotist*t4d of a < 
of com-taclen Swedish brigs aud otimorotui liaokrrfl : groups of ■ 
along tbo edge of tbe quay nod smoked, wblle tbo wat«r lapped sooti 
agAiosL tlie liidea of the boaU laziogtj resting in tbo evening siudi^ 

As I passed each gnmp, I was evidently criticized pretty fredj 
Bfl tbe obeer^'atioos were iii Irisbt 1 am aol ia a poRition to nrW 
bvonrably or otherwise. ', In answer to my inqairj, a respcct«bly-4i 
man, with honest bine oyos tbat impressed mo fnToamblj al &iS 1 
eame forward and announced btmself as Willuun Gilbert. I ktmi 
be was to start with tbe fiist of tbe A'h tide In the morning, and M 
difficulty in making an arnutgemcnt with him to bring me to !■■ 
which 1 (bund was an ialaod lying to tbe aortfa of A chill HewL 
beard mach of the sea-going qualities of the Irish Lookora, and a 
Ibcm with cariosity. They are generally bailt about twclro lot 
suremcnt; quite at vurtanco witb tbo gDnoraliy-reccirisl ideas offlO* 
going lines. Tbe entranee is beautiful ; rather blnfT ahoTtt tb« 1 
line; the top sides "tumbled home," nnUl tbo deck is not mack 
than half tbe beam. To my ideas, there was a want of be«ri&e al^ 
is not actually experienced ; the ma ie very eletui and Twy frw, 
tremendously raking utem-post, and OTCrhangiog coantdr 
couple of feet. Tbuy are outtor rigged, and appcur to !>« ratfacr 
masted for their nze ; bat the extreme lightness of their sails, 
of linen soaked in a mixtnre of tar and butter, enables them to oj 
much larger spread Ihau they could if tbe sails woro made of cao' 
qoestion if one of the R. T. Y. C. men would look aptm tbo 
safe mode of conveyanco in dirty weather, bat I haro had 
rieace of tbom in weather and in a sea that would havo dri 
boliday yachts' crows into a blue fit, and better sea-boats, 
wind, nerar brmrcd the many phases of the etorm'toesod 

Next moming, by six o'clock. I bad got my traps on boaid, 
"Flying Cloud" was bowhog along towards loBisIyro, with a ij 
southerly breeze on her quarter and the obb<tide under her foot, i 
sball I forgot tbo beauty of the sail down Clew Ilay on tbat 
mer's momii^. As mj j^ded past one after another of tbo 
and mxfy-fiTo islands that stud tbe bay, new scenes of enebi 
with bewildering rapidity. At length we swept past the li^i 
the "Flying Cloud" loapod with an eager boand tn the fin| 
tbo ff on bay, my son] revelled in as lovely a scene as over fpvoM (b 
of man. To tbosoatb, thoConnemara Monotains rearod th«>r porris 
mits, now batbed in golden sooligbt ; their oa£tem extromily. fonnad \ 
<liant Craagbpalriek, whoso corneal peak, oeariy thrve 
ahore tho •oB-leTol^eauVn «MulaT Koius tstCMA. Tub Vn^^^ 

aUK-FISHISa ON the west 00i8T OP IRELASD. 


WW were doMly stndded irilfa resideaees, from the masruung cabin 
bnlliftut wiUi whitevasb, to Uio sUUly ounsiDD snrrDanded hy its wooded 
demafDo, The oorth is watched nnd gaarded by the protecting um of 
the Molramij Monntaina. From oot the sjMrkllnf; sea, in tb« month of 
the bBLj, risee the green mass of C]are Island, from whose heights look 
down the rains of one of the DmnoroQS castles of the western prtocesi, 
Oraoe O'Malley, or Oron UaiBs, who in Elizabeth's retgn pro>tidly 
retained the royal " we," made var on her oei^boars, swept the western 
B«as with her gallors, and plAj«d aa many pranks before hi^b heaToa tut 
did liie Vii^in Qneon herself. 

As I looked Qpon the grand old moontains blausg in the sunlight, a 
frame of golden glory, in wliich was set the laaghiog bay «itb its enierald 
gem, my heart swelled within me m grotitnda to the Dtyioe AnhUcel, who 
had created a scene so lovely and ponnitted me to look a|ion ita besalies. 
On put Clare Inland ve sped, and now for the 6nit time I sailed over the 
great roll of the Atlsntic : great calm quiet mountains of water, ancceed- 
ing vseh other in endless BOeoeBsioo and huily completing their joomoy of a 
thousand mileit or more, as roll aft«r roll easts itself agninst the mgged elUf 
IV sinks to rest with n woary sigh, on the long reaches of the western strand. 

My companJoDs were agreeable in the oxtremo, and bcgruiod tho boors 
with many a tale: tales of shipwreck and death, of smuggling, of love 
aad rercogo, — and lore without rovMige, and rcTcngo withont love. 
Every headland, every village had its storr, — stories generally with a 
strain of good-humourod lawlessness mnniug through them — of a time 
when might was ligbt, and eoastgoards were not. Some were sad and 
melancholy enough ; ooa I remember, of a time io the dim past, when a 
good ship anchored in treacherous Keem Bny, bnt ut night tlie angry roll 
from a storm far oat at sea eot in, and, parting her cables, dnshed her to 
pieces oo the rocks. One yoong man alono was sared — roseaed by a 
wealthy peasant, who took him to hia honse, tended him with care, and 
with tmo hospitality invited him to remain during his good ploasnrc. 
After months of dallying about the dower-fleoked cliffs of Achill, the 
young and handflome stranger proved the truth of the old tradition aboat 
the danger of nnDg a person from a watery grave, by winning the heart 
and bouaying the trust of his preserver's daogbtcr, who bad nursed liim 
through bis iUneas, and " loved him for the dangers be ha<t pasaed/' 
Jnstiee was done npon him by a distracted nnd rejected lover, who earved 
the delmqnent with his " skecD," and threw bim over the elilT; but the 
poor rietim went mail, aod sat on the spot where her betrajrer had been 
thrown over, until sho died. And now the hooker man, as bo sits moon- 
ing at the hohn after twihght has departed, scarce dares lo lift his eyes, 
lest be should see on the cliff the phantom of " Mad Ally," with ont- 
atntehod hands, still wailing unavaiUng prayers to tho cruel sea, to give 
her back her loved betrayer whom it has hidden bom her sight fur over. 

lliis was " long, long ago " — bat those who love to trace om* Consti- 
tution haolt through the Uiddla Ages, aad t&Ta&mWT U[ift mwuj unftnxviA 



dming wbich £Df{laiid bos buwad to a saproau) hoftd.wiU bo mrpnMdl* 
hear that io this klagdum of Krris. oompriaing the miloa nod aSini 
trild bog OQtl mountain, wost of a lino dr&wo from Bal]jeaatl« in tlw Hxlb 
U> Newport in Uio Bootb, within tho memory of man. Ura King'' vinut 
WAR but A pioco of uniutdli^ble parchoiMit. ^«»v, nurn : is th« m^ 
part of Uiis cuutnry a ship Men witb a nduaUa carg(i eanw oikR ii 
Blaekiod Bay on dobnt«ablo ground. In tba grey dawn of a mamKt 
morning a Qoot of bookore wui dusoried bcanni; down from AnbiU Stmi, 
liulon with a reKimeot of jreomanry from tho 8bor«s of CUnr Bay, ytid 
by their colonel, who ueeumod tbfs pn:se to bo bia, aad Bronhtwl Uw kr 
gono gloricfi of Unui Uaillo by coming lo winex tt. Bak b* LulnoM 
without hifl host. Oa the didcorcry of hia inttmtionfl tba Bladnei |»- 
priotur tiimcd itoi hli rc^'imuutuf yaooumry, and a x. =7 asdwit' 

iug eu^a^timtjat foUowuil, caluiiitstiiig iuLbe root of U Uaj >i^ 

turen, and tbe successful anitexAttua v( Uie cai:go by tlt« Blaekaod mtL 
Weroimded Achill Head, vith its clifla two tbuoeand fool lu^ Mill 
lueridijui sun wa« biasing and Uiu brecu had bocomo a g«Btl« U^tiP' 
About ouo o'clock the breeze dtod %way eomplotaly, noil ibea ii)Banl 
iwo honra of— I am boond to eoofcsa— doop diaaomfort. Aa loD ifta 
roll passed aa, — calm us oil. raUiec abort, and ao bigb llial nhco m m^ 
m tbe trou^b we coold oiily jnet «oe Die top of the cliffy — oar eaQi Ml 
boom rooked eo fiercely that, to b&to tho mast, wo vore obUffed le kM 
them away. Hitherto all had been comfort and delight ; bat now. vtt 
tbe tarred and battered sail and boom planted within a foot of my do*' 
I sat in the coekpit, atid the int-xpro&Bibly sickening motion snob as 1 bi 
uovar before eiperieucod, I began to tael decidedly ** squcamiah." IW 
oomea a heave, straight up, a eligbt pause as aha reats 00 tba Uiftiit 
[foU, then down, down an apparcutly onfiithomabla stoop of vattf, aliA 
rifles on all sides ; ;uu sink iuto a voiitablo watery crater* wttb fn^ 
increasing velocity, until you ure Buddunty checked at tba bottwa,— M 
violent rockings, — most, boom, timbors, ovcrytbing on board ereato*' 
{•roans — then up, up the ele*tp nl the other side, until Uto mntnxfiiatyii' 
at tbe top auperrentis 1 I'll back a dead eidm in a heavy rail off A(tf 
Ilaad, to make a man go nearer to emaing bis fate than any olbet aaBail 
l«et for a smootb-irator stomach I 

Bowever, even a calm muHt end. As tba sun bind him avif 
lake bis erening bath in tba cool western wavoj the brMxa ^pua 
orer tho boa of the vators, and as the flist catspaw lippUd lfa« o4j 
wo boistvd our picturuiHjao but fuul-smclliiig sail, and soon gttdad pslt 
tho Head ; put Bevillavii Ifilud , where, a few mootha before, a siDr ^ 
(whale bad run himself into a narrow chasm, and not botn^ able to MUi 
died, after lasbiu^' Die hmi with hie IniJ for a week in franiio raps. Mil 
was dnly cnnvertod into oil by tho tfaankfnl isbmdcrs ; past tbe Uas 1 
soatb of lunisken Island ; roond a point on its eastern aboru ; and 
lovdy sami-eireular barbonr, where we droppud ouraocbor wiUiinai 
lof the"Vraterwit£b," onwWnsA^bc'a.BUxAm.'jUwtuIki 



hailing mo witii a bcarfy (relcooie. A Xov nuuatea lator nw me s&fu oo 
board Uw " W»t«mkb," « Krell-appoiuUd twdnty-Um cnttt^r, uul aoon th« 
Bootbiiif;; infin«nee of dinner disiiipateil Iho remembraneo of my lUne 
hooTB' roddog in tba " endle of the deep " oil' AchJll Hood, to Ui« ioUnby 
of the groaning cfaortu of mut, boom, planlu, and tiinb«r9, an<l Uu ant- 
powering odonr of tor, bntter, and bilgo-waler, 

Wo Bmokeil the calumet of peace afler dinner, as we dawdlod toi 
dodc. Mv trj>p« bad boen tranafen-eJ from the " Flying Cloud " — among 
other things, tho long box in nvbicb my eaimon-rods reponed. Brown 
•ppaand to observo it with eniioaity. I said, " By tho way, aboat thaae 
son-fish ; 70a did not say what luod of bait joa ased. so I have bnto^t 
gome large-sized minnowa,BpoDQfl,Ae>" Helangbadbearti]yt<^7inS>"Y<^ 
have made rather a mistake about tho utodut ojtenttufi of Bun-fiahing, a 
nattiTal one enough ; you will not require toot rode for that purpose. 
Uowurer, we may fa&re a day or tm'O at the Salmon before your retim.*' 
Ho then direeled a man bo hanl up a laigo boat floating astenii and there, 
in the bow, I saw two largo coils of two-and-a-balf-ineh cope, attached to 
either of which was a peculiar -shaped harpoon, with an iron abaok fire 
feet long, in the aocket at the end of which was inserted ■ ten-fbut 
woodoD handle. " These," sud he, " are the rods and lines I hope we 
^all have an opporlonity of asing to-morrow, when, H yon like, you 
riMlI make your d/bi/t as a harpo<nier." 

Ue then explained to me that tho eun-fisb of the west coast is not 
tho saQ-Kifh proper, bnt a basking shark, niensoriiig from Lweoty to fid; 
feet in length. They appear on tho ooaat abont Hay, and remain to 
the end of July, when they return, in small shoals eomctimoi, to the 
uorth-west. Very few of them are killed, as the iKlivndora could not 
tow thorn aaboro even if they Idllod them ; their boats being too light. 
At slack water they ore seen ulher basking, or porsniiig sbooJs of 
fish that swarm rounrl the detached rooks some miles ont to sea, that 
dot the west coast of Ireland. Tboir dorsal fin can bo seen for miles in 
ealm weather, as, when basking, it is about three feet above the wabir. 
The fish has an enormous Urer, all of which boils donn to oil ; as mnoh 
aa a hundred gallons having been extracted from the liver of one fisb. 
The crew of the " Waterwiteh " was four men, manifi'stly too small a 
nnaher for the capture of a large son-fish ; therefore, on fishing expe- 
ditioM, it was snpplemented by ten men from the island— who entered 
eagerly into the sport. 

At four u'cloek nest mormog 1 was awoke by tho noise of many 
voices, and the trampling of many feet on deck. We bad time to take 
a ploDge bto the pelludd w8t4V while the anshor wns being weighed, 
and at five a.m. we were standing for Achill, the yuobt Ivauiiig over to 
a pleasant sailing breexe, and showers of liquid sapphire tcnpjng from 
her bows. Moove was right. There is nothing like " tho wild freshness 
of morning." The miste were lifting from the Head, and as Uw danse 
pwrlaiB rolled np the monntoln, peak after >pmk Biu\«A \tAoxw«^%jbdut^ 


srm-riRinNo on tds vbst ooabt of ihblasp. 

with gold uid porple, foftooed \ij Bfatdovy greTS, nntil nt Isat Ibe «Ui 
moantuD with ibi BtapcndooB efiffs emerged, fivsh nnd aonlmg. tnm h 
moniiQg b«Ui of cloud. 

On board nil wu animitUon. The promiso of « glAU of vUi^li 
the happy man vho firat would right a Boo-fiah pat all on Um fBi» 
Fourteen pairs of ej«s were stninisg leaward : voma had 8wstw4 Tif 
Uie ihroads ; one had token possession of the erosa-traes ; whfla (Mltff 
colmlj lay a«ro8B the galT, aad held on by the peak halliards. Settil 
cnnlil hare b«en uoro pietoreaqne than the appejumieo of the ** 1hl» 
witrh " nnd her motley crow. The isl&ndeni, habited in their hoHi|a 
nhit^ flniiQcl. with RiUnamook cops, wvre iu every ooneeirabU f<dia 
on deck and in the rigf^g — their anxloao, weather- beaten, diujilj KOTJ 
faces h>oking as if they wore maslin mads of the eorerin^ of boBocMMb 
Yet they were kindly faecs wiLhiil, and looked as if iho cnnMnaaHii 
firm in friendehip, and ai fierce in hatred. 

We were bowling tUong merrily In the sonthward. Brows tall 
sitting eomfortahty on the weather-side, ehattixig orer onr prtfulnf 
sport, when a shriek Crom oar friend on the gniT attracted onr aUaba- 
With an exclamation in Irish, he precipitated himself forward, aa if bilii 
basn bitten in the rear ; down the weather-lift he simiig like a wabj. 
and boonded on deck from the boom, to olaim bis gUss of whisky: 1* 
hod eighlf^d a fish ! In the twinkling of an eye all was ohan^ : IM 
swarmed Lho men from aloft ; some mahed aft to haol in tha larp ht 
towing astern, and all was eonfosion, every maa spetkldng in Irish. Dtf 
I heard the language spoken by excited natives, I nerer knew b^r M 
a man eooM speak, yet make himself int^'lligible, ProbaUv if I ta* 
the language, it might soaud as eofl nod exprciisivo aa Irii^ 
say it is ; but to my untutored p.»x9 it sounded like an admirably 
imitation of an eieited fHrmynrd gobbbr. 

Brown soon reiitored things to order : baskets of prorisioD, aad 
sufficient for two days were plnrcd in the boat ; as somelimea a £w 
down the wind, and the lioat may be tout for a couple of dan. AO t* 
crew tumbled in, savo one of the yacht's crow, and an old Jstsnil* ** 
wsak to bo of mnch use in the rough work before ub, bat, kia MBapM* 
dedarad, a capital sailor. A quick look io see that tho harpooai «• 
all right, a hatobet, an old sword, and a ooaple of pikes in Ube boat. Ih*< 
with a ebser, ve east off the pointer and tamed her bead la w i il a* ^ 
The flah was sighted about a mile to windward of the ymebt. • dM^ 
that ten oan would soon got over : Brown looked most earefWD^ r* 
the ooila of rope; exptnining, aa ho did so, thai if tbe rope "k^st' 
and eaoght in tho notch through which itwM to payout after UhM 
Was atruck, the only chance of safety was to cot it at onoo with a lalckA 
aa the enormous strength of the fish, going downwards, aa theyahnp Ak 
with tremondons velocity, when slruck* would be snfieient to drig fr 
boat under in an instant. 

Tbe harpoon waa a pecuAuix fibK^e, t)<ai,te 4!tS«t«EX \Tt«b.'<^. 


eoN-nsHiNa os the west coast o? ibkulkd. 




whftltug uiitraiiteDt. Tho iroo L&Qillii was fivo fiaet long, nude of Cvc- 
e^bUi iiicb roond Swedub iron ; to the end of this vns nv«ted. at its 
MDtM, a two-fiiot IcDgth of iron ; odd balf waa flat, eodiog io a abarp efaiad 
adgd ; tho other balf wxs grooved, no Lbat. wboQ in tbo etrikJiit; poaitioti. it 
Ux along and parti; aroand tbe biuidle: tbo end vob aUgblly cturcd oot- 
presenting tba appeorancB of a aami-dflbuibed chip cut from a bar 
hy a batebet-stroko. 'Sha waa held in its plaoa hj a kH gnmunet of 
oakum, which prevented its opening dtuing tbo ddirery <^ tbe tbmit, 
bat at tho same tbno lofV it so loceo tbat tbo preaanro of the akin, when 
tbe barpoon paesod tbrouj^b, would foroo it OTtr tbe sbootder, leaving tbo 
harpoon -blade free. Then, wbcQ the fish polled and tba backward 
preimra earns against tho inaido of tbe eiUTod ond, it would opou about 
nine incb«B — a shoulder on tbe bandlo prrrenting it from going farther. 
All Uiis waa explaioed to me as we palliid tow&rds tbe biaek trian- 
gular fin, which moved slowly about, dtB&ppauiog at Umea for a minato or 
80. Brown insisted on m; making m,T &r&t assay in tho nobUi art of bar- 
pooningi and gKve me moat minute dirrations. 

•' Bememher," ho said, "tbo flsb has but one boDs—tbe baokbono^ 
which is aboat twolm iocbos thick. Tho groat object ia so to strike the 
fish tbat when the barpooQ openM, it will book undvr tbe booe ; if not, tbe 
Sesh is so soft and tender that it may draw out. Yon most be perfectly 
eool ; if you cannot ho so, be as coul as yon can : romemhor, there is no 
hnrry. The fish does not care a straw for the bont, which ia not half his 
me. Abont two foet beneath tbo dorsal fin you will see a whitish streak 
along bis aide ; strike him there, and downwards ; always remcmboring to 
keep tbe curved end upwards, that it may open round the bone. You 
most try to calculate this. When yon strike, do Jt with a will : tbo 
ineloul you feci hiiu plunge from you, seize tho hatchet, and hold it poised 
ovor tbe rope that will then be fijring out ; if it kioke, cut it for your life." 

Tho men were now steadily at work and perfectly silent. Tbe boat 
was a largo one, known on tbe coast as a " pookawn " boat, about six-and- 
tweoty feet over all, and six and a half foet beam. Tho hehnsman kept 
his eye on mc, as I was to show, by a wave of the harpoon, in what 
dtieelkHi be was to steer. At last we came witbia forty yard^ of tho fish. 
I was ttanding in tbe bow, holding the long ash handle of the hai-poon as 
a. man holds a leaping-poie. I carried oat Brown's dircetiooo by being 
*■ as eool as I eodd," and, I must confess, a miserable attempt it was. I 
felt my breath oome and go, and my nervas Ungte as I caught a glimpse 
of Ibe tendbly earasat &CB of the steersman, nnd thought of the ntler 
diflgraes of faUnre. Nearer and nearer wo plunged, tho oars bending at 
every stroke, the boat ploaghing through the water with a noisy rush — 
twenty — fideen — ten yards. I set my teeth, and, grasping tbo handle 
firmly, raised tbe harpoon for n throat ; I saw a huge %bt browu mass 
before me, more Uko n rock than a fish. I think I novor snOerod such an 
agony of delieioos excitement as at that moment ; a film came ovor my 
eyes, and dimmed ovuTthiox for n moment. I f<n^\. lYv "^to^i 
iaatrveUoDM, tmi woaJd most Ukely have misaed fti6\iTft\ft-, "VwA-^itftTW* 




v«n whhiu a few joxdB of him, tbe block fin disappeared, t^ bM 
plunged error tho spot vrhero U bad boeo, and down b«low, aboat d^a 
Duta feat, I saw Uio hn^^o luua sJonly aUibing. Sodi a mooalfft ■• 
Ihan doablo tbd aixo of Iho boat. I had novor mmib any Unng tbns« 
half Iho nu^nitado, aud tba first sonanUon was aomowbflt alaitfi^ Js 
we passed uvor tbe fisb. a sbout of dUappoiataaaal bimt Uwa U« cm. 
HowoTar, we got tho buat rotutd at oDeo* and had the happinea oC 
oar quarry rise to tbu snrfae«, oboni a himdred yarda ahead. Al 
. we vent ugaio ; this time I bad recoTored my eqnanimity, aid 
. detcnuin^d to do my part carefully. As we eame within aix or a^na 
of him» I iliBtinctly jHiTcciTed the whitish inegnlar atroak of vhlefa 
bad spokea. Jost ac tbe boat nrrivuil -nitbiu tbreo feel of him, I ybs^ 
tho hnrpooQ into blm with all my loi^t ; I felt it ^o in as if it wwre |^ 
tbroogh a mass of batter, and beforo he saok I tho handle a 
above that Bont it a coapla of foot iortbar. With the two, tba 
waa boiied over five fact — np to the socket. All thia took ]daM b 
instaot: then, with a fioree pltmge, be diaoppoared-^whir-r^r^r-tr ' -^ 
Ibo rope thron^i tho nolob. I seized, tba batcbiit and " atood fayi" «» 
Urown wntobed tbe rope oucoU with b'gbioioR speed. T'riawllj tlf 
noteb begoD to smoke ; then wator was throwo npoa it fratn Uma la £■> 
The fiah was atnick in about fifty btbonts, and went straigLt dowa toftt 
bottom to rot] himself for some time. As loon as tbe rope had eoMeilt 
pay ont, we all took off our caps and shonted till wo wore hoaae ; M> 
woru laid in : two moo placed on tho rope, and whisky serred mad ti 
prepare the crew for the stn^gle that would oommcooo in half an ^t, 
and last perbapa for sotoq or eigbt. 

In loBB tbaa half nn hour wo began to move to tho nosth-wesl il ^ 
rate of about five knots on hour. The lopo was held by two OMB* i^ 
watched tho direetiou taken by tbe fi&b, and indicated to the ulmiiiwfc 
way in which be ebotdd steer. After a socood boor fonr men aeiiei t> 
rope and commenoed to bear oo tho fi&b, taking in rope wheMvar ifcv 
' covld. Wb^n three boon bad pasaed the work of tbe day oommasal ■ 
samost ; every man in the boot sat ooe behind the otbar, and aeial ii 
rope, and uow commenoed tbe " {daying " of tbe fiah. As tha boitsil 
in tbe trongb of the sea we look in tbe Black, wbiob waa oanfiilly tcai' 
by the last man. Wben abe lifted to the next wave, *■ hold on all" *■ 
the word, and we thus lifted the mon&tcr a few feet. Xhe aamo biomm* 
waa repeated with every dip and rise iiiilil uumy fathoms bad boMtahV 
in. when the fish took a fit aiuS was oS with a roah, the ropa wftia^ 
'through our haodi as if we were so many infants. The fiiai rvshOTVA 
flopped till oii-er a huadred fathoms bad Sown tbrotigh onr bonds i ihtt 
neommeQced the laborious process of haalisg in, the mon ^'tv*"'*! tfti 
while, and telling stories in Irish that evoked hearty huightar froia tti 
Uatanm : as for me, altlioagb i could not underMaod tha vtooa*. I •■* 
masmsrieaUy " «a rapport " with the crew, and eqjoyed the f^'o Ta 
jtfonAfty waa ovidently Uio Vvl ol V>u v^^« ^o* »ttlea vt ■ 
rw«ind wHh delight ; but bna aoda!L i\ua^u« ^«t«^aiBsuM^\#i\j3^-«3:^ 

suNnasixa ox tse west oo^lst of ibel&kd. 


A I remarkod th&t lie took but soiftll {uut in liia phjueo] lotKior. At 
Bgtb, in nbUbg some adTentun vUoh leemed tkill of interett to tha 
, be iiuoatiDeDtly sat on the rape as U by unMS the thwart in n 
nneDtary lall of Ui« strnggle : jast ul the moment the fiah made a nub, 
ray went the rope, anil hi some mysteriovB maaaer away vent a targa 
lea of the tent of Tom Moriarty's white flamiol tnaMrs, wbila ha 
IDp»d op with a shout of pain and Uie ioevilable attendant Ration, that 
Bt the moo almoet into conTnlsions of Iau$;bt«r. Ite performod tha 
Bumdor of that day'a laboar on his knees ; ha had an ofcieetion, ho said, 
aiUing for so groat a length of time. 

This woot OD for hoon : noon had passed, and the son wag getting 
nsibly lower toward the horizon ; etiU the Qsh n'U appofently fnseh aa 

first. Xbrou^ the pahna of our hand« the blood was oozing, the skin 
ling frayed off by the Sying rope. We bad by this Umo bi>0D brought 
on thin twenty mDes to B«a ; tho monung zopbyr had dowloped into a 
Iff Wflstarly breeze, with OTory pnspeet of dirty weather, and the sea had 
Mome abort and Inmpy. Orion had been given that the yacht shoold 
Idt mder oar stem, not going mora than a milo to eithor mdo, and as 
M pMWd, we two or threo times beard what was ovidonUy an angiy 
tenati<m between the two men. At leogtb, as thoj swept by, the two 
■ilod the boat: Brown's nan naked plaintively what they meant by 

Ting him a barbarian who coold not speak Engliiib, wliUo the ifllaodar 

to his friends with oqaai bitterness of tho onspeakabU 

of Uagennis, who " bad oo Irish." We langhed at the eon- 

fnn/u, for which there was now no help. 

At length matters began to assume a more serious aspeet ; the wind 

m freaher, and to onr jaded mnacles it seemed that the fish did like* 

Tha sea rose higher, and now began to topple oror the bow of the 

wlieo the strain plunged her ngainst the waye. We were being 

:ally beaten. Oror two hundred fothoms had now been paid oat, 

len with a whir-r-r-r fifty more nm through oar bleeding hands, loaTing 
Gfly in the coil. Sumo of the men began to fonk, and Advocated 

rifieing tho gear and making (or home, btit Brown coold not listen 
p that for an instant Two ree& had been taken in on board the 
ftobt, all was made snug, and as they bore op for aa, she looked inTitiog 
iwngb for & weary nun ; bnl we had do intention of giving op the figt4 
Phile a fathom of spare sbeote, shrouds, or cable remaiaed on boiurd. 
A the yacht sailed by, now lying well over, with a streak of her deck 
nder water. Brown sung out to Magennls to cut away the topmost 
iroads at once and throw them to as on the next tnck. Up he went oa 
le instant, resigning the helm to tho old islander ; he had jost got aboro 
\o eroas trees when the old idiot let her luff into tho wind ; she wai 
ra^t on the top of n tumbling sea, and rooked with so fierce a Jork that 

Fw htagenuie's legs fly out for two or three s^frond^ like a pcunon. Wa 
him op for toett bat he held on like grim death, and oltimately 
ided in entliog nway tho shronds, which he Kbied \o xia cm ^id^ titnX 
Jfol n moment too ama did they come ; Nie \uiA tui>> \Ati \A3lcLcniA 



lefl , bnt faflppily, from tlin moueot ihey vere ao&t on botrd, laokcinfri. 
The Ush shov«d iymptaae of exbmsldoQ, and tn Uie deep |itchMof«l« 
had DOW boeoBu a duigoroasljr heavy wa, va h«a)«d in onr teft fate 
b; liUhom, till Init ton or Iwdvo faliioms strotobod botween mtakm 
qoarrj. A sooond hArpoon vu dov mado raaJy. Tha iitbii W 
beoomo aa bad and tha soa bo fai(;b that wo mask eilhflr kill Uh U • 
once, or cut Awav our goar and run for IU» faigfa elifb thai «MJH 
Tunblo &lK)ve the honzon. Elaborato [nvparatioDS trera taaitlatm 
onBBod oxorliou ; Boma took off their etockuigB and wooxid thin ml 
their hand*, somo held the rope in their Kilmarnock cap*. Xomrni 
nearer came tho fish ; I stood in tho bov with the •aeond haipcan fimL 
and whoD the Ijjige fin again broke tho Burfiu«, I plunged it dcm ^d 
my might, uutil the iron vu completely boried. 

Like a flftiih of tightnin); awnj be di\rl«d, seemingly ta Emk u ft 
firel. Ab ooil nfter coil iiev over Iho itde, v« looked at 4'-iidi o6tr a 
blank despair. Fifty men would not have atoppod that msh, ail • 
hopoe Bank to zero. Snddenly the apead slockeoed, and onrj ■■ 
eagerly closod his grasp npon the rope. Joy t the fish had itorpd. 
Cheerily no haoled, as we had done before many hundred ttmea Iktt Af 
Agaiu the barpocn handles emaiged from the water, luid this tiataeM 
a half hitch roimd the stem ; then four men got ont their oan io kMf ks 
Btero avT&y while the dentlt stmgglo was being fou^l. Boon as aK «■ 
ready, np we hauled nntil Vm back toncbod the boat alem, and lba« 
plunged into him with pikcit nnd sword, ono man even it^ j 'tifig il !■ 
with the hatehot, nntil tho sea wu deeply lingod with his blood ; vld* lb 
fitih Bent tho water over as In clouds of spray, as be hiahod it wjtk Im |»- 
derons tail in the vain endeavonr to ftnnihilntn ns : which he wooHIim 
done bad bat one of his tremendoos blows been properly dimetad. 

no died at last, and cheers of triompb signalled our nniniiiM Ba 
was indeed rental sport. And the crew, vhile thoy graap«d «^ oBvi 
hands as oar boat, anofaored to the hoanng monster now ao ponriA 
rose gallantly to tbe angry waves, showed by their joyfiU Uam k^ 
glorious is the delight of those wbo feel that they hava liod mat's ««d to 
do and have done it well. 

However, otir advoiturea were not ended by the daath of tba M. il 
the yacht came astern at ns, Iklagonnis threw her in tbe wlml ia tu^ 
alongside, sboating to the old man nt the sane time to caai off tb^ 
sheet. Tbe islander mimmderslood the order, until tbo holm, haiddaaai 
showed him the intention, wban he mshod to the sheet M onoe i h^ il 
preoiooB moment was lost. As the yacht ranged alongalda, kar fiva M 
vaa tossed four or five feet oat of tbe water, and remained for as iailNl 
poised above the boat, whose deetmctioo appeared ineritabU. 

Keane. the leader of the island erew, was at the momant tn Um Im*. 
having charge of tho tines that held tho fish. With a plaek that did ba 
honoor be never fUucbed, but stack to his charge, beading aa low as W 
eoald. Every man to iho \>oal, ztm Com, duohered ovnr tho yacht ■ 
tido a»i{ by magia ere bot toro tocA daacnoWL 'ftcqwc^^^ ^vjq«Hn.;W. 

BtmriaHmc os the west coast of iheland. 


. seized the wire bovGpril-ehroad, ood fondod off tbo boat wilh the energy 
'of deepair, and to oar ansp««IuLble joy ibe vHcht't tieta chopt>ed down 
■^Doi an inch onttiide the boat's gnnwale. An exctam&tion from Keaco 

■ *Bliowed that sometluDg vta amiss. Oo looking round we fouud him 
t - extADded in the bow — the bohsta; had caagbt him in the side and 
» brolieti ono or his ribe; bat poor O'Connor had hnd eren worse, for, 
H]n the downward chop, the bon-Bprit shroud bad cangfat hi£ rorohead. 
Band torn the fleab away into the bon« firom th6 hair to the «;dbrotra, the 
fflap banging oror bta oytrs, and his iaoe presenling a horrible spectacle, 
r We got them both on board, and made tbem as comfortable oa we eonld 
i^tuiilcr the eircTiiDst&ncos. 

■ It WAB a tremcndoas job (o haul up Ihe twenty feet of the head put 
of the fish Ih&t bang downwards &uui the dorsal fin ; but at len^ we 

»tDno^d to pass ft ehun cable over the head, and made the aooso faet 
by paaBiDg it amlcr the gills, of which there are firo at either side. We 
brood^t the cable over the taflrail and tooud the mast, and as thi; shades 
^ of night began to close aroand us, we tara«d tbo yaebt'ii head to the eust. 
%Vilh sail redawil to eloae-reefcd mainsail and storm-jib, we straggled 
I IbroDgh tb« night. It blew more than half a gale ; the seA no litenilly 
higher than oar most, and sometimes threatened (o poop oa, as the 

IeBOnnons masB that we towed astern held ns almost eUtionary. Althoagh 
w* wen goiiQ dead beton the wind, wo did not make more than three 
knots an boor ; aud morning hud idnxndy dawned ere, wearied beyouil 
txproBsioo, we glided oace more iLto Inoiskoa harbonr with our prize 
in tow. 
Scarcely was onr anchor down, when a handrcd boats nurrounded as, 
and welcomed as with noisy demonstrations of delight. The prize was 
a good one for thorn, as, by arrangemont, hnif the fish belonged to those 
who had AaniAted in its capture — no mean ban), considoriDg the ralue 
' of the fish. A proeeaniou of bouts was formed, the cable cast off 
from the must, and the Bah was towed ashore ; whore, whoa the tide 
left him, I bad the pleasure of hearing that be was the largest ever 
killed there, measariog foriy-two feet in length, and eighccen in girth. 

»A fast boat ^tu despatched fur the doctor, and our woondt-d sent 
ashore; and all that bright summer day Drowu and I slept the calm 
sleep of those who hare earned their rest tiy hard work. The storm 
had passed away, and as we sat on deck that evening Bmoking our 
poAl-prsitdial pipes, while tbo red rays of the dedioiog sun kissed Uio 
blabbing bill -Lops a soft "good night," and over the boshed waters of 
tbo bay cumv wafted the strains of a rude melody, softened by distance, 
tniugted with the light laughter of the happy island maidens, I boaved 
a sigh of pity for tbo aqmiiic dandies who adorn the windows of our 
yacht elnW, and for those who waste their time pottering from oae 
cbaoDel port to aoothor, while the west coast of Ireland offers a glorioit 
sport, as Ihr superior to any other afforded by the Britisfa l&lca as io 
E6x-buntbg to pigeoD-sIanghter. 


£^t Casuistry of Jfoumalism. 

XlBMaiiitUD by thfi ward CtauUAry a Bystrai of niU* 
gcDfiral priDoiples of morKlB to parUcolar canes. Tbo umui hu tiltei 
disrepute, piaily beeanw Uut prindplM mlh the applioaiioci of 
is moet imaoeiaieA are no loogor generaDy reoflivad* aud pul^J 
tho application of thorn oflen erred from over sablletT. Bat 
hamtn actions ore regulated bj concAptiona of right mad wkn^I 
mtui aaei vhetber it bears its own namfl or another. It nal 
eacc ia Uiis rofipoct what standard of rigbt and wrang Is tii{ti' 
Utilitarian moralitr has iU casatstrr just as much as the monfitMii 
foQDd themsetTea on tho conscionfio of man or on tb« will of God. 
conflict of duties, even/ oosasion on which a ganerml rale of tovl 
to be suHpendod or modified, ndcessitatoa a roeoorso to iiaiiuMij 
plainest and most untTersal injunetion canaofc alwajrs be s^rplisd 'dtat 
considaralion or qaalifkation. If j onHiistiy in ita relation lo jtaimim. 
I uaderstand the rates bj which boDOursble men gnida thfl mw h^f m 
sdooaly or unconsciong]; in writing for ncwspapert — tho mJatitUi^kf 
which they determine what thoy shall write, and in what Joonab if 
shall write it. This is not a complote dofinitioo of tho 8ubj«et, Imwr" 
ooljr applies to eontribntors to newRpapcrs, whereas the miaawhiAf^^ 
tho relations of editors and proprietors, vhethcr (o ea^h otbar M l> h 
public, equally belong to the casaistry orjoomalism. Bat it iatam^ 
snflieient accuracy the particnlar part of the subject of whiah it is W 
proposed to treat. Jonmalism is more and more token tip as a |in6» 
by edHcntcd men, and thoso who rcgolarly practica it are onhr lhs>HiM 
of a still Inr^^r army of auxiUnries. Oo&soiiaeiilly tho fa wit tii if fti 
sabjact, the rales, that is, which goTOTti the application ofgenecmlpRBtll^ 
to the partioolar eases which arise in the actual axporienea of JoBDsiik 
will have a practical interost for a oonsiderablo aomber of »«>■■> t 
ongbt, moreover, to haTO an indirect interest lor n mooh taiMr WK^ 
Probably tbere is no profession about which then u« ao nuf h^l 
notions afloat as Joumahsm. Allboufi^i pobtic opitiion on wbolo i 
8iild«cta( and thoso Tory importmit subjects, is mainly farmed bv Ihti 
papan, little or nothing is known of tho moral aaaana by whioh ^ 
areor profMstobeRoidsd. Uost fairly inteUigtot layaem liacw j 
of tbft theory by which an ndvocote justifies biB na^eat to widoitBhaft* 
daToaeo of oveiy canso. or a doctor his rsfiual to leU a patioat Uw Ml 
abont bis condition. Itut the crudest fancies about avwwpmmt wdM 
are conktantly to be mot with. I haToheardaTsry wcU-infonandvoi* 
maintain the theory thaVa iouma^ii^^iu aawmeh li^ to d«l«od « <^ 
in irhich fao does D0tb«U«Ta ua.^)ain<UK^>a\A%R&iaM^%- 


iiiDo«eaH ho sospocta, and a vboto shoal of ooauaoDpIi«es sbuat writiog 
lo order ihow that tbo □otion is br from being an tmeoiamoii obg. If to 

^old thii low opioioD of aewiipftper writers led to gr«at«r IndepeDdance of 
lit oa the part of aerrepaper rcadori tho commanit; might parh^a 
by the nomsrited dlflgraee of a parlieolar olaas. Bat the ioEaence of 
atwspApers is not t«ssoiied by the &ol that joiirnaliaiii is often regardod u 
a profiwnon ezMptiosaUjr ex«mpt bcm profosnocal rcetraiata. Tho 
publM elings to Us gaid«8 doih th« tew bliudly because it eo oftoo pro- 
Blaiou itM want of belief in their bonestj. In what foUowa there is no 
AtteiBpt to eonstntet n eod« of joomAUatiomaralify. All that wiU bo done 

iis to give a f&w cxampUa of the kind of ^eetiooa which present them- 
I to the coD8oicDce of the jonniaLisl, and to indicate the way in whioh, 
opinion of the writer, they onght to bo answered. 
The c&Boistnr ofjoamaUsm, as rogarda conlnbalors, may bo Bommod 
up in tUree geQeml nilea. Fixst. a joomaliat ehoold wtito nothing which 
he doea not believe to be Imo ; iccondly, h« should write only in joomals 
of wboBO general eharaeter he approTos ; thirdly, he should agree with the 
jonmal to which he contribatea apon the ohus of sobjoels on which be writ«B. 
The first of these roles is happily not very difficnlt to carry ont in 
practiee. There are newspapers no donbt in which the writer of & load- 
ing article is at times little more than the channel throagh which tbe 
{daaa of Lbe oditor are eonreyed to tbe reader. A eloscly written sheet of 
note papor oonslitatoB his brief, and all ho has to do is to pat the contents 
into the moat tolling Benteaees he can doviso. Bat eveo hero the rale, it 
may bo bopod, ia only half broken. If the journalist in qnestion does not 
write what be belioToa to be tmo, it docs not follow that he writes what 
bo belioTQs to bo false. Uoro often ho whtoa that of which he doee not 
know whether it ia the one or tlio oLber. If be i« worth retaining on tbo 
bUiIT of any importiLnt journal be is not likely to remain long io this state 
of ignoraoco, and in most cases increasiDg knowledge will bring wiih it 
stronger conTlotions. There are infltanees, no donbt, of men of real 
politieal ability who remain to tbe last tho mere hired swordBmon of their 
employer for tbe time being. Bat the race is dying oat, partly bom tbe 
growLb of a higber conception of professional morality, and partly from a 
eonespoDding change in tbe reqatrements of newspaper readors. As a 
role, it may be eaid that no eelabliahod joomoliBt is now asked or ex- 
pected to say in the person of the editor that wliicL be would not say in 
hia own person. The Bt»IT of a newspaper is nsaally large onongh to pro- 
vide genuine ropresentativcs of aU tho views set forth in It, and tho 
adranlage of having tho will of the wriltir n-ilh him as woll as bis pon is 
obvioos eooogh to strike even tbe Uasi sompulons oditor. Tho qaaUfica- 
lions of this fijst role are two in aombor. An article ought in alt eases 
to tadieate tbo dtifi of tbe writer's convictions, hot it is not always naeee- 
sary that it shoald indicAto (uUier tbe amonnt or tho grounds of his con- 
mlioiu. The Diet, for usamplct that be adroeatee a oertAin Goreniment 
bill oogbt to be ooncloxive evidenoe that bo wishes tbe bill to qkib. Ha 
has so botsindss to tiOameQ his reodeta in EaTooi t/i % \aMxax%\L'^ Si 



bU the Um« liopiog that the dirision wiU go a^iuDSt lU Bot bis ^A M 

'^6 bill shonld pasB m&jr Kprcsoat noUting moro Uiui • hira UhmiI 

imeul. Tbti rauDnfi for it may ftppear to him «s ton, Uh !■■■ 

ogftinBl it as Diu«. Uo bns to come to a oonoliuiou on* w»t pi tb««iM^ 

and he QeoesMrily prooonDus id faronr of the aide on which tlM m^ 

are as Ian. Bat if ho wora to ailow the prooeaa bjr wfaieb ha haa biMI 

tiuB eoncloeioD to bo disclosed in his articlo, it migbt as well not hmkia 

lirrittoo. Me& are not pcrsnodcd hj careftillj ImlIuiomI alaliwali ii 

rhieh erei; reaBon is capped by a difficult/, anil aver; difficcltr w w< 

by a reaeou. A writer vbo is »i(iiif>ed th»t a blQ ongbl to paa ail fr 

'Ilia boat to make it paas, and be irill not be doing his lieat ir ha niUt a 

one wbo thinks that the argnmoote agaioat it are not moch \em we^ 

thaa the argameats for it. That the; are Uaa weigfatr anppliea mt6^ 

iigroand for action, and, con«ei{uoi]tlT, aufficlent (•ronnd for witUsIN 

f'^ODnderatioiis which would lend to paralyse action. Again, the MlB 

a wziter'a miod fur withing a liiU to peas mmy not alwvjs be iM 

to which he gives most prominenoe on paper. The piiitBBst (fi 

MiDistrv, to take a common iuBtaneo, maj be bonnd Dp with.^ the mmm 

*of a partioolar measoro. If a joursalist baa mttsfled himadf ftal tt* 

rbeoefit to the eonntry of kM>ptnf; tbe Miniiitry in offiea cmtw«fba w 

!)arm tbnt eon be done it by the bill in qnestion, he will probaMy^Hi^ 

to support the biU, thoogh if it stood simply on ita own meritB hi a^ 

oppose it. Rapposing that he were to say frankly : •' Thia is a bal tt 

I and I only support it hoeauae the coneeqneQcee of rejecting ilweaM^ 

'worae than the consoqaancos of passing it," his support wonU U ««(tt 

nothing. Given, therefore, that he ie right in onpportisg it, baw3b 

right in making out the best c-oso ho oon for it. He OD{thl do( la ai 

its faiUts rirtuea, but he is not obliged to call them fiuilta. B« «i 

him et patUng the beet lide of the bUl beforo hia readeti ; 1» ^ 

dff-ell na much as be honestly can npon such merits, wfaetbor of sA > 

execution, aa it bapps&B to poesoss ; and be will learn ita shorteootu^lili 

'pointed out by others, except so fat as bwaotioeof them may leaJiaM 

' heing amended. These considerations do not only influeneo him aate^ 

^hia readers, they have to be taken into account in dealing with aa eUB> 

) A writer sometimes finda thai ho will be alloired to advocata a partild> 

polier, provided that he does not do it too wannty, or to stale all that caa U 

said fur his own view of a qiicettan, provided that be states the othar sill* 

nell and leaves his readers to judge for tbomaalfes batwvorn the twiL B* 

would greaily prefer to give the rein to his entbnaiaamt and to lell ba 

readers openly to what cnnelnsion they ought to coma. Bsi if he ralbMti 

write in this reaerred strain, some one else will have to provide tbaartak 

and when oneo tbe editor basset ont on a voyage of diMtorary, it auyhia 

ea«y for faim to find a reeniit who is prepared tn write againat the pokiy 

I Iti qaeation, as to find one who is nilJing to write modertitoly in lavaar M 

Consequently, the eouLrihutor consents to write with an air of irtf- 

rvueo and impailiolily whWU taUs x^x^ tax ^boti of his gmoia^ eec* 

iMoaiiM he haUavas thak. «n«a ^ritia ^Sokm. ^nniVM^i^ t«. 



tioD iit6 eu& u stated by Mm will do more to cany hU nftdcn id tba 
dIncUoD 1m wifiLes, than the soma case as statod hj onotbcr peisoo. So 
agaio, in tba maU^r of oditoiial eorrcctious and additioos, a coatiibo- 
tor will make large allotranco for them so long as Iboy do bnt ipalifjr or 
•ofloa wliat he has vritlou. U is only wbon be U made to amy aouetlUDg 
that ha thuilcs ootnte that ho resiata the process and refuses to 'nita 
further on the anl-jcct. 

It DULjr be thoujjlil pcrliaps that a strict observanco ot tfala firel ral« 
makea both the othera onnecaEsaiy. IF a mac writes Dothing bnt wbathe 
bcUenm to be true, why sboald it Diatter where ho writes it 7 An editor 
is prapvrljr held responsible for cverytbiiig that appears is bis paper, in* 
asmucb ha uotbing can appear in it witboat hi^ conxent. Bat a eontriba- 
tor baa uo control uvur any bnt bid own articles, and there can be no need 
to make Lis rcsponsibiUty more than coextensive with his eooLroi. There 
la a pIuiiBible uir sbool this reasoning, bat the instiaota of JQonialiata ore 
ngainstit; and where men's iDstiocls point in an oppoeitc dirct'tion to 
their iatercsls, thoy are ubually safe guides. It is guicrally felt that a 
litberal writer ought not to contributu lo a CaDseTTKlivc paper, or a Con- 
Berrative writer to a Lib«:ral paper, even though his arliclps deal cxcln- 
BiTely with subjects ou which be and the conductors of tbu pa^iers are 
at one. It will be shown imniediat«ly that this principle is snbjt>ct to 
several qnalilicatioos, but wttb proper allowance for tliese, it in a 
thoroughly sound priueiplo. By oontnbatiDg to a journal, a man doei hia 
best to help its circulation. Bowever low an esUmalo be may form of 
liig own work, he must know that the editor thinks it worth paying for. 
It will oflon happen, indeed, that the withdrawal of a parttcniar wrilor 
flrom the staff of a jonmAl makes no dificrence wbate%-cr to its success. On 
tho other band, this succnKS is sometimes Toiy largely due to the work 
done by a single contributor : as the phrase commonly goes — the paper 
was made by so-and-so. For the most part, the popularity of a news- 
paper is the prodoct of many diSereot elomenta, and it is impossible to 
am'gn (o any one of them its precise value. There U no escape, there- 
fore for any rognlar contributor to a journal from a share in the respon- 
sibility of its cireulatiou. A paper is bought and rvjid because it is what 
it is, aud every oontcibuLor has a share In mukiug it what It is. On 
the other band, there is so much diilLTcnce of opinion now-a-days on 
every important subjuci, that If libioluto identity of \-iews wore to bo 
demanded from tbu sUiIT of a oewspaper, jounialiam must come to ua 
end, or at oil events hare to bo abandoned to men untrammcllod by 
any principle whatever. 

Ooing on, then, to the remalniug rules, the next in order is Hint the 
general sharacler of the journal should bo one which the lATitor appnsves. 
From this point of view oevepapora may be said to fall under tbrA 
heads. lu the first place, they miiy exist for the purpose of supporting 
the rievs of a polltieal party, whether in ofBeo or in opposition. In this 
case their conducton may claim to be judged by the BtuidudL cn^vu'&rfvj 

TOL. xvmLSO. SG4. \'^. 


tnfi ciBtJWrfiH 


apt>Ufld (o party comVioftUouB. The tueasoR) of a mecib«r o^j 
monl's obligation to vote for motiraiB which ha dulikai, bMUMft 
brought forward b; the port; vith which bo is maaodaUd, Is tba 
of the obligatioQ lo rapport such moiiong which reats apoa the t£b) 
piLrfy journal. In Ihg Beeood plac«, Qowspapen may be iaiepcn 
that is, iboir political chaiaeter may be determined by the opinum 
editor, not by those of any party l«&ders. Joumalism of this ijft I 
adnuitage and a diaadvantago as eotupared with party joanuliniL 
advantage is that it supplies an ioflaeoco wliieh sbitos to mo£Q 
correct party filing. The danger of party organixations ii Ibri 
oftoD put obodienco to their orders in the plaoo of inquiry or codiUa 
of their ovrn. All the members of Ihe party more with thu Ic^ 
with tho wiro-pullers who often control the loadon. If the 

thoy read do tho same thing, tho last refbga of ii)dop«ndeiit Ibiq 
taken away, and the party gospel is auepttxl nithoat cpiestiMt orb 
tiou. The disadvantage of independent joaraalism is that mlo 
cireomstanceB it may exercise an inflDenoB greater thjta it tttSiji^ 
to exerdse. Tho impersonal authoril; which belongs to ao Ei 
newspaper may represent nothing bat the opinioa of a sJogle ; 
well -concerted political more, to the sncecss of whicli the ea-opaali 
n whole party is indispensable, may be thwarted by n nowvpcpir « 
tioD which, if it were openly offered Id Ibo Home of Commons, m 
at ODce set aside as a mere individual crotchet Is tho third pba, 
papers may nim at giving expression to tho paMic opinion of the 
la this case their object is not so much to iodaeneo opinion as \6 
iU Tbcy set themsolren to ascertain wbat is lilutly to bo tho panb 
npoQ every questiou, and they advocato that line with all the tit3 
can command. Their readers are enabled to go in n eertjun Sn 
more deeidodly and intelligently tlmn they would go withoal a acn 
to lead them ; but tho direcUon is always the one lo which Ihoy in i 
selTes inclined. A journal of this ^rpe has no fnebold in ttsopti 
it is only a tenant, with tho right of givipg up its tenancy wilhoDl 
If it snddenly turns ruQud npon Iteclf, and aba9«B to-day what U 
yosterday, it is not because it has changed its mind, but t>«eaa*v 1 
corrected a miscalculation. It is the minister of the poblie, not 
in the seose of advising its sovereign what to do as in the aooM et ft 
roasoDS to justify what he has already resolvod to do. It is cot hit ^*= 
to in<]iiire whether these several varieties of journaliam mrv 
That belongs Lo the easnistry of joumnliam oa it afToct* ed 1 

cootribator, according to my reading of bis daty, is bonnd U' j, 

mind as to the legitimacy or illegitimacy of the typo trith whirb b< a 
%Dlf conconied. If he considers that the nocosGily of niipporting mm 
with which they have no real sympathy, ondej* whit^ tho i«bdii 
of a party organ labour, is a demoralising nfccsnu ' c bnUi 

they ought to opeak Ibeir minds franlily npon all oc* . i uprr.' 

Kabjeel without retjard to ttw> A\ii\n\«^^\an% lidwft. ■vVvOa. kt 
may iuire upon jK^Ucal or^^TUaaalAOtiA 'u^ %&^ oo^ <A i{a:f&kb„^^^, .^, 

TUB cabiiibthy or JocBNAUmi. 



to hATc Dothiog io say to a party jonrn&l. If. oa Ihe eontnry, lio u eon- 
Tiiioed that somo enrrender of tDdividooI conTictioiia k onavoidslili nnlosa 
poUtioang iiT« willing to nbKiidon alt the adTostagea tliat ueompuiy ooo- 
eerted action, h« may eontriboto to a party joomal vith a clear eonseicnos. 
In tbe Bomo my a coatribntor may be more impressed with the importaaoe 
of retaining tho corroctive to parly exlraTa^atwe which is Dttppliad by in- 
dependent journalism, or with tho mtsohief of llie check whidh il impoMB 
npoD party oo-operab'on, end, according aa one or other of Iheee tiowb pro- 
pooderatos in bU minil, he will decide to write or not to write in an inde- 
pendent joonial. Again, he may he content fn his eapadty of jonmalisl to 
follow public opinioD, or be eonvinced that bis hnsiDoas is to gaido it, and 
liui reUttooB to a simply loflectiTfi jonnial will depend upon which of theae 
eoneloaions he ndopta. The rale that the gooeral (Aiaimeter of the jonma] 
ahoald be one that ho npproTos Icares a writer free to make lua dunce 
between Ibeae altemstiTes. AD that it requires of him is that he shonM 
make it deliberately and in good faith. 

As regards the Isst of the three typen of jonmaliBm that have 1>oen 
mentioned, the third nile>— that a writer should agr«e with the journal to 
which ho contribntcs npon tho class of Bohjects on which he writes — can 
faaro DO meaning. If bo has satiBfiod himself that to present the pttblle 
Opinion of the moment in the moat convincitig aspoct is a legitimate object 
for a jonrnal to pnrsne, bo need not troahio himself abont the merits of 
tho particular opinion eo presented. As regards the other two, howoror, 
mere sympathy with the general eharscter of a journal is not enough. 
To approve of party journalism means to think it oxpcdient that each 
of the political parties in the country should faaro newspapers cnmioUtuig 
and defending its own acknowledged principles. To approve of iode- 
pondcot jonmalism means to think It crpodicnt that there Bbould be newn 
papers forming, so to say, independent eorporaliona composed of writers 
who sufficiently agree with one another to work harmoniously togetber. 
To write, therefore, in a party journal whicli sapports a purtj* which you 
do not support, oriu an indopcodout jouraoi whoso indepeuilcQco is shown 
in advocatiog piinciptos to whicb yon are opposed, wonld be an aet of 
obrions inconsisteney. 

Giroa then, that a writer ban made np Ms mind that he may con- 
tribute with a safe conscience to a party jonrnnl or to an indcpcndeot 
Journal, within what limits may he uie hia liberty? Hois bound, I think, 
to inqoiro whotherthereisasRhstanlisI agrooment between himsulfnudtbo 
journal to which he cootnbulca in respoct of tho purpose with which it is 
conducted. But tho purpoflet^f a newBpappr i«tisnnlly anouD of multitude. 
It baa a pmpoae in it« politiBal articles, n purpose in its religious articles, 
■ purpose in its reviews of books, a purpose in its criticism of art. To 
■tipninto for agreement l>etweea editor and contributor npon nil these 
points wonld he to exact an imposaibiliLy. As a guido in pnieticc, I 
^ think the rc<ioired agreement is dofinc-d nearly ouougli to tliu tblrl rule 
I given above. T have there called it nn agrcctaonl q\K)u Ww; lAa^ft (il ^rafe- 
H>iTl9 opoo irbicb tha tioDtrilnttor is actnetotncd \h vrnUs. \V iav$ 




TfiE CASCIBTBY 01? JoU nil ALI fiH. 

be ultjuot^d tluit this is m&rcly the fintt rala orur »gMn. W<a Imm mt 
that a joornsliBt most writ« ooUiijig bnt tbnt which be beliarat !■ kb». 
and if he is coiudsUul in thi« raspcct bu will Qocotfaatiljr citiMt s|nt ** 
tli« jonrDal in which be writes npon the aabjeuts on which im vriki tf 
not be allnwoil to wiito npoo tbom. But Ly diisa of Bofajaeta I bmi 
divisioa of tixLrumu gcuer&Uty, sucU a divi^iou aa is an«icnto94 ^ 
R distinction ia drftwn botveco the iMilitin^I and the ccelcriaitfod iHi i 
a nmn'H minil. or when a tDui is said to bo a ComsnutiTo En hmI w^ 
ten, and a revolntioniitt iu art. I do not ileiijr thftt wbojj purely ttds* 
•olijectfi lire coiiecnieil, tlio Mopo of the eloaa m^y be tut hxalii. I 
wrttar may contribute Ivgul, or nrUsUc, or nnneal article to *> 
with wliose geaaral principles bfl bos no 8}nnpatby. Bot as rtpik 
greater 8ul^«ctK of politieii and religion, Iho ogrecmant oaght to W 
comprohenHiTe. Othomiso the main ohjoot of the rolo will he 
There is scarcely any juumal, uo matter how (lifTfriiut its polilici o^f li 
from his own, with which a jouraiUittt may QoL&ad hiina*ilf from tiratWl 
ngruoiiig upon eoioo isoktvd quoelioo, and if he ie Iborefora at Skatj 
writ« upoD th*t question, he muy in Llw coonu: of Umo have contriWii^ 
the jouraola of ovory pohtii^ piu-ly in turn. PoliLicH corer «p lai^l a 
that Homo Bubdivisiou of it is penuissibki : bat wbon a line luf 
diBWu l>etw«o» foretgu politica and home poUlics, and in boiM 
bot«x'cn pnrlionientary and auciol politics, it ia uot wioe to f^ 
March aftor distioctious much farther. 

This g«Doral rule that tlio writer mnat agree with Ibo jonnial ii 
bo writes, upon Iho Balijocts on which ho writes, is snbjoct lo 
quolificuliiius. Tho first is, that the agreement mast b<? ' 
tnther tliau oT opinion. The uuieJi in which tho eoiulu 
pApcr ani absolatel}' at uo«. STen upon qodstions uf the ijrst loi 
axceedinglj rare. Few poUtioions accept the whole partj' eroedi 
parUei) whicli achieve most ore uHaally those in whicli Uao ctisenl 
are aa few, and thi< open quealioos as mauy, aa posablc. Upon tbil 
tho journalist must io every case decide for himaeU. Sappoaiof U^t: 
Bulyect is parliamentoi^ poliLica, he oaght not to write in a 
juomal if he ia a Liberal, or in a Liberal jonmal if ha is : 
But I luiow of uo iufaUiblo rule by which he con aseeriahi 
journal is moAt properly colled Lil-crol or ConfiurmU\-o. H« mnttifa* 
its general drift and bcadeocy, and form his own coiiclnsii>iiti. It a^ 
that a very groat divvrjjuiiee from the opiuious usooUy held by piJitinM 
calUog Ihomnelves by tho some name ought not to bo regarded oii btel ** 
the ehumt auy more Ituui Lord Salborue'a squiratiita from his par^ oatW 
question of tho Irish Chttroh prurcuted him at a later diLt« from tob^ 
office under Mr. Gladstone. It is oloor again that jonniiUs, liko bidindtf 
poUticiaus, may go on calling thamsolTea liboraj or Cotuarraliw Wif 
nflar they have TorfuiUid nil real title to the iiaiite. Tho d»«iuo« 
ol thuic alLernatiTe judgments ia moat applicable to auy part-'..'-- 
Siiut be arrived ul thioagU « cu«M «om<vaTWA.c^ vlud llto v . 
sUfida by tbo Xaaia, wd 'w'UaX tlit ^q^tm^ atgrna \ft ■cafast^ t.^T ,^ "v^ t 


The OAsrifiTRT or joitbsalibm. 







enqoiiy is honestly nuulo, there viU not often l« mneb diillcnlty in 
briugicf; it to r laeo^-fsfol eod. 

The second qnalificaUoD to this nU miij be more arniratel; described as 
■ caatioQ in applying it. Tfao relolioD of tbe joanuLUat to the doss of 
mtrjwts OQ wblch be writes sbonld bo tmiatstakeable. Thtu, sappoiung 
that ft writer, who is a Lilwral in pnlities, and a High Cbnrcbman in 
eeelcstostical matters, is asked to contribat^ eeclesissUcal articles to a Cod> 
servutive newspaper, his answer woold. I think, be different according as be 
is a rlergjman or a la^an. In the former enao he might accept witboat 
hesitation, beeanse his profession makes it perfecUv natural that he sboold 
write oa tfaifl class of snbjects, and conswiuenliy ha might do ho in uny 
joomal wilhout being easpected of agreeing with its scenlar politics. 
Id the latter case the natural subject for him to write on in a news- 
paper is politics, and any one who beard that he was writing Iq a 
ConBerratdTo joomal would be Ukelj to aasamo that be had become a 
CinUBrrative. It would bo opon to him of eoonse to explain that his eon- 
tribntions reUted to a particolar sobject, bnt he might not have the 
opportanity of mnldng nnch a Btat«ment, and, ovon if ho had, it wonld 
probably he forgotten as soon as made. Tbo same roaWBiog would apply 
to the eoQTerse case of a elcrgpnao being axkcd to write on politics in a 
nowspnpor with whoso eeelesiastioa] opinions be does not agree. Like 
the layman m tbe former example he wcnld be goii^ beyond his natttrol 
prorince, and might therefore be wise to refoeo where a layman would 
ae«Dpt. Tbe more nnmistakcnblc tbo relation of the writer to his sabjoct 
is, tbe greater is bia freedom as regards the choice of a journal in which 
to handle it. Thos a layman of the most pronoitncod opinions oo 
polities might write in a jonmnl of quite opposite opinions on questions of 
tut or natural soieuee. It is nerer snpposed that to criticise pictoret or 
snasic. or to giTe an account of reeent discorerifs in chomistry, irapHeft any 
Bgroomont wilh iLu political or ecclesiaatical principles of tbe journal in 
which the criticism or tlic account appears. This liberty may ofconrse be 
cheeked by the operation of n third quaHfieation, which is, that the line 
taken by tbe joomal upon sabjocts other than that which the contributor 
lakes as his own most not bo so distinotly miscbierous as to make him 
doubt whether tbe mere existesMofsnobanewspAperis not a positive eril. 
It would be uDeatis&tetory to have the interests of a man's own pocket and 
the interftRtit of soeiety MTatgned against one another in his mind. The 
caflfs in which this antagonism ean arise are Tory few. The one that most 
naloraUy suggests itself is the case of a Thoisl being asked to write on 
seenlar snbjecta in a journal one of the objects of which is the preaching 
of Atheism. His answer to such a Ttquest, I coneeive, wonld ordinarily 
bo that to farther in any way tbo circulation of snob n jonmol would bo 
to inflict an injury on society greater than any good that could 
bo done by the dissemination of right Tiows on other mattdTS. 
Of eoone, tbe application of Ihta qualification must be a matter for the 
jndividnal conscience. Ordinarily speaking, tbe (T^edota ol \)titi'\\^\. ux^ 
iJMna^oa KeareJ hy the exirtenco of ioumfcla fiA-fM«^% ?Miiswc\ 

oBt iM saoft w ua vuwt eau up^nxi. n is cjuiie pi 

'•oiiud principles by neioOB mothods, uiil no aznonnt 
Ilia otijcct t'ur wliicli the&o mious nuithods are employed 
t JoomaLuit in ctmtributlog tu a acivrnpaptir which babitaaO; 
teionsly cmp!ojB Uicm. Ttio more oooTincod a vrrJtur in 
Ilia party id Qio eaiisQ of txath and Justice, Uio moro rcaolti 
8ot Ilia £too ^:tiuBt aUIots who strivd to forlLcr that catuc 
gestation or ealanmy. Tho moro oouTincod ho is thai it 
of society that Uie (iiiuciploB iw prufcsaos should be viJ. 
moio ou hia tjuiuil h« ought to bo aguiual Uiu temptatian 
Tiflioufl tftstea in order to sccuro tho ruqoisito cireulution 
which tiiRko Ibcm knovo. Nu cause ts su puni that it cannot »: 
tact viLh tuiKorlhy udvocBcy. It is possible, no doubt, to 
far. It nifty ha said of every foim of trnth thftt has to tuakc i 
the world thai it is n iroaeoro hid in corUien vussohi ; and aofl 
must be piiid to tbo mooanws oC the vehicles which cuntaia it. 
paper which dealt only with snl^'oots of grave iutoroAt, or wU 
bandlfd sal^octs of grave interest, oxccpt with a digiuty beeoci 
iiiiportaueo, wuuld hccutg next tu no readers ; and u newBp>ii|Mr 1 
to DO readers is hardly worth the coat of pabhcatioti. Then ■ 
eoco euily recognised, though not so easily dosciibcd, betwoeo ^ 
gained by folly ntid popularity gained by souiethiug ttotso ll 
Both may offend the taste of a conLributur, but tui regards the ij 
will feel that it is well for a fool to be on the right side, erea if 
be humoured to get him there ; while u ro^ds tho latter h< 
that the class which coo be won by such means is not the cUsi 
he wishes to enlist reemits for his own vicurs. 

It will be seen that no distinction has here beeu drawni 
anonymooa and signed articles. Xbe reasons on which tfa^ 
foonded annlT to both. So for. howerer. u out difleroniM o^H 


% .Sfoicb ol^bcologicn! c'olUgt. 

Ob DO I It was not Christ Chuieli, vtiih its cuUiodrul, its gnail gate, and 
lis ponderous bell wbiob QTery night at uiue U>U8 a hundred and <m«. It 
WM not Trinity Cambridge, with its fuaooB " quad," its MmunoDsn in 
blwi gowns, and its ^gantia hall built fur ths Coaatutg of giants. It was 
not Tiiuiljr Dabliu otther; nor yul Durhiuii, with its gradaat«8 in vioh)t 
hoods ; uor yet tbd Colleffe of Kdiuborgh, with it*i Attic facade, its intermiu' 
oblo flight of Btops, and its brawny Btndeotti who have olrongo names for 
things and cull a supper offshoop's hoad and whiskey a " gaadeomoa." 

Ho, it WM Dono oT theeo. It was a humble, v«ry homble, too hambU 
bnUding pwohed upon an Ule Bomewhei« in the Beottiah seas. Aroond 
itfozged and rolled and swept the blue WBt«iB of a fcith, above U hong 
the grey damp clouds of a northern Ay^ and by ite sido lay and 
Btretehed away for a mile or two in eaoh direction a small extent of 
heather, some few plooghod fields, thioe or Coar ratty roadst and a nllage — 
a town the bi^-wigs eaUed it — numbering fourteen hundred inbabitante, 
nU astooishcd and pleased and prond to find themsetves since fifteen years 
under the shadow of a theological ooUsge. 

Yet stay I No, they were not so pleased, noryetsopioad either for thd 
most port ; they woro only sstonuhed. Those omcmgst them who were both 
pleaaod and proud and aatuniabed. all three, were fow and £u between. 
Hod they been polled man for miui and woman for woman, they might 
have amounted tu forty vr mure. Forty oat of fuarteen handred I Two 
And Bix-Be<renths per coqU ; it was not much, cortaiiUy. But then zeal 
is a great thing, and as the local groc«r romarhed with ferroiir, and as hii 
thirty-nine coreligionists asseiitod con onutv, il was better to be forfy all of 
one mind and all devoutly willing to send to the stake on the first con- 
renioBt occnaion the other tliirleen baudred and aixly, than to be these 
tlurtoea hnndnd and sixty in qaestioD, and to be split ap into all sorts of 
Mcts, not at all of one mind, and not at all disposed ont of excess of zeal 
to lend anybody, DOt even the local grocer, to Lho etoke- 

Thero wwa thus two pMtics brooding and ootmterbrooding in the 
aeighbourbood and under the \-er3' wails of the theological college, 'llie 
fint compriMd tho " forty," and was hoadod by the afore-nomed local 
groeor, an important personage and a mighty, who had Tory " opeeniona," 
read the London papers, adreitiaementa includod, upon Saturday 
vtaningii grew red in the face whan qioaktng of the Reform Bill ot 1B&2, 
snd shed tears of emotion over his pockets of tallow candles wbon ho ra- 
fl«cS^i.UtAt U)« good i)ays of Cardinal Bothono were paued, aad tiia!L llub 



Pri>BbftoriaDs " uid other folk " coold do longer b« hung ap b;r ^ 
Btdti Uk6 the fltrtD^ of Beotch baddoeks m hU windov. 

Ah I how ha regreU«d Gmham of Clavflrhoosa, Uwi ffK>i\ 
With vbst ouoUoQ be iaSked of tba doingv of Ui«t bonnia cbiflf, t^ 

gUii bfi woald have been bad . Bat ha wna obUgtd 

eArefiil, the «yo of Mr. Fltim, una of tho Dlsaenting bMuUu 
atornl; apon bim. Mr. UoFliuD wished for a hatfpimDj-'i v 
BuaS, and aa Mr. MoFUan tADdcrad a cub payment it wu 
tolarant. ** Castomara are ettstoman," vronld say thia BxeoIIani 
bta momouta of analytic philosopby, " but ! aasnra jau, etr, (be 
it : hf'll auKrrc yc^ torr) I had r&thor b<>I1 b bare sitpeaoy'a 
wrrth of a hare aarpmet) to one of tha goDtleawn mt Iha (Vdlflgi 
tbao, y«8 «orr, than Um vortb of a 8axp6Dc« hairpenny to U17 «w 

Such disint(>r«8t«dnMa of 8«ntim«tit did the htgb«8t boooor 
canfirieDtioiis grocer, rb Ibfl " thirty-nine" Agreed, one and alL 
ocer oDtirely coDcaircd in bia aiiom that " cufitomcni wera 
mid thfty folt disposed to be l«niont wh<>n tbey saw him 00a' 
eqjnyineiit nf ibe borotio MpFtion by HeUing to tbis tndi 
penny's worth of Ruafi'. Tboy knew thnt it was ouly a 
vctioration for the laws of his coonlry, anil petbaps the equally 
able f«ar of being prodigal, thai kept him from forciuj; the malT 
balfpenny wiLb it down McFlinn's uoortboilox throat. 

The second party was that of the uajoritT, the U)irt««s h 
sixty. The grocer aflinned Btontly that it only nutDbcred 
dred and (ifly-mno, owing to the apoetacy of Binoy McBnekal 
hired himself for gold to an Episcopalian maater and eonM in so 
any Iod^t conaidoied as a member of the Baptist foM . Tbt 
minister, alboil that ho anatbAmatiaed the condaet of Binny 

indignantly swore tho eontrarr and . Bnt nerer 

teen hundred and aixty, or thiitoon bnndrod and fiAy-nino, it 
difference of one, an tho grocer, become pUlosaphieal again* 
witb great sbrewdnctifl, and thirteen hnndrod and ixKiy with 
or thirteen handrod and filVf-nine wilhont MeBocltet, then waa iM 
Haying that they alt looked with an evil aye npoo the o>oU«g« of tbi 

It had rieon before their eyes and upon their Ute, thia eoUa^ I 
a moment when tboy Icaat expected it. Kot precisely in a ntghli I 
wonderfol palace of Aloddiu, but 80 qniclcly that they bad had 
ritop it, as the moat determined among them protested, and is 
left not the slightest doubt as to what their line of coodaeb 
been in the case they bad been able lo stop it. 

Two men — ao ran the legend — had landed ods mamiag 
with Another man, which made three, and bod walked in 
of ground whore they had commenced mrveying, atring In 
yard maosnre in the other, whilst another man. wliieh mailo fa 
Jotted down figares apon a poekot-book with a black lead peocQ, 
tbay had all vanitbed. *I\]^ wtuiiVto fmV %ft\ ol& Asuna. vl 



Uio Uiiil«en and sixty (exelnding UcBackoi) with the sternast indig- 
natioD. Itamonrs had b«gnn to float orer the unrface of th« heather, to 
climb through the hedj^s of the fields^ lo creep under the doors of tho 
eottagee, and to divo dova tho chimnojrs of the bigger bonsea. It was 
whtfpered, but only vhiRperod, and from ear to ear, thai an Oxford Chnrch- 
maD— who was he ? men as yet fenow not — had set bia eye npon the 
kiogilom of Scotland to convert it to the Anglican faith. As a be^nniag 
ho was going to bnild and endow a theologi<») college whence pTbaehen 
might go forth into the highways and byways to advocate tho bleenngs of 
■nrplicvi!, choral serrice, and days of feeting. 

Tbo llitrteen hundred and aixty (Hobncket inffloded) abadderod, 
and tho local butcher who for reasons of but own, disapprored of abstinenee. 
gave rent to snch appalling sentimeats that the buir of the local fishmonger 
stood ap un end, and that this citizen declared with rvnmrkable empha^ 
that the man who nsed such expreasions towards ft dinner of bo)l«d ood 
fish npon Fridays could do longer hope to be classed in the oirclo of hu 
(the fisbraongcr's) acquaintance. 

Tho aeoond act of tho drama then eommeneed. Men with hods 
and trowah won soon to laud, as of yore the Danes under the mi^ty 
Beft'luDg. A boatful of bricks "km signalled off the coast of the islaDd. 
SnspicioQfl-Iooking carts filled with still more mtsptcioas -looking stonas 
uorcd heavily along the roads towards the spot where tlie faur men wero 
known to have been surroying. A DUia with a wideawake hat crossed 
iho sileDt streets at n^ht-fall. Fame designated bim as the Oxford 
Churchman : be spoke in a low toico to a familiar spirit that attended him 
armsd with a gingham ombrella. Men said it was tbe arebitcet. 

The thirteen hundred and iixty (McbnrlECt included) lookMl grave. 
But tbe stones and the bricks and tho mortar roBo apace notwithstondiag 
tbcir frowns, and the boats contioaed to come and the carts to roll, and 
UcFUnn, who wont oat one day to enjoy bis halfpenny's worth of snuff 
in tbe momiug breeze, saw before bim a quaint little building which 
peered benevolently at him over the plain, and eeemed to invito btm to 
come in with tbe 

Ding doof iixtg, 
Cooe along McFUno, 

that pcaUd from the new-built belfry of the small (juaiut chftpel sue- 
moonbad with a cross. 

KeFlian was leaodalised. That ereniog he took a whole penny's 
worth of snuff to subdue his fcelingi. He nude two joomeys to tho 
groeor'fl to purchase this uaaal Ionic, and tbe second time he found the 
counter piled up with an ominous array of parcels of all sorts and sizes : 
wax candled, cheesoG, DightligbtB, sardine boxes, tea, coQee, herrings, 
sugar, Bath brieliR, blacking, aod Dundee marmalade. The grocer's 
brow was flushed, his hair resembled the bran now mop he was holding 
ID bis band ; but his glance beamed with tlie rays of triumph, and poialtu^ 
to the pareelsBpot) his counter, ho said, iDkT0U6(^Tu'«enai^'«VCia«tQn>Iv:n., 



\o hu sbop-bo7, " Juaio, ]r«'!] be iMlda' Uuse up lo Uie C«Ik^ttf.k 
tho hooBe otihe Ravorind UiftPnvoBt," 

Tbo UeToreDcl Uw Pcovovt 1 McFlina oonlcl hvai ao omw*. Bs 
«> ovorcome by th« shock that he fbigai to pay for hk saofl^ ol 
hoffia in bis diamay vritboat stopping to imho bnuUh. And ikt itf 
DDonuiig tiie 1,400 inhfibitanU hoard that it was not only ft pfDTOillA> 
had ftrnvcd, btit also n Tice-proToat, two gimdnato praloaBorf, aid itaa 
Btoduita. Thd fortj orthodoxee looked out their boat hmta vd toM 
for tho scn'ice ARaoUDC«d to take placa io tba cbapel od HqbiUt, td 
leapc-d exnltin^, whilst tbo " thiitaen hundred and sixty" {tiuiamtd 
HeiBucktit, who had apoitatifled) shook their hoada aa thay hMrik 
qnainl " diog doog ding " of the belGnr, and Uke good Chiiatiass ■ Of 
were, expressed aeharitable hope that the angry w«tera of the friliiai 
not svoep sway the wbolo pLaco iis in paat timoa tho I>ofld Sea hUim 
with the cities of Sodom and Gomonah. 

UcFliun lodod that "no (^od nould coma of it," and tookafiA 
of annfr. 


We were not many in Ibis miniature eoUego. There vaa tho pn«i 
the Tice-proTost, the chaplain, a I'eiiilent'elergyinaD, two ntUedf^ 
dantos, Uir&o theological stndccrti;, and six of as vaoatioD stddenli^ 
ap from Oxford to spend tho " long " in good hard grln^ttg to li 
Oolober term. Fifleon in all. Besides these waa Iho provoet'a W*>* 
excellent person, ubo gfi-ro to the place a look of homo and vrhesa^tl 
say in her gcntio pIcMaDt vay when we were introdnoed apoc uatt 
" Yon will find the piDCO very doll I am afnud." But uo, tba ImAi** 
ehlming melodioiiily for evening "chapeJ," tho mn wa« threap' 
orange light npon tho rippling waters tliat enrircled the talo, a (sa^ 
kept flower-beds wore bnoiug their porfumes through the opened wtpM 
ding dong ding «ontinned the hellfi, the stadentut w«rc rnihii^if* 
after another to tw in time, they were all langfabg, all ehaerfb), ml) M 
and hkwming with the bracing sea air : '* Oh no, ma'am, was the irt^ 
aUo answer, there is no fear of oai: finding the place dull." 

Each of Ufl had a room to himself, some of na had two, bal 1* 
first come first serred» and those who came hut took what iboy esitfl^ 
They were not very large these rooma, but I think wo only Ukad ^^A* 
bettOTf they wore ao snng and eosy. 11 does not require a losa^ li 
read Homer and Cicero in. I>ownstain wu a library, in vhieh a iv 
ookr spiilor, which tho patriotic snporstition of tho hooaatniud HTslt* 
ths dnster, was coQHtAtiUy " at home " to tho few fiiea who bcnourellta 
with Lheir visits. Tbiti enterprising muIUped had covervd half tk e# 
ing with his webs, but, Uke C^nnt rnn Itignutrok, ho bad no ■sMii* 
thirst for annexalioa, and it was Tisible that, after shrooding is saia 
penetrable veil a bust oi Axehhtahop Sharpe, his policor was U> vaty ^ 

ainiggling proT\nccs ot \x» Tftt&ni V^ & m\^s,^ «idb siurii. ^un. 



bnuM two boakslielTAB, a pielnre of Joremj Taylor, sad tha efaandtUer. 
Neat to tho library was tha common lOom for Uw Biado&U. Tttts eommoii 
room woald bftva spread griof into the beait of the pTotosl's Iwljr bad the 
over nsited it, bat sho did not, she kaem bettor. The {trovoit hinoMtf 
kept etodiouBly aloof from it, no doabi Cram a claseio bomr of aoeing 
Flfttoa» Virgils, and hi^ys tumbliof; Hbout amongst ciieket bate, a Bopbo< 
olei bathing in a flahing eao, and a <■ Tom Jonoa," riding hBtrido npon 
a hymn book. Wo were not oven partial oorsdlvos to tho confaai<Hi vrone 
confounded of this apartmeot; but what was to be done? The plaea 
waa so conTCoii^Dt for tbromng in oil that we wantod to gel rid of pro 
ifin.; and if one did occananally find a new guinea hat aqsaabcd like a 
biflin under a heap of folioa, or an iukpoi spiUed iuto a pair of Ught- 
^oloarod Toreled slippers, the only thing to do was to langb and to vow 
hy aU the flunta in tho oalcndar (as we ngalnrty did each morning) ihnt 
wo had had euoogh of the eommoii room and shoold henceforth keep oar 
diatanoe from it. 

This resolntioD nuuld hare been easy enough to biild had wa had 
enough hard work to keep as serioagly to oar rooms, but this wan only the 
ease with tho three theolo^col alndents. As for as, tho six from Oxford, 
wo did what, wo pleased, without either the provost or Tice-provoet inter* 
feriog nith us, except to say that six attendances at chapel were expected 
of OS each week and that wo woold be good enoagh not to rotarn from 
our eTeoing walks any later than midnighL Heiwe whilst the three 
theologiaus were ondeigotng a procees of cramming destined to make them 
the delight of thoir acqaatntances and of the pabLie, ve, on oar parts, 
decider! each morning that tho time had really rome for setting seriously 
to oar books, and, after a ^ave discusKioD oo the sahject in this imlaoky 
common room, it was rare that one of as did not saggoet tho expedienoy 
of hegiuuing "lo-uorrow," on amondmont which somehow was always 
Qarriod nem. ton. 

How we passed oar time in the interval, I am saro it is hard to say, 
bat the son seemed bent upon dragging us out of doors ; the weather was 
generaUy glorious, and, as the island was a favourite resort for the picnta 
parties that camo in steamers from a neighbooring large town, thcra was 
oftAn onoogh to do iu watching tho lianiUea of exooroiDniats who arrived 
-with impossible lookiug bags crammed to the mouth with saodwichos, 
and stupeodODS bottles of whisky which it icqaires a Scotch stomaeh 
to empty with Boeb epicurean gusto bot withal such npopleotio rapidity. 

Xho oaUvee of the island drove a fair trade in KtufBog these explorers 
vrilb fruit and cakos. There were an eneoarsging number of confecUancra' 
ohops ; but, olus I why should tho spirited theories of fres trade oompeli- 
Lion beget such strifes, and why should Mrs. lIeCiramnii«« have taken such 
pMns to inform her customers that the pastry sold by Mrs. McFtgs, her 
oaighbonr, wae niado of old boof-boncs bought of tha ragman at s half- 
penny the pouud ? and why again should Mm. Mcl^gs biive retnUatsd by 
r.emarking that two eats had mystarioody disa^^uad (torn \\»i tff^- 


A scores rHBOLoaiciL oouJias. 

bonrliood. and thai umoltanoooal; Mrs. McCnmunies lu3 beenobi 
to mH m f;reAt many more pork-pias thnn asual ? Aj: the Bapltsl 
tho Rev. Obftdish Pnt^e, exelthned froni hia pulpit, such im 
not at oil colealatad to comcot tbe bond of ouiTersttl broUutrboo^ 

^Vhilst etroUing tlirongh the one street of the riUage, or the " 
m the inhabitants tanght as to saj, it oocAsiniuilly happened to lu loj 
norosB Mr. McFUqd who hod the poorest opinioa of as pOHBble, nq 
no tronble to coneeal it. All be eTerconsentad tossy calbM* mosrl 
or ID tbftt of the eoUego vaa, " that veshonld ooma to do BDOd|**t' 
tnezit nbich ho propoondod as often as ever he set ayo9 upon vm, J 
thirteen hundred and sixty (Mcltncket included — UcBaefcM bad 
kicked out by his Episcopalian master for a petty Isreerty) eoneaii 
these Ttewa, and the Kev. Obadinfa Furffe, who bod vritteii Sl^- 
sermoos opon " the bond of peace," Biigmatig^ us twieo each Sul 
devoD o'clock in tho moniiog and at half-post oeTen in the «TMil 
Philistines who bad come to sot op stmngo gods in the Innd of fan 

And jet bad this excellent pastor come to pay as a Tistt at the a 
— ^bnt there ma no danger of bis doing toefa a thing— he voaU 
fouDil the life wa led harmleiiB ouoogh in all flouseionee. Whtfi oai 
noretty of the place bad worn off for as, and wbeo, after a ihrse * 
stay, va hod seen enough of tbo picnic parties with tbetr ocM^ 
the red-Bosod ftsbermou with tbeir high chcck-bonep, of tbe reU 
fishervronioD with their bore feet, of Mr. IklcFlinn with his SM^C 
the " toon *' Trith iU litBO dissenters (UeBneket tncladed), our <tii 
settlod into an rimbling, scbolaetic, and mecbanieal p<U!«, wiy bmI 
the trot of Dr. Syntax's nag, and wbloL offered rery few of the da 
to Chnrcb and State vhieb the Ber. Obadioh appreb«iided. 

It was college life all orer ; but rollege life withont tbe riot 
withont tbe crowding of Cantbridge, without Iboee rowdy snppeis 
every ono pretends to enjoy bimsolf, and during which every OBS 
from tho bottom of hia heart that he wore in bed, far from those 
punchbowls filled with trash that givea one fever and (ram tho fool 
of tbose dirty cabbage leaves which the scampish tobaccooiats of tba 
soil as at gold's weight for cigam. It was edlege life stripped of K 
posterouB abases, of tU enervating excesses, bat with all its pi. 
it* good foUowsbip. We were nine students. Jnit eaoogh. 
many nor too few. Eaongh for society and few anoogh to 
gathoring rather tbe air of a good-sized family than of on 
think we all blessed tho founder of this little rclreat twfes « 
four bonrs, once upon rising up at half-past seven for broakfiLSt 
upon turning in to our <x>r.y eoU after laboriously extfsetitig 
till midnight. With tbe exception of tbe theological disciplos 
I am hound to say, we troublt^d oanelvflfl but little aboat tbo proael, 
of the tealni of Scotland. Indeed tho Oxford cborcbman, onr bai 
whom we blessed, might have found as deplorably (Hgid npco this p 

Ws took aU oat Baa!ksutoiiuaaa—^(niddu^%\%.V%,V<E] 



dioiier at 6, tea nt 9.SQ — and the ball in vlii«b wa coiuamed tbeae 
bonntifai repute, apon vhitb, bv tbc war, the fi«a air maclo as faJ] trilfa 
astonisbiog foroeil^', was a comical litUo place tbat tried aa nmeb as it 
ccnild to upe its big brethren of Oxfonl and Cambridge. It was th« 
IitU« VM fjrog doing its b«at to look like the big ox. There wu the tamfl 
*' high table " for the " ]>ooR," the suno oak panels to the wainscot, the 
same iron binding to the tables and forme, the same paved iloonnR, and 
I same Latin grace recited befo^a and after meat ; hot with a pro- 
of responses thoughtftallj omitted in the Kngliah noiTorBttics, and 
'the which woald have gained coostdenvbiT by bt'In;; latonntdd in the 
mother-tongoe, if only for the private edification of the bntlor, who in 
Ms ea^emees to prove that he nndorstood it all vniM too onieh giren to. 
attoring " amens " at miseasonable momenU. 

?{«rertbeleM, and notwithstanding the tntempcstiTOoess of his "»0 
he its," ho nas volt worth beholding, this same batter, and the particnlar 
time to see him was when bo look off the dieh-covets, jnst as the last 
•• amen " left his lips, ^nd joxt as we all, fice-proTost and chaplain in* 
elnded, wore sittini^ ilown viUt fomt anxiefy as to the temporaturo of the 
beef, obliged to hide in tbc centre of the room whilst wo prayed for bene- 
dietions upon it in the lasgnage of Lnenllna. Bnt tho bocf was always 
hot, and BO was the salmoo that three or foor Umes a week preceded it, 
and so also was ths butler himself, whom the responsible natnre of bis 
functions, and more especially the vast inportanco he attaehed to tbcnt, 
kept in a constant state of perspiration. U was to bim that fell tho task 
of carving the beef, wbicb an ingenions system of bot-water plates kept 
firom ever getting cold, and it was a solemn siFjbt to see him, e&lm and 
impaesablo amidst the 6ru of sorronnding glances, whilst ho passed his 
knife along the onickltng joint and sent, first a sUce to the Tioe-provost 
and then a piece to the ehaplain, and then a sUeo to every one tnm by 
torn, beginning with the Bonior student and ending with the three " theo- 
logians." Ah I yoit think it ta an easy thing tbiu to distribute beef 
among fonrtcen or fifteen people ! Well, go and whisper this to the 
boUcr, and soo with what an ineffable look of scorn he will root yon to 
the oorib. Or rather, no ; he will give yon a smile, a smilu of wondering 
compassion, tneh as a French barber once gave to an Engliiihman who 
called hair-cutting a trade. " A trade, mon Diea I Hoir-entting is an 
art, oioDiiieur." And ao also is t>e4^- cutting, the bailer will toll yon. 
Ym ; it is an nrt, and an art, sir, that requires a profonnd science in 
diplomacy to give to each jast the piece of beef that bo wants and no 
other. A slice well browned for the chaplain, slices nnderdone and with 
plenty of bt for the three theokigianfl, and after that so to distribute the 
gravy that the sasceplibilitiea of no one be wonnded by seeing himself 
more sparingly helped than bis neighbonr. Ah ! yoQ think it an oasy 
matter, do yon t 

Bat the butler after all had an ardent and passionate admirer of his 
artiftieal talent. True merit never passes altogeUi«c ^umtAA,fiA^ K. ^%%\ 

man nuy vute the rosoDrecn of hii g«iuiu opon on ignonuii cromAt 
(lall, too raroluea to undonLood hiiD. Thay vill WMWpl his aSorti m tM~ 
monke^B do Uio nuia we tlirow tbem. wUboat Baying " Thank jtu,^ 
wittiOQt feeling or expressing grfttitode. but yet io the crowd thtn id 
olwaye bo una &fm d'rliiti, hn oleTuted toind aoarisg obora lU &U0W at 
olfle to sue, to apprcviftU), nod to odmiie. E^try WolaojiuLB bu GimnA 
The bntler htd his ; uid bis nnmo wu Toby — ^Tobj, nothing mor*. B» 
WAS the " page " — to uso the offlcJal term, for the prorost oh^ttiei le Ui 
being culled tbo *' end " — >cuid cumaluled tlu posta of dioe-l^dt n «i- 
narr and waiter extnordinftiy ; bie presecM in the hall b^ia$ e^ 
Bufliued upon 8Dporlati<ro oocftaloiifl, mich oa saints* days or 
when his nttondnnce to a plum-coloorod v«st gave additional 
tlu bAD<]aat. It Traa popular]; reported that be had 
beodos Toby, bnt this wb* not sarc. All that eoold bo known opM 
flolgMt was, that opon a eortaiu OhiiBtiuaB Eve be had fiflacn timm 
phatically declared that bis Qnnw vcm Oluggs, a Btatemeot which Iw 
howoTor, contradicted twelve times io ibe coono of tbo same eTorni 
rmtug that his name was Korval. It was hard to uniTB ai tb* Mbi* 
is iiiatt^T. Toby's missioa od earth wag to run erranda for m^ I* itf 
U8 in the mormng. and io m&ke himaalf gooenUy OMifiiL Ho mtoIM 
in this Utter point. If sent to fetch tbo choage lor a 8arerei|^ b ti^ 
acmpnloas care to bring all b« could of it in copper*, thoaa bmag mm 
eoDvonient to coiry, more handy for npld paynuDla. If mbI to '\mfa 
Hhilliug's worth of stomps, he had the rare good sense to sae thai a di^ 
tthiUing stamp wan moro |>ortal*le, nnd thai it enabled imo to ataiBp 
letters all at onoe instead of baring the troubto to itainp them Mpanl*^. 
\va£ certalcly a marroUons boy and a credit to thoso who bad tniM 
The only thing to be eaiO bgatnst biu was, that he had a piiaooi 
history of his own, which bo lorod to rotate when plying hia 
" calling "ag for breakfast. H« used to come in at half-paat 
the morning, with & most aingnlarly lagobriona coontenatujei aad 
n Uaebiavelie akUl for dragging hts griorons tale into the ooo' 
spite of all the prccaalionB taken to prevent him. 

" That will do, Toby," one lued to say, afV^ be had laid down ^ 
hot water and the elotbeu. " Yon may go." 

« Yon may go " would have seeined peremptory to aoj oiber mtt^ 
There would have appeared no way of alluding to family "finhaiHl. VA 
this oneommoti lad, bowerer, it was quite the reverse. AL the vvlli 
•* YoQ may go," Toby eet up a d«ei)airing bowl. 

" What is it. Toby ? ■ 

" Ob, sir, you said, * you may go,' " and Ihera waa a new hoal 
feaifol than the first. 


"Oh, nir, it was thoM TMy words that my father hut spoke «•> 
momtog be lonibled into ibe beer-rat, ux yeartsgo, air, whitsb ha wasXi 



ma &t aaa o'clock to hiin^ with r dinner of eold meftt in k. bukel. \^'hich 
says ha to mo, ' Tobjr, mj hay,' sa^ he, 'Wlist's there in that 'ore 
baisket ? ' sa^s he. *Col(l mutton, bther,' says I. ' Vnth or without 
pickles, Toby,' saya he. ' Without piddaa, &ther,' saya I. ' Well then,' 

says ho, ' you may go,' Bays he, * and be ,' aays he, and that's all I 

beard, sir, foi in trying to shy a bit of vrood at my head, father, who was 
npon a board, gave a spin forward and pit^ihed, head first, into 

beer-vat, and El waa hiling hot, air." And hereupon Toby ronewed 
hiH lamentatiunii. 

Kelt mOTniog one took care to avoid the unlucky word«. To be ou 
the safe aide one uaid nothii^ at all ; but this luuiworud no better. Aller 
■ moment of lilenoo, Toby burst into a howl as dismal ta that of tbe 
preceding day. 

" What'B the matter, Toby ? " 

" Ob, ur, you say noUuog." 

" Well, what thoold I ny ? " 

*■ Oob, nr, as yon please sir, but that rcminda ue of hther, who 
didn't say nothing either, after ha had tumlilod into the beor-vat. Eleven 
minntaa inside, sir, before tboy &sb«d him out, on-ing to its being biUng hot, 
sir ; and mother said what a pity it was for the new soit of clothes he had 
on — only worn twice, sir — in corduroy, air, and coet a week's wages, sir." 

£aeh morning it was the same story. If it were fine, father had 
tambled into the rat on a July day. If the weather were bad, it had 
raioed also on the occasion whan the ill-fated corduroys were purchased. 
A« to Due's clothes, if they wanted bmsbiug, there was a compuiaou cut 
and dried. They resembled father's when ha came out of the beer^vat I 

Poor Toby 1 Ue worehippeJ HeTGuteen divinities: the prOToet and 
his lady, the othoi authorities, the nine Etndeuts, and — and the butler, 
who occupied beyond doubt the first place in hin calendar. It wafl of 
this dignitary that he asked leave tu cany my carpet bag down to the 
steamer, whoa, at the oommeocemeot of October, " Peas Terminus," 
ibe " Ood Term," beckoned us towards the xouth. 

*■ Wall Toby," I said, " I'va spent three onoommouly pleasant months 
at the CoUego." 

** Ooh yea, sir." I wa« standing upou the boarding- ladder, Toby upon 
the quay. lie was laehrrmose. " Here yon are, Toby, here's a Boveroign 
for you, and take care of yonrselt." 

The paddles cut the grey waters of the harbour, the foam fell astern iu 
long white sheets, but Toby standing itpou the quay remainc-d stock Rtill as 
the boat moved off, and wav^d. liia Kovcroigo fraotioally in Uis right hand. 
iiy heart misgave me, t tbougbt I bad given him & shilling 1^ mistake. 

" Wbatiait?"Iroarod. 

'* Oofa nothing, sir — nothing, air ; only it's the same colour as— as — 
mir, aa the boor in father's beer-vat I " 

MeFUnn, who mtneased the scone from the beach, 8hoc4 bis head. 
fi« warned to say, " That boy will come to no good." 


(Pur jflulieH. 

NorntKO is more oflen asoA aa a vord in oar spoeeb, noUung Im 
a taolivo of iictioii, Uum dnty. Wu eubmit to aeeeeaUy anl «« 

'Dar oblig»Uonii, Lnt we do not live bj that hij^lior la w wbiclt goal 
oitlior. Wbat the wi)r1d seea we keep elritigfat and wdl 
wburu public opiniun iocs not enter tboro lios our rabblafa heap, 
do uiit ooDcem Durselves abuiit tbu cooditioa of the comen. Wei 
we mast to keep ap oar character and poeitioD, hat w« aaMocD 
tfaan we need ; and we are apt to regard tha oonscience whidb gM> 
legal aeeessity as fanatidsm, and to qoesUon gruvelj the wiadom «( &• 

^«ho8aperadd private moral dntifis to Uio pnbb'e p^rformanoe ef fadil* 
Bessities. Society was Qcver mate decent tbau it in at the -prtma AiKk 

I and never lens thorough. It seems aa if we had made ■ 
whioh we allowed onrsolTos interior inslncority in rctnm for 
the respectability of appcanmccs at the highest pitch of 
■oloDg ad we an careful to tnt'im with the stream, to sbock do 
of proprioty, to giro our tithes of mint and cummin openly in 
iho coogivg&Uoo as a leesoD of example repeated with thu 
-we cure nothing for thoee w«igfatior maltors of Ibe imwrittaa 
ionch only our own souls, and the oeglecl of which horte only 
tmtb. We deride ns TiEioDnrics, theorists, entbasinsts, tbow raes 
go to first pnociples and order Iboir lives by tli« eternal rule 
IrrcspcotiTe of ooDformity ; bat those who. living hy the goepel 
dieney, take a piece here and a piera there, and so pateh tc^etlMr 
congruous system of faith and practice that works easily in |ha cM 
yet assamcs to mn on now linea — thoee who profen ooa <Ipc4niM ^ 
aceordiof; to the Rpirit of another — Ikese aie the man ** -wbo 
DoUiian is so miRcbieTotu as exccfis," and are bomoored ■■ " pntimi" t 

We may claes our duties under two beads :' those vhieh «• mv V 
oorvelves, and those which we owe to others. The formw eomMsl 
wHb that old eatechismal fonnula of our dnty to Ood, the Utter with f 
of DOT duty to our neighbour. Of the former, rsligioos sioeerit j, ha*t^*» 
courage of onr conTictions, and dnriog to bve as we believe, are Ihafa^r 
tions ; the snpcrstmcturG of practice built thereon la bowevAr, oariV^ 
mull and incumplete in these bitter days. We believe la CSufartiui^lv 
u»taac«t but wo do not hold it as part of lb« iaiy coQsegaenlfalteHl 
ueording to Cktisi. On the coutrary, we deepise In peri Kod cm^^ 
Sot tlie rest those who atitemv^ a V>^u»^ VEaoA».>J>»& «C Umm fiuth into 



Jnsi u vfl eDodemn thou who, fading ihis logical translatioQ impofiflible, 
laerifice a uobl« tboorj- to nincerity and reject xa nntenahle doctriites vLioh 
the vhole Chnstian vorld proelums bj the cTidenee of facta to be im- 
prBcticablc. Vet mrely troth is the gnatost of all thiz^ ; and moo vtbo 
respect IhemselTea sboiild either lire by ihn lav thov profi>ffi, or cast &v»y 
M nnsoand dogmas which tho aociety to which the^r voluntarily fldhcro 
refbfcs to embodj. 

Peace principle and the need of muTersal charity and almtifpTiiig, taj, 
ChtwtiaD to the core, are doctrines in eri] rnpate with politicians and 
political eooDODUsts who beliGve, as a dogma vital to bold if nDimportant 
to obey, that God hitnwlf catnA down froiQ heaven to teach tliem to a 
hloodthirety and nnlovlag world. These politicians and political econo- 
mjats, eaogbt in the meshes, are forced to hare recourse to the moet citra- 
ordinoiT eaUerfages to prove that the wisdom of Chriiit ik, indeed, qmte 
honestly represented in the Kience they advocate. Men of repnte aro not 
RBhamed to defend oar modem and aheolntcly nnebristian modes of life as 
nil that can he ilesired — not Tvlative to the potentinlittea of ciriliBalion and 
tho fnture, bat relaUve to the Belf-rospcct of Bincority in tho matter of the 
actod creed of Christendom. That they have bciMi able to do to with 
intellectaal saliafeetioa shows bow deeply the sentimeot of ontrtith has 
penelralod the whole world of Ifaooght, and how the perpotitol ntmosphoro 
of B dead faith has vitiated tho conscioiiccs of mon. Wo do uot suy that 
the world is right or wrong in its limitation, or tbat acted Chriatianity 
is possible or impofisible ; bnt wo do say that tmth, pnre and logical, 
fibonld be tho line on which each man shonld order his life ; that nothing 
should overeome his detenninatinn to harmoniso his thongfats and action ; 
and that tho dnty of sincerity of lire is greater than tho maintcnnnoo of 
either dogma or social arrangements when dogma or social orraiigcmeDta 
are ineon<nstent with sincerity. One or tho other onght to go if both are 
impossilda. Each man most decide for himself which ; bat no honepl man 
can retain both — unices hi- hnn found out that he can serve tmly both Gpd 
and Mammon in a breath. Christ said he could not. 

Broad to Rationalism, high to Komanism, tow to Dissent — the Chureh 
of England feeds all alike with the dow of her fatness, and decorates each 
indifferently with her eeclesiasticat hononrs. People smilo complacently 
at the bonnty of this many-breaetcd mother, and say that in her liberality! 
of allowaoce, her toleration of differences, liL*8 her ohann nnd bor 
rtrength. And her weakness 7 Is tho dialcctie thanmatnrf^ by which 
one nnebudie set of articles enn be made to yield Tfu-inus interpretations 
significant of that simplicity of tmth which iu itself is power, or of that 
elerer temporinng which deitroys the rerj root-worli of strength, bccanso 
it dettroya honesty? No one cares to bring things to too olose a test. 
Bishopt do not proaeente for heretical doctrine, save in cases of such 
notoriety that pnblic opinion foreeo them into the courts. An ecclesiastical 
proieeation eosl^ money ; and bold men have friends who are apt to pnt 
01 terews and exert moral ^ressve. The tfltapei ot tiie >unMt V>o *(^ \^ 


orB DirriiP. 

beary eail of tba Imricn from Uie vmk bftewitB he «u atnag—iht tJt 

rsHpect Lbal coaI<l uot fvigu, nor He, nor fUlUr, b«cfttis« be -ww a h«M 

koigfat TOwed to tnith and miuil; hoQotir^v&s a self-respect of t^iiA n 

|.<RrotU(l do veil bid ve mor« lo tbis pnsntt tine> "Wlw uoaf ar 

nobility tMiX milUotuuree eoinea to tbe froot prepared to b«ar bnteiii 

proportion to tbo powor pouawsed ? Kot tme : emphatieany and vjlbnt 

Eccpticm. Oar modern nobiUty arc only titled traders, as gresdy ei pa 

^and M hard in their barguntDgs as otbeis are. No otie, eorosetted trwt, 

jtiiinka Uiere ia any abame in profiling by a poor man's iiiinrfliii it 

nake tbo best bargain for bimself tbat be can ; asd tbo ChrirtiiB dktt 

jtion of our neigbbonrs — eomo now to meaa only tbose of our own "^' 

-iritb tbo application of the parable thereon, is carted off to aUn^ 

|iogetli(>r wilb other old-world impfdimeittn. To boy in the rhiefi fli 

I sell in the deianut markftt is the main wisdom of modera life; aal Al 

igheet and rieliost do not disdain to bagglo with ragged porvrtr la 

' penoo, or to take ndvautaga of u misorablo little fihopkeeper'i iumtiii 

distress. In maoy middle-class houses, where the fiuniJy takwoRtf 

^liara OTOry loxary above stairs, tho modem rate of WA;r«M for ssruBk * 

led ss oxeossivo, and tbo idea that the whole pintfcvm elme^ 

auld be raised in proportion to their own is one tmatterably dWidM 

tTETo aro still like the birds and beasts, jealons of food, and m gauim 

^olicacies of the rtitnnc as tbey goard Uioir worms and bones. Una 

lifbod is given in tbo kitchen, and considered the right thing bv alTtti 

[irorking class ; not bceaose the belter cdoeated and therefore 

^ihiuk it right to bo simplo la a mutter of sensual appetite^ bat 

ttnaatsr and luUtreiis want to tare for Ihoir plsssnres oat of Ihair 

[For a second reason it is the jealonsy of class that spcttlcs, and lbs i 

> of tbo higher to keep the lower always low. Masters haTe noM rfl 

royal feeling of making those who depend on them blessed 

Ths great-hoartednesB of the real aristocmcy, vfaieh made H iijjpiusgwj 

• give lartftve, ia n mer<> sontimental myth of the past. Tba wise i 

|1ba clerer Croesns of modem life, looks on serraote asd 

F«mplny(^ as finandal cneniies whom he mast besiege and redao*,1 

fttntegy of war, bnt by taking ndTantt^ of a pressore on ftti 

' tunrket and the power g^ren by capital. Large mms are speoi fai I 

tmly. Large donations arc given to pnblie institntioui ; gresbrl 

ever were given before ; bat the very people who will besloir wfal 

called monificMkt sotns— pnbUcly — are tiiose who will tefoM an «ztn i 

pence to a cabman, and in Ibeir cnfbrecd rails will be only anzioos tal 

assored of one <]ncstioD : Will it do ? 

Very Urn of those who employ laboor droam of Iho duty of i 
thsEr "hands" happy beyond absolute need, or thai their mil* 
Metro to the atDotint of work to be got bom them, is part of the 
law of duty. " It ia good oKHigb for thom," is the general wbiMMilitfi ' 
thoso who carry the money bags and arrange the tale of laaka ; aal 
are said to spoil then U yea dA vum, TtntnwUniof NoriluBaB^i 

oi7B Ddnsa 


of itranglb, wbieb m tdealiM *s ptxi of oar prascriptire oLoracter, is 
never Ulk«d of $o Bloqaeotly oor cbembod with such paauoiute eotLa- 
BiEstD as iii our d«aluig8 with uur uirerion ; Mid we an nerer so uuioiu 
not to etDUcalate, not to paaperizc, not to w«aken tho muily ehanotar of 
the Kngluh voriaiuut» ftod not to dutroy tlut grand qiulitjr of self-Mp 
wliidt ha» m«do to nuiy licroes, u whtn we finger Ibe coin in oar 
pookoti end think what we een uvo bjr perings. Wbethor it ie the duty 
of emplo^era to Baerifioeto tholr emplo^ is a thing thnt nerer eatoi 
the head of any mau. eave the one or two half-cracked eothnnagta fbr 
righteoii;3nesB who bold to tho law of datjr nninflnenced b; the knowledge 
oT the world. This religion of ouiveraal brolberhood of oora doee aol 
mean the eqnal womanhood of a ladj and bcr uaid, fraternal friendehip 
from a gentleman to hia groom. It muanii a ngue aentiment on^, a kind 
of spar to an intelleotnal oooeeptioa of a oode. but oothuig moro ; and a 
diECereQce in rook between two haman beingti ie held to loosen tho Uu 
vhich one aught have supposed cxialed close as flesh and blood ita«lf ta 
A laea all dating from the same progenitor!— according, that is, to the 
creed profeaaed. 

Yot standing ande, and. looking atlife as it is, broadly, the elemental 
bomanity onderlyiog aiaes distincticms cornea out ^uite apart from, and 
Ligher Uian station. It Im do longer oasier and E^rvaot, stairs and 
peoeant, bat men ; and wo jodge of the wrongs done bj the ooo and 
sofliMrod by the other from the point of view of eternal jostiee, not expe- 
diency. Wbon we Lhtnk of the fur post, the socuU distinetiona of which 
arc now Xorgotttm or ilieallowed* wa wonder at tho evil possioDs they excited, 
ftt the shamefoi distinetiona they iuvolved. Our punlcrity will wonder in 
their tun at the ahamefiil nndotifnlneas which we bave cooeecratcd as wis- 
dom, by whioh ona part uE the nation dies of excess and (he consequence 
of luzory, and another of want and tho oooso^aenee of pnratiun — 
- by which milUoos work, live, anik perish like beasts that hundreds 

I may live in an idloaen, an ahsolate worthlesencsa, as rogarda any social or 
homan good, uuch as the world has nerer seou. The finest gentlemen 
and ladies of old Greece and Itome were busy dtixeuti and notable honse- 
wiTBS oompared with our rich idle men and woouai, and their iiioet degraded 
hnlota hod not a worse late than our lower half of the working dMaei. 
But if any among oa talk of oor dnty to our worken, of their need for 
more letHura, higher wn^ee, a better cdwJition, we are met by the cent of 
spoiling them, of nusmg them above their station, and of the monrafol 
onlook of a general atriko against bard work of any kind. As if stroDg 
men must not always put out their litrength, and aa if tho work of the 
world unal not bo done. As if too. men are what they are only by laws, 
and laws not the exprvaaion of men. To treat tbe working-class as bamim 
beinga with aunls and minds is not to make tbem into lap-doga ; and lo 
ap^orUon the work more fairly among those who hare it lo do is not 
to aay it is not to be done at all. To iQcreai>e the number of 'voiVLtm 
-^ b not to dimimsh tho lom perfbimod, thoDgh eiicb mdivtOiiial vo^A ^d 



cue of Uio Btambliag-blookB of Kogtish Uie ftnd cluur%cl«r. tW 
abiding people is not alvftjB the duty-doing people ; and v« lu«« 
toiciid to reoogoiae Uub of late bj ut uaooat of persooal Icgriiiian 
tire)/ foreigu to tlie genitu of ihe nation, bat forced oa the 
by the absenoe of all seoso of iaiy in those with inflneDM 
\VhQrfi the law dofls not enter t<re have infamous eombiitatiaos, 
price of coals and the like ; and though oar system at tlie pmml 
may he tendering to grandmotberlinesB and an irritating rnriiTttiij, 
ire mtj thank oar want of duty in oar dealings with aaeb otlktr « 
cause which has broogbt down the fornle on oar pates. 

Lav-abiding, Imly ; but not alwi^s content with the siatntsj wt 
and those based ou the daty we owe oar n^hboitr ever more «r 1m 
popular. Many people regard it as an infamy — a tyrannjr — that they ibii 
be called on to pay the now school-rate for csamplo, and Bay that, tiBita^ 
rich, thoy have no obligations to the poor. Tbase oia llu pMfl* ik 
may be heard wishing that the poor rates did not exist, mad ihMt daif 
woa voluntary, as heretofore. There is something £n this, if all [Wfli 
would be charitable ; for the personaUty of almsgiring is proeioa kfti 
girer. IJiit, on the other hand, it is « grand thing to roeognlsa a* li* 
the duty of keeping the poor, and that the rich ought togin olim 
wealth for the snsteoance of those who need. And, as a ruler tboa ot^ 
to the rale who would not give a (arthing in roIunt*ry offens^ n 
nnlesa under eompulsion. If they recognised the support of the pwr at 
doty they would not ol()ect to its legislation ; bat to lay sfreaa on A* » 
impulse, which as things ore does nothing beyon'J legal obUgitwa. ■ 
eloqaeut of what would be were that legal obligation destroysd. 
indeed men are like childi'cn, and pettishly refuse to do what 
kceaiiiie tliey am compelled to do n'biit thtry ought. 

In f&ct the rule of duty is not the rule of the present. We 
podieocy tg truth, and the old savage fighting for bcof and holil* 
translated itaelf into taking advantage of the flacluiiticnK of the 
market and the glut of labour. The duty to oue'a nei^'blK>ar m tia^ 
Christ, who we say was God, is not only imporatirebut doniad ; ni 
few who would reduce it to pr&ctice are ceodemned as rvrolation^ 
derided as fanatics. " We have the right to do what we like vtt 
own." HVe do not gat beyond this ; and v» commend the eocisty «^' 
by its stability makes our fivlGBhness poesihla and pr^Htable. The 
who look beyond auJ above, and who do the abaolnle right, c 
of law and animpelled by oUigatiou, are still as scarce as e^tv : at 
OS the righteous men in days of old when fiuth was wanting avl b»p 
ledge of the trae God was not. Time bowuTor is kind ; and vilk 
comes growth, and by growth fruits. 



ic <S)I& leobe. 

Toe loTd me, oolj ma. Do I nol knov ? 

If I were gone jonr life wonH bo do more 

Than his who, hosgermg od a rod^ ihoK, 
Sbipwrecked, mIooo, obsorree Uio obli uiil flow 
Of bopalen ocean widening forth bolow, 

And if renMmbenim all that wu bafor*. 

Dear. I bolieve U, at your itrosg heart'* core 

am tho life ; no need to tall me so. 
TAnd jfit — ^Ah husband, Ihoogb t he more fair, 

More worth yonr Iot«, and Ihoagh voa lored bor not, 
(Else most joa haTi» some difforeot, deeper, namo 
For loriog mc) dimly I sum aw&rp. 

As tboQgh j^n coDDod old etorics long krgot, 
TbE»e day« aro with yoa — hers — before I eamr. 

mountain Ijsreller, JOTOOS on his way, 
ZiOolu on tho Tale he left and eiUls it Catr, 
Then connta with prido bow far ha is from there, 
ltd atili aseends. And when my fancies stray, 

with light memoriea of a bjgono day, 
I woold not bBTB agab) the things that were. 
I hreathe their thoogbt like fragrance in th« air 
Of Howers I gutherod in my chiJdisb play. 
And thoQ. my very soul, can it toncb tboe 
U I remember her or I Eorget ? 
Doea the ran ask if the white stars be set ? 
Fm, I r&eall, aball many times, maybe. 
Beeall the dear old boyisb days again, 
The dear old boyish pcnion. Lov6, what then? 

xsTin. — mo. i64. W^ 

^elba'fl jforfutU. 

(HAFVER rv. 
TUE Greex-Roou. 




-ITE (allni* on 
gelia seanh 
police afloii 

there h>d 

Bary fTTirTniMp 
ncnna- bMn 
llgbt IM»] 
Uaek H 
Bible Ibr 
Carol forUg 
tbftl tfan ool^ I 
tug link b«twa51 
grpftt Uwitrii-aij 
f:-^r they were! 
for mni tk« 

not lookup 

Uie7 bad 
told. SoUl 
nufortooaUily for jnsticc, (Liiltiis solitftrj ondisgdUtblo nuu-k stood 
in good itwd. It voaltl never hirve ocenrrvd emi to a w>eODd VSI 
thtt a min witb sach a iiot« of idefitiEetticm about him could b« t 
whom BO such iK)t«1iaul erer heexi rsported: 'i 

Some put of his sMoritf , howerflr, *»a no dooU da« to 4;uoo'« • 
ooBiuiig. H* kzMW that ovary soa-port- asd tm; oat frtns 
Koold be ttiilched, 90 U mu dcailj bid tafeat poUoj to rooMkUi as 
■Lraeti aotfl time eaongb bad [>»8Eed to make everybody raro that ha '. 
S>ot (we^wd. He hft<l pV«aXy of nwaa^ aboot bim kt immediahi aotii: 



T 't 



required do iodoor lodgiug. and au food Uil vbot Uie paTemest could 
pplj. M soon u tbo scftreh luuTOired and U10 police turned thair attcn- 
in to the grooud il Ui«ir Cset, ha ooold otaHy walk out eome afUxnoon 
id tnunp bis way to wbon a thooaand poonik weni etill «aitio([ for him 
a lioase nbere tie might hide comfortably till tha n-bolo affair waa 
Dum over. 

Qo gave blmself plenty vt time to maiorii bis plans, and ibond th«m 
lb xmpTomisiDg. Ilia role of respectabibtjr, limited as it was, hod been a 
;rd stiaio Dpoo him, and it was wilL a Coeliog of intfituo rolief that ha 
Mthed ooce more the free air of ooUawrf , Kxcopt for gold's lake, the 
d hand-to-moatlt Ufo bad been tbo best aftor all. Ho had doI ctcd lott 
« goldoD gooBo whom, ba had choseai to call Zolda : he floUered himself 
At ho could etill collect eggs enough to fe«d both his pocket and hla 
Tenge. Ho bad not Duled to recogoiso bcr ambitioc to become a great 
iy and to free herself Oom his clutches, so that bin Btlenco vrould he 
melhing worth baling. He argued la this w^y, if it is Lrnful to n^iace 
e bstibcts of genina to logical forms. *' If Margaret will still go on 
eeding, I eta get Zelila to pay me at leaet half hoi canuDgs to say 
Bthiug. If Margaret holds me to my baigam after ^viii|{ mc the ihou. 
ad poaods, I shall bare the thousand, nod Zclda will fitiU [lay. ]f 
Uda won't pay, eho'll buy my secret, and X bhall get the reward besides. 
litfa, 1 shall lire like a Jord — 'tis but cboaaiog the Gorgios, alter ell. 
'a th«m the stnff comes from, and that's SCag's ia mine, and as I meant 
go balTos with Zelda, Zelda ongbt to go balvea with mo. ConsideriLg 
Ukt her keep and training have cost me. that's but fair." 

In abort, while to go ander water withaat Icavbg a circle upon the 
r&oe hi gooeridly ciinaidered an impositiUa feat of dexterity in a ciTiliiicd 
nntiy, for Aaron, who belonged to a republic within a republic, nothing 
Ls more eimpk. His cbaaca moating with Carol, ihoogh it waa a good 
|Bt of tbo fofficicnoy of his general disguise, ho accepted as the signal 
r its being time to make his plunge for a thoasaud pounds, and to come 
I on the othur side bo soon aa the hunt should pass by. Ho had c-iq- 
erablo fear of a visiUe policeman, but ho bad none of that hiu.led 
asation which is supposed to be a crimioars worst paniabment. Aa 
Dg as all things went well wiUiout, all was well with him within. Hta 
st precantioD rIoqc was ODongh to ensoro his ufety. Be walked acrois 
nntry tiulil, by following a track whereof half was evolrcd from wide 
Eal knowledge and half from a sort of cat-like sagacity, ho foond con- 
pial quarters and comrades ouder a rugged tent in a Surrey lane. 

It is meo like Aaron Goldrick who are masters of the human situa- 
ID. You might toat bim down vbero yon please, but you could no 
tiro DTorium htm than a round boll. It was not so much that he fell 
on his lo^ like a eat as that he eoohl stand as well upon ono part qC 
naelf as upon another. Strip him statk naked and cast him upon a 
sort iaianil, and he would manage to piny heads and tails for comics 
th tha aaa-gulls, if laud-galls were col to be found. Tat a noou TC^\).a.A. 


liii DeeV, and he vonM cheat tliv bnn^^an. Ho wu ootf ool 4f lb 
alemcot wbes fettered with the &i<38 tliat most men need to dowli. E& 
iocesHftnt roltiug gfttht>ri^ no lasting mofts, it wag not witbool mdl: i 
WHS hifl Ratnre lo Tia ronii<l anil Bmootli nnd riippeiy, oad I0 iml s 
mbbUig Uie moes off otbcr bIod«i bs be n^Ued ratber Una to gaftei^ 
of liis own. Ilia d«light wu iu trriog to grovr ritih ratb«r thu ia hitf 
rioli, no that lo be for over at Iha bottom of tbo ladder iras qo ilii»|yii< 
meat to htm — it vtm merely a conceDtratioD of hope end eoergr. Hv 
are m&oj sneh men whom it ia tba fasbion la call failorea. IV \m 
BdhandftOt whatever bia rank, ntc, or coQiiition, is no man a U* 
tbao tbe aelf-maile man : ho fulfils hia aalurc-, and what Sielf-aBd>» 
litmaira ean do more ? Tbe onljr failnre ii the maQ like HaroM Vaa^ 
who wishes to be what be cannot bo— not tbo man like Aanio Goliiit 
whose pleasure ia in bwng at one witb bis (Icfitiny. HoBe8t;f ^ 
reopectflbility nre fo fiir from beiof; inrarinble gnides to siie«M»n'l^ 
pincM, that if the very thought of either of them had ent^fcJ iMfc 
the sake of conitesy must be called bis soal, bo woaltl have beca tti^ 
miseruble of mta : am! if happiness is in tmth nor b^Irg'a cod aitS^ 
bo can acarcaly be called worse than others for flculrfiifi it 
lights. In apito of all appoarinee to the conlraiy, be wu 
BaeceaBfiit than others — that ia all. It is well to remembor IM 
people witb whom the respect of the worM and a safe h«TeB 
and competence are so far from being good things, (bat lo 
of the blessinf^ of honest thrift and a good cODsoieDce is maeb 
aa to talk of ctiqaotte to s baboon. 

But this opens a wide, perhapa dangerous, abrss. into whld I 
no desire to fall. Still, everybody knowv the stoiy of the Seoteb 
who, after baring oxhanated bis wfaole titanj', n-oond Qp vtih 
" for the pair fe'il— naebody prays for the pnlr De'U." H« 
Deril'fi advocMe becnnne be, in bis eitnpie mind, wms tho Qr«t 
the infinitp possibititiea of human charity. Lord Li^bara liked 
a yacbt, Aaion liked cheating ; bat an pleasoro and umpnlae wm il 
root of both porstiltfl, bow ean aucb words as <* bettor" or **w 
applied to either, etrept in those ethiea of expedieoey wbl^ 
sbonld seom to entertain ? With eomc men and womeo, io hi ** 
are made so" ia to say all : tbey are no more capable of U tu ftt 
HDrercaled light than tbey are eapablo of remakins thomaelv«e. 

The conning of Aaron Ooldrick was too merely inatinetire lob 
H talent for the nse of whitb be was to be held refponiiiMe. 11 ers 
cessitated a large amennt of stupidity by way of alloy, ttnt 
-stupidity Etooil him in good stead. A clever man woold hare 
from the gipsy tents to 8t. Barons behind the beU'"^ and aloog 
ways. Aaron Goldrtck did neither. Re wafc well known by 
tlie rillages be passed through, either as pedlar or motuitebaBk. 
onee elear fmm the oppreasire air of London, so anwholeaoMO ta 
Bohamiu) natnie, b« returned ^lia tiL&. «\uix%cto oj^only, m Art 



of metrDfoliUo nuuiAfter looked like ao im{>oe8ibla pareotfaosis in 
caTMr, HmI fac Wea taken and triotl for molictoady cattliig and 
inadiQj; with inteat to kill, he woold almost baro b«en able to prove an 
ook of tho moaths of bompkios and duir;- maids, wbuso iileos of time 
c<ofu8«d. At nn;r ntU>, b« placed bioiBblf beyond auspiciun. 
In a word, he was the one cxecpUoD to the Rome of aee-Faw called life 
at Uarold Vaogbau, Zelda, and Claudia Braodl fuund so inexpUcible. 
|e vms Iwtli op when be waa Dp, and up wben be n'aa down. 

Did I not ODce npon a time eaU Ciuodia Brandt ray bcroine ? And 
liei« bai abe beeu while Zelda the boggU'girl luB been thmsting lier 
bm her pedeetal ? Xbe tbresdfl of all Ibese liv«a are bo sadly and 
irablj woreo, with bat scanrciv one golden opider-line of Iota to beanttfy 
le akein that I mnsl found my trumpet for n parley before the mdl^e 
Where all Ibis cbanoe medley of lives is tending. 1 know al this 
t no more than I know of any otber gronp of lirei that deetinr or 
ideoetf bas cboeen to lie ttigetbcr with tbo anme cord. I enn bat see 
yet Ibat one life is beginning to grow in BQob a manner tbat it wUl 
gniokly envelope all— whether for good or ill, the nncontroUable deitiiiiT 
bat roles over all abadowB mut decide. Let each, then, lake Lib ur her. 
pva place in the lietc, aad fall to. 

And fint, for the part of ehanee. If UariettaBomani, the ballet girl, 
lad never doneed at Vienna, tlifu Bquire Maynard of Marshmoad woaM 
•ver hare met wilb her whom that piece of chanoo had Lraoaformed fitom 
be weed into another — from the corn-flower of the parument into Mar- 
■irct Uoldrick, the half witeb, half miser. Tbc merchant of St. BaTona 
kighl have been ruined, bat it wonld not have been by anyone bearing 
ler name. Claodia would nerer hare aeen her, ftnd Kelda wonld have 
■oa neither a reality nor a dream. Aaron Goldriok would never bavo 
llitbbeil liOrd Lisbnm — Harold Vaoghan wonld not bare lallen into BUch 
t cooTuiiioQ of troables. It would require a folio to BpccnUte upon the 
iJiUea and probabilities of what might bare happened had it not been 
eome tririal accident hero or there. But, let us give will and character 
lust their due — there comes a moment when the empire of accident 
It is not for notbto» that Zelila, Ihongh blindly, usnrps the part nf 
'oitnne. If Will must beud to uccideot, it mar at least create the acci- 
ts ba&re whieh it bends. If her eaatle bad been blown away, nothing 
In vortb cvuld dismiBB its phantom, or the longing, and consoqoenU^ the 
RideaTonr, to rebnltd tt npon the old fimodwtioDs. t'Uclere « utijiuo tvptnM, 
icherimla mov^lo. If ehe could not be loved, she could hato : if she 
not be at Harold Vaugbau's feet, ho might bo broQgbl to hers. 
But how ? 'When »be retoraed from the Oberoo tbat night, all the 
igtb fteemed cruahed ont of htr. The watch, ticking mockingly opoD 
USA; WM the first Eight that mot ber eyes, Ucr drst impolse was to 
Inrl it into the street — for she tett even now none of the thiefs ihame. 
[er second wia to bang ic up on the moat conspienons part of the wall 
could find, BO thai aU tbc world might aee. B^ i^'a\ic;& ti%\. t. mii^ 



from wbiab bang r pietore Emiw, drore U to «lMwbere, md fthtkrfdi 

■mi doing MmeUiing that had pnrposc nnd meaning In it, though bfufi 

*'1)Rd Qoso. Her fltrakos wore sliftTp and liftrd, nnd voke Lord liiia 

She hftard him tnru and more, ftod then another new fenlmg madi ki 

.turn almost faiat and ill. "WluLt bad Hnrdd Vaogbui — vu thtt MM 

'for fircr to torture ber ? — meant b^ tre&tmg her on that bov'a aaedaat ■ 

iffibo vftn contempliblo for other reasons titan being a bc^garpdf i 

hundred liUIo thingH began to f^rm, not clear, bat full of ucamikg lo W 

What was this all-poweifial world into irhieh aha had strayed htm i^^ 

the iroods and fidda, vhere nature teocbec pnrity, bnt ooraf najwhOi 

' proprieties ? Hhe felt bitUirl,T alono. 6bo faoif longod to see AiitacW 

hack again through the irindow r she mere than Imit longed (h^ t hit h 

_iDtghi retoTD into blind bondage. 

But tbatBonldneTcr be. Still, to spend what pronufedtoIitafaMir 

[of well-paid weeks, in nbich abo nju practtcaJIy eonflnad tJt tboo^ ki 

'ttTj Bastille of Time with davK for wnUe and honrs for ehaioa «aa aqf 

not to be endnred. Bbo was a woman, and felt her wingi ^wif~ 

a gipsy b; birth and habit, and Lhoy ware tied to bar tarn I 

WAS months sin^e she bftd drnwn o breath of poro air bv li^ 

as well OS her eou] seemed torniug into nothing bat one aingle msh*- 
dncting nerre. Like Aaron, she was getting ehuked with «aeu« ai 
laxxaj, and nnUke him, eonid not find frvtodooi in braodr or ortk 
IGotdian knot by tlio jiidieions nso of a spring- dagger. 

It was Iftle, bnt the Uter it giew the more her weariiUMa nhaiigsl t* 
eoBrgj. Sho did not seek her pile of sofa enshions ; she tvstal bmitf 
pacing up onddowntheroom. Tbercoagfataurelj'tohaTebeenaoaenaaAr 
in that boor between her and the dragon who waa gnardrng ber OtaMi 
honrd at St. Bavons — the nrmpathj, I mean, whidi pEaeea peoplfi ia m 
Uminary rapport with one another beforo ibeir Utcs b^jiriD to eaomw : A* 
anbtU attraetion which overcomee the natoral antipathy of ponJlala. 
As however, in faet, the syinpathy which oaglit to faare dons wte 

simply acted in its ordinary fiiahion — that is to sar^ not at aB tbeco^ 

of erenla mnsi fallow, not the few things she saw, bat Uie manvtbii^^ 
might have soen. Harold Yanghan was &r nearer to ber tfaa ^ 


Tub KitionT ov tite Siuc Pimss. 

It caab&rdJy have escaped the reader that iiisIfflyaoU;B&roliiVMgte. 
who MD at all events my own Uograpber. No one, I tniat, bat mymit » 
able 10 twaetrate below the crost of a fiur s«ming of akva^b of -J-^-'** 

into the octoal AUaeness of all s ucb seeming. Ko one aloe, lam tnm * 



nbU to nproduca the taU coatratl b«tnre«D the sool of &n nnlaUfirad ^1, 
^tfaoat the leui ny of aeqturod light, uxi my owq Durowness Ibat I. 
^ ciuisa to dignify with the UUa of culUire. 

K Sboold Olandia btm read ihoso pogast as I tmst she ma;, sba will luTe 

^B mdi to pordmi mo. Bha vill hsTo tv forgive my loss of liiiUi ia her, aod 

^■•t period of my life in wbieh 1 scttuUlj lupsod into a greaLer ftitk than IbAt 

^ o£ which ihfi only atood acooscd. I will Bnbiuit, from hor or ooybodf, to 

^ any poasiblo ehorgo, nith two flxceptiona. Ouo is that I ia any way acted 

B merely in accortlauco with my birth and breeding by lotting my bead be 

^B tomcd, as some will cnl] it, by a hod^d-br»d beggar girl. Ihe olhor is 

^■Ihat I ehoald bave in any way b«<<a guilty uf a misniHidiife 'm making 

H Koldn my wife had I beea aa great a paar as liOid Idabnni. If I am^ n 

K.believer in the inherent equality of all mankind. I have better reason for 

H my beliaf than moat peop]a bare for thoir social creeds. 11'. oa the othar 

hand, I hold the conintj maxim, that blood, like love and murder, will 

oat, 1 b&TO no Icbg potent eaoss. In point of fact, I am a b«liever in no 

DniTanat nUai : the ouivanal pradonuaonee of exceptions ia all boman 

aftttn was one of my favourit« th^ttj in tbo old times when I was the 

midnight philosopher of St. JBavou, and earned Ihc reputation of nn- 

Mttling the minds of young men. It is the hrmeat of my few convicUona 

still, now that I havo long ceased to tronble myself nilh the guidance of 

ftoybody's mind. 

I had DOW sees £«Ida jost three times. Thu50 wera my pedanUa 

('days in which my theories were sounder thiin my prxctice, and though I 
Booniad all rules except those of naaton^ and mddioine, I was novariha* 
leca confused by coming in contact with a feliow^craaturo who was so 
obviously a bewildariug exception to erery imagiDublo rule. I was not, 
liko my friend Lord Ijsbunii of a lumanlie lorn, or elao I might have been 
conUiot simply to accept fscta as ther are, and to regard strange adTon- 
tiiTiis as part of the natotal coarse of things. Since my eyes &tst opened 
ceinsdoualy in a gipsy camp, I had narcr had wli»t 1 could regard an 
' adveotore, in the couunoa seufie of the Troid, since I was bom, excopt 
B throe— 4nd each of thase was intimately eonuected with the girl who bad 
H dedued mo (o be nudur the &lal influence of her oril eye. The first 
V time the had cost me Claadia. The secuod lime sho bad dc^troytid my 
~ TTorldly pmspMts from the patronage of Lord Lisbuni, and driven me ki 
^ the hateful oceupation of a critical impostor. The third time sbo had 
B InBieldd upon me greater and more shanivfol bano. 

I flatter myself that I was superior to all her iiphotst«ry and other 
charlatanic surronudiugs— fairy tales had never fallea in my way whjjn I Mas 
a bt>y, except those of science, and I was too old for the childish sort now. 
^ Bat when the reil was coat from the fifore that I had FAmombered mider 
H euuh onooeouatably diiTertist cirDamitaneaB, and when I wa^ at one flash let 
into the sadden secret of some marrellous case of tnusfOTmation, my 
CMiiman sense, indoed all my senses, seemed at once to lose evarr ordinaiy 
function. I lifted up Lbe watoh nic<>hftDtcally ; oveu then I Cell ihsX. \ wan 



in tbe prsscnoe of do eommcm ;u«k-podsfe or adv«ntnrees, tboag^ 1 sadl 
not Uiiuk her otberviM?. Wu tbis the effect o{ Uib sheer fone of baH^I 
It mu£t bavt; been to to some eit«nt, but I had seen bfiAnlifal woton ■ 
limidt«d Umos — I hud eeea OlAadia Brrmdi honeU — and fet tliii iah- 
envB irsg wholly oaw. Certuioly mjitor^. the knovtedge tini At W 
UiUlArto be«n m effiaot tUo mi«treu of my d«atlnr, ths eoutml latna 
thd wanderisft beggar-girl imd tb* bhUiont prima donna, knt their ul • 
the peraaoAl beftntj thkt had token mo by surpriso. Monoror, ttm; 
oc«iigion of my mMtiog trith bar hiut booa horddod by ih« Mif ■uiitiaa( 
which bad now eomo to baanL me like a mngto roCrain. I had baud Af 
vary inappropnot* words but tbnw timM, and >-ol th«^ were Ibt tab 
rbymas that I conld repeftt witbnQt a blunder : I bnd no e*r far aoiik 
und y«t, if I bad known bow, I could bare whiten down th« iaao. if 
cODstauU; wcro both wordi and music in my ears that thej had tbmif 
loct ax iDt«lligibl« meuiiog : tb»y caai« and went of themselvei, mi 
repeated themulvos c^'on when mj mind wai engaged upon oihai tbio^ 

Ify iMt to Ike theatro waa the roeolt of b two-fold molire. X kid la 
ftSBure m)'8«lf tliAt tbe girl was iin«r oil but a taero conusoo acinic- 
whether great or little, it muttertid notbiog to me — and ao to hsAa 
myself against any bl&o tricks of tbe imagiDOtioo. 1 w«ot in a nwod to h» 
iQtCDMly hypcrohtica], and compelled myself to think nothing of btf. I 
also bad, as it wore, to get rid of wbat was growing ioto a sort ef ■^ 
pnsMd fascinatioD by taking an ovcrdoEc of her at hex worst and tm- 
taoneat, and so io merge my indiridnfLl relMtions with her into the jnW 
ctock — to stand towards her as one of a flock of sheep, and not as iWiv 
partioolar sheep called Harold Vaagbiui. I succeeded iu adding hi a* 
disgust, but it was to my disgust with myself rathar than with bar. I 
thought aho eaag and acted nusarably, and yot I cooid not got rid «f At 
iDCrMting certainty that she belonged to a world of spirits in lOme iMBff 
laijger than my own. I called ber piek-pockct| and worse, and yet I toM 
free myself Ihim the ontrageoas fiioey that box ineomprehenBible iaasMMs 
was not hypocrisy. Impudcuco would not have dwed to prataal t» • 
purity that oxpononce and reason wonld have bclietod impoanhle. 1 
Iboagbt of the episode of tbo militiaman : eron that, I rafleetad, wonld hs 
Iso^ud at by soma men I could name. My old acqaaintaaeo, Goidridt, 
woold hare laughed at mo for bolioriog what I onhesitatiiijtlT beliivet 
of her tbon — and why, after all, abould virtue draw the lia« «l a 
drunken soldier? The mere fact of hti boing sober, or a jjjjintlii— 
foald not bnre mattered mneb to a boggorgirl. If ahe ware at deMr 
m« — fiupposing btir to be an adventaresa — aho must needs be, aha vmU 
have known that in order to win Lord Lisbon), tbe way waa sot to 
Beam to throw hersolf at him. Such aa ho are eaogbt best with abaft 
and tbe fowlers and fowleroBsee know it well. 

Tbue reaaoning, bat following iotmtion in spite ol reaaon, t aiiSw*^ 
myiftlf, while I aoogbt to argue mystlf into common aaaae, to laH ial* 
a MMui-Ripenititioas foar. A. ;oi border head and colder naiora eoM 





not hare helped ihe taacy liiat the life of thi» twggar-^I wu aomohow 
fnUlIjeDtwiuedn-itb myowa. Hexex luiviog beea moved to snpentiUous 
cAprkeii in m; tifo befuie, Uie liuicj ia this cue fell opon m« rdl tho 
mora iotenaalf i and ibna tiu) dftngeroos conrictioii gr«w Uiiit in Eomo 
occult numnec my lute depended less opoa tho fruaks of chiuicc, br wbidi 
I luul tiitberto beea drtT«a to oeeoimt for all thiogs, thui opon 2olda'» 
Toiefl uhI Zalda'a o^-iis. 

Uoreo^'er, 1 Lad it b«licf, reasonable euoagh thia time, that Lord 
Lisbnrn vas gUU funfaoi gononhan I. I wu n Lard sabjdct ; and if I felt 
this kind of fasciuatioa, bow ojost it bo vrtlb Llm ? Tbera ieem»d 
nManiiig, after all, ia wliat iWlda bad sai'l of bor eyes. Iliey were, at 
iMft, tudilte anj oUicTia : -I had norer before lueQ actual fire flash from 
under Ibo stonatcst brows ; witboat being evil in the SQpcntilioaa setue, 
eril mJgbl eomo of iLvni. What I l«lt was not love, but i(a antithesis ; 
I VM nUncted by Uiti rcjKUing pole of the magnet. Bnt with I<ord 
Ijabnni it v*a oloar matters were taking a mora periloai eonrse. Then 
I tboa^t of such bumaD Eliiia ai Locaa — he. Cfuol bad told nie, vras in 
the whirlpool ; even Carol binuelf, absurd ns the idea vns, talked like a 
motb «bo had been singed by tbe caadte. The public itself, vitboat 
Bppmnt rhyme or reason, had chosen to b« eusluTed. I was no reader 
of poetry in any laDgaage; but nuoth«r long, oo wbteb I had ones 
lighted Bouewhere, seemed to take form and meaning, by miiing with her 
ballad and adapting itself to her tones : — 
Unc liltle vtnt-o 

UreasiMl of her grave, 

Tboogb 'twas in M^y : 
Life It what (IcaLli U, 
Lure li wbat braitli is— 
Bwmleu my UUow 

Uvncl* to Uw b»j, 

CjSuH aoil (itwtlcl, 
Ldvo nw snii Icaie rae — 
Inl«t ut«l ovilet, 

BluMom and bole : 
3tty]*M and throrltf a, 
&ta1eB8 and soallem, 
How mmy I Kxavv me 
6<n^ for a huI t ' — 

Swifter, Swuuncr t 

Strike from bcr cliojitfig I 
V*y growtth dimmer — 

I*1jr licail, nnit iwini, 
Clutch rvedt mttd ctainlier^ 
Down to tli< amber. 
Down with tff Mii|tin|E, 
Bearctb tbn II im 1 

This «aa a queer rhyme for the cnb-vbocla (o rattle out at tbey paiwed 
along the Strand. Bat I, who bad never fitted a con^lel V>gc^(^^ cntfCk 



Lo tiie pr*8«oc« of 00 conmoo pick-pOoL«t or ulYenlnrecit Uuugjb 1 eovU 
nob thiotk facr otbemise. Wu tbig the effect of the Bbeer Parte of beaaq } 
It miut haT<3 boeo so to gome extent, bat I bad Been beantiftU tobn % 
liuiidrtd limes — I bnd seen Clantlia Brandt bftnwU — and jet tliU blx- 
6nco w&B wholly nev. Certaioly mreteTT, the koowledge Ibsl she hai 
liitharto beau io effect tbe mistross of my deetiuy, the coatnst Iwtvm 
lh« wMderiiig beggar-girl and the brilliant priauk donna, loot Ihaif aid U 
thapariooal beauty that bad tak«ii me by mrprise. Moroover, ewy 
ottoaaioQ of my meeting wiUi her had bveo hormldad by lb« aelf esaic m^ 
which bad now come to hnunt ms lilu a magte refrain. 1 had hemii Iht 
Tory ioApprupriutti words but three Um«B, and yol ihoj wen tba eriy 
rb^iaesthkt 1 could r«p»at witboat a bluad«i: I bad CO oar ibr aaM. 
and y«t, if I had knoivn ho*, I could haro writttn do\m the tintB. & 
constaDtly were both words and masie in my can tbnA thi^ had alna4y 
loflt all intalligiblo mcuiing : they eimio and wont of Ihomselrai, aaJ 
repeated themselrea even when my uiIqiI was eogagod apon other tlia|k 

My -rittit to the theatre woe the roaolt of a iwo-filU motim. I hid te 
aasvre myself thot the girl was after all but r mere conmuw netfeM 
whether giMt or little, it mattered nothing lo me — and 00 to liBrfn 
myself against any false tricks of the iniagioation. I went in ■ mood ID W 
ioleneely hypereritioal, and competed my»elf to tbiak nulbiiig of bar. I 
al«o had, as it wore, to get rid of wbnt was growing into n aort of aKp> 
presied &&innation by taking bo o%-(?rda£o of her al ber vorsfc oaA tern- 
oioneet, and bo to merge my individual rolatioas with her into tha paUie 
stock — to stand towardg her as one of a flock of eboop, and not as tbe oo* 
partieular abeep colled Han^d Vanghao. I sueceoded in adding to ay 
tli^Qst, but it was to my disgust with myself tather than vitli bar. 1 
tbooght she sang and aeted miaerably, and yet I Mold not get rid of the 
iocrffaatog certainty that she belonged tu a world of spirits in some manner 
larger than my own. I called her pick-pocket, and worse, and yet I oovU 
free myself from the outrageous bney that her incomprehenaible inneeanas 
was not hypoeriey. ImpodeDOo would not have dared to preteul to » 1 
parity tliat exporieooo and reason would bare beliered impoailble:, ^H 
thought of the episode of the militiaman : eron that, I redeeted, mold b^^ 
linghed at by some men 1 could name. ITy old aeqoaintance, Ooldii^ 
would bare Uugbed at me for believiog what I unberitattngly beliaivd 
of her then — and wby, after all, should virtue draw the line at a 
draukeo soldier ? The mere feet of his being sober, or a gantlenns 
could not bare mattered musb to a b^ar-girl. If she were ■■ darar 
aa — eopposing her to be an adtentnrees — afao muat oeeda be, abe ■aoU 
ban known that iu onbr to win Lord Lisbum, tho way waa nol U> 
seem to throw herself at bim. Socb as bo are caught beat vitJl «liaf, 
and the fowlers and fowteroases know it well. 

Tbtts reasoaing, bat following intuition in fipita of reason, I raflirad 
myself, while I aonght to ar^^e myteir into commoD aanse. to Call into 
a Bomi-sopentilioaa fear. A ;et baidax bead and vMa nalnra 


not have lielperl thd fuu'; that tfaa Jifo of this bcggir-girl was eomeliow 
fidal^CDtnincdniUi my own. Never haring beea moTcd to aapsrstiLuius 
eftprieas ia m^ life before, the (iucj iu thu «iu« fall npoa m« nil tbo 
more inleuBely : nnd thu Ihc dAog«roaa conrictioQ grev tbol in somo 
occult m&uQer my ^te deponilod Ian upon the freaks of cbuco, hy vbieh 
I bad hitlierto been dtlven to acwanl Cor &U thingfl, Uiau upon Zelda'a 
vmae and Zdda'a e^rca. 

Uoieover, I bad a belief, rcasooablo eoougb tbifl tune, tbat Lord 
Lisboru Vita still furtbcr gouatlum I. I was a baxd sabjeet ; aud if I lelL 
tHs kind ot rAt>c.iuiit,ioD, bow mnst it be witb bim '? Tboro Beamed 
mwaiu)}, D(Ur all, in nbat i^elda bad said of b«r Byes. Hiey veto, at 
least, anlike any others : 1 had never before Men actual fire Haah from 
under the sLamiiusl brows ; withoai being evil in the BoperBtiliooa Bettse> 
evil mtgbl come of tlitiui. What I iott was nut lore, bnt its uitttbesia; 
] was attracted br Ui« repvUiog pole of the magset. But with Lord 
Ldsbom it was elear matters were taking a more perilous coarse. Then 
I theogbt of soeb bntnan fiit's aa Lncas — bo, Ourol had told mo, was in 
the whirlpool ; even Carol bimseir, &bsnrd ns the idea was, talked like a 
moth who had been singed by the candle. The public itself, withoak 
apparent rhyme ur reason, hntl chosen to be enstavod. I was no reader 
of poetry in any laagaage ; bat nnotber soog. on which I hud odc« 
ligblod somewhere, seemod to take fona and meaning, by mixing vith her 
ballad and idaptiog itself to her tones : — 

Oue IUi1« wtirc 

Wf]>i in itir willow — 
Dreiunnl of bcr grevr, 

ThOGj;li 'tw«s in Mnj : 
life Is nrhnt dcAth i*, 
Jjyn ta abat bmtli U — 
Beoakis aj hHiov 
Bvnda w the hay. 
Cygnet sail trcntlet, 
Lon: HM Ksd kare tae — 
Jolet au>I outlet, 

BloewMD and bole : 
JojImi and ihroclef s, 
Siolciia atitl ■uoDmc, 
How tnav 1 weave me 
SoQgf for a Mwl t ' — 

Swifter, O SwinmtT ! 

Sorikc from bcr cUnjiiis ! 
Pay gTowcU) dimaicr— 

ply burl, luiil ««Ei]i. 
Cluicb rc<ds ood dambcr — 
Down to the nmlioT, 

Duwn wiih hl^^ siusiRif, 
B«Brelh tilt tlim ! 

Xliifl was a ijucer rhyme for the cnb-wbecls to rattle ont ae Ibey passed 
nloog tbs> Btn&a. But I, who had never £tt«d a eotivUt toQ^titMX, <n«& 



in the praiWDce of ao common pick-pocket or adveoloress, ii»Dgb I vmii 
DOb think bur otberviM. Wu this the effect of tlie sheer forse of beui^ f 
It most havo baen bo to sooio tiitcuti bat I bad iMO besotifDl voaai i 
bandred times — 1 but soen diiadm Bnudt bewel f a nd ret Uiu ioAa- 
«nc« was vboUj sow. Certninlj' mystery, the koowleilga thai ahe hii 
hitbftrU) been iu oSbct tbo mistro&a of my dostisj, the coataaX betwMC 
the inuideriBf; beggar-^iil and the briiUant prima doniia, lent thair dd te 
the peni>aal beaat; tliat bnJ taken me by Burpriae. Uonwrar. tifttj 
ooeaaiOD of my mocting nith her bad been bcnidsd by tba self suDeaDC^ 
which bftil DOW come to baant me like a magJo re£nuD. I had. htmxi (fee 
TAry inappropriate words but three timeB» and yet they vera Um osiy 
rhymes that I coold TOi>out without a blunder : I hiul no oar for ouat^ 
and yet, if I bad known bow, I could havo written down the tone. Ss 
constantly wore both words and mnsie in my ears that thoj had alnady 
loet all inteUigible meaning : they came and went of UhbdmItcc^ sad 
repeated themselves even when my mind was eogaRed upon o(b4r thiBfi. 

Uy rifiit to the thentre was the rcsolt of a two-fold mutire. I had to 
asaore myseLf that tho girl waa after all but a mere conumm aeln»— 
whether great or little, it mattered notbmg to m6— and so to hsfriia 
mynolf against any fulse tiieks of the imagination. I went in a tnood to be 
intensely hyperoritical, and coupoUed myself to think QoLbiug of har. 1 
idM had, a« it were, to get rid of what was growing iota «. sort of sup- 
preased {Mnaotioo by taking an ovcr-do«e of hor at her wont and oan- 
moamii aod so to ma^ my iodinduat rekiious with her into tha pnhlir 
ftodt—to stand towards her as one of a fiock of sheep, and not as the oa* 
partienlar sheep called Harold Vsaghan. I sturaodod in addii^ to 
diigast, bat it was to my disgust with mywlf rntbor than with lur. 
ihongbt she sang and acted mif erably, aud ynt I <!oald not get rid of 
iosRaftiog oartoiuLy that she belonged to a world of spirite in soma 
larger than my owd. I called her pioU-pockct, and worse, and y«t I ooidd 
frco myself from the ontrngeoas iaocy that her ineomprehenBible innoeawe 
was not hypocrisy. Impadeneo would nob have dared to pieteod to a 
{■oiitf that etpenencc and reasoa would have beUored impossible, t 
thought of tho episode of tho militiaman : eren thai, I reflected, would he 
laughed at by some men I oould name. My old adinaiolatice, Ooldriek, 
would have laoghad at mo for believing what I onhentattogly balinsd 
of her tfaen— and why, after all, should virtoo draw the Una at a 
dnmkeu soldier? The mere fact of bis being Bober. or a gentleaas 
could not have mattered rnocb to a beggar-girl. If she ware «a ulai* 
as — BUpposing her to be an adventorass— -abe maai needs be» th» wttM 
bsTS known tbat in order to win Lord IJsbom, the way was sot to 
•cam to throw herself at him. Hnch as ho are caught best with lh»S, 
and the fowlers sod fowlercssos know it wall. 

Tbas reasoning, but folJoimig i< ^ in cpito of reason, I sofleniA 

myself, whilo I sought to argue uij . - common sease« to &II fata 

a somi-mpcnititioaa four. A yet haxder head and coUar aalnro 


not faATc helped ihft Anay thftt the Ufe of this beggar-girl «aa aoiaeiMm 

foUUjr eDtwiiKd nitb my own. Kever bnviog beoD moved to supentilious 
caiwiees id m}* life l>e(uro, the tancy in Ibifl cue (ell opoD ue all Urn 
mare ipJenflely : and thos the dui£«roti8 eonvitftioa graw that in some 
oaoolt auuaner mj (ate d«ponded leee npon the Creaks of chaDM, bj which 
I hftd hitherto been JtiTAD to account lor all things, tb&n npoa Z«tda'8 
ToiM and Zeldtt's uyta. 

Moreover, I had a belief, reosoualile eaoogb this Ume, that Lord 
lABham was Bttll farther gonothaa I. I vaa a hard aubjaot ; and if I felt 
this kind of fasciuaiiou, how moat it be with him 'i There Beraied 
mMuing, after all, iu nlmt ZMh bad saiil of hvr eves. TUej were, «t 
least, onliko onj others : -I had nerer Lcforc seen acta&I flro flaah firotn 
onder Iho stonnivst browa ; withoot being evil in the ffapemtitioas bcosc, 
nil might coma of thvm. Whut X ftdt waa not tore, but its antithesis ; 
I ««8 nttrsctcxl b,r the r«polliog polo of the mAgnet. Cat nith Lord 
Lisbam it waa clear maltoiB were taking a more perilous eoar». Then 
I iboQght of each humaa flies as Lueu — ho, Carol had told me, wu ia 
the whirlpool ; eT«a Cuol hinueU, abaord as the idea was, tUkcd Uhe a 
moUi nho had hcco singed by the candle. The public itself, wilhoat 
apparent rhjme or reasoii, had chosen tu be enslared. i was no reader 
of poetry in anj Uogwige ; bat another song, on which I hod onoa 
lighted Boinevhere, seozoad to t&kfi form and meaning, hj mixing with htf 
ballad and adapting itself to her tones : — 

Oa* little wure 

Wept la llw willow.— 
Dreamed of tier grata, 

Tbflsgh 'iwM ID May : 
tjfe U what (Icalb I^ 
!>j<re b iliat t««th U — 
BeoalcM ny bUlow 
Bnds w Un Wjr. 

CrgDM and boaOel. 
Iiove me and leave me — 
Jalct and oaJei, 

BbMMooTWul bde T 
JrirlfM asd ihrotleiB. 
Sialeu ami MmQm, 
IJow naj 1 warn hm 
Soap (or a aoal f '— 

Swifter, Ot!«rian«rt 

Sink* fnMB her dtagiag I 
Ds; g tarat ri i 'J a iia tif — 

rir Wot, wm4 rofm, 
C3m<Ii if«4i ami rbntcr— 
Dowv to the avkar. 
Uvwa with bv«a|JBf, 
BMnlh rfw Hub I 

lUa vat a ipuer rhyme ibr the eab-«heeU to nride <mi as thef fuaed 
■kne the BtnuMl. But J. vtehad WNrtttod % en^ WvOn^wm 



io Uu) presence of no eommon pidc'poekat or odvcntorMK, tkoiglr I aoril 
not Uunk ber oUwrwise. Was UuB Uio uETect of Uw sheer faros of bwBh| I 
It moat have hatta so to some cxt«Qt, but I hjul Boeax bootlhil vooca a 
hnadrad timee — I hod tMo ClaudJa Bnuidt benaU — mai yet tfait adb- 
oneo waswboUy new. Cettaiolj myattt^, tbe knowledge tbM tibft M 
liiLberto been in effect the mutr«u of m; d^tiny, the eoulnsl bekVHi 
ih« mndoring bcggu-girl and lb* brilliaut prioui donna, lent tboir tU to 
the personal btiaaty tUtit had Ulteo lae by sarprise. Horeover, trof 
occasion of my mootiDg with her hod been bcnUdad by Iha self ■Knem^ 
nfaiefa had now come to baant me like a magio rebuia. I had haati b 
vei; inappropriate worda bat three times, and yel they were the oi^ 
rbpncfl that I conid repent without a blunder ; I bad no ear for nufak 
and yet, if I had known bow, 1 conld have vrritten down tbe tttiw. Bs 
coDsiantly were both words and ma&it in my eu« that Uiey luul alnfcir 
loet all intelligible meaning : they eame and went of theaaselfM, mi 
repeated themselves even when my mind was engtigcd npoa other tkit^ 

Uy 'nsit to the theatre was tbe resnlt of a two-fold motiTo. I bad b* 
nntire myself that tbe girl was after all but a mere common aeiraaa* 
whether great or little, it mattered nothing to me— end bo to baite 
myself ^atn^t aov faiHe Iriolu of tbe imagioalioo . I woot in m mood to b 
intensely hypcrcrilicaU and compelled myself to Lhink nothuig of Imt. I 
iJso had, a£ it wore, to got rid of what was growing into n nrt of aap- 
prened fasoinaUoD by taking an over dose of ber ftt her worst end «o- 
mcmeeti and so to mer^ my individoal relatioos with her into the pnbb 
etock — to Bland towardu bor as one of a flock of abaop, and not as tbe om 
partieolar sheep called Harold VaogbAo. X succeeded in adding te By 
disgust, but it was to my diBgnst with myself rather than with ber. I 
thought she sang and acted miBcrably, and yet Z eoald not got rid of lk# 
inoreasing certainty that ehc belongt^d to a world of spirits in some cuuoxr 
larger than my own. I called bsr pick-pocket, and worse, and yet 1 emU 
free myself from tbe ontrageous fiuicy that hoi incomprehonsibio uuMXtiHe 
was not hypoerisy. Impodeneo woold not bare dured to protend to a 
purify that experionoft and reason woold hare believed trnpoasfble. 1 
tbonght of tbe episode of the mititiBman : oven that, I refleotod* wonU 
lan|^ied at by some men I eould name. My old acquaintance, Uoldr 
wonid bare biugbod at me for bolieriog what I nobeBttatin^y 
of her then — and why, after all, Bhould virtao draw tbe Una at 
drooksa soldier? Tbe mere fact of bis boisg sober, or ■ |[ent)enaB 
conld not hare mattered mnch to a beggar-girl. If she were as dens 
as — aappoBiujj ber tu be an odveotarwa — sbe most needs be, dw wosdl 
bare known that in oidor to win Lord LEebara, tbe way was doI le 
seem to throw borsolf at lum. Soefa as bo are eanght beat with i 
and tbe fowlers and fbwleresses know it well. 

Tbas reasoning, bat following intaition in spite of reason, t 
myself, while I longht to argue myself into comaoa eeue, to fall 
a somJ-rapcntitioDx feu. K jeV hox&at \ubaA va\ vMhi tAlate oMdl 

• Dol le 

faU itfifl 



Dot have bcli)«d th« Uaty ihni tlt« Uf« of ibid 'beggar>girl vaa totndiow 
fatally cntniued wilh inyowa. Nuver luLvlug bocu muvod to BDp«ntitioas 
cspxiceB in my Uf« befurc> tbu iaucy iu Uitu case fell apoa me all the 
more ioteBsetf : tuiil tbtu tlio ilaogeroas eonvictioo grow thai io Bomo 
ticeult maimQE my &ta depended teas npoQ Uio Crcokd of cbaDoe, bj whieb 
I bad hitbeito beeo driTsn to aecoant for uU tluugs, tboo apou Zelda'e 
Toiee and Zelda'a eyes. 

Moreover, I bod a belief, rcasonabto DDoagb this time, that Lord 
Liebnm was atill furlher gouotban I. I was a bnnl nulijecl ; anil if 1 ielt 
ihU kind of faMioAtion, bow tnnst it be nitb bim f Tbcro seemed 
meuung, After «11| in vrhat Zelda bad said of ber o,voa. Iliey wore, at 
Icoit, iialtko any oUiers : 1 bad never before Reen actual Gre flasb from 
under tbo stormiest hrovs ; witliont beiog ovil in Ihe mperstitiona sense, 
cril might come of tbcm. Wbiit I felt vau ni)t lore, but ita nntitheslB; 
I was attracted by tbe repelling pole of the magnet. Bat «iLb L#ord 
Xiifibam it was elear uattera were laldog a more perilous conrae. Then 
I thougbt of Eoob bnman fiiee as Lneas — be, Carol bad told me, n-ae tu 
the wliirlpQot; even Carol bimseif, abtuid aa tbe idea was, tallied like a 
tnotb wbo bad b^en singed by tbe candle. Tbe public itself, witboat 
appannl rhyme or reaBoD, bad chosen to be enslared. I was no reader 
of poetry in any language ; but nuother soug, on wbicb I bad ouce 
lighted somewhere, Deemed to take form and meaning, by mixing with ber 
bfdlad and adapttng itself to ber tones : — 

Oue lilile «iin! 

WvjM m iti« willow — 
Drcumtd ul ber grave, 

Thoufjh 'twas in May : 
Life Is what dealh it, 
V.-vc 19 « hat breath Is — 
BoMilm my ktUow 
Bsnds n ibe bay. 

Osnel ud trootltt, 
hon nw and leave me— 
lalet and outlet, 

BloMom aod bolo : 
•fiijlou and ihrurWn, 
SialcM anil »ouIlea«, 
How BiAv I wtavc m« 
Song) for a aoal t '— 

Swifter, 6winuMTl 

Strike fran ha dinging ! 
I>ay grnwclb dloHuvr— 

Plf )i»rt, Riiil ewiin, 
Clntrh rev^l* nml (-laml vr^ 
Duwii to til* anififr, 
lAoirn with l>cr >U)King, 
UcorcUi »lie llini 1 

This was a qaeei tbyme for tbe cab-wbeels to rattle out as Iboy passed 
along the Btnnd. Bui I, who bad Qevet &U«d ft cou\>WV \£i%e><Ci;\«»t<n«^ 


• ■ 

irlien I vaa of the ago for Boefa foIliM, hcuU Uiem plainlf, u)4 Mt 
tboQfh they wore mj' own. 1 tiied to Ihtutt vbere I lud «OBi* 
Uiem, »Dd failed. Thfn I b«gn& to go bark to a eltll fiutbar-off 
Sach poor myslory te there waa about my own ori>pa I aew fw»i u 
immTel. I was Uie child of the pnrififa, vad wliAt eomAi bcfian «A 
Adoption IB not gonorAny worth the linomug. Bat I b«d loDg nfpMid 
b; roosoD or ccrtoia dreamlike mcmorieei tu of a farmer enataowtte 
I had Oipiiy blood in my reius, aod thta laado mo all tht mon m 
to press enquiiies too oloficly. A diwcfrnt lh>m • race of rogoM ii 
graUfyiog pedigree for une who tries, at least, to ba mi IwoOTt 
Could tbiit, pbrhiips, accoucit for my disqaietude of bmrt on the 
IhBl blood is thicker thao wator 7 

A« for Claudia, I will own it fitirly, trrt^Hpeetireljr of Kelda, 9 
anybody, I had delib«nitely olas«d that chapter for erer. I 
sQTBoir upon having oseaped from a bad bargitio, d»w thitt rU) wat 
by cot haviog tiod myself for life to oiw who beliered ridicaloiu «ppM^ 
aD««9 rather Ibfln ue. Hor Cur skin was bat the approprjato gaA 
cold nature, that eonid calmly piny at lore and retire gra«efal)y 
as the gaiDQ became cainost. X had bcflrd of flirtation, and I m 
that this bad b««u a cam of it : nnd I thought it by do iucaim ■ bamlM 
paatime. She had dmoBt. if not i]iiito, Bpotled a nuu's wliofe Ubfcr 
him, and bad seemed to think so more of it than of spoiling the 
rough sketch of ouo of bor pictiircx. TlilngB, It is trne, ooald ntn 
with me again as though I bad never seen her ; bat that was of 
momeot now. Sho had done me one good servtco by opeaiog my eym. 
could not avoid making compnnoonfl. H^r eyea had no deptha of ftta 
tbem, ber voice do soul : if Rhe could norer have picked a pocket 
a blush, ahe could commit moml murder wiUi a tmilc. I had Iftt 
Gltiudia, and I almost bated Zclda ; but there were alnuige tooehec 
the living hate, if I mast use en definite a wonl, that toaebad ma 
deeply than I bad deemed myself capable of being toaefaod bjf 
faaman being. With Claudia I bad been suiting over a waTotea 
of kindred tastes and thougbtB that made her Ufo-IuDg eompmt6amiif 
accoril with erery point of reason. Bettiug social clii|nottc aaidei Wf 
willing devotion to ber was in orery aensc right nnd natnml : whDs I 
believed in her, I gave her my whole life (rocly, as ioto tho trncst, flnMrt 
and safest oE hands. She bitJ M-ooicd feniininii wiUioul fully ; n i uMi 
without weitkucss ; a lady in heart and mind, Ibooghta, worde, and ways- 
Her frankncsB and Btraigbtforwardnen would neror cosl mo the miaotMl 
ahadow of jealousy; «he could undervtoud mi^aX Ihio^ii, aud could aym> 
patbiM wbererer she eoald not ondorttaud. All those praises, a&d msn> 
my heart bad song of ber a thousand times. And dow all tfaeao viftiM 
had taken the guise of so many sna. One fro&t-bite had spoiled then 
all. KoUy ought not to be better t' ' tii : nnd yet is not lh« 

part of love the foolishness that I<; liuess savae tis froai lo>iB| 

trail in the fice of Ihn grou^l tbxoA lot soi^iuaia^ Tm tnaa 



lovttd Clradw, I UioQglit bitl«rlr oui;lit not to tiQttan hU glove awry: 
th* man who \oxeA Zclda might daro to fir in the face of the vhole world. 
Again, stnogtb ia WUer than weaknwi ; tot the strength inggestod by 
Claodia was thnt of >at^rettraiIlt : the wealuiesd BUggMted b; Zetda waa 
that which, hy Toakiof^ self-rcistnLtut impoBsible, lets a man's whole 
satnra out, ro that ho oiay be aud do all things for which be is made. 
Which is the b«U6r of the two? Fiuallf, if there is atij limit to BtLCh 
comparisons, Clatidin ig a ladr — it wnnld be sheer paradox to coll Zfllda 
a hidy in the most forced sense of the lunu. Cut tho wonl "ladj" 
implies the Umila of a definition : to be without aor finch limits, UB{diM 
all the infinite posaibilities of the onknown. I could not imagine ZeUa 
oa the wife of any oommou tox-JNtyiDf^ and bread-wiuning hooseholdor. 
Bat I hud seen h«r as a wandenng beggar, and I conld eoBCAiro her as a 
qooon, either bonitihed or euthroQcd, as the willing eharcr in an outlaw's 
perils. a8 a great criminal, as a prophe(o8S, aa anything, bad or good, so 
long OS it waa ia hertnc extremes, and inctttded uothiog of raatraint or 
dutyi boTond the dntj o! dorolion, or the restraint of solf-will. 

And all this was the result of thieo isb -rt inturTicvrs and two pnbhc 
BpeotadM. No wonder I fought against ^ich f»aciej). Whnt a wife or 
QuetreflB for a bo;r Jlko JLonl Ludjoni, if, as I suspected, he was, in 
his weak state, alnady caoght iu the toiUt I liked him with aQ my 
heart, apart from gratitnde ; but 1 would as soon have thought of match- 
iog Joan of Are with him as Zeldn. Siuee orer}* phen(HnenoD of love 
hid ita eorTeepou4ing fijcLiDg in my caee, jralunsy waa thoa represented 
by mj makiog oat the pe«r to be nonvrthj of the ndveoturess, instead of 
the adTantaress ooworthT of the pcir. Su that my moral relaUon towards 
Zelda, composed, among more hidden elcmoLts, of supentition, dislike, 
admhratioD. eonosity, dlstroRt. cnnfideoee, fiisciQation, and nntipathy. was 
a complete reflex of the most chaotic of all the pa^itionit down to its 
smallest reeogniaed details. I would not hare married her for the nni< 
Terse ; and yet I fell that if it were my fate to do eo, I should soanely 
think it worth while to strug^e against my doom. Did any man in bis 
sober saosDS erec fo«l like this towarda aov woman before ? 

It was in this self-ineonsiatant xoood tlmt I reached the door of a small 
watco'-coloDr c-xhihitioo that Brandon had scut me to criticise. As OHoali 
I in uy usual bonding aroateor fashion paid most undoe atteation to 
No. 1, and took it as my standard for the remainder of the galleiy. For 
onco it was not to be eo, however. I waa brought to an unexpected stand 
before No. 4 1 . 

Tho Bobjoet was a la&dseapa — an English home-scene : apparonUy dis- 
covered in thai Western County which was only too famihar to me. Those 
rtd oli& and that atruam of silver mad could ouly bolong to the month of 
the LcsM, and to no other. Il waa by that rery path that I had rvAched 
LesKoouth on that miMmbl« W'hit-Mouduy wLicU had been the tuniing- 
poini in ny own eotirse, leading mc- 1 knew not whither. I hod by tbiaUmp,. 
■•en picluras euongh to obaarve that this waa odmii&U^ tiuv^^ua;^ — ^\^ m^ft 



M oxncl Hiwl faitliriil portrait, though with tut littlo Of tb« forea IIhI taiib 
a ni&Bter. 1 aoppoM that Uka most ftmftWiiirffritira I appreciated a ni^ 
bfllicr than its treataiietit : vrith a mind full of Zulda imt] mTadf I uentJ 
to be onofl more walking along those red and gr««a bnnks in tlist lav^ 
naasbina when I l«t mj own miiorab1« lelf T&nuh into iha imHett <f 
what I bc-Uflvod to be tlio loro ot n whole long life to come, aod wfaidi W 
ilui)Kh»d into aoUiiDgD««8 ovod before the mo bad gone down. 

That part of England wan not in the painters' grcx>ve, bo thai wm <m 
reaaon for my being bronght to a pitaso before No. 41. Bat it wm not^ 
onl; reBMB. I had in my life be«D the frecjueuter of bnt one studio: tsi 
if I knew nothing of other tnsDnoiinns I had It.>amGd by heart enry Sm 
and hue of that one. Had tLat painting been placed before me elMwbtt*. 
I fthould have excliumed " Climdia Brandt." Wbr, nfler all, sboiU * 
not bo Claudia ? Rich ladies hare artiitlie eaprifeji somelimes : Ae a^ 
hara taken to care for fame as a f ubaUtnle for loTe, oven if she haJ w 
need to core for gold. The ninedaya' wonder following upon her frlhtf't 
bUnrc hod belonged to a fortnight of my life when I neither read nor hmii 
the nevfl of tho day, so Uiat the obvioaa manner of ooeonntinglbrflM 
coincidence never uccmred to me. Why did I not look in the calaktgH 
for Lho painter's name 9 I found nothing bat H. Tinecnt : a name nn- 
known to the gsUeries. And yot the Dome had somehow a not nofaaaBar 
ling. Ah, it vrae only that U. V. stood not only for Henry, or Hn^, or 
Hubert Vincent, bnt for Harold Tanghan. If, then, it wan a ikmi it 
ijuerre it was awurodly not Clandia's. Still my cariosity waa not aUayi 
I made enquiry, but only learned that the pictnre was QnFoId, and thai 
'\nnMUt, whoevar he or she might be, was to bo oommnnieated with in i 
small atroet leading oat of (iotdcn Square. Then it cortaiuly eoold 
be Claudia. And if it bod been Miss Brandt, ichat wu IbAt to me? 8* 
I went my way. 

Hy way was to Golden Square itself. Lord Lisbnin, with bis nsnl 
impnluTeoeM, had.noir that b« waa well enough to a«t forhimaeir, packal 
off his nniM and cent for bis tailor ecrrant — bad paid Sir Godfrey Us 
parting gnioea and sent for mo. I was ex offiao hia medical adnacr, hr 
imtisted, as 8ar<;eou to tho h'stafraltla, so that there was nothing te te 
done bat to yield. What exenscs ho made to my great eon/nrrv 1 kasv 
not : I am euro they were polite, and am equally mie they were Uondir 
ing, for I bate it on good authority that I was profemionally eonidderedto 
haT« aeted uoprafcflsionaDy. HowcTor, that mattered little to mt Iha, 
and matters still leu now. 

1 passed Ihrougb the little street that led to the sqnare, and (h« 
on the Lesse bad passed from my miud. I bad written my crittcfsni. 
for once, had gone out of my way to praliie. I think I would hang 
It if I bad had a few guiueait to spare, for tfao cake of my one day of pan 
gold, and then would have hung it up ns a iraming agminst belief in goMsb 
days. I woe a professed cjnic at that time, and should bare fbond 
iatis/kctioo in proving to m^wM \h«.\ \, «v«^\ \, '«%* w* \»»«. >^aa. I 

zelda's fobtvse. 


honun tod. Bat wben a mm malms Ihat dkearerj lio is oot Ikr {rom 

Nol> howfiTer, that I knocked at the haoae of Wiadom when I trriTdd 
»l tbe joiot'MgiiigB of ih« aetreos and tbo peer. Ik was thd ray palau 
of acaodal, vbiob vonld have tombl&d almut its tetmnts' ears if tongoef 
could -Mp and abmgi coold Imm. I bad Dot the niigbtest iat«atkui of sae- 
iDg Zolda : I was conMions of a hope tiiat accident migbt tbrow her in my 
way, BO I vraa all tbe more rcBoIved tbat any such acoideni sboald fiuL I 
listened for tbe roatUng of a dreca npon tbe stairs until I baard one and- 
dcnlr sweep upon me and paal mQ before I had time to get oot of Ilia 
way. To luy relief and diaappinntiDeiit, hovrerer, it was not Zelda. What 
1 ahoulj bare aaid to bar if it bad been, 1 koow tu>t : I had no experienea < 
io tho art of conToreation with saeb etrangn eomponnda as a aineteenth 
eentniy aoneraBs. She was after all bat a Uiisrtng beggar, and yet if 1 
met bcr it would be tba hoDcst man's eyes, I know to my sbamo, tbat 
would be tho first to qoaiL 

Lord Lisbum was this lime in )u» own room, \y\ng onlcnda tbe b«d and 
KtariDg at the Bies. Uis foreign aerrant, half sulor and half Talet, was 
busily engaged npon a portmaotcan. 

" Vaugban," hit said in an altogalbor new tone of decision, " I am 
going to be well. I am well, in fact. And tho first thing I shall do will 
1<« to throw this world of idiots orerboard." 

" Why — what has Unppuuod ? You are surely not packing already for 
tll0 North role ? " 

'* I'm not packing for anywbero : that is to say I am packing for no- 
mlMn. Go out of the room, Pedro. You con fiuisb that any timo. 
Vaoghan, I am almost out of my uxom with rage. I wish everybody was 
ni the North Pole, with all my bsart— and if they were I wonld sat] for tbe 

" Penmoolly I am inclined to ograe with yon. But medically I won't 
li&ten to such noiweOBa. You are not a bennit-«Tab like me, and hare 
heaa out of the world too long. Get well as &si as yoa can, too &st if I 
yoQ likOt so long as you cao get into a wholesome atmosphere. 'Wbat'll 
this— an invitation to a ball ? Tfac very tlung for yoa. I beg yocr par* j 
don : I see there are memoranda. Nothing has really gone wrong L hope 9 ' 

" Pat tbat card down again, there's a good fellow. Yon a^ik if nothing) 
has gone wrong ? Jast everything, that's all. The card's after date, and ' 
mo moeb tho botler— and if it wasn't I shcalda't go. Hang that chickea- 
broth woman — Lady Tenroec, I mean." 

" What has she done Lo yon ? " 

•> gbe has been here to look after my moral welfare — as Ibougli I badj 
tonied off one old iroman lo make room for another. One mi^ht as well 
luive a woman withont a body to nnrae one's body as a woman without a 
soul to Dnrse one's aonl. Lady Penrose is n good woiuau iu her way, 
believe, goes to nbureb and gjces soup to rich and poor — bat defend 
from ■ good women in Lbetr way.*-" 



^'^nuB* And from all, for that mftUer." 

" Iflo— rm not a misogynitd. There ue good irotni^n in the 
I««n ■ pnnon I'd get the Sheriff to make ma his ch&[iljun ju^ to preuh 
la usize s«niioii. I'd prove that munlM it the wont of kll orimci M 


" And that one is 7 " 

" Leajmig to eooolnsjons. A woman who leapt to coDcIftiaoM due 
more harm in her geoenition than a profttdooal ■aBosstn, so if onv't A^f 
to oos'a scighhour ia the groat tiling, abo la the greoteet smDer. Haraaa 
should he presented at court till she had passod on cxaminsijon in the k* 
of evideneo. Please reach me that case and giro me a cigar and lakeou 
yaantU. I vimi to toUt to yoa. Yoti'ro the only man fior vbose iipMiii 
J ears that Incifer." 

" If yon had Dot mid that, I vas going to toy thai I agreed with cmy 

" That only shews bow right I am. Well— now br IL Thai 
called here only two mioutee before yon. Tba people ware foola totm^ 
shew her into Uadcmoiselle Loczicska'B room, and sho came in ben 
bor bandkurchicf to hor nose ns if hhi hnd jnst come from a p^-*t/, 
holding her petticoats from the door>p<utag if &ho thought th^^ paint wottU 
come 00" on them. She shook tbom out in a provoking ahake-tfac-dait-df- 
yoor-shoes sort of way that I felt iocHood to tbiow the bolst«r at her, and 
filled the room like a motherly wiiid>hag. Aa the taotber of a martia^ 
able Jbuo uud a Qiarriageable LAiim. that woman thinks she bai a elda 
to be moterual to erety moa that h«r htitihand tbo banker cjui vonch lor. 
She staid ahont twenty years. And except that night at the theatre I 
hadn't epukcn threo wunla with bor ainoo my poor father ontia took ttM la 
cftll there and I was aent op into the noraery to boUd up wooden hridn 
with Lnurn. She bas made np for lost timo now thoagh, by Jove, wilhft 

Lord Liabnm was tolliing so inconsifitontly with biBOSnal gOOi] 
and eaey-going self that I conld only wait for what was yet hidden 
the petticoats of this Lady Pcoroae. whom I aow romembervd mm baTSg 
hetm pointed out to me as the companion of Claudia on the nmBainn Of 
Zeldft's memorablo first appearanee off the boarda of a tap-rooa. 

" Wlat do you think of it all ? " Lord Lisbom went on, after 
oat A little of his wrath in ailcnt white donds. 

*' I fcol Tory much iDcIinod to say, What then ? Bat as I have « dte 
atupidoQ of the cause " 

"Yon bftTo, hare you? So hadn't I, till aba b»gnL Tell 


Lh (Twy 




!. wfth»_ 

urfen ef ^ 


people bare tbo impodenoo to bosy tbamRfllvcn abont my aCToirs, it 
— boeaaso I haro tb« eonfoanded iU-lock to he on aothor, I auppoM, m 
Bumething — toll nu> honestly, candidly, if yon haro beard onythinK of 
Ihia bluckgoanl Mandal ? Or iij LAura's otolhcr lylu;;- ' aBdly ? " 

"I can't pretend to gMss vhi^t you mcftti. i'ai < -.a, other 

}M>plB Ihaa Leilj Peana.< tiin^ tiu!r« is more taivMn -jan and Zoi— 





Bnd VadenioisoUe X«e«ziitsk» than Iboy pretood to tliialc ihan oujilii 
to be." 

" What — yon too, Vangliaii ? Thiil is too tnach ' 

*'I Uioagbt, m; Lord, yoa asked me to speak ciuididl;r. I'm not 
■aiyisg what I think, bat vhat I hear. AfUr all, ia it not nataral 7 " 

" It may be natrmi!, hnl it's a lie. And bo " 

I felt my shooldera lift IhemselTea. " N'atore is femloine in all lan- 
gnagcai and Eve was the first liar. What eaa be more natural? And 
what posdble causa can yoa bave for bdignatioo ? Why fur once leaping 
to conelDaioDS and tba laws of avidoDee agree. You go home to supper 
with a for«ign aetresa— noe under what people eiJl n»poetable circom- 
■tancM, tmloss men nho atab in their caps are fit companions for gentlo- 
men: yoo " 

" Look here, Var.ghan, I was obUgtfd to pnt D[> with Lady Ponixue: 
she was a woman. Bat X am not obUgod to pnt up viih Icetitres &om 
yon. Yoo know all nbont it as woU as 1." 

*' Unhappily, I am ttOt the world. I am reporting — not loctnrbg. 
Shan I go on ? " 

*' ForgiTo ufl — go on, Ibcn." 

'* Finally, yon reinaiii to recover at her lodgings, and ahe does not go 
elsewhoro. '^Iiat better chain of eridtfnca can you requiro ? And forgire 
me if I think yonriiidignntionratherotitof reason. Of course no one likes 
to have a false repntation. Rnl if yon knew the world as well as !■ ■-■■" 

*'Tbat is a good idcfll Why 1 have been ronnd it, and yon havo 
oron crossed the Btraits of DoTer." 

*' Never mind that — the world llee in a filbert-shell. One knows it by 
cracking it — not by apanning it with a balf-inoh rule. But 1 will admit 
by all means that you have digested as «'«11 as spumed it. What does it 
matter to a man in yonr position whether bis name ia conpled with one 
aotrosa loss or more ? Before you aro my age, unless wo are lost In the 
ice, it win be cotrplcd with ten— I don't say Inily, bat il will hart neither 
yon nor thorn. Yon may bo mro that lAdy Poorow, in her heart, 
rcapecta yon all the more for baring somethiog of the ebaraetor of a Don 
Jnon. If you proposed to her Jane or Laoia you would be welcomed 
with the fatted ealf, while yonr title only would be wolcomod if yon 
entered tbo family aa a good yoong man. Beliore me, no one is go 
charitably disposed towanlt male ainnare as a pmde. Then, as to Made- 
moiselle, hers is a career in which aoch scandal only adds prestigo. She 
haa roused the emious cariosity of all the Lady Pcnroees in London — 
that alone, as Carol would aay, ia glory. And if she had not, still what 
then f Lady Praroso is nothing to yon, onleaa yon want lo many lAnim ; 
MadDmoiaellr Loeziovka ia nothing to yon, nnl^ss yon want to marry bar. 
All yon hare to do is to dear ont of Golden Sqnue u soon aa poasible, 
if yon really object to a reputation for whieh etery man of yonr ago Ihat 
I hftve erer known would give n tbonsand pounds, and let the nine days 



Lord LUboro bad cloarly not epeot his time at sat lot iwUiiiig. I 
had not inUuHle^] to argue liko M«plu»tophel««, bat titaplj at a una at 
tbo world. But my patient eonld not hare tnnud npon mo mora Bara^ 
iliAii if the clovoQ boof itself had pe^pod from mj shoe lesiber. 

" You forget onl; one thing, I>Qetor Vuighaii. And that ii that 1 
happen to be a gestleniAa." 

Lord Liabont ioteoded do issolt, I know, but when a man nho if t1 
goLtltiman of aneeatrj Itya a slight atresB apoo tbo " 1 " in raeh a iptiJl' 
to one who is sot so moeh a& a gentlfiman of first eoat-armoor, bt ng 
9Bta an inherent dilTerencA b«twe«n th« tvro. My vurk-faonM \>\Mi 
light be composed of akim milk and wator gmel instead of uaat iilur, 
bat ii was in a mood to Bcald. 

" I am gp«aktng of the haUts of gmtlemeD— at least of thoae who i 
fltylad so." 

" Then " He saemod to restrui binMdf from Baying 

I gave him credit for bis restraint,, tot it was one of Utosa ti 
temper in trifles that save sadttcn gaarreb. " Von mlsundanttDd lati 
Vanghan." he said, holding oat his bntid. " I am sure I mi 
yoa. What I should hare said was something different and j^ 
-jon forget that Mail<>nioiiiclle LeoziQnka 13 a ladj." 

Tniu — at least I will grant it. I, al least, will laajp lo DO 

ions. 6al thora are ladies and ladies. I hare no doabi that th«ni 

real ladies upon the stage, and rery real ladiu among the Booth 

anders. Bat what I mean is that one mast adapt onrsekee to dm 

stances. If this rcry foolish and contemptible scAoditl had for its ol|Mt 

, .an English lady of the drawing-rooms, I grant that those who Ml it gai>| 

ronid indeed have committed an ofltineo worso Ihan mtirder. Tii»j 

gold have committed social murder. Bat then no EugUab Udy 

^4ia wing- rooms wonld erer have pat herself in a position to be 

dorod. The offonce lins in dottroying a repatatioo : and who tfainki : 

thti worse of a foreign singer or a Sostb Sea Islander for what, in 

L^eording to the popolar B«ns«, wonld bo tbo nnpardonable sin ? When 

DO bana can resalt, no harm cui bo done." 

" The devil take yoar distinctions. You admit that SUdai 

canska is a lady " 

" That she might be — nothing more." 

" And she is one — the truest of ladies. I know it : U is elear t 
look acLd every word." 

" As when she streuxs. fur example 9 " 
" Ye»T-«Ten as whon sho swears. I have heard Rogliah wocMOt fro* 
ignoraoco, say the mo«t monatroaa things in foreign langaages of wUck 
tbQT would bara sunk uodergrooud with ahame, if they had known." 
The excuse was IngeoiooB, Ihongh I fear not i[aite honest : faot I let htsi 
(0 on, little thinking bow the convorsnUoa was to end. " Wall, she is • 
)ady : I flatter myself I know one, ercn when aha is a tattooed oegrssa. 
A« for aa aelress not being ODO, that u vQa east and bosh, fit br La<iy 



Tbox9 oro thousaods. And beint; a Uiy. 8l)« is a Iad,T : tbcro 
It odIt one sort, and u we behara to one, w wa must IwluLTfl to all — all 
the more lo ihoM who on Dot wall Bpokao of by tlio world." 

1 might dotiy the logic, bnt eootd oot deny thu cbititlry, saperior to 
oil kigic, ttcm which his words gpoke oat itrAiglit and ronaj. I was not 
eooviocis], bat I had Dot the heart to answer him. 

•■ Tbttl'8 my idea of being a gentleman," be went on quietly, Uk« a 
map who haA madd ap lua mind, and simply, lik<i one who it asaertiog ' 
what is selfevideot. " I doo't caro what cnde may thiak, wholher yoong 
or old ; bnt that's tho only sort of thing for you and me to hold by." 
Once more I apprcciAted th« delicacy of th« " yon and mc " — it was Ulce 
nn apology for the ofTuneiTO "X." 

" Now, tlia qae«tioa is, not what io to be said or talkod aboat the 
matter, bnt what is to bi^ done ? I havd uo notion of giTio);; in to wandal 
— aa yon say. what all tbetui land-lubbers clialtpr about the Garl of 
lisbttm isn't worth a fi{{, or half a one, to tbe captain of the EtmrrttUla. 
Bat I've gircn a good girl a bad ttame ; and tho b«st of women is like a 
dog io that matter : she is bang up and labulk-d lui the rost of her days. 
Now, what woald yon do ? " 

" I'm banged myself if I know. If I felt as yoa do ibont the matter 
I tbmk I should go lo Ibo lady of Ibo highest rank I knew, take b«r into 
my «onEdeac«, and retaLa her as ndvocate on the other side." 

" Haw can yon talk mdi nonsense ? She wonld bo my adTocala, oot 
Madcmoiaello Lcczioskn's, and Lady Fcni-oee is that, confound ber. I 
want somebody to take MadMootsolle Locziiifilta's part agHiDSt me, and 
that's impossible. I'tb tboaght of all tlmt ; even if I woro to call oat 
anybody, that wooJdu't reach the women, it would only make them chatter 
tbo more. No ; there's only one thing to be done, io honour. Do yon 
mean to say yun don'l see ? " 

" I eoniees I don't. The miacbief, soch as it is, is done, and can't b« 

" That's what Gordios said of liis string. That's not what Colambas 
said of hia egg, nor what a man ought to say about anything. I'm eorry 
yoa don't see, though — 1 hato explaining. Ilaud mo another cigar. 
Yoa see I'm my own master ; Pro got no people to think of, and if I had, 
right would bo right, all the same. It's all the better, thou};b, tbat I'm 
not tronhled with fiunlly conncile. If one gets a lady into a meas like 
this, one's bound to get her onL again. And io get hor oat aguJn then's 
only one way." 

" Good God I Too don't mean " 

" Ah, 1 tlionght yoa'd see it. I must marry her." 

' ' \Vhat T make this — this girl — Countess of lisbura ? Is yonr lord- 
ship Bcrions ? And only for a point of honour ? " 

" Oaly for a point of honour I What could be more serious ? " 

**1 should Bay common senie wsB more smoufi in sacli ti cnao — even 
if honour had anything to do with such a thing. Mnnia^o for hoaoiu 

Tot. xtrm.—jto, J6i. VI. 



WMttts to mo u biiBo u muTiage for mooey, or for any toamiMnSim 1 
one. If one -wrong has Wen doD6, you can't iii&lc« it riglil by don^t 
greater one; do joa mean -yon will SAcrifice year life and bappifMS b 
wash a passiog stain firom the cLarBvt«rof a — Tretl. of a woman who ' 

"BtopI that mattdr'a l)««a setUeJ. I tbonglit. I'm not going Uitr^ 
Kitat is a lady over again. Bat you're wrong altogether. Tberell b# to 
saciiiice at aU." 

" Tfaere mast be— «T6n if, as I suppoie, yon mean to leare lu> il 1 
cliDrcb door." 

" But I ahan't loaro her at the church door." 

6o Zeldn hod known bow to piny her giuno* afUir alL I bad m&t 
bo«D crazy to £aacy for a moment that she was not the man* ombm 
adrectnress and charlatan that ohe «oeiQed. Y«t I conid at>l tmdmluf 
the matti:r, cten now. Lord Ltfibnrn'e argnmoit had htien ptrtttt, bm 
his own stand-point, if not from mine. I coold eomprttheDd thiA til 
manner of life, and the natoral eatfausiasm of character that had ltd Urn, 
as a matter of iocUnation, to doroto his Ufd to an idea, should hare aiil 
him from eonTcntional ways of regarding things, and that from 
lofly zenith he was ooconscioatdy and in all siniplicily looldn^ 
nnoontemptnons eontempt npon worldly wisdom and all her wayi. Bri 
thca — 1 could not comprebond, it wiis simply impossible. UtalayiiBf 
taan Uke htm, \rith whom dnty wsi uftor all bnt a matter of instiBBtiaJ 
self-indnlgonoe, shonld bare arri%'od at sneh a conelaaion onleM hd han 
was in mtison with Uts brain. And, lu that case, what »ort of woaao 
modt Bh« be wlk> conld have foreseen all this at first eight, and amaffi 
her oards with a view to 9uch an axeeptioiul eomtHmtioo t To l« aUifti 
cbcflt in such a eaeo implied a power of apprectating the my sxagpnflM 
of manliness nch as in a woman I had beliered to be impoMablt. b 
that ease, to make deliberate nee of her faculty in roeh a nunnar, wl» 
be nothing moro or leas than a Send ; and I was literally grow i ng to fMA 
her Mmething of the kind. 

" Then what oball yon do with her ? Your lordahip has gina mc <3 
the rights uf a Diend, or I should not think of saying a word. SiaS I 
•peak plainly, or would you rather that 1 hold my tongiu f I know it » 
so OM talking to a man who has made np hia mind." 

*'l don't »ee why you should say that, Van^tan. I hope Vmot- 
mreftAonable, even thougti I have made np my mind. You aak whatl 
ehall do with hor, and yoa tUiok I'm making a aaeiifleo — fay wtacfcl 
suppose yoo mean a fool — of myself. Now, if you can t«Q BM wbeit lb* 
sacrifice is in manying a girt wbo is beautiful, aecompQahMl. dtTcr, 
amiable, innocent, and irilh taatos like ray own, I will lake endil (■> 
myself for giring up something, and not being the telSsb aaiani tkst I 
rsally am. As for what I am to do with Iter, riie will go in Iho K Mmtit M t 
— sbe lold me with her own Ups Iboro ts nothing she wonld Gka v 


"No doobL That 1 can t^\» \)£1a\%. ^^^ ^vj^^Aian did ynt 



llorilsbip Snd oat tbe bokntj of a mmuo vbo, yoa toM mo 5DDnn>lf, nercr 
'on see tfarougb ber toII ? " 
^ Lord Lishttni tossed twa; his dgu tmpoUeDtly. 
^ ** I nw hor at the tb«atn. Ab fcnr Uie rej), that's ootbiag. Surolr 
Htoce cno t«ll if a womtm'o f>r«tty witliottt n uicjn«<no[>fi. But wbat the 
Bd«ti»liftsthAlto do vritli it? Hangitall, Vaiighnn, if IM known jon wci-o 
Beoefa a eold-blooded brote Td bavo gtrou mf confidence totbo bed-post." 
, It was clearl^r <" ^ tliongbt ; lore bad eome forward na the ally of 

fconrtnr, or was, at least, qnile mAy io iako tho field. There wbb only 
ono thing Ear me to do, and i should bare duserred Lord Liebum'a 

I»-fcproneh bad I not immcdiaUly taken niv lie*. I wm bound to Lord 
liabnro by th« eloewt lies that can Irind flmngeni by blood ; I had twins 
■aTod his life, ntxl hut grntittido had Uid bcavivr obligations opon mo than 
1 bad kid apon him. On the other hand, Zelda'a rppntation was nothing 
in itself, and nothing to mo. I sbonld bfivo been the greatest scoundrol 
nuhimg if I allowed uysdf to bo a &lio*.r conspirator with hor by not 
mating fiill oh of my k»owI^(<(> of what sh» bad b««n. By prcrrenting 
B hndatrong hoy, (br m I sttU regarded him, from ronning his head into 

I a BOOM, I might bo ranniDg luv own head into one ; hut, for (nuw. I took 
the bull by the homt. 
" I sspposo/' I said, "voTi won't Uiinb it ttnreasonaUe that a man 
sboald know all he can of a woman bofoi-u be makes np his mind to manr^' 
her ? Yon hare preeaOentu for tnminf; a stng«<eountt>ss into n real one, 
1 know, and Uiero have been gipay eonntcsscn, I believe, in romances, as 
well aa beggar qaeens. Still, bcfort following such examples, one ongfat 

tto op«n ono'a eyes donbly wide." 
" Do yon know, Vaoghnn, that if I were snspicioua I ebonid think 
you had some motive of your own for keeping me from doii^ what is 

t clearly my dnty ? " 
" Of eonrso I have a motive." 
^ft " Bnl I menn n very spwiat moUre. There is one thing yon ean tell 
Iv: Mademoiselle Leczinskfl wiU not allow me to name yon ; I eonld see 
bar start violently when yon camo into the ronn ; she talked of baring 
frigbt«ned yea from the honsf ; she speaks of yon as if she batad yoo. 
What baa there been between yoa and her ? Bnrely yon wonld hare told 
me if anything bad happened to make yon onnble to advise me frankly ?" 
" Your lordship surely does not think me a rejected 1o\-er ? " 
•* Yoo have neyer said anything to her ? " 
" Ood forbid ! " 
" Tb<en wbr doeii she Reem to hato von »« much as von seem to hate 
^ *' I don't h.itu her. Bnt ebc Uuten mc becanse I happen to be the 
V only man in Tjondon who knew h<T before i^ho was Mademmsello Loe- 
~ wBtka." 

" Yet— ab« told me that was only her stage name — confoand itl I 
pfomiatNi' ■" 



"yoa proiDuod not to betny her eoafideoeo. Vnj how i t ^jj 

"£iouse mo ; thai ii all I can wj." 

"Mj lord," I exAliumod, duhing dovn mj cigar in my tan, **I« 
sU-h or mjeUtricfl. I don't know vhaX she toM yoa. and I daattM. 
Let as bav« nil this over. I Rnppow tbe <1i<i not tall 7011 Uuii A* M 
htea an English n-aysido thief and ppey BtroJler. If I ehoaa, 1 mM 
give evidoncQ agunsl ber at the Old Bailey. How ahe hai coat to \m 
pr«»<ent poiition I don't know — but I am tired of wonderiofi al ikf tri^ 
of fortone. I onl; know that she in culled Zelda, and that I ban hid 
her sing at a pot-hooso near St. Bavons." 

I expoctcd Lord Lisbom to 6ro np : bnt ho did 00 sneli 

■* Look hero, A''ftaghan. Yon ar« eUnriy taking one girl for 
It ie ctnilo iiapos«ible that tho MadomoiuUa Leezincka can be Ihaj 
m«an. Qtiita impossible." 

" Which is to say that jonr lordship refnsee to beUere me." 

" Not at all. It only means that we are miatakea in one 
Ihat'fl all. I thonght yon would see things as I se« tfadin, aod ;ootet 
Let's chango tho subject." 

" In joHtice to myself yon mast hear me onL" 

*' There is no most abont it. -No — I did not ctpe<t to find yo^ 
aanio boat wiUi Lady Penrose. Not quiip, thOQi;b — vou are a nua hI 
mnat prove your words." 

I can Bcarcely oxplnia bow, but I Ailt «nriona er^ of Lord IMmit 
folly. I could feel that in the last minule tho barriar of iiiiiihiim — 
had parted m, aod yet I wished that I, and not he, had b«en ca b 
vrong sido of the wall. Bat I was fairly in for my port of knigbl At^ 
longer, however uugratefo] : I could not stand by without "^ri^^qy wm 
blow at the witch, thongh it appeared in tho form of a giri. 

Omitting the name of Claudia, I told him uf my ^Vhit-Ufiaday aSnt- 
tare, while my patient listened patiently in his original poatur* ai ilint( 
at tho flies. When 1 had done — 

" Poor fpri," be said, " what a life t Thank yon with all my h^ 
for striking that blow. Bat what is there m all you say to prore wa^Om$ 
but that she is good snd noble f Do jou mean to say thai mm€ mi 

I wai beaten again — Jkirly, this time. 

" Poor girl ! " ha aaid again. *' I will get ber story firoa 
her Toioe was not made to lie. Jant think of her, in soch utter i^ 
thrown upon the world alone — withouL a friend, man, woman or di3d, la 
guide her or give her a kind or a good word but no. She U a giMt 
woman : only think of what faer geaois had mado her. If I find hat aS 
yoa say, I will make her a eoantes*, not for my own faoDoor'a aaka, kai 
fa) giro her a little of hot dnc. What if the- has pirked fifty pnckela f 1 
remembn' atealing apples ftyself when 1 know no better, and am I le« 
hooetit man f VangfaAXi — it 1 di& i^ol Vqvn ^wi. \AMei I ahoold tvi 



dowQ u A h«-Fearo» : but even then I wduU forgive yon for the stke 
of that blow." 

He held out his hand to me Toyahj. Wu Lhis indeed a case of 
£ucmaUoD, or the vet nxtr oue of tbo rontnal rcoogmtioQ of two noble 
•oqIb ? My whole mind Uuwo two dnya bmd boen io each a aee-saw of 
doubt, Uiat I knew oot what (o b«U«Tc, I hud — I onoe sapposed— 4ay 
due share of both will and wisdom, and vet FortnoB troat«d me bo ottevlj 
na uie of bor wai&, that aha would oot -allow ma the barroQ privilege of 
raakiag up my mind. Lord Lisbmn had but iacliaatioo and iiiotinct, and 

iia had beaten me down at &U p«nts, and was ready to trampte npon 
pnjadici>a of the world in which be lived for a angle point of love, 
or du^i or honour, whatever it might bo. Was it because I was a 
«awaid, or was it only becaose he was an earl 7 The first altemative I 
scooted, tho socond 1 despised. So the only rosoU of my ar^meot 
was that I took to wondering over Zetds a thounnd times more. 1 
had talked Uke a cyole to JjotA Liabnrs — at least I knew he thought to— 
but it vaa in truth liypoerisy. Zelda — Zelda — Zelda — wherever I went 
there was nothing but Zelda. The whole world seemed to have gone 
crazy with Zelda, and to bo porsecoting qiq with its own night-mare. 
Why sboald I, a common country doctor, be singled out to be haunted 
by a craie? Why Ehoold I, a mere book-student, who might have 
married love and money and have b«en happy, be tossed about like a shni- 
tiecook becaose 1 happened to have heard this Zelda sing her nconrscd 
song ? Why should every man, as soon as I came across hlmj outer 
into a conspiracy to force Zelda down my throat and swallow her 
themselves? Why should Zclda, if she were really a witch, turn her 
evil eyes upon me, who had done no harm to her? If only Lord 
Lisbnra would start at once for the North Pole — bat even then it was 
io be with Zolda. 1 mif^t withdraw myself from bia aervice and go 
to the Antipodes, if I thoo^t that even io Van Dieman's Laud I ehoold 
be safe from Zelda, There was a sound of witchcraft in the very 
BBnu. I feared to look up at the street-comers as I walked ; if my 
eyes lightad on a hoarding, it was sure to cany an advertisement 
of Zelda. If I read the Trumpet, or even the Timca, no Polish 
pModouym could conceal the name of Zelda from me. I began to have 
A horribld fear that I should end by catching some frenzied pasaion for 
Zelda, as men in old time need to love witches against their will. By tho 
way, had she oot made Lord Xiabura drink wioo ? I had never 
analysed a love-philtre : and the idew of the Arabian and mediwval 
chenustB were not always wrong, u I knew, even when they were 
wild. Medicines may not be abh> to provoke love, but they may 
bewilder the brain into ■ state for the likenew of love to enter in. 





The Tbird BouDoia. 

Ko greater contrut eim be (leBcribcd or Imiij^eil than tli&t belvvea Ike 

bizam niGdldy of colours uul htrngiDgs Uint ZelJa «>l)e<1 her roon utdttr 

eomfortftblo half studio Imlf boniloir at BL Bavnos that Claudia Bna£ 

.bail been content to call her den'. The occnpont of a Imng-rooai '» hi 

I Boul : auil tliftt roorafi liro ami bavp cbftTActers the most inatter-oF-bd «^ 

Iwrrer known. But nnbtifpily not only does tbo soul fitahlon tba budrtm 

tli« bod; also fnebions Qie soul. Claudia in St. Bft\-oiis vr»a ooe On6t, 

Clarndtn in Miss Ferrot's drftning-TOOin n iMond, ClatidiA at tbo tMrm d 

.H. Vincent whs a third. Bhc alfo hsd tlirc« lives. 

It is with dowurigbt reliof LLaI 1 tnru, atier a loo^ absence, to i^di 

heroine once more. There is bo^rovc^ this ctctmw for sneb n«glMl, 

beri vfts the story of a cjntct son). Miss Perrot hail blamfil her for 

ting to go into bTsterios vhca tho groat cnsb came. Her fault «i 

I ODd of ignorance, htivcvfT : ebe knew Hip irord, hot tfaat iras all. 5b* tu 

|iM>t so eold-Dstnrcd that sho eoiild port firom her old life of (wiw and ne- 

ribrt or tbnt she could i\itncf s bcr {itbor's downfall from bonoor «iAa«l ■ 

puig. She WAS no stoic, and ithe had Wcu n !!poiIed cblM. Sh« mi s-l 

Fcvcn stmn^-mindcd in the eomtaon seost^ of the term, even tboof^ ihf ts* 

[<Bmppointmout of bcr Hfo hp.d tnk-fn Iho form of jihun sewing tai • 

' <laij[er's gown. Sho was weak woman enongb to catcb iears ia bar 170 

orer ihe mere dvtalls of her fetber'a rain — onr tbe low of faTonilftMlilll 

, and other tnSen IhnI nre tlm mcro outward ncd Wsihlf^ n^rsn of tW ts^ui 

and spiritnal grace uf bonie. It w&i with pain that she parted fhra ftr 

Bcene oven of a litter memory. While the lover wba bad naed b(r^ 

erDoDy naa letting himRdf drift into !ielf<made Ifiili sh«t 4leapil> Ihr tS- 

absorbiug flood of domeiitie cnlamity. mis tryrtifi to Mv* MOm horn At 

tirreok simply bi^raiue Ifaoy bad been tonched by tbe baiid of a maoi^M 

she betiored to be nnwurihy of toncliing the pore bem of ber gomt. laij 

PeoTOBo Trootd bare called her a prtide far tnnung ihe «lge of m anaU 

Ibai she co)ild not bot bclierc, ngainst the mnn instond of agauMl tW 

"voman. rorhAp<i abe ntia something of a pradu : Imt eTM aa Lord lit- 

llmro bad ArgUi>d thnt a luly in h lady, eo she held that sin vwi^ 

Hedged ronnd from all RcLi:n] experienec of tbe vnyH of t3i« toala ]tart«f 

unnkind, ftbo was ttnAblo to dieeorer Uu- eisebtial diffcmnce, a oo eri ui ylo 

I popular ethics, I'ctween a lapec on tbe pari of one «ei and - :.' 

part tiflho other, 80 that after all sho was not likeeomutos ) : . ^.; 

flbonld her lore blind hor to the fkolta of her lover ? And bow eoold Ac, 

without an itnpnsaibto denial of all flfao luld to ba right ud paiw, 

tbe gaidance uf her iifo to ooo who bad shewn bimaelf so utteriy 

of gniding bis own ctcd for the ftnt honr of bis nigagomeBi ? 

mantle contempt for right and wrong for blind pauioa'i sakA vru nol 

Mooii. Sb« ioxti one Harold Xao^loMa -. ^3a»)L oca VuA fS«iAL^h«t baact 


Ihorooghi; lor her to find room tor two. 81m bod forgivoa &«reaty>seTeQ> 
fold, but to forgive is sot to r«iD8l«t«t and abe could forget Dolbing. If 
gbe coold bftve lofgr>lt«o (he treaaon, she must have foiigoUeo bar lore, uul 
Uiml was impossible. 

It maj be remembered thut in Iba moment wbco EUrold Vfttigban 
beeune bcr seceptcd lorer, be Lad colabrkted tbtt ft>sUral by going out to 
dream aboct bimself: ber impulM bad b«CD to kill tbo boun of misp«iiM 
by doing sometbing for otbera. So, nben the first oTenbelming eruh 
mu OTor» sbe did not ait down to Uiluk abont wbat ODgbt to bo tfaoogbt 
of the dtaatiou and to «ouU>Dt bereelf witb deciding tbat tbe tncks of deo* 
tiny arc ana«cotuitable. Thf only thlcg tbat came into her bcftd IVM that 
BOmetbinft bad to bi> done. Nor was this a proofof strength of mind uty more 
tbao tb« dore-ooloared gown. It oolv shewed tbat nbe wu sU th« more 
a thonmgh-goiog member of the i>racticAl sex. All women are by oatare 
dobrs» not dKAmera, and Um sole wkod for tboir doeda being so addoD 
groat ii that tbe greateal deed* coma lirom n fordog soil oE dteama. Dreams 
\nuto th6 liree of tune men ont of ten. bnt thej am loUowing the male 
niUare: the aidi-doere bara been the orob -dreamers, from tbe dayi of 
Uoiev and before. Work is tbe strengtb of women, but who looks for 
great work from a nstnre tbAt cannot sit down to think withoQt the aid of 
a. needle? 

I Doing, therefore, was Gaadia'e strength : andber Uiongbts boilt up no 
i— 4h(: <'ap>e>l tbenuelves with wbat them was to do. She 

Idsot fiii>i : in her heart Bokwgns fortune leA bor a point-brash 

end a pair of hands. Misfortone moolJed her into form, asd sbOi like 
another Una, stepped out into an nnknown world vithont a consotoae fear. 

Thfr Buwearied Can»l, erar on tbe look-out fur a pereeotago upon 
other peO|de'fi braius, or a\toa a diniutereBted search for rising geniofl, as 
he preferred to term bis pecnliar system of blaek-mail, read Ilarobl 
Vaogban's crlticiiim in the Tnmj>et upon Ko. 41ruud, uul roeogui sing the 
name of H. Vincent, was stmck with an idea. An uubt-ard-of painter 
wu not likely to be a mine of wealth, but the price of a glass of beer, or 
Bulbing more than the glass of beer itself, was not to be dospised by the 
poorest man in the world, who began to mspcct that Zelda would Boon be 
soaring oat of bis atmosphere, and Uiat she would probably mak« her next 
aagagenuot without his tipping bimsalf ten pounds ft-week out of it. She 
was the &n«st fish be hud erer haoled, and Ibingn looked rather black for 
the discoTory of another socb as shef so it was necessary for him to look 
after tbo laaser iry whilo tboy wcro as yet below the standard size. 

" Golden Sqnare way again, by Jove I Xhat's tbo bouse— yes, I like 
tbs look of it : there's a beftntifol tine of brass beU-baniJlos duwn the door- 
post, and a most artistically broken window-pane that's as if A. Genius, 
Esquire was put up over the sbop-door. There's a delightful perfume of 
dBsl-holeB, toO| as if there wasn't much gold-dust, but as if wb»t there was 
ie all ready to oobm down. B. Vincent — a good naoto. I don t like 
the U, thongb : we'll bare it Horace in the neit cftlAltj^« *. it. wUl ^t« .%. 


sort of flftTODT Uko Bon«0 V«ni6t, and p«oplfi 'U like it wttbool bunf 
irb;. Thnnk j-oa, my d«u : hy the waj, tlu beU-vrire's out of order. V 
■ your mistrew wauta it OMnded, I «ui give b*r Uie tiftm* of a> fint-nle 
JUlow trho's ft rcgatur Jock Kotch for haogiog bells — at eoona, I 400*1 
meao trazeo belles, bat brua ones. That's s joke. Only yoo nnM 
licovr foreign languages to sea the poiut of It. This b irh«ra B. ViiMUt 
Utw, talking of hanging ? . , . Good morning, madrnm — Hra. VtiHflil, I 
prorame. — By Jove, that looks bad — I dou't like muried hmo u a rek: 
6T«i7 vomao uu't a PanUse, and she's getting aa dose and mt Dear as V>- 
tnnrrov morning. — My naine's Donis Carol t I dan sa; yon'y* bearl 
yoar husband speak of me, vrben he's talked about old timea 7 " 

Clandia, bard at work on her easel, rose and bloabed boJbre Ik* tot 
viiitor, though a Blraoger, who had seen her in bar poor room. It <■»- 
taiuod uothiog but the meiwt neeeeaaciefi of work, oxoept oue lai^ tai 
soffi^jently eonibrtable arm-obair piled op with pillow*, in ivhKib tat a 
''t<><>FUtS< givy-beadod old man, staring at a few fliekeriog coals. Oan), 
in looking rooud the room, oaugbl sigbL of the helploss-liKikiug figors. sad 
bowed again. CUudin herself ws« poorly dressed in col oar-stained mak' 
iog elothM, and her face, vbicb depended upon eotonr and form lisr tls lu 
stolaosqae boaaly, hud become woni and thin. But the onbpokci 
fraukneas of her gtey eyes remained, and the sudden flash had reskmd s 
little of the brightoeaa of which toil and unaecnstomcd pitTBtfaMk hti 
robbed ber. But thoro eouJd bo no donbt of bar being a lady aoyvlMSt, 
and eren Carol's flow of impudenee was toocbed with frost in mid eantr. 
"By Jore" be tfaongbt, "wo mnst obange all this — tban's nnatlkiig 
rotten here." He had carried his lighted oigar in with bitn, in preparattia 
for the Boli«mian gathering that he bad made up his mind to find ; bal, 
with an " Escnso mo, OHiduD," ho took a stop back throagb the door, IbI 
laid the stamp apou a staircaae window-sill beforebeimitedlbr harusmr- 

'■ I am afraid yon have mistaken tbe room," said ClatuUa. ■* X has* 
no bnstaud." 

" I am sorry for that, madam — very sorry. If yoa bad, I hwrt m 
douU I should bare known him welt. I koow everybody worth fcoowikg, 
tu I most bava known him. I am looking for H. \*ineenl.'' 

Was b«r pictore sold 9 A gleam of hope came into Claadia's «yta, 

" Yon want to see me 7 1 am Miss Brandt, bat I chose to 
under another name." 

** Brandt — Brandt — why that's the name — what — you are do relalioa 
to tbe man who— I mean tbe banker or director <M> sometbiog " 

'* HoA — that is my btber, sitting then." 

" This is indeed an unexpected pLcasore I Poor old geDtlenaD— ll ' 
Tory bad ? " 

"HafaTery, wyfll." 

" Fandysis ? — Ah, that's a nasty tori of thing. Vn known 
eases — tbooaands. Tbe worst of it is, tt puts s man oat, alt 
DoM ha VDdantand what we say ? " 


lyeib ■ 



"I few not." 

*' Poor old gentleman. X knew Um since be waa tbal bi^i — he kcew 
fme I meui. since I was." 

" What— yoa koow mj fcther ? *• 

" I know eTer7bodj— ihat's Dotbitig — ererTl>04l7. Wbat'B one lasa or 
one more 7 Notbing at ail. By Jore, 1 bare an idea. You're got a 
doctor, of ooiuM ? Wbai's bi£ nama ? " 

** He has been bmd by doetorB. Bat " 

I ** l>OB't know them — never board ol Uieni. Vori- good Cor opbtbaJmia 
and wbooptng-eongh, I daro Bar, bnt pantljiis — that's anotfaor sort of 
thing. X knov & man who has parolj^ at tha cods of his Angers — a 
splendid fellow, that's ooly got to make a nauio to brat Sir QoHxty 
JBovM. I'll send him — Dr.Vaaghui." 

" Who 2 •' 

"Dr. Yaoghon — Dr. Harold Vaugbaa — the most nsiog physician of 
the dny. He'll do Anything for me — I mtide him—" 

" Yon are tory kind — but — we are qoite well off for adrico: there is 
DO need to send for anolhej pbyiioiaa. But is be doing so well ? " 

*' Doing well ? As well as mother lUid chiM. I iiie«a him to be the 
only man before IVe done : I'll smash ap everybody else, Sir Godfrey and 
all. There's Doctor Vaagbao : I made bim. Xbero's Miss LecziDska. 
the great sclreM, yoa know — I mode her. There's Bmodoa, editor of the 
Tnimpet — I made him. There- 's my friend Lord Xjsbnm, author of 
what's his name — of coarse, you've read that — X made him. Thors's 
Aboer, Ibo composer — I made him. There wr^ Aaroa, of the Oberon— I 
made him. There's members of Parliamout^I'vo made them. There's 
the Frastdoot of the lloyal Academy— 7I mado him. And there's Miss 
Brandt, a&d X'll make her. Wbat'l) yon be ? " 

" Yoa knew my father," she said. " Yon oaa't help seemg what ws 
ars DOW. I only wont anything to do that will not part me from him." 

" 'Why don't yoa paint 10 yoor own name ? That woab) be the 

" Yoa ask me why I do not drag my Cuther's name before the world 
again— why I do not trade opon slander '? " 

*' The best nse slander conld be pat to. I know things, and I'm 
nerST wttkog about what oogbt to be done. Kever mind, thoagh. X'to 
got an idea. Of coarse, yoa are &nt<rate at portraits f " 

" I have painted them. Whether ill or well, yoa most jadge." Tha 
slender hope that her shabby visitor might be a pictore-dealer, who had 
b««n Btra^k by her tandscapo, was rapidly dying away, and she opcood 
her portfoliii with a weary sigh. 

" Why, yuu'ra a regolsr Caoaletto at portraits — a Claadia Ijorraina. 
The rery thing. By Jove, there's a nose—jnst my idea of a nose. Yoor 
father, I sappose ? And this old lady joet skotchfid oat — I sbonldu't like 
to meet her alone in a daHc lane, thoagh. Bh« looks Uke the my 
mMge's wii^." 



" Kover mind tliat," said Gaudia, hastily, and hum&g U over— A «»i 
8 first sketch t>( Mrs. Goldriclt, irhieh she had nido to ittoKteBte htr 
W'hit-Mimday tidvcoture for tiic iK'OO&t of H&rold TMgfaBO. 

"All light — IVe iie«D enoogh Tor m«. Wonld yon Iik« to fi*ni tmotr 
gohMOS, for a head ? " 

*• Tireo^ gnbMfl ?" CUndla oponed her eyes. 

" Not euoagb, eh ? Twenty^Gve, then. I'n got a w nn mh BDtfc I 
foi^ot to toll joa I' tQ th« poorest man going, so I ijhiiU fake ft tali* on 
the order ; bat that'll haro nothing to do with yon. Voa shiiU lnv» jMr 
pay cl«Ar, this tiuie any how." 

" I didn't menn it vTMa'i eaongh— it's too nmeh," eaid tli* ^it, vhsn 
practical qaalities bare, I fear, be«n oror-pnuMd. Tb« hciul ol Oa<i 
leaped within him. Bnt it smote him, loo. Ue hid /^titaliy raM if 
UuronU : it iraa now to him to find innocence in mfttieis of lUa )eaL 
Even Zelda knen the rulne of money, howeTor inuoosut ibo migbl bl in 
less important things. 

" Hong me, by Jove 1 " ho ext-Iaimed, in a spirit of mingled exnltattoii 
at baring stalked bo easy ■ pigeon, and of amozeioont at hia diseuiw.i. 
" H&Dft me, if aoyhody shaD erer be yotir agent but m« — I'll smash thHi 
□p, and vhat I say I do." 

It was 08 though bo had saSd, " I'll take oate that nobody ahall «lwU 
yon bnt me." It wa« not chirali^ aRer LorI Livboni't pattoni; bit 
there is soch a thing tm ehiTalry whieb bean for its crest, not th« dk 
purse, bat the eow's ear, and is oqnulty true in its way. Bo U cam* ibsrt 
that while Harold Yanghan's exalted beggar-i^dri hud enlisted tha sorooetii 
knigbt of tlio silken pennon for her ehrunpioa, his dethroned qoeon kal la 
pnt np with the kuight of that from which, its proverbs go, Bo uikan pns* 
or pennon eon be made. 


Olaudia'b Fin.'fT Patrom. 

TuBSM is ouother prorerb, or nuher snperstition, aeeordiag tu whi«h om'i 
left ear boms wheo ill is being spoken of its oiiner, thougti a Uboamd 
miles away. There is also another Bnperstitioo, or rather boliaf. aesstd- 
ing to whioh no lady can bo gnilty of listeMing to eonvcnatioaa. Ihna^ 
koy'holes. Not only Zelda's left ear, bnt her rif^t ear and her rigbi saA 
leil ohe«ks were bonuog when, hidy or no lady, abe drew them away hssa 
the kcy-holo that ebo tind loelud between bar own iDom and Jjiui Iii> 
bum's. She had not heard the whob ooBTenaUoo bolvoea the t«« 
firicnds, nor conid she niulerstaiid alj abe heard. Bnt what ahe did haar 
was quite onoqgh to make her cars tinf^a wilhoot being eaogh' ' ~ '-^ 
visitors in the flapant fact of ptoviut; herself to be no hwly in tX 
of CMresdropping. 6he ttmicd lound iharvlv apon both ct ihem. Ow 



vrns CmtoI, wbom she knew, Ihe other was n l^dy whom she did not know. 
She ms polite onoogb, boverer, to stnglo ont licr u^fttAintAncfl Cv her 
attaek, ifter kttiitg down the etutain that she had added to the door as 
w^ u ft Qev bolt and key. 

"How daro jron ? " tihe fluog oat at Carol. " Didn't I order yo» 
nevdT to coou into my room ooleas job were sent for ? " 

" That's cool. I ahotUd like to loe what sort of room yoo'd bare had 
if it hadn't been for me. Nirnir mind, Miss Brandt — slie's (Mily in one of 
hw tempera." 

" Yon forgot who yon 're speaking to." 
' '^And that's OratituJo," be said patbetieall,?. 

"Who is ahe?" whiepcrod CUiodia norrously, bewildetod by the 
straoge room in vhich she foand beraolf, and more than half frigbtonod at 
the little Qgore that stood flashing before tUom. 

" Ab, JOB, I Diusl introduce you, Paaiiiie, tlua is " 

" Get out. Wlu) are yoa ? " she asked Claudia, looking over h6r 
eononsly from bead to fool. " Yoa're not the woman that oaine in here 
to-day, are you, and looked into all my boxes while I was away ? " 

" Mademoiaellc, tbii ia " 

"Didn't I say get oat? If it Isn't the woman that looked iota my 
boxes, I suppose she has got a tongue of bor own to uy no. I don't 
Waal, yon— be ofl*, and don't come again til] yoq're aaked for. If yon 
don'i go, I'll bnTO a spmlned ankle far a week, like I did before, Tlie lady 
can stay, if she wants mo. There, now tbfit fuUon's off, nbo ore yoa ? " 
» "And pray, who are yoa?" aaked Claudia quietly. She was eer- 
toioly not inclined to be boUied fur flve-ond-twonty ponodtii. 

Zelda, whOM head Boaroely reached above Claudia's shoulder, looked 
np at ber grarely and hard. Thcu she cnrtu^d uilb tbo dignity that is 
altnoet teodiing in itaclf vbon nsorpod by a tiny 6gare like bora. But 
Claudia had not oatgrown the morbid pride of poverty, and held herself 
up nnbendingly. 

" I was told that a lady n-ished to see me," ebe said. " As it seems 
I was miBtakoD, I bad better go." 

*' i was very angry and very mde," niud Zelda, " and I bado't seen 
yonr eyes, nor heard yea cpoak, and*yon eeme with Carol. I'm sore I 
dont know that I wanted to see yeu-~I dare aay 1 did, l>at I want twenty 
things au bour, aud never think of them again if tbey don't come." The 
prima Jonna was anddenly seized with a shy fit : ebe bad never spoken to 
a lady in bor life boforv, and folt as ill at ease as if ber visitor had been a 
eroatore of anoAber order. PbyHtcal oonlrast alao told — Lboro was DOl a 
single point in wbicb tbo two were not one onotber'a oppoBite, from the 
(■own of the bead to the point of the heel. In dress, at least in eostlinetis 
of tmiment, Zelda bad Lbe advantage — a point that perhaps told a little 
with C3asd&i by way of inerewe to ber pride, bat Zelda, thongh ska had 
cbangsd ngs for satin, was eontent to be a peaoock borself^ wlthont regard 
to the bihioQ, or noticing what other women wore. 

2£U)Jk*ti POUTUi.'E. 

" She must bo some EoEtcm prutcess," thau^l Claudia, toto 
head it never came Uiat her fother's self-stjlad old friend uroold dm la 
bring her into company where she ought not to bo, tLttd wbow lopv- 
gruphieal knowledge of Loniloii was oot extensive «uoti{(h lo mggMt tlttt 
Ooldcn tifiuare wu not the qaart«r for prinewNfl. " And I mppOM that 
aro Ensteni ways." Her own accent was not Engltfib enongh to (iD Iki 
whether Zelda's English waa foreign or no. 

•' ilj iiftDie is UhM Brandt, Madame : Ur. Carol told in« that pa 
wanted yonr portrait paiatad, and was good enoogh to give me th« eeuf 
misaion. IT be was wrong, I am sorry." 

'* Uaybo I did— hot Carol makeg out I want all aorta of tUa^ 
never was done, only in stiekilig plaster. labonU like lo be dtuiethoai^ 
in real colours. Ah, I reniemhcr aomething about it now — they vibI to 
pat mo un the mosie coveis. Yas, I think I'll bo dtma. How bog H 
yon be 7 I'm ready — only malie me just like I am. Only I mast kotk 
down my hair," 8he took a comb and brush out of her work-baakaL " I 
think the denee is in my hair : I want to have it done flat Uka JMI& 
Ladies always bava flat hair. I want you lo make mo like a lady. Vo yoa 
think I'd bettor put on Eome rouge 7 And you needn't make me qoita H 
black, and don't make me qnite so small. Wait a minato : I mnat pot aa 
my other ear-ring, and now yon can begin." 

" J can mnko a study ot you if you like, but I'm a slow worker : and 
yoa most give mo time. I didn't eome to girc yoa a rogolar aittmg aom." 

" And you'll paint me as yuo aay ? " went on Zolda, wanoiog wilb 
the idea, while Claudia's artistic iusttnota began to wake op bafon lb« 
splendid and ptctoresque aabjocl sho had foood. 

** If yon would only lot me paint you in character," aha said. 

" Aa how 7 " 

" I mean as a Spanish flowor-girl — yoa should have aal lo klndlah 
Hadame— or aa a Sultana, or, best of all, as a Oitana, a Gipsy giri " 

'■ ytodfti-.l! No I What do yon take me for 7 An Enfi^iah lady, Or ba- 
thing at all E Oh, Fd bleea yon for ever if you'd ^rc me hair tike yovra t ** 

" I think yoa are wrong. 1 have the sketch quite in my otiod'a aye. 
It shoold be a halMength^ and full face, with the hair roughed ovt *aA 
the lips jnat open, as if they were speaking. Yon ahonld wear your ear- 
rings, if yoa like, and yoa should have a scariet cloak half thrown baokt 
and the back-ground dioold give a aort of idea of tbe abade d treaa." 
Certainly Claudia waa not otifpnal in her riews, eieepting in the proper way 
to conciliate a patron. Zelda looked at her half soffptcioosly, half aadly. 

" Am I, then, so tike a liomani 0Ai7 .'' I want to ba done like what 1 
want to bo." 

" Very well ; I won't paint yon in ehnraetei aa you don't wtah* bvl it's 
a chance thrown away. Only for goodnaas' aake don't meddle with you 
hair. I'll begin to-morrow, bat I'll make jnat a skatch now. if yos Itksv 
to study at borne. Bat, do yoa know. I don't even know jroor name ? ** 

" Uadcmoiselle Leeiinalm, of tbe Obaron." 



" Wbat I an you Hademoiselle LecKmaka ? " Oaa^n hid bees ont 
of tbe va,T of beariog CMamoD seandab, aod sever sammed eril. Bbe 
odIj looked with additional iiit«re«t asd carioHil}- at the aetreae aad hor 
bdon^gs — Kke Harold Yangfa&D, elie had noTer bofbrA realiwd tbo 
exuteoce of an aotrese off Iba stage, and her taBtea, porhapi also ber 
foreigD blood, led her to sjmpathiao with art and artiata of all kindft more 
than if she had never pot brush to catiTafl, or than if she bad been a 
folI'btDoded EDglishwoman. 

" Yes ; I'm her. What do yoa think of me ? Do yon think me ao 
' verj BtniDge ? " 

" 1 think ,voa are noliko aDybodj* I ever savr." 

" That mcana 70a don't like tan ? " 

" I Trant to make ao onUine of your profile. Please tnm jroarbend 
— msyljDOT'eit? Ho. Why do yon think 1 ilos't like roii ? I like 
Ton tmmcDSolv for a subject. As for the rest, yon can hardly expeet me 
lo say in five minutes." 

"Why not? I Ukod yon the first look I bad of you. But it isn't 
bloe eyes like ronrs that see tilings, thotigli I'd giro mine bryoars and 
weleome. Is iL done?" 

"Not searly." Claodia fna nol too iutcat npoo h«r work to be 
taking stock of the costly chaos aronml her, and thinking how a giil 
apparently no older than herself, and obvioaitly, she coald cot help seeing, 
ber intelleetiul inferior, conld have managod to gather np so mach of the 
w(H-ld's thiffiintrif. She might get oiDe of the practical lessons she was 
always looking after. 

** Hndemoiiiellc," she raid, "we arc both artists — wo are both 
fonsignerfl. Have yon ever bwo poor ? " 

*' Poor 7 I hardly know. I've alwayK bad RomeUung to eal, all bnt 
aotMtimes, bat I haven't always had money. I'm awfully food of money 
— I don't know which is best, saving it or spending it. I do both as well 
ag I can, but it's bard to know which to do aometimca." 

" 1 slioold have thought getting it waa the only hard part." 

" Oh, that's nothiDg. It oomc«. I jnst nog a few songa, and people 
pay me. 1 shoold oover get any If I bad to rake it op with my flngers." 

" Yoa have a wouderfttl gift, MRdemotsetle — I envy yon." 

" Why don't you sin;; thon ? It's as easy as talking, nny day." 

" For one very good reason — -nobody ever taught me." 

'* Kor me ; only poor Lucus ; and I coald sing long before then. I 
thoni^t every girl could sinj*. What else in she made for ? She eaa't 
8«U bOTMB, Dor iboe them, and if she coald, she'd cmly get knocked 
down by the men." 

" Bat yon mast hare learned somehow ? " 
\ " Why ? It comes, like money, I euppoae. Who taught the Cbirik* 
loii — the bksaed birds ? Not Lncas, nor Abncr, anyhow." 

" Well, (iod waa not ao good to mo. Yonra most be a glorioas life, 
UadenKriselle— to bare ootblog to do io the world bat lo foUow ^<wx o^n^ 



oatwe. Tboa^ I can neitbar act nor ting, I thiok Um Ufa of • pwl 
tinger like 70a most b« tlie most plorioits in tbe world — almosi u ifiviM 
as Nature herself, and made bAautiful by Art bcridei. I emn uii d i h wi 
wb; tbe gottlng of moncv aboold bo of small necoont willi too. \fkj. 
OTfiu fiune most bo Ibe bihkHoeI Uiiiig in a free caroer Uka Toar*." 

" I snpposo yon mean tba notegaji? It'n ploriaas enoo^, U lU'l 
irhat ^'oa meao. Bat wkut'g Qic good of it all. if it ettn't mak* ■# b« 
irh&t I want to be ? " 

'* What, then, do yon iranl to be ? *' 

ZcItU Lbought for a tuomGiit, and at last ansvorod, " Liko yoa." 

" Like mc ? Witboiit a ffR aboTO tba comizton — who am 
expect to do more than keep myself, ami wiH be prond anil bappy (f I em 
do tbat and do more — wbo can ooitber sing, cor play, nor tio tboog^l >f 
by Royone — doeii not thut sound like nonsenac, Msdeisoiaalle 9 Uhl 
vfho would give myself np to be like yon." 

" Ah 1 but nobody tbioks ill of yon ; nobody itmfitoa joo ; b6M! 
treats yon like bo mnob dirt I You bavo somebody to talk to, bmnt 
yoa ? 'When yoa get money, yon can get what yon want with H : Ik 
only thing 1 want, I can't buy. 1*0 yoa think I inml to bay bread nl 
water ? I coald get tbem witbonl the bnying, if nefd be. Br Jorel "— 
she bad eattght up tbe oath from Carol — " If I sing, I want tt lo bta 
my own way, all alooo, and not those confoonded black lines that old fc«I 
Abner writes down for me. I don't want people to staro and potnl 
and say, • Thoro goes Maderocnselle Leczinska.' I wnoted moDej, 
wanted to be great, so that I mightn't bo locdccd down on ; aad It's ill 
worse than ever." 

"I msb sbo wouldn't talk so strangely," thought Claadm. galliaiD| 
herself together ever so slightly, with an uncomfortable ' it swae- 

thing or other abont her pintroness was not quite as it sIiul.: 1 . . . 

** I like Lbo npplsnse, and tbe bouijnets, and tho money, atill ; bat its 
all as if rdbougbtahorsewith them, and he'dtumcd 01:' ^A. Yen 

are a lady. Did you ever want anybody to like yon Ter. uJoed ? " 

»' Nsfver." 

" But sappote you did ; what should yon do ? " 

*' Uodemoiselle I How on earth can I tell ? " 

*' Would it not bo to got rieh and grand, so that be should look if' 
with all tbe rest of tbe world 7' ' 

"That depeodi, I shonld say," Claudia answered, as coldly 00 poaible. 
** If ho was Uko most men, I shonld sny yes." 

" Bal ho isn't Uke most men. He's Uko no other man." 

"Then I shoold say no." 

" Would it bo by bying to be good and to please him ia amy *»y ' ' 

" Very lik«Jy." 

" Or by maUng bin fisar one ? But he's too brave for that. Fn afnii.^ 

" Indesd, HadsxaotMlle, I don't know. 1 ulsh yoa wonldn'l ask ae \ 
■Dch Ihin^. There-!-] baTo dona aSl l ^>ra'n^ ten \jo-Aa.'5." 



*' Bat I mtut uk. I belicrc in 70a, and I won't let jroo go. Hsre 
yon ever cared about uarboilj — dulq ot wooies, I don't mind ntlio ? " 

"No; I doa't know ■ " 

" OiTfl me yonr band. Now tell me — yts or no." 

" Suppose I won't eay an^iliing 7 Please, Madeiu<jiseU(), Ut go my hand." 

"That meaoB je», then." 

** Hun I fiaj no." 

** Tfant moaoB jroe. too. II I can't read uTeelfj I can read you. Yon 
have yoxu heart in joor band, all Lot what's in joor eijtt. What do 
yoa do ? " 

" I ? " 

" I want yon to t^acb toe. No ; I won'i giro Dp jonr hand. VHtat 
do yoa do? Bat tbcn, no doobt Le coraa for you, too. Thal'g vh^: I 
want to be like you." 

AH this was wiM anil ndicntona onoogh ; bnl Claudui's b(;art was a 
vary fiurly largo ono. to malcli with her nmplo statnre. People in her 
station were not in the holit or catching hold of tho Gr»t stranger tbey 
find for a confidActe of their love-stories. Bat there wan something so 
utterly unconTtmtional about Zelda, that nothbg she ever did or eaid 
could appear In ilself strange or oat of Iceepiug : tbti whole atrange&oss 
lay In her who did or said it ; and when that was once got over, aU tba rest 
seemed to follow. Claudia, tbou^ she was incapable of telling a white 
lie without betraying; hereelf, would have gone to the rack rather than 
have owned to her own father the smallest fraction of her beait'a history, 
so she could not bo expected to sympathise nith one who seemed to be 
calling out Ler sorrows from the housetop to all the four winds of heaven. 
But yet eumostncsa wonld have its way ; and as the passioD, wbatorer 
it might be, was so outspoken, it could not be that there was anylliing 
to conceal. A very natuml cariosiiy about ber eccentric patronoes, 
whoee whole nature seemed to ho the opposite polo to ber own, could not 
tail to exeito a certain amount of interest, if not of sympathy. That a. 
man should refuse to be uiptivated by Zelda, so long as there were other 
woman in the worldi was folly oooonntuble to her woman's cyea ; but 
what sort of mothqueller could he be, who had acted the pnii of lighted 
candle to MdUe. Leczinslca f 

A sort (if fascination Lad of late come to pour from ZeUa's eyes. 
ttbether they were evil or no. The reii»oa is not Uit to sock, (or they 
were dork and grand ; and, when she was in earnest about Huything — as 
she always was about all things — her little, eager figure seemed rather to 
belong to her eyes, than hor eyes to ber. Claudia's smnU belief in herself 
would hove led her to refuse the oQico of )>ortmit.pHiater to the ftriwii 
dvnnn, bad she DOt UiouKht of the old mac, to whom she owed not only 
filial olTeelion, but malerunl core. " HoWi" she tbonght* " shall I ever 
paint those eyes, if I am to make their owuer a commonplace young lady?" 
iibe managed to roJeoEe her hand, and ruso to go. 

"I can teach you nothing, IkUaemoiselle. You, who learn from 



Kature, can have nothing fo lean from ma," 8be fnU hentUt 
to look away from the «yes, aad, as laok woald hara it, tbfff li^iled i 
ilie watch, ivhcre it hong from iU nail id thd wall — Um Doetor'c pU 
-watch, that she hod seen a bnodred times. Than m^t be a bsadiid 
watches lika it ; hot sh« wai not oaar-sighted, asd the baek, vUch nt 
tuinail towards bcr, hore a cfphor that b«toa);&d ooljr to oa». Tba IJ^ 
was fading, however, aai sho could not raust apiiroaehing to sm if W 
eyea had possibtjr deceived her, though she tntstod them implieiti/, asd 
with good caase. 

Zelda saw her start, and hoard the saddoo halF-exelamatioa llat 
escaped from her. She coatd uot help, therefore, DoUciog what (Saafii 
did and what she looked at while nnder the tnomonlary inpalst of 
surprise. Bbe bad been Iraiccd from hor babyhood to those bahils «f 
observation that pass with the dopes of the fortoao-teJler, and Pom rtlMf 
vith the forltine-tcllcr beraelf, for the istoitiou of the rliurvorante ; At 
bad twisted half n seorel from Claadio, of whose hloo ejeo, iftll 6^n, 
and genera] ladjliood she wag already jeakws, and her mind was fsDr 
directed npon Harold Tanghan. 

Claudia turned very pale ; Zelda flushed np like a flaining 

"I wanted to see the ttm«>, Madeoioisclle," said Claadim. Ijbfi 
Ruch a manner, that aho could not have made a full«r coafo 
is time to go," 

" And to-morrow 9 " 

" You ehull hear from mo, MadomoiMlle." 

'* What— yon won't come 7 I can't wait— not a day. 80," ihs 
thought, " this is whj T am despised — :ih, if I had but known w^f !— 
Stay ; will yon not have some wine ? We most be friends." 

"I never take wine," eiiid Claudia, btntly. " I mast go now." 

** Stop— tell me one thing ; jou know Carol : do yoa know hk friod. 
Harold Vaaghan?" 

'* How dare yon speak to me of Harold Vanghan 7 " eried Olaoiia. 
8hc conld not even pretend to tie any more: she had tuxij bnfcai down 
noder a now blow that she was not proof igaiost in spite of eJl bstr s^- 
discipline. Stie only gathered herself together In a manner to *hv& 
Lady Peonsa's soomfol nse of her skirts had been mere child's |4tT, 
and, withoot another word, sailed straight from the room. ZekU ktaiBprd 
npoo the floor, m if invoking a demoo, and a demon arose. Wbal be 
is called in the infernal hierarchy I know not : mortals etUI him by the 
bideons name of jealoaay. 

At the aame moment, however, another voice spoke (hrongh the ie 
from which Clandia had disappeared. 

**Arc you bUU oDgaged, Mademoiselle 7 " asked Lord UthDra. 
mast see yon, if it's only to wish yoo good-by." 

Sho was thinking too little of him to rera^^mber btr veiii, as abe 
thoogb with iliiicuaragiog impaljoiiee, " \ea ; I am alone. Yoa may 1 
in, if yoD like." 80 he came itt. 



SEPTEMliKIl, 1873. 

JJoung JBroton. 

BOOK n. 


Good fob Nothiro. 




ILT.TAM Brown being deprived of 
Lismato, Viioi about vory luucL like 
otber young fellows in siuulnr cir- 
cam&tanees. Ho took to loosing 
agftinsl posts a good il«al, and bs 
wbu vas once the Mjtbest lad in all 
tbo ooontry side began to mope and 
be idle. He could out settle down 
to anj'thing. Ho did not know when 
to go to bed or when to get up. 
Tlis oecnpatioQ was gone, and with 
it ail tbo Zfist and pleitBure of life. 
A few dAj8 ago whatever be might 
bo doisg bad aome refereoca to her, 
and vaa raeatally judged hy bcr 
fitandaixl of eomparifioti. If he was 
ubout any garden work lie woold 
think when he should bare Enifihed 
it that he might look in at Mrs. 
Jtiika*i tiottugo and talk a bit with Sally. If be found a huge gooseberry 
on a tnwt or twin flowers on ooo stalk, or if he dag oat a carioua 
■tone or an old ttoiti (t)ia inn garden hud beca a batUo field is the Vfuni 




■V- A 

VOL. xxnn. — no. 16S, 





of Iho Itoeoa, and mftn; aoch relics were turaod ap bI odd Ubm], It 
pai tbem aside to akew her Id the eronlDg u a enbjoct for eoannatiet, 
WtaoD he took bis reading leeson &om Ur. Mowledj, he aIwats tiM to 
remomboT ao^ carratiTe which made an impreBeion on his mind ia «riir 
to nip«at it io her, and he had tuDght the girl to read and wifts a Sttii 
henedf. Now all this was over. If he worked Id the garden it wu aoi 
digging with a spade or hoeing with a hoe. His readings warie men il«- 
KiDgs without pnrpose mto a book. Vi'hat bo liked best was io lie don 
rflat tuider a tree, with lus head buried in bts anna aod think of Sallj hem 
after hour in a day-dream. Then, as be eoold not sleep at night, bat Si 
awake hot ami fovortab, he got up and wandered rooiid the bUfkswJtb'l 
cottage that he might catch sight of Ball; when ahe went oat wilb W 
milk-pul earl J. Bat the second momiog after he had deriaed this stistijjw 
gannt Harry himself, appearod with the pail and milked Ins cow in pmoa. 
Bally had boon packed olT crying the aAomoon befors in the caimr'i 
cart to pass a few months at Drooington itith a sillj old aont wha 
kept a Bmall mercer's shop, and Willie aaw her no more at Wakefield. 

It was about this time too that the Ix^, grown reddoss and 
against his eldera, fell into indiflerenl company, and the miUer 
Inend the Cnrato that Sir ^Uchord's head keeper was on tbe look out for 
him. It was a period uf agricoltoral distress, and the stamp onter; 
which arises out of it. There waa a. loud outcry agxioat the Game Law*, 
and eonseq^uently a nnmber of poachers abont. They did not think tbi 
stealing of hares and pheaaants criminal, but rather gloried in it aaoof 
themselves. Yoong Brown, who was now generally iifffr^'''e akvA Ska 
woods, fell in with some of these poachers, who wr' v pUaHst 

adrentnroafl fellows, and he felt a growing fancy for tl. '.-cy. Om 

day the boy astooishod his bther by holding forth tnddenly at 
ahoat " the righta of Iho people ; " be did not tmJprRtaad in ihe 
what liu said, but he had eanghl tbe wild radical jargon of the lime, if a 
psrrot Icnms to stv«ar. 

Tlie Curate noticed all these things wtth"& heavy li^aii, for Mr. 
tfuwledy lorcd tbe boy whom ho fancied oaght lo bare bocD lua mh, aoJ 
might have been bad oventfl turned out oLb<>rwtBi} tl- " 
U« understood only [qo well the causo of the clur 
at once come orer the character and conduct of the ^v. 
whom ho hod taught lo earofally; for gileot and ieM}i\-- 
Brown might bo with eTei7 one else, lie told his secret to ti 
frankly. Mr. ifowledy even calltsl npon tbo bitu-ltasiitb 
ground to sec if it would bear a cautions step or lw>< - '• 
notable differenco betwcea the Proteatunt oleigy '< 
Catholic brethren. Thu English pastor is Jiydoaaly cidu^icd from ihs 
private family afliurs of hii flock. Uo is a pi>rwn cobDcettd with 
the Church and the Sunday coal, and must never bo heard vr listened t^pfl 
Bpui from tbem. It couioa from the faol that onr Umvoraily bred clergy' 
haw liajo felloir footing uid \an «ommQxti!ti^ «l >^vni^\ ^\\K ilw 

Bo man 



*eaoti7 ; whereas the CaUiolto ekrgy ore often only peuants them- 
and feel and think with their own class. 
The reverend gentloman baling boeo therefore rebnfled rather radely 
^t the blacksmith's vhen he went to pleail the canse of hia yoang friood 
fellow Gahennan in a dlscre«t way, 90 aa to obtain time and faroar 
him, was wending his way dii^ninaolately homeward, wheo ho met 
'. Bharpe, with a leather bag in his himd, comiug from the rallwaj. 
Mr. Bbarpe bad now all the affairs of Sir lUchard Forteoiu and his 
ler ID hand. He reoeived the rente of the oetttte, eat down timber aa 
as it was ready for the axe, and paid the Curate's stipend with aomo- 
hat more regularity than it had ever been paid before, thoagb lie 
acted income tax which wafi not doe upon it, and took ij(f the prioo of 
receipt stamp which he did not affix to the Curate's aeknowlodgmeot for 
money ; and Ihcee were things which would never have occurred 
large and generous ftool of Dr. PorU'^ons. Ou the contrary, when- 
that polished member of the aaperior oler^gy had felt the nceeeatty of 
leducting aoylhiag £rom bis ciirate'a stipend, ho had preferred to retain 
Ihe whole of it in bis own hands rather than bring bbi gentlemanly mind 
down to the consideration of vulgar fracLioDS, with his " Revorend friend 
pad eoUeagoe," as he conrtooasly called his sabordiuate at such times, 
tho whole, however, the Curate pre!erred the less polile, bnt more 
insinefiS'liko practice of Mr. Sharpo, and regular payments on tho one 
tmreeisUng aubmissJoa to petty pocolalioa on the other, had 
!tuUy eatabtisbed between them a sali^ctory state of aOkirs, which 
iked aimost like friendship at a little distanoo. Certainly they both 
oaoh other well : the Cnmle bocBuse ho never wished ill to any 
iving thiog (except worms, which ho had schooled himself to impale on 
ihilanthropic principles), and Mr. Sharpo booauae there really was no 
in why be should go out of his way to do tho Curate an ill turn while 
waa more convenient and respectable to be on good terms with him ; 
'. Sbarpe was too dhrewd a gentlcniBn not to nndentand the Talne 
ilameloas clergyman's good will. 
It was DOt that Mr. Howledy did not see through him. h reverend 
gentleman who was once stroke in hiti college eigbt, and a jonior 
Student of Christehnreh, Oxford, cannot altogether forget the expc- 
Henees of bis youth. He knew very well that tho lawyer was a rogue 
who cheated him of a few abillings every quarter ; but be also had 
orhlly wisdom or charity enough (they are nearly the same qnah'tios) to 
shut his eyes to the small robbery, and signed his name every tbreo 
Inoaths to tho strips of paper in daplicate which the attorney presented 
|or his ngnatnro, as though he did not notico tho ftgnroa upon them. 
Mr. Sharpehad aomelimoa an nneasy aospiciou that the pale-faced scholar 
was not quite a fool, bnt he deadened his conscience with a few loud 
Qivil words as he pouched the trumjiory theft. He was a fallow who 
did not look to see if there was mud upon a shilling when he picked it up. 
How de doo, Hevereud gent ? how de do, ux '? " %u.^ 'V\i. 'aViut-^^ 



baarUI^ aa tiiej nut, bnt tboagh Uiis dog Baetnod to bufc 
enough hi» »jo8 wera sbifly, and Uo wu Moratly ill a1 oam In > 
□urn's compuv. 

Ur. Mowledy answored with Iho mild good t«stA nfttanl I0 I 
thODjib mh almost impereeptiblu timile plumed for mi JDrtimt tboqt 
eoroftn of hia month nnil thon diod amy as tfaoogh reprored bjr 
BBnoo of that augnst and beautifal efa&ritj nbieh sat enthtoood 
lunplo brow of tbts lowlj priest. 

Then Mr. SbArpc'a mind tnrning insUnetireljr to mooej •■ TWfii 
most, romisdod the Carato that to-momv wu " pa/ day." 

" Nothing comes round so bsl a« paj day to Ui« master, or K> iki* 
to tho man," said Mr. Bharpe. 

Ur. Mowledy internally ao^owledged tbo joBtiee of thli iJiat» 
remark, for having lately bod to pay hia rent be bad only two 
left in his pm'se, and be vas about to B«nd off one of them as hi* 
coQlribatioo to the Rlble Socialy, the only way he bad of doiog good wSk 
his BDull means, bo he thougbt, and he tratted that the Et«n»J VmIv 
when he came might find his aiogle talent well employed. 

" Penny a poond moro put on the income tax, RoTereDd Sir, wladr 
will make just 000 and thcoopeoce less this qnarlor on yoor aceoanL' 

" Truly, a pt'Ony a pound doducttid from fifl««n poiinda il 
the Bum by fifteen pence," ansnored the Corate, with a elicit eon 
of the browB more like an expression of poaa than dtspleasnr*. B 
inToluntarily ashamed that a man witb an immortal soul aboald be ao bsM- 

" Ah, your Reveranee," said Mr. Bhajpo, awkwardly trying to ahift Iki 
load of bis infamy on to other Bbouldcti<, " if I bod my way I wvM 
knock off that tax on your income, and I told Dr. Purteona it vom a shaiu 
to take it. Bat the doctor is terribly loose in bis oocounu, and U 
observed with coneidorablo shrowdoess that the valao nf the liriog is bb* 
qaeetiomibly more than the sum fixed by iho Inromu Tax Comminiootfs 
for exemption, and thon]fore it woe only right tbM yon sbonbl par 
sharo of it." 

" I am cunlent to do BO. X did not Teature to make any 
on the sutijeet." 

" No, sir," rapliod Mr. Sbarpo, "I e&onot esy yoa erar did 
now or at any other time, but if yoD will allow me to make tlie 
you l<x>ked as if yoa oonld aay a good deal if you were incUnod lo do to. 
So eonld I, but Lard lorn yoa, sir, Dr. Portooas has got holee in both 

<• I am not aware that I referred to him," replied the Carat«, mi< 
willing to bo betrayed into bnaring one ankind word against hia patron ; 
and Ur. Bharpe having eased hit mind of its diilicully about tho om ao4 
threepenee, oonaentod cheerfully to change tho couTcnatioiu Hie nail 
wordSf howeTor, atartlcd ^Ir. Mowledy out of all self cootroL 

** I'to oome down to Wakefield this fine afleniooa, thou^ I was da4 
dne tiQ to-morrow obKrred Mr. Shaipe ohewAUf . " partly beeuue I 



TU ft litUo off my feed, and wanted somo eoontry air ; portly bceanse 1 
am going lo take out a warrant against young Brown fur poachtng." 

" A warrant I *' ecbood Mr. Mowledy, tnrning very polo. " Sorely 
not. There is no harm in the boy. Ho ia'merely a loTe-aick lad, who is 
idling aboat just now ; bat hia parenta are honest people and woald not 
coaatonaneo bis dobg anything wrong, nor is the boy himself badly 

" Humph I" mnsed Mr. Sbaipe, parsing op his lips thongbtfoUy. 
" He has toen seen with a set of radical chaps who go abont snaring 
pheasaots, wiring faoree, and sponting scditioa. That docs not look 
modi liku a good boy, yuar Kevcrence." 

•' I admit, sir," replied the Cnr&te with ill concealed anxiety, *' that 
tho boy's coniloet for some woeka past has not been all I could desire : 
bat I shall esteem it as a personal favour, a favour demaadiiig no 
ordinary graUtade> if yon will show him indulgence on this oce&eioD, utd 
■oeept my oseurance thut he will never offend sgain." 

" Ah, that is all very well, yuar Rererenco, hot phoasaots aro selting at 
ft*. 6d. a bead in London, and Sir lUchard's estate is rery much embar> 
mirod. Xow as CTcry acre of it is entailed, and wo cannot get bold of 
tha DOSt hoir-at-law abonld ho sur^-ivo the doctor, wo must not cat off tlie 
entafl or s«ll n fool of ground, eo we are obliged to make the most of all 
tha prodnco for tho creditorA* soke. I'm trying now to let off Ibo farms 
at nominal rents, on long leases, with finett, or what we Londoaurs call 
prcminiQS, on entering into possession. They tell me the land will snflor, 
and the fiirmcrs will take all they can oat of it and put nothing in, but I 
can't help that. We must make what wo can oat of it daring Sir 
Richard's life, which ain't worth much I hear ; we eball never get a six- 
penoa aftarwards, heyond bis tnanranccs. So I've had tho pheasants 
Bnmbenid, and there aro six-aud- twenty missing this week." 

" U the Taloe of a few birds recently missed from the preserrcs will 
indtusa jtm to act Isniently l^ the boy Ilrown, will yon kindly pormit mo 
lo ask yon to ba so good aa to deduct it from the stipend nbich is coming 
to ma to-morrow," arged Lho Carate, entreatingly. 

" Well, yooir Beverenee, business is business," replied Mr. ftbarpe, " bttt 
if I let him off this time ho will bo at it again ; and then you know if yon 
don't pay the damage I mnsL" 

" Nay," pleaded tbo poor parson, " I will take eara that whoever 
poaches on Sir Richard's preserves, 'William Brown ehall not do so. I 
wilt nuke him promiao me to refrain, if he has ever been guilty of this 
ofleneo in pursuit of apott rather than from the desire of gain ; and I 
know I can roly oo his word." 

"Tweuly'siz pheasants at three shilUngs and rixpeiico a head makes 
jnst fonr pounds eleven," remarked Mr. Sharpe, rapidly totting np somo 
Eguns on bis Lhnuib-nalt with a peoeil, "and shall wc say one pound 
nine for bares number ::Dkaowil to make even money." 

"That will make six pounds," said the Curate, vboing sUg^y. 



*' And I shall huTc jnrt nlno boys. Ibm tho incomo-Ux, lo r-'^ ™' 
IteTareaco," obGerreil Mr. Sluupo, briskly. 

Tb«; walked on tdgethtt io nlfinee for aomo nrinntM afta U^ ^ isi 
then Mr. Shorpo baiiI good-fanmooKidW bat rather luuiUjr. "Y(»r!bw- 
CDBO BMOU to take aa intereEt io ;i'otmg Brown." 

" T«fl," answered tbo Curate, " I do toko ft Torj great ialtnM m ok. 
Uo is a pnpil of mine, aiid a lad of BoasidentUe procoiM. Cf4^ 
boDost, brigbt wttted, brare, nod resolute ; rather an anoommoD ebawttr- 
Ho will, I tbitik, make bis mark io life." 

•• Wbowl " wbl^Ucd air. Sbarpo, and ifaoo be added mesmn^, " V4 
yonr Hovereaeei take a foors advice, utxi keep tba boj otrt of imid i A 
It isn't any particular bosinoss of mine jnst now to get him into hnHi. 
indoed it is jasl poKsiblo that my interest ouiy Ue soio* day ^niU ta ■ 
difTercnl diiootion, and 1 may find it suit lae to do him a good tarn. M 
there may be — mind, I do Dot say there aF»— «eTfiraI people who mil 
Dot bo Borry to bgo him got oot of the way, and all his whole firnQj too, 
fur the matter u! that." 

" YoQ ain»to mo," said tbtf Curate. " I bavo lived bar* dov 
ycara, and I never know thom do barm to any odo." 

"Very likuly," remarked Mr. Bbarpe drily. "By iLe wj, 
llcrerenG«, did yon over see aoy of the Duke of Ooortbopo's people 
here P " 

" No," ruplied the Curate, reiy for indeed off the scent, for, like no** 
single-minded and hooett people, be was uUerly gtuldeas and 
picions. "Dr. Porteons mentioned tome, [remember, that his QiMS 
hod Bome ioterest in Sir Richard's eetafe." 

« Oh DO, he ba»a't," returned Mr. Sbarpe. " I bought op all 
B&rt.'a dfibts geeared npon property or income ten yean ago; and 
Duke'a aolicibors had token good care of him. They war* a slirowC fjtf 
firm— Meesn. Dcodand and Mortmab. The Duke atill employ* than in 
eonTeyaneiog ; and thoy had eeonrod to blm by a dc«d of 
nearly the whole revcnno of this teetory." 



A Hbcrdit. 

The Cnrato took loavo of Ur. Sliupe on tho mutual ondenlaadinft thaftao 
more would bo beard of ilie wnmtit against William Brown, and 11ms 
ho set off for a long walk into a nci^fabooring parish, where his brother, 
curate was siek, in order to armogo some moans by which be eooU 
form double duty on the fnlluwiiig Sunday without sli^t or iojMiy tu I 
own coagregntioo. 

As bo walked bia mmd was rathor bent npou SMoIar than eoslecbstit 
matters. In tho Qrst place he eould not cooceire of the idea that 



OtM shoold serioQBly denra to iiguro sacli bumblo people as \hti Brown 
hmilj, yet ha hftd qnite lEnowIedf^e of tho world pQongh to tmdenta&d 
that a pmcUcal Locdoo solicitor Ukc Ur. Shatixi wouU not bo disposed 
to give him sncli a Wkruiog wilbout eufficicnl reuses, nod aa be loved 
Ibo bo; iriUi &1I tha jroamiog afibction of a ekildlcss and loaety m&n, this 
waniiiig mode bim very unea^. He resolved to speak to Tbomu Brown 
hioiseU about it, and take coousel n-itb tbnt uorlh couuti^inau who was 
cumj, though so sito&t ; and notwitlistanding th« fact that he had never 
tnuted himself s]odo in Modgo's proBooce sineo tboy parted that winter's 
«T«Diog io the Glebe meadows, ;«( be thought be would speak to her 
BOW, and in^oiro if shs kneir or could gncss at anjifaisg vhieh would 
throw a Uijfat on this mystery. 

Be was walkiug on absorbed in Iheu tfaoimjit* when bis atteoLion was 
tttneted bj a ttU handsomo man in tho military aniform of a crack 
earalry rc^ment. Ho bad etreamorB of gayly- coloured ribboos in his 
fonge cap; his buttons oud spurs glitteted like btinusbod silver. Ho 
carried a gilt^faeaclod riding whip uudor his arm, and was a Teiy tine 
fellow indeed. Three louts in Bmock frocks, also with ribbons in tbeir 
hats stood near him. and one youth of a better class who eat with bta 
bead in his hanin ut the Liblu of the road-side alehouse where tliey were 
B8sembli>d. Tbeae were recruits for ber Majesty's aenriro. In order to 
obtain them, the Coitcd Kingdom wns at this period divided into districts 
in ebarg^e of rci^mitiDg officers who w^re gentlemen; but the sctiial en- 
listmenl of recruits was carried on by non-commissioned ofGcers imdcr 
Uiem. The ooosptaaoe of a ihiUing from a reomiting sergeant as an 
eomcfit of the Queen's bonnty, constituted an act of oolistment, and 
the practice of obtaining recruits ut a public house, where the non* 
conuMsaioocd officer lied and got dnmk freely for his country's good, 
Tery funeral at that time; as it seems to be still. Indeed the 
in full force was to catch bumpkins by the aid of flatteiy and 
drink ; and then to tell them what was uot true in order to prevent 
attempt upon their part to escape. The non-commiifeioued officer 
got paid BO much a bead per bompkin, and was frequently tho ozpcttoBi 
liar in his regimoat. He was well aware that thoro were eortaiu laws 
and acta of parliament against bis nieny proceedings, but be artfully cod> 
trired that they should rcmoio a dead letter, by inventing the moH mnr- 
ToUoofl QorratiTes and keeping up a wonderful halo of deception in the 
bumpkin's mind, till he found himself last Gxed iu uniform, with a sabn 
or a bayonet at bis aide. 

Ur. Mowlcdy saw at a glance what bad happened. The lad, wbo eat 
witla Lis bead bowed upon bis bands at the alehouse table, was young 

The Curate walked straight up (o bis pupil, and the daehing sei^eant, 
at once recognising bis profession by the sbiugbtly-cut btuk coat and 
white cravat which marks it so distinctly oven in Protestant conntriee, 
stood up and saluted. 


" ^^*illian1! " said tho Corate, in a voice very firm littt vm 
"It is I, Mr. Uowlody, your friend. Look up aaj tell IM v. 

Tbe boy's fitKHiIderg shook an if he were sobbiDg, aii<l bt 
bead tighter lo Lin liaadB for some ieeondn, hut wlien lie looked 
o;m wore (^mto dry, And be mel tbo CorAte's gaze atCKdilj as one 
Ii« had nothing to be aahuned of, Lhoagh bis (ac6 was ftasbod aa4 

*' What IB your regiment, sergeant ? " osked tbo Corate, in l&st 
sciona toae of oommand wliirh ail Engltoh gentlctoen attopt toward* 
inferiora in social mok ; a tone which beloogB to a p«opTe wboM BoUa' 
are stiU powerfal, a tone which is pcrhape oatanl to all ooniianxog nam. 

" The Ifit L&ncon, sir," Answered lUo sergeant, salnluij; again &w 
bahit, and inatinctivaly ohejiog Uie uneipressed order tho geotltfauiebt! 
addniRsed to him. 

" I am glad to bear it," replied the Camte, " nod please to roDtidM 
that I knonr jonr colonel, and tliat joa vrill have to An«wer to nu for ttii I 
recrnit. Yon uie. awnre tbnt ho cannot be ntttrntod boforc a ma, 
twenty-foQr hoars have elapsed from his enlistment." 

" Qoite ftv&re of it, sir," replied th« wrgoaot civilly, mnd be 

" Your bead quarters are, I snppose, at Pronington f" eontiaaed ttl 
Ciirato, interrof^tinf; the seigeant as if ho had been his commaodiDg ofinr. 

" Yes, sir," answered the Bet^geant, standing as straight as a dart is !&• 
attitude of attooUoQ. 

" Thank joa," said tbe Cnrato; then turning to young BrowB. bt 
afibetlonately, " William, I sbiUl see you again tonighL" 


&0 Br It. 

A raw weeks before Mr. Movledy would bare been deeply and 
mancntly grioTod to see the bright lad bo bad edacaled sink into a eoatDfio 
soldier. Even now be was sorpriaed and sbockod, perhaps also a fittle 
displeased, thongh tbe Corste wu a patriot, and in on inrasJoa or in uj 
Lime of publio trouble, wonlil bare shewn himself a worthy membor of tbe 
church militant. But at the period at which Ibis story has now anivwd 
there existed an opinion among most reHpectablo Engtitih pertons tbaft a 
military life was little better than penal serritudc. In truth though dSmsi 
ID the army hare always made a biesppearance at cooaty baOs. Ihe bade 
of aoldiering has never been very popolar amongst us eteept whsa tha tacts 
of Napoleon Bonaparte were pitched wiUun sight of the British roast al 
Boalogne. John Boll ia not on imaginative old genllemaa. It ii do use 
telling him of a poitible ot pTobt&iVa Aan^et ', Via Vueu^ «i xi uuffil; or 



eoDt^mptaoaoly, a«cordin{; to bis hnmoor. Bat he nndcnUitdB peril 
vhen it is elofie to him, and he can see ancl feel it. Only ihow him a 
band of robbers aetaally comiug to look after bis strong box, and at once 
agios to f<Ml a might; respect for its dcfen^era. At olh«r times be ii 
ffbr peace, ratreDchment, and universal philanthropy ; so he chUb his 
soldiers mau-batflbere, and sneers with a vise far-sighted prndenee k( 
tlMir drill and aeooatremeolR. He even goes so tar as to saj that they 
KM dnmos who eat np the prodaco of other men's tnhoTir. Wonderfnl 
elderly perBon. oar mntaol friend John, when bo gives as a piece of his 
mind, and wo are able to ootioe at our leisure that it is suob a rery dif- 
foront piece to that which he gave as yesterday. 

Mr. Howlcdy bad a full slmro of the prcjadiccs beloDgiog to the 
geoentioo and society in wbicb he lired. Ue tfaoaglit it a foolixh thing 
for * yotmg man of elear head and Rood eharActer to enlist as a soldior; 
and tmeonseiooBly following a peeaUariy EngUsh mode of reasoning he 
oonuidered it not only »oeiai dogradaticni for a vilkge innkeeper's son to 
become a British warrior, bub also he was of opinion that to timreb about 
a barrack yard in goose step was the husiooBS of n boman gander, simply 
hfleanse than was neither money nor credit to be got out of it. 

CtreaautanceB, however, proverbially alter cases. William Brown, a 
gaiety weU-eondaeted lad, reading, writing, cyphering, and doing his doty 
in an nnobtnuive way, with prosperity in proepeet, was a very different 
person to William Brown the companion of donbtfol anociates, and with 
a warrant ont agabst him for poaching. Mr. Uowledy did not tbink that 
hie friend was guilty on this count, nor wna he; etiU it is an awkward 
thing to fall under suspicion, and a JuRtico of the Fence with a proper 
respect for the Oame Lawn would not weigh too nicely the rjucetion whether 
ho was innocent or culpable, but would commit him to prison as a whole- 
some warning to the country round. It woe a critic^il period in Ute bo;'fl 
life : be had been eroased in lore; he might do sometlung foolish in dca- 
poration or recklossneES, and drift on from bad to woi-se. Upon the wbolo 
therefore, it would not be n bad tiling if he wati put tor n few )-oani nuder 
strict disciplmo. Ko harm was likely to happen to him tbet way, and 
moeh good. Moreover, Colonel Oakes, one of the best soldiors and 
genUemen who ever sat in a cavalry saddle, commanded the l«t Lnneere, 
and Colonel Oakes was an oM BcboolfoUow of Mr. Howtcdy. The Curate 
knew that a few lines to him would secure tho boy a good reception In 
the regiment, and a friend at head •quarters, advantages wbicli^be would 
veiy likely turn to saLisfaetory acconnt, and — who eonld tell — perhaps 
things after all had tamed out for the best, as the^commonly do if we 
poi a smiUsg &ce on them. 

Bo Mr. Mowledy having settled matters satisfactorily with bis colleagne 
in tho next parish, walked rapidly back to|, Wakefield with^ those long 
sliding strides which cover so much ground and which ore, I think, 
peonlior to the elerieal profession. 

Hs broke the news with instinctive delicacy to Madge, and imt down 

266 ^^^^^^^BDHO BBOWH. 

to talh with her for tho first time daring sorentoen long yfn- &> 
hoBbind vraa oat doing BOme £el*l work, aa<i tho CanU« fnnd Hamt 
alone with that old onspokeQ lovfl, notr purified from all thftt «u finttj 
in it, fitill bus^ at hii heart. She faeud his tidings silctitlj, utd oaa iaf 
tear stole dowo Lur pAle choeh, and dropped furtiTely upon her work, bd 
gbd offarod no opposition to hor son's condaot ; And the Caxmt«, ^a kii 
tluit fioo Bensa of obsenratiun which arises IVom Calholie irnopsttfvtt 
all that in host in the human howrt, soon dutcerued tbnt ahe waa pmd«^ 
tho manl; resolotion hor bo; had taken. All woaum havo a strflAgi{u 
of romanea In ihcm ; aod a natoral admiration for conragc and adfMtStrt; 
thoy havo never qaito takcu the commercial new of eoldiertDg ; and Hit. 
Brown sMroUv thought it was a right and appropriate endin- t.* j, dinf- 
potnted love affair. She woDld williugly hare killed the 1/ ■: ^ 

hod a gpiterol viudioUve foeliog against Sarah Jinks, whj izl^u:. At 
belieTod, hare managed her alliaira more cleTerly and kepi ihuu eol <A 
sight, but as the thing was done and OTcr, she conU not bear to see W 
son ^o about so dirjectod and woobegone. Sh« would be 0mi to knot U 
vore a red coat and wm winning hearts oIa»wb«re. Bbe wonid Ceel » 
ftercfl joy in being able to say to tho blacksmith, when noxt ha s«iit am 
for her aou to help him shoe a light-heoled hdrsu, that bo waii gaaa fva 
soldier, and if the blacksmith wanted him now he must ask the Qomb hn- 
self for him ; and that he shonld bare thought of Ibis before, and to poet 
upou tho cloms}' shamefaoed fellow, wbuso rough kindly naiare ihe kac* 
she could wound so ea&ily, a deluge of feminine iaTeclives, a phial ftiU dflb 
very Titriol of that condensed wrath which bams into the fleak witinat 
noise or ciplo»ion. 

When Tom Browo, her hasbaud was informed of wh^t faftd han«Mdk 
he did not like it at all. The hay had to be stAcVed, th« potetoe* to W 
dag, the fruit in Iho garden to be gathered and etorcd. William was 
right-hand man, and he did tiol see at first how to get ou in the afaatOM 
tlio strong willing arms which bad cercr setanod to w^un- in thm 
till lately. It a titiuiige, but uevertheleHB it is quite true to add also 
he, Tom Bruwn, the father of this seren mouths' child, oonid oot gsl 
of the fancy that he was a discharged servant, and he woe priratalT 
bentuTf) that be must hare dune Romtthing wrong or disraspofltfti] towa^Af 
his son or the boy would not linre gooe away from him. 

Tho flaxen-beaded cherry-cheeked lads and lasses who mod* op the 
reel of tbo Brown family likewise reeeired the iatoUigfUca of this tfttt 
after their own fashion, and vet up a prolonged howl as bood aa the o- 
fonnaUon reached them ; bat dried their eyes and hushed thair wBilicifl 
when a goooral diitribution of gooseberry jam was mada to eonfori then 
by Uiiiir uioLhor. Jwk, bowerer, a slordy heavy breeebi-d boy of twslTa, 
sidlod surlily up to bis mother and plnckud her by the apron stealthily. 
She ffluoped down to bmr his ehihUah secret, and the boy blQbbar«d in a 
viUIkpLT half chukcd by emolioo, ** 01 wouta (nr tabbee a s^ier tvw vi 
ower Willie." 





Tub Ten Poukd Notb. 

Kbxt moraiag Urs. Brown was very haaj np-stAirs pnituig b«r eon's 
thiiiga ia on1«r, lutd e^tting thorn read; to send &ft«r liim to the doput of 
his rft^ment, wbitbor Iba Ciirftt<> had promised to convey tb«m as soon aa 
Ui«y worct packod. There vaa a good deal to do for bim, bojs wear oat 
their clothes so fast, and the thrifty woman pat aside every thing that 
wonted mending, and everything tbAt he might have oaigrovc, only 
ehoDBing the finest and best of his shirts and slockingB, that ho might not 
b« di^raoed among his oomradcif, bat malie as creditable a figure as the 
rest of them. When did it ev^r happen that onr womenluDd were not 
more thougbtfal for us than wo aro for onrsolros ? ITaring done nil Ibnt 
was to be done, and packed her boy's box vrilb a neatness to which <iuly 
female hands can Attain, the mother unlocked her oira private drawer and 
took ont the ton poand note which hod been pressed into ber hands by 
the stranger hautsman iu return for the rose she had given bim, as ho 
M-AS aboat to leave her for ever. The dried leaves of the poor dead 
flower, which had been wrapped in it so long, bad left a stain upon it, 
and obliteratod some of the marks on it, and it was htit a soilod and 
crumpled piece of paper ; bnt «he knew its value now. She coasdered that 
this money belonged in a peculiar way to har son 'William, and as he was now 
going out into the world she was determined that n part of it Bbonld be spout 
in the porebase of such neeessaries as he wanted, and that she woald send 
the remainder to him with a 1oii::g message by their stedfast fricad the 
Coraio. Kra. Brown, boffovor, did not well know how to nccoant to her 
faosband or her oeighboan for the poasossioa of this ten poond note. 
She conld not gel it changed al Wakefield, and if she litemptod to 
ehango it nt Droiungton she would nercr hear the lost of it. So she 
sproad the ton poond noto before her, and an onattercd prayer was 
probably in her mind an she sat down to think the matter ouL She 
looked rery serions, as we nil do when alone, while aho patiently 
rerolvcd the aabjoct in her mind for an hoax or more. Ton ponnda 
appeared to her so large a som that she »as afraid to ^nd it intnct lest it 
shonld lead hor son into temptation, or perhaps get bim into tronble. 
What explanation eonld she give to him as to the manner in which she 
bad obtained »o mach mooey ? She did not like to tell the tmth, for 
reuoDB obvioos enongb. Hor husband bad never got over bis feeling of 
aTsreion to that Htranger who had come and gone in a few boors, and eho 
WOK uneasy at the thought of mentioning his name to her son. There was 
only one way ont of this embamusmenl, and that was to go to London, and 
ihero, if all eho had been told of tbo great city were true, phe oiigbt ebango 
the t«o pound not« uuobnerved, and buy the few thmgi: ehe wanted much 
ebaaper and better than at Pronington. She had been very much excited by 


rS68 *TOTOa brotto. 

b«r son's dop&rioro : it was the ucly notewortbj eveni -which bad btfftsai 
io bor life sineo bcr m&rriftge, aod the mer« idea of rapid motioo aad cbao^ 
of BMDO vTRs a relief to her. She had beeo told that akt migbt g» tp 
London in two hoon and retnrn in the Bame time, that wodU he te. 
II wonld Lako bnr an hour to walk to the Qoaroit statioa, and sxi boor M 
walk bock. She would want on honr in Jjoodon to ehango her bask vM 
and make bar porobaaes. That wnnU 1>o jnst eernD bonra ia all, aad At 
oonnted them anxioiul; on her fingers. Well, that would be from fibi 
o'clock to the moniiug Lilt four in the afternoon, uad her hafiband «ii 
going to market with Farmer TTigginbottoro to sell bia calf oo Fodij. 
which was market day at CronrngtoD. To-morrDW waa ftidav, cad 1^ 
morrow she conld go to London onpercsiTcd while be waa awmy, aod W 
back before be returned ; for fanner nigginboltom was a tlilretr and e«- 
rivial soul, who noror stirred from the Nag's Head tsp-Toora sA* 
biuiness was over, till ho had only jast time lc(\ to savo the daylight, ni 
drive home before it was qnito dark. Mrs. Urowo therefore caWfihtri 
she could do nit »fae had to do with eereral bom% to spnro, and sbafccfB 
io prepare for her journey hy putting such things ea would be omM 
dnring her absence within easy reach of ber eldest daughter, a aolMB 
blae-eyed matronly little boily of foarloen years old, who was qails 
capable of giving her brothers and sisters a dinner of cold meat and birt 
potatoes witbont help from anybody. 

Then she ehowcd a very feminine quality. Hanng mada op btf 
mind to deceive her bosband and family respeetbg her moToiiMBli <■ 
the following day, she was mmfmally kinil to tlicm alt, as If ahawfn 
nndcr the noeessity of making them somo amends for what abo waa abMd 
to do, tboagh they would never know of it, and therefore could haw at 
eaose to griero. She was nnnsnally Irank nnd npt^a that aflemooo, lad 
had none of those hannteea little family govi^mmcDt aocnts wQh faff 
dnnghter abont nothing, which make np the bonsohold life of wodmb. 
Da the contrary, she Tolant^ered to say that she shottld go over to the 
old Manor Hoose and drink tea with the hoasekoeper left in chargB of ii 
because the boasekecper had become lame and eoold oot gel abont, ttd 
beeaoM the honsckeeper bad some good laying hens, wlticb perhapt lihe 
would exebange now she could not took after tbem for soaeLbiiig man 
useful to bor ; and beeause she herself wonld like a lilUe ehanga ud • 
goseip with ber ueigbbour this fine weather, and wanted the houaeltMpar. 
who was a DoroDBbiro woman, to tell her bow to clot eream, which alw 
bad hoard was a good thing with stewed plnms aud sugar for the chasL 
Mrs. Brown had no end of reasons for doing that which abe did not 
intend to do at all, and told them with a quaint and haar^ good bmBosr 
which looked lik« a demore revolt against her doraesUe datias, and a pdm 
appeal for liberty. Her eldest daughter rallied her slyly on her new-ldni 
fimey for gadding : and Tom Brown smiled, well pteasod, behind his pipe, 
to aae her bear the torn of ber farourite son so braTaly. She made ndi 
a soft serene air around hut ixt the inn Vii^etieu UuA. a^amtoM afi«toiMa that 





tiio place and ita imnatos were traoBfigared by it ; and jears aftermrds 
thej- all romembered it as one of those Bopramoly happy days which 
■land ont of onr lived, nnd seem lit np hj oonw stray ray* o( a light 
I vhich sbbes from Heavea. 

Taken iirro Custody. 

So Mrs. Brown went to tioodou and arrived in dae coarse at tho Pad- 
dington Station, hartng contrivfld io escape observntioo and onqniiy so 
&r. She vaa dressed in a oloan cotton gown of a pretty pattern in fast 
eoloors which washed well, aod bad on, moreover, a loog cloak and a 
neatly plaited cap, white as snow, and a coal>«cattle bonnet. She carried 
a la^o giDgbam nmbrelln in one bond, and a while markot-boskct with 
wide fiape in the other, ready for hor porcbases. She looked a bomety 
decent body, and soon fonnd hersoK in the Edgware Road, qnito dazed 
hj the roar and bnatia of tho trmffio» which poured through it with aeoase- 
bsa and deafemng sotmd. She did not think London a very largo plaoc, 
for she had seen that ib comprised nothing bnt the F.dgwore RoAd and 
ttu streeta adjacent. She ootieed that it tenninaled in an archway, and 
wliai ^rpeored to be a oommon at one end of this Edgware Itoad, and a 
mean open spuco oX the other, for Bayswater, Ktlbnm, and llie neigh- 
boaring suburbs were then onboill. She was, however, amazed and 
delighted at tho beauty, variety, and splendour of the shops. If she had 
had any money of her own, sh« woold bare ventured on one of those snr- 
prisingly cheap and lovely dreems she saw for her oldent daughter, or at 
least opoD a ribbon. In any cose, she would remember some of the 
patterns which she admired, and lioth she and her daughter were bandy 
with their needles. She stood looking intently at one shop window where 
a ready-made gown was exposed upon a wire model, which set it ot[ to 
tantalising advantage, when one of the galUnt nhopmen, scenting a cus- 
tomer, eame out and entered into conversation with her. 

" Walk bin mum," said this Edgware Road Knight of tho Yard-stick, 
who was a pushing young man, anxions for business. " We're sellink 
borf at ban halannink sacrifice. Toadies diesaes in that stylo mum, 
laist Parisa Fashings, nine and nine mom, well say nine shillinks to 
you, mnm," urged the pushing young shopkeeper, who spoke through bis 

" Ol boint a oome for tew boy a gownd, zur. I do want znm wooU'n 
Koeks fur my son zur, nought bnt that," nnewercd Mrs. Brown, Mashing 
modestly, for the pnnbing young man was beoomiag a Uttle too demon- 
strativo in his attontlone. 

" Sooks, mum. Step bin, mnm. Stout men's, one and nine, is that 
yonr figgur, mumt Beat stock of woollink goods bin the trade, mum. 
Walk bin. mam." 




And Ura. Brown Trailed in. 

She was a very fair jadge of the tbiogs she hmd eoau then to 
and sooD perceivad Uitit, alUioDgh the pnshiog joasg num m^t 
the 1)081 stock of irooHcn gr>ods 'm the trade, be waa rery waiy of i 
Uiem, for tbo80 offered fur ber inspection were slop-made tbiog 
cotton, whioh wontd come all Lo pieces the fijrvt time Utey were 
6bo did not know bow to get awnjr vilbool bayhij; sometbisg, 
would bare left the shop as &oon se she saw ahe could, not find what At 
wanted there. But the shopkoeper and his aAsiat&ate, and his 
Indies with their iissistonts hemmed hor in, and she eoold not escape ftMJ 
th«m. At I««t, hot, badgered, worried, and half ashamed of berwif, y^] 
having a woman's rooted avdraion to part with hor moDer witboot iU 
wortfa, Bbe asked for a ball of cotton and a paper nf needles to oMnd br^ 
bojs' things, thinking discreetly that she could not be ebeatedof^ 
much in that bargajo. Ooe of the yoaug ladies, and her numi 
asnstant, pat np the noddies and cotton in pink paper, and with a nmniir 
BO augaai and oondo&ecudiug that Mrs. Itrown (aa manj a dnebesiby 
been before her) felt {wsitivel^ fluttered b; it. Tbon slie took oat btf 
ten ponnd note and offoied it in payment for joat sixpenoe haifpeno;. 

" Caasfa I " sneered the joong ladj. 

" Eiiah I " echoed her asaislunt. 

" Oasb," Boid the cashier lowor down, " Six and half, ton poai 
said tbo ^'oong ladies' ossietanl, gobg to the easluer's desk with' 
biwk note. 

The cashier turned ths bank note about, looked tbroUfih it, held il op> 
Btdo down, felt it botwoon his finger and thumb, and finally tasted it. 

Now llie ruco ofcafchiera are pretty conTersaot with the £aet that ia 
nine C1IK.4 out of ten bonk-notcB are paid into the Bank of £l^{laDd 
within HomeUiiug like tUreu months of their issao; and this note of Mn. 
Uniwu's n-EB eigbt«eo years oMl Seeidw, from having been kept in a 
damp place, or frooi baring been dropped or mbbed against ■onsthii^ 
during its long aojoum at tbe Cboqner's Tnn, it had aequirvd a bnnmtifa 
black etaiu, which etain bad fallen precisely on Iho nniubar of the 
sroadging two of tlie figures, and rendering then ille^ble. So' 
Cashier baring tasted the nolo once, tasted it again, as if aU the wisduB' 
of bis craft bad settled on hie tongne. 

Tbo pushing yonng man obaerring these proceedings, walked down 
Uie shop, eyed the Oashicr throngb tbe bars of his pnlpit-desk, and wti^ 
pered, " Is it a planl, Mr. Codger ? Note a flash 'an ? " 

'■ Woll» I'm not haxaely sure it's a fiasb *nn," said Mr, CoAgm, hold- 
ing the note op to the Ught again ; " only, yer see, It's prelty aigh hateca 
years after date, an' that's a goodisb time for a note to bo onl el ihs 
tank. Who tendered it?" 

" Suspieioos female, got op like a spcctabol farmer's wife." anaverfd 
tbe poshing young man, foUowiog tbo oole in the exporun^nUd teals la 
viidoh tbe wary Mr. Codger kept on subjectine it. "33MH]|[ht than 



was sometbmk qaoor aLout her ren she fast oune hin. Wbat'a to be 
done ? " 

"Mr. Codger stood op on the lowest bar of lits hi^ stool, and glanced 
donn the shop to wheic Mrs. Brown's long oloak and coal-acaLtIc bonnet 
voro ftbaorbiDg the contetnplfttious of the tiro yooi^ counter Indies atlirod 
in silk gowns, and eogagf>d with reels of sarsnet. " Stop here," ho sud 
to the pushing yotutg man, and going op to the easpicioos costomer, ho 
Hkid, looking at her fixedlj, " This Is n reiv oIJ note, mam," 

" Be it, Kor," replied Mrs. Brown, who, iguoring what constituted old 
ago In n bank-noto, was pazzlvd by the obsorvation, and reddened. 

' ' Wonld you 'are any objockahuos to giro me yont name and addrosg, 
mnm, and Ui writo 'em at the bnck of this note ? " proeeodod 2Ir. Codger, 
who whipped a verjr sharp stool pen irom behind his ear, and spoke in ao 
Bcc«nt that began to freeze. 

Mni. Brown ooloored a deeper red, and as the blasbss of eonntr^wonwti 
ore strung of dye, her face resemblod a brick fresh from tho kiln, " Oi 
oan'l rite, tor/' said she, fidgeUog uocomfoit&bly ; and then growing 
sospidons in hor tarn, she added, " Whcerfbor tew should oi rile ? Qiv' 
me my money pises zur, for I wonts for to go whoum." 

Mr. Codger, mistaking s gesture she made with her baod (or an attempt 
to clotch at tho note, drew it rapidly out of hor rcaeh, and, with an im- 
pcroaptible nod towards the door, which eonroyod to a porter on daty 
there that he was not to let this castomor with the coat-scullle bonoet go 
oQt, he flofttered back to h^ desk, and gabbled to the pnahtng jonng 
man, " 'Spcotit's a plant. She looks a mm 'on. If the note ain't bad, 
it's most Likoly been stole, and they're made beffbrts to play tricks with 
the nnmber, and ain't snceoeded. Take it to Mr. Slopgood," saying 
wliioh be banded the nulo tu the pushing yoong man, wht> betook hiniBctf 
witti it direct to one best kuown to him as " the Ooremor," who was 
reading a newspaper in a parlour sunetiflod by tho word Pritate pointed 
in block on Uia gronnd-glaHS door. 

Jtlr. Slopgood was the senior partner in the firm Slopgood and Film- 
say, who had the honour of trimming half the caps in the Kdgware Bead 
with ribbrins of an inforior (jaolity. Knowing much about sham wares, 
thanks to the entorprislng sole of which during a t^uurter of a eentaiy, 
he was justified to of being a sclf-made man, Mr. Slopgood was 
notnmlly a fair jadge of u bod note. He tasted this one as Mr. Codgur 
bad done, smelt It, and held it a foot from his nofie, the better to sorati- 
nise it through a pair of double eye-glasses, rimmed with tortoisoshell. 
Then with an ompliatio nod, and deliberate ezpFession, liko that of a 
judge under a wig, he pronoonced tlie note to be either a forged or a 
stolen one, " 'pon his honour,"— which, by tfae by, was a small stake 

The upHhot uf this was that Mrs. Brown was roquoated to step into 
the parlour and receive bar ehoDge, and after a minute's prefatory cato- 
olusing by Mr. Slopgood, was coufhtntod with a policeman, who had boon 


Iieekooed, and ushered in throogb the piirata ootnuice. ThU ([Dixfin 
q{ tlio p«ftee f:iit«red with his shioj-roofcd hat in faia hand — the jntmi 
tastefol behnct bafiog not yot beoD inventtd — and he Bpoctiuphisad Xa 
Brown roundly with, *' Now Ihon, old Mj, wlmt'e ftll this ^ abutilt" 

Be would not hftvo said " old lodj," bod Mrs. Brown's booaet lai 
dnak bo«n of Edgwaro Head instead of country make ; norwosU bcfaftsi 
looked at her over his (;luod stock aa if be n1ren<Ir took her gnOl far 
granted. Bat vhcn this itrangolr rustic enstomer backed into a eanv 
of the parloor, gloriog at Mr. Slopgood, the poshing yonng man sod tb* 
policeman, with ejea distended to twice their size, there was a moiTaiiat 
of retreat on the part of Mr. Slopgood and the pasfalog yotmg mm, via 
folt as if there vere misohiof brewing. 

" Qiv' me mv monej," faltered Madge, who tinderstood nolbhif d 
the suspicions she hsd aroused, and fancied she had fallen intA a tnp att 
to Tob bor ; " oi wants for to go wboam — ^yon xnr, with tbo pools M* 
tons, tell 'cm to giv' mo my ebange that oi be waiting for." This wash) 
the policeman ; for the Oonnt; Ocnstabnlazies not being organised tlun 
as tboT are now, Madge hod novcr seen a policeman in nni&tnn, aad Iki 
pewter-botloos only coDveyod to her fiomolhing of a military notion, md 
coDseciaeiitly of protection. 

*' Come, don't bo obstropoloas," said the polieemna, conciHitBi^. 
" Wo none of as want to do you 'arm. AH as yoa're got to do is to Ui 
us 'ow yoa became possessed of this 'ere noto which thifi gemm'ira, Sir. 
Slopgood, 'as reason to hclierc is stolon property. If yon be a AoaMt 
'oomon, yoa can tell us who gav* it sorelif, and yoa'tl {^to ob jwu on 
Dftmo and haddrees too, which there ain't no reason to be edeard 00 if *> 
crimes 'oa been oommiUed." 

" I'm a hoQost woman," hoarsely replied Madge, whose hanrt ImstsI 
aod whose nostrils dilated. Kbo called for her money again, aognlj, passiaB' 
nlcly, and barred the door through which the poUceman had come, ntk 
her body, hei basket, and her umbrella, as if for fear ho shonJd go est 
withoat seeing jnstice done her. Bot, perceiving that the polieemu bad 
taken the note from Mr. Slopgood and was examining it, oho uade a 
BoddoD dart to snatch it from him. 

"Yah I would T«r now I " cried that official, bringing his gloved Cst 
down on ber hand with a hard thod. " Coms, oomo, none o' IhaL" 

" Keep tba pease, pleeceman, keep the pease," ehomsMd Mr. Blsf- 
good and the puBhii^ yonng man, who were both half oat«ido the dMT 
marked " Private " by this time, and some other pnshiBg yoong msn ad 
some pusbing yonng ladies, attracted by the noise, seampersd np. and 
made a cnrions bftckgroond of pushing faces behind Mr. Htopgood. 

I'he policeman, appealed to bj a respootablo tradesmen to keep lbs' 
pence, and feeling angered on his own aeeoont at tbo grab made abull 
sooeessfdlly at the bank-note, took oat from hb bhu pockets ■ pair of 
bandeoGb, and damaily endesronred to seise Madge by lbs wrists. She 
wrenobed the instnimettta awaj from him. in an instant, and pot fasr back 




•galnet the wall, ijTUTQrmg in every limli with ngo and Bhame. This was 
I'he fint tiin« in h«r wbot« lir<u tbut any mnn had laid an asaaultiug hand 
on ha, aod sho stood at bnj tike a Trild eat, too o^tatod and pale to 
[unam, or do aught bat foam at the lipa and glare. And now foUowod a 
tony Kflno. Folicemim X. 1000 was an honeet fellow, bat a dogged. 
Stong at tho resistAnce offered bj this woman, and feeling moreorer that 
the pabtio eye was npon him in tho penons of Messrs. Slopgood and Co., 
b« itrodo d«t«rminedl7 towoida Madge, caaght one of ber arms as io 
a TJec, and whiflkcd her Hj^bt ronod in such a way as almost to wrench 
her shonlder oat of ita socket. But ho bad no f«eble woman from Tybani 
klams to doal with. Qoick and itlxong as ooontiy blood, Madge tamed 
with her opliftod list and strnek her pcrsoentor full on tho hce with the 
bandonffs. The blow broaght a great spirt of blood from tho man's unpre- 
uoatrils, and, bliodcd by tho blow, be gasped "Help!" and tot- 
back, famblitig saragelr in his pocket for bis tnincheon. Bnt this 
omcnt was bis rain : the handeo^ foil onco, twi«o, thrice, agun on 
his opcD fa«o, erashiDg hcnyily, liko hammers on a flattened nail, so that 
the poliooman reeled, cinng at the tMv to saro himself, bnl dntj^S^ i^ 
down with him in his fall ; for it was a slight table, and boro n deeonter 
and tomblar of natter, an inkstand, a plate of biscoits, the newspaper, a 
brass boand Mger, and a yellow poster, emblazoned— 

St>oroooD, Fliusat avu Co. 

Sblliso Off at a» Atjiimino SACitiFioil 

AB these things served aa a hed to Polieeman X, and vers soon coptonsly 
iDtdnningled with bis gore. And hotc it wns retnarkable to H«e tlio 
general stampede execnted by Mr. Blopgood and the pashing yoong men, 
and the poshing yoimg ladies ; the Utter nttering distracted squeals. The 
alarming sacrifice of Mr. Slopgood's wares was as nothing compared to 
the alarm of the pnsbingyonng men as they raced down the shop, bawling 
to one another to stop " that deril of a woman." The only person who 
made a moment's stand was the porter at tho door, bat descrying a head* 
long woman bearing down in bis direction with a brandished nmbrella, 
and something wbieb his di<itnrWd mind took for pistols, ho thonght 
better of it, and vanished into the road-way, where bo set-to jelling 
"P«rii««l" as load as his longs wonld permit. In another moment 
Madge was by his side in the street, elamonring in frenzied accents that 
she had been robbed and ill-nsed. Half the houses in the Edgware Boad 
immediately emptied their tenants on to the paTement, sashes were 
thrown np aod beads eraned forth, abiqnitous boys rushed up hooting, a 
few cabs and ao omnibas reined tn and blocked ap the circalation, and 
Madga continued to fit] the air with ber waitiogfi. Bnt not for long. The 
porter, emboldened by the presence of nnmhcrs, made a valiant move to 
aseore Uadge, and roared, " There's a bin murder I " Madge did nothing 
to Mcap* him. She stopped short in her cries, staggered and dropp&d 
iensaleu in front of a hansom cab. Sho had burst o. b\<v(^-^c9aEA. 



ADhonTlalerMa^ge^ruIpngintbe aeeidenU viirdof Ui« ncamiW 
pita], and K poUcomaUi seAted io a Windsor chair, mouot«<l gaard tX lb 
door of liiat ward. Meantime the bank-ooto bneiDesa haring been mncBit^ 
oxpUined to nn Tnepcctor 1).v M'r. Slopgood — vrha farther w«s bmh( mf- 
nifiMnt in directing tiiat PuUc«niiui X. lOOO't bruised counte&aDM chonU (* 
onibroc&t«d on the pri<mises rcgardlecB of oxpossc — ft eonrtaWe vh ^ 
putebed io the Bank of England to eonsolt Uio list of notes vtoppedlBlb 
coarao of the last eighteen yean. The euturtalning Tolama whUh In* 
Ibis Uit being produced, it MOD appear«d tbat e)gb(««n yma befen, > 

10/. note, No. ^ 00012815 had been stopped, along with mom M^ 

at the reqndst of ona Jiddlednbbin, a maker of wind icfitnimenlt. Sn 

OB Madge's note was numbered » 00012S and boro two additJonalfigBm 

trhiob had been oblitented, it b«c&mo clear to the intellect of th« nimil 
policeman that the fignrefi obliterated mnat bo 45, and that 31^^ bal 
ooDHequently stolan this note eighteen yean ago, or Jelonion^ raoiM 
it, well knowing it to be stolen. 8o the charge was dnl^ eolered <a Qm 
station sbcet aa " being poBsessed of a ittolen bank-note, wilhoot b<B^ 
alfle to give a satiefaetory aooount nf tbo suae, and haiiog of laaliM pn- 
penso beaten and assaoltod Police Constable X. 1000, with inleot to d> 
him grioTons bodily barm, the aforomentioned beating boing admtnid#n4 
to tha great grief, hurt, and scandal of tbo said Poltee Constable X. lOM, 
her Majesty's well-bclored liege." It is a comfort to add that Qua iba 
vaa 6nt£red in a fine, bold band, and that the Inapootor b*Tia| ^nfd 
hia pen oa tbe enff of bia eoat, dospatohed a freab eoDstftbls io look if. 
JiddledubluQ — who made the wind instmmenta— to tbe end that 
Jiddlodnbbin, being triamphantfy reitored to the poaaMwion of bis|ra'^ 
porty, might learu that tha poUoe of hia ooaatry aeither afaunba. 
sleep, and bless the land where bo was bom. 

BOOK in. 


A Fa»iiio»abi.b Weddiso. 

So Madge lay in the ward of a lioapilal, and on tba charge aboel vt < 
police-station. But whilst doctors and nuraes are nwtoinng b«r to 
sciooaDeaa in order that she mi^ bo in a fit stata of body to bee 
aeiRiBalioD of having robbed Mr. JiUdlmhibbin, let as rsrert to tbo iwH*^ 
man who was tbe primary oaoso of all this — ibo stranger who iBa4# V^z 
brief appeotmace at the Cbeqaers Inn that rainy night eigbtMo yean ago, 
and Taoia^ like a shooting-star. 

On tha same day and at the same honr — eneh thinfli will hBpp«-> 
Ihnt Madge was marriod to Tbomai Brom, oeUer^ in Um paxiah thvnk of 




ITakflficId'in-tba-Marsli, a Tory different sort of marmg« eeromonj ttiu 
perfonofld in honion. His Qnuro Lbo Duka of Coartbop« and Bavnl was 
QntUd, or ia the more r«gp««tful oew^par lAoguige of tfae day, hia QrooQ 
led to Uio kfmeiwnl altar tho Lad; Helena Pomoca Cardtrell, daogbter 
aod eolo heiress of tho eelcbratod and Higbt Houoarable Bir Job Borongfai 
'NVbtlworth Placard Canlwell, UorqniB of NewcotobQ aod Euigbt of St. 
iFatricli. Bis Grace tho Archbishop of Caikt«rbnry politdy abfloU&d tbo 
iDOblt! Do](o from Ibo neeeesity of repairing with his illiutrioiu eoosort to 
A cold, damp charcli apoo a wiater'B momiiig, and grantod n apoolal 
I lieoDM ondor his high dispensing aigoaturo oi Lord Primate of tho realm. 
' By Tirlno of this courtly and graceful document tho Right Barerond Dr. 
Simooet Tvtli», Bishop of 6«]8ole-and-Mao. vho was descoudod from a 
family of French Hagnonots, and tho Tory Vonerablo Arcbd«aooD Cror), vho 
was dMOGoded &om bimsolf, wcro enabled to administor the saemmenl of 
natrimoDy oflor tho most approted rules of politaaeGB ; and in a warm 
and ooraforlabiti maimer at tho Duke's maniioo iu town. It was 
U imposiog boiidiDg «r(ietcd by Sir John Vonhmgh, and it stxetchod from 
one of the basioBt ports of tho Thamoa riror and blocked up Iho way to 
one of tho bnsitiBt paita of parliamentary London at Whitehall, and it 
wac properly aired and heat«d for tho marrtogo aaeramont, which a choroh 
woold hardly have been. There could bo no donbt that a Baorameni was 
admIoi«tored in this agreeable way, for although the Protestant clerj^ ^■^■^ 
a Iriok of BDoering at the sacrod pretensions of marriage, which thoy 
probably doriTod from Martin Lnthor, yet Ihg Boman Catholic Choreh 
very formally and precisely inolades matrimony among its seven sacra- 
ments. Indood, considoting that tho word sacrament is derived from tho 
Latin Sacramfnium, aud wo are atill accustomed to speak sometimes of 
" tbo marriage oath," as a sacrod Ihing. some persons are rather iiiciined 
to think that tho Protestant chnrch has dealt lightly in this matter. Morc- 
Of or, thofo was no getting oal of the fact that tho Duke of Coorthopo's 
marriage was a sacrament, for olthongh his Graco naturally iohoritcd a 
belief in tbo orthodoxy of the OBtabliahed Church of Eoglaod, yet tho most 
noble Marqnis of Xeaeomon bad hereditary and political reasons oqtiatly 
fftroog for adhering to the Choroh of Rome, and the Lady Helena Fomcma 
thorefbro naturally deeUrod herself a Papist. It was upon that accoont 
his Kmineneo Clement KyWcHtor Cardinal Archbishop of Buaou. a friend 
and ally of the family, and Monsignor Digby, an English Jesuit, bad 
looked laibor coolly on this marriage at first, and hod proposed to eonvcrt 
fho Doko as an indispensable preliminary to it. But Uiey had subso- 
qoontly become reconciled to the inevitable, nhcn Lord Newcomon, who, 
like most eacoesafal politicians, loved a compromise, assured them that 
marriad ladies gonorally have their own way, and that tho Dnko would pro* 
bibly be soon converted in the curtained and eI<K[aeut privacy of bis 
wife's apartments. Ultimately, therefore, it eamo ahont that hia Emincnee 
the Cardinal consented to show that ho could be to the full as well bred, 
where a Duke was coDconied, ta hia Qrmeo tho Lord Primate of England. 



in.—. « I 

Something wu eoarteoiuly wluEp«r€d aboat the eztr«nMJj d^sriil 
of the Ijfuly Helena, vbo could alt4md threo balls and duMa B^ itm 
eTei7Digbt of tbo fleason vitlioat UKcmTenieDoo ; and Um nsilirff* 
cleMMtiail dtgmtariei) of both pemuioiM in their TobM of haum A 
Bevel Honse that day vae eilremeljr edifying. 

The Arebbishop of Rouen came ovor firom fVuioe to fttteztd Un m»- 
moDT, and be and his Catiiolie clergy appeared to the moat Bdvaala^, ir 
a mere prim nproo and idlk stockings, hunovar arilatteaJljr made Id Cq% 
tbe roQoded ealf of a weU-tnrned leg, or the plamp majestj of « [nitta'i 
proportions b«low the chest, look Deilhor ao dignified or pietorei^ii 
tbe floTtng robes, the pricelods lace, the bandmme crass and atgael raf 
vUiob garo pomp and splendoiu- to ibe eommaudiDg preaenea of An*- 
bishop Clomect, Uie most famoas ontorand theologian^ of the 

There was almost regal etale nl Revel House that day, when the i 
and BocinI interests of tbe two great names of Conrtbope and Kl 
whose partizanfi diviilcd the Viogdem, verc blended intA one. There m 
not a genUeman of either familj- vbo did not feel that his efaaaoi d 
winning fame and distinction in tbe pablio aerrice were streDgthmd ij 
that ftlllftRco. The earrtagc!) which bore tbe wedding gneata to braaUHl, 
stretched in an tinbrohen lino from Whitehall to Piccadilly; and tt* 
was not n single person ia any one of them, from tbe Tel«raa party hmki 
to the bridennnids' sisters in Uie fourth or fifth year of their teens, asd Ik 
dftRbing, high-spirited jonng comets and elerlcs— who had not aaBaOiiai 
to hope or to fear from the Duke or Uio Marqaii. 

Lord VcwcomcD had been in tbe Ministry from lima immemoral. B* 

was a very clever nobleman, stout, good natnrod, of an eMcj t«B»par. 1W 

Court liked him because he realty would do anything he eonld to plcHf ■ 

prince or prinecss, and liked to plonse tlmm better tbiui he liked to piewa 

other people. His eolleagnes approred him beeatue be was not nei^ ir 

rabloiomo. Ho lot them take as much famo and eonrame u moehMa 

I'Aeqaence as they pleased, so that they left him tbe sntuitaatiai hsnsUll <f 

loffice — a crown lease noir and then, a lord wardensbip for bim*etl,aDi 

robtmsiTe sineoare for a ftiond or a retatire. In ntium he gave 

dinnen for the party, kept open the pleasanteet boose io town, and 

always ready to pot the peers in a good bamonr by a Caw amtuing 

dinner stories. His Lordship was indeed as ioTolnabU man to his 

[for he bad no political nptnions, and hud nerer professed any. B« was 

pledged to no course of action npon any sahjeet; and be was popelai 

among the people beeaose bo was tbo moet a&ablo and miaffiHtsd of imb ; 

a atonl hearty-looking gentleman with full red eheekt, blue eyoe, and sfaeit 

sand-eolonred whiskers. Personal appt-aranoe has a great deal to do whb 

popolarity, and nobody oonU aay that the Harquls was a fop or a ilnm. 

Ho looked like a thriringcbeoitemoii^'f'r, iin<l bis graadfother had •etoal); 

been In that profitable bianefa of trade, till at Ibe elose of omoflkl 

loDgnt Uwniits on record «\<m. Tot an Ix^&h inhftntanee, it bad nltoly 



ftppurad that none of tha elainunU who hftd beoD cootooduig for th« 
property bad aiiTtliiiig to do with it, and that the rightfol heir was Lord 
Keweomen'a gnuidfather, old Jiin McMmrough or Boroiigli, who kept ft 
■bop in Sligo. Jim dnnk himself to death with joy ; bat, of ooarse, his 
soocMSor changed the family came io aocordaaco with i(a ancient spellicg 
■od ugnificanM, u nnetioDed by Sir Bernard Borlco, and bloomed oat as 
a loU Sedgjbi. ambaaaador. His mn, tho prosont Mortjnis, had been 
dandled into slat«sniacship on the knees of dachviiSQS acd prinoeBsee of 
the blood. Be had ridden eock-horso on the walking sticks of kings and 
enperora. His fittber had tanicd opportooity to good account; bo had 
inerenaed th« family property, paid ell' inurlgagee with the proceeds of early 
I iofcmatioD, and purchased so mnch parli&menLary inflnence in tmsni- 
peotod plaeofl, that ho coold pall an incrodibla number of political 
cbock-etrings wttboat s^pareally moriog foot or finger. The present 
marqtiia had stepped into this agreeable position at about fire and twenfy 
years old. He had married a charming Froseb wife, and notwitbsLanding 
bis bluff BritiBh aspect, he really looked upon the affairs of thia world 
very mnch from a Pariifian point of riow. He Uagbed at men and 
columns, while ho nsed and enjoyed them. 

No wonder then that all the world of woolth and Cashion were ready to 
come at bis call, and Ibat tbvir promptitude was in no way diminished by 
tho oppoitunity which arose on tho prosent occasion of paying court to 
tbo rich powerful placeman and an anthentio duke at the same time. 
Uis (}rac«, bad he been eonsnlbed. wonld hare liked to manage the thing 
more quietly, but the French Marchioness would not bear of it being done 
in a corner, and Lord Noweomcn tbooght if it was dfOM at all, it ^ould 
be done well. His wife bad made the match, being fasciaatod by the 
Duke'a title, which was bifitorical and familiar to b&r ia niauy charming 
French norels. Lord Newcomeu thought that as bis daugbkr must be 
married to aomebody, she might as well be Dnchess of Conrthope and 
Bevel as oot He was rather staggered at the business arnugemeDts 
nggested by Messrs. Mortmain and Feoff to bis solicitors, Heesrs. 
Plambas and Dombos ; for the Duke required the whole amount of 
bis wife's fortune to bo paid down, whereas his Lordship was deter- 
mined to tie Qp every penny under stringent settlemcuta ; bat at last the 
thing was arrangixl by I>:)rd Kevcomen negotiating a loan through ttiu 
GoTorament tn'okcr with a Life Insurance Company which wantod a now 
charter, and was prepared to lend the Duke of Courthope a sum sufficient 
for his immediate necessiUea on the tacit understanding that they should 
get it. 

Things having thus been settled to the satisfaction of everybody in 
good Kiciety, the wedding festival, as already said, was imposing in its 
Btato and magnificonce. The company oomprised tbo Archbinhops of 
Canterbury and York, the Cabinet Mtuiatunt and ex*Mimstera of both 
the grvat parties in tho country, the Lnko being nominally a Tory 
and the Marquis nominally a Whig ; most of tho proud old Catholie ocbi- 



lit; Trho so soldom come abroad, all the wetleonnaetcd btahof*. 
and canons of tbo High Church aod the BtomI Chnrcb, all tlM fiat! 
iin<l geatlemen who coald beg, borrow, or win ftn inrttation lo bi pnMfc 
The CathdliQ portioD of the marriage serrice was song hj aosM at Ik 
finest Touei in Europe, imported from direrB opera hoosee aa tfaa c^os 
is. The gorgeons bmilj plate and art treasnrei), eoUeeted by wmUk od 
taste for conotlees generations were profusely displayed, aod u ilia pwA 
folding-doors of the banqaeting ball were dmig open by the DtSU't 
Chamberlain to bis friends, the band of hta Grace's old regrmeDl, Ibi 
Grenadier Gnards, played them in amidst the bloza of dlamoodai ud tt» 
nodding of plomee on all the beauty and chivaliy of the Imod. 

Lord and Ijady Noweomcn recdved the wedding goeote with the w- 
eompUabcd charm of a practised host and hostees ; for oar Dak* ia4 
Pachess, in cumplianee with our English castom, left town iniiDedilld^ 
after breakfast for Beanmauoir, bia Grace's place, in one of tbe SOdboi 
Coanttes, wbieh Pope had catlod a wonder of the world. 

There more rqoictngs awaited them. Triumphal arches wore mdd 

" Oar Young Dake, and Our Old Constitntioa/* 
"Welcome HOME," 
"0. & n.," 

and other romantic and ori^al doTiees inscribed upon Uunn in 
or coloured lamps. Bla Grace arrired in a carnage and four ; bk 
trious consort aat beiido bim, tall and nprigbt as a wand, and tfa> pMpW 
loudly cheered them as they swept on to the stately cssUe gates of BoM* 
manoir, altecded by a guard of honour composed of the Ooaa^ Ymaaa. 
The park-keepers in their state liroriea came forward to reeetru thna, thi 
ancient Korman church rung out a joyous pejil from its timo-hoWMnd 
bel&y, the militia band sprang into music on the lawn, and a salute WM 
fired in the park. As they ncarcd tho castle gates, the Duke stood op sad 
bowed repeatedly to the crowd. He was the same tall, gallaot-IookiBg 
gcuUeman who had slept at the Cheoqaers Inn, and he was Tisible tn the 
sight of hundreds as the perfect type and presentment of a greftt 
tary noble — the physical perfuotion of blood and nee. Jnrt thra ' 
waa heard for abore the bells and music, and above the roar of imom, a 
wild shriek from a human heart which had broken, and a yoaog 
travel- atuned, pale and haggard, fought her way throngb tbe thraog, 
flung berself in mad despair under the horses' feet. She was ocm of 
numerous womeu of whose hononr hta Grace hod made apotl, but 
nothing to do with onr story farther than bo fltnslrato thai the Doke'l 
marriof^ bud its small cloud among so moch sunshlut;. Shu was 
away* a shapeless mass all hnddled together ; nobody paid any attenltoii ' 
ihc lucidijnt; tho crowd closed round her, angry ut the ialerroplioo, 
thinking she was an impudent hogi^ar. llio oaniagc rolled rapidly ooj\ 
sod tbe Dokc welcomed \i» yrAb to ^ua t&euXnV ^un&t: voiidrt 



iQZzahs from his ten&nti; and depdodutts, u tboct^ ha had dooo Bome* 
great or good. Bat as the flag was baist«d on tho baltlotnants to 
looaee hb preseoee to Uw eoimtr; loaad, and gavu oat its heavy tMt 
the vintry mnda, it vu remiu-ked that his Orsce looked ft HtUo nn- 
'toerred, and that btfi hand tnrobleil bo that ho coald seareelj hold blu bat 
In it. The Devly-mode Baohesi; lookt^d at him with astoaisbmuut, and 
rhuperod in a rather criap way she had learned from ber mother, " Mon 
It, roiu Jeri£t mieux de roiu relirer." Then fihft tamod gracJonslj to 
lOwIedgo the coDgratuliitioos of the klnBftilk and tetuoecs oi tho great 
iioose who had aaiemblad to do hor hoDOur, while the Oake fonnd a 
pretext to go to his dressing-room and drink a deep draogbt of wine boforo 
ae reappettred agaio. 


'si marriage vhieh took place under soch aaspioiooB ctrcnmstaaeeg to 
'ftU ODtward appearance was Dot n very happy match. The hosbacd and 
vife did not qoatrel. Persons in their rank of lire have no need to do 
that, bocauM the; oan bo easily avoid each others' society ; aod the Duke 
of Ooorthope lired mncb apart from tho Ducheas. Indeed his Grace did 
not like tho reatrointa of marriod life, and his wife constantly gAlled and 
Toxod him. She was a bright, sarcattJc French person, who look very 
id«d news of things, and was obedient only to her confessor. She bad 
.thor a contempt for her hasbaod when she came to know him. She 
'fbooght him dull and beavy-willed compikrod with her EaLher, and the 
itrilUatit diplomftlists she bad been accustomed to meet every evening 
and her mother's tea-table. Bhc got into a hnbtl of sneering quietly at 
him. and tho Doko winced nnder her covert taonta as if they were barbed 
arrows which struck him in tho face and breast Perhaps she bod her 
iwn reasons for baviog a poor opinion of him ; who cAn pry into the 
eerete of married life ? His Qnuo had very Utile coaveraation. ITo was 
Hmutomed to be amused and made much of. He bad been always king 
if eveiy company be entered, the bright particular star of any firmament 
a which he dotgned to shinet and he soon found out that bin wifu des- 
lised him. Fint h« was astonuihed, then augry ; but at laat ber contempt 
enderod him nUen and indiffoient. 

Abont a yoar after their marriage a son and heir was bom to them, 
Dd ii Mcmed at first as though the strong link of on oxisteoeo for which 
icy were both rssponnble, and which was a part of Iheir OM-n Uvea, 
onld bavu drawn tbom together. The Dachess oertainly tried for a white 
[> put a better lace on things. She went s'mgin^ about her nursery with 
r child in ber arms, and tried to jest with herbasbsnd; but if there was 
no thing which his Oroco could miderBtund less than «iuit]b&i v*k «%& %. 

joke. Hd wafi like most English ooblemen of tbe h^ghftst nnk' 
tsolnam, utd bad od gxceauTe 6oose of his own importuiee. It 
him to ttai his mootUebeg pnUed bj merr; fixtgnv, and anu Saof 
TOQQd lua neck with screams of laughter, vhile m pair of d^ptr lut 
daogled half a ;ard from tbe groand. and clung to lum. Bo likad to hi 
nade lore to on handn and knees, and invited ouljr toadies who dttmi 
him, to his table. Uadge, if she bad bad ever bo littlo eclaeatioB, ooljr jot 
OQongb to spoak and think in coDventional Eogliab, would han fcoU 
him to his heart's content. &he would hare nikd« bim tupnmtijiMfff- 
He would have been failhfal tu her, becaose he woald havs feorf u 
Buch adulation elsewhere ; be n-ooid have been prood of bar, lM*eagitf At 
wonld have been so proud of bim. He and Kfadge had the aama iMlM ' 
and pleasures ; tfaef both lored horses and doga, eoara« i^ain food, lad 
a country Ufa in the opon air. Lndf Helena had not • vtah or aa Uis 
in common with him. Sbe was light-headed and witty, be was ponnw 
and doll, not ao mneh by nature as by habits which bad orexgiova Ui 
instincts. She liked the life of drawing-rooma, booka, poetty, nsm, 
the art4, aud the perpetaal whirl of society j be bated ftU Lboee tlii^ 
So At laitt they gave up all attempt to 'understand each other ; Hkl Oi* 
day the Duke, stung beyond eoduroneo by her tannls, l«t Call a Ihral d 
fearful import, t«Uing her rud«ly and plainly that she was not his «ifc. 
aud be stood ap in his wrath and corsed her. 

" I knew it," she answered with keen contompt, "and amooly bw||id 
that my boy is all my own. Tenez, M. le Doe, li toos C-toa doo — cboM)i|i) 
n'cst paa trop siirc d'apr^s ce quo dit men pcre. Vooa ilea on bicbo I " tai 
ebo swept from the room, leaving his Graoo Livid with punon, utd tacniei 
by his own imprudence. 

" Damn the wine I " he rantterod fiereeljt aft«r she wu gpoa ; " if I fl 
had not drunk so much at the hunt dinner I should not haro loat tny^ 
t«mp«r. But never mind, my lady will forgot it lofore moruiug, and si 
all events that old hombug, her father (who has dime me bo ntttly). 't 
too senublc to make a row." 

HJB Qraee was partly right in this view of the cow, and paHly wrs^ 
The Duchess did not forget it all before morning. On tb« oootnuyt ^ 
passed a greater part of the night clouted with her coofeaior, a wise oU 
man, who bad known the wayward girl from her btxth, and Lb« n«xt d^r, 
while his Grace was out shooting, ahe quietly retamed with lb* pritst H 
bor own homo, taking her inlknl son and bis nurse with bar. On lbs 
other hand, Lord Kewcomea pooh-povhvd the whole Hung raty plaaaal^i 
and walked with the latest news aa his lips into btf wiJa'a bottdotf. 
IpTing ber joenlar orders to bring her Grace to her seBSss, and his ink, 
who loTod and trusted and admirod bim, did aa she was bid. Thas he 
walked down to White's, where a telegram had aasorad hin ba aboaU 
meet the Duke of Coorthope, and Ihey talked the matta prcr in the bov 
viDdow, moat Bgre«ably. 

SaJJ the Duke : " I g>v« jonr lotdsbip my hoooar I wo ulnBoly 




Bated at haring hofled bi'r Grace — but. egad, I mtlBt tell toot lordslup 
it iraa aA«r dmner ; " and the Daka Bmiled demnrely. He did not wiah 
to pnt a grave &ce upon Ibd baBiness. 

"By Uie piper that plajod before Moses, as the; say in mr natiTe 
coQuti^, tbe UttU viiflti lias got ber badt ap, and there's no getting it 
down, yoor Orase, for a day or two," langbod tbo noblo Marqnia, wbo 
knew his daaghter's Btabbomnees apon a point of conBcience where abe 
was SQpportod by tbe priesthood. 

"I laara myself eotirely in yoorlordtibip's hands, " roeumod the Doke, 
wit2i a Doorleooa bow. 

Lord NowoomeD bit bis lip, and his brow darkiuied altnott imp«rMpi* 
ibly for a moneDt. " Is tbeie any proof sgaioet yoa, if you don't let tho 
cat out of the bag to anyone oleo?" he asked saddenly. His lordship 
know the raloe of a direct homo ^nestion when loost expected. 

- The Dnke of Comthopo fioshod crimsan, his lips mored onco or 
twice with a painfol spasm, bat do Bound came ttom them. Ho could 
□ot forco himBelf to tell a dir^cl lie, and at last OTerooming bis emotion 
by a BtroDg eflbrl, ho blnrted ont, *• By God, ray Lord, 1 don't know," 
and tb«o he bit his nother Up till the blood flowed. 

Lord Newoomeo looked Tery burd and keen wh«D he heard this sUrt- 
lii^ aoBwor ; and then said briefly, " I<ot mo know tho fiuta ; padiaps I 
ean toll yoa. What's the woman's name ? " 

" Zephirine Malvoisin." 

Tbe Marf^nis nodded. 

"The opera dancer?" 

*'No; berniece," answered tho Duke, nol wny to relieTO himself 
of his terrible secret to a man so clear beaded and expert in business as 
tho Marquis. 

"Where is the girl now?" 

" She died in the county lioiipital shortly after my marriage ? " 

*' Marriage ! " echoed Lord Newcomen, with a alight tone of scorn, 
and raising his eyebrows ; then remembeziog how muob any manifestation 
of feellDg impedes business, and renders a mutual understanding betwMu 
gentlemen difficult or impossible, ho asked with perfect politeness and 
good temper, "Any children, Duke 7 " 

" Two, a hoy and a gtti," answered his Grace, determined to make a 
elsan breast of it. 

•* Whero are they ? " 

" For tho life and soul of me I cannot tell," and tho Dnko, in mere 
nsmtui iiritability and to give emphasis lo his denial, rang the bell 
sharply, and asked tho waiter fur change for a soTeruigii. 

Lord Nowcomen looked out of tho window and nodded to on ncquaint- 
aneo on tho other side of the way till it was brought. He owed half bis 
saecess in life to the ^ct that he never lost an opportunity of being civil. 

" Do any of tho women's roIatiTos know anything about it?" bo 
asked, waiting patiently till tho Dnkc hod put up bis chaugo. 

vol.. ixviD. — ^xo. mc. W. 

" Har brothu ioea. He vt&a pKHut. bat ht put himidf ed d 
ooQit by foxing my name to « bill of exdiaiige." . 

" Have ywi got the paper ? " 

" Oh, y6»," aaid the Daka with a vny irnDA, wMdh obIj 
Bide of his month. 

" Where is the maa ? " 

" He Urea at Bonea, and wrot« mo a boUying kiUr yaatcrdaj. 1 
recelTetl it ja<tt as the botmda irete about to throw off m my park." 

"Let me see those papere," said Lord Ifen-ootaeii qukkJy. "l 
mean the forgery and the begging letter." 

" They are here," aonrored the Dolie, nwortinng hu pontpoiiiT. 
"X was about to ptacd them in the baods of Mortmaio, my tnticitur.te 
protect me agAinst that kind of imperlinenco." 

Lord Xewcomon looked at him oal of the citrem^ cxxmnr of ooe tjt^ 
and he thought " Dolt," but ho said, " No, uo, Duke, Ioato Hub boanw 
to mo. Lord Protocol, in Paris, owes sometliing to mo for havioK fit 
him oni of a «crapo with nn andcr-sccrotoiy at F. 0. last year. I Unt 
wo shall be ablo to give Mon^idar Qoatran do Malvoisin hia ekoHi 
between a Tice-consnUto in South AmpHea, on condition that he nfttf 
roturuB, or the hulks at Toulcm. It is quito immaterial to ns whi^ al 
the two he ncoepts, we muitt get rid of him," 

The Bnko bri^teced into eitrema grandoor and dignity at tla 
miexpooted relief. He had groat eooGdesoe in Lord Koweomcn, and a 
well-foonded faith in the occall powers of govenimimt when aet in BOtiaB 
by competent banda. *' TTpon my sonl I am monstronaly obliged to yaer 
Xjordship." said his Graee, extending hie hand with groat eordtaltty, let 
somehow or other the noble Manama did not see it* and tbo iJoke ni 
obliged to withdraw hia ouLstrotchod fingers antoucbcd. 

Lord Neweomon had sent for the Clergy List, anrl was oow luains 
OTfir its pagMi with a very stern oxpraftitioD como baek into bis be*. If 
ho bad diOMO to say what it meant be might have told that be ial^M 
to diire tbe nail bo had in hand well home, iodifloreat as to aay Im 
feelings it might pteroe on its way, or any eensittve nervee which m%bl 
try to evade its point. With this purpose be was framing a few 
qnostioDS. He never left boaineas half done. 

*' Wliere did the marriage take pUce, Duke 9 " 

** At Enghoin," answered lua Graoe, wineing. 

" Englicin I " mused Lord Neweomen. " Pooh I Ihorfl's 
ur Ijnlish ahaplain at Enghcin." 

" I did not aay there wab," replied the Dake slyly. 

" ^VTiy thou, haug it, Dnke, you wore not married at all.' 
the Marquis, throwing himself hack and Inogbing bfarttly. " A 
tnarriago Jou't couul for anything except in Ireiand — ^but flop, poliBft 
yoM private chaplain was «nn of ilic party ? " 

" Tc*," said the Doli. 

*' Woll, ha didn't regiiihir, U comw ? " 






'* Xo," Enid the Dtikc. 

*' He won't peach, uill he — I meui h» in kit right, yoxL ftro ott good 
lermB with him ? A ohapliun is goDonkllj kept in order hj his hopes or 
Ug tots." 

" I am quite sore of him," eaid the Dake. " He ia & geDlkmaii ; I 
have a tight grip an him." 

*' Nomo ? " asked the Harqais. 

" Dr. Porteoiu," answered the Pake readily. 

*' Well, Duke," ohserrcd Lord Isewcomcn, as he brougM the intw- 
viow to a doso, " ve may, I think, count on old Forteoas. In tho 
first pluce be is a genUemno and a man or hoooar, with a great admiratioD 
for his bettors ; he knovs that whatcrer he miglit say no one would 
bolioTO hie word against yours, and that you would certainly contradict 
him ; in the next place it would coat at least a hundred thoosaod pounds 
and about fifty years to dispute the encceaaiou to a dukedom with my 
grandson ; it is not likely wo shall be tronbled by a beggarly French 
aeene shifter and hla brood. However, it may be u well to throttle himi 
and if erer you hear any more about the business come to mo. Morimain 
would only Bttr up troublo, while we as yon know have plenty of ways of 
settling sueh things qoieUy among ourselves ; and tho foreign police nro 
oltrayB civil if vrell handled Ihroogh the right people. 

cnAPTTR m. 


Tai! Doko of Conrtbope and Ravel Darer did hear anything more of 
tbs business nhiah ha^ formed tho topic of conTcrsation between hia 
Grace and Lord Newcomcn. Tho noble Uarquie, his disoroet and boei- 
naas-tiko father-in-law, died in the ordinary course of erente, leftTing bii 
title and entailed estates to bo fought for between a shoemaker in Cork 
and a captain in the Indian army ; both of whom were ruinod In pocket 
and character by the litigation, just as a merchant seaman returned from 
Australia with an attorney behind him, and cBtablished his claim to govern 
a port of the British dominiona by hereditary right, all wants of aptilndo 
and education notwithstanding. The charming i'rench Marchioness who 
bad been the life of London society so long, died also. SUo caught cold, 
dowagering about with visitiog eards, in an cast wind ; and a Yankee 
Bowery ^1, whom the merchant seaman had met while on a spree ashore 
at New York, wa» the ooit Miirchionoiis of Newcomcn. Bhe made a 
ahowy peeress of the realm; and bad T017 toll fooUnen, who called out 
her name londly upon drawing-room days, so that all St. James' Street 
might know what a fine coach and coachman aho bad. A good natured 
marchionesa ehe was too, and would linre given mncfa more money than 
she did to pnblic charities if tbe costs of tho attorney who raised her to 
the peermgo had not boea so Large ; and her fortiue*, ha<l ih«y Tkix-^-^Juiv^ 

284 lOOHa BBOWN. 

to do with this history, might bo worth fii^wing. As it if they wonU 
lead us too far afield. 

The bright-eyed Dachess of Ooorthope, who had married bo gruilly 
and 80 unhappily, fell into a low fever while superintending the pnpui- 
tiona for her mother's funeral, and, last of all her family, she died alio, 
leaving only one child, a son, of aboat twelve years' old, who had bem 
her sole hope and darling in this world. His name was, am<mg maiij 
other names, Bertran-Cardwell Wyldwyl ; he was commonly called 
Marquis of Eingsgear, and he was imdoabted heir to the titles and estatM 
of Ooorthope and Bevel, with the unentailed estates of Neweomcn; 
thoQgh strange to say he was only mentioned in his mother's and grand- 
father's will as Bertran-Cardwell (" my beloved son or grandson "), hii 
own family name of Wyldwyl and the titles which he wore by eonite? 
having been omitted evidently throagh the blnnderof a eonveymneer. "B 
was not even worth while to set the blonder right," said Hr. Mmtiiiain, 
the confidential family solicitor of. the Wyldwyls, to his ohief deik. 
" There is and can be no dispnte about the person meant. The lati 
duchess had only one son, and her father, the late marqniS} had no othc 
grandchild, whom ho ever to my knowledge recognised." 

" It is a cnrions mistake for ISi. Fynsent to have made, thoo^ air; 
isn't it ?" observed the clerk, who had private suspicions of his own re- 
specting the affair of Mr. Mortmain's clients. " Yes, it is, Mr. Cope- 
land," answered his employer, fastening a steady glance on his sahordinat^ 
and both kept up the legal ficUon of deceiving each other even in tb« 
recesses of their office, where there was no manner of oeeanon too: double- 
dealing. So in due time honest Mr. Copeland rose to be a member d 
the firm, and it signed "Mortmain, Mortmain and Feoff" upon th> 
briefs which it submitted for the opinion of eonnssL 


t^t gingib DIanct. 

DnuKQ the mooUtB of S«pteiub«r, Octobor, stud Kovcmbor, Murs and 
S&tam an) companions ta oreiUDg stars. It vUI not bo diffieolt ta ro- 
oogaiu) tham, ihoogb tbo raJd; glories of Mara hasa been grcall; rbdueed 
Bisoo July and Aagust, wIicd b« ebared witb Jupiter Uie domioioa over tbo 
VABbem ddos afl^r Boosct. Tbe dall yellow Instre or Sntani diffcn 
markedly from tbo rod bat more etar-tiko b'gbt of Mors ; and, as tbo two 
planets draw near to oacb otbcr late in h'ovember ([QAklug Ibcir uearMt 
approacb od lb« 20tb), it irtti bo intAregting to obecrre Iho contrast bft- 
twMD the red aod j-oUow planets of tbe solar Bjsiem. StrUEing, howoror, 
as tlus eootnut wiU ba foand to be, it ia insignificant, compared wilb tbo 
real eootriut wbicb ensta between tbo two ptancta. Uars ia tbo Uant bat 
one of tbo primary members of tbe solar family, and, allboagh be ptirsuoa 
a eoureo outside tbo eartb's, be ia aiilike all tbe otber superior planets in 
being unaceomptnied by any moon ; bis small orb, also, appeiiTs to bave 
bnt a sballow atmoepbcrio envclopo, wbilo, in pliyaicaL eonstitTition, ho 
apparently oeenpiea a position between tbe eartb and tbo moon. Satnrn, 
on tbe oUior bund, is inferior only to Japiter in dimensions and mass, 
wbUe bo is snperior to Japiter not on)y in tbe aatronomieal wubo that ho 
Imvcla on a wider orbit, bat iu tbe extent and importaneo of tbo scbeme 
DTBf wbicb ho bears sway : bis orb, moreorer, like that of Japiter, appears 
to bo tbo secne of marrctlons processes of change, implying a oondiUon 
allogoLber nnlike that of tbe earth on n'hicb we Uve. 

We propose to gire a brief sketch of what has he«n ascortainc-d respect* 
ing this wonderful planet, the most beantifnl telescopic object in the wholo 
JtttWDfl, and tbe one wbicb tbrons tbe dearest ligbt upon tbe nataro of 
tbo sotar system and paxticolarly of those giant planets which circle oat* 
ndo tbe zone of asteroids. 

We would at the outset impress npon the reader the necessity of raising 
his thoD^its above those feeble conceptions r«sperliag SatQin and his system 
which an saggested by the ordinary pictnres of tbo planet. When we seo 
Batnm presented as a ball within a ring, or more carefully pictured as a 
striped globe within a system of rings, w« are apt to regard the ideas sug* 
gosted by sneh drawings as affording a tme estimate of tbe planet's nature. 
In laot, many belioTe that tbe planet and its rings are really like what is 
presented in these pietorea. It should he oodnftood that what has been 
utoally seen of Batnm bj telescopic means cnnnot, in the natnre of 
iUnge, afford any truo picture of the planet and its ring system. The 
piotore most be Gllcd io, not by tbe imngbuUon WV \)^ ^^ «a^ o\ tiAaWi \ 



tkud then, thon^h mncli tUI itiU rem&in imkiiowQi we BhaU tuTa »t Iwt 
a far juetcr eoDceptioo of Uie gtaries of Lbo ringed world Uutn rt»«i 
simplj cootemplate drawings wbi«h tbow bow Uu plan«t loolu iindarli)»> 
uopio BoraUny. This vill at ome appear, when wo aonsider thsl Sitoa 
DeTor Uea at a less dlstanes tliun 7S2 miUionB of miles txvm. Uw nrf&. 
With the most powerful t«l«acopd wo »«« him do bett«r (Uking atmotjlurii 
(rffiwta into sMoont) than wo sbonl^l if this distoaeo were rediuMd to atod 
a million miles. It is maoirest Ihat at this enormoas diataiic« all sa^v \h 
gfiwnl featores of his globe and of hie tinge must be indistiagnii^uUt. 
Whrre wa Boem to nee a smooth Boltd globe striped with belts, Qurt sty 
l>o an orb no pnrt of which is soUd, ^rt roand by masses of iiiAtl<r hfof 
manj miles nboTe its sficming surface. 'Wber^ wo team to see solid kl 
rings, noatly dirided one from the other either by dark ipeoei or bj fif- 
ferenee of tint, there may be no Dontmaoas ringa at all ; ths Bpfaral 
ppaces may be no real gape ; the diflferonce of tint may imply oo ^ifi 
of material. Ou tbese and other points, the known beta afford tm; 
endeooe, and, by res8<mtng upon them, we are carried far beyond Ibid 
suits directly conveyed to as by tele«copio researches. 

Hatiim is distingniahed, in tho first pbee, by the enormotis range 
orbit, not merely in dielonce from the bdh, bnt in the distances whidl th 
parate it from the orbits of his oeighboar planets. His mean distaaci 
from the sun is abont 8T2 mittioos of mllee, his aetoal range of distsMS 
l^g between 921 mHlions and 828 millions. ThesB figoree are tapOBSf, 
but they are, in fact, meaningleBS save by comparieon with other distanert 
of the sumo class. Let it be notieed, then, that Saturn's muac distonoe 
from the sun exceeds the earth's more than nlno and half times. Ke* 
Japiter's distitnce exceedti the earth's rather more than fire times (£t« mJ a 
fiflh is -very nearly the trne propotdoD); so that between Jupiter's path aed 
Satam'fl there lies eTerywhoro a span fiiUy equal to four times ibo esrtli's 
distance from the sua. So much for Satnrn'a oeAreiit □eighbonr on that 
side. Bat on the farther side lies TTranns, more tbbn nracteen times aiUr 
away from the sun aa oor earth is ; so that between Ibe paths of Sotnni 
and Uranaa there lies eveTj'wherc a span e<jaal to tiatum's own distsoM 
from the son. Now all this is not intended aa a mere display of w«ndsr> 
fill distances. So lar oa mere dimensions ore eonoafaed, these amys rf 
6gare6 are more imposing than impressive. Bot so soon aa we IsJte ialo 
aeeonnt the cirenmstAnco that a planet is in some sonae rolor arar Om 
spaces through which its course carries It, those spaces being bf tu 
fflooQB teouuUess, wo see that, csUrii jMrihut, tho diguity of a pUnel il 
enhanced by the ertCDt of the space separating its orbit from the ortrfts •( 
Its nejgbboors on either side. Nov ibe spaca between the pntlu of Safann 
and Jnpiter exooeds tho space cDcIoeed by the earth's orbit no leas than 
■ix^-tfaree times, wMte the spuebetvcen the paths of Sattin andtTFanoi 
exceeds tho spaee endosod by the earth's orbit two hondrnd and wreety 
times I Assaming (as we seem eom^cUod to do by cimtix. leg 

eridmc^) thai Sal urn and hia (ty«Usm wno l«rme\^^ >;u> ^^i: — .-^ » ^ 



maitor from the re^o over vhieh B&tnrn now hettrn tw&y, ire casnol 
ironder that the planet Is a giimt nnd his nj-stem irooderfiil io extent and 
eomplexity of stractare. It Is true that Jupiter on one side and rmnofl 
on Uie other, share Satnm'a rnle orer the rasl vpaee, 880 times tlie whole 
8pac« circled roand \rj the earth, which lies between tbe orbits of bis 
neigfaboar planets. Bat Satain's mlo is almost sapreme orer the greater 
part of that enomiOQa space. Combimng the vAStnoss of tbe space with 
ita position— not (to near to the son that solar influence can greatly inter- 
iera with Sators's, oor so far away as to approach the relatively- barTOn 
ontakirts of tbo sokr system — wc seem to find a snfficicQt expLioation of 
Batera'fl high poeition in tbe scheme of the planets as rcspocts Toltune and 
ntau, and his fortmo*t posilion as reopecta the complaxity of the system 
over which he bears sway. 

Brie6y, then, to indioato his proportions, and the duDansions of his 

Bolara has a globo eonsidorably Hitttened, hie cqnatorial diameter being 
abuat 70,000 miles wbOo his polar axis is nearly 7.000 miles shorter. 
Thns in volume be exce«ds tbo earth nearly 700 times, and all the fonr 
temutria] phneta — Mereory , Venna, the Earth, and Mara — tahan together, 
more than 880 times. In mass ho does not ezcoed the earth and thase 
other smaller pluiets so eni^rmouKly, becaaso his donsity [regarding bim 
as a whole) is mn«h l«t<t than Lba earth's, tn fact, his density is less 
Lhau that of any otht-r known body (comets of course excepted) in Ibo 
K^ar system. The read<5r is donbtless aware that the snn's mean density 
is ahuost exactly one-fourth of the earth's ; Japitcr'a is almost oxactly 
thaiamo as tho eim's ; bat Saturn's is little more than half tho snn's, 
bAtnf; reprt'Sttntttd by the nnmbor thirteen only, where 100 repiMeata the 
earth's. Thae, instead of i^xcL-t'din^; the earth nearly 700 timofl in mass, 
as he woold if h« were of thu xamo duosity, bo oiCi.«d8 her but aboat ninety 
times. But thifl disproporLiou lourt still be regarded as enormona, 
fispedally when H is added that iho unnbaud mass of tho fonr terrestrial 
planetB amonnla to little more than the forty-fonrth port of Saturn's masR. 
The combined mass of Uranas and Neptune, though Ibcsu aro members 
of lite fkmily of mi^or planets, falls short of one-third of Satmn'a niasa ; 
yet, by eompaiison with Jnpiter, wboee mass cxcoeds his more than three- 
fold, Salotn appears almost dwarfed. And it ninj be noted as a strildfig 
eiraomstsnea — one that is not anffieiently recognised in oor astronomical 
treatbas — ^that while Jupiter's masi exceeds the combined mass of all tho 
6lher|duufts (inclnding Saturn) atmut two and half times, Bstnm cxoeodB 
aO the remaining planets in mas^ about two and three qnarlur times. 8o 
onaqnaUy is the material of tiio planetuy system dislribateJ. 

The mighty globe of Satoin rotates on ita axis in about nine hours 
and a half, the most rapid rotation in tho aohur eyetom so fiir a« is yot 

But what ahall we say to Indicate adoqnately the dimensions of that 
anOrmooB nag, B^sAeta which eirclas nnrand SaUutil Ueta^«>>a^« xl^^ 


luut of compsrisoo, and ncftrMly any mode of presenliag tba fiwU «Mf4 
ILo mere statament of nmuerioal reUUona. Thus, the fall spftn of ^ 
riDgB» moaanrod serosa the centre of tiie planet, amonnts to 107<OQO 
uilet ; the full breadth of tho ring-syiteni amonnU to 85,000 mile*. M 
ifaeu Dnmbere ooavoy aaly impeifoct iileoa. Perhaps tha Uat w^ d 
indicBtiag the encmoouH extent of the ring-system is to oientian tk■la^ 
camnaTigatioQ of tho world bj ft ship MuUog from EoglAnd to New Zet- 
land by Qood Hope and from New ZotJand to Eng'Iaiid bj Oapa B<B 
Tronld haTetoberejMiUeil tweuly-ooe ttoMB to giro a distaneo tqoftlfiagthi 
oQl^r cireamfeTenoe of the ring-eystem. The B&tns double jpbtm; 
amounts in distance to bat about tiro-thirds of Iha breadth of the ri^ 

Ab to the scale on vhioh Satorn'e fyitem of satellites is comrtnwM, 
vo Bhnll merely remark that the span of the ontannost sateUile's ofUl 
oxooeds nearly two-fold tho complete span of tho Jorian aystem of nUl- 
tit«8, and exceeds the span of our mooo'e orbit nearly tenfold. 

And now let as consider vhat is the probable nitureof tho vast orbi iriadi 
Iravola — girt round always by its mighty nng-syetom — at so enoriDOB s 
distance tram the sun that hie dieo has bat the nioetiath part of the SMcf 
tho solar disc we see. Hare we in Saturn, as hu been so long tbe ordbuy 
teaching of astroaomy, a world lUte oar own, though huger — (he abode at 
millions on milUona of lining crAatnrea— or mast we ftdopt a totally fi* 
ferent view of the planet, regarding it as differing as much from our eulh 
as our earth diflera £rom the moon, or as Satom and Jupiter differ bat 
the san 9 

We must confoBs that if we sat on one side altogether Ute ideal i^ 
eeived ixom books on aetronomy, endearouring to view thee« qnestiaBS 
independently of all pre-coneeived opinions, it appears anteoedeuUy ioh 
probable that SaUirn or Jupiter can resemble the earth either in attribntei 
or purpose. We coueeire that if a being capable of traversing al wJS 
tho interstellar spoees were to approach the neighboorhood of our mIsi 
system, and to form his opinion respecting it frum what be bad ul^w nil 
in otber parts of tho sidereal universe, be veuld regard Jopitar *«4 Bataiw 
the brother giants of onr system, ei resembling rather those oompaiMB 
orbs which are seen in tho con of eertain unequal doable alars, thia 
•mall dependent worlds like our earth and Veoos. Thero are, pe^sfs, 
no instaneei known to onr teloseopists in which the disparitj of ti^ 
as distinguished from real magaitoda, is quite bo gnat as that whlek 
exists in the case oi the sun and the two chief planets of the eobr ajstan.* 

* Ercn this » not cnrtmia. Jupiter, •eon In full Ulomlsalkni from t *taHl|ieiBt 
•0 diabutt thmt buth Jupiter aai th* nui migbt be regwded se eqnftUy j*!— yi| im 
II, wonM Appear to ihiiie with ratliBr mutv lltm tb* 3,000tb part of tke nm*e C^bL 
Thie woald comapoad to Um ditferaioe of «)ip«rent brigblneai Iwhraeo twn itan of 
e(|iial real nsgninde and tplendoar, whereof ooo tru obool Uriy-foar ttimM ■ tu 
aw^r •• the oUur. Thftrecu beoo daaht tbit th« Ursorprlkcirtrscrf Um UemMa 
Batmt aad La«all, tod the tnal ntncvn ul (in«tnndb,Y'd!iurav«tt&^ 



£al we 8«e in tli« heaven of the &x«d lUrg all orders of dipproportion 
balmten double stars, from tbe closest ftpproa«h to e^uitUtf down tu sooh 
BXtnme ioeqaalit;, that whilo tho Urger star of tho pair is ooo of the 
tfladiDf! brilUaDt« of the heavens, the smaller caq only just he diaeeniBd 
vitb the largest telescopes yet made, used on tho darkost and clearest 
nights. Wo have no reason to believe that tho scrioa stops jast whore 
our |>oirer of tracing it censes ; on the contrary, since tlM •eriis is con- 
&mam as far as it goes, and since onr own solar system is coustitutod 
&fl if it belonged to tho seriea prolonged far beyond the timita which 
telescopic scratioy has reached, we have r«aMn for beJiei-isg that sneh 
is indeed the interpretation of the observed facts. In other words, we 
may not unreasonably r^;ard oar solar system as a mnltipte system, a 
donble star at certain ranges of diatatica, whence only the sou and 
JupttAr could be seen ; a triple star at distances whence 8atam could 
lie Besa ; and a quintuple star wbere UraoDB and N'optnno wonld comd 
into TOW. To show what exeeUeat reasos existi for regarding Mercury, 
Tanas, the earth, and Mars as not to be ineloded in this view, it is only 
B0OMSU7 to r«maifc that not one of these planets ooold ho seen until Ihe 
lisdtfl of tbo solar system bad been cnwaed. To eyesight snch as ours, 
not one of tlie fbar terrestrial planets conld be teen from Saturn, and 
still less of coarse from ITranas or Kcptuno. It would bo as nnrcasonilda 
to bold tbo ring of asloroids, or even tho myriads of systems of meleoro- 
tttea and Rtrolitcs to be bodies resembling the earth and her fdlow 
terrestriiU planets, as it is to bold these torrostrinl planets to bo bodies 
reBcmbliog Jupiter and bis follow giants. 

Id all cbaracterialics yet recognised by astronomers, Jnpiter and Saturn 
differ most markedly from the cortli and hor fellow planets. In bulk and 
moss tLoy belong manifestly to a diffurcut order of cn>ated tilings; in 
deotitr Ibey dilliir moro from the earth tfaan the son does ; they rotate 
moch more swiAly on tboir axes ; tboy roocivo mncb less light and he&t 
from the son ; the lengths of tlieir year exceed tho length of tho earth's 
year as remarkably as tbuir day falls short of hers; the atmospheric 
enTelopo of each is divided into rariable belts, nttetlj onlibe auything 
existiDg In the earth's atniosphero ; and, lastly, each Js the centre of on 
important subsidiary scbunie of bodies quite unlike the moon (tbo only 
aeoMdary plant^t in tho bcrrcstrinl family) as respocta their nilations to 
thfi primary oronud which they travol. 

Notw-ithataodtntj all these circumstances in eridooco of ultcr dis- 
aimilari^, and the foot that not one circnmtitance in tho ooDdilion of tbo 
mi^or planets go^esta resemblaaoe to the terrestrial planele, astronomy 
oonlinoe* to treat of the planets of the solar system as tbuiigh they 

C.9., woitM liriaB llts farther at two imch uton Into rXtvt if tha nrarer nrcje of |tw 
int. or tccoiul (Dii{;nitii(le ; and il ii not nt nil iiiilikclv iti»l mine of tlic rx<vediii};|y 
miutita ooniiABJotift la Lirigtit UAr», 4Ih-W«iI b; tlieac lr.«LinmcBta, najr Lc iklsMia 
Rising irttli rrAcctol. not with inherent lostre. 



toaoti A mng\6 Tiaa\y. It voalj appear as Utoagb Uia lesduBgi of fb 
uLroDom«T8 who lived b«ri>ra Uio tcleeeope vna iavenied, bad xo itiefj 
an uib«ronl vitRlitv, ihwX uor« Uum two ceatarios and s btlf <tf S^ 
ooTfiriefl adfcrsa to thoM tAMhiDga nre powerleea to digp owpM (haiT 
their authority. For do oUtar reosun can bo 6aggeat«<], as it >fitKAi> l> 
me, for the eomiilete diarvgardwilh which ifaa most abiktiig ehanetcridi 
of the mqor ptencts hnve b««n treittcd by modora BstrDDonun. 

If ve consider oao feature alooe of those whJoh Iuto t>v<ci )>i 
D)«i)tioDad— tho suaU mean deceitj of tbe giant planets — -<ro hkw il 
once the stroDgoat possible eridenoe to Bhew that Ihs eoDdlUoo of thai 
Lodiea most be nnlike that of the earth. Of coona, If wo asaauM Ifut 
Batntn's sabetacea (to ttuit oar atteDUon to this plaiiot} ia coopeaaltf 
niatfrialfi Bllogethtr nnlihe nn^ which exist on earth, a «r&y ont if w 
difficulty 18 fuand, Ihungli not an easy one. Ia (hat caec, hommr, «* 
are only aubstilntiiig one form of eoniplets diestntilaritT for aixAhir. 
And all the rcsolbi of Fpti^trnaenpin nnalTBis, aa appliod to the Oflartial 
bodiofl, toad to shew the improbability that aach dilTijrancos of eloDaBiiy 
eonatitotioD exiet — wo will not say in the solar systotn oiilr, hat io ft* 
sidereal oniTorse itaelf. If, hoverer, wo admit thut Satom la ia &■ 
maia cODBtitnted of elemtnta sndi as vo arc &miltar vith, va fed 9 
*xtr«niely difficult, or rather it is absolutely impoMsilito, to Bnppos* Ibat 
tho condition of hia anhatAtice ia like that of the north's. Tbera an 
certain aomistAhefiblo facta to bo aoooonled for. TAnv ia the mightj 
n»aaa of Satam, cxoeoding that of tho earth nmety-fold. That maaa ■■ 
endued with gravitatiag energy, precisely io the some way as titm eofth'i 
mass. There mast be from the Borfaee towards the contro a eoa* 
tinnalty iooreaaing pressoro. This praamro ia ealcatabic,* and rao^ 
monaty exceeds the interoAl preasnres existing within the earth's Inlaiiar. 
There is no possibility of caTlUtiB, as Brewster and othen bav* opEosI; 
for there ia no known uaterial, not tho Btroogest known to is, iron or 
pktiuam or adamaol, which coald resist Uio prosmrca prodneeJ iij 
Baloin'fl inlenial grsTitatJon. Bled woold be as yiiJdiBg as water tnite 
thwe prMsnres. Tbare mnai be eomprcssioc with its eoase^neot incrtMt 
of deoaity, aneh compresaion exeeeding many miUionfold, the g rttl s rt 



* It it a inlB/oTtiine for wEcuw Ihat New-lam hctw paltliihrd tU« t o wia l ffi 
whicli led hira Io (lit (wrclnrion that tlw eanh's timii ilrr- ■- ■- —,na\ tn het 
Tin knil lix time* iix deiiMtj of mUrr. Tlii», u t^trjaci- ■ iMien cnaln*4 

by MvenJ expcriiii«»Ul nwtbaib ; aiul, ao fv «a at-prani. :nr [x.ulcra Ua 
expefhncnlal onr. N«nion, tit>wcvrr, inii<t« n» oxji'Hmenti ; ai Inail, ooM 
been beitrd of as effeetnl bv him, uiH it 1% icant\j yr^hMf l)ial be had »oj 
nanliof aoffidsnl daUnu,r f nr a lA>h k tliffiratt. I'n^r. (Irani assrlbes Vw 
coiicIii»{uQ to a liopij iiiriuii.tit 1 yn il ia rrr^ unlllvc Kewum to nukkc • puw 
■lu-h B mfttter. It ii tvuev ftml>sl>!e tttni l>e |riic«ic<] itie ckmvnu xT Hut j^rthUai Itw 
Ike n nil L lie |r< ! o( • tahMaM* 

lii« irmntlr, aiiil II I I « (ImmmI oa 19^ 

pcrlnrDl, j^rhnfM), ukkulitii:4 Llnui-u Uic i-niijiTTiM"ti ut J;iriiicuL J4[>thl, and an 
ttltied the DiMit (lauily xl Uic wUuVe Tnua. 





irHh «hicli ten«Btri«l c^pcrimenteri hftvo dealt. Tbtt with Ui«80 
anonnooB forces at vork the aotual denaity of Saturn aa « \rholo ehonld 
bo fur less thaQ tb«t of iraUr is utlerlj loexplicablo, ohIms Baturn'e con- 
dition be regarded as altogctber nnltko that of the earth. Wo see in the 
son &D orb ^hlcb, Dotwitbstanding its wormoas mase. boa a mcui 
deiutil; mncb lean than the earth's, a&d little greater than that of water; 
but we have no difficulty in acderetandiog this cirenmetance, becaaee we 
see that the soa in in a state of iatease beat, and we kuo^T Uutt this beat 
prodnoes e^ts antsgotiistic, as it vere, to those prodaced by the attrac- 
tion of his mass as a whole apoQ every portioo of his eubstanco. Bat if 
we make no similar assomptjoQ ta Saturn's cose, wo God his emaU 
deiudty ineiplieablo. 

Auother eircuiiBtaBee assooLited with the qaestioo of Saturn's dcnuty 
introdaeos now diiSealtlea of the most perplexing ofitaro if it bo regarded 
according to the ordinary view, while it nceais not only cxplicnblo, but 
muiifcstly to be expected on the tbeory that Saturn's whole orb is in an 
intensely heated condition. Saturn certainly has an atmoipbero of con- 
siderable depth. The belts which snrround his globe ore endcnlly pro< 
doced by clouds in hia almospbore, though what the nature nf these 
clouds may be is not aa yet kuown. The brigbtvr belts are Ibe cloud 
belts, while the darker either shew his real surface, or, far more probably, 
belong simply to lower eload-layers. These bolts aro Tariabto in appaar- 
anco and position, sometiiDOs changinj^ with great rapidity. Their real 
extent is enonnoos, exceeding tho wbolo surface of our earth, even b the 
ease of tho narrowest belts yet seen. No one who has rlewod them 
through teldicopes of great power can refuse to adopt the conclusion that 
the atinoflphere in which these great clood zones are suspended most 
be of great depth, certainly far deeper Iban our atmogphere. But such 
an atmosphere, subjected to the attractions of Batum's maes, would bo 
QDormonsly oomprcsEed uudemealh those manifosUy thick cloud layers. 
A very moderate assumptipn as to the depth of the atmosphere would 
lead to the conclusion that at its base it must bo dcugor than water — that 
IS, denser than Saturn biiQEutf. No gas could osist aa gas at this density. 
Apart from this, wo are here nrriviog at the rery theory which the 
«dinary view of Saturn teaches as to avoid^viz., tho theory that he is 
ntbcrly unlike oar earth in physical condition. Wo may much more 
ooavenienUy anive at the same general oonclosion, while avoiding other 
difflcolties, by simply adopting tbe same explanation in this case which 
serves to accoont also for the small density of Saturn's moss — viz., the 
theory that Saturn's globe is in a state of intense heat. 

Bat now let it bo noticed how pcrfttcUy this new of Satom's eon 
dition accords with the theories which aro beginning to be establiabed 
rcspectiug the gonesis of tho solar system. Whether wo regard tho 
planets as formed from tbe coudenMktion of enormous nvlulous tooMes, 
or wliether we assomo that they were produced by the ^atlioriDg together 
of matter originally IraveUiug in dense meteoric flights aroi nJ Uie central 

ftggngitioD «bflii«d (he tan was ona day fo ba Sbrmed, we IM OmU tt4 
Uig«r the plaDet the greater mast have heen its origiss] beat, Tbt hid 
geseratod daring the coniienfialioQ of a Dfiboloas mass tnaai ivpuuA tftt 
the magoitade of the mass, smee in faet the accepted theoiy of b«t 
tcnohea a& that the ori^al beat of a globe bo formed is raeuuaUe If 
the aetoal diflereoce in dimenuons between the globe ami lU pamd 
oload-ma», and of eoorae tbe larger the elotid-mass tbe greater tha 
diflerenoe would necessarily bo. It ia equally certaiii that the %mi 
generated by the gathcring-in of meteoric matter would be ao waA 
tbe greater aecording at tbo qaauUty of matter gathered and gatbecini 
was greater ; for tbe beat ie prodaeed by the downUl of snob maltir m 
tho globe it helps to form, and the greater the mass of that ^ob« IW 
greater is its attmcliag might, the greater tbo velocity it gcnet«t«e is thi 
faUing meteors, and therefore the greater tbe beat produced whan Htj 
are bronght to rest. 

Satorn, then, wonid originally be mncb hotter thao onr carlb, cm ay 
theory of tbe fvolHtion of oar solar system — and there ar« few ■■liiinn— I 
who donbt that tbo solar eystem irtu wrooght by proe e wa e of •volate 
to ite present condition. Bat not only woold Batom be much botitf 
than the earth, but owing to bis enormoas sixe be woold part vili 
bis heat at a mnch slower rate. On both aeeoonte we abonld infer that 
at this present time Saturn is mach hotter than tbe earth — in otbd 
words, since our earth stUI retains no inconsiderable proportioD of ili 
original heat, Saturn may be aasnmed to be in a slate of inte&ae beet. 
What bis actual boat may be is not ao easily deteniUDed. We ifcall 
presently show roasoes for believing that ao inferior limit, below whidi 
bis heat doea not lie, is indicated by the fact that be still poMOMl 
inherent lonunoeity. Oq tbe otber hand, a supericv limit is indiatled 
by tbe fact that bis inborent laminosity i^ not great, and that, in all 
probability, tbe thiobor olond-zonos of Bfttaro prevent the puBoge ut Iha 
greater port of bis light.* 

We should infer then that Satam in eome respects reeanblM the m, 
thoDgh of conrse tbe very same roaeening which teoebes os to b«U«f6lhal 
Batom is very maah hotter tbsn the earth, leads os oln to the oondiiiiea 
that it is not nearly so bot as the son. How thoa riewing Satam, «i 
should bo ted to expect, apart from all telescopic evideooe to that aflMl, 
that bo would resemble the son in certain general featnrea. For iiislaiMS* 
we might expect that be would have spot-zonee, while hia eqnatorimi jdm 
woold be free &om spots ; or, if it wore tbuughl that so eloBO a rosemblaut 
was not to bo looked for, then wo might still expect that his equai 
zone, like the sun's, would be distiDgnished E^m the rest of hia sorfiaee 


* To prcTent misnpprcheiitSoD, it oiav he u mil lo r«intri«l t)i« rw^Wr tint 
aplisrant coouniiii; of Satnm'a clonil'ticln It; no meaos ituj'Iirt 'Vnt tlirr mn 
eootinQOiM, aad it b on d priori fftxmodt liiRbl;- improlwlila ll i ' ■> j 

lafi In Us tiMtA-*ooea iirn or tbrw hutidr6d mite* lo leoBth a .< woaU W 

quite eaiiODeniUils al Satom's aoarawu dUlaaee. 



some weU-marlrad peculiarity. This is Uio oaM. The oqnaiona] zone of 
SaUini Is distinguisli«d bj a peculiar brigbtoMg from tbo rest of his 
BnHaee, inBomncb that tho late Prof. Niehol was led to rcgonJ this lono aa 
iha wene of a coDstant precipitation of nwteorie matter from the Inside 
of the ring-fijstem. 

Kow there is one important pecah'aritj vhich dis^'ngnishes the equa- 
torial bright zone of Satum from that of Jupiter, Japitcr'B aiia Is almost 
■qnoie to the lerel of tho path in which he travels aioond the gun ; so that his 
equatorial zone lies nearly in that level, and is therefore directly iUnminntcd 
by the SOB. Tbo aspect of Japiter in fact, as seen &om the sun, is alua^i 
that which our earth proecnts in spring and antumn. Bat Salnm baa an 
axis Teij considerably alopod to the level of tho path in which bo trnrcla. 
II la more sloped even than our earth's axis. So that in the eoartfe of bis 
loag year of 10,7&9 days (20^ of our years) Batnrn's globe presents to- 
wards tlte Btm all the voiying aspects which onr earth presents, only with 
a HOMiHtat greater raoge of varialioo. At one time he ia plaeed as our 
earth is in spring, and then his eqQntorial belt, as seen from the son, 
appears io lie straight across the middle of hia diso. Rather more than 
Efereo years later be is posed as our earth is posed at mid-sommer, his 
northern pole in bowed towards the son, and his eqnator is seen as a half 
OTal, earring far south of tho middle point of his disc. He passes on 
from this position, and in seren more years he is placed as oar earth is in 
Mttnmn, with bis oqoator agiun lying straight aeros!) his dise. Then 
seven years or so later, ho prosoata the aspect of oar earth at mid-winter, 
his eqoator carved lato a half oval passing Car to the north of the middio 
point of hia dine. And finally at the end of yet seven years more 
[or more eiactly, of one complete Satomian year firom tho eomnienoe- 
meot of these chaises), be ia again as »t lirvt. Now it seems 
manifest that if the great cloud-zono which earrounds Satnnii appcAring 
as a nearly white ring, wore dao to solar action, it would Ouctoate in 
position as these changes proceeded. The very length of the Satnmiaa 
year sbonld onsore the ocenrronee of such Jluctnations. We have only 
to onqaire what takes plaee on oar own earth, where, tboogh we have 
nothiog comparable vnth the belt nvtems of Japiter and Saturn, we have, 
nsTerthelesB, over ocean regions, u son-raiaod tropical cloud-hand in the 
middle of the day. This clond-baDd foUovpt th« «tin, being equato- 
rial in spring, passing Car north of the eqnator, oven to the very limit of 
tbo torrid zone, in summer, riitonung to tbo eqoator in autanm, passing to 
the soatbem Limit of the torrid zone in winter, and returning again to the 
eqoator in spring. In fact this clond-band as seen &om the son would 
ays cross tho middle of the earth's bee as a straight line in spring and 
imn, and as considerably more than a half oral agreeing in position 
with the tropies of Cancer and Capricorn at mid-sammcr and mid-winter. 
Bat Dothiog of the sort happens in Satam's ease. Hia equatorial white 
ring is really equatorial at all times, instead of being drawn to his tropica 
at 1^ mid-sommer and mid<winter seasons. This, in our opiniiHi, is dectsiva 



of thoorigin of Utlo great bond. If it were aonnlsed, i( wooLl otejrfii 
Bon ; but being raised bj- Satomiaa action, iU posiliOD is lolely d«t«ci^il 
hj Ratoni's rotation, and H thorefore retnuDB coostiuitly cqaaloriaL 

Bnt DQxi a vary strange and, at a first view, incredible cireonuitBecfca 
to bo coDsiderod in immodiate «ODnectioQ with the n^hitioua we ban I 
dealing with. 

It somuls sUrllxDg to iniggcf^ that SuUun yrolalltf cfntn^s 
and ihnpf. Y«l the eridence in &vour of tbe gUggeMicj. :; 
It mny bricfiy bo proacnted as ibtlowB : — 

Id April, ISOG, Sir Wiu. Uenchel, who hnd hitherto alvafi 
phnrt of an oral Ji'jwf, found that it priMeoto^ a straog«lT 
nppearanro. It vas flatlonud as osoal at the polos, btit abo at At 
equator; accordingly it hnd a qcndraDgalar or obloo ^ figure ' ■'■■^- ~-^'^ 
comers, of coarse), !la loogest diameters being the two ^ 

each other in tho middle of the disc) passed frum dotHi lalUaic il 
degrees DD Satam to the same eonlhorly latitudo. Or we maj otbenin 
describe the appearances presented, b^ saying, thai SnUtm Mwnwd 
in both the tcniperate zoitoB. HefBohel foocd that tbd sunn apf 
was presented no matter what telescope he enidoyed, and be tried 
some Boxtn fuvt, somo ten, one twenty, and one forty ftsot in Ua^ 
With these tcloacopes Japitor presented his ordinary onU sspeet. Dal 
BcrBchcl is not the only aetronom^r by whom aacb appeajruce ban Nkb 
noticed. On Aa^aot 6, 1809, Sehroter found that Siitiim'H ds^an 
difitortod. Dr. Kitohoner says that in the nntnmn of Idld he fivrf 
Saluru to have the fignre described by Herschel. Tbc present Astnnoaiff] 
Royal has soen Satom eimilarly distorted ; and on another 
Jiiituned in the temperate xonee. In January, 185?, Ooo)i<1^, 
eplendid refractor of the Cambridge ^3. S. Observaton- i swoOtt 

appearance in Sntamiaa latitude 20 degrees; yet on ■—- -.r.:. :iie plml 
had resumed its luaal aepeot. Id tho rvport of the G-reenwioh Obserralciy J 
for 18CO-01, it \» stated that " Batnru has $omitim.-t appeared tn 
the fjtiare-ihnuliifrftl aapeet." The two Bonds vt Ameriea, snrpfid 
few in observing skill, have seen Salom Riitare-Bboalderod and ban 
noticed Tariatiun^ of sbape. 

It Boems imjKHstbto to r^ect soeh testimony as this. Nor can H be db- 
posed of by ehowiag that ordimu-ily Satom presents a peribeUy affiplicd 
fignre. It is the osscmlial point of tho circnmrtanc-es ve 
udc^ring that tboy ore nnosnal. 

Xow we do not pretend to explain bow hucIi chuiged of 
brongbt abont. Bnt we would innte i}pL>ciiU attention to tbs cit 
that if thc-so changes be admitted ds baling occawocally oeeomd (aal 
we do not see bow tbey can bo called [n <]iiceUoq), then the r«cnlt is onl; 
startling in connection with that theory of Satnra's eonditioo which wi 
arc hero opposing. If Saturn be a globo rcsemhlinij our esrtfa, Qmb 
tuttliings and apheaTids, ituch as these appearances indteats, mask be 
regarded as Invohing ama/ing and most itapondom Itoo M m in fact 

othstiiw ^ 


n Uogtk.^ 
set Dal 

he Sm4^ 



d ba»^ 


r ebapl^^l 

* # i^fl 



abBoIately iner«<Ublo do matter whufi eridDiiM may bo fonnd in their fliToar. 
But eo 800D Rs W6 rcgaid B&tani'B wholo globe na in a sluto of intense 
heat, and hie belt*sj8t<n) m indicftttug the continuml action of foroee of 
enatmous activity, vie no longer find any difficulty in nndfintandtn^ the 
poeiUulify of ehiinges aach us Bir W. Honchffl, Sir Q. Aiiy, Uio Bonds, 
utd others of like obeerving 8kill, Imve iie«ii with eouio of the fioert 
reflfletLDg and refracting telescopes ever constraeted by man. Nay, v« may 
ereo go &rther, and find in solar phaDoumna certain reasons for boUevfaig 
that Satoni'e ^tobo would be enloected to preoieely such chaagus. It 
appears to have been rendered extremely probable by Seeehi and othera, 
that oar son'a globe varies in diuiDUBions anior the varying [nflueoces to 
vhkih he ia sabjected. At the height of tho spot-period the mn eoems to 
he reduced in diameter, while bii eolonred aierra is deeper, and the red 
promiDoneofl nro lar^gcr than nsDa), tho reTOtso holding at the time «heo 
the vtm haa no spots or few. Of course thia is not ondomood as Implying 
a real cbwge in the (inaotity of eolar matter, hot only &a indicatiag llie 
.varying level at vhieh tho solar clond- envelope lias. We may eafoly 
awnme that these ebangea, which corrctpoud to the gi'eat spot-period, 
afibet ehiofiy the Rpot xone* which lie in the parta of tho son's globe 
ooiraspondiag to onr tomporate aoncs ; bot for the same reasonn that the 
son's globe is perfeelly sphoiical so far as moasoremeDts ean bo depended 
□pon, namely, beeaose of its relatively elow rotation — each diSerenees 
would bo too slight to he moasnrahlo. Begarding Satom, then, as we 
have already bcon compelled to do for other reasons, as rosombling tho 
tan no Car that he is in an totensely heated condition, we see ppronnds for 
believing that hiti timpenUe zones would be exposed to variations of level, 
(cloud level) which at times might bo very coDsiderable and thus dis- 
eemible from onr earth. For owing to hia rapid rotation on hifi axis, all 
saefa effects would be relatively greater than on a slowly rotating orb like 
the son ; and in &iet we recognifie this diHtinction in the great compresnon 
of Satom's globe. Moreover, if we regard tho waxing and waning of tho 
Bolar spots as aasociatod with the motions of the membors of the sun's 
&nu^, we ean well ondentond that tho members of Satom's family, which 
lie so mach nearer to him compared with his own dimensions shoatd 
prodneo more remarkable eSoots.* Bat whether this be so or not, it is 

* It mtul BOt be nnderttood that in tbn* apeaking we couitiitHiic* tb« thegiy 
tlist «ithor the plunoto prwluci ttie tun^puU, or the MtelUlx-a vt Satnru effect tbo 
tvmatljtble chknge* wa bave ticco dciJing with. Tbe rcnl rniutt fit &I1 noUr 
pheDMRQu mtiMt he KKight in tbe ran'i ovm ;;lnbe i and Salaniian pheooneoa are in 
Che naia, w* hare littla dnnbt, prodorcd bj SMtaniaa actios. Bnt even at oar 
mnoe (probably) eseru an tafloeeca oa ihe ot'correace of corlbqiiHkrs niid Tt>lcaaoM, 
mot iij bar own aUractioo directly, bat by aavirting Iho balnnco belwcvn t«TT«>trUI 
(oma, to It niay wc!) be tbat tbo plnneU tiiilirectlj' uDcct tbe ttm'a cumlitiuu, and 
tbtUlhc SatnniMO Mlvllite* erea more (.■flc^tnnllv nrt npon Sntnni. It vrooM be 
txtraincly inleicititig (u inquire wbcUicr anj eonnBetion can be traced between the 
shaBBM (if the Salnniiaii belts ami tha taotiam of hia talelUtei. Or Ibe inqmry 
nishl be more mullly, and quite u cflcctaally spplled lo JapHer and hb sjubio. 



oertftin Ihhl wh«r«ft8 thero ia nothiog inexptieable or eren tctj 
in sopposing that SKtoniun etoad-layers. resnlting from tbe wtioo of 
intense Satoiniui beat, alter greatly at times in IsTal, the oburrattoun 
have described become altogether inexplieahle, and cannot, in &d, b 
rejecied, if wo adopt the theory that Satom resembles the earth do eiaik 
ve live. 

It may bo asked whether Japiter, to vhieh planet tlie same raaMaa| 
may be applied, bos erer ebown sig&B of einular ehangee. To tUl A 
may first be replied, that we sbonld not expect Japit«T to be tStdUi k 
the same degree, sjinply beeanso tbe chief disturbing caDsea — bia wtaBtw 
and the sun — are alwaja nearly in the same lerel. owing to tbe pan* 
liarity in Jnpiter's pose to which altentioii baa alrcMlj bean direebd. 
Bat secondly, such briefly-lasting cbangM as we might «p«et to drisit 
have oecasion&lly been saepocted by observers of considenible akiU ; aai 
amongst others by the well-knowa Schroter, of Lilienthal. Bnch rha^sii 
bare eonsisied, for the most port, merely in a slight flattening of a |Mt 
of Jupiter's oatlino. Bat on one oecasion a very remarkabla phMUHMtis, 
only (bat very readily) cxplieable in this way, was witnawad by tlaes ^ 
practised obaeirers — Admiral Smyth, Professor Poarsoo, and Sr T.H 
Uaoloar — at three differoit stations. Admiral Smyth Urns deaeribsi wlalfl 
he saw :— <' On Tborsdaj, Jane 26, 182R, tbe evening being ai.liautlfV| 
fine, I was watrbing the second satellite of Jn^tar aa H gradaaQj 
Approached to trsosit Jupiter's disc. It appeared in eootaet at abort 
hnlf-paAt ten, and for some minntes remained on tbe edge of the iSar, 
proecntiag an appearance not unlifco that of tbe lonor mottntaina aofaiag 
into viow during the moon's first qaorter, ootil it finally disappearsd «B 
tbe body of tbe planet. At least twelve or tfairteeo mtaotea tnut hm 
alapndf when, accidentally taming to Jnpiter again, to my astoiiialniad 
I pemuved tbe same satellite outsiiif iht tli«/ It remained dJataM^T 
visible for at least fEkor minntes, and then tmddcniy vaoudiad I " For 
onr own pait, we oan conceive of no possible explanation of this raaadc* 
able pbcnomeooD, unless it be admitted that tbe ebaoge waa ia Iba 
apparent outline of Japiter. Of coarse, to soppose that area a tknJ^ 
layer rose or foil, in a fow miuates, mtotoI thousand miles (abool 8,000, 
if the staled times be comet), is u inadmissible as to snppoM tbe soU 
erast of a ^obe to undergo so vast a ohsoge of level ; bat notbii^ of lUa 
aeoaatioiial description is repaired. All that iroald be uoeeaaair waaU 
be Uiat an upper cloud-layer sbonid for n few minutes be dissipated tato 
vapour, either by worm carrenta, or more proliably liy a lenpofaiy 
increase of the best aapplied by Jupiter's fiery globe within tbe elmd' 
envelopes, and that a few minntes later the clouds iboold form agaJaby 
the oondensation of the vaporised matter. The ebaages in the 
the Jovian belts are often sufficieotly rapid to indicate the 
^(wisely sueh processes. 

AMooiated with such, pbenomena as wo have mentioned is the 
wo have as to the brightaau of Satan oM Jo,;iUt. U theao plaBi 



vara pflrfootly donil-eiieompaemd, vo sliotild expect tbem to shine macb 
more brigfaU; tbui Mrtb; or rock; globee of e<iaat site, siinilvly plued, 
tnd BOTTOtnided oolj nith a toanoos atmospheTa. In fact, ve Bhonld 
expect tba planets if elood-enocHnpufled to Bhine about four times u 
brightly fts tboogb they were constitated like oar moon. They would in 
thai cue, howeTer, be white planets, not only as seon by the naked eye, 
bnt vhen oxaminod with the telescope. la point of fact, they shine, 
according to the veiy carefol measnremeBta of Z(>llner, aboat ha brightly 
as thongh they vera perfectly clond-cnveloped; bni they are neither of 
them found to be white under folescopio sentliny. Bond, of America, 
says, indeed, that Jnpiter shines /onrUen times an brightly as he would 
if oonstitoted like tbo moon ; and though this is a Hnrprieing result, and 
VDold imply that some portion of Jupiter's light is certainly inhurent, it 
is woU to notice that it is confirmed by De la Boe's photographic 
researches ; for he found that a phobographio image of the moon can bo 
taken in abont two-thirds of the time rwiuired in Jopiter's case, whereas 
the moon sboold require but a iw«nty-fiAh of the time required by 
Jupiter, if her reflecting power w«ro equal to hb, ainee Japitcr is five 
times as far away from the sun. It would follow trom this that Jupiter 
shioei nearly seventeeu times as brightly as he would if he were coostifated 
like the moon. Taking the lowest estimate, bowever, we find that both 
Satom and Jupiter shine much more brighU; than planets of equal sizo 
and aiffiilarly placed, but having a surface formed of any kind of earth or 
TOtk known to us. And taking into aocoont the well-marked colonra of 
kheoe planets, it follows as an almost demonstmted fsei that eoeh shioefl 
with no inconsiderable proportion of inherent light.* 

Bo soon as wo riew Saturn as a globe intensely heated, and the scene 
of &ICGS of enormous energy, we are compelled to dismiss tho idea that 
]t« is tho abode of life. But singolarly enough, this conclusion, which 
was rejected by Browatcr as rendering apparently uninteUigible the 
ozistenee of so targe and massive an orb, girl about by a system ao 
complex and beautiful, does in reality at once present, in an explieable 
aspeet, not merely the vast bulk of Saturn hiaiSDlf, but the scheme over 
which he bears sway ; for, as it seems to us, not tho least of the objec- 
tions against the theory that Saturn is an inhabited world, is found in the 
UBOleas wealth of material exhibited, on that fiuppoeition, in hla ring 
system and family of satellites. It is very well to grow raptorons, as 
many besides Brewster and Chalmers have done, over the beaoty of the 

* t mi^ take u eqaallj canvincing jmot of Ibe inttuMilj hnted onditiaD of 
ikHa (iant planeia Uie fKt that ihe tbodoirH of the nearer MtelllU*, which Uicareti. 
caUy thoold b« bUck, hft*e Mmtiimtt been kch to be gnj, mi neTcr kppcsr lo be 
nocb daikor than the fonrth aatclltte ia tronsit. And u n>Bi«icnt proof of the 
(nat depth of Jnjilter'a atmoqthere, I could take the fart thitt aometimt* two 
•hadowi bare been tc«B both beloDBiing to the mbk utellite. However, It would 
nqain more space than can here be spared to iliow tho fone of then fiieta. I renind 
tbo imitt tJiat nh«taver It proved respeeUog the ooodltioa of Jopiter, raiy be n- 
guiai M$ nadend pnbabh pt Usbnther giant, Satoin 


Satnnuui Bklcs, iDnminiiied hy so ma,nj ntollitm uad br ibe glorioa 
'rings ; am) it U v«ry proper, no doobt, for those who «o n«w SitnA 
'Bjstem to dwell ailmiriD^^lT on Uio beaefie^nca irltb which •& fta 
Vbanduici] of rcUccted light has beea provided, to make up ts ftl 
itarmans for Lha amnll &motuit of light and heat which iher nt^ 
am the snn. But nnrorlaaatf>ly for this war of Wcwuig the nuttrr. Hi 
kt«Uitea and rings do cot b^ anj m«aua Eabserve the pni pcwf Un 
iBcribcd to them. Eren if al] tho iateUit«s ooold bo full together, thij 
routd not supply a sixtoonth part of the Ugbt which wo reorim fna on 
ill moon ; and tiaj eamiot eveu appear very beaatiTal wh*n w« ««• 
Rider thnt tho AppaT«nt brightoeeB of their Bnrfaco nn bo bnt about mt- 
letieth of the brigbtDOss of oar moon'fl. As for tfao rings, so Car faa 
appearing to be coatnved speciaUj for the advantage of Satuxnian bebp, 
theae rings, if Batoni urciu inhabited, wonld be tho most mischieron laA 
iDiiOQTcnieot appendages poesible. Thej fruold give tight dortog Ai 
snmmer nigbld, indeed, when light whs little wanted, thoa^ ertatfl 
Bcrri«o wootd be coontoractod by the cireamstanee thai at mi&iighl Ai 
ODormoas shadow of the pbmet woold hide tho greater part of tba ria^ 
Bnt it is in winter tlat the rings would act mogt tDCOaTemaBtty^; for 
thoD, Jasi at tho season vhon tho Satomians would moat nqmrn h 
additional sopplv of light and heat, the rings would cat off for extaihi 
n^oae od tiatiu-D the whole of tho solar light and beat which mtfi 
otherwise bo reooiTed. Dr. Lardncr was qnito misUkon in nppe^ 
(after a cursor; examination of tho mathemalicul roktions inrolTtd) IM 
the eclijiMA so prodneed woold be but partial. His otg'ttct was oxo^fd^ 
ebeo ho soaght to show that " tho infloito akiU of tho Great Arthiterf of 
tho ouiTerse has not pomiittcd that the stnpcndoos aaonlar oppsadafiit 
the UAOfl of which still remain andiseorered, fliould be the eattae Of ioch 
darbnesa and deflation to the inhabitanta of the planet, and mA n 
BggraTation of the rigours of their fifteen j'eara' winter," as wonld 
from eelipaea lasting many months or even jears is cntcessiaD. 0ttt 
most not endenTonr to strengthen faith in the wisdom of the A?qiitfi*y 1 
means of &lso mathematics. So soon as the sabjeet ii rigorooslj 
ve find tbftt Sir John Uerschel was qnite right in bia original at 
on this sabjeet. Tho present writer pnblisbcd, in 1605| a lalmlari 
mout of the length of time daring which (according to ri^d -"'V— '*"* I 
ealcnlations) the oclipMcs produced by the rings Uat in diflfarcot Katurafes 
latitudes. Tho fnllowing (jaotfltioQ from the work in whirfa this 
appeared will serve to show that tho partial doily eolipaes conoeired 
Ludner are rery tu from tba truth, or rather an only a port, and a 
small part, of the truth :— " lu tatitndo 40 degiecfl (oorlh or anrtb), 
eclipses be^ when nearly three years have elapsed from tho time of the 
autnmnal equinox. The uomii^ and evening eclipses cootinae for moct 
than a year, gradooUy extending until the sun is eclipsed during Om\ 
•whole da/. These totsi ecUpaia oouUnuo to tho «iutur solaliee. and fen 
» cafTBffpODding period alUi Kbm -walyet wAiAkA', \& lii, %br ^ 



286 day«, at 5,S18 Sutamian rluvH. TIiIk period ia follov«d by more 
thu a year of morniiig aod evoDuig eclipHOS. Tbo total poriod doriiig 
which ocUpMa of ona kind or another Ukc place is bo less lliiui 8 years, 
S93 days. If wo romdmber that latitade 40 degrees oa Sntnm com- 
iposds with the Iititudo of Madrid oa oar earth, H will bo Eceo bow 
lurgcljr tfao ring!! mast iadncQCO tho conditioru of habitability of Saltmi's 
g]obe. eonsiderod mtli rofcreccc to tlio wants of boinga eonsUtnted liko 
th9 mhabiUots of oar earth." * In the presence of such beta aa theso, 
wo nmy follow Sir John Horschdl in saying, that " tee ahonld do wrong 
to judge of the fitness cw imfitneee of th« amutgotnenta deseribed, from 
what we see around ub, wlion perhaps the rory combumtioQS which oonrey 
to DOT minds only imAgOfl of horror may ho in reality thcAtros of tho moat 
striking and glorions displayn of bcneDcuot contriTiuico." Bat wo do veD 
to cxorciso our minds in oatioiring how this may bo ; and, as it nppeara 
Id OS, (he views which have been advocated iu this essay at once afford 
an answer to this enqoiry. We aro ianght to sec in tho Satamiim 
satellilos a family of worlds dopendont on him, iu tho samo way that the 
mamben of tho solar family oru depondent on tho son. Wo see that 
thon^ the 8at«llito9 caq supply SAtum vntix very Littlo light, ho can 
supply tbem, whulhor by reBeelion or by inherent luminosity, with much. 
And lastly, we see that tho ring system (which has been shown to con* 
tbA of a mnhitnde of unall bodies, each traTelling in its own eonrsc), whilo 
nomng no ineonveuiuDCo by eclipsing parts of Hutum, may not improbably 
serve highly important pnrposefl by muntaining an incessant downfall of 
mefcoorio matter npon bis suriitce, and thus snstaimng tho Satamian heat, 
in ft manner not unliko that iu which it ie now generally believed that a 
portion at least of the sun's heat-supply is maintained by the foil of 
inlorplimctory meteors. In fine, wo see in Satnm and bis system 
a miniature, and • etngalarly tmthful niiuialurc, of the solar system. In 
one syst«m, as in the other, there is a central oib, far surpassing all tfao 
members of the system iu bulk and mass ; in each system there aro 
eight oriis circling anmnd the eonlnil body ; and lastly, each s^'stem 
its, eloso by tho e(>ntml orb, a multitude of discrete bodies — tho 
light in the solar system, and the scheme of rings in tho 
grninn srstom — doubtlt^a sobserring important though as yet un- 
porpoees In iho economy of tho systems to which they belong. 

■ As Ibis ittseiee Imb been iiaoted aearty mfiaffM, and wlt&ottt atijr imt of 
■ekoowlvilgiBMit, in n campiUtioa aa Elntnlary A$tTt>mm^ nczaMy [•ubli>1>ed, 
tlig prenat writer, that lia ihav uul be uiH)i«cted of pli^^aiinn, reotims to ^iat out 
[bet it U lufl ba ntiv ia Uiu l>urivwtr. 

•• /I viU eomt. 

" Alroftd; we hare seen Uie bandwiiting oa Uio waIL InMiMtJ 
gonmmonts, seif-seektDg offictalSt &iia<3u]eut capitoUitts, \hvy ma; |Mt 
off the day of rMkumig, ia which the whole social fahrie shmD toller nd 
enimhie away, and men wimdor that Baeb a hollow thing ahovU km 
Rtood flO long ; but Lbe day mast come. 

"Aye I But when? How many agaa of igDonmc« and iqfflifiM 
mast first pasa orer na ? bow many tbonaanda perish of want f aod bat 
maoy live ont a life little bettor than a prolonged dcalb atra^le ? " 

This was my midnight rererie. Mochame^aUy I took ap a oewip^e; 
but it WHS one symptom of the attack of Communism- on -the-brais ante 
which I waa lubouriog that, look wboro I would dowu IhoAe Dolanni, I 
saw nothing hot those nckemog paragrapha giving an acooanl flf tbi 
amount of dcstitation at piesont cxiating in London, and alwaji nda tf 
side with those, to me jutit as Btckontog, stating that the late So<aDd-8aii 
will bad been proTed, aad the peraooalty sworn imder 2,000,000^ I VHA 
I turn to the Law Conrta, I was snre to mark bow, in oii«, aMkt 
wretched street Arab had been acutencad to six moutba for petty tarany. 
in another, the Honourable bankrupt's liabilities bad been laid at SO.OOQL 
— no asBctB — bankrupt discharged. Bo much (or " the times " and tbar 
equity. "And still mui oan wcmder at tbo diaeunteiit, and still Ifaa «y 
gnea up in rain, aud will, UU the millions shall fool their streogth and 1^^ 
handB on all those rights, bo long, bo skilfully monopolized by the mtiti. 

" But the moaoa I How maoy mora Froneh rerolationa and 
and magsacres ? How many rictims must fall to ignorauco and 
and pr^adice ? bow much horcHam be wasted on bolh sides o» OoB' 
muniam become more than a mere name— -a njgblauuv to some, a day* 
dream to others ? Only our ebildreo's ebildren'a cbildr«n wiU kocnr 
this t " " Z beg your pe^on/* said a Toiea at my elbow. 

Starting, for I bad tbooght myaelf akns in my atudy, I tonuj, and 
flaw a stranger. He waa dail iu what I will call a togn, and oaniod altat 
I will call a wand. (Bnt, on the back and in the hand of a **Tftnii*B 
cbarobwarden, we fiboold call the fiiat ** eassookf" and Dm aaenad, 
' poker.") " Bir 1 " I utter*d, amazed. 

" You were bedding forth on the aulycet so many prata about, so Svw 
onderfftaod— Commmtisia. Do you mean to aay that yon balong to tba 
fov who hare V(m principles really at heatl ? " 

"i aa one of iboae aafcnrtaiAJw v^mcma," \ ve^i^ 


nsiOH OF OOMttrraiBtf : a OfiOTSSQTTB. 

" Wlio and what axo j-oa ? Have f oa eotaa hiQaa to mook me as b 
[ political dreamer of dreams ? " 

Nothisg of tho sort ; 1 eoma firom a oontontod city ; a citj of liberty, 

it;*, and fratonu^. If you like I will take yoa to eee ;oar ideal nal- 

lomfort for the miUioD, in a Uod whore all go shiuei ib liappinesa." 

I had read Dante, Fnusi, and TV Coming Rae«. I saw the 

BJtaatioD at a glance. Here was a messeoger from anothor sphere, 

ofleriog to iiiitiat«» me into the mjateriefl of the ntpemataral, 

"Are you Vifgil?" I ashed, sorrowfully, and Hhoking my bead. 
" If BO, you wou't do for me. I never trouble my head more than I can 
h«lp about the atrtiDgemenba of Paradise, Purgatory, or Pandemooiam. 
Am yOQ Mephistophelea ? If eo, I ebiui't do for you. I am a philan- 
thropist, and you cannot tempt me. Do you come irom the Vhl Ya 7 
Can Tril, wliich may very Ukely norer bo disco^oied after all, take off 
one jot from the iHKiial misery of 1378 ? " 

" IVe 00 connection with the parties," he replied, drily: "I'm 
a plain nineteenth-centut^ man, and here's my card — laotcs, late Manager 
of the Grand Oommonist Company, nnlimifod." 

" taSt," I repeated. " Which \a dufunct, you or the Commune 7 " 
"Oh, neither; the manager, not tho man, is no more— now the 
Commune is sclf-sapportiog at last." 
" Bnt where is your state ? " 

" Ah I Out company don't adverttse. Were the Co&udquc thrown 
open lo the pnblio, rogues from the opposite pohtical party would get in, 
and — such is their venomoas hatri'd for the prineiplcs of eqooUty and 
jostico — more heaTeo and earth lu eow discord among as, undermine oiu 
system, and bring about its rain. In you, blind, backward, pngudioed 
Uiongh yoQ are, I see an honest thorough-gobg leveller. Wo have no 
objection to such as you inBpecting our csUbUBliment." 
" Have yon had many visitors ? " 

" None. We faavQ juiit gut oar state into good working order, and in 
consideration of inj services as manager, I am ofBciatly selected to show 
the Commane to ffoch oatciders as I find worthy. You are tho ^t I 
have foond." The very first I My heart bounded. I thought of tho 
leaderB I woold m-itc, the pamphlets, the essays. What a txeasure I 
Bhonld be to all the editors in London. 
" Will you Tonturo ? " ho askod. 

" That I will," said I solemnly, clasping his offered palm. 
He took bold of my arm, aoying, " The faro for the trip is ten ponnds, 
and there ore do extra fees." 


1 bad nerved myself for a strange and fearful voyage. I was prepared to 
eDBonntor mnrky shades and Stygian rivers, to be shot down the shaft of 
a mine, or wafted aloft on an a<:-nal excurnon to tho moon, like the 
advvoturers in " Babil and Bijou." Great was my surprise, and deep my 
bt disappointment, vhm my guide took, nn i& % «nsaao& «i&k\A % 


k VISION OF ooMtfinnsii : k obotbsqi 

railway aUtioo. and thmoe into & trun, with aothisg renarfcaWf «hMt& 
except tUikt HO woro the only pAeeaogen. 

TLeo I Uiink 1 mtut lura slept. Vfheu I ronsod tojeelf it «M koil 
i%y. Wo were puaing thioagh a fina open coontry. Tliez«, offatk 
me, sat my gniilo smoldiig a cigar, with a self-complteeiit inpiMUa m. 
"Tell me, Isofos," I begui bj-snd-by, "bow yoQ raecwdid a 
solTing tho SMinl problem tliRt pnzslos onr longcst-hM^fld iUtenMcf ' 
' "Pazzlo Ihem? Staff I " be replied. "WfaAB tiio regoeBlcflbD 
long hoads tog«t1ier, be tmre It's not to find oat bow to boItc tbe ;&«■&«, 
bat bow to make it ioBolralik'. Bat for their Uea aod txicJu 7011 taj^ 
hare kept pace vitb os. Commuiuam, as you and they usdentsnd i, a 
' a rery old stor; — mere boy's play. Why vo began it twv&tj jrtws 4|ik 
when wo started our State. Started with Sim[J« Communism." 

" la there then," I a«ked, miMly, " each a tbing ks oompomi Ob* 
munism?" "That's the vdiy pcnnt I'm coming to. As for lb* Bii* 
question of Labour varms Capital, it's hc«a long settled Among w; tat 
Chero you uc. still blokoring aboat Bueh simple affiun ki (bo distnbdki 
of land, 8tock, and so forth. Why, ve look on prirato prvfmfy— 
inl)oHdhcd by na twenty ye-ara ngo — as yoa may on negto alavMy, Ai 
Com Laws, and olhor exploded abasM." 

" Twenty yoArs of perfect Commonism I " I exclaimed, zmptnro&aly. 
" Not so East. Wo had made a beginning, leamt oor ABC, aad tkit 
waa all. In point of iact tbe difliarGitoo it made was sligbL Tbe man 
3gent tho laxTs, the more certain they wore to be brokon. Men kepi 
laking fortnoes nnder the rose, and there was no stoppiog 
iving or bands fivm taking. Comfort and misery Boemcd 
inevonly distiibnted as OTor. Som« fellows lired in clover, otfai 

a ditch. Sc>me were woi«hippcd and fiattarod, others panwealod 
trodden down. Endently tbero was a bitcb in tbo Commnna, 
spread among the Rhareho1der«, and we bad a roagh job to WMtblff 
erieia. Bat this Grst eiperimeot bod opcnod some of onr ejw$ to 
Jltombling (rtt'De— tbe root of the evil." " 

•* And where did yoa find that it Uy ? " 
■ " In Katoi«." 

" Ah," I ftigbcd, " in Origmal Sin." 

^ ■* Nothing of tbo sort. In the Iniijoltoos Origioal Diriaioo of Fo- 

sonal Stock." ■ 

"Eh?" ^ 

'■ I'll make it plain to yon in few word*. There, in oor SUr, tU 

sneh priratc properly as Innd, mnney, and mnrketablo eomiaoditti 

now public, bnt on mouopulieis of Natnro's giAs not tbosmaUeatcba^ 

laid. Tho onomnly's monstrous «higi yoa s«e iW" 

" Well," said I, " but uDfortanatily II10 ),'illa of Nalorv an »t tbio^ 
yon can put into a common pam' iu which overy one is to go 
'I H[K)kc Jostingly, bnt Tiotes looked pArfwtly aerioos, and wat 1 
•xplaiu, wbcn tbo train dreir op nl a KtatJoo. 

" Ben we are," aaid be, " kl Vho Onnami» v^n^tu Itha^f.' 

A VISION or couvusisu : a obotbsque. 


Am ve wal)i«d dowo from the sUtioo to ft Urge tLrivmg loobiog oitj, 
fhe obeaired, — "I hare sketched out yonrtlaj, so tbatyoaahall not wobIo 
lime, first I'll take joa rooud tlie town, just stoppiog to cast a glance 
at the colleges, b&lla, and public boildingfl, Tben yoa shall come to mj 
lioase, dine with mo, and, in the evening, I'll take joa to a pri^'ate boU. 
I vrtut you tlinB to get a general notion of our social system, and we can 
take ibe details to-morrow>" 


Vfo b^an witb tbe Collega. Of my first ImpnBmons of ibo town I say 
nothing, Giudiug noLbtng to isjiy. The liooses were all of medioin size, 
and fae-nmilca of each other. I wa« going to make a not*! o£ the tmpleas- 
ing moDolony of the cfiTcct, bnt I obaorved tho absonco of deno and horels 
each as disgrace oar metropolis, and lot it pass. 

The College, a large, symmetrical building, siood a little apart Crom 
the town. The rost playgroonds wero swarming with yonthfdl Com> 
monists. it was nith some emotion that 1 watched the isports of these 
boys. IJttIo, probably, did they reek of tlicir privileges, birth in this 
eatable realm, and on cdncntiou froo bom the dangers of onr pnblio 
eoUe(^, tboso Utile monarchies, ^ith all monazcby's abuses In niiniatoro 
I — 'bnltying for tho weak, lioenso for the ntrong, flattery for the rich and 
UUad. laotes nnd I stood watching a cricket match. Somo of tho 
playen. big, boily fellows, Boomed curiously clumsy and stupid, tho rest 
were nimlJu and slulful, bnt fe«blo nod puny, and I thought Ibe game 
logged. Near mc, a youth of uncommoQly poworful build lay stretched 
lazily on tho grass, looking on. I accosted him, and askod when ho was 
going to tako his innings. 

"I never play cricket," ho replied. "It's bad for mo. Can't yoq 
see how tmfortonatoly ttrong I am ? Feel my arm." 

'* Well,*' said I, " with those muscles of yoars, I shoiihl hope yon'-d 
80on b^t the awkward s^uad yonder, and eond the ball dying well over 
the College roof." 

As I epake, ImI^s drew me forcibly away. '* Mind what yon 're about, 
pleaoe," said be, sharply, " I shall hava to answer for the mtscondnct of 
tho visitors 1 bring over. Itccolloct, you're not at Eton or Barrow. Tho 
College rules with regard to athletic games ore these : — Boys whoso stock 
of oatoral strength and agility shall eieood the arerago are forbidden to 
practice them and bocome proftcieols. Whoro the excess of physical 
power is extreme, the boy is forbidden to take part in them at all. This 
is in order that all those who do play may bo nearly on a par." 

" Bat what ttuoe affairs your giinica mnat always bo." 

** Throw tho competition open to a largo (cchool, yon will always find 
that sj' ' *' ilozcD will ontidiine all Ibo rest, and bo worsbijipctl as 
Lorovx: And why ? Decannc ibey are honcot and dt?««rving 7 

Ka. Bccaoae thej obanec to bo horn to an exorbitant amonnt of prirata 
property — brawny arms, broad chests, long legs, qoiok sight. Is this a 
cauao why a )uath, Uko you Und and wat^'i giants, should uaka oiawi^^ 


A TiBios OT comitinsM : A oBOTtaqm 

be talked about and havd half a noK^iapar «olomo devoted to lorn lal 
his czploitti ? What is to become of the weaker, the panj, tlw Aot 
vinded brethrim 7 But grout practim and iikilt ta the weak, oad tut U 
the strong, ftnd yoa bring tho two p&rtios on a lovel." 

To this I had nothing to reply. Ee uoxt took mo into the gjmamm, 
where we found Bucb a sickly looking net of b<^, that I aaked, in foea 
alaim, if the aite of the etdlego were a healthy one. 

" Cneommonly so. The redistribution of the wealth of health, a «■; 
dolicate job, too, baa been carried oat with ligniJ saccess. Kot a bi^ 
leaves school of whom it eon be sud that he has a purtienliu-ly rtibast ari 
partionJnrly iibaky constitution. Wu have a sanitary standard, the Iq^«l 
. to which it is posiiblo, by dint of care and oxemsoa. to raise the wmUj 
riwys. Xbo redaotion to it of the over-heoJthy is a eompanlinly e^ 
task, but quite necessary. There is no privilege that gives a man nd 
an nndae advantage OTcr hts neic^bonra us the poeaeasioa of the lioc'i 
shnre of healQi." 

We were now entering the schoolroom, nbere a Damb«r of little Cmd- 
. Buinists were receiving instraction m tho Latin tnoga*. I aotieodoM 
;ht-eyed, sharp-looking follow, sitting by himself mnnehlng a 
apple. I patted him on the head, and asked him the Latin for appU. 

" I've not begun IaUii," be enid. 

" Kot yet ?" (Ho looked tbirtoeo, or more.) 

" No, and I'm half a£raid 1 shan't. Yoa know, I'm a maosbtmlj 
clover fellow." 

■■ Indeed ; then what can yon do ?"' 

" Read ; and I'm soon to learn writing, if I don't get on too CMt" 

I took the cx-maoager aside, and asked if the yotug ^saUaBaa «at 
oat of his mind. Isfltes Uugbcd. 

" That boy is what ym call a genJas — tre a little totoUeetaal ailBiii- 
aire. Hia parents never foond it out. It was one of the inaalMa hif« 
who first deleeted in him a private board of qaicknets and IntelfiffBBM 
which, dtiverly invested, would one day faaTo enabled bim to boy op tbt 
whole college, masters isoluded. The same allowance of teaehing and bnia 
culture that his aehoolfellows receive would bring htm in extra profit at 
||he rate of 200 per cost. But by keeping him bock, and careAiIly check- 
ig his activity of mind, we cut down bis net mental income to theamift 
i, and prevent his m^uat promotion over the mass." 

" But tbo Injustice to the boy himself I" 

'* He is well off enough." 

" But must foil short of what he might bava boon." 

" Which makes him oi]ual with the others. There ia a oerlidB 
up to which all boys, not positively deficient, can be edoeatod. 
with ready wits, good memories, and superior powers at npplieatian ahonU 
bo kept by artificial means &om rising shore iL BhaU tho boy wbo laras 
slowly and hardly bo branded as a dunce, because that despot, Natarfr, 
haa treated him Ul ? BhaU the natorally apt, the keen, the asgariw. 
inmpJo on the natonll} obtuie t ^qVAlctu \a^^ (:AN&»n3w&." 





Here ia Uie Conunone, as I was brgionuig to onderstajid, they ouder* 
took to let even Ntttm to ligfats, uni lifo was a huidleap noe. 


Afl wo w«nt oat into the strut, the first words tbat Isotos let drop eon- 
founded mo qnitti. 

"Ah," liQ said, cftrobsdj, "here cornea Ibe ^Iar()mg; I'll introdaco 
yoo, if yon like." 

" Marquis," I repented, ftgbast. 

" Yee ; the Mwtiniii of Caralibaii." 

" And jon call this a Commnne ?" 

" Why not ? Beeanfle wa bai-e oar aristocracy 9" 

'* It's flatly abimrd. The very notion of socb an institntion is contrary 
to ibe first principles oi eqnality." 

"Tu talk like a ooTiRe, whobasD't got beyond tlie first prinoiples. 
Yoa have ererytbiog y«t to learn. Look tbere." 

A little bnnebback was riding towards as. Ho was magnifieontly 
dressed (a great contrast in this respect to tbo otbor male eittxeos, wbo 
nil iFore plain clotbes — rery plain clotbee), and was mounted on a 
fine tboronghbrod. 

"Tbat's his Grace," said IsotOB, bowing politely. " In the Commiino 
all cripples are barons, blind men earls, dwau-fs marquises, Oiid so on. 
Titles rising with the gravity of the natural defect. Yoa see these people 
are bom to a heritage of Bcoro. Fur a long time we really did cot know 
what to do with tbem, and once they revolted, saying that it was flatly 
abenrd, in a Commooo, for men to start in life at such a dlBadranbtgo aa 
they did. Now» we could not reduce the whole state to their level, and 
■o MiDobnily propoeed to exterminale oU the iocomblue, but tbat mcasnre 
was rojeded as too inhuman. It was a laeky hit, this raising thorn Into a, 
Qobili^. Before, they were always gnunbting. Bat this gaarantees them 
B share of that respect which is every honest man's dne, and of which 
natore deprrred them &om their birth. The street boys used to langh 
at Cambbas. They don't dare, now that ho has got his coronet and 
ermine mantle." A citisen was pasaiiiK et this moment, and stopped to 
ahakc htais with Isotes, wbo accosted him at the top of his voice — 

" Well— did you get the order ? " 

*'Bemanded for a inontb," was the. reply. "I most pass another 
examination. I'm not given np yet." 

" That gentleman," my ciceruno explained, " has lately become very 
deaf. He applied for an order " 

•'For the hospital?" 
No, no ; Ebx an order of knighthood. Bot they don't think the 
bad CQOogh at present. Should it become oonfirmed ho will be 
dnbbod immediately." 

I made no eomment. Bot the pictore (bal arose before mo of a Hoose 
of Lords Ihna eonstilntcd, was so droll, that I fell Into ik&VolW^i&isc. 

nw. ssna. — noi IGS. \%. 


dinner I BUrtod intli IboIm for Uie bull be bad promued to talcs : 
As «e vent I seiud tbe oppoitasity of boing akiQa wilb hm Is i 
gntolate him on bis ebaming son and doogbter. 

Ha told me tbey bad given tbo Commune a worUl of troobU. I 
eadowod, botb of Ibem, with parta of ootrageons Tmlna, eqieewttjr iU.' 
vbo, ftt Ibe ago of bU, eompofled Tones and plajud like an aogd tt Ai 
piano. Of couno bo waa forbidden to luam muaie, and hii tifafrfo 
has bMD most earefiiU; DOg]e«t«d. At aiztocD ho mu taken with aln^ 
Btammer which had Sfvand mattera (o soma dcgroa. Bnt bs had ifl tk 
be watchod. For a vuspidon had bMQ spread that the '^■TuriT «■ 
all a abam. pnt on to order that hs mi^t bo allowod to dine onL. 

" To dioe out ? " 

" Abdl boa a good deal of WDTanallon, and a lafgv fond of wit 

" A ver; agneablo feUuv to meet at dinnert" 

" Yes, but in tbo Commune very a^aesble feOowa an not aOvMl 
to dine out. Tbej an go apt to moDopoUzo the IsTitalioiia. I kao 
men in Londoa who might posilivoly chooso for thnmanlTfia. n{^ ate 
ni^bt, at wbove table they wonld dine ; whiU for othen aa •vaafaf bm 
home TftA ft rare and blessed event. Katoral social gifia, snch aa AWi, 
must bo bridlod. Klae, Iho owuoi'a grow roceiptg of aoeial plcaam vffl k 
for in adrancfl of those of the majority of his feltow-tDan, wfa 
incomes are derived &om loss prodoctivo Boarc«e." 


iiy ipirits, which had been a little damped by tbo pnrwss 
rose aa we Hitered the ball-room. I delight in daocbg, and wi 
to oematom myself to the effoct of the Costame Laws. Intrododiaai; 
said Isotee, wero not considered oeceasaiy at a baQ. Bo I walked «p aa- 
bfwitaHngly to a joong and tolerahlj oico-looking ^1, and reqaeabd 0> 
bonoor of a dance. She almost bounded &om her ehair with arapriss, «r 
indignation, or botb. 

" Why, I'm only aavenieen. Barely I don'i look mora than that I "[ 

"A charming age," I replied, galJaolly. *' Sweet avmnlecu, may' 
bare the pleaaore ? " 

She turned to hor ebapcron with a look of dismay I timU Dtfvarfat]^: 
bat the old lady smiled on mo benignly. 

** The gentleman is a stranger. I have beard all abool him. &t 
down." she added, to mo, '*yoa may talk to ny dangbter, tboa^ ibt 
may not dance. In tbe Commuiie, no girl ever doM, tilt aba is pm^ Bnr 
and- twenty." 

" But why, madam, why ? " 

" It ii a aet'Off to the exaggerated profit afforded to youth and 
oesa aad daniod to steriing worth and expcrionee. Wo paaaod 
law to qniet (be spinsters. They brought a petition eomplaimsg that J 
Dsither the digaliied position of married women, nor tbo attractiaoa 



ieajr\j girlhood, they were aafalrl; plsred. The grievuieo vas proTod. 
Tbift rulo uid a few others of the ssmo sort vera passed in Utoir fuTOor, 
and htre worked very well, for there hare bMO no oomplAiDtfl bidm." 

Of all tho abenatioDB of jnaliee I biul jet witaosBod ihia Beemed to 
me the moBt prepoetorcms. 'Unable to disgimie my feeUags, I left th« 

■room io a hiifT, withoot a word to Isotes. and walked straight ba«k to his 
hoaao, tryinf; to iriTent some exenso for my sodden flight. As I moaoted 

I the BtUTB I beard the ntotit eiqaimto eoouds st«aliiig from th« drawing- 

t room. X opened the door softlT, entered on tiptoe, and there remained, 
rooted to the spot hj the chuming sight that met my eyes. Eva, rid of 
her jnS, cap, and spectacles, looking as lovely as a cherubim, sat at the 
piano, ainging. Beside her stood Abel, listening, entraneed. She touched 
the notes with an ontntorod hand, hot her voice, though qoite mitrauwd, 
was beantifnl — past description —rich, full, and flawUfls. As I listened, 
tean of dob'ght rose to my eyes, and I ottered an inTolnnlary " BraTis- 
simal " Eva Jumped np, and on seeing me, gave a piereiiig ehriek. 

I "Don't be frightened," I implored. "That song again, Etb. My 
ehild, joa hsTe the most giorioaa roire in the world. Take care of it, 
cnlUvato it well, and one day yon will he the delight of natioos," I 
conelnded, with ttnlhosiBBm. 

" What do you mean ? " she cried. " Please, please don't tell. Only 
papa knows, and he snya there's no harm in it if I never alog ; and I 
Duver do, except to Abel. But the Commune would not tmst me, and, if 
they knew, I might haTO to do something disagreeable. For there's no 
kind of properly on which they keep so strict s watch as on fine YtAeea." 

"And Uiey are quite right," broke iu Abel. "IVe been told that 
in London people will sometimes give fire guineas to hear one, and that 
the fiaaet singers are bribed to appear, at the rate of tvo or three hundred 
pounds poz night, and have bouquets and jewels aboweied on them 
bemdes ; white the others, who work twice as hard* get wretchedly low 
wages. Is it true ? " 
I owned that it was. 
" Shame on the pablic who will pay tribute to a certain formation of 

) the throat or the ear I Is it ool infamous that favoors shonld go, for so 

'hollow a reasOQ, to many who liavo done ootbing to earn them ? " 

■* Era — Ahol," I exclaimed, '■ Uicao are wild ravings. Infatoatod 
ehildroD — to shackle and spoil the gifts of ProTidonco in this barbarous 
way. Come with me, aod let us tly to my coontry. There, Abel, yon 
wiU be a poet, lookiid up to and loved by the best in the land. You, Eva, 
will throw FatLi aud Nilsson in the shade, and have all London at yoor 
feet. There the ronds to perfection and honour are open, and yon may 
hope for eronrthing." 

iUiother shriek from Evn, and I felt a hand on my shoulder. Toraing 
roond I saw Isotes. Ue was looking at me reproacbfully, more in pity 
than in anger. 

" Btzaoger, I arrest yon is the name of the Commune." 



ThatTOiynigMI vaBbioQgbtnpibrpretitninarf examSaalian 
magistnles, cborgetl witb tt^'iog to oonupt Iba yoDlh of Um 
and entice Uiem Bvay from Uioir bc>mM. 

I liwl no time to prapare my defeace. All X could do vu lo tw^ 
Qm qtuetioQa m a 8tnughU6rwiird Dtuuiar, nod as Um inquii; procwU. 
mj uuw«t8 wtuDod to slip out uuawu«t. 

" You won) adnutted to the Conimuius as A rtaitor 9" "I mu. 
"Bataaatmo eoDTert to tbo priQciploe of Ubextj uid eipab^i' 
[•• Cartainly." 

And can yon deny thai horo the lots or all nwro are, ai naul} a 
possible, fr^uaiiiHtd? " " Ko." 

" YoQ wuo tokoQ in tbo act of oDdArminin]; the prineiploa jtM pnrfi M ? ' 

" No— protABtiiig ngainst tbo BP^noBtiatioii of saporior aitiitie pema 

" Supcriut I Suporior powers can only bototig to u iaw, and if aBnad 

.free play, enable a few to lift op their beads oTor \h« maawa. Wb« 

■becomos of equality ? " " Vdq go too far. Take vealtli, laakttial mallk 

iuto your liandB to be dealt rial for ibe public good, but atop tbatm.^ 

llioy looked at eacb oLber iritb amusement. " Dou't joa. peitOT^J^ 
said one, " tbat tbia Mnag/uneLi enbances eoonnoualjf the valaa at ^| 
itpital of beautj', intollect. or iuugiaatioa 7 Other tbit^jB boii^ eqBM^ 
rhiil chance h«ru bvluw has a blockhcfld [^auiBt a mas of KC'iiioe 7 
" But your system ia unnaturrJ. 

"Tbat we allow. If all ama wczo bom fnw and oquai. our U 
rnuld not be necessary. But the 8ayiu{> is a falsehood. AU aett 
Bom depcodcDt on each other, and do two ore equal. It is iba ^mj 
l-of our State to hafo done away with native dispantias, and 
lifhings to OQO standard." 

« " A standard of mediocrity," I cried, " which none aro to hare 
of passing. If all miut be alike, and uot all can bo fint-rat«. uooe 
first-rato, and what becomes of rvrfeelion ? " At Lhts all the tna^iftniita 

io diamay, with an outcry, " What was that word 7 Repeat il." 
f, " Yes," 1 persisted, " that you mosl own. It is a mijwnhW sotasly 
that is fonodod ou iielfiiib principles «lu&e, and not on ehati^ lo aD 
and hoDoor for what ta good and great in natora and ntstt. As for ns. 
I can bear the sight of my betters in fortase, hoaonr wh«r« hoa^c 
U dne* aspire and hope for myself. If need bo, let <f&ii star 
differ from another in ^ry. But do not bai the «ay to uxcellonea. bseaoas 
greatness is easier for some than for othen. Foe iVrfeotion is the gpal 
all aro to run for, though few can roceiro the prixe." 

At the word pDr&ction, tbero arose such au uproar u compIeCaJy 
awned my vuico. 1 was seized, hustled out of the roum into the 
ed to tlio railway -station and put Into a apeeiol train. Josi as 
started I full asleep, cihauslad. I swoko in my atody, xvp 
" Porfoction is the goal all are to nm for, thuogb bw caa reosira tha pnss- 



.re a^S^I 
MODS can bfl 


\tu\\ mib t^t %mi-st:tlh. 

XaEAK ii an niuloDiniitc faiemfttioo ia p&BtonU miuic, id emock-frodu, in 
porclii-ii with grcou curUuus of leaf mid UitidrU to fihiule Lbo gluru of the 
aamiacr'K day. Xlioeft prvtty i<Ui villuguit. wliat«rer Uivir hidden UtifocLa 
vaj be, bare at le^t lh« imiccoDt clianni of confiding lattice, arched 
clin-lott^, nod babbling oticaniletij. Purbape tbo dear iratcr rafibea 
luidor a wooden bridge, washing bv the Doctor's garden wall, and 
pasl the *i]1ag« gFG«D (sbtulj with iU anci«nt elms, beneath which tb« 
chiMroD plaj and the eldftis stretch their tired Umbe), and thea tmvclB 
on into green aammiu-y dolls of dcmatie luid willow light. In fuadid 
eoonlriflt a strw}; cftstlo d^miuaLes each nostling hnmlet; hero tb6 
troHTiing glor>* of the plaoe is tho Squire's homo apon the hill, or tbo 
diareli tower, >ritb ilH lli^'ht of birds and maeical old clappers sounding al 
int«rralft, nnd duntiiii}^ and dinning the villagers to their wouden prayen, 
and lbo Sqaiic ami the Doctor to their fustr baize cushions. 

At u UtUo difitaoet! Irum iiuyhnrsl (a nllago that ouawGrii as well 
to Ibis deseiipUoQ as anv utbvr) is Crosalaue Btalion, where the train »tops 
«f ffunuoer evenings. When yon alight apon the platform, the cngino 
■tarte off again, and too tiad voorself in a little crowd of village folks, 
nuulcct eart«, and baskets, and wnjf&rf^rs alreftdj begioniug to diAperae : 
some IbUow the rood that tvos past paslutiog slopes where the floclo 
are wading; others climb the stile and dip into clover fields; tmo litUe 
eart nilb a ehabbv vliito lu-rw tsk«8 a ctiuteary road, bl«akor and loss 
frequented. It pu^ies ander a railwav-hridge, and mna bj flats nod 
reedy Hianbes, and past ibnAbd-looking farms towards an open eotnitiy, 
vhera u-iUovm start into linv, and distant downs murk tbo boiizon, and 
liu--awarTiIlagas stand black agninst the sky. 

Tbo boy with the dork eyes, who drives tlie eart, is m}r hero, young 
Hans Leftrvre ; that low bouse bv tbo conimoti is his home ; and the distanl 
viDageisFoxslip.ofcvi] repntatiun. It had a bad name onoo : thieTesaod 
wricked peoptc wore supposed to live there, and to infest the moor. 
Uany stories were told of dark Joinge at Uie dreary Utile inn, whicJi still 
Stands on the edge of the cnuimon. I'ntil a few years ago, there was 
neitbor church nor school, parson nor sdioolmaster, in Foxalip parish. 
The ehief land-owuor was Faruer Ijefavre, who, it wasi well known, had 
no mou^ In give awar ; he had bQla oat. people said, and was hard pressed 
to meet them. Ho was a flighty, itreligioufl sort of man. He did nothing 

for the poor ; ho vis bbtorbed in bis own scbemofi. Ba ceottbd Ofialij 
at tbe HIkIi Cbarch nTiTalismfl wbieh vcro gontg on at H^hmal wiB 
tbe Sqnirc's patrooaKfl. On Sondaja, wbeo tho wind bl«w wfff(«Ei4.b 
nBad (so it vos said) to go oat sbooUng crows id cbareh tim*, bw 
ing tbat tho Sqniro could heu tbe nport of bis gnu aa ho Ht ta fai^ 
pew, uid Sir George Gorges eworo bo would ooDTioi hLin. 

FuTQcr LefaTTO woa almost idwajg in hot water viih odd penoo 
anotber : with tho Bifibop, wbom ba aecoBed of averj enuM flf mioA 
bikhop IB capable ; with tbe Bquire, with wbota hebftd u itjmdiiig diqW 
about tbo tease of bia boat fields. Eta £atber bad bought tbem frna A* 
Bquire'B father years bofore, at a time wbea old Sir Gaorga wu in oipal 
need of money. I aay bought, but tbe old Squire was loo proad toeooivi 
the land to it Btimoger absolutely. He bad granted a laaao for a lena d 
years, and somehow or other tbs leuc had been lost; but lbs Fanoir 
deelared that the Bquiro eoald produce it if be bad efaoeen to do ao. II 
was certain Ihat tbo first Bir Oeorgediad received a good Mtizi as if far tb 
ponihatie of the land, end that inr^ithcr ho nor Us ton had evar aakai lir 
any rent ainco the bargain was made : except indeed tbo almost a a ^h al 
aom whieb the Garmer paid year by year. LeflavTA bad alao qnairaUed «)di 
his wife's family. Mrs. Leferre bad been a Hiss Hans, aad mads ■ 
nnfortunate match, her rehitiooa aaid — ao did not she — for if enr tw 
people wore happy together. Farmer IiOft'rre and bis wife vera k^T 
and tenderly united. The Fanner, allhongb somowbat abrupt is spaaik 
and manner, had the ways of a gonUeman. He was a gniid*laakii( 
man ; bJB grandEEttber hod come over from Nonuandv, aod firoa bin he 
had inherited the dark eyes and palo highenl ariatoeratis fiMtoraa. IM^ 
might have boloDged to Squire (iorgM himself, wilb bis tnaor ^uastanfl 
inga and oo-belreas gritndmoihors and great*aiinls. Yooog Gorges, tte^| 
Sqmre'a son, with bis fat, blonde, Saxon hee, looked &ix mora fite^ 
a farmor'H son than did Hhdb ItcfevTO, our hero, tbe only child of tbil 
rebeUtona and onpopulnr yooman. FjTory me had a atoos to throw ai 
Farmer Loferre. It is true fae paid higher wages than the iiaigblmiilin 
employers ; but he was a stem master, and expected a crael day's worfc. 
ne was so strong himsolf, he did not knew what it was to feal liar otberiL 
Be was ahsorlwd in his mlfish mnney-mahing acbemea, people aaid. 
in nil this they judged him hardly ; be waa working for bis wife and bia-* 
son and lot the people who spoke so harsbty of hia life. He waa dials-, 
ing and planting at great expense, and be bad borro wed money to ton 
feTeiish marsh into wbolosome crop-land. Ho roivod he kIjuuIiI pxy 
Keir back in good time, and would lire to a htmdred years, if only 
spite Sir Ooorge; bat bia niekontng fnilcd, bo died nt Ibrty, ^ails 
sudduuly, out in tho biiyfield one duy. Ha bad boon belpinn his 
to lift a great stack of straw, and ho moat hare Btnitni<d hinuelf t 

10 fatal way, for ho put bis hand to bis heart and f«U baek ia 
_ And at thai miuulu tho larm and fields, and alt bis bard work 

hard aavinga, went back to tbe Siiaire on Uw hUl-side. BirOMrgs iaatataj 



lukt tbo Ic&se was «DiIed b; Piirm«r Lefevre'fl Ae&th, and tharo was no 
one to dispntG him. Eons was but SBTeoteeD ; his mother Yeas no mntch for 
tbs Squirt, croBhed as the was bj her troable. A great shadow 
of sorrow canio into the littlo farmhotiM — a pftstionate grief oncon- 
trolled, sobbed sinif in bormiig taan. Emelyn Le&Tre wna an 
impolidTO woman ; in bor own pain efae for^got bow cmeUf she was raking 
the one heart that yet b«at for her. fibo clmig to Hans, who aoid nothing 
tA ho aat pale and shivering by her side, sofUy stroking her burning 
huidj, whUu the poor widow poured out nil ber sorrow and felt relieved. 
Bat OS for Ibe boy, dc-iu-ly as be loTcd his mother, ho had loved his father 
etiU luorc, uud thi» d«atb sunk deep into bia sonl and into hia life. He 
Towed to himself to win back bis inheritaoce, but Ibr the present he could 
do nothing but wait. Ho knew, although the others bad not known, 
of bis fkther's generous echomos for the people round about. Ho 
knew all that the Farmer had had at heart, and the future that 
be had planned when the lands irere ready, and the people bad 
learnt to em their doily bread in bonert independence, and not to 
receive it as a dole, cmmb by crumb. But all this was over now : tbo 
ootlAge (it scarcely reached the dignity of a fonnbonse) ma their own ; but 
tfae fields went back to the Squire, who offered no eompensaLioa for the 
mooey which had been sunk upon them. Sir George liked to sqaaro his 
ACcoimts, and be felt that he bad more than made it up with man and 
with bis eonacienee when he built the pretty little Qothio church at Fox- 
slip, out of tbe very first year's profit ; he also erected the echools and 
a comfortable parvonage for bie second Bon, who was joflt married, to his 
' father's content. And so it happened that a parson hid oomo to f oxilipt 
and a pony-carriage and a parsouago, and by d^lMM IbDoved a 
pretty ecbool-house, with weather -cockii and an inviting porch open to 
the roadndo, and so It came about that Lady Stella teaches in the 
schools daily, and helps the schodinistnws with ber tDfiaeooe and 
adrico. And the cbildnn come rpgularly in the pretty little red cloak* 
Itfdy Blella bsn giren tbem, and Mr. Gorges being a man of 
vioqueaoe and eDterprise, tbe do\-iI is supposed to be exorcised from 
Foulip. Bome people say that being ousted in one place, he has crossed 
tbe common and taken np his abode at Hayborst, hard by among the 
elms and postaree ; we all know that ho is said to patronise railways, 
and Hayburst is nearer the ttutioii, and moie convenient in many ways. 
Also " Tbe Green Ladders " public bouse, with its lattice windows and 
shining oaken bar, is afar more cheerful place than tbe dreary little "Ulue 
at Foxatip. 


fooluh people lot tiietr lamps go oat for want of tending, bat 
are oibera who choke tbeira with too much oil, or who snuff them 
out nervooaly at tbe very moment when the light is most wanted. Mrs. 
Lefevre was one of these : on incomplete woman, active, impatient, inca- 



pablo. mth n ourious power of ruing to Xhv occiuion uid lifting h 
oT diffionltiM (probftbly beoMM flh» did not realise them faSij), ^iA 
mi^t have ovorwliolmed ■ less nagamo oatare. Far mmaj lot 0mm B- 
fioollies she had only hcTMlf to bl«m«. and it most b* conliwiaJ tkal At 
did this ongparioglj, nuking matters only voma tor pocr Hhu brbvfii 
of mnorafl, aach of wluoh genonlly lasted imtil Bh« had ■oaattaBf wm 
to liuuQnt over — the Bquiro'e fihnbby condnct, and ber relatioos' nahinilM 
aud tb« prico of eoaU, Hans' idlencsa. and Ms iodifliBmiee aboot a pirf» 
Bion, and hor own ioeapodty. Why was sbe only a womaa ? Asd tfea 
ahe would \oo\t aboDt throng bar tears to flee what vat to be ddov bmL 
Very often it would bavQ )wod far better if i^o bad dooo nathisg at alL kt 
that was Dot in ber uatore. Hans could give hor do adviee. H* iam 
Dothing of the world, and he appeared to be in a f ftrt ftf etapiil draan fa 
waaa time after his father's death. Uia mother worried nt lire, add faesi 
a DyBterimu oamfort id the proccaa, hut the boy hod iiiheril(>d bis blbcrl 
reaerve. He could not put words to fooUugs as his tooUier did. Sut aii« 
gneiHed how loach be suBcred. uor that his uervcs bad r«c«iTfl<d a Astk 
which be did not rec-oTer for some y«an. He grew taller and laanaKW* 
day. his «j«8 looked dark and trooblod ; people ood tbinga in ganatal i 
Uo jar npoo him. He triad to attend to the &nn, bat be aooa saw 
aould not pay, and his interest failed day by day> Bis nigfata 
diatnrbed, nod it reqoirod all tho Belf-eantrol be waa capable of t 
on as osnol,. Mrs. Leferro sunpccted 'nothing; aiid vet abe was i 
lonng-hearted womao ; she would havo done anyUung in tba' m^ 
for Uans except leave him in p«ac<t~tkat indoid would baTA bMB 
Bt her Dature^aad while hlaniing bar let ofl ramember thtl 
Emelyn Lefevre bad as mudi a right to talk as Hana had to b 
I venture to put in this plea, tbongh I know it ia aol a |w|«kr 


One reeooroa young Lefevre had, althoagb lua moOier did bar bsri 
tito interfere with it : bo mi very fond of reading. H« woaU at 
eontentfdly hour after hour, por^D;; over bis 5Ulter's old book*. Mia 
Lefevre was proud of bis appUratJon, but still mora amtoyad by bi 
<W p ia«DiB8 at his age— nearly nineteen — end doing nothing tar liiiMilf 
Ztcd Vn. PlasketC had remarked 

" Mothvr, how i^an yon ! " said poor Hans, taraingveiy nd, and baef> 
ing his &ee iu the book agnin. 

Mrs. Plaskett was the groecr'a TBtirod mother, from UayhnnA, a gaod 
old crentnre, with a lame log and a pooy-earriage, who wma glad to do 
anybody's errands. 8be came over next day with a petition^m bar nsMw 
the honsekeeper at the Ilall. " Five ponnd of freah hntt«r, Mra. LeArvn, 
if yo' can do it, and any fggn ye mn Rpan-. tjidr Gor^* bans be oal 
alayin', and the bride is otpectit to dinner. Sbe is to stay vp*i BtoeaysHSi 
till hor own bonse is ready, pretty dear. SUasGorgeido Mcm oa plaaasd 
as her brother a'mnet. so my nirco tells mo ; lbr>y are nigb of a hngo ; the 
IwojouDg ladies and Utss Oorf^cs mnst be datl o' tinea. Tit^ 



hoiu* — Scwy do feel it so, and lalki o' bettering her««r. Sir Georg$ bo 
vere alius a fAalt-findor. My Sammy l«Itfl me sfl bow tbey calls him tlio 
Bogre ftt Uio ' iireen Ladders.' 'Ti« Uiat Tom Parker, FIl be boaod. 
Jdrs. MilUrd ahoold net ber t»ce itgniast each mdeaeiu. Bat 76 aaexa 
§y to-dar. tna'am, and pat abpat ; sball I come back again 7 " 

" No, I QUI uot moro bosy now thou luuai," said Mrs. Leferre, looking 
tip and down, " bat I cKooot trant that girl of mine to do n thing, and I 
have baea rotming CTomrbere for Hodgette. There is Bomothing wrong 
in the eow-boasd witb Iho calf." 

" 1» not (bat Mr. Haas nitd«r tbo boak ire« ? wfaj doan'l ye send him 
to uea lo the poor beast ? " said Mrs. PlankeU. ■■ I took a good look at 
turn an I |iasMd. I dida't koow him, ma'am. He vill be as foine a man 
uhis father betbar loof; — woo-a, Jmny." 

Poor Mrs. Lefarre's ryes fillod np. " He will never be what hid 
(atbor was," she said despoQiliogly, ait nbo torocd to go into the buoiie. 

" £h I poor soul, I coa fe«l for ye," eaid Mrs. Plaskott, sbsdung hei; 
black atlk bonnet. " An' yet I haTe been donblj blessed In Tommns and 
Sammy loo, bat I fear yua lail tin' his books is no great titan' by." 

4A(y son is all I conld possibly inBh," iiaid Mrs. L«fevre, with some 
digntfy, and she went off, not withoat somo misgirngs, to look for the 
ejjgs. Hdrs. Ltifuvre had no false shame, and disposed of ber ^gga and 
bntter with perfect eelf-possessinn to the] people round about. Neither 
she nnr tbcy ever forgot that nbe w&a a lady bom, and aho might 
have sold ten times the amoaot of farm-prodnco without Loss of 
prestige. Bal, alas, the hens, oninflaenced by proad decoent, forgot 
to lay for days together. Something soemed wrong in the hcn-hoase, 
and indeed the whole form seemed to be d«tini)Uug and vanishing away, 
Hoflgetts, the farm-Bcrvant, was not dercr with oatUe. Mrs. LefoTTe 
flonwtimes sospeeted his honesty. Betty, the girl, was also more fitnpid 
Uun ai^ one oonld have boticvod vbo bail not seen hor wb,V8. If matters 
did not mend they would never be able to li^e there, and what was to 
happen to them then ? Mrs. I>eferre, going bto her dairy, found that 
the eggs bad been mixed, that the bntler was not set, nor the milk-pans 
waehud cat, and Betty was discovered absorbed in the contemplation of 
a pair of new Iwots with heels, Uie dream of months past. Mrs. PlaskeH 
had tn drive nffwithont her complement of cf'gs, and Mrs. Lefovre, vexed, 
and flrithed, and worried, walked aorosa the field to the shady oak, oiider' 
neath which Juck was Ij-ing. 

" •lack, where is FIodgt'ttH — what are yon about ? Bo go and me to 
tho calf. How can I do eTorything whUo yon lie here at yotir ease ? It is 
mj own &nll, I know. I have indulged you and spoilt yon, and now yon 
think of nolhing but yonr idle pleasnro — .ViV/ nti Librrtif — what are you 
reading t What good will it do you ? How can yuu epoud your time 
on all this rubbish ? I know I do not do my duty by yon, bnt I 
do think you might try to be moro of a comfort to — to- — — ." Poor Mrs. 
Ldfene burst into tears. 



Huts looked verj rod. "I cune here Lo g«t out of Un. 
Tray. I'll gojond see to Ihe calf, molhcr. I'm very fMiy." 

"T««, dear, ilo go," sobbed Mrs. Lurcvro. " Oh, thBiyoor&tWna 
btre; I caoQot remenber vlnt be tued to giro Ui« cktil*. I fafpf 
ffrerytbitiK. ftod perhaps it is as >-eU that I thouid targtL Qb. viM 
• life tliis is I " Tbe poor eoqI leant agaiiiBt the li«o sobUng bttta^ 
Life vas only Smelrn LefsTre for ber us ehv stood tL«re to htt hkA 
Areas, with her widow's cap tailing off. Life is only oim«lv«B onr wi 
orer Again. It ia 70a, for yoB, and me for mo — onr own ponefrfM 
meetiog us aguin and again. Lib iras Ham Lefarro for th« ysMf 
fellow striding off on blii way to the atabte ; a jooDg world, 
rebeUiooB, fbll of tender sympathy; apatbetie. at tinMS, bat oal; 
timee : it wag al<o moved by many a geDeroos, yetailant del«nnmatk« 
youthful impolM. Hant posBOcaed a certain senie of »elf-«t«p«cl 
rrlinncc, in which bis mother was wanting : ber very hatiiility of tamya 
was against her happinosa. She was a good woman, coiiBciuiu of C^on 
—not the less conBcioos of it becaoae she bod really tried lo do b«r da?. 

The poor little calf gave a gasp and died, and Mrs. Ztetem faami 
'into froiiU tears, unoe more b^an to Ument bci bubaud's death and 
hard fat«. " He migbt have saved the poor thiog," she said. " Haos t 
fcrrior says that bottle of brandy was the worst thing wo conld baT* 1 
bat one bad do try something, and Bodgettc is so doll, and indeed I si 
fctr the best." 

" Of ooano yon did, mother," said her son, ttying to eomfort her, iv 
ho saw she was id real distress. " Everybody loMW • oalf oow and ILm." 

■■ Only we cAu't afford to loses calf, and otb«r|i«opl«eao." sobbed pes 
tin. Lofovro; " listen to that poor cov bellowing, and Sir GcoTgn'i 
wanted to bay thou both only laat week. Why didn't I lei tham go. 
I could not bear to bare dealings with tbtt man f There is Patch 
for that money to-morrow, and Hodgctta' wagee ore doe, and . . .' 
put his arm round her and pulled her oat of the stable into tha litlle 
orchard, where the apple-trees and the eonset were makiDf{ « 
Dverfaoad, and the flowers and greon and fallen twigs, and the 
daisies and brigbt-headed battareupa, were soft ooder poor Emelyo'a 
steps. She trod bsavily, as desponding people do, white Hans, 
down into her tear-stained Cue, was Ibinkiog how he could help ber beat] 
sbe had no one olse to take cam of bar. If only he coold get 
Tboir fanning was uUer delusion, aad could never be anything 
his mother had hot agreed long ago to fpvo it all up, it would bava 
the bettor for thorn both, smd so be tried to tell her as 8»on aa ahe 
listontolum. " I haro calculated it all over and over again," he Mid. •' 
eoald make it pay still if wo bod the marsh &elda that Bir Oc 
robbed 08 of. but ittihoat the land it is imposnUe. Look bsiv, 
and ho would have shoved her * c«v^. " Ko, no, I ean'i attdentaad— 3 



don't want to boo," erifld Mrs, Lerene, mth siiddeit exupontioo. " It is 
all Sir Qflorg«'s wiek«dil«efl. It woald Dot matter so macli if only oii« 
eonld fnut to Hodgotts and Betty ; do vbat joa like, dear, uythiog, uiy* 
thing, what do I eara bo long as you aro bappj ? " aod bursting into tean 
OBoe more, Bhe ran into the hoaM and eloaed the door behind bor. Poor 
Bum went and leant over the paling, ieeliiig anything, bat, happy, and 
staring at his own caletUatioos. 

Farming! hA bat«d it. " It is a sort of fllaTe-drinng," thooghi the 
joong fellow, " fortbow who oim'l afford to pay for their own «omeienee." 
If only he ooold get other work. They could certainly sell the Utq stock 
and pay tbeir debts and bare enough over to look about. The cottage 
was their ovn, they might disnuBB the Borvanta. There wero grave 
aaflpiciona against Hodgetts' honesty. " Uis honesty I " thought Hans 
bitterly, " on twelve sbillingg a week, with ten ohildrea and a sickly wife. 
Snppose he does steal the eggs I Doesn't Sir George ateal other people's 
property, with his twelve Uioaaand year ? Will ha have to answer for 
Hodgetts' ill-doings aa well as bis own f Kot he. He is driving as from 
onr home, hat no ooo will blame him." Haofi, in a fbry, crumpled op 
Ibe ^Der in his hand aod tuesed it far over the bodge. It fell at the feet 
of a woman who was tradging ooi a-field witb a child crying at her ekirt* 
but she did not stoop to pick it np. PresenUy an old man bent double 
came slowly eimwliog along with a load of fitonea. Ho saw it gleam in 
the soDset, took it op, smoothed it oat, tamed it over and pot it down 
again. Hani meanwhile was paeing ap and down the little box walk. 
He had dwelt apoo the wrongs of life nntil sometimes oil tbe goodness 
and peace in the world aeemed poiaooed away. Tom Parker, his con- 
fidant down at the village, wan more philosophical: " It ain't uo good 
hsMing," he eaid ; "look at me I Wbile sach people as that ore in 
power aod lord it over our 'eada, nothing can be done. But wait a bit 
— so« if wo don't get onr torn ; let tbem go a little farther and they 
will over-reach themselves, see if they don't — mark my words." Tom 
Parker was very proad o£ his words, and was always calling opoQ Hans 

[ to mark them. Before long he hoped to have a wider andience- Tbe 
other did not quite follow all his myBterioua hints, and eoald not wait to 
be ind^Knt until his feelings should be paid by the column, as Tom 
assored him the Exeelwir was prepared to do. (The F.xcrUiur was a 
forthcoming o^ao, a voice for Tom Parker. It was a weekly newspaper 
that was to pot everytbiog straight : it was only waiting for tbe necesiuiry 
foods to eommoDeo its triumphant cate«r under the editorship of William 
Butcher, the weU-koown a^tator.) What was a newspaper more or loss to 
Eaosf Ho was in a rtge, aa many a boy and girl has been before him, 
becfiose th^ cannot command tho things of life, bcuaBe other minda, 
schemes, tx^'aattoes run their coarse, sud tbey eao no more stop them 
than they can stop a niiaenta or potsonoas rapoar from spreading when 
once it has risen. Bat Hans forgot that injustice cannot rxiJtt uitboot 

justice, that there are good things and good popple thinking aod doing 

tlieir best, sa well cts 'bui oaM at tiwir worst. Xiifb wooU bt ad 
ind0ed if tre did not look BomctifflM bflyood aantivm &od oer aanw 
ken. Hero ia tmo vbo nuido oa Affort and moonis btmnlf a faibn; 
beru is tmotfaur wbo imconecioaaly acta npoo Ibo fint laaa'a eBiHiW 
coonts bimKlf Baoe«ssfiil. 

Aa Hans t«uuKl bii discoDaoIote elbows npon his gudort gvU. k 
HUildcnly httitnl an uiiusual HOund eomiu){ opoD tlie soft gosla of Ai 
CTcniog broezo. Waa it « cbnrm — vna it a shepherd piping bit flod^ 
It vta only s womui'B roice, softlr ebttaatiiig a surt of wild sin^Dg-ta^ 
that Hhrilled and ribrated. Tho iiKtbaUo vcuee saom«d to toti^ bb 
earionsly. He had iwvor in bis lite board aoytbing bo etnnftB aad ■> 
BweeL. Tbvu bo saw two ludios come sbwly waUuzig along b^ Un fa spi 
b«dgo that Bkirtod tho garden. Oua of 1b«m had paU«d aama of tb* «U 
TOBflB that ff6V by tho otnuer jaw-tro— the other hold ber hat in b« 
baud, aod bad toinsd bor fuco to nuwt U)« avoat goEse and oloTatvaanBil 
broezcfi from aerogg tlia eommoa. Th<ire aba stood, a son-lit 
dreescd in that palo JapimsBo Btlk whi4ib ladies hare 'wom of late ji 
Sbo Bang a few ootee moiv, then aho lookad roond. and Btoppad 
"DoD't let ns go od; Ibero \i that maq looking orer his 
dislikflB him so maeh." She spoke in u clear and TibratiDg voKe ; h 
yna vqtj lov, bat tb«ro was almost s metaUifl riog in its iliniuiUii 
■a it reacbed Hbd!)' qoielt cart ; her companiaa aufnr«rod, but Bau^ 
iiot cars to listen, ond with one stead; lode, he valkod awajr froa Af 
gate, rather to tbe ladies' eoasteniatioa. 

"He most hare beard mf^>^d yon aee how be looked ? Oh« SkAb 
what shall I do ? " 

"I daresay it was obanoe," said the other coosoltngly, aa da 
turned Awaj. " Yoa hare dropped a paper, Lina," she cMiUBaaL 
poinlLDg with tbe rase-branefa. 

Tbe ladj called Lina looked down, stooped and picked tbe papas ay 
and imned it over. " It is rery like my writing," Aie aaid. 

Oo one edde were aome ealenlatiras, wages, wear and tear so maeh* 
net balaooe— 60^ deficit. Then a aerap of poetry, copied frtoa 

ead to whkb am curents teod, iorHuble ma. 

"What is it all abontf " said tbe youog lady, valkiog oa with 
paper in her hand; "bera is some awre poetry;" and tbee ia 
onnous low voice of bers abo began reading Sbma ^dss that pcxir 
had written down, thoogh be had certainly nana- maanl say one, 
perhaps Tom Parker, to aee them, leaat of all Lina florges, tli« goUdB 
lady iu tbe sunset tone. She grew pnlar and palsr as she rsad on. Tba 
▼^ses were a tirade against her fotber, soppoaed to be apokaa by llw 
guilty HodgottH. 

They were written in tba Eodg»tle' dtaleet, and eoataiiMd a poor 
■ao'a remoniitranco, Tcry aimply worded, bnt not tbe !«■• leUias k» t^t. 



It was a roagh iinitAtion of the work of tho grcftt niaster-butd of onr own 
time. Huu facu] ealUd bis doggorel "A Mid-land iMhoaita," and the 
mstn WM that of tbe NorUwm Farmer. 

t Hodgatts told his own otoiy and his tronbles, tod appealed to tha 
giMt landlord to be cooteot with all that ho hod already devoured — 
Ulflir daily bread, their sLroogth, their own and their childrDo'fl inde- 
pOodCDM. Ho hod reaped where he had not sown. Tlad he oot takeo 
tita Former's own, Bad malctod the widow and the fatherless '/ Would 
be not itpar« the common and tbu clm-troM that people eaitl ha was now 
about to enclose ? Apcllina's luuids wars trcmbUng long befiira Una ; 
her bcart was beating with passionate indigDalioa She could read no 
moro. " Kow dare he ; how dam ho t " sbo cried, paotiog with soddon 
ftnioas emotion. "My bther take what was not his? My &ther 
take another muo'a pruiKirty ? Stuila, yoa do not baliaro those cruelr 
Blanderoaa lies ? It is & wicked lie. It is a mistake— it ts— — " Her 
Toiea roddenly failed, and Lady SlaUa looking op^ saw that her faee 
was etinuon, and thai her baad was hanging, and that gCMt laua, like 
alow nun-drops in a thander-stonn, were fviliiDg from her ^es. Bom«- 
thingJmd ehanged bor ; nil tbc firo wna gooo ; all the sngor. *' Wo mnit 
sand this baek," aho said in an altered Toioe. that soaaded faint and 
toneless somehow. •• Sl«IU. will you see that young man f Will yon 
giro it him ? I cannot. Tell him to destroy it — never to let any one 
SOD thoea emel words." They met Kir Georgo at the park gate. Ho 
eboeked his daaghter under the chin, bat she only fixed her strange 
grey eyes npon him witboni smiling, and looked steadily into bis &ce. 

^ " What are yon thinking of, child ? " Baid he. " Come home. Mr. 

H Crockett is here. I trooght him back to dinner." 

H Una gaTe a Httle shndder, bnt did not answer. 

How shall I describe Sir George's daogbter ? 6be hexself was some- 
how puzzled to find harsclf so uDlike box home, her edneatioD, her &lber 
and mother. Where had aho eoma £rom ? From which of the framed 
grandmothers bad she inberitud bcr peculiar organization ? They had 
not been ohazy of their gifts. One bad given her bar name : a legaey 
for which ApoQina Gorges was by no means grutolUI. She ealtod bsrHelf 
Una, and made fte beet of it; another bad bestowed npon her bet 
beautiful golden hair. A third had be']naathed her beaatifol hands and 
arms, and a harp and a voice of rarest and sweetest quality, olthaogb 
it had the peculiarity that some notes wero almost entiredy missing. 
Lins eould not eonssijnently sing all sorts of mnsio, Scotch and Iridi 
mdodiet) suilud her beet. This beaatifol creatore stood iwmewbat above 
the osttal beigltl of women. She was slight and straight. Kt^q in the 
days of orinoUne she nercr gftve in to the fashion. Hor clothes nsod to 



r»ll tQ tosg folds to tbo groond. She liad regnlar fealores : Kaa pHi|li 
said the; ware iatniinata. ud zapniudiod her with being stiJT asd «>(■>■ 
ImB) and bIbo with fasnog on* ahoolder a little hi^«r than th6 lAami 
a head too Binali for her body. Bat say what thoy woald. they cnM 
DOt dooy her beauty ; sha herBelf did Dot can for her owd good knfat 
but »h& was pleaaed with her beaatifnl hands and £mA, and h« 
sorem^ iras cot abore beingtAmpted by smart Itttio Blippevs enlmidnl 
in gold, and (jnite nnsoitable for aoythii^ bat the glass eaac* in «IU 
the fihoemaker kept tbetn. Thooe who eallad bar atiff did not iatom itr, 
for nbd was one of those eliy, bnt responaTe people, vbo do not watt 
advuicee ; she was spizited, with a touch of melaucholy ; aomelmMi dM 
for honn together, sometimes snddenly excited. A word was alaoM 
imougb ; ehe would respond to a toneb, as peoplo say. It wa« a aans 
and higbly-Btmng nntore, too impreasioaabls £or tls own happiaaa ii 
life. At timeR Miss Gorges seemed to wrap haraelf np in an oatsr am 
of abetraetiuo. Very improsaionable people are obliged sometiBiss fa 
self-defeooe to oppose some sort of ftrmoor to the maexxmdtmtnh W 
too excitable feoHngs, and nbslntctioo comes in iba place of o(W 
qualities to ^ve rest to exbaosted nature. Lina wms not pMftd 1 
roost admit ; she was crow sometimes, and veiy sensitiTO to Ihe i tiiajH 
of weather ; she was obstinate with all her sonsibilitT, and w«aU hsf 
upon one idea ; a storm set ber quivering and almost beside bersrif; 
even a heavy foil of rain would pat ber nerves ftjar, and autone bar fe 
aenrenl hours. She was not veiy active in ber hiibils ; her father vMdl 
have liked her to show more taste for eoontry imrsiiita, bnt tsb» nr^f 
went beyond her pretty momiDg-room or ber wood on the lafm oolaii. 
This walk with hor sister was a very exceptional ev<ait, only JMj 
Stella ooold have broagbt ber bo far from home. Lioa did not mm 
Tery happy. She was not so bnppy «s she ought to hare bees, brt 
then it was tho habit of the honao to be silent and eottstrain^d, oepeeiiBf 
in Sir Uoorge's proacoco, and Ltna had lived tbero lor twoaty jean, sal 
bad teamt the habit. I>ady Gorges set the example. She was aftaid tl. 
ber buBband ; even for ber ehildren's sake she had naver altocopted 
hold her own with him, and if people weakly give in time sfler 
deceiving themselTes and their owo inclinations, acting long- 
and tacit lies against tboir own nataral impnlset, oabin nttaagta hareelf 
upon them in one vray or another. Lady Gorges had ibroBk fro* 
rigbteous battle ; now Bbe was a sad and spiritless woman ; ber lib w 
one terror; ber hnsband hod some carinas infloenca orsr her wbkk 
Boemod to paralyse the poor thlog : she nould start and trUDblo when k* 
•poke to her suddenly. She was a pale, stout woman, with ^z hair, aci 
■omo remains of beaaty still. Harold, hor second son, resembled hv. 
U« waA bar fiivourite child ; Jasper, the eldest, looked too like his Cttbsr 
sr Uie poor lady to M quite at esse in his eompsoy. lioa alao grs^ 

eferrud Harold to bar otduil brother; the was not a tittle excited 
ahe heard of bis eDgsgement. And the Tcry first d«y that her 

I aftiid •(^ 
kuopted 1^1 
ifler tin J 



'vife eun« in Bmiling, all Ihroogli tiie greai folding drawing-room doors, 
I^na vas ver7 sore that site sbuald love her Bt0tcr-u)>Uvr. 

As U>T Lady St«Uft, ahe was a happj womaji, p«opI« 8ud ; ib«ro 
were (ow who did not love her. She was brown-ojod. raaset-bairod, tall 
and Blooder. She waa sumething Uko a Raphael Uidj who a, 1 believe, 
at this very mioate haogiog to a daU in tha National Qallery ; bat if one 
xoay jadgo by the placid loolu of that Berime Madonna, the Eoglis bwomao 
hod &r more ammation and interest in her expreBsion. She leemed to be 
able to beAT with life gently, and yet to hold firmly withal to what she bad 
once determined" she bad that imarlt/ manner some women bare, a tender 
grace, and a certain charm of gentle con&deuee in her destiny that won 
all those whom she cbose to elect to ber friendship. Poor Apollina 
Oorgen often enried her in a responaire, lUImiring sort of way. Most of 
all ebe envied her porbapB for the ease with which she held ber own in 
the home where poor Linit heraelf had little power of sn doing. Lady 
Stella was yoosger than Miss Gorges, bat she came of a largo and onitod 
bmily. Brothers and niBten, and sympaUues of w&rm frieodR, oflen 
ataod in the place of years of experience, and give the con&denM that 
others only gain with age. Ludy Stella know far more of the world out- 
side Stoneymoor park gates than did poor MIm Oorgea at the time when 
tbue g&tee opened wide to welcome the snnsbiny bride to ber bosbaad's 
boou — BO for want of a tictlcr word ho called it. 

Lady Slella broaght a good portion of brightness and street temper, 
bst not mnch beside. U>. Gorges was not imgratoful for this pleasant 
dowry. Be was sorprised and euchanted by the wuy in which Hhe took 
her pUoe, meettog his father's gloomy authority, bis motber'ii silence and 
eoldsen, and Apollina's alternate reserrefl and ontponrings with perfect 
BweetoeeKf and a courage be had never attained to. If Lady Stella's 
ootinge failed her in the first dayR of her stay at Stoneymoor Court no 
one ever knew it, cieept perhaps Lady &Iary, her coofidanLe, an invalid 
sister, who had long been establiBhod as the family prescriber and sym- 
patliiser. Sir George was a bolly by nature. What ebte could be he, 
with bis fierc« eyptHVWS, bis thin lips, tightly drawn over a set of gleaming 
false tcetb, and his tcnddney to sapproflecd gout ? Nobody had over said 
" No" to him. The Er^l time that Lady Stella contradicted him, with 
one of ber pretty liUle smiles, there was a sodden terror and silence in 
the room. Lady Gorges gave one scared glance at the buUer, in her oon- 
fosion. Sir George, who was crancbiug a lark, gulped the little creatnre, 
bones and all, in snrpriae. Lady Btella went on as if sbe noticed nothing, 
looked up at bim with those olear eyes of hon. " I think Harold ought 
to inTMt^ato Ibe subject," she said. " Mr. Bridges came down to my 
father's TtUago, and I know my fatlier attended the mcetiog." *'Yoar 
father can do as be likos," shouted Sii* George. " My tuoaats know that 
I am not to be trifled with." 

VOL. OTUi. — m. i6S. 


Foxfilip Wood io BQumer time is s ^leligfatlbl ptuia — gna to iW 
Bonl. The tti^fftuimu of Datonl thiogH bave often MeiD«d H aaik t 
part of their ch&rm as the a<-tTial t>«aiities we admire. Bayood lb* COffkt 
heK and IhsrA where tlie bronohca broke asandcr, sfreet twaAt rf 
delutata Bbadowy^faillB were flowiag, glenms of light eload. the |nD»4i]p ■! 
tbe iiiit-l«ftvM nuUed, voices of birds, of insectti, or atremmlBts Imhtfti 
rileiiee, tinklSngs from the flocks a-field, whiallingA of cridkats. 

The wotdiesa duttractioo ims very gT8t«ftit to Hans fts be f UM ^bI- 
iDg along the narrow pathway, cradling tbe I«aTe« and dritiog acei- 
sional fir-eODM before bim. Ho had been to the agsDl, and bod aoUb 
poor eov and tbe white pon^, and bo wae discnu^stcly komiiig tba nnaif 
in hia pocket, and thinking of the agent's disagreeable sneor as be bit 
banded it orer, of bis mothor's relnetasra, of tronbte a-besil, of tbe qs- 
nb ap in the treos. Hans was yoong onongb to be able to tbink of i> 
■qnirrels as w«ll as of his cares. We older people, I tbink, inaLa a sariib 
in thinking cAre more sensible and impoitont than it reaHj hu W* t*l 
Uio squirrels Wp by onnoticcd, while wq ere anxioosly ptHuIering apt 
the ditch, six Gelds off, periiap«. Poor Hans went an hia tntj, vbiifliaf 
10 inna ho hod heard Mies Gorges angtng tbe day befbre. !!««■* 

^sUm, browQ-faood yoong follow, droawd in tbe not anbeecaaing dnm ef i 
eoantry fiinner. He had a abort ooat and leetber gaitera, and a sprij 
beatber in his foU bat. Ho tArriod n stick b his band. Ha cd^tl 
been any one— leather gailors ore not diDtiiirtive, and are as oaeftiK 

iDnke an to a farmer. Hans walked along as if the whole wood betovl 
io him, instead of a tumble-down cottage and forty poonds in aOrer nJ 
cottnty notes, to keep bim and bis mother for all tbe rest of ifadr fine 
A little adventnre bofel him pro«ently. As he reaebed tbe end of As 
wood be thought he heanl hia name called, and looking ronnd bo saw ■ 
lady sitting under the greet Bpanisb wolnnt-trDe thai gnords ttc iti gW 

. ^00 can see it for miles across the common). A lady or a fair; tft it ' 
Lias I there aro no real fairies in sncb stories aa mine. 

If this is a foity, she is tbo size of lifle, and looks rery lika 

Ifitolln of tbo Madonna face. She is dressed in tbe quaint and 

tamo that English ladies wore befpimtng to aninme soma tan y«0s 
•go. On her dainty head a hi^-crowncd hat is set. Tba Ibalber it 
flurtencd by a star, that glitters and shines like st^^-l in the mmligfat ; ber 

^pretty white soqne is looped orer a erimsoD satin petticoat ; bar prtlty 
little feet twtuklo in bticUee and high-beefed eboee ; in ber luuul abe boUs 
a long- Stic kcd parasol, which she is waving to attract tbe ytNmg bib's 
Hans aomes np wltb wondering eyes, for bo neogmm OM of 
be ladies be saw go by tbe gate-^iot she who sang, l>at Iba ulbar. B» 
bad been thinking of them only n mtnnlc ago, altbnogh lie had not cspeHfJ 
to meet either of them so soon again. There sat tbe My m tba mtm, 

•Mmfitftabty installed, leaning i^\uiXVb« iroi^ o£ Moa tne. 



" I wADfedtodpeaktoyoa," she s&id, in a vary sweet voieo. "Come 
ber«. I shall Dot detain you & minute : " and aa Hana stood hefott hear, 
lookiiig nirpriflod, elie blaebed and explaiiifld with sweet aptornod eyeSt 
"1 ahoxHd liave called at tba tasm to-daj, bat I have to go to tl)« doke's 
cbristdniiig fete. I am waiting for my pony-carriage ; I walked on ; it ts to 
«atch mo up, I bavo Booiethuig of yoon, Ur. LafeiiQ," and Lady StoUa 
then pot her hand in her poeket and palled oat an wrslopa addreiMd 
io Hans, in a handwriling so like bis own, that be was etiJl more pozzled. 
' My sister-in-law, Miss Goi^^ea, picked up a paper, and read it by na^ 

I take, and aakod me to ask joa ■" (The fairy became a little «lnba^ 


' I um the rector't wife," she aoid, starting afresh, " U gave lUiss 
CoTges tbe greatest pain to think any one could so misjadge her &lher, 
vbom she lores dearly, and she requests yon to ham tbe poem, and to 
remember in fntore that Bir Oeocge has only dose what bo fall right and 
jost, and that it is dangaroaa to draw croel and hasty conelasions." 

" Right and jost I " bnrst out Hans. " Do yon know the stories people 
tell, do you know Uu state of things all about ? Ue toios us out of our 
land : do you know what sum my graDdCabber paid for it ? Has he ever 
told yon the terms of the bar^in?" Hans named a sum so largo, that 
lAdy SteUa lookad down. 

It was most uncomfortable and distressing. The poor lady was 
longing to think wellal) round, botahehegan to be troubled. Uer husband, 
to whom she bad spoken, had looked very grave and said that bo knew 
Dothiog about tbe transaction, but that be often took a different view&om 
his fil^iOT upon busincBB qaostiona, but Lina's passionate asaeveiatious bad 
namned her, end Lady Stella had meant to scold the boy gently, listen 
to his story if he hod one, and explain awny any misconception. 

" Bat sorely," she faltered, ehangbg her ground, " you canuot think Jt 
right for a young man as you are. to oltaek an old man like my &ther-in- 
law. impute every dishonoorahlo action to him, torn him into ridicule. 
Yon have given JtCsa Gorges more pain than you ean have any notion of, 
and to me also." 

"As for the Terses," said Hans lofUly, "I never meant anyone to see 
Ihem ; I have no other copy, and I'm sore I do cot know how thny camo 
into Miss Gorges' bands. You say thoy are enclosed in that " — ua ho 
spoke he tore the euvetope into two or three pieces — " you cannot oxpeet 
met" ho went on with some rising anger, " to give up Qiy honest right 
to my bdher's and graud&ther's property ; and when the day comes I ahaU 
most eertoinly try to claim iL I am rorr sorry indeed," he added, turn- 
ing a little pale, < ' to give Miss Gorges any pain ; I will novcir do anytime 
that is not in fair open dealiog : but i and my mother are ruined. We 
hare hardly anything in the world loft of oil that vros ours : I matt think 
of her as well as of myself. You cannot ask me to make no effort to 
regain what I sincerely believe to be our own." 

Lady Stella was more and more surprised and embarrassed. Her own 



brotber could not b&Ta epofcen better, more qoMlIy, more 

vith all h6r liboralityslie wan b&lf 10^17 ftt tbe JooBg man') 

and yet hair wnn by his erident sincurity and momentum of nwmxr. 

" I am sore yon ore mistakon. Rud eome da^ yoa win be tanj iw 
yotir nojost awtpiciona," she said, warmly; " bnt anyhow, if aror I w aj 
iinslviind can be of any help to yoa id any way — ^will you " — hm via 
Bofteood, ebo put oot bar kind hainl — " eorat apoo ns 7 H« mx^\X ftdm 
yon, and I havA aomA titU« inflnrni^^ ; yon mast be nlarted in Uu waH 
aod got OD better than yoo OTor coald now. 1 am sore thai belore laa^ jn 
will retriere yoitr — ^j-oor fortnne, aud make yoar mokber aa ptool •* 1 
hopo my son will soma day malcd me." Shn said it sa sweetly, that 
wa« completely disarmed ; he eoald not fiod words (o thank her. 

The pony-carriage came np before ha could spoak. '■ Tbaok 
lonrmg tbo Tcraes,*' she laid, iitartiug to bcr rt>«t; "t shall leD my 
And mind yon eomo and see me. I shall i>tpetft yoa. Oood-fe^t Hr. 
T^ferre," and vrlUi a Idndt grave smilo, the faiir drove off, btam^A 
iog hor whip. 


Hianfl wnl^fid on homewards, jingling the mosey In Kis po^el 
lliinking over tbis curious little intcniew. Had he piuned tlieco. 
kind ladii^s ? Skonid he go ? He lfaouf;bt not ; but lie kept aiiiii«ir 
whnt she was like at home. That aveet yoong My f who wonM tw 
dream of impatiog iU-meaning to her ? Bans teemed to be in itamMJ 
As ho passed " The Green Laddcre," he saw Tom Pa>k«r, who bad fee* 
nivny for some time, and who was now eafely rettnncd, atandifi^ with In 
baudH in hia pockets and his lavoarite stork in lus butloo-bole, maA ahU 
ooekcd on one side of hts red shock head, lookinj^ more ralf^ar aod 
poriant eren than osaaL " Here, T^ofavre, I want to epettk to yoa 
and ftti-ppng forward, be beekoDod bim mrateriooNlj a liltlo on one 
It WAS to tell Hans something that he bad atready told hini more 
oaee. Tboro was to bo a meeting of agricullural labooron beld alaart 
Immediately la the bar-room of tbe littlo pnblip. " We ham MeBni 
Bridges; T am to say a few words myself," aaid Tom. " We aaked Ur. 
Ourges, bat I don't suppose bo will earn to eomo — too noar home," esii 
Tom with a cbnckle. "You bad Itcttor look in. LvfeTre ; what is tbe oa* 
of shutting yoar ears and eyes to what ix happenioj; ? Tbera't Dottiif 
to be done singlu-handed, union ia cTDTything ; why, I don't d 
Hcviog onr man in Parliament Wfore we'Te done. Ily Jova, 
I were yon, I shonldn't lag behind. T bare pnt yoar nana down aa • 
member of oar Hillfonl Club. The U«d« and Greens yoa know, "i 
hsTB got onr organ at last. ... I didn't ttil you befon), that is wbat 
hara been about." 

a fell 




replj to my leading articlo in tbo first ottmber ; sm Daily Tti^aph of 
jestcrduy — meotioDs do iiEmcat fon know, bat it ia mbj to know who it 
iA &ini«d At." 

" I>o joa irrit« tlio Iead«ra ? " Haas nskod, somowhat duzled. 

"TbatluD not at liberty to aay," said Tom. "The editor aloDfi 
Imovrfl and is respooaibfa for the aatboriihip of each article ; Balcbcr — 
doD't j'oa know him? — a ^6tj remarkable man, I con tell ;oa. Us 
wantd to make your acqaaintiuice ; bu 'was very mttcb struck by a eon* 
Twaation I repeated, and with yonr views npon agricaltnre. Ho is hare." 

Haoa blasbed np ; it was flattering to bear tbat eucb a man as Mr. 
Batcher was interested in him. 

" I>o yoQ Ibink," he asked ben'taiing, " tbat if I were to send a bw 
Doiea I bare pnt down, there woiud be an; ohanoe of yon getting them 
b8«ited into tbe paper ? " 

" Can't Bay, I'm sure." said Tom, absently looting np imd down 
tbfl rood. Five or eix laboorors were eomiog up in their smocks and 
Sooday ooate. 

" Hillo i the Parson, by Jore ! " said Tom, suddenly. 

"These are the people whose bitter tyranny Ijrings things to our 
present state," said a small man, ooming up in sbioy new elotbes. " I 
don't think your yucuij; ogre would kick bo sleek If be eoold hear some 
of the things that will be said to-day eoooaming him nod the old ogre— di, 

Hans lookad np as the new comer spoke, and saw the new clergyman 
coming along the Inue. A littlo prooesnon was fullowing ; labooriog-mea 
stamping along, or hobbling or tmdg^g, according to tbuir vnrions loads 
of yeara, rbeumolics, cares, bard work. The now married olei^man 
eucmcd pretty free as yet from any of these overwoigbts ; and able to 
bear his quarier of a century nitb ease and bopefulness ; his heart beat 
warmly, tbe sunlight was in bis path, and bis steps came straight and 
proiperous. Tom waited until Air. Qorgos caogbt hiffi ap, than he jostled 
aomewbat rodely against tbe incumbent as he passed and sent some dost 
flying. Hans bloahed up and made way with a little bow. Ho bad not 
bargained for mdeness. He would have liked to apoli^ize as be thought 
of tbe gcntla look of Lady Btella'e brown eyes. 

" Is the meeting to-day ? " said Mr. Gorges to Hans. 

" We are all on our way there now," said Hans, "I am glad yon 
think of Doming, for it coucerua us all," 

Mr. (Jorges looked up surprised as bis wife bad done. The young 
man answered him in a quiet voice ; bat it was dear and well modulalod. 
He spoke as if he had been one of tbe prosperous ten thousand. 

" I bad not really — a— made op mj mind about going," said Mr. 
Gongw, looking a little embarrassed. " You see my position is difficult ; 
I don't want to abow any bias one way or another," Harold wont on 
floundering, for be saw a look of something like seom on the young man's 
dark face, and a sneer in that of tbo two others standing near. Hau 



II on ^B 



looked away into tfae first batUrod Tnce that veot l>7^; wbat c^ttMW 
tboBo poor downs, BMarared against mth pnwperons plBiiBibfo aatagOMli F 
For on instant ho had Ihonghi Hud man waa brioging hia |HW(Na8/ 1> 
the help of tbaeo aafortanatoii. Ha had misrea^I the kind f^aatea. 

"I beg yonr pardon." Eana said; " I thought dergyrowi worebf aij 
of tihoiruig a biAB in fiironr of tboeo who itanX helping. I didn't kw«: 
T am onl; a farmer, and a Tery nuEacceieful one ; " and ha waDctd ea ltd 
caught np Tom Parker, who vas langhii^ to himself. 

" Well I here jon ara. There ain't nn.vtbbs to b« got oal of 
I floold liare told ;oa ao. only yon irooldn't boUow m*. Cold*t 
ane&kft, hiurd-beart«d tTrante, xce nilt teach Uun onr pcrwor. Obo* 
the Kiixtinor at 'eiOi yon niU see the old ogra dovn on his marnnr-boo* 
;et," and Tom cocked hia rtraw bat and manhed in throagli the tanm 
paaaage which led to the oM SHlo-room at " The Gre«o lAddera," afaa 
n deal table with a ghias of water and a few rtekatj old beDohw vr 

•* Here, aet down hj mo," naid Tom. "T am a-goiog to aay a 
words ; bat whaVa worda — porhaps a doxen on 'em may 'ear thsm a&d i 
the good seed'a throvr'd awaj. Oar organ la lb* reaJ thing to prt 
tho power, and wo will nse it, see if we don't. . . • Look Iwrv, Qaai," 
ho Baid confidontialt;. " I am Epoakiog M % friaod ; yon take toot 
ten-ponnd eharea—I know yon hare tha vaonoy by yea — ^w« gh* y< 
six per cent. iuLorMl to begin with, and a &ir aharo of all tho dinj 
besidew paying yon for any oocaaional leadata or lighter utiolaB that 
may wish to contribota. Yom- foitnna't made ; yon are oo fiuvur, i 
boy ; (brgiva me, yoa narer wilt make aoything oat of the land ; btd 
hare brains, and yon know it, and take my advioa and look to than 
tho cropa." 

Perhaps if thors had imly been Tom Parkar and Batohar ibe a^ 
lator, io hia idnny new dothea, to addrcfla tba me«ting, this atoi; wvtf 
neTer haTo been written. Hans was aorely tamplad by Tom'a pra|H|i||JI| 
bat tha thought of hia mother's disliosa hdd bim back, and yet* ^^^H| 
rUBonable U^ refuse a good offer, mndo by a triod fricod, booaoM idia ww 
nerTons and Tom'i manoora were bad ? Uaoa looked op at hia bimi 
as he stood gasping and epintlsring aver his «pi>ech, grafeafol im a 
prompting word from Hmnv, who had qnickly thrown hilM^ islo Ibv 
spirit of Ibu thing, and felt ready to mak« a BpM«h hinaolf bafim Td 
hiul fiuishod hia Grat aontonoe. Whan Parker fiaitdied. to a- tan* 
hoboaila and ehnffiing, Mr. Batchar, the frpiritad profwioior of tha 
niauir. took op the thnror. Ha waa an agitator by pn^CaaRion. and 
hia liviof; by the wrongH of others; he was aearataiy to tba £adci 
GraenB, a newly organixod Radical club. Kin i^lib floant »«it«nec< mlblj 
oat as a matter of roano. Bitterly troa they w^ro, but aoau truths 
ahnoal like rnlacbooda in aome pooplo'a moutha, vagw, maaaii 
fiana knew utctv flutall to Ik acenrat^t iu tha naitti tiol ha 
tunmovcd. lira imlaimeaa and ooe-sid«ln(«8 nf il aU rapalhMi kim. 

c To« Jii 









He did not earo la Uirnw in litfi Teotora wilb sxxth » mm as thu, 
Koi lie gnuped his forty poonda tight to bis pocket. 

BntebAT iat down, taoppin^ up hia face, and thon Mr. BridgM eune 
fenrard. Euis bad heard of him before, aad looked up with eome cnri- 

Tbifl wAfl a nuddlo-ikg«(t Btrong-aet mnn, with a powcrftil han«Bi&e« 
and B poworful boiicet voieo. Ho spoko with a sligbt eoaaliy aeo«&t 
that WU8 Doi disagTv««blu ; on the coDtrarr, it seemod to give pdini and 
character io his Bont«iieei, vhieh cune ilovly and thoaghtfallj, rolling 
true to Uuur mark. It seemed to iomo of those who Ust^ned that it vaa 
Dot one uao speRlcing ; it w»a ttie voice of n ivbotv gonemtion of meo and 
mmeQivfao were teUing the manner of their daily life, of their dniljimnts. 

The maD who nras speaking bad liTc4 through it oU himself, and bad 
UAi boDger awl biting cold, and seen bis little ohildrea anffer. Be had 
been in and oat of other eottagea besides his own, where tho same erael 
lawR of waat^ cold, baoger, went iuipoeod by eireumstaoee, by eattou, b; 
Uiongbtless platitude. He bud seen liLtio children overtasked miH pntto 
labuar unGUad to tbeir etrength ; he bad seen vumeo working in the 
fields, and their Uttiv babies of three weeks old brought oat tbroogb the 
bitter wind, beeanse tlie tathcr conld tint, toibng early and late, cam 
eQDUgb alooe for tbu bumu, not uven if bo bad workud all thu tweuty- 
foor bouni of the day. Be bad eeeD men crippled and sUrved 
into pr«Duttire old age, and as he spoke more than one of those 
preseal gbuKed at old Fnuib CoBderell, erawUug in, doablcd op. and 
KMTM aUe to stand : be was not sixty years old, bat be looked a 
hondred. Briilgcs went on, not very bitterly, bnt clearly and td 
the point ; it had been the coslomt bat ihure was no reason why the 
enfltom shuuld remain. These men bad been sjiitematically underpaid, 
aodciTfed, firom no spoekl ttnktadnefia aiul ill-will, bnt &om the habit of 
tho MSploycre aud tbo babit of resignation. But why should they resign 
thanuelres any longer to so cruel a state f why consent to nork for wages 
that did not represent the work nor anyt3uog neatly equivalent ? Others 
bad found ont the streogtb of unity bvforo this ; " and I enli upon all 
of yoo mon," he said, " to a-nitc, f»r the ({oihI of your cbildren and of 
yotur isoU-ruspuct and liberty, and tu demand the increase of wogee which 
uiObi ja»Uy belougti to yuu. I mysulf have been without a loaf o' bread 
to Bet before my Uttlc oacs, disuingud at a miuute'ti notice, and with no 
redress. The uiagiKtratee won't oooviet the ma-aflturs, we have txiod it 
again and again, 

" ^Vby, a pair of boots cost fourteen ahillin', and a man's wages in 
some pails are twelve and Lliirleen bbillin' a weuk. ... I have soon 
people sore put Ut it," cried tbu orator, for he was an orator, " and my 
heart bu bled for those unhappy children, doomed to toil, to lives of 
Ruflhriug and iosmBcioncy. Poopto talk of tbi> glories of England ; tbeao 
ate amoug the wrrovra of our musl uuUnppy country." 

Nobody moved or spoke for an instant. Mr. Gorges bad slipped in 



onpercolTriil iii the mideli and «u (dtltng listeuing— 4 Mnae of 
hid comb to some of Uie poor rcJIows prBsont for the ftnt tuMi H 
BUke got tipsy at tho bar before be weut hoiD« on ih» Btren^ U hi 
D«wly-awakeiit:(l rights. BuUhar beekooed Huii aside u tlu OMfi^ 

-■* Toa bave beud Liia," bo said, Mgerlj ; " will j-on join nt ' 
;oa help these poor creatures and benefit vonrself At the luae 
There ia the organ waiting ; it oalj TTonts wiud and lUDscIe. and 
is moKle. . . Oits me your band; Purker Las vooehed Ibr jml J^ 
goioefi a veck to begin with, and six per cent." 

Bridges eamc up at that mointjnt with hi^ eoraesi face. 

" Are yoa a farmur and on our aide, sir ?" be said ; " I wiab *!i^i 
mj heart, Lbere vere moro sneh aa Ton." 

When the meotiog tnis oror, and Hans came home, pale a&d »in»L 
in the twilight, and knocked at bis mother's door, she ran to op«a mI 
met him with open arms. The time had eeemed Ifiug, m,d>I ber Wd 
bad been yearning for bim. 

" Well, dear," eho said, eagerly, " where have yoa been, and y«j 
hare sold the cow— end Itave you got tbo money ? " 

" Bottor than thai, mother," mid Hans, with beamuig hapff 
" I think I Btio my way to a livelihood, to comfort yoa» aad 
I scarce care to do." 

" What ia it, dear ? " said the widow, eagorly. 

Jack put bis band into bis ]>ocket and broo^t oat Icmr 
pink paper : they were four sharts in tho Exettsior newapaper. P«r 
Mis. Lefovre gavo a loud cry of doepuir. 

Whan Bans awoke next morning, Tom Butcher was standing ooIa^ 
tapping at his bedroom window. " Horo are tho proofs of the report if 
the meeting," he eried ; " tho uau sat up all ni^t to pot tiuaa iafc 

Leuip Stella Oofja to tier sitter, Lady it. MUvarden* 

I hare not much to loll yon since 1 last wrote, my dsanat 
Dear Baby is well, tbo eaipcts and curtains are sprea^ngf by Jiegtaa, 
the garden is getting into order, tlio uew eook is a sueeoas. I aa 
charmed with my pretty new house and Sir (Iwrge's kiDdoess and 
olity. He has just bc«n berc promising to build me a deiry. t raabol l 
bow il was I was so afVaid cf bim when Z fbrst saw Lim. Harold and 
had made me sby, I Lbink, but aJtbougb my buibaud Isugbs at mo fur a] 
eheeriUl views of life and people, be owns that be did not do bis 
justice, and I do bvgin to hope that in future Hi/iy will all uuderstaoi:! 
one aoolber better tbnn they bave dous bltb^rto. Sir Otot- 'jar. 

hnl 1 am euro he is really warm-hearted ; he has been mor. . : ^joal 
tho reetory— coBsut(«d as about ereiythiog, done eTco'lhisg we wisM, 



and let as come here jost when we began to feel the wact of t borne of 
OTtr ovo. Of eonrse ve vere Tcrrfaeppy fttStoneymoor Court, bat I^miut 
eoofcEa ibat it is a relief to be in ooe's own boose, to ring one's own bell, 
order one's own dinner, open the windov, send for baby at all honrB of 
the Aaj, ftnd trot oot the little ponies at fire minDlee* notice instead of 
solemnly making ap one's mind to a drive the day before. Lady Qoi^ee 
came yesterday with Lisa. The visit vent off very well ; we bad fiv»- 
o'clock tea in the momiog room ; Lbe riew was looking lortily. the 
pntplo moor, the natwoodii> the cows mooobing in the meadow, the 
I dtstont Oumbonse buried in its elma and stacks : Bcaocroft Farm, 
. where that poor man used to livo who wanted to go to taw aboat bii 
lease. Did I ever tell yua about him ? I cannot exactly under- 
stand the rigbta of the siory ; I am a&aid Sir George is a little 
difficult to convince at times. The widow still keeps the farm, thoagb 
tbo land roTortod to as — to Sir George, I mean, at the farmer's death, 
and the lawanit was avoided. TheRoctory isbuiltopononeof tbefieldii, 
and the garden (which certainly is wondctfoUy productive and soooeeds 
admirably — we have been most fortunate in our gardener) was drained 
oat of a marsh by Lefevre himself — I felt qnlte grateftil to him to-day 
when I saw Baby's ecstaaies over the honeysackles. (I assure yon thai 
children begin to observe CTerything at two months old.) I should like 
yoa to know a yooog ou, the fiumer'a son, who interests me very much. 
Uo eometimos oomes Lo see me. 1 am Bore ho will make a name for 
bimself. He is very clever and very handsome ; be writes in a horrid 
Tulgar newspaper called the Excelthr, which has had llu) most extra- 
ordinary success. Harold likes it, but Sir George cannot bear the ai^ 
of it. Qo «Tote an angry letter to the Editor, a short time ago, wlueb all 
the county papers took up, and they say it nearly doubled the sale of the 

Poor Llua misses Baby dreiadfullj, ebe says. Lady Gorges is not fond 
of cliildreB. Deanet Maiy, do they wind hor up oo Tuesdays vriih the 
elooka J Hosbsh, you my. Peggy brought Baby in to see her grand- 
mamma, and Lady Gorges never looked at the child. No wonder poor 
lioft looks sad somttames, and. my heart aches for ber when I think 
of oar own mother, and all tho love and waimtb of our old home. 
It was uYt-ry where, uud laiited all day loDg; it tucked us up in bed, and 
seemed to eome shiaing in of a morning, Dear ^Ifary, I like to think my 
childien will inherit some of oar mother's love, thuugli they nil] never 
have kudwu her. Yoa wilt be iutereAlcd in the schools ; thoy are beau- 
tifully arranged, with dear litLlo cliildron (ooly that I have soch a horror 
of Baby's catching any infectious illness, I would let him go and play 
I wiUi Lboui when he is older). Hannah Gonrlay is a real treasore of a 
I mistress. 1 have only seen her once. She came to thank me for 
famishing the room iu the selioolboufio, but 1 told h«r it was your doing, 
not mine. It Is vory nice to sco pcoplu who have SMn you, dearest 
Uolly. When am I going to see you ? lleoovthile I shall go on vrriting; 



Imt I mait finish fea to^;, for it u post-tixae, and Lin* u eomng 
me in the poDjr-eaniage. 

Your 8. G. 

Letters are storybooks vritton for one partioalar perwa, ftod wimj- 
books attempt, in bodm meMoro, to raprMent lira witHotit its ■♦ItrHTf 
rsibrietioQS of timo and spaeo. Wbnt ara miles to tba writer t fmn tj 
before hia pen, ostates aro cucloBod vithin tba fold of n pag*. nw 
months bod passed since UtLos purcbued bis ptok alurss bom Tea 
Uutcber. To ATOtybody's sorpriM, ihe KjctUtur, ss Lnd/ Stella ani, 
waa a most oxtraordinary saeeess. Tbo Beds and OraMU w«n a pOHr- 
fill commnuity ; and their paper, which bad been oa the Tery T«c{»«< 
min -when Hans* 40f. eamo to start it again, was now a reeogmaeil porcr 
in the conntj, pajnng t»o per ccat. dindeud. Hand liad wnrtninly, as lii 
moUier said, wasted a great dctl of time over bis books ; it turned W 
aonte profit now that he was (iinmng ideas and pons nnd ink inate^d 4 
oats uid beans. He was biniBoir mors surprised at his own sneeesB Asa 
anybody else. 

There aro somo people who all thoir Utab long bavo lo he nontisl 
wiUi haU-lmiwed alo, the dregs of tbo cap. enrolopas, 
fingers of friendship. To take the lowest place at the feaat of Hfir ia 
always m easily dona as people ima^o. Thore are tfanwi and 
when ererybody is eqnal, wben even tba humblest uatnn eonoain* 
boot, and toii^ for it, mid cnnnot feel quite content with a part. Yoa atsri 
fiooiageons enough tu accept disappointment, or gentroos enoQgh ik4 ^ 
grudge any other more fortauato, but to bo content dsBMnda 
tatigibie besides eonrnge or generonty. 

Hitherto Hans Itad b&en anytliing but happy. Ha did not like k* 
work, or his pueilioa in UTo : he bad grown bitter over tiio wroni* he 
ttftw all about, and cnuld not mend. Xov he seemed to see boft 
dawiiiug ; but bis mother's incredolity was very distressfoff. Sh« Innd 
him, but conld ant hetieTo ta liim. She admired in evcroi, bal eaitsinlj 
her talk was not cnconrsj^. Uc want to improvu the condjlion 
the people round aboot 1 As if an inexperienoed boy eoold do 
thing. Why bad be not tncd hie bond upon Uodgetts 7 How could ks~ 
write about things in vbicb, he mast coDf<:HS, bo bad IWilad otilariyt 
** If refonners woold only try their hand itt their own woi^ 
Your dear fMlfaer never oeglootcd Am, nor oomplatood of liis posbsBkl 
eontjnaod Urs. Leferre, with a sjgb. "And I'm sore 1 nevar 
the stop I took when I became a tanner's witb, and left my own 
(Urs. Leferre's sphere bnd revolved in tlw postla and BMrtar 
Rubnrban spotheeary) ; •< but indeed, dear, I have often thon|^ how i 
better it would have been for you if your fiUher had maniad •omsfaodj 
more able to be of iiso, more — What is Lfa&t nofjinit, Hans ? " 

"It is the ebapel, mother," said nsns. "This is Iheir Th r s J ay 

Hans and his nothat had lM*n wandering along the r 



of tlis eTeiuDg, and gone on farlluir than they had mteodwl. Uaai was 
bonbeaded. Mr«. I^fmTo bwl only thrown a shawl orer hor head : it wis 
enty atil) : tho meeting was held at rix o'clock, and it hod oolj jut begun 
ae Ijtdj SieUn and Mibs Gorges diore b; id their bwket carriage, on Uieir 
wa; home to dinner at the Beetory. Lady SlAlla stopped the horse fiirao 
inatant to sboko bauds with Hans and to spoalc to Mrs. LefeTTe. " We 
wore to have met Sir George," »he said ; " hnre yon 8e«a him go by ? " 

Mtb. Lfefevre aaid •' No " » enrtl; that Lad; Stella bhished and drore 
on ; as for Alias Goi^s, aho had not spokso, but bud sat qaietly looking at 
Huns viih cDriooA palo blue eympatbetie gbmces. Somehow the; seemed 
to magQetixo him ; a TOgoe something Boemad to strike soma mjBtoriouB 
dhord as be watched bar. When Ladj' StelU bln&hed, her Bister-io-law 
tnruod pale, and Hans tbooghl that m ber 0j«a there seamed to be some 
odi look of ondenliuidiDg, of apology ; it mtut have been fancy ; it 
wu too iittsnrd. Bho secmod to be there ovea after the carriage had 
tor&ed the coruor of tbo lane, Btill looking at bim. 

■* She looks proad eoongb," said Mrii. Leferre, indifferently ; " what 
ta it they are wmging 7" Hans did nut answer. The tno hud stopped 
for a mUiate to liston to Ota hymn which came mingling pleasantly 
with evening honeysuckle and clover scents. It was a cbeotfol sort 
of ctriin ; very diflbrent bom tbo drawling moan of Uu little Sunday 
acholara — old Caleb Ferrier, the ahepherd, seemed to be leading, and the 
wbolo coDgt^^OD was joining in, nodding time and clapping books nod 
elUoirs in the moat inspLriting mutinor. These people wore eortomly 
singing their own song and praying their own prayers in this little Sf^nare 
brick box, and asking for the things they really wanted for thomselvee aod 
tb^ CumUea, instead of fur those thiiigs which other puoplu hud thought 
Dwessuy fur tbom. Otber people, such as arcbbushops who had Bever 
vorked all day Icmg in a stubblo-field ; high court councillorB who hud 
Dover eaten their vivea' hunch of broad in their hungry tieod. 

Tom Parker in a comer by the pulpit was very promiuvut, with a 
slock in bis button-hole and a bymn-book, flouri^hiug tbo lime ; be 
glaooed orer bis shoulder at tbo open door of the mooting-house and eaxight 
Haus' eye, but he went oa singing. 

'*An' win our glorry errowns," shoaled Tom. in ohoms, "as we go 
{marohing on;" *'And we'll march, and we'll moreh, au' win oar 
glorry ctrowns," sang the old shepberd, and the clerk, and the uiiuister, 
and Ur. NangUe, and his three d&oghters. The whole chapel seemed 
inspiritod by the choorful tone, and if living a good life only consisted, as 
the hymn-books tell vjs, in marching about in bandsi to mosii:, the con* 
gregatioa seemed well advanced on ite way to the New Jerusalem. 

Ul«. LefovTo EbU she ought to say Bomethiag to ooonteraot the 
eflect of the hymn tone, but somehow it had cheered her np too 
as she listened, and it Hcemed nngratofoj to complain just at that 
moment : still abe eould not resist a little sneer at Xom Parker. "Did 
yoa see him witb that enormous nosegay ?" she said as aho walked away. 

1 i^ V 

" How ;on can bear to sponi] wbolo iTcnitiBs with lum or tb>l 
Bridges at that horrid * Groen Laddets.' as joo do— I ua aan 
G«Drga mast think " 

" What do I care vhal he thinb— if ha did Uiink," cned 
" Bridges is a noblo fellow, and if ha had taa tbooaaud a jear ba voall 
do more ID & wttok to Mt thit^ right than tho old ogem has dou! hana m 
all Ilia wicked liffi." 

" Uustih I" aaid Mrs. Lefevre, and Huns, looking ap. baurd a bont'i 
foot strik« the road. II was Bir Qao^, who gavo a diaagreeoUa flxt rf 
grin, showing all his great teeth, and rode nu 

Sir George hod delajad — he had a speciat raaaoa for 
all mast be iieUIed now ; attd learing Foxtlip behind, h« went 
jooinB^iDg along the road. His well-equipped groom eanlered buhinl 

It eeeined an odd arraDgemeut of fate bj whieb all thcira tianjal 
and gentle things belonged to this fierce old m an, filoping Aaiom, 
waving coppice, soft priamatio tints aod pasture land and plaaaMi 
tawn ; the manor-bonse, risiug abore tho elm beads, and tba diiiat 
fiinna of which the gables frere peeping tbrongh tba natwooda. Tkt 
rnj nata in their tittle wooden caeea were Sir Oeorgo'a. aod tbe bffii' 
eftga in their moss; nesta. LitUo Jefl' Forrier, panting nlnng tbe nai 
from nafborvt, had some of the Baronet's propertj* in hia iramcn' 
poekete as ho scrambled oat of the horse's wajr. Sir Qtorgt Ha** 
him a copper and rode on — he was in an amiable mood. Ho had stro^ 
his grand blow, aod would now prore to hia tenantry tliat Huf mdl 
not hold revolDtionaiy mcctbge witb impanity on bis estat*. 1^ 
incited his labourers to strike ; did tboy ? He woald abow tbam wbo was 
mafiler, and that he wna I>ord of the >Iuior, and if bs ebose la eu dsot 
the trees and eocloee the common for baildiag porpaasa nobodj eoiU 
praT«ol him. Something else had pat him into good boouMir with all tbi 
world, with his own danghtcr especially, that morning; and JoffFanier 
owed his capper to no less an event than oo iotanieir twlweea Sir 
George and Hr. CrookeU, the now owner of Xramhleton Goort, "wbs 
had flome forward in the most gontlemant; manner," aaid Bir Oaai|s Is 
his wtfo, " and reall; lina eoold not do better." 

Poor Ladj Gorges I bet bvirt failwd b«r, for liina had d^cIarM m 
aeoret Uut nothing woold indnco her to do so well for harsalf aa to 
many the owner of Trombleton. 

A minote later the httio ploughbo; came ap lo Hans panting and d' 
" Be grandfather in tbo-ar, I say ? mother wa-anta hinu 1 verr lo 
'im qniek. and Mr. Pnrrrker la. " Jeff Fonriar waa ahead c?f the 
Tillage orcbbs and could taka a moaaafls on an aaiai^gcK «a« 

difEcnlt to make out what he wanted now, so excited and Uvoi^t.^^ vai 
he. " The trees, thej'ae eattun our trees." he ntpeated, with baa 
gooeeberty eie» starting out of hie bead. "Tbey'se braaka oop fpait 
&ythcr'a bench where 'a sita Snonday," aaid JtdT, sttU pantia^. 
and tee for ye'ttH, can't ;■ } Uotber uud aome one wnv to alonp 'ttk,' 

aa to 



Hans began to trndfirstand, aod witboat tmoUiar word be walked bnck 
K few pMOi, and goiiifc to th« ohipel door, beelcoii«d ont bis friend. Then 
Jeff was called ap, and aflcr a mioate's conRoltatioD Uaaa and Tom Parker 
Mt off ranniog acroes U10 Getdfl. At the two joaog men harried along in 
hot h&fite, thej met Sntn Plaekett meaDdering along the fieldfl talking 
to hid Bwoeibeart ; at a few words Eroni them, he left that diecoasolate 
damsel to follow as best abe could, and scet off ntonisg too. Hans harried 
on first with fuming eyea, and as ho Teaobed the greuu bo saw that Us 
snepieiona were onlj too real : one great noble tree la^ helpleee, with aU 
it* shad; bnincb«8 ontepread and qniverioj; atill, npon the grass. The 
men had got thoir ropea loand a aoeond tr«o : Inrds wen 0ying Trom the 
bnincbox. widow Barnes was weeping piteoxulj and clinging to the bailiff's 
arm ; 0!ie or two little ebitdreo were looking on seared, so were a eonpio of 
yonng men from the pablie-boose. 

The bailiff paid DO attention to widow Bnmci ;' bnt a more serioos 
obstacle standing in the midst of this group km Ibe liector; pony-earringe, 
io which sitt Lady 6t«lla. UJn Qocges had jumped ont and was standing 
in front of the great fallen tre«. 

<' yiy father oonld not hata mtended that joa nhoold do enoh a 
thing," eried the ^rl in her ringing roioe. " Ur. Mason, I beg ;oq as a 
personal fiiTonr to t«U these men to leave off." 

" Tes, Mr. Mason," cried Lady Btella, " it mnst be a mistake." 

" I am Bnre, ma'am, my lady," said Ur. Mason, taraing diatraolod from 

one to another, " I am reiy sorry, I Sir George was positive in 

his orders. I myself think it a pity ; bnt " 

" A pityl it's a Rhame," cried Miss Gorges, " to enl down these noble 
old trees. I am snre no one has any right to do so,'* she cried, more and 
mora excited, in a ribrattng voice. 

" Ain't iia ahame, Uiss 7 " sobbed widow Beraes, with many a memoiy 
io tier old heart of yonng tife and ooarting days, and long yean passed 
benoatb the shade. 

Thosgmt looked bewildered from Miss Qargn to Lady Stella, who 
stUl sat in the little carriage, to Uaos and bis companions, who were 
looking Tei7 reaolnte, and wbo hod qatetly sorronnded the doomed tree 
and the men at work npon it. 

" Here is Sir George," aaid Mason, mnch reUcTed sad looking np the 

Una gsTQ a little cry, and ran lorwanl to meet her father. In her 
oTcitsment the strings of hor bonnet bod com* untied and were flying 
Ifobini] brr mixed with her long golden enrls. Haas oertr forgot b«r 
as b» saw her tint day. 6be was mored, thrilled out of her nsnol 
silance ; as with clasped bands and streaming eyes she stood entreating 
bar father to forbid the nsD ten going on with their work of destnutioo. 

" Nonsense, nonsense," grontod the Baronet ; " why hare yon delayed, 
Masont MtnGo^^doesDotondentaod. Get roto your carriage, Lina, 
and driTC honv. It is a matter of bnsiness. Ton bsve nothing to do bsrs.** 


through faifl grei 

Lady Stella bit her lip with tndignttioa ; lina, paler And pakr, 
Mody to funt. 

" Papa, I- " Tfaa worda died away od Lina's lipa, her bthmj 

110 heed bo what ohe said, for sometfatog die now eamo to vit 
attention. This aamothitig was do laata than a reitilbreeflunt 
Tillagera inih sticks and pjlehfbrks, who had nddeQly at a cignd 
Hans mmnuidad the nmainii^ trees. 

" This is our property, yon have no Is^il riglit wfaftlvror for vlnt yn 
are doing. I defy yon to prore yoor right to oar conunoo land." rttfrT*** 
young I^ferre in a load ToioB. His eyes vera sparkling, hii ootfdi 
were open, hia head was thrown baek ; no yoang irarrior atvcr flaw toaia 
with a nobler and more determined aspect. They all felt iustiaetinlT 
that nana was their leader ; he had got the ni«n together, by ma^ i 
and now he stood among them alight in hia youth aod in the 
vigDor of bia generoos scorn. 

" Yon miflsrable men," he s^ to the woodtneD, *' enttit^ dnwn ymt 
own inheritance, aomiag hare to spoil your oeigbbaar's. What baa thU 
man ever done for yoa or for yoar chQdren that yoa ihoold eontBot l» 
do this dirty job for him ? " 

" Go on with your work," roared Sir Oeoige. 

" The trees are eold. Sir Oeorge has cootraetad for them, aad; 
understand a gantleman'a word," said Mr. Maion, still apologixiii)^. 

Hans gave a glaneo of aooro and amnsement, hia men okwad ia, 
one of the woodmen sulkily flung down his saw. 

" I'll he d^ ^d if I go on with this here job." 

The other two followed his example ; lo vain Sir Gaot|{o ani as d aad j 
famed at Moaon. 

" Come, Lina, come," Baid Lady Stella of the Imnung nhtnlra. 
Uoa, deadly pale, tozned roond, and with domeast, ahame-Btriekaa Iseb 
got into the carnage ngwi. As the two ladies drore off along the bead •( 
the road whiefa passed the plaee where the resolate yoang man war* i0 
keeping guard, Hana heard a low long mi of sobbBng aigh tbii IcnuM 
him profonndly. 

Then, in a little more, the green waa deserted, the widow's donby 
came trotting back to its accustomed grazing place, the eocks and haos 
stalked abont in their nsnal decaltory manner, one great tree still lay on the 
ground, bat the others were eafe. and their oiormvring brandies aitfrniirl 
rustling with deep fresh life aQ that night, loot; ^^r the moon had risen 
and Btbred the sbadovs on the plus. 


Cfl-optrntibt ^iores. 



Mia Jnlj camber of tbii Mugaziiie the "Stury of the Cinl S«rvic« 
Soiqilj AflBoeiition " was totd in a very m(«roBUDg viy by one of the 
original members. l*be writ«r dcseribod it aa on ontorpriso which " is 
fast reTolatiooisiog the retail trade not only of LoqcIod bat of tb« wba1« 
country," aod bo jiiBtly inferred from tbie that the story of its fortunes 
voald be worth tho telling. Wa may go farther, and say that it is worth 
wbilo to try and forecast the destiny of the oodcrtakings of whieh ibis 
10 the type. It is nAtnnU tlist a member who ha4 «at by tbe cradle, or 
rather tho oapboard, of tho AsRoeiatioo, and has watched its progresB 
from 160S, whoa iU sales omooiitcd to 5,000/., to the present year, 
when tbey promiaa to amount to neatly 800,000/., abontd be aangninc as 
to its fatnre. We propose to inqaire how tar this wondcrfnl sneoess is 
nttribntable to permaneot causes. 

It if) indifipntable that within tho Uat few years Co-operatiTO Stores 
hiiTfl bceomo a distinct element in London life. Tho cridonees of Uiis 
Diet ore apparent in the euru^i which line the Haymarket and Long 
Acre, intlie fre'pieney with which tho gabject cuniee up in convertifttion, 
in tho ondisgoiaed nnea8inc3B of tho retail traders. To deal at a Co- 
operative Store has almost become fashionable. This does not mean, of 
«onrs<», that Co-operatiTe Stores are certain to hold tbeir gronnd. They 
may ba very popalar and yet Teiy ephomorol. Tho novelty of baying 
cbeaply may have attractions for many who hithorto have never oskod the 
cost of a pnrcbase; the vitiit to a store may ^ve a point to tho driTO 
which the visit to the linen draper's has ceased to give. Bnt tbe charm 
of making out yoor own bills and carrying home yoor own parcels will 
not lact for ever. By-and-by some newer fancy wiU take the pkeo of tho 
Co-operatire Store, and tho now deserted shop will bo fonnd as indispen- 
sable as formerly. This, at all events, is the reflection with which a large 
nnmber of shopkcepora are trying to comfort themiwlvcs, and, no donht, 
in OTory movement of Ihia kind there is much that may be set down to 
more imitation or mere love of novelty. Bat tho cauaes which have mado 
Co-operative Stores popnlar lie deeper than tho momentary deeire to do 
nhxd other people are doing or what yoa yoarsolf have aot done before. 
These stores have met a real want — a want whieh was not felt, at least, to 
anything like the same extent, a generation ago. Tbo reader may at first 
be inelinod to dispute this. After all, be may say, the ^'ant that drives 
buyers to Co-oparativa Stores, call it by what name yon will, is tho want 
to get more goods for the same money, or to ^n lesa money for Uia 


There ii nothing da 
medinm ; it existed in principla when men bid not got hejoai butu. 
Bab though the want m«T havo beea foU st «U times, lb« eireaoMtuiMi of 
eoDtcmporai7 societ; are cxecption&Uy fiivoorable to its being Mt ksanlt. 
Dnring the lost tUKy jem tbato bu been n rentarluble rin in th» 
Btiuidord of living. It mnj not be more coHly to live well in IRT3 ^m 
it was in 1848, bat a ffu- grc»t<r nnmW or pL'raona ^nsh ta Ufa «dL 
Berenl caams bnvo eoDtribatod to briai; tUiii about. !nidre hM b««a aat 
only a great iocruase of wealth but a great diffusion of wealth. The &- 
eorery of new vtixya of malting money boa madu many rieh ni wad ai • 
fow richer. Thiii change has coindJed wilb a growing tdodcucT to <&»- 
Tfgtad uocial distinctions not foondod on wealth. Tho time when 
vas a oeceBROiT passport to good amucty has passed away. If money ekoa 
will not admita nnn. it entitles htm to a rule to show cause why hesbpaU 
not be admitted. Thns there ar« three infinaoces working to the dneetiot 
of increased expenditm-o, tho dosiro of those whom money has raised to a 
□ew level to make the most of it, the disincUoation of those originaQy ea. 
that level to be ootdooe by the new comers, and the irritation of tlwwe lIB, 
on the level whieh the latter have left to be oatdone by men who arabdtari 
off hot not better than thoDuelTee. Dnfortanately, society does not pi 
wiser as it gL'ts richer. The material g&inji of oJvilieation may be ioalti|ib4 
and difiusod almost without limit, bat the inlolleotoal gninii lu-e less 
modatiog. The combination of plain living and high thinkuig is aAmir-\ 
uhle if yoQ cad sccare the high thinking, bnt when tb« high thinfcing is 
obsent plain living loses its charm except to men who make eeoaoBj or 
digestion their first care. A dull man is harder to amuse than a drv 
man, and in thin as in most other things ditlical^ means expeose, Tbtei 
conditions of sooie^ oroate a conBtontly ineteanng nnmber of psaMi 
who have the same standard of living and that standard «a asasdis^ 
costly one. Again, many lozories, or what would onea havo itm 
esteemed luxuries, have been greatly ehe^wood. This may hardly seoa ■ 
nason why living should be dearer, bat a xaomeot's thought will ahov tfail i, 
(n the Icmg niD it is so. Many persons, for eiample, now dnnk wtoe emyfl 
day whose fathers fanbitnaSy drank beer. If wine had not become eheapv^ 
they coald never have done this ; but, though they bare bo far pnifited Vj 
the reduction of price, the wine -merchant's bill is a hirger item in tbsir 
aeooonta than the brewer's hill was in their fathers* aeeouata. TraToOtlg 
is another ease in point. Itailways and exousion tickets have made 
clicapcr, bat at the same lime it has become aUnost a necessity tu 
who in the last generation would have stayed at home. Mr. Cook has 
daitn lo be classed among the agencies which havti made living more eost^y. 
This general rise in the standard of living has not beea attanded bj 
any eorrespondmg inoreaso in the moans of living. Uaoy inoomos 
not advanced at all ; many more havs not sdvu&ced la proportioo tw 
expenditaro of tboee who eiim them. Of coarse where the diinuios 
wealth has been Bo great there mast be many men who make £ar toon 



OS cfl 






money Uum men in similar positions nudo formerly, fiat tbo great balk 
of Iho bureaRcratie and professioD&l class«« — tbo men in receipt of fixed 
ioeomos, the men whose rata of paj ifi deter min ed bv a enstom which it 
takes a long time to change, maka ahont tbe tame nombor of bnndreds 
per unnm and Gnd that a great deal more baa to be paid for out of them. 
Nor ia this alL Kot only has more to bo paid for, bat more has to be 
paid. For some yeoni past the general tendency of prices has been 
upward. This fact is sometimes demed, and telling contnuts are drawn 
between the present time, with its cheap groceries and cheap clothing, and 
the time when the commoneet tea was eight shillings a poond and silk or 
lioeo a correitponding price per yard. For the purpose for which tbey 
are ordinarily nfted these comparisonB are qnito misleading. It is veiy 
possible tliat prices have not yet rouched and may never reach the level 
at which tbey stood half a eentniy ago, Bnt if the figures of last year 
are set side by side with tbe figaren of the years which followed the intro- 
daetion of free trade a very great difference will bo Keen. There are few 
things that are as ebeap as they were in 1&50 ; there are many things that 
are rery mnob dearer. As regards wholesale prices, the eanseii that deter* 
mine them lie ont of reach. We cannot put the gold of California or 
Aostnlia back into its native rock, or make labourers contented with 
lower wages or less disponed to spend their earaisga in ways which bring 
them into riraliy as purchaners with the daseos above Lhem. Ketail 
prioos, however, are not fixed with anything like the same nniformity ; 
indeed they seem to invite invesligaUon and possibly redaction by the 
faift that they are dilTerent in Afferent places. The retail price of goods 
is made up of two elements, the oo&t of prodnetion — which may for present 
purposes be taken as represented by tbe wholefiale price, and to be by 
hypothesis mult4irBble — and the cost of dislribntioo. The diflfcreace be- 
tween the pziee of eoal when you bny it at the pit's month and carry it 
away in yonr own carts and when it is %hot into yonr collar by tlie servants 
of a London ooal-nurehant, or between tbe price of n piece of eilk in the 
maouractmer's sale room at Lyons and on the counter of a linen<draper 
in Regent Street, resolves itself into the cost of bringing it within easy 
reach of the retail bnyer — of enabling bim, that !s, to make his pnrehoses 
in oonvenifflit quantities, in convenient places, and at convenient times, 
and further of enabling him to pay for them on convenient terms. Of 
these four advantages the first is chiefly valuable to the poor. It is only 
boyera who have very little to spend at a time and no place in vrhicb to 
store their purchases that care to get tea by the onnce or batter by the 
<]uarter of a ponnd. Bnt to have what yon want where yon want it, and 
when yon want it, arc advantages which come home to everybody. The 
butcher or tbe green^jrocer who calls for orders juJit when the mistreea of 
the boose has finished breakfast and reappears with his tray or his basket 
in time for the contents to be cooked for luncheon, represents (o many 
persons the ulUntate result of advanced civilisation. Stilt more convenient 
is the absencfl of that constant and irritating cheek on expenditure which 
TOL, xxna.— MO. 165. Y\. 



tlio necewilj of Lmmodiato pajmeul eonsUtolaA. To be abld lo pBl( 
pajmect for Bomo conmderabtd time, mid thco to psy nnly put ct At 
laSi, Usring the bitlBuee. sweUoJ by bouio oiinotiood items in (be mj d 
ioterost, to form » sort of oest-egg for future linbUitiM, luu a vecy okfi- 
ig^blo ohonn for tliose to wbom rood; money is lunully ■eue« and iHnft 
' ^ipropriatud to tho lust ponny. 

This is the state of thiiif{S that has giroo birth to Co-opanilva StdM. 
The cost of distribatton is really ao additiotml payment made tot eertta 
eoDvoaioncos in the shape of troabla saved, and CfHoporafire Btoei tMad 
ptn opportunity of maldog retrenchments as r^[ardls tli«M iinmint—i 

Btoad of orders being called for, tbey are left in porson or mhI by feii 
[^Listoad of goods being delivered by the seller, they nro (akoo away by, te 
at the cost of, the buyer. Instead of the shop being in tba '— "^j-*- 
Doighboorhood it is in the migority of cases a eonsideraUo diitaaeitC 
Instead of payment standing over for six or twolro montha it b nf«M 
at the momoat of baying. If all these real or ioti^uat/ adranliCM at 
saTTOodered, ilie bulk of the cost of distribution e&a b« aarad. A ^nl 
percentage on the vrhotesale prioe will pay the rent of a honsa bi tritidi 
the goods may bo kept and the salaries of the shopmen who shew than 
and pack them np. One Urge etOTe vriH do as mnch bosineas, pcdofs. 
as fifty shops, while the rest paid may not be more than ia paid I7 S* 
oat of the ilfty. All the labour of men and flit?fTn*ls which goea to ol- 
leetiog and booking orders, to kcepmg accounts with erery aopaiaia cai- 
tomor, and to deliTeiing the goods boDght, is spared to tha Oo-operalti« 
btoio. The coat of distribatioo being Ihos reduced to the lowest pnaiMi 
limit, the rotronclimcnte&eeted by dealing at a Oo-operatire Store b, inte 
ease of persons who have been aeonilomed to deal at fashionable dbor*. 
a very conuderable retrenchment. Of oooiso, like all aaring, it iispUcf k 
correlative sacrifice. If there is lees money spent there is mora traalli 
taken. If yon are Indolent, or extrsTagantt or ineapabla, or bo^v Itt 
additional trouble will be a vety serioos drawback lo doaliag at a (V 
operative Store. Bat persons belonging to the throe first of thass eatr 
gories are not likely to deal at Co-operative Btorei, while busy hmd «• 
Qsnally married, bat not to oqaally bosy wives. Women who hare laM 
fretting at their own inability to eontribute to the fiimily ineomfl, Bay 
find in the Co-operative Store the aeaos, al least, of provontiog the ba^ 
income from being spent so qoidtly as heretofore. Their edneatidB, pv^ 
baps, has not fitted them to earn money, or their hosbanda do boI «U 
thorn to make tho trial, and the Co-opemlirc Store giros them an oppor* 
tuuity of doing what is equivalent to earning money. By taking pari d 
the labour of distrihution on themselves they can leaecn the ooat of dls- 
tribation. They can eany their own wders, make oat thdr own 'm\ 
and in some cases eany home their own parduaos. 

To do all this for themselves involves no doubt a certain sacrifiee. Bo 
it Lb a saeriBee which has its compensations. If aomo eonveuieoeai : 
Jost by diMliDg at a Co-opan^om ft\nt«i ^^BCQ \h « «a ia ii vo»Uag 




of Bome of iha iaconreixkaws which attvnd doaliiig st onUnarT- relall 
shops. In the first plaeo, thoro la no risk of crereharge. In do&Ung 
at shops it is oftoo bard to say whether yoa ara OTcreharged or not. 
The ciroDQistaiieM which determine the oost of diBtribution rar^-, so that 
the bny«r nuj have uo moans of ascArtaining whether the prioo asked 
mora thu ropnse&ta the additiooa] Talno gtTcn in tho shape of addi- 
tional coQventouce. For exuuiple, the dtiTerouce of rent betireon a 
shop in on onliuhionable or tmli'eqaented sitoatiOD, and a shop in a 
laahioonhlo or hat;; situation, is an elemant which may fairly iufluones 
the piico of the goodn sold in theoi ; bnt who is to coleulaLe whether 
n shopkeopor asks more than is required to ensure him against loss 
from this csQse ? Or, supposing that he does not ask more* how is tho 
boysr to make sore that the additional expense incurred hj the tielter 
mtnaUon is not met liy a det«noration in tho quality of tho goo^Is sold f 
On the whole, wo ahonld bo inclined to sny that tho seearitjr which 
Co-oporalive Stores give on thii head is their best title to popularity. 
Adulteration is so easy and so common, and the dislike to pay more than 
your neighbours are paying is so general and bo natural, tJutt tho 
temptation to a shopkeeper to reimburse himself (at mouoy spent in 
extn rent or other similar ways by soiling inferior goods at tho usnal 
price, rather than by aellbg th« sumo goods at a higher price, is very 
great indeed. No law can proront this being done, becauee adoltcratiou 
need not be effected by the addition of foreign matter. The dealer's 
purpose will bo equally attained if ho sells goods of a lower qnality at the 
prioe of goods of ;a hi^et quality. The law may be able to oohuto that 
tea shall always consist of the plant which it professes to be, but il can 
DOTcr onsuro that gcnuino t«as worth Sa. a pomid shall sot bo sold for 
8#. In the Co-operative Storos, vbore the buyers and Uie sellers oio 
really the some persons, this temptation can have no place. Thirdly, 
tho Oo>operatiTe Store ensures enttra freedom from touting. The (^"stem 
of local shops is a system of constant persuasion to buy, addressed 
not to the buyer, bat to the buyer's servants. The orders are nsnally 
^ven through the cook, and tho cook fools that her own importance 
and that of the family in the eyes of the grocer's or the cheesemonger's 
yooiig mas ara measured by the frequency and the amount gf the ordois 
of which she is the channel. Dndor those circumstances, she is natnrolly 
disposed to oxaggernte tho nocd for giving orders, and an orders dopond 
upon consumption, she is impelled to fix tho rate of coiisumpliou at as 
high a rate as she can fix it withont Bcrionaly riskbg her mistress's favour. 
Where thero is no calling for ordors on honest cook has oo indmuiment 
to be eitraTagaot; indeed, she gains in point of reputation by being 
economical. Bnt under tho action of Lhc oalling fgratem she feds emlar* 
nssed every time that there are no orders to give. lu fact, sbo ts doily 
hi the position of a man who wants to get out of a shop without boymg ; 
and aoyoae wbo oonsiders how uncomfortable that podition is, and how 
often he hoe eieaped from it by baying someUung tu& HSk vs\ ^<mji», ^^ 


00-OPE&A.nTB 8T0BB8. 

not vondar at a slmibtf vaakoMi on tlu put of hii eook. 
positivo iDcreose of oullaj which eaUing Sor onleni oft«s cnni w , Qt 
boodstj of servants is put to serioDs peril by it. Tlio pungA btm 
ordering morti thun ii wauled to orduriog things tb»i aro no4 mnlad il 
aU« or wanted b; tlie t«mtDta and not h; tboir employers, ia f m-tit u fr 
easy, and in many cases this transition is greatly belpod by the ftneom 
of feoiog serrauts adopted by many tradeHmeii. By tbs tima Ikat ■ 
oook bM loamt to waat« ber money in baying min«3>a— ly goodl hh 
MOM she rocciTes a oomnission of some sort on the pTirrhnwa ilhrtaj 
sbo is not fiir off from direct thefl. And even whea nuUten do aot 9» li 
this length, Lba ejatem of calling for orden involves & eotisidarablt iam 
of indopendonee oa tbe port of the miitresft. She is not free lo dmaft 
her shops at bor pleasoie, for tbe cook sets her face Mgumt a fndm 
wbieb iroold bring tbe visits of tbe aocastomed yoang nun to : 
and it is so coDronieDt to be on good terms with yonr eook, 
sfas is a really rolnable serraat, that the misLress does not ean ta ! 
bcr to thia tjinoyauce, and the conseqaenco Is that a